[size=5]1-SURAH AL-FATIHAH (THE OPENING)[using large font size is not allowed]
[size=3]**Commentary and TAFIR Is Of IBN KATHIR**
[using large font size is not allowed][size=2]**English Translation Is By Abdullah Yusuf Ali**[using large font size is not allowed]Revealed At Mecca[size=3]1. In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. [using large font size is not allowed][size=3]2. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds; [using large font size is not allowed][size=3]3. Most Gracious, Most Merciful; [using large font size is not allowed][size=3]4. Master of the Day of Judgment. [using large font size is not allowed][size=3]5. Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek. [using large font size is not allowed][size=3]6. Show us the straight way.[using large font size is not allowed][size=3]7. The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray. [using large font size is not allowed][size=2]This SURAH is the OPENER of the QURAN.[using large font size is not allowed]
[size=2]The SURAH with which PRAYERS are BEGUN.[using large font size is not allowed]
[size=2]It is also called Umm Al-Kitab (Mother of the Book)[using large font size is not allowed]
Al-Fatihah was called the Salah, because reciting it is a condition for the correctness of Salah - the prayer. Al-Fatihah was also called Ash-Shifa' (the Cure).
[using large font size is not allowed]The SURAH contains SEVEN AYATSURAH contains 25 WORDS and 113 LETTERS(Allah, the Exalted, said, `I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) into two halves between Myself and My servant, and My servant shall have what he asks for.'
[Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃÃ³Ã£ÃºÃÃµ Ã¡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ã¶ Ã‘Ã³ÃˆÃ¸Ã¶ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃšÃ³ÃœÃ¡Ã³Ã£Ã¶ÃÃ¤Ã³ ](All praise and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of existence.)
Allah says, `My servant has praised Me.
' When the servant says,
[Ã‡Ã¡Ã‘Ã¸Ã³ÃÃºÃ£Ã³ÃœÃ¤Ã¶ Ã‡Ã¡Ã‘Ã¸Ã³ÃÃ¶ÃÃ£Ã¶ ](The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.)
Allah says, `My servant has glorified Me
.' When he says,
[Ã£Ã³ÃœÃ¡Ã¶ÃŸÃ¶ ÃÃ³Ã¦ÃºÃ£Ã¶ Ã‡Ã¡ÃÃ¸Ã¶ÃÃ¤Ã¶ ]
(The Owner of the Day of Recompense
Allah says, `My servant has glorified Me,' or `My servant has related all matters to Me
.' When he says,
[Ã…Ã¶ÃÃ¸Ã³Ã‡ÃŸÃ³ Ã¤Ã³ÃšÃºÃˆÃµÃÃµ Ã¦Ã³Ã…Ã¶ÃÃ¸Ã³Ã‡ÃŸÃ³ Ã¤Ã³Ã“ÃºÃŠÃ³ÃšÃ¶ÃÃ¤Ãµ ](You (alone) we worship, and You (alone) we ask for help.)
Allah says, `This is between Me and My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he sought.'
When he says,
[Ã‡Ã¥ÃºÃÃ¶Ã¤Ã³Ã‡ Ã‡Ã¡Ã•Ã¸Ã¶Ã‘Ã³Ã‡Ã˜Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ£ÃµÃ“ÃºÃŠÃ³ÃžÃ¶ÃÃ£Ã³ - Ã•Ã¶Ã‘Ã³Ã‡Ã˜Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³ÃÃ¶ÃÃ¤Ã³ ÃƒÃ³Ã¤ÃºÃšÃ³Ã£ÃºÃŠÃ³ ÃšÃ³Ã¡Ã³ÃÃºÃ¥Ã¶Ã£Ãº Ã›Ã³ÃÃºÃ‘Ã¶ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ£Ã³Ã›ÃºÃ–ÃµÃ¦ÃˆÃ¶ ÃšÃ³Ã¡Ã³ÃÃºÃ¥Ã¶Ã£Ãº Ã¦Ã³Ã¡Ã‡Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡Ã–Ã¸Ã³Ã‚Ã¡Ã¸Ã¶ÃÃ¤Ã³ ](Guide us to the straight path. The way of those on whom You have granted Your grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray),Allah says, `This is for My servant, and My servant shall acquire what he asked for.').''
This SURAH is RECITED In EVERY Rak'ah!BLESSING OF RECITING BISMILLAH
Further, An-Nasa'i recorded in his book Al-Yawm wal-Laylah, and also Ibn Marduwyah in his Tafsir that Usamah bin `Umayr said, "I was riding behind the Prophet...'' and he mentioned the rest of the above Hadith. The Prophet said in this narration,
Â«Ã¡Ã³Ã‡ ÃŠÃ³ÃžÃµÃ¡Ãº Ã¥ÃŸÃ³ÃÃ³Ã‡ ÃÃ³Ã…Ã¶Ã¤Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ãµ ÃÃ³ÃŠÃ³ÃšÃ³Ã‡Ã™Ã³Ã£Ãµ ÃÃ³ÃŠÃ¸Ã³Ã¬ ÃÃ³ÃŸÃµÃ¦Ã¤Ã³ ÃŸÃ³Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃˆÃ³ÃÃºÃŠÃ¶Â¡ Ã¦Ã³Ã¡ÃŸÃ¶Ã¤Ãº ÃžÃµÃ¡Ãº: ÃˆÃ¶Ã“ÃºÃ£Ã¶ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¡Ã¥Ã¶Â¡ ÃÃ³Ã…Ã¤Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ãµ ÃÃ³Ã•ÃºÃ›Ã³Ã‘Ãµ ÃÃ³ÃŠÃ¸Ã³Ã¬ ÃÃ³ÃŸÃµÃ¦Ã¤Ã³ ÃŸÃ³Ã‡Ã¡ÃÃµÃˆÃ³Ã‡ÃˆÃ³Ã‰Ã¶Â»(Do not say these words, because then Satan becomes larger; as large as a house. Rather, say, 'Bismillah,' because Satan then becomes as small as a fly.)
This is the blessing
of reciting Bismillah
of "[size=3]Allah[using large font size is not allowed]
Allah is the Name of the Lord, the Exalted. It is said that Allah is the Greatest Name
of Allah, because it is referred to when describing Allah by the various attributes. For instance, Allah said,
[Ã¥ÃµÃ¦Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³ÃÃ¶Ã¬ Ã¡Ã‡Ã³ Ã…Ã¶Ã¡Ã³ÃœÃ¥Ã³ Ã…Ã¶Ã¡Ã‡Ã¸Ã³ Ã¥ÃµÃ¦Ã³ ÃšÃ³Ã‡Ã¡Ã¶Ã£Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ›Ã³ÃÃºÃˆÃ¶ Ã¦Ã³Ã‡Ã¡Ã”Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ã³ÃœÃÃ³Ã‰Ã¶ Ã¥ÃµÃ¦Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡Ã‘Ã¸Ã³ÃÃºÃ£Ã³ÃœÃ¤Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡Ã‘Ã¸Ã³ÃÃ¶ÃÃ£Ãµ - Ã¥ÃµÃ¦Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³ÃÃ¶Ã¬ Ã¡Ã‡Ã³ Ã…Ã¶Ã¡Ã³ÃœÃ¥Ã³ Ã…Ã¶Ã¡Ã‡Ã¸Ã³ Ã¥ÃµÃ¦Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ£Ã³Ã¡Ã¶ÃŸÃµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃžÃµÃÃ¸ÃµÃ¦Ã“Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡Ã“Ã¸Ã³Ã¡Ã³ÃœÃ£Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ£ÃµÃ„ÃºÃ£Ã¶Ã¤Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ£ÃµÃ¥Ã³ÃÃºÃ£Ã¶Ã¤Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃšÃ³Ã’Ã¶ÃÃ’Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃŒÃ³ÃˆÃ¸Ã³Ã‡Ã‘Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ£ÃµÃŠÃ³ÃŸÃ³ÃˆÃ¸Ã¶Ã‘Ãµ Ã“ÃµÃˆÃºÃÃ³ÃœÃ¤Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ã¶ ÃšÃ³Ã£Ã¸Ã³Ã‡ ÃÃµÃ”ÃºÃ‘Ã¶ÃŸÃµÃ¦Ã¤Ã³ - Ã¥ÃµÃ¦Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡Ã¡Ã¸Ã³Ã¥Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃŽÃ³ÃœÃ¡Ã¶ÃžÃµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃˆÃ³Ã‡Ã‘Ã¶Ã¬ÃÃµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃ£ÃµÃ•Ã³Ã¦Ã¸Ã¶Ã‘Ãµ Ã¡Ã³Ã¥Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡Ã‡Ã¸Ã±Ã“ÃºÃ£Ã³Ã‚ÃÃµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃÃµÃ“ÃºÃ¤Ã³Ã¬ ÃÃµÃ“Ã³ÃˆÃ¸Ã¶ÃÃµ Ã¡Ã³Ã¥Ãµ Ã£Ã³Ã‡ ÃÃ¶Ã¬ Ã‡Ã¡Ã“Ã¸Ã³Ã£Ã³ÃœÃ¦Ã³ÃŠÃ¶ Ã¦Ã³Ã‡Ã¡Ã‡Ã¸Ã±Ã‘ÃºÃ–Ã¶ Ã¦Ã³Ã¥ÃµÃ¦Ã³ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃšÃ³Ã’Ã¶ÃÃ’Ãµ Ã‡Ã¡ÃºÃÃ³ÃŸÃ¶ÃÃ£Ãµ ]
[size=4](He is Allah, beside Whom La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. He is Allah, beside Whom La ilaha illa Huwa, the King, the Holy, the One free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the Almighty,the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the Almighty, the Wise) (59:22-24).
[using large font size is not allowed]The Difference between Praise and Thanks
Hamd is more general, in that it is a statement of praise for one's characteristics, or for what he has done. Thanks are given for what was done, not merely for characteristics.
MORE TO COME inshallah..
Edited by Aaqib Ahmed, 10 September 2008 - 06:22 PM.