Jump to content
Islamic Forum

All Activity

This stream auto-updates     

  1. Last week
  2. Don’t Despair Ibrahim Dewla

    This is an excerpt from one of Ibrahim Dewla’s speeches. Its translated more or less meaning. No one should despair from Allah. No one should complain. People who make effort for this faith should have good opinion of Allah. My Allah is doing good for me. My Allah has provided me in an excellent manner. And Allah will continue to do good for me. Allah will continue to create ease in my circumstances. Allah will continue to facilitate me. Allah will accept me. This is necessary! Its one of the etiquettes. Jabir (rad) said: Three days before he died, I heard Prophet (saw) say: None of you should die except while he is having good thoughts about Allah. (Muslim) My Allah will deal with me with good circumstances. My Allah will assist me. My Allah will make me successful. How your opinion is will dictate how Allah deals with you. It’s in hadith. The Prophet (saw) said, “Allah says: ‘I am just as My slave thinks I am, (i.e. I am able to do for him what he thinks I can do for him). (Bukhari) Allah’s grandeur is great. Allah’s rights cannot be fulfilled by anyone. (Due to which) Allah made way out for us. So based on your opinion decisions will be made. How easy it has become? To have good opinion is this really difficult? To have hope in Allah is this difficult? Because Allah’s grandeur is great and his power is immense. Allah’s rights can never be fulfilled by anyone. Allah’s favors on his creation are many. Allah’s blessings are many. This has been explained to you that do the work of this faith with having good opinion of Allah. Reason for this is that in this world circumstances come to man, undesirable circumstances, pain comes, illness come, restrictions come. So man feels anxious and constricted due to difficulties and devil makes this man hopeless. (This occurs) because man is unmindful of Allah’s greatness. What is Allah’s greatness? This is what man is distracted from. Its blessings of propagation of this faith through which Prophets explain greatness of Allah. The Provider to whom you are going, the Provider to whom you are inviting others to, Provider to whom you worship, what is His greatness! Reflect on His greatness so circumstances are alleviated. Prophets in their message explain greatness of Allah comprehensively. And with people they (Prophets) make them hopeful. Don’t be afraid. Do (good) work. Your sustainer is such & such. “then ask forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is Near (to all by His Knowledge), Responsive.” (11:61) https://sheikhonderun.wordpress.com/2021/04/18/dont-despair-ibrahim-dewla/
  3. Was the Holy Quran requesting to be written down?

    The Qur’an reigns supreme in Muslim hearts as the most sacred of texts: a profusion of exalted ideas to rouse the mind, noble histories to stir the soul, universal truths to awaken the conscience and precise injunctions directing humanity to its own deliverance, all distilled into the melodious essence that is the Word of Allah. Through fourteen centuries Muslims have persevered in championing the text against corruption, memorising its every word and contemplating its every phrase, so that in our own times untold millions have enthusiastially committed each letter to heart. This expansive book provides unique insights into the holy text’s immaculate preservation throughout its history, as well as exploring many of the accusations levelled against it. The reception of divine revelations, Prophet Muhammad’s role in teaching and disseminating these verses, the text’s compilation under his guidance and the setting of its final external shape shortly after his death, are meticulously and scientifically examinded alongside such topics as the origins of Arabic, its palaeography and orthography, the so-called Mushaf of Ibn Mas’ud, and the strict methodology employed in assembling textual fragments. Download: https://islamfuture.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/the-history-of-the-qur-anic-text-from-revelation-to-compilation.pdf
  4. Lover’s Prayer

    This is an excerpt from one of Tariq Masood’s speeches. Its translated more or less meaning. Questioner asks to obtain girl I made lots of prayer in latter parts of night. I didn’t have an unlawful relationship. Despite my sincere efforts I wasn’t able to obtain her. But I believe that Allah will provide me someone better. Sheikh replies this happens quite a bit. Truly difficult situation. You prayed all this time despite your efforts in the end you are not able to obtain her. In the Quran Allah says “Or shall man have what he wishes?” (53:24) This is rhetorical question. Answer to which is what man wishes doesn’t happen all the time. Truly whatever prayers you have made in night we hope Allah out of his mercy accepts them. If that individual was not meant for you, you will get someone better. Did I not say we should think positive? Firstly we should have positive opinion of Allah. The Prophet (saw) said, “Allah says: ‘I am just as My slave thinks I am, (i.e. I am able to do for him what he thinks I can do for him).” Allah forbid that you think Allah intended bad for me because of your perspective it will be bad. Rather have positive thought that whatever happened is for my best. It could be that you got married to her. Rather than being source of happiness she tortures you. Allah will provide you someone better. And it could be that the one you do get married to, she is not better and is torturing you. So one will ask has Allah truly provided me someone better? We have to believe Allah knowledge is perfect and our intellect is deficient. “it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.”(2:216) Meaning of having faith is to believe whatever occurring in my life is nothing but good. My other advice or request in late parts of night avail opportunity to pray for forgiveness. Wouldn’t that be better? Focus on obtaining forgiveness of Allah. https://sheikhonderun.wordpress.com/2021/04/16/lovers-prayer/
  5. Earlier
  6. From my little human perspective: This is only relatively true, because the word "nothing" is just a word, and words are relative. So the part of it that is true, is as follows: Allah exists. Allah IS existence. Everything depends upon Allah's existence. Non-existence doesn't exist. And the non-existence of non-existence, means, that Allah will forever exist, why? Because there is no room in Non-existence for Allah to exist in non-existence, why? Because non-existence doesn't exist! There is nothing there, there is no place for existence to exist in non-existence. It literally doesn't exist. So does that mean that non-existence created Allah? No... They do not even exist simultaneously, why? Because NON-EXISTENCE LITERALLY DOES NOT EXIST. IT DOES NOT EXIST. But Non-existence can proof the eternal/infinite existence of Allah. And that is why we can use it as proof, to say "that nothing can help you realise that existence exists, and so if you can become aware of something, it can exist, and without your awareness it cannot exist, and SO in a sense you could relatively say with relative truth, that nothing "created" everything. But to be more precise, nothing just helped us to become aware of everything. Like two circles overlapping creates the eye of awareness in the middle. Everything and nothing. And then continue that expansion, the flower of life, and vortex of all creation. Which is about awareness and sentience. Vibrational, changing, perspective. Creation. Reflection. Consciousness. So for us humans, yes, you can say "nothing can help proof everything", but that is again a relative truth, depending on how you view that word and how you want to use that word. Because in the end, non-existence LITERALLY BY DEFINITION, DOES NOT EXIST. THERE IS NO NON-EXISTENCE. And so same can be said for nothing. There exists no nothing, by definition, nothing is not a thing. So there is no point to talk about it, EXCEPT for the fact that it PROOFS and it CAN HELP PROOF that existence exists, eternally and infinitely. And so existence will forever exist. And so you are thereby proofing the first dimension, of oneness, of Allah. Which is the primary Source of All Existence. But even further than that. IT IS EXISTENCE ITSELF. Pure existence, and it can only be found through non-existence. Why? Because non-existence doesn't exist, so if you focus your consciousness deeply enough into non-existence, you will always find Allah. There is no denying it. Like they say, All paths lead home, everyone returns to Allah. Even if you do not focus on non-existence, you will also return to Allah. Which you call Allah, I've heard some call it Brahma. but brahma is just referring to the sentient aspect of TOTAL Allah. And TOTAL Allah refers to both it's sentience AND non-sentience, and EVERYTHING that exists. OR can or will ever possible exist and does exist and has existed, etc. In all dimensions and all times, in all directions, in infinite depth and broadness, ever expanding. Eternally unknowable and knowable. And well, I have no idea what I'm talking about. Better to refer to the 99 names of Allah, than me regarding this. But if scientists worship non-existence, they do that, because non-existence proofs existence. And they love PROOF. They want something consistent. But it literally does not exist. So they are literally not worshipping anything. And so they are in a sense saying "well, if I am eternal, then hell will become paradise and paradise will become hell and together they will eventually create something greater or bigger than both together or either seperate. So they skip that part. And they just go straight to peak behind Allah, to see if Allah is an illusion or not. They wanna see if there is really something behind or before Allah. And they don't wanna become a good muslim to accomplish this. They really believe that they are allowed to see for themselves if Allah is an illusion or not. So they try to look behind the 1st dimension. To see if there exists a 0st dimension. And ofcourse it doesn't exist. But if it really really really does not exist, and logic says that it cannot even possible exist. Then This non-existence must be the source of everything. It is just a logical conjecture or conclusion they have taken. Which is a flaw, because the moment they find it, it is no longer non-existent. So it's very stupid. Indeed. Well, scientists aren't guided by Allah, so may Allah have mercy on them. Daoists say this too, but they still practice the art of balancing this duality. To find a way to reach a HIGHER FREQUENCY AWARENESS OR CONSCIOUSNESS that is more divine, like in Islam we seek to find higher faith and believe. Meaning higher consciousness. Deeper alignment or attunement to or with Allah. I don't know how you call it. Faith. Well, those who are believers anyway. Or who have experienced faith in the past atleast. And many people have, even if they have never heard about Islam. But they have very different names for it. And it is a very rare thing for humans to find faith. Infact, pessimism is way more common. Even amongst muslims it can be found, if you are a disbeliever. But if you are a believer, you will be able to find faith everywhere you look. Even in a scientists, and it will be very funny for you, and they may even be completely ashamed by it. By the guidance of Allah. And without faith, there is no ability to perceive the guidance of Allah, and no way to succesfully navigate the infinite illusions of existence. Not an easy not enjoyable thing. But who is to know that, except Allah! However, I find this assignment of sentience and non-sentience to Allah a flaw. Even tho I cannot denie that it sounds logical. According to the Quran "There is none like unto Allah." So, Can there be a nonexistence that reflects Allah's existence? NO! Allah is the eternally existing, and the fact that Allah's opposite, non-existence, literally doesn't exist, PROOFS that. But the ASPECT of Allah that can be sentient and non-sentient. Ok... That is not the TOTAL Allah that is just an aspect of Allah that happens to contain a duality and similarity. We are made out of the breath of Allah afterall, we have to have SOMETHING in common right? But we will never become the Total Allah. Atleast it's hard to believe that that is possible in this life. But everything is hard to believe. Even Allah is hard to believe. Maybe we should first believe in Allah, and then we will be guided to the correct knowledge. But if we believe in Allah to find the knowledge, then we will never find it. We have to believe in Allah, just because we believe in Allah. And because we want to believe in Allah. And we have to KNOW that our believe is because of Allah, by Allah, for Allah, through Allah, and otherwise it's not a real true faith, and it will not yield any guidance. But even if we know that, if we do not believe, we simply do not believe, and we cannot find guidance either. And those are the two aspects of non-believe. To not believe, or to believe in a petty illusion that yields nothing. And both, I know very clearly. But faith, is not easy for me. And a scientist? Forget about it. By the mercy of Allah you will enjoy helping them find faith, that they may find it. And that you may be guided to help them find it if you truely need to. Allah knows best.
  7. Question: Did the message in the Quran request to be written down? And why did they write it down?
  8. Islamic Movies

    Salam. Here's some Islamic Movies with English subtitles: http://www.islamicmovies.net
  9. Miracles Of The Quran

    Brother Harun Yahya has been arrested for rape and sex crimes and many charges in Turkey.
  10. Misbah Online is an application where user can find authentic daily azkar and dua's for zikr and tasbeeh. Moreover, users can add azkar and create their own tasbeeh as per their requirement. Google Playstore : https://bit.ly/3pXK4iz Website: https://www.misbahaonline.com https://i.ibb.co/mzYcVKV/misbaha.jpg
  11. I am developing a game about Palestine Resistance

    Fursan al-Aqsa - Old City of Jerusalem On this article I showcase the finished map of Jerusalem, which will be the 4th Mission of Fursan al-Aqsa's Campaign Mode, alongside some new progress on my game. https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_3.png It's time to protect the Holy Land, the Land of the Prophets and Messengers, the Land of our Ancestors. Zionist Forces are preparing a big strike against the Old City of Jerusalem, so it is up to you, Fidae, to protect it with your blood and soul. And if you die in this mission, Paradise will be your eternal bliss. Allah Akbar! After almost 20 days of extensive working, I finished the Map of Jerusalem, which is the 4th Campaign Mission of Fursan al-Aqsa. This is one of the biggest maps of my game, it's not a 1:1 replica of the real city, but I tried my best to make it look similar. I even found a way to convert Google Street View Panorama Images to Skybox Textures, to use them as a backdrop for the maps. The final results are good, as these custom skyboxes add a depth to the maps. https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Eu8dixuWQAE0A9Y.jpg https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Eu8e6G1VkAIko73.jpg Another Milestone for this project is that my game was selected for the Independent Games Festival this year, a long life dream which I finally achieved. Even though my game doesn't be selected as a finalist, but the fact of participating on the biggest event for Indie Games is for sure a milestone for any game dev out there! I thank Allah (God) for this and also thank you all who are following my game, those who are supporting me here and elsewhere. Jazakom Allah Khayr (May God give you all the best). https://igf.com/knights-al-aqsa-mosque Another very important achivement for me is that my game got noticed by the legendary Martin Hollis, the main programmer and director of the original Goldeneye 007 on the Nintendo 64! My game, despite having a completely different story, plot and thematics, but, on it's heart, it is a love letter for Goldeneye 007. Martin Hollis noticed this and praised my game: https://twitter.com/martinhollis/status/1359189828173238275 https://twitter.com/martinhollis/status/1359190260173987846 https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/EtyMVMlWYAQBNN-.jpg Also, as I am close to finish the development of #FursanAqsaGame, I decided to replay the classics #Goldeneye007 and #PerfectDark (my greatest inspirations) on a #N64 #Emulator for #Android to get more ideas for mission objectives to make my game a trully Love Letter to Goldeneye007! https://www.mobygames.com/images/covers/l/6129-goldeneye-007-nintendo-64-front-cover.jpg https://www.mobygames.com/images/covers/l/287446-perfect-dark-nintendo-64-front-cover.png As I am playing these masterpieces, some cool ideas pop up into my mind, like destroying security cameras, sabotaging some israeli equipment, finding secret documents, planting bombs, invading israeli bases, disguising yourself, murdering a specific enemy, rescuing Palestinians, and so on. And here follows some screenshots of Jerusalem Map, I hope you like it. Next step I will be making a small gameplay teaser for this map, as I have done with the previous 3 maps. https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_2.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_4.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_7.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_9.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_10.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_12.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_13.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_14.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_18.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Jerusalem_22.png For more screenshots, please go here: https://www.indiedb.com/games/fursan-al-aqsa-knights-of-al-aqsa-mosque/images Cheers and until next update. #FursanAqsaGame #UE4 #UnrealEngine #gamedev #indiegame #indie #3dsMax #MAYA #Autodesk #PalestineFree #Intifada
  12. I am developing a game about Palestine Resistance

    Fursan al-Aqsa - Official Announcement Trailer - I'm NOT Terrorist https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/tribute.png This is the Official Announcement Trailer for my game, a remake of another trailer I made before (All the power to the people of Palestine). This is a promotional trailer which I will send to those Independent Games Festivals, in the hope of getting more visibility for my game and a publisher to help me release this game and reach a bigger audience, Insha Allah (God's willing). Also on this new trailer I showcase some new weapons, animations, and a glimpse of 3 new maps: al-Aqsa Masjid (Sniper Cutscene), Old Jerusalem (the Helicopter Chase Cutscene) and Gaza Strip (Jet Fighter Bombing Cutscene). I hope you like it. English/Portuguese version: https://www.indiedb.com/games/fursan-al-aqsa-knights-of-al-aqsa-mosque/videos/fursan-al-aqsa-official-announcement-trailer Arabic version coming soon. Cheers and until next update! #FursanAqsaGame #UE3 #UE4 #UnrealEngine #gamedev #indiegame #indie #3dsMax #MAYA #Autodesk #PalestineFree #Intifada #FreePalestine Here is the original MP4 video in HD 720p High Quality: https://mega.nz/file/ElE13CQL#5aqdKTMITN8cxinwF1G6GM7wXYRUyvIvKfwygLm7v3A
  13. Opportunity not to be missed! In continuing our revival of the Sunnah into 2021, we announce our Online Hadith Recital of the greatest Hadith work ever. https://i.postimg.cc/V6qhhc1g/Sahih-al-Bukhari.png CLICK HERE TO REGISTER & FAQS https://www.cordobaacademy.com/sahih-al-bukhari https://twitter.com/cordoba_academy https://www.cordobaacademy.com
  14. Opportunity not to be missed! In continuing our revival of the Sunnah into 2021, we announce our Online Hadith Recital of Imam Malik’s Muwatta with 1 of only 2 scholars remaining alive to have studied it with the grand Musnid Hafidh Abdul Hayy al-Kettani https://www.cordobaacademy.com/muwatta-imam-malik https://i.postimg.cc/3wctL9Jc/Maqra-flyers-1.png
  15. I am developing a game about Palestine Resistance

    Fursan al-Aqsa - Official History Trailer - Ahmad al-Falastini In this article I showcase a brand new trailer for my game, the Official History Trailer which tells the history of the game's protagonist, Ahmad al-Falastini, a peaceful student who became a ferocious warrior thirsty for revenge. This trailer tells the history of Ahmad al-Falastini, the protagonist of Fursan al-Aqsa, how he turned from a peaceful student whose dream was to protect lives, into a ferocious warrior thirsty for revenge and blood. This is one of the best trailers I ever made for my game, it was a lot of work (10 days and almost 14 hours of rendering the animation in After Effects). I think this trailer gives to the player a better understanding about the protagonist's motivations to wage war against israel. Even tough this is a fictional history, however it is based on real facts and depicts the reality of this conflict. Be sure that there in Palestine you will find very similar histories of young people who had their dreams and their lives destroyed by a Genocidal Military State which does not respect any law or human rights. Here follows the trailer. Please watch it with attention and I am sure Ahmad's history will touch your heart: https://www.indiedb.com/games/fursan-al-aqsa-knights-of-al-aqsa-mosque/videos/fursan-al-aqsa-official-history-trailer-english https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Scene_07_00100.png Also I want to share here the interview I gave to BostonFIG, which was showcased last saturday on their channel. Please watch it for understanding better my personal motivations for making this game and other insights on the game's development process: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vm6tql6s1rs Last, but no least, many people to whom I talked at BostonFIG, asked me the meaning of the game's title screen music. I explained to them and now I want to explain here also. This is the Palestinian National Anthem. It talks about the Palestinian Fedayeen Warriors and their struggle for liberation of Palestine. Fedayeen (plural of Fedaye) was the name given to the palestinian guerrillas who fought for the Freedom of Palestine (the word Fedaye means martyr, i.e those who sacrify their lives for a noble cause). They had a lot of popular support to such an extent that they were considered kinda super heroes among Palestinian People, they inspired a generation of Resistant Fighters and other Islamic Military Groups. The dream of any children was to become a Fedaye, the dream of any woman on that time was to marry a Fedaye (by the way there were even Palestinian Women as Female Fedayeen Fighters), the dream of any mother and father was that their son become a Fedaye. My father voluntereed as a Fedaye for almost 12 years before coming to Brazil. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/29/FatehMilitia.jpg https://www.pierre2.net/pictures/cp_fedayin_OLP.jpg So below follows the music's translation. Cheers and until next update! Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my land, the land of the ancestors Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my people, people of eternity With my determination, my fire and the volcano of my vendetta With the longing in my blood for my land and my home I have climbed the mountains and fought the wars I have conquered the impossible, and crossed the frontiers Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my land, the land of the ancestors Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my people, people of eternity With the resolve of the winds and the fire of the weapons And the determination of my nation in the land of struggle Palestine is my home, and the path of my triumphal (Palestine is my home, Palestine is my fire,) Palestine is my vendetta and the land of withstanding Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my land, the land of the ancestors Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my people, people of eternity By the oath under the shade of the flag By my land and nation, and the fire of pain I will live as a warrior, I will remain a warrior, I will die as a warrior - until my country returns Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my land, the land of the ancestors Warrior, warrior, warrior, Oh my people, people of eternity
  16. how to fully devote

    Assalamu alaikum, I've been struggling for couple of months with my heart and coming back to fully devoted to Allah. I, honestly, don't know what's the problem. For years I used to be detached from Dunya, in a very good "shape" and suddenly I lost it and can't go back. In the past, for years, I had a great connection with Allah. My tawakkul was on highest level, I had that smile and peace all the time. I feared nothing... What I've done so far to get back to that state of heart is pretty typical: at least 1 hour of Quran time, tawba and repentance, a lot of gratitude, salaat normal... But it's not working. I don't feel abandoned by Allah, it's not that dark, it's more like constant laziness to do more, lack of will and forgetfulness. I have a desire to devote to Allah fully but I have no idea how. Please, don't give me typical answers like: do your regular adhkar - please read above - that's not a question. Jazakallahu Khair
  17. Sikh's And Hindu's

    This is terrible!! Those Hindus should be ashamed of themselves!!
  18. Help needed regarding am I Muslim please

    Sister: technically speaking: we're all born Muslims!! But with regards to your question: would it be possible to go to a nearby Masjid, to see if they can give you a certificate saying that you have said THE SHAHADAH? OR: maybe there's an Islamic online service that can send you a certificate? I really don't know: these are just a couple of ideas. Also, can I say that I'm so sorry about the way your parents have treated you!! And sorry that this is such a late reply: how are things going now, with your future husband: I hope everything is starting to work out well for you. Please take good care.
  19. can a man advise a woman?

    thanks. its not as if i was saying she shudnt go outside, or cover her face, or saying every women shud wear a hijab..
  20. By Shaykh Muntasir Zaman Pause for a moment, and ask yourself: what are the greatest accomplishments of the Muslim civilization? At first thought, a number of things will probably come to mind, ranging from mathematics to medicine to architecture—perhaps even coffee.[1] But unfortunately we tend to overlook one of the greatest accomplishments, if not the greatest: the isnād system. That a person, till this day, can attribute a hadīth to the Prophet and then follow it with a list of authorities reaching back successively to the source is what scholars as early as Abū Bakr al-Thaqafī (d. 309 AH)[2] described as an exclusive accomplishment of the Muslim civilization.[3] The word sanad (lit. base)[4] refers to the chain of transmitters leading to the text of a hadīth while isnād refers to the mentioning of the chain.[5] Majority of scholars, however, use both terms interchangeably.[6] Al-Bukhārī (d. 256 AH), for instance, mentions, “Makkī ibn Ibrahīm—Yazīd ibn Abī ‘Ubayd Allāh—Salamah: I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) say, ‘Whoever lies about me should prepare his abode in the fire.’”[7] In this example, the names leading to the text form the sanad of the hadith.[8] The usage of isnād began simultaneously with the transmission of the Prophet’s hadiths. Companions like Abū Salamah al-Makhzūmī (d. 3 AH),[9] and Ja‘far ibn Abī Tālib (d. 8 AH),[10]who passed away during the Prophet’s lifetime,[11] transmitted hadiths citing the Prophet as their source.[12] Furthermore, Companions who were preoccupied with their daily responsibilities would take turns to attend the gathering of the Prophet. When the present partner would relate the day’s teachings to the absent partner, he would obviously preface his words with “The Prophet said so and so.”[13] The shortness of the chain­, i.e. direct transmission from the Prophet, makes this first rudimentary usage of isnād unnoticeable. During this time, transmitters were not required to disclose their sources. That is why we find Companions like Anas ibn Mālik, who lived during the Medinan period, relate incidents from the Meccan period without citing their sources.[14] This was not an issue because even the thought of lying about the Prophet was inconceivable to the Companions.[15] Shortly after the Prophet’s demise, the Companions exercised caution vis-à-vis hadiths,[16] with Abū Bakr spearheading the initiative.[17] When al-Mughīrah ibn Shu‘bah narrated a hadith about a grandmother’s share of inheritance, Abū Bakr asked for corroboration, which Muhammad ibn Maslamah duly provided.[18] ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb also asked Abū Mūsā al-Ash‘arī for corroboration when he narrated the hadith about seeking permission thrice for entering a person’s house; in this case, Abū Sa‘īd al-Khudrī stood in his support.[19] The assassination of ‘Uthmān ibn ‘Affān (Allāh be pleased with him) in 35 AH, later described as the strife (Fitnah), marks a major shift in the course of Islamic history.[20] Until the events that led to the tragic incident, there was considerable stability throughout the Muslim world.[21]Driven by a thirst to bolster their political and theological views,[22] people thereafter began to fabricate hadiths, which prompted scholars to exercise even further caution. Recounting this delicate phase, Ibn Sīrīn (d. 110 AH) explains, “In the early period, no one would ask about isnād. But when the strife[23] occurred people would say, “Name for us your sources.”[24] It is understood from Ibn Sīrīn’s words that the practice of citing one’s source, or isnād, for a hadīth existed before the Fitnah, but was not a requirement—it was within the discretion of a transmitter.[25] During the first century AH, the isnād system had fully developed and formed part and parcel of the transmission of hadiths.[26] Until a hadith was supported by an isnād, it held no weight in the sight of Hadīth scholars.[27] In this respect, ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mubārak (d. 181 AH) made the proverbial remark, “Isnād is part of religion. Were it not for isnād, a person could say whatever he wanted. If you ask him, ‘Who told you this?’ He cannot reply.”[28] Sufyān al-Thawrī (d. 161 AH) said, “Isnād is the weapon of a believer. When he is not equipped with his weapon, how will he combat?”[29] The emphasis scholars placed on isnād in the field of Hadīth had rippling effects on other disciplines, like Qur’ānic exegesis, jurisprudence, history, and poetry. The leading exegete, Ibn Jarīr al-Tabarī (d. 310 AH), for instance, when quoting an opinion on the commentary of a verse, couples it with a chain of transmission that traces back to the source.[30] The extent this emphasis permeated even the most mundane subjects is at times unbelievable. A collection of stories about love entitled “Masāri‘ al-‘Ushshāq” where the author, Abū Muhammad al-Sarrāj (d. 500 AH), painstakingly cites lengthy chains of transmission is a case in point.[31] An argument has been put forward for the usage of isnād before the advent of Islām, in an attempt to negate the notion that it is an exclusively Islāmic accomplishment. To this end, examples are adduced from pre-Islāmic poetry,[32] Jewish scripture[33] and Hindu literature.[34]These examples, however, are not substantive; there is a stark contrast between the isnāds employed in these examples and how Muslims used isnāds. The fifth century Andalusian polymath, Ibn Hazm (d. 456 AH), explains what is meant by the exclusivity of isnād among Muslims.[35] From six forms of transmission, he writes, three are exclusive to Muslims. The third form deserves particular attention, “Transmission from the Prophet via reliable narrators, each disclosing the name and lineage of the informant, and each of known status, person, time, and place.”[36] More simply put, Muslims may not have been the first to use isnād per se—for argument’s sake—but they were definitely the first to give it value by providing unbroken chains and documenting detailed accounts of the narrators, better known as the field of al-Jarh wa al-Ta‘dīl (accreditation and criticism). After all, what use is a list of narrators when nothing is known about them save their names? The Muslim civilization is truly unrivalled in its documentation of the biographical information of Hadīth transmitters. Aloys Sprenger (d. 1893 CE), the celebrated Western academic and critic of Islam, could not help but acknowledge this unparalleled accomplishment. He writes: The glory of the literature of the Mohammedans is its literary biography. There is no nation, nor has there been any which like them has during twelve centuries recorded the life of every man of letters. If the biographical records of the Musalmans were collected, we should probably have accounts of the lives of half a million of distinguished persons, and it would be found that there is not a decennium of their history, nor a place of importance which has not its representatives.[37] Before concluding, it will be beneficial to address two issues. First, as the science of Hadīth developed, a hadīth was identified with its isnād and not its text (matn). [38] The growth of isnāds was a natural outcome of transmission: assuming one Companion imparted a hadith to five students who in turn did the same, etcetera, the number of routes would have increased exponentially. Through the process of transmission, therefore, the number of isnāds multiplied without an increase in the number of texts.[39] Consequently, when ‘Abd al-Rahmān ibn Mahdī said, “I know thirteen hadīths via al-Mughīrah ibn Shu‘bah from the Prophet regarding wiping on the socks,”[40] he was referring to a single text transmitted through thirteen different channels.[41] Keeping this technicality in mind will allow us to understand what scholars meant when they described the staggering number of hadīths they knew, such as al-Bukhārī’s memorization of one-hundred thousand authentic hadiths[42] or Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s compilation of his Musnad from a pool of seven-hundred thousand hadīths.[43] Furthermore, apart from Prophetic hadiths, included in these large numbers are the statements of the Companions and Successors.[44] Second, simply citing a chain of transmission for a report, be it a hadith or otherwise, does not necessitate its authenticity. This is more so in the case of books like Ibn Jarīr al-Tabarī’s Tārīkh al-Umam wa al-Mulūk—a primary source for subsequent historians—where the author gathers all available reports as transmitted to him and then consigns the responsibility of analyzing the chains of transmission to the reader.[45] But at the same time, it should be remembered that the isnād system, as Anwar Shāh al-Kashmīrī (d. 1933 CE) would often remind his students, was formally instituted to prevent the inclusion of extra-Islamic material, not to remove established Islamic teachings.[46] https://www.darultahqiq.com/isnad-system-unbroken-link-prophet/ [1] See: 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World, pp.12, 64, 198. [2] Al-Baghdādī, Sharaf Ashāb al-Hadīth, p.40. On the identity of Abū Bakr al-Thaqafī, see: Abū Ghuddah, al-Isnād min al-Dīn, p.23. Al-Thaqafī relates the idea of exclusivity from an earlier unidentified source. Muhammad ibn Hātim ibn al-Mufażaffar and Abū Tālib al-Makkī (d. 386 AH) have made similar remarks [al-Baghdādī, Sharaf Ashāb al-Hadīth, p.40; al-Makkī, Qūt al-Qulūb, vol.1, p.385]. I have yet to locate Muhammad ibn Hātim’s exact date of demise. Thus far, the following is some available data: (1) he reportedly narrates from Yahyā ibn Ma‘īn (d. 233 AH) [al-Bayhaqī, Shu‘ab al-mān, vol.4, p.362]; (2) Abū al-‘Abbās al-Daghūlī (d. 325 AH) [Al-Baghdādī, Sharaf Ashāb al-Hadīth, p.40] and Halīm ibn Dāwūd al-Kashshī (d. 357 AH) [Ibn Mākūlā, al-Ikmāl, vol.2, p.492] narrate from him. [3] Ibn Hibbān, al-Majrūhīn, vol.1 p.30; al-Hākim, al-Mustadrak ‘alā al-Sahīhayn, vol.1, p.41; al-Kattānī, Fahras al-Fahāris, vol.1, p.80. [4] Ibn Jamā‘ah, al-Manhal al-Rawī, p.30. There are three possible linguistic origins for the term sanad: elevation/raise, base/authority, and harshness/strength. See: al-Jawnfūrī, Nawādir al-Hadīth, p.37. [5] Al-Thanawī, Kashfshāf Istilihāt al-Funūn wa al-‘Ulūm, p.984; Abū Ghuddah, al-Isnād min al-Dīn, p.14. [6] Ibn al-‘Ajamī, Hashiyah ‘alā Tadrīb al-Rāwī, vol.3, p.89. For more on both terms, see: al-Suyūtī, Tadrīb al-Rāwī [with editor’s footnotes], vol.2, pp.31-33; al-Qārī, Sharh Sharh al-Nukhbah, pp.159-160; al-Jawnfūrī, Nawādir al-Hadīth, pp.37-38; Tāriq ibn ‘Awad Allāh, Sharh Lughat al-Muhaddith, pp.62-63. Be it as it may, as Shams al-Dīn al-Sakhāwi (d. 902 AH) explains, this is a flexible matter. See: al-Sakhāwī, Fath al-Mughīth, vol.1, p.23. [7] Al-Bukhārī, al-Jāmi‘ al-Musnad al-Sahīh, vol.1 p.33. [8] Abū Ghuddah, al-Isnād min al-Dīn, p.14. [9] Al-Tirmidhī, al-Sunan, vol.5, p.414; cf. al-Mizzī, Tuhfat al-Ashrāf, no.6577. [10] Ahmad, al-Musnad, vol.3, p.262; cf. Ibn Hajar, Ithāf al-Maharah, vol.4, p.75/Itrāf al-Musnid al-Mu‘talī, vol.2, p.208. [11] In Tadrīb al-Rāwī, Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūtī dedicated chapter 92 to the hadiths of those Companions who passed away during the Prophet’s lifetime. See: al-Suyūtī, Tadrīb al-Rāwī, vol.5, pp.635-636. He is said to have also authored a book on the subject. See: Hājī Khalīfah, Kashf al-Zunūn, vol.2, p.1683. [12] Fallātah, al-Wad‘ fī al-Hadīth, vol.2, pp.15-19. [13] See, for instance, al-Bukhārī, al-Jāmi‘ al-Musnad al-Sahīh, vol.1, p.29; al-A‘żamī, On Schacht’s Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence, p.155. [14] Fallātah, al-Wad‘ fī al-Hadīth, vol.2, p.19. [15] Al-Barā’ ibn ‘Āzib said, “We did not hear from the Prophet everything we narrate from him directly. We heard from him, and our companions would also narrate to us [from him]. But we would not lie.” See: Ahmad, al-‘Ilal wa Ma‘rifat al-Rijāl, vol.2, p.410. Anas ibn Mālik said, “By Allah, we would not lie. We did not know what lying was.” See: al-Fasawī, al-Ma‘rifah wa al-Tārīkh, vol.2, pp.633-634. For a study of the alleged reports of fabrication during the Prophet’s lifetime, see: Abū Ghuddah, Lamahat, pp.56-65. [16] On the report of ‘Alī ibn Abī Tālib taking an oath from a narrator before accepting his hadiths, see: al-Bukhārī, al-Tārīkh al-Kabīr, vol.2, p.54. [17] Al-Dhahabī, Tadhkirat al-Huffāż, vol.1, p.9. [18] Al-Tirmidhī, al-Sunan, vol.3, p.491. [19] Mālik, al-Muwatta’, vol.5, p.1403. For an important clarification on these and other similar reports, see: al-Suyūtī, Tadrīb al-Rāwī, vo.2, p.188; al-Sibā‘ī, al-Sunnāh wa Makānatuhā fī al-Tashrī‘ al-Islāmī, pp.85-89. [20] Abū Ghuddah, Lamahāt, p.73. [21] See: Mullā Khātir, Bid‘at Da‘wā al-I‘timād ‘alā al-Kitāb Dūn al-Sunnāh, p.18. [22] Mustafā al-Sibā‘ī enumerates seven factors that prompted the fabrication of hadīths. See: al-Sibā‘ī, al-Sunnah wa Makānatuhā fī al-Tashrī‘ al-Islāmī, pp.96-105. [23] There is considerable debate on the interpretation of ‘Fitnah’ in the words of Ibn Sīrīn. Some scholars opine that it refers to the assassination of ‘Uthmān ibn ‘Affān. See: Abū Ghuddah, Lamahāt, p.73. Based on a statement of Ibrāhim al-Nakha‘ī that people only began asking for isnād during the era al-Mukhtār ibn Abī ‘Ubayd al-Thaqafī (d. 67 AH), some argue for a later date. See: Ahmad, al-‘Ilal wa Ma‘rifat al-Rijāl, vol.3, p.380. With variations on the specific date, many contemporary scholars agree that fabrication began around the year 40 AH. Mujīr al-Khatīb explains that sparks of fabrication began during the period of the Successors when the first wave of trials and innovations surfaced; thus, leaving the date abstract so as to include the various opinions is more preferable. See: al-Hasanī, Ma‘rifat Madār al-Isnād, vol.1, p.385. For a study of Orientalist views on the date of the origins of isnād, see: al-A‘żamī, Studies In Early Hadīth Literature, pp.216-217/On Schacht’s Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence, pp.166-168; Siddiqi, Hadīth Literature: Its Origins Development and Special Features, pp.79-80. [24] Muslim, Introduction to his Sahīh, p.11. [25] Al-A‘żamī, Studies In Early Hadīth Literature, p.217. [26] Ibid., p.213. [27] See: Abū Ghuddah, Lamahāt, p.145. Despite the weakness of a hadith’s chain of transmission, scholars at times would authenticate its contents due to external factors, like inherited practice. For more on this, see: al-Kawtharī, al-Maqālāt, pp.75-78; Abū Ghuddah, al-Ajwibah al-Fādilah, p.228 f.; Brown, Did the Prophet Say It or Not? The Literal, Historical, and Effective Truth of Hadīths in Early Sunnism, p.277; also see Haydar Hasan’s treatise in: al-Nu‘mānī, al-Imām Ibn Mājah wa Kitābuhū al-Sunan, pp.86-90. This brings to mind the priceless observation of Anwar Shāh al-Kashmīrī, “It [Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalānī’s judgment] is premised only on rules while al-Tirmidhī’s assessment is based on sense and sound intuition, and, truly, this is knowledge. And [rigid] rules are a blind man’s walking stick.” See: al-Kashmīrī, Fayd al-Bārī, vol.6, p.216/vol.4, p.130. But in the same breath, another piece of advice should not escape our attention, “Do not be like the one to whom it is said: you remembered one thing, but you forgot many things.” See: Ibid. [al-Mīrathī, al-Badr al-Sārī], vol.4, p.130. [28] Muslim, Introduction to his Sahīh, p.11. [29] Al-Baghdādī, Sharaf Ashāb al-Hadīth, p.42 [30] Abū Ghuddah, Lamahāt, pp.143-145. [31] See: al-Sarrāj, Masāri‘ al-‘Ushshāq; Siddique, Hadīth Literature, p.84. Scholars like al-Jāhiz (235 AH), Abū al-Faraj al-Asfahānī (d. 356 AH), and Ibn al-Jawzī (d. 597 AH) even cite isnāds for light hearted anecdotes. See: al-A‘żamī, On Schacht’s Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence, p.154. [32] Al-Asad, Masādir al-Shi‘r al-Jāhilī, pp.255 f.; al-A‘żamī, Studies In Early Hadīth Literature, p.212. Schoeler negates the possibility of isnāds being used by pre-Islāmic poets. See: Cook, The Opponents of the Writing of Tradition in Early Islam, pp.511-512. [33] Horovits, Alter Und Ursprung des Isnad, Der Islam, VIII, pp.39-47; Cook, The Opponents of the Writing of Tradition in Early Islam, pp.510– 512. Horovits did not provide evidence to show that these chains were not later fabrications. He does, however, write, “In the Talmudic literature, there is no idea of a chronological method, and the oldest extant work attempting such an arrangement was composed after 885 AD—more than a century later than the earliest Islamic work on isnād-critique. From this fact, and from the fact that the important Jewish works had been composed in the Islamic dominions, it may be inferred that the historical interest was due to the Islamic influence [emphasis mine].” See: Horovits, Alter, p.47; Siddiqi, Hadīth Literature, p.81, 150. [34] See: Siddiqi, Hadīth Literature, pp.78-79, 81. [35] Ibn Hazm, al-Fisal, vol.2, pp.67-70. [36] Ibid. [37] Sprenger, A Biographical Dictionary of Persons Who Knew Mohammad, vol.1, p.1. There is a degree of exaggeration in these figures, but there is no doubt that the Muslim civilization is peerless in this accomplishment. See: Abū Ghuddah, Lamahāt, p.163. [38] Abbott, Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri II, p.66; Brown, Hadīth, p.219. [39] It is difficult to determine the exact number of individual hadiths. Nevertheless, Sālih Ahmad al-Shāmī gathered the hadiths of 14 major Hadīth compilations: the six canonical books, Muwatta’ Mālik, Musnad Ahmad, the Sunans of al-Dārimī and al-Bayhaqī, the Sahīhs of Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibbān, al-Mustadrak of al-Hākim, and al-Mukhtārah of al-Diyā’ al-Maqdisī. In total, he gathered 114,194 hadīths, and after removing repetitions, there remained 28,430 hadīths. It should be noted that he did not regard the narration of two different Companions for an identical hadith as a repetition. See: al-Shāmī, Ma‘ālim al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah, p.9. [40] Al-Rāzī, al-Jarh wa al-Ta‘dīl, vol.1, p.261 [41] al-A‘żamī, Studies In Early Hadīth Literature, p.302. [42] Al-Baghdādī, Tārīkh Baghdād, vol.2, p.340. [43] Abū Musā, Khasā’is al-Musnad, p.21. [44] Shākir, Footnotes on Khasā’is al-Musnad, p.21; Abū Ghuddah, Footnotes on Mabādī’ ‘Ilm al-Hadīth wa Usūluh, p.55; al-A‘żamī, Studies In Early Hadīth Literature, p.303. [45] See: al-Tabarī, Tārīkh al-Umam wa al-Mulūk, vol.1, pp. 7-8; al-Kawtharī, al-Maqālāt, p.404. Ibn Hajar writes, “Most Hadīth scholars of the past—from 200 AH onwards—believed that citing a hadith with its chain of transmission absolved them of the responsibility [of analyzing it].” See: Ibn Hajar, Lisān al-Mīzān, vol.4 p.125; cf. ‘Awwāmah, Footnotes on Tadrīb al-Rāwī, vol.3, pp.519-520. Zayn al-Dīn al-‘Irāqī explains that although citing a hadith alongside its problematic chain without expounding on its defects is reprehensible, to do so without citing its chain at all is worse. See: al-‘Irāqī, Sharh al-Tabsirah wa al-Tadhkirah, vol.1, p.313; Brown, Did the Prophet Say It or Not? The Literal, Historical, and Effective Truth of Hadīths in Early Sunnism, pp.281-282. [46] Abū Ghuddah, al-Ajwibah al-Fādilah, p.238.
  21. Arabic Quran Skype Lessons

    Masha Allah .May God bless your services.and You are doing a good job in teaching the Quran online via your Islamic teachers. Thanks
  22. I am developing a game about Palestine Resistance

    Fursan al-Aqsa - The History of Palestine Assalamu Alaykum Brothers and Sisters. With the help of my father, who made some slight adjustments to the game's narrative, I made a new trailer to let players get more immersed on the Palestine x israel Conflict itself. I made the trailer on 3 languages (Arabic, English and Portuguese), which you can watch all of them on the video sections of Fursan al-Aqsa IndieDB profile here: https://www.indiedb.com/games/fursan-al-aqsa-knights-of-al-aqsa-mosque/videos Fursan al-Aqsa - The History of Palestine - English Trailer https://www.indiedb.com/games/fursan-al-aqsa-knights-of-al-aqsa-mosque/videos/fursan-al-aqsa-the-history-of-palestine-english-trailer And here follows the announcement: https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/fursan_aqsa_bostonfig_2021_final.png Fursan al-Aqsa at [at]BostonFIG 2021 My game will be showcased at BostonFIG, one of the biggest Independent Games Festival on the United States! This is indeed another milestone for my project. Register here: https://eventbrite.com/e/bostonfig-fest-virtual-tickets-129017660295 I will wait you there, so you can talk with me, ask questions about the game, my motivations for this project, and so on. Next step will be make a new trailer about the game protagonist's history, and the motivations which made him fight against israel Army. Last, but not least, after a long time, I updated and revamped my game's Website (and I even customized my game's profile on IndieDB, to make it's design as close as possible to the site's design), to make it a showcase for the upcoming events and games festivals on which my game #FursanAqsaGame will be showcased: https://www.fursanaqsa.com/ Jazakom Allah Khayr and until next update.
  23. As Salam Alaikum

  24. I am developing a game about Palestine Resistance

    Fursan al-Aqsa - Mossad Office Teaser This is a small teaser for the Third Mission of Fursan al-Aqsa Campaign Mode. This is a Mossad Office located in Telaviv. Your mission is to infiltrate in this Office and find some important documents about a big attack israel is preparing against the Old City of Jerusalem. This mission is one of the best missions of the game, because the disguise mechanics (in the best Hitman Style). I hope you enjoy, Insha Allah. https://www.indiedb.com/games/fursan-al-aqsa-knights-of-al-aqsa-mosque/videos/fursan-al-aqsa-mossad-office-teaser #FursanAqsaGame #UE3 #UE4 #UnrealEngine #gamedev #indiegame #indie #3dsMax #MAYA #Autodesk #PalestineFree #Intifada
  25. can a man advise a woman?

    Brother: I think that you were absolutely correct in trying to advise this sister to not wear tight clothing.
  26. Online Quran Teacher

    Noor Academy Pakistan is a non-partisan organization, we are not part of any group, Islamic organization, or masajids. We welcome all Muslim students interested in learning the Quran through online classes. We are a team of dedicated workers from project management and tutors to deliver online Quran classes. This team functions with the guidance of many of the tutors for providing quality services to our Muslim brothers and sisters interested to learn the Holy quraan with ease of learning at home. visit https://nooracademypakistan.com/ Highly Qualified Educators We know that learning is easier when you have an excellent teacher. That's why most of our educators have achieved an advanced degree in their field. Our instructors are passionate about the subjects they teach and bring this enthusiasm into their courses. Wide Variety of Courses Whether you're looking for Basic Quran Nazra, Quran Hifz ,Tajweed, Basics of Islamic, Islamic Studies, Quran Studies or Home work support in any other academic, a best we can help. All of our courses are customizable for your needs to make sure you learn with your own pace Who can Join us Male or Female , Adults and Kids of any age can join our academy to learn or to improve their proficiency in Quran e Pak reading. We accept slow learners and people with special needs. How online classes worked At an agreed time, teacher and student come online. With help of VOIP software like Skype, They talk to each other just like a telephone conversation but through computer and a screen sharing software makes them enable to see the same lesson on their computer screen .Teacher can highlight letters and words to the Qur’an to enhance the understanding of the student. visit https://nooracademypakistan.com/
  27. I am developing a game about Palestine Resistance

    Fursan al-Aqsa - Mossad Office Map Update Assalamu Alaykum Brothers! Here follows some Screenshots of Mossad Office, the 3rd Campaign Mission of #FursanAqsaGame, with better lighting, new shaders, textures and Mission Objectives. #UE3 #UE4 #UnrealEngine #gamedev #indiegame #indie #3dsMax #MAYA #Autodesk #Raytracing #FreePalestine https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_1.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_2.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_3.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_4.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_5.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_6.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_7.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_8.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_9.png https://media.indiedb.com/images/games/1/73/72158/Fursan_al-Aqsa_-_Showcase_Mossad_Office_Update_10.png
  1. Load more activity