The Issue Of Growing A Beard In Islam
dot 13 Feb 2006
The majority of scholars say that shaving man's beard is prohibited, its ok to trim it to a fist's length though. However, many contemporary scholars say that its only commedable, not obligatory, to grow a beard. They say that its not haram to shave your beard, but its makruh (hated). Its a great Sunnah, every Muslim male should try to practice this Sunnah according to the best of his ability. However, Allah does not take us to task for what is beyond our power or ability. We are told to fear Allah as best as we can. So, my understanding is that, if there are strong reasons, in your community or job, preventing you from growing your beard, at least you know that some scholars said its not haram (unlawful).
Now let's read what sister amani collected for us, from different scholars, regarding the beard and moustache issue.
15 Feb 2006
Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi
"We see that there are three views on shaving the beard. First, shaving beard is prohibited. This is the view of Ibn Taimyiah. Second: it is Makruh (reprehensible), that is `Iyadâ€™s view. The Third view is that there is no problem in shaving the beard. This view is held by many contemporary scholars.
It seems to me that the closest of these three views is the one that deems shaving beard as Makruh. As the stated reason for growing the beard is to be different from the non-believers, it is similar to the matter of dyeing gray hair in order to be distinct from the Jews and Christians; it is known that some of the Companions of the Prophet did not dye their gray hair, signifying that it was commendable rather than obligatory. Similarly, growing the beard may be regarded as commendable but not obligatory, and, accordingly, shaving it would be classified as Makruh rather than Haram. It is true that none of the Companions was known to have shaved his beard. Perhaps there was no need to shave, and perhaps growing the beard was a custom among them."
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Sheikh Ahmad Kutty
Sheikh Ahmad Kutty, a senior lecturer and an Islamic scholar at the Islamic Institute of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who states: "no Muslim should take the issue of the beard lightly. At the same time, we must also state categorically that one should not conclude from what has been said earlier that growing a beard in Islam has the same religious significance as that of the other prescribed rituals. This is definitely not the case. Thus it is important for us to recognize that we are not allowed to ostracize men who do not have beards nor are we to question their basic faith.
Since beard is undoubtedly a great Sunnah, every Muslim male should try to practice this Sunnah according to the best of his ability. Allah does not take us to task for what is beyond our power or ability. We are told to fear Allah as best as we can." Shaving the beard is a way of imitating the disbelievers, and the Prophet of Allah has commanded us in numerous hadiths to contradict the people of the book (Jews and Christians) and to contradict the pagans and Magus. So since shaving the beard is a tradition practiced by non-Muslims, it makes it mandatory for the Muslims to contradict them by growing it
(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.muslims.ca"]muslims.ca[/url]
15 Feb 2006
In all schools of Islamic Law, it is considered wajib (mandatory) for a Muslim male to grow a beard. It is also wajib to let the beard grow a fist length. It is prohibited to cut or shave the beard. He who does so is a fasiq (sinner) and to shorten it less than a fist length is makrooh tahrimi (near haram). This is the view of the majority of scholars.
Hanafia: Allaamah ibnul Humaam (RA) has mentioned that nobody has permitted the trimming of the beard lesser than a fist length. (Fathul Qadeer; Shaami; Fataawa Mahmoodiyyah vol.5 pgs.93, 105, 108)
Shafi'eah: Allaamah Nawawi (RA) states, 'The correct view (according to the Shafi'ee Madhab) is to leave the beard to grow and it is makrooh to trim the beard whatsoever.' (al-Majmoo vol.1 pg.290; also see Sharh Saheeh Muslim vol.2 pg.143)
Allaamah al-Iraaqi (RA) states in his book entitled, 'Tarhu Tathreeb' (vol.2 pg.8): '. that the best is to leave the beard totally and not to cut anything from it at all, and this is the view of Imam al-Shafi'ee and his students.'
There are quotations from two great scholars of the Shaafi'ee Madhab that do not permit the trimming of the beard at all, not even beyond one fist.
Malikiah: Imam Abul-Waleed al-Baji al-Maliki (RA) states: It has been narrated from Imam Malik (RA) that he permitted the slight trimming of those hair that are overgrown and are outside the general growth of the rest of the hair, and that Imam Malik (RA) was asked about a beard that had grown extremely long, he replied that it should be trimmed a bit.'
Imaam Abul-Waalid adds, 'And it has been narrated from Abdullah ibn Umar and Abu Huraira (Radhiallaahu Anhum) that they trimmed beyond one fist.' Hence, this is what was meant by Imam Malik. (refer al-Muntaqa vol.7 pg.266)
Imaam al-Qurtubi al-Maaliki (RA) has also mentioned something similar to this in his commentary of Sahih Muslim. (see al-Mufhim vol.1 pg.513)
Hanbaliah: Imaam Samiri (RA) - who is an expert Hanbali faqih (jurist) - states:
And he should not trim any bit from the beard except if he wishes to do so beyond the extent of one fist. However, it will be best if he doesn't do so.' (al-Mustaw'ib vol.1 pg.260 - see Hukm al-Lihyah fil Madhaahibil arba'ah; Abdul-Aziz al-Nu'maani pg.50)
Another Hanbali scholar, Imam Shamsuddeen al-Maqdisi (RA) states, 'It is forbidden to shave the beard and it is not makrooh to trim what is in excess of a fist's length because this is supported by the practice of Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Umar, Radi-Allahu anhu,.' (Kitaabul Furoo vol.1 pg.130; Ibid)
It is clear from all these quotations that it is permissible to trim the beard only beyond a fist length. No one has explicitly mentioned that it is permissible to trim the beard lesser than a fist length. In fact, according to some of these quotations, it will be better not to trim the beard at all.
more also found on site.
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15 Feb 2006
Shaving the beard is haraam because of the saheeh ahaadeeth that clearly state this, and because of the general application of texts that forbid resembling the kuffaar. One of these reports is the hadeeth of Ibn â€˜Umar who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: â€œBe different from the mushrikeen: let your beards grow and trim your moustaches.â€ According to another report: â€œTrim your moustaches and let your beards grow.â€ There are other hadeeth which convey the same meaning, which is to leave the beard as it is and let it grow long, without shaving, plucking or cutting any part of it. Ibn Hazm reported that there was scholarly consensus that it is an obligation (fard) to trim the moustache and let the beard grow. He quoted a number of ahaadeeth as evidence, including the hadeeth of Ibn â€˜Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) quoted above, and the hadeeth of Zayd ibn Arqam in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: â€œWhoever does not remove any of his moustache is not one of us.â€ (Classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi). Ibn Hazm said in al-Furooâ€™: â€œThis is the way of our colleagues [i.e., the Hanbalis].â€
Is it haraam (to shave it)? Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: â€œThe Qurâ€™aan, Sunnah and ijmaaâ€™ (scholarly consensus) all indicate that we must differ from the kuffaar in all aspects and not imitate them, because imitating them on the outside will make us imitate them in their bad deeds and habits, and even in beliefs, which will result in befriending them in our hearts, just as loving them in our hearts will lead to imitating them on the outside. Al-Tirmidhi reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, â€œHe is not one of us who imitates people other than us. Do not imitate the Jews and Christians.â€ According to another version: â€œWhoever imitates a people is one of them.â€ (Reported by Imaam Ahmad) â€˜Umar ibn al-Khattaab rejected the testimony of the person who plucked his beard. Imaam Ibn â€˜Abd al-Barr said in al-Tamheed: â€œIt is forbidden to shave the beard, and no one does this except men who are effeminateâ€ i.e., those who imitate women. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had a thick beard (reported by Muslim from Jaabir). It is not permitted to remove any part of the beard because of the general meaning of the texts which forbid doing so.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaâ€™imah, 5/133
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15 Feb 2006
All Praise is for Allaah the One, and prayers and salutations upon His Messenger, upon his family and his companions. To proceedâ€¦
The Sunnah is to trim the moustache and not to remove it as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said:
((Trim the moustaches and leave the beards (to grow) and oppose (differ) from the mushrikoon)). The authenticity of this hadeeth is agreed upon by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.
If he shaved it (off) then there is nothing (no sin) upon him. As for the beard, then it is obligatory to leave it (to grow) as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said:
((Trim the moustaches and leave the beards (to grow), (in doing so) oppose (differ from) the mushrikoon)).
And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.
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dot 09 Mar 2006
Now that you've read what scholars had to say about the issue, please feel free to discuss it here. We remind our dear members to show due respect to ALL scholars in whatever your discussion takes you. Any violation will be met strictly according to our forum rules.
PSM Kokkur 09 Mar 2006
Now that you've read what scholars had to say about the issue, please feel free to discuss it here.
I do agree that growing a beard is of utmost importance in Islam and for muslims. However, certain doubts keep annoying me when this issue comes up.
1. In this world, where people leave their home country in search of a livelihood, we end up working for companies that require their staff to be presentable (in their set of ways) by being clean shave. Or if the person keeps a beard but has o be neatly kept. Like a full grown beard. Certain companies even forbid keeping a beard. What is the position of such muslims. It may be inappropriate for them to leave their job due to their financial problems. And in most cases, its not always necessary that the person has a fully grown beard. It may be incomplete or few hairs hear and there. To say in short, a hairless beard that looks really unpleasing. WHAT SHOULD SUCH PERSON DO?
2. In some cases, due to the unpleasing look an incomplete beard creates, certain wifes compell their husbands to shave their beard. Or sometimes they complain that the beard is making them uneasy especially in bed. WHAT STAND SHOULD SUCH HUSBANDS TAKE?
If someone could throw more light from this point of view is really appreciable
Princess Mujahada 10 Mar 2006
yea you will find "scholars" saying the halal is haram and some that say the haram is halal
However, Allah does not take us to task for what is beyond our power or ability.
is that beyond any of your powers or abilities....brothers?
rofi 10 Mar 2006
In the following talk, Shaykh Abu Yusuf Riyadh ul Haq explains how the beard is Wajib according to all four schools of thought with evidences.
Status of the Beard
(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.as-sabiqoon(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/downloads/Status_of_the_Beard_One.mp3"]Click Here to Download Part One[/url]
(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.as-sabiqoon(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/downloads/Status_of_the_Beard_Two.mp3"]Click Here to Download Part Two[/url]
Aboo Uthmaan 10 Mar 2006
As brother Dot pointed out in his introduction to this thread, all of the scholars have prohibited shaving, except for a few contemporary ones who have gone against an established ijmaa', this is not an issue in which there is a difference of opinion because as brother Dot kindly pointed out, nobody had ever permitted shaving until now, so it could be said that those who do have gone against what is firmly established in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) by way of 25 ahaadeeth (if not more) stating to leave the beard and let it grow, and if we look at these ahaadeeth we see that the Prophet (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) has not asked us not to shave, he has ordered us, for indeed the command not to shave is an â€˜amr (order).
In the Arabic language, when the methodology of the aayah or the statement of the Prophet (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) is an â€˜amr (order) from the awamir (order from the orders) it comes in the form of an order or an instruction, i.e. The Prophet (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) said: â€œLa tajlis hatta tussali rakaâ€™tain (do not sit until you have prayed 2 rakâ€™at)â€, â€œla tajlisâ€ is an fiâ€™al â€˜amr, it is an instruction to do an action which is an order and we know that it is an order (from the Arabic language) because there is a sukoon at the end of â€œtajlisâ€, so â€œla tajlisâ€ shows us that it is an instruction and an order, it is something that we have to do or abstain from (depending on the instruction)
When Allaah curses an action, or when the Prophet (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) curses an action then it is an obligation to abstain from it, just as if Allaah or His Prophet (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) curse the one for not doing an action then it becomes an obligation to abstain from it or to do it, for example, when Allaah says: â€œLa'natullahi ala kadha wa kadha (may the curse of Allaah be upon [so and so])â€ or (and this is an even stronger obligation) when Allaah says: â€œLa'natullah wa malaikatihi wa nnasi ajma'een (may the curse of Allaah, the angels and the all of mankind be upon [so and so]).â€
Imaam â€˜Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Naasir as-Saâ€™dee said in his book, Risaalah Lateefah Jaamiâ€™ah fee Usoolil-Fiqhil-Muhimmah: â€œThe asl (fundamental principle) concerning commands in the Book and the Sunnah is that they are indicative of a wujoob (obligation), except if there is an evidence to indicate to it being mustahabb (recommended) of mubaah (permissible). The asl concerning prohibitions is that they are indicative of tahreem (forbiddance), except if there is evidence indicating it being makrooh (hated).â€
Aboo Uthmaan 10 Mar 2006
The one who shaves is not like the one who makes it permissible to shave, for the one who shaves but believes it is impermissible to do so is sinning, whereas the one who says that it is permissible to shave (even if he has a beard himself) has made permissible what Allaah and His Messenger (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) have made impermissible, thus, such a person has legislated in Allaahâ€™s Deen.
There are however situations in which one may be allowed to shave, and this is due to the Shareeâ€™ah principle of â€œnecessityâ€, for example, if one was lost in the middle of no where and had not eaten for 2 weeks and was about to starve to death then such a person would be allowed to eat the meat of a pig in that instance if that was the only food available, but he could only eat enough to keep him alive and if he came across other food from the permissible types of foods then he would no longer be able to eat the meat of the pig because the â€œnecessityâ€ would no long be there, thus, the â€œcase of necessityâ€ would be removed.
As for the beard, then we were created to worship Allaah, obedience to Him and His Messenger (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) is worship, and disobedience to Him and His Messenger (sall-Allaahu â€˜alayhi wa sallam) is not worship, the purpose of our creation is not to work; rather, work is a means to fulfilling worship, i.e. we earn money so we can buy food to eat in order to remain strong in order to worship Allaah and so that we can provide the basics of life for ourselves and our families, and let us remember that there is â€œno obedience to the creation if it means disobedience to the Creator.â€ If a company wont employ a person due to the fact that he has a beard, no problem, there are plenty of companies who will and do, so such a case does not fall under â€œnecessity.â€
Aboo Uthmaan 10 Mar 2006
â€œThe saying that every Mujtahid is correct, it is sophistry (denial of reality) from its beginning, and zandaqah (hypocrisy/disbelief) to its end.â€ (Siyaru A'laam An-Nubalaa', Risaalah, 11th printing, 1417)
As for the sophistry of the statement, then it is denying that the Truth is one, not many. As for its zandaqah, then it is the fact that this statement is used to destroy the principles of the Deen so much so that a person can do whatever he likes with no limit, since he can always search for a Mujtahid who made an error in favour of his desires. Thus, he ends up with no Deen in the end, a zindeeq. So such a path is a very dangerous one to go down.
May Allaah guide us all to what is truth and make us of those who submit to it, amen!
(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.ahl-ul-hadith.dk/ebooks/beard.pdf"]The Beard[/url]
(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.gawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=27102"]If you Care About your Islaam then Read this[/url]
noxiouspython 10 Mar 2006
brother abu Uthmaan for another informative article
This wsa the exact thing someone was asking about, i.e. bring a hadith that says growing beard is Fard. I told him it is to do with semantics but he wouldn't listen [also i did not have anything there to back my claim i.e. memorise etc]. this wouldbe greatly helpful, like most of your posts are
and ameen to the dua....
Aboo Uthmaan 10 Mar 2006
Princess Mujahada 10 Mar 2006
Amu aboo_uthmaan! excellent and true information you gave us here!!
mintyfresh 10 Mar 2006
i am trying to grow a beard insha'Allah it will be big so i can hide my kebabs and save them for later lol
but everyone at my school shaves because of the teachers.. alhamdulillah Allah has given me a good arguing tongue against the Kuffar so they have not told me to shave for almost 7 months now... though they tell others... Make du'a for me please that it will be a full and thick beard -- jzk in advance.
p.s. just incase any of you are owndering i charge Â£2.99 for the large kebabs and Â£1.99 for the half eaten ones.... ketchup is available too but a a mere price of Â£5!!! (what? its rare man.. )
Edited by Abu_Sulaiman, 10 March 2006 - 09:03 PM.
noxiouspython 11 Mar 2006
Well maybe everone agree to it, or some wouldn't even click on it thinking they might find out something they dont want to...
AhmadMosaIssa 11 Mar 2006
I partially agree with those scholars. I agree with the part where you SHOULD grow a beard! But i disagree with the fist size thingy; there is no evidence that it should have the length of your fist!
I also disagree with the connection between growing a beard and the hadeeth "whoever imitates a people he is one of them", not growing a beard doesn't necessarily mean you are imitating the mushrikeen, "al a'amalo benneyyat" maybe i want to shave my beard because i think i look better without it, not because i want to copy mushkrikeen. plus jews grow beards don't they?
still i believe we should grow beards, since our prophet (PBUH) asked us to
any corrections would be appreciated
ahmad mosa issa