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M. Siddiqi

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About M. Siddiqi

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  1. A Job

    As Salamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah, I SINCERELY advise you to stay where you are.
  2. Islamic Birth Rituals

    (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?ref=7889&ln=eng"]Islamic actions for welcoming a new baby[/url] (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?cref=371&ln=eng"]‘Aqeeqah and rulings on the new-born[/url]
  3. Sources Of Knowledge

    Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu, I think (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?ln=eng"]Islam QA[/url] is the best source of knowledge online. It is available in many different languages. There is also (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetsalafimanhaj(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/"]Salafi Manhaj[/url], (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetsalafipublications(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/sps/"]Salafi Publications[/url], (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetbakkah(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/"]Bakkah(contact admin if its a beneficial link)[/url], (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yettherighteouspath(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/home/"]The Righteous Path[/url].
  4. The anti-Islam Dutch film – comment, criticism and advice Question: A Dutch film has recently been released that maligns Islam and Muslims, and describes them as terrorists. What is your advice to the Muslims concerning this matter?. Answer: Praise be to Allaah. Firstly: The conflict between truth and falsehood is an ancient one. The troops of falsehood continue to confront the truth at all times and in all places. But Allaah caused them to be defeated by the strength of the truth and He hurls the truth against falsehood and destroys it, so it is bound to vanish. Ever since Iblees was humiliated and refused to respond to the command of Allaah to prostrate to Adam (peace be upon him), he began to plot against the truth and its followers. Iblees asked his Lord for a respite, not so that he could repent, but so that he could plot, and increase the number of his followers and bring them into the Fire of Allaah, where he will stand and address them, saying: “ ‘Verily, Allaah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allaah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoers)’†[ibraaheem 14:22]. Secondly: Islam has faced many great plots, but Allaah has guaranteed to protect His religion, because He has made it the best of religions and the final religion. Thirdly: Here we are dealing with a new incident, but it will not be the last, because of the devils among mankind and the jinn and their ultimately hopeless attempts to impugn this religion, this Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and this Holy Book. This incident is what has been wrought by the sinful hands of a man called Geert Wilders, the leader of the “Freedom†Party, which is a right-wing, racist Dutch party. He wanted to slander this great religion in order to become well known and to make political gains, but Allaah foiled him and he will be foiled time and again, in sha Allaah. This hater made a short film of seventeen minutes about Islam and the Qur’aan, filled with lies and fabrications, and he called it “Fitnahâ€! If what he said was presented to an academic institution or university, he would deserve to be rebuked and scorned, because of his lack of objectivity, and because of his distortion of facts. His film starts and ends with an offensive image of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that was drawn by the sinful, criminal hands of the Danish artist. At the beginning it shows a bomb in the turban of the so-called picture of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), where the fuse has just been lit. At the end of the film, the fuse has burnt down, then it explodes. Thus he wants to send the despicable message that Islam came to wreak havoc and destruction, and that remaining silent about it will lead to the demise of non-Muslim civilizations and nations. Fourthly: We can divide our opinions about this evil film into a number of categories: 1. Verses which are quoted out of context and their meanings distorted. For example: (a) The first verse to be quoted in his film is (interpretation of the meaning): “And make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war (tanks, planes, missiles, artillery) to threaten the enemy of Allaah and your enemy, and others besides…†[al-Anfaal 8:60]. The quotation reaches this point but does not complete it. He wants to highlight the word “threaten†to indicate that Islam equals terrorism, which is how many haters and ignorant people want to label Islam. We are not ashamed of what is in the Book of Allaah and we do not deny this verse, rather we worship Allaah by reciting it, and we ask Him to help us to act in accordance with it. But we reject his quoting this part of it on the basis of two things, to keep the discussion short: Firstly, what he is denouncing Islam for is something that is done by all great and mighty nations. They produce lethal weapons, atomic bombs, planes, submarines and so on, to defend themselves and to threaten their enemies lest anyone attack them. This is what is meant in this verse. The kaafirs who occupy Muslim lands could not have dared to do so except when the Muslims ceased to implement this verse. The most recent example of that is Iraq, where they put pressure on the government to destroy their weapons and missiles, then when that had been done and confirmed, they invaded and occupied the land, and mistreated its people. Secondly, understanding the context of the verse properly will prove wrong the label of terrorism that he wants to apply to Islam, as he and his gang understand it. The verse which comes directly after this one says (interpretation of the meaning): “But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in Allaah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower†[al-Anfaal 8:61]. (b) The second verse that is heard in the film is (interpretation of the meaning): “Surely, those who disbelieved in Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), We shall burn them in Fire. As often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for other skins that they may taste the punishment. Truly, Allaah is Ever Most Powerful, All‑Wise†[al-Nisa’ 4:56]. The deception here is that this movie director quotes this verse to show viewers that Islam enjoins burning those who go against it until their skin is cooked, and this is something that Allaah has prescribed for them. This may be refuted on two counts: Firstly, what he does is a foolish deception, because in this verse Allaah is speaking of the punishment of the kaafirs on the Day of Resurrection, not in this world. It is followed by mention of the reward of the believers who affirm His Oneness (Tawheed): “But those who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah — Islamic Monotheism) and do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), abiding therein forever. Therein they shall have Azwaajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives), and We shall admit them to shades wide and ever deepening (Paradise)†[al-Nisa’ 4:57]. Secondly, even the briefest pondering of this verse will show the lies, fabrications and misquotations of this director. In this verse, Allaah says “We shall change them for other skinsâ€. Are the Muslims able to change the skins of those whose skins are burned in this world?! 2. Fabricated pictures, or pictures that do not show what he is trying to prove, or that show things which are denounced in Islam altogether For example: (a) Pictures of a group of Raafidis – Shi’ah – wounding themselves and their children with sharp tools, causing their heads to bleed, in a disgusting scene. This is not part of our religion, rather it is done by some of those who call themselves Muslims out of ignorance and misguidance on their part. The picture which shows swords being held aloft covered with blood is also an image of the Shi’ah on their special occasions, but the lying filmmaker wants to make people think that these are Muslims and that they have just finished a party where kaafirs’ heads were cut off. (b) Another ridiculous and clearly false image is the picture of Muslim women in niqaab waving placards on which it is written “God bless Hitlerâ€! We say: This is clearly a lie and a fabrication. In our religion we are forbidden to pray for the one who dies a kaafir. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allaah’s forgiveness for the Mushrikoon, even though they be of kin, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief)†[al-Tawbah 9:113]. How can women who wear niqaab and adhere to the rulings of Islam pray for blessing for Hitler? 3. Video clips, some of which contain facts which cannot be doubted and others contain distortion of facts and deceive viewers. For example: (a) A fabricated meeting with a little girl. It is obvious that they have not presented her or fabricated her story very well, for two reasons: Firstly, she is wearing hijab, and they are asking her about her religion. It is obvious that she is acting. Secondly, the child who was acting was asked about her opinion of Jews and Christians and she said that they are monkeys and pigs. This is not part of our religion; Islam does not say that the Jews and Christians are monkeys and pigs, rather it says that a group of Jews in the past tried to use tricks to circumvent the laws of their Lord, so Allaah punished them by turning them into monkeys. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And indeed you knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath (i.e. Saturday). We said to them: ‘Be you monkeys, despised and rejected’†[al-Baqarah 2:65] “So when they exceeded the limits of what they were prohibited, We said to them: ‘Be you monkeys, despised and rejected’†[al-A’raaf 7:166]. (b) Showing video clips out of context, such as the clip of a khateeb (preacher) who brandishes a sword and threatens the kuffaar. This Shaykh is well known. He was Iraqi and he waved the sword during his khutbah (sermon) to encourage the people to fight against the kuffaar who are occupying his country, and he was killed by the Raafidis – may they get from Allaah what they deserve. What does he expect the Muslims to do if their land is occupied? Give up their wealth and their honour, and wait to be killed, or approve and forgive the criminal occupier?! No, Islam is a religion of pride and dignity, and the Muslims refuse to be humiliated; they have no alternative but to fight the occupier. This is confirmed by every religion and law on earth. In fact the leader of the occupation himself said, “If my country were occupied I would fight the occupier.†If we assume that he would indeed fight and not run away, he is only speaking the truth, i.e., that the occupier is to be fought. What is wrong with the Muslims fighting a jihad against those who occupy their land? Fifthly: The main ideas of the film are all aimed at insulting Islam by mocking and making fun of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him); by reviling the Qur’aan and calling it a “fascist†book, as it says in the film; and by warning of the danger of Masjids. All of that the filmmaker tries to do in his short film by use of video clips, moving images and the accompanying music, but he fails miserably, because he uses lies, falsification and deceit, which will never be accepted by the viewer, even if he is a kaafir. But Allaah has caused his plot to backfire, because the people in Holland are rushing to buy Islamic books and copies of the Qur’aan, to see what is in them, and they will see in them that which will show the falseness and fabrication of what this failed filmmaker has produced. This has indeed happened; three people from that country became Muslim after watching the film, and Dutch companies have threatened to take this filmmaker, who is also an MP, to court if Muslim countries boycott their products. Thus this MP will be humiliated and shamed, and the evil plot will not affect anyone but its authors. Sixthly: Allaah has clearly supported His religion. Since the launch of the movie was announced, non-Muslim organizations, governments and individuals have denounced this filmmaking MP, and stated that Islam has nothing to do with violence and terrorism, and that Muslims themselves are victims of terrorism as well as others. Among those who have denounced and objected to the actions of this filmmaking MP is the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, who said strong words against it; the Secretary of the United Nations; the European Union; and a number of politicians, leaders and countries. Satellite channels, both public and private, have refused to show this film, and he could only find one web site that would publish it. In Mufakkirat al-Islam (Saturday 22 Rabee’ al-Awwa; 1429 AH/29 March 2008), it says: In Brussels, the European Parliament condemned this offensive film, and the President of the Parliament, Hans-Gert Pöttering, attacked the Dutch MP Wilders, saying: The contents of the film seem designed to stir up the religious sensitivities of Muslims in the Netherlands, Europe and worldwide. He added: On behalf of the European Parliament, I emphatically refuse to accept the film’s message that Islam is a violent religion – indicating that he fully endorsed the statement of the Dutch government which rejected the film “Fitnahâ€. Similarly, the European Union issued a statement that it regarded the fifteen-minute-long film as hostile and offensive to Islam, and likely to spread hate. End quote. As for the Muslims, they took action to denounce and condemn the film, and they issued statements and warnings against continuing to malign the symbols of our religion. Some countries threatened to cut ties with the Netherlands, and MPs in some countries demanded the expulsion of the Dutch ambassador and boycotts of Dutch products. Despite the weakness and disunity in which the Muslims are living, this was regarded as great support for Islam, as there are people among both the kuffaar and the Muslims who are defending our religion. The Prime Minister of the Netherlands himself sent a letter to the Shaykh of al-Azhar, stating that his government objected to the production and showing of this film, and that a case had been brought before the Dutch courts. How would the situation be if the Muslims were truly united and they had the strength to instil respect and awe in the hearts of those haters and fabricators? Seventhly: It seems to us that this lying MP wanted to achieve certain aims by making this film, including the following: 1. Personal gain, fame and victory at the polls. 2. Pleasing the Jews. That is obvious in his film, as in a number of clips he expresses sympathy for them. But they are occupiers and criminals. At the same time as he speaks of killing by Muslims, he forgets or pretends to forget two things: (i) That the one who burned millions of Jews was a Christian, namely Hitler, who said in his book Mein Kampf that this was on the orders of God! (ii) That the Jews killed and expelled a great number of Muslims, and they were not ashamed to call their latest battle against Gaza a “holocaustâ€. 3. Alerting the West to the high percentages of Muslims in their countries, and saying that large numbers of Muslims poses a danger to Europe. 4. Alerting Europe in general, and the Netherlands in particular, to the spread of Masjids in their lands. This is clear from his showing pictures of Masjids in the Netherlands, to warn of their presence. 5. Attempting to ban circulation of Qur’aans in Europe, and computing the Holy Qur’aan to Hitler’s book Mein Kampf! Hence he describes the Qur’aan as “fascistâ€, which is a word that is indicative of violence and harshness Allaah has humiliated this filmmaking MP by means of this pathetic work that is filled with lies and fabrications. People will see the difference between lies and the truth when they read the Holy Qur’aan and what has been written about Islam and about him by the wise among their own people. This film will motivate them to read and find out, in sha Allaah, and perhaps it will be the cause of many being saved from misguidance. Eighthly: The basic message of this film is to describe Islam as a terrorist and violent religion. But this is no more than a fabrication. Islam is the religion of mercy, justice and humanity. It is what saved the people of other religions from the injustice and wrongdoing of their rulers, as happened in Andalusia, Egypt and other countries in which people of other groups were badly mistreated, including the Jews. israel Wolfenson says: The minor losses incurred by the Jews in the Hijaz are insignificant in comparison with the benefits that the Jews gained with the emergence of Islam. The Muslim conquerors saved thousands of Jews who were spread throughout the lands of the Roman Empire, and who were faced with all kinds of persecution. Al-Yahood wa’l-Tahaaluf ma’a al-Aqwiya’ by Dr. Nu’maan ‘Abd al-Razzaaq al-Saamara’i, quoted in an article by Professor Khaalid Joodah, al-Faariq al-Insaani bayna Hadaarat al-Islam wa Thaqaafat al-Gharb. Islam is not a religion which accepts humiliation, and jihad for the sake of Allaah is one of its main principles and one of the greatest of deeds in Islam. It is prescribed in order to protect the Muslims from their enemies, to convey the religion of Allaah, and to spread the word of Tawheed (divine Oneness) throughout the world. Islam does not say that people must be forced to enter it, because one of the conditions of Islam (being Muslim) is sincerity, and if there is no sincerity then one is a hypocrite among the ranks of Muslims, and Islam does not want this base characteristic among its followers. On the other hand, we find that priests and monks have played a part in forcing people to accept Christianity in Europe and elsewhere, and the numbers of people who were slain in pursuit of this aim is very great indeed; historians say that they are between 7 and 15 million! Another obvious wrong is focusing on the mistakes of some Muslims who were denounced by Muslim scholars and leaders for killing innocent people and attributing that to Islam – as happens in some clips in the film about the bombs on the trains in London and Madrid and the like. All of that was denounced by Muslim scholars, even though these deeds were a reaction against wrongdoing and oppression. At the same time they ignore those who were slain in the First and Second World Wars in which tens of millions died – 14 million in WW1 and 55 million in WW2. Those wars were not between the Muslims and Christians, rather they were amongst themselves. They did not make any mention either of the people killed in Japan by the American Atomic bombs, or the “Red Indians†(Native Americans) killed by the Americans, or the Asian people also killed by the Americans, or those who were killed by colonialists and occupiers. They ignore the destruction and terrorism wrought by the crusader attacks against Muslim lands; they ignore what America and its allies are doing today in Afghanistan and Iraq; what the Serbs did with the blessing of the priests in Bosnia; and much, much more. If there are things that history may forget about, it can never forget what the Inquisition did, especially in Spain. Gustave le Bon says in his book Arab Civilization: Ferdinand promised to give the Arabs freedom of religion and language, but in 1499 the persecution of the Arabs began, which lasted for centuries, and which did not end until the Arabs had been expelled from Spain. It started with forcing Arabs to be baptized, then the Inquisition ordered that many of those who had been baptised be burned on the grounds that they were not really Christians. This “purging by fire†continued slowly because it was not possible to burn millions of Arabs in one go. The “pious†Cardinal of Toledo, who was the head of the Inquisition, advised cutting off the heads of all the Arabs who did not become Christian, men, women, old people and children. The Dominican monk Baleda did not think that this was sufficient, and advised that the Arabs who had become Christian should also be beheaded, as well as those who had remained Muslim. His reason for doing so was that it was impossible to know whether the faith of those Arabs who had become Christian was sincere, so it was preferable to kill all of the Arabs with the sword, so that God could judge between them in the afterlife, and send to Hell those whose Christianity was not sincere! We can only admit that we cannot find such vicious conquerors who should be condemned for unlawful slaughter like that committed against the Muslims! Hadaarat al-‘Arab (p. 270-272) Anyone who thinks about it now will find that the terrorists are people of other religions, Christians, Jews, Hindus and Sikhs; he will find that the Muslims are the victims of this terror. When will the sleepers wake up?! When with the heedless become aware? We said to this lying MP who is calling us to rip the terrorist pages out of the Holy Qur’aan – as he claims: Come and let us see what your Holy Bible says about terrorism: If you are a Jew who believes in the Old Testament, then see what is attributed to the Lord, when He said to Moses in Deuteronomy 20:10, 16-17: “When you march up to attack a city, make its people an offer of peace … However, in the cities of the nations the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, do not leave alive anything that breathes. 17 Completely destroy them—the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites—as the LORD your God has commanded you.†If you are a Christian and want something from the New Testament, then here are some texts from it. In Matthew 10:34-36, it is narrated that Jesus (peace be upon him) said: “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. 35 For I have come to turn 'a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law 36 a man's enemies will be the members of his own household.†For more information see al-Sayf bayna al-Qur’aan wa’l-Kitaab al-Muqaddas by Dr. Habeeb ‘Abd al-Malik. (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetelforkan(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/7ewar/showthread.php?t=7597"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetelforkan(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/7ewar/showthread.php?t=7597[/url] Ninthly: What the Muslims should do now is: 1. Not cause problems in their own countries, such as demonstrations in which property is destroyed or blood is shed. 2. Refer the matter to scholars and wise men to deal with it, or something similar. 3. Strive to adhere to Islam in word and deed, which means taking part in spreading Islam and annoying the kaafirs who hate Islam and the Muslims. 4. Call people to Allaah with wisdom and knowledge, distribute translations of the meanings of the Qur’aan and easy-to-read Islamic books, and seek the help of trustworthy Islamic organizations and trustworthy scholars in doing so. And Allaah is the Guide. Islam Q&A
  5. Some of the Names of Allaah and their meanings[using large font size is not allowed] Question: can you give all the meanings of attributes of Allah, including its literal and technical meaning and where it is mentioned in the quran or sunnah Answer: Praise be to Allaah. This is a question which needs a very long answer, but we will summarize it as follows: Firstly, the names of Allaah are not limited to any specific number. We know some of them and do not know others, as is indicated by the hadeeth of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘There is no one among you who, when he is stricken with distress and grief, says, “Allaahumma inni ‘abduka wabnu ‘abdika wabnu amatika naasiyati bi yadika maadin fiyya hukmuka, ‘adlun fiyya qadaa’uka. As’aluka bi kull ismin huwa laka sammayti bihi nafsaka aw allamtahu ahadan min khalqika aw anzaltahu fi kitaabika aw asta’tharta bihi fi ‘ilm il-ghayb ‘indaka an taj’al al-Qur’aana rabee’a qalbi wa noora sadri wa jilaa’a huzni wa dhahaaba hammi [O Allaah, I am Your slave, sone of Your slave and son of Your maidservant, my forelock is in Your hand. Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You named Yourself with, or You taught to any of Your creation, or revealed in Your Book, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You nmake the Qur’aan the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety]†– but Allaah will remove his distress and his grief, and will give him joy instead…†(Reported by Imaam Ahmad, 3582; it is a saheeh hadeeth). Secondly, The names of Allaah are all husnaa [Most Beautiful], as He says (interpretation of the meaning): “And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.†[al-A’raaf 7:180] The meaning of al-husnaa implies the utmost beauty, and that each name includes the quality of perfection. Al-‘Allaamah ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Naasir ibn Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Many of the names of Allaah have been mentioned in the Qur’aan, according to the context, but we also need to point out their broader meanings, so we say: The name Rabb (Lord, Cherisher) is repeated in many aayaat. The Rabb is the One Who guides and cares for all of His slaves by managing their affairs and bestowing different kinds of blessings. In a more specific sense, He cares for and guides His friends (devoted slaves) by reforming and setting straight their hearts and souls and attitudes. For this reason, many of their du’aa’s or prayers to Him address Him by this glorious Name, because they are asking Him for this specific kind of care. The name Allaah refers to the One Who is adored and worshipped, the One Who possesses the attributes of divinity and to whom all His creation is enslaved. The attributes of divinity with which He describes Himself are the attributes of perfection. Al-Malik (the Sovereign), al-Maalik (the Possessor), Alladhi lahu’l-Mulk (the One to Whom Dominion belongs). Allaah is the One Who is described with the attributes of sovereignty and dominion, which are the qualities of might and pride, subjugation and control. He is the One Who is in absolute control of creation, Who issues commands and Who rewards or punishes. The entire Universe, high and low, belongs to Him. All of them are His servants and slaves, and are utterly dependent on Him. Al-Waahid (the One), al-Ahad (the Unique). He is the One Who is uniquely and utterly and perfectly One, with no partners in His Uniqueness. His slaves are obliged to believe in His Oneness, in belief and word and deed, by recognizing that He is absolutely perfect and is unique in His oneness, and by directing all kinds of worship to Him Alone. Al-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). He is the One to Whom all of creation turns for all of their needs, for He is in and of Himself absolutely perfect, in His Names and Attributes and Deeds. Al-‘Aleem (the All-Knowing), al-Khabeer (the Aware). He is the One Whose Knowledge encompasses all things, seen and unseen, secret and open, everything that is inevitable or impossible or possible, in heaven and on earth, the past, the present and the future. Nothing whatsoever is hidden from Him. Al-Hakeem (the Wise). He is the One Who has ultimate wisdom, in His creation and in His commands. He is the One Who created everything well. “… And who is better in judgement than Allaah for a people who have firm Faith.†[al-Maa’idah 5:50 – interpretation of the meaning]. He does not create anything in vain, or legislate anything in jest. He is the One Who has Dominion in this world and the next. His ruling applies in three major spheres, in which none else has any share with Him: He judges between His slaves by means of His Law, His decree and His reward/punishment. Wisdom: He puts things in their rightful places and gives them their rightful status. Al-Rahman (the Most Gracious), al-Raheem (the Most Merciful), al-Barr (the Source of Goodness), al-Kareem (the Most Generous), al-Jawaad (the Generous), al-Ra’oof (the Compassionate), al-Wahhaab (the Bestower). These names are all close in meaning, and they all indicate that the Rabb is characterized by mercy, goodness, and generosity. They testify to the vastness of His mercy and other attributes, with which He encompasses all of His creation to the extent that His wisdom decrees, although the greater share is bestowed upon the believers in particular. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “… My Mercy encompasses all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who are the Muttaqoon (pious)…†[al-A’raaf 7:156] Blessings and goodness are all traces of His Mercy and Generosity. The good things of this world and the next are all traces of His Mercy. Al-Samee’ (the All-Hearing). He hears all voices, in all the different languages, no matter how many and how varied, when they call on Him for their needs. Al-Baseer (the All-Seeing) Who has insight into all things, not matter how small. He can see a black ant walking across the face of a rock on the darkest night. He can see what is below the seven levels of the earth and what is above the seven heavens. He is the All-Hearing and All-Seeing, Who knows who is deserving of reward or punishment according to His Wisdom. Al-Hameed (the Praiseworthy), Who is inherently deserving of praise, by His Names, Attributes and deeds. He has the Most Beautiful Names, the most perfect attributes and the most perfect and beautiful deeds. His actions always revolve around munificence and justice. Al-Majeed (the Most Glorious), al-Kabeer (the Most Great), al-‘Azeem (the Most Great), al-Jaleel (the Sublime One). These Names describe Allaah with attributes of glory, pride, greatness and majesty. He is greater than everything, more mighty, more majestic and more exalted. To Him belong glorification and exaltation in the hearts of His close friends and devoted slaves, whose hearts are filled with veneration of His might and humble submission to His glory. Al-‘Afuw (the Pardoner), al-‘Ghafoor (the Forgiver), al-Ghaffaar (the All-Forgiving), Who has always been and will always be known for His pardon and forgiveness towards His slaves. Everyone is in need of His pardon and forgiveness, as they are in need of His mercy and generosity. He has promised to forgive and pardon whoever follows the appropriate means. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And verily, I am indeed Forgiving to him who repents, believes (in My Oneness, and associates none in worship with Me) and does righteous good deeds, and then remains constant in doing them (till his death).†[Ta-Ha 20:82] Al-Tawwaab (the Acceptor of Repentance). He always accepts the repentance of those who repent and forgives the sins of those who commit sin. Allaah accepts the repentance of everyone who repents to Him sincerely. He is the One Who forgives those who repent, firstly by helping them to repent and causing their hearts to turn towards Him. After they repent, He turns to them and accepts their repentance, pardoning their sins. Al-Quddoos (the Holy) and al-Salaam (the One Free from all defects). Allaah is far above any attribute of imperfection, and He is above being likened to any of His creation. “… There is nothing like unto Him…†[al-Shoora 42:11] “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.†[al-Ikhlaas 112:4] “… Do you know of any who is similar to Him?…†[Maryam 19:65] “… Then do not set up rivals unto Allaah (in worship)…†[al-Baqarah 2:22] The names al-Quddoos and al-Salaam reject the idea that He could be lacking in any way, and they imply that He is absolutely perfect in all aspects, because once the idea of imperfection is rejected, this is proof of total perfection. Al-‘Aliyy (the Exalted), al-A’laa (the Most High). He is the One Who is completely exalted in all aspects, in His essence, in His status, in His attributes and in His dominion. He is the One Who rose over the Throne and Who dominates all things. In all the attributes of might, pride, glory and beauty that are ascribed to Him, He reaches the ultimate level. Al-‘Azeez (the Almighty), to whom belong all might and power, the power of strength, the power of dominion, the power of invincibility. None of His creatures can harm Him. He has subjugated all that exists, and the whole of creation is under His control and is subject to His might. Al-Qawiy (the Most Strong), al-Mateen (the Firm One). The meanings of these Names are similar to the meaning of al-‘Azeez. Al-Jabbaar (the Compeller). This Names includes the meanings of al-‘Aliyy, al-A’laa and al-Qahhaar. Al-Ra’oof (the Compassionate) means the One Who consoles broken hearts and supports the weak and those who seek His help and turn to Him. Al-Mutakabbir (the Majestic) is the One Who is above all bad qualities, shortcomings and faults, because of His might and pride. Al-Khaaliq (the Creator), al-Baari’ (the Inventor of all things), al-Musawwir (the Bestower of forms). He is the One Who has created from nothing all that exists, and formed it by His wisdom, praise be to Him. He has always been and will always be known by this mighty attribute. Al-Mu’min (the Guardian of Faith), Who is praised for His own sake by His perfect attributes, and by the perfection of His majesty and beauty. He sent His Messengers and revealed His Books with signs and proofs, and confirmed His Messengers with signs and proofs, to confirm the truth of the message they brought. Al-Muhaymin (the Watcher over His creatures) Who is aware of everything that is hidden and concealed, and Whose knowledge encompasses all things. Al-Qadeer (the Powerful), Whose power is perfect. By His power He created all things that exist, by His power He is controlling all things and by His power He formed them and perfected them. By His power He gives life and death, and will resurrect His slaves to receive their reward or punishment, so that those who have done well will be rewarded with good, and those who have done evil will be punished. When Allaah wills a thing, He merely says “Be!†and it is. By His power He controls people’s hearts, and He directs them as He wills. Al-Lateef (the Most Subtle and Courteous), Whose knowledge encompasses everything that is hidden and concealed. He knows everything that is secret and understands the most subtle things. He is Kind to His believing slaves and takes care of their interests by His benevolence and grace, in many ways that they are not even aware of. This Name also shares the meanings of al-Khabeer and al-Ra’oof. Al-Haseeb (the One Who takes account). He is the One Who is All-Knowing about His slaves. He is Sufficient for those who put their trust in Him, and He rewards or punishes His slaves for good and evil, according to His wisdom. He knows about all their deeds, major and minor. Al-Raqeeb (the Watchful). He is the One Who watches what is hidden in people’s hearts. “… He Who takes charge of every person and knows all that he has earned†[al-Ra’d 13:33 – interpretation of the meaning]. He protected His creation and set it in motion, running according to the most perfect system and controls. Al-Hafeez (the Preserver). He is the One Who protects what He has created and encompasses it with His knowledge. He protects His close friends from falling into sin and destruction, and gently protects them when they are active and when they are at rest. He counts the deeds of His slaves and rewards or punishes them accordingly. Al-Muheet (the Encompasser). He is the One Who encompasses all things with His knowledge, power, mercy and dominion. Al-Qahhaar (the Subduer). He is the Subduer of all things, to Whom all of creation submits because of His power and strength and the perfection of His Might. Al-Muqeet (the Provider of sustenance). He gives provision to everything that exists and directs the affairs of all as He wills. Al-Wakeel (the Trustee). He is the One Who is in a position to run the affairs of His creation, by His knowledge and the perfection of His power and His encompassing wisdom. He is the One Who is taking care of His close friends, making the right way easy for them and causing them to steer clear of the wrong way. He is taking care of all their affairs, and whoever puts his trust in Him will find that He is Sufficient for him. “Allaah is the Walee (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light…†[al-Baqarah 2:257 – interpretation of the meaning]. Dhoo’l-Jalaali wa’l-Ikraam (Possessor of Majesty and Honour), i.e., the Possessor of Might and Pride, the Possessor of Mercy and Generosity, Who is kind to everyone and to specific individuals. He honours His close friends and devoted worshippers who glorify Him, extol His greatness and love Him. Al-Wudood (the Loving). He loves His Prophets and Messengers and their followers, and they love Him. He is dearer to them than everything else. He has filled their hearts with love for Him and their tongues utter words of praise to Him. Their hearts are drawn to Him in love and sincerity and they turn in repentance to Him at all times. Al-Fattaah (the Opener). He judges between His slaves according to His laws, His decrees and His decisions concerning reward and punishment. By His Grace He opens the eyes of those who are sincere, and opens their hearts to know Him, love Him and turn to Him in repentance. He opens the door to all kinds of mercy and provision for His slaves, and generates the causes by means of which they can earn good things in this world and the next. “Whatever of mercy (i.e., good) Allaah may grant to mankind, none can withhold it, and whatever He may withhold, none can grant it thereafter…†Faatir 35:2 – interpretation of the meaning] Al-Razzaaq (the Provider), Who provides for all His slaves. There is no living creature on earth, but Allaah provides for it. His provision for His slaves is of two types: General provision, which include the righteous and immoral, the first and the last. This is the provision of physical needs. Specific provision, which is provision for the heart which is nourished with knowledge and faith, and the halaal provision which helps a person to adhere to religion. This provision is specifically for the believers, and is given to varying degrees according to His wisdom and mercy. Al-Hakam (the Judge), al-‘Adl (the Just). He judges between His slaves in this world and the next, with His justice and fairness. He does not oppress anyone in the slightest, and no one is made to bear the burden of another person’s sin. He does not punish a person more than he deserves for his sin, he restores to people their rights and does not leave anyone without restoring what is his right. He is just in His running of the universe and in His decision making. “… Verily, My Lord is on a Straight Path (the truth)…†[Hood 11:56 – interpretation of the meaning]. Jaami’ al-Naas (Gatherer of the People). He will gather all of mankind on the Day concerning which there is no doubt. He has comprehensive knowledge of their deeds and their provision, and there is nothing, major or minor, that He is not aware of. He will gather every particle of their bodies that has disappeared or been changed into something else, of all the people who have died from the earliest times until the latest times, by the perfection of His power and the vastness of His knowledge. Al-Hayy (the Ever-Living), al-Qayyoom (the Self-Sustaining). He is completely alive and sustains Himself, and He sustains and cares for the people of heaven and earth. He controls their affairs and provides for them. The name al-Hayy encompasses all the qualities of His essence and the name al-Qayyoom encompasses all the qualities of His deeds. Al-Noor (the Light). He is the Light of the heavens and of the earth, who enlightens the hearts of the ‘aarifeen (those who have proper knowledge of Him) with knowledge of Him and fills their hearts with the light of His guidance. He is the One Who illuminates the heavens and the earth with the lights that He has placed therein. His veil is Light and if it were to be removed, everything of His creation as far as He can see would be burnt, may He be glorified. Badee’ al-Samawaati wa’l-Ard (Originator of the heavens and the earth). He is the One Who created them and formed them with the utmost beauty and with the most magnificent system of organization. Al-Qaabid (the Constrictor), al-Baasit (the Expander). He is the One Who takes people’s souls, and Who provides them with ample provision and expands their hearts. All of this is in accordance with His Wisdom and Mercy. Al-Mu’ti (the Giver), al-Maani’ (the Withholder). No-one can withhold what He gives, and no one can give what He withholds. All interests and benefits are sought from Him, and the needs of all are addressed to Him. He is the One Who gives them to whomever He wills and withholds them from whomever He wills, by His Wisdom and Mercy. Al-Shaheed (the Witness). He is the One Who watches over all things and hears all voices, loud and soft. He sees all that exists, great and small alike. His knowledge encompasses all things, and He is the Witness Who sees all the deeds of His slaves, good and bad alike. Al-Mubdi’ (the Originator), al-Mu’eed (the Restorer). Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And it is He Who originates the creation, then will repeat (after it has perished)…†[al-Room 30:27] He initiated their creation, in order to test them as to which of them would be best in deeds, then He will re-create them in order to reward with good those who did well, and punish those who did evil. He is the One Who initiated His creation in stages, and Who is constantly renewing it. Al-Fa’’aal lima yureed (the One Who does whatever He wants). This has to do with the perfection of His power and the strength of His will and ability. Everything He wants, He does, with nothing to stop Him and no one to oppose Him, and with no support or help, no matter what it is. If He wants something, all he has to do is say “Be!†and it is. Although He can do whatever He wants, His will operates in conjunction with His Wisdom, may He be praised, so He is described as being completely Able and being Strong of will, but also as being completely Wise in all that He has done and will do. Al-Ghaniy (the Self-Sufficient), al-Mughni (the Enricher). He is independent in and of Himself, and is completely Independent in all aspects, because of His perfection and the perfection of His attributes. Nothing can undermine His perfection and make Him imperfect in any way whatsoever. He cannot be anything but Self-Sufficient, because this self-sufficiency is one of His essential qualities, just as He cannot be anything but the Creator, the Able, the Provider, the Kind, Who does not need anyone else at all. He is the Self-Sufficient in Whose hands are the treasures of the heavens and the earth, the treasures of this world and of the Hereafter. He gives His creation enough in general terms so that they do not have to seek help of anyone else, and He gives to specific people of the divine knowledge and realities of faith with which He has filled their hearts. Al-Haleem (the Forbearing One). He is the One Who showers His creation with blessings both apparent and hidden, in spite of their sins and many mistakes. He is Forbearing and does not punish sinners straight away for their sins. He rebukes them so that they will repent, and gives them time to turn to Him in repentance. Al-Shaakir (the Grateful), al-Shakoor (the Appreciative). He is the One Who appreciates the smallest deed, and forgives the greatest mistakes. He multiplies beyond measure the deeds of those who are sincere; He appreciates those who give thanks to Him, and He remembers those who remember Him. Whoever draws near to Him with something of righteous deeds, He draws near to him by more than that. Al-Qareeb (the Ever-Near), al-Mujeeb (the Responsive). Allaah, may He be glorified, is near to everyone, and His nearness is of two types: His nearness to everyone in a general sense, through His knowledge, watching, awareness and witnessing, which encompass all things. His nearness in a specific sense, to His slaves, those who ask help of Him and those who love Him. The true nature of this closeness cannot be understood, but its effects may be seen in His kindness towards His slave, and His care, support and help of him. Another of its effects is His response to those who call on Him and His acceptance of the repentance of those who worship Him. He is also the One Who responds in a specific way to those who respond to Him and follow His religion. He also responds to those who are in need and to those who no longer have any hope in any of His creation, and who put their trust in Him, hoping for His pleasure and fearing His wrath. Al-Kaafi (the Sufficient). He is the One Who gives His slaves all that they need. More specifically, He is Sufficient for the one who believes in Him and puts his trust in Him and asks Him for all that he needs in worldly and spiritual terms. Al-Awwal (the First), al-Aakhir (the Last); al-Zaahir (the Manifest), al-Baatin (the Hidden). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained this in a clear and comprehensive fashion when he said, addressing his Lord: “You are the First, and there is nothing before You; You are the Last, and there is nothing after You. You are the Manifest and there is nothing above You; You are the Hidden and there is nothing beneath You.†Al-Waasi’ (the All-Encompassing). His attributes and qualities, and everything that has to do with Him, are all-encompassing in such a way that no one can praise Him as He deserves, but He is as He praised Himself, vast in power, might and dominion, and vast in grace and kindness, and vast in generosity and munificence. Al-Haadi (the Guide), al-Rasheed (the Guide to the Right Path). He is the One Who guides His slaves and shows them the way to all that will benefit them, and protects them from all that will harm them. He teaches them what they do not know, and guides them to the true guidance which will help them and set them straight. He fills them with taqwa (piety) and causes their hearts to turn to Him, in response to His command. The name al-Rasheed has a meaning akin to that of al-Hakeem: He is Wise in word and deed, and all His laws are good and wise. His creation testifies to His wisdom. Al-Haqq (the Truth). He is true in and of Himself and in His attributes. His existence is undeniable, and His attributes are perfect. His existence is one of His essential qualities (He cannot but exist), and nothing else can exist except through Him. He is the One Who has always been and will always be described with attributes of majesty, beauty and perfection. He has always been and will always be known for His Kindness. His words are truth; the meeting with Him is truth; His Messengers are truth; His Books are truth; His religion is the Truth; the worship of Him Alone, with no partners or associates, is the Truth; everything that has to do with Him is truth. Allaah is the Truth and whatever else they claim to be divine besides Him is false. Allaah is the Most High, the Most Great, as He says (interpretation of the meanings): “And say: ‘The Truth is from your Lord.’ Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve…†[al-Isra’ 18:29]. “… So, after the truth, what else can there be, save error?…†[Yoonus 10:32] “And say: ‘Truth has come and falsehood has vanished. Surely, falsehood is ever bound to vanish.’â€[al-Isra’ 17:81] From Tayseer al-Kareem al-Rahmaan fi Tafseer Kalaam al-Mannaan by Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Sa’di (5/620).
  6. Importance of knowing the Beautiful Names of Allaah[using large font size is not allowed] Question: What is the importance of knowing the Beautiful Names of Allaah? Answer: Praise be to Allaah. Knowing the Beautiful Names of Allaah is very important indeed, for the following reasons: 1. Knowledge of Allaah and His Names and Attributes is the noblest and best of all knowledge, because the level of honour of any kind of knowledge has to do with the object of knowledge, and the object of knowledge in this case is Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, through His Names, Attributes and Deeds. Occupying oneself with seeking this knowledge and studying it properly is the pursuit of the highest objective, and acquiring this knowledge is one of the best gifts a person may be given. Because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) explained it very clearly and was very keen to do so, the Sahaabah never disputed in this matter as they did over some of the rulings (ahkaam). 2. Knowing Allaah makes a person love and fear Him, and put his hope in Him, and be sincere towards Him in his actions. This is the essence of human happiness. There is no way to know Allaah except by knowing His Most Beautiful Names and seeking a proper understanding of their meanings. 3. Knowing Allaah by His Most Beautiful Names increases one’s faith, as Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Believing in and knowing the Most Beautiful Names of Allaah includes the three types of Tawheed: Tawheed al-Ruboobiyyah (Unity of Divine Lordship), Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah (Unity of the Divine Nature) and Tawheed al-Asma’ wa’l-Sifaat (Unity of the Divine Names and Attributes). These three types of Tawheed form the essence and joy of faith (the word translated here as “joy†implies peace and relief from stress), and this knowledge is the basis and purpose of faith. The more a person learns about the Names and Attributes of Allaah, the more his faith increases and the stronger his conviction becomes.†(Al-Tawdeeh wa’l-Bayaan li Shajarat al-Eemaan by al-Sa’di, p. 41). 4. Allaah created His creatures to know Him and worship Him. This is what is expected from them and what they are required to do, because as Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The key to the call of the Messengers, the essence of their Message, is knowing Allaah through His Names and Attributes and Deeds, because this is the foundation on which the rest of the Message, from beginning to end, is built.†(Al-Sawaa’iq al-Mursalah ‘ala al-Jahamiyyah wa’l-Mu’attilah by Ibn al-Qayyim, 1/150-151). So when a person occupies himself with learning about Allaah, he is doing what he was created for, but if he ignores the matter, he is neglecting what he was created for. The meaning of faith is not merely to utter words without knowing Allaah, because true faith in Allaah means that the slave knows the Lord in Whom he believes, and he makes the effort to learn about Allaah through His Names and Attributes. The more he learns about his Lord, the more he increases in faith. 5. Knowledge of the Names of Allaah is the basis for all other knowledge, as Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Knowledge of the Most Beautiful Names of Allaah is the basis of all other kinds of knowledge, for the objects of all these other branches of knowledge were either created or commanded by Him (the various branches of knowledge either deal with objects created by Him or with the laws and guidance revealed by Him). The reason for creation and guidance is found in His Most Beautiful Names (because He is the Creator, He creates things; because He is the Guide to the Straight Path, He reveals guidance, and so on)… Knowing the Most Beautiful Names is the basis of all objects of knowledge, because all knowledge stems from these Names…†(Bada’i' al-Fawaa’id by Ibn al-Qayyim, 1/163). From the book Asma’ Allaah al-Husnaa, pp. 6-8.
  7. Detailed discussion of bid’ah and shirk[using large font size is not allowed] Question: can we call people who do shirk and bid'ah muslims? Answer: This question involves two issues, bid’ah (innovation) and shirk (polytheism, association of others with Allaah). A. Bid’ah. This issue may be divided into three topics: 1. Definition of bid’ah 2. Categories of bid’ah 3. Rulings on one who commits bid’ah – does that make him a kaafir or not? 1. Definition of bid’ah. Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “According to sharee’ah, the definition is ‘Worshipping Allaah in ways that Allaah has not prescribed.’ If you wish you may say, ‘Worshipping Allaah in ways that are not those of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or his rightly guided successors (al-khulafaa’ al-raashidoon).’†The first definition is taken from the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): “Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?†[al-Shooraa 42:21] The second definition is taken from the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who said: “I urge you to adhere to my way (Sunnah) and the way of the rightly-guided successors (al-khulafa’ al-raashidoon) who come after me. Hold fast to it and bite onto it with your eyeteeth [i.e., cling firmly to it], and beware of newly-invented matters.†So everyone who worships Allaah in a manner that Allaah has not prescribed or in a manner that is not in accordance with the way of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or his rightly-guided successors (al-khulafa’ al-raashidoon), is an innovator, whether that innovated worship has to do with the names and attributes of Allaah, or to do with His rulings and laws. With regard to ordinary matters of habit and custom, these are not called bid’ah (innovation) in Islam, even though they may be described as such in linguistic terms. But they are not innovations in the religious sense, and these are not the things that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was warning us against. And there is no such thing in Islam as bid’ah hasanah (good innovation).†(Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 2, p. 291) 2. Categories of bid’ah Bid’ah may be divided into two categories: (i) bid’ah which constitutes kufr (ii) bid’ah which does not constitute kufr If you ask, what is the definition of bid’ah which constitutes kufr and that which does not constitute kufr? The answer is: Shaykh Haafiz al-Hukami (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The kind of bid’ah which constitutes kufr is when one denies a matter on which there is scholarly consensus, which widely-known, and which no Muslim can have any excuse for not knowing, such as denying something that is obligatory, making something obligatory that is not obligatory, or making something haraam halaal, or making something halaal haraam; or believing some notion about Allaah, His Messenger and His Book when they are far above that, whether in terms of denial of affirmation – because that means disbelieving in the Qur’aan and in the message with which Allaah sent His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Examples include the bid’ah of the Jahamiyyah, who denied the attributes of Allaah; or the notion that the Qur’aan was created; or the notion that some of the attributes of Allaah were created; or the bid’ah of the Qadariyyah who denied the knowledge and actions of Allaah; or the bid’ah of the Mujassimah who likened Allaah to His creation… etc. The second category, bid’ah which does not constitute kufr, is defined as that which does not imply rejection of the Qur’aan or of anything with which Allaah sent His Messengers. Examples include the Marwaani bid’ahs (which were denounced by the greatest Sahaabah who did not approve of them, although they did not denounce them as kaafirs or refuse to give them bay’ah because of that), such as delaying some of the prayers until the end of the due times, doing the Eid khutbah before the Eid prayer, delivering the khutbah whilst sitting down on Fridays, etc. (Ma’aarij al-Qubool, 2/503-504) 3- The ruling on one who commits bid’ah – is he regarded as a kaafir or not? The answer is that it depends. If the bid’ah constitutes kufr, then the person is one of the following two types: (i) Either it is known that his intention is to destroy the foundations of Islam and make the Muslims doubt it. Such a person is definitely a kaafir; indeed, he is a stranger to Islam and is one of the enemies of the faith. (ii) Or he is deceived and confused; he cannot be denounced as a kaafir until proof is established against him, fair and square. If the bid’ah does not constitute kufr, then he should not be denounced as a kaafir. Rather, he remains a Muslim, but he has done a gravely evil action. If you ask, how should we deal with those who commit bid’ah? The answer is: Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “In both cases, we have to call these people – who claim to be Muslim but who commit acts of bid’ah which may constitute kufr or may be less than that – to the truth, by explaining the truth without being hostile or condemning what they are doing. But once we know that they are too arrogant to accept the truth – for Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning), ‘And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allaah, lest they insult Allaah wrongfully without knowledge.’ [al-An’aam 6:108] – if we find out that they are stubborn and arrogant, then we should point out their falsehood, because then pointing out their falsehood becomes an obligation upon us. With regard to boycotting them, that depends upon the bid’ah. If it is a bid’ah which constitutes kufr, then it is obligatory to boycott the person who does it. If it is of a lesser degree than that, then it is essential to examine the situation further. If something may be achieved by boycotting the person, then we do it; if no purpose will be served by it, or if it will only make him more disobedient and arrogant, then we should avoid doing that, because whatever serves no purpose, it is better not to do it. And also in principle it is haraam to boycott a believer, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘It is not permissible for a man to forsake [not speak to] his brother for more than three [days].’†(Adapted from Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 2, p. 293) B. Shirk, its types and the definition of each Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: “Shirk is of two types, major shirk which puts a person beyond the pale of Islam, and lesser shirk.†The first type, major shirk, is “Every type of shirk which the Lawgiver described as such and which puts a person beyond the pale of his religion†– such as devoting any kind of act of worship which should be for Allaah to someone other than Allaah, such as praying to anyone other than Allaah, fasting for anyone other than Allaah or offering a sacrifice to anyone other than Allaah. It is also a form of major shirk to offer supplication (du’aa’) to anyone other than Allaah, such as calling upon the occupant of a grave or calling upon one who is absent to help one in some way in which no one is able to help except Allaah. The second type is minor shirk, which means every kind of speech or action that Islam describes as shirk, but it does not put a person beyond the pale of Islam – such as swearing an oath by something other than Allaah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that whoever swears an oath by something other than Allaah is guilty of kufr or shirk.†The one who swears an oath by something other than Allaah but does not believe that anyone other than Allaah has the same greatness as Allah, is a mushrik who is guilty of lesser shirk, regardless of whether the one by whom he swore is venerated by people or not. It is not permissible to swear by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), or by the president, or by the Ka’bah, or by Jibreel, because this is shirk, but it is minor shirk which does not put a person beyond the pale of Islam. Another type of minor shirk is showing off, which means that a person does something so that people will see it, not for the sake of Allaah. The ways in which showing off may cancel out acts of worship are either of the following: The first is when it is applies to an act of worship from the outset, i.e., the person is not doing that action for any reason other than showing off. In this case, the action is invalid and is rejected, because of the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah which was attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), which says that Allaah said, “I am so self-sufficient that I am in no need of having an associate. Thus he who does an action for someone else’s sake as well as Mine will have that action renounced by Me to him whom he associated with Me.†(Narrated by Muslim, Kitaab al-Zuhd, no. 2985) The second is when the showing off happens later on during the act of worship, i.e., the action is originally for Allaah, then showing off creeps into it. This may be one of two cases: The first is when the person resists it – this does not harm him. For example, a man has prayed a rak’ah, then some people come along during his second rak’ah and it occurs to him to make the rukoo’ or sujood longer, or makes himself weep, and so on. If he resists that, it does not harm him, because he is striving against this idea. But if he goes along with that, then every action which stemmed from showing off is invalid, such as if he made his standing or prostration long, or he made himself weep – all of those actions will be cancelled out. But does this invalidation extend to the entire act of worship or not? We say that either of the following must apply: Either the end of his act of worship was connected to the beginning (with no pause); so if the end of it is invalidated then all of it is invalidated. This is the case with the prayer – the last part of it cannot be invalidated without the first part also being invalidated, so the whole prayer is invalid. Or if the beginning of the action is separate from the end of it, then the first part is valid but the latter part is not. Whatever came before the showing off is valid, and what came after it is not valid. An example of that is a man who has a hundred riyals, and gives fifty of them in charity for the sake of Allaah with a sound intention, then he gives fifty in charity for the purpose of showing off. The first fifty are accepted, and the second fifty are not accepted, because the latter is separate from the former.†Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Rasaa’il Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, and al-Qawl al-Mufeed Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed, vol. 1, p. 114, 1st edition[using large font size is not allowed] Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?ln=eng&QR=10843"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?ln=eng&QR=10843[/url]
  8. Al-khutoot Al-'areedah

    Al-Khutoot Al-'Areedah[using large font size is not allowed] An Exposition and Refutation of the sources upon which the Shi'ite Religion is based[using large font size is not allowed] Muhibbudeen Al-Khateeb Translated by Mahmoud Murad In the name of Allah. the Beneficent, the Merciful All praise is due to the Almighty God, Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our own selves and from our wicked deeds. Whosoever has been guided by Allah, there is none to misguide him. And whosoever has been misguided by Allah, none can guide him. And I bear witness that there is no other god except Allah, alone, without partner or associate. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger. May Allah the Exalted bestow His peace and blessings on the Prophet Muhammad, upon his good and pure family as well as upon all of the noble Companions and upon those who followed them in righteousness until the Day of Judgment. It is intended through this translation of Al-Khutoot Al-'Areedah to present to readers of English, both Muslims and non-Muslims accurate information about the faith and tenets of the Shi'ite sect known as the Twelve Imamers or Ja'faris. It is essential for the Sunni Muslim to know the fact of the Shi'ite deviation from the straight path of Islam taught by the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.a.w.s.) and his noble Companions (r.a.a.). Al-Khutoot Al-'Areedah clearly and briefly presents the actual teachings of the Shi'ites in general, and the Twelve Imamers in particular. The reader will derive from the text an unequivocal understanding of the Shi'ite sect and will distance himself from them and their beliefs. He will realize that there can be no reconciliation nor reunification of the Sunnis and the schismatic Shi'ites until and unless the latter renounce their perverse tenets. They must return to the pure unadulterated teachings of Islam held and maintained by Ahlus-Sunnah wal-lama'ah (the Sunnis). Unfortunately, it is a common view in the West that the Irani Shi'ites and their so-called Islamic" revolution with all its attendant turmoil, injustice and barbarism, are representatives of Islam. It is hoped that the non-Muslim reader of this work will come to perceive the abyss which separates the Shi'ites from the Muslim majority, and that he will no longer condemn all Muslims for the activities of one de- viant sect. (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetifol(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/e_library/Al-Khutoot_Al-A'reedah.pdf"]View Complete Ebook (36 pages)[/url] {Moderator note} This post has violated forum rule #13. Action taken. For more details, please read our (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?act=boardrules"]Forum Rules[/url].
  9. Allah's Names and Attributes in the Sunnah (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetusc.edu/dept/MSA/"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetusc.edu/dept/MSA/[/url] Author: Shaik. Ibn Taymiyah Chapter Two The Sunnah16 of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) interprets the Qur'an and clarifies it, and leads to it, and expresses its meaning. We must accept and believe in the sound Ahadith in which the Messenger (peace be upon him) described his Lord, The Almighty, The Exalted,17 such as the hadith: "Our Lord descends during the last third of each night to the lower heaven, and says: 'Is there anyone who calls on Me that I may respond to him? Is there anyone who asks Me that I may give unto him? Is there anyone who requests My Forgiveness that I may forgive him?"' (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the hadith: "Indeed, Allah is happier with the repentance of his 'abd (worshipper) than any one of you is with finding his lost riding camel." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the hadith: "Allah laughs about two men who kill each other but both enter paradise18." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the hadith: "Allah marvels about the despair of His creatures ('ibad), while the changing of their situation from bad to good is very near, He looks at you, and you are very desperate, so He keeps laughing, because He knows that your relief is very close." (Its isnad is good; reported by AhmadIbn Hanbal and others) And the hadith: "(On the Day of Judgment) when a group of unbelievers is thrown into Hell, Hell asks for more until the Lord Almighty puts His foot into it; then it folds up saying: Enough, enough'." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the hadith: "Allah The Exalted, says: 'Adam!' And Adam answers: 'Here I am, at Your service!' Then a voice calls: 'Verily! Allah orders you to send a delegate from your offspring to Hell'." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the hadith: "Allah will talk to each person directly without a mediator between them." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on curing the ill: "Our Lord Allah Who is in heaven, may Your name be sanctified, Your law is in heaven and on earth; As Your Mercy is in heaven so make Your Mercy on earth. Forgive our faults and our sins. You are the Lord of the good people, bestow some of Your Mercy, and some of Your Cure on this pain that the sick may be cured." (This hadith has good isnad, reported by Abu Dawud and others) And the hadith: "Do you not trust me, while I have the trust of Him Who is in Heaven?" (Sound hadith; reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the hadith: "The Throne is above the water, and Allah is on the Throne; He knows what you are up to." (Good hadith, reported by Abu Dawud and others.) And the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him) to the maid: "Where is Allah?" And she answering: "In heaven." And he saying: "Who am I?" And she saying: "You are the Messenger of Allah." And he saying "Free her; She is a believer." (Muslim) And the hadith: "When any one of you stands up for prayer, you must not spit in front of you nor to your right, because Allah is in front to you; But you may spit to your left, or under your foot." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the hadith: "My Lord! The Lord of the Seven Heavens, and The Lord of the great Throne, our Lord and The Lord of all, The Creator of plants and trees, The Revealer of the Tawrah (Old Testament), the Injil (New Testament) and the Qur'an: I seek refuge in You from the evil of myself and from the evil of all creatures; You are The First; Nothing is before You. You are The Last; Nothing is after You. You are the Outward; Nothing is over You. You are the Inward; Nothing is inside of You. Help me to pay my debt and keep poverty from me." (Muslim) And the saying (of the Prophet, peace be upon him), when his companions raised up their voices in invocation (Dhikr): "0 people, restrain yourselves. Indeed, you are not calling One Who is deaf or absent; Rather, you are calling a Hearer, One very close by; The One Who you are calling is closer to each one of you, closer even than the neck of your riding animal." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And the saying (of the Prophet, peace be upon him): "You will see your Lord as you see the full moon; Nothing will impair your view of Him; And if you are able to keep the dawn prayers and the mid afternoon prayers, do it." (Agreed upon it by al-Bukhari and Muslim) And many more of these ahadith in which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) relates of his Lord whatever he relates. The Saved Group (al-firqah an-najiyah), The people of the Sunnah and the Community believe these things, as they believe what Allah revealed in His Precious Book (i.e., the Qur'an); (They believe) without distorting or denying and without asking how (takyif) or shaping (tamthil); Rather, they comprise the center of the groups of the Ummah (the Muslim nation), as the Ummah comprises the center of all nations. With regard to the Attributes of Allah, The Glorified, The Exalted, they comprise the center between the denying Jahmiyah19 and the people who shape and create likenesses (ahl at-tamthil al-mushabbihah); And they comprise the center between the Qadariyah20 and the Jabriyah21 with regard to [the acts of Allah the Exalted], and between the Murji'ah22 and the Wa'idiyah23 of the Qadariyah and others without regard to [Allah's threat], and between the Haruriyah24 and the Mu'tazilah25 and between the Murji'ah and the Jahmiyah with regard to [the names of faith and religion], and between the Rawafid26 and the Khawarij27 with regard to the (Prophet's Companions). Allah is Above Everything What we mentioned of belief in Allah included belief in what Allah has revealed in His Book (the Qur'an), and what has been continuously reported from His Messenger (peace be upon him), and what the early generation of the Ummah unanimously agreed upon: That Allah, The Glorified, is above His heavens on His Throne, exalted above His creatures, and that He, The Glorified, is with them wherever they be and knows whatever they do. He summed it up in His saying: "He is the One Who created the heavens and the earth in six days; Then He Settled on the Throne. He knows what goes into the earth and what comes out of it and what descends from heavens and what ascends into it; He is with you wherever you are; Allah sees all what you do." (al-Hadid 57/4) His saying "He is with you" does not mean that He is commingled with the creatures: The language does not indicate this and it is against what the early generation of the Ummah agreed upon, and contrary to Allah's creation of all things; For example, the moon is one of Allah's Signs to be found amongst the smallest of his creatures; It is placed in the skies where it is at the same time with both the traveler and the non-traveller, wherever they are; and He, The Glorified, is on the Throne, watching over His creatures, ruling over them; This is, as well as other Signs of His Lordship. All that Allah The Glorified mentioned-that He is on the Throne (al-'Arsh) and that He is with us-true in itself does not warrant distortion but should be protected from false conjectures, such as thinking that the apparent meaning of His saying "In Heavens" means that heavens contain Him. This is invalid according to the consensus of all the people of knowledge and faith. "Indeed, His Seat (Kursi) encompasses heavens and earth, and it is He Who holds heavens and earth so they do not perish and He Who holds heaven so that it not fall on earth except by His Permission. "It is among His Signs that heaven and earth stand fast by His Order." (ar-Rum 30/25) The Closeness of Allah to His 'Ibad Included in this is the belief that He is very close to His creatures, responding, as He has summed it up in His saying: "If My 'ibad (worshipers) ask you about Me; (say that) I am very close, answering the caller when he calls on Me." (al-Baqarah 2/186) And the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to his Companions when they raised their voices in invocation of Allah: "0 people! Restrain yourselves. Verily, you are not calling One Who is deaf or absent, the One you call is nearer to each of you than is the neck of your riding animal." What has been revealed in the Book (i.e.,the Qur'an) and in the Sunnah - of His Closeness and His Concomitance - does not contradict what has been told of His Exaltation and Highness. Indeed, Glory be to Him, there is none like Him in all His Attributes, and He is High in His Nearness and Near in His Highness. The Qur'an is the Word of Allah Part of the belief in Allah and His Books28 is the belief that the Qur'an is Allah's Word revealed, not created29, that in Him it originated and unto Him it returns, that Allah truly uttered it, that this Qur'an which He revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him) is truly the Word of Allah not the word of any other, that it is not allowable to say it is a narrative of the Word of Allah or an interpretation of it. That if the people read it or write it in books does not mean it is not the true Word of Allah, The Exalted, because speech is attributed to the one who spoke it initially, not to the one who narrated it. It is the Word of Allah, its letters and its meaning. The Word of Allah is not the words only, without meaning, and not the meaning only, without words. Seeing Allah on the Day of Judgment What we referred to of belief in Him, in His Books, and in His Messengers includes also belief that those who believe will see Him with their eyes, just as they see the sun on a day free of clouds; Just as they see the full moon without obstacle, they will see Him, The Glorified, while they are in the Courts of Judgment; And they will see Him after entering Paradise. This is as Allah, The Glorified, The Exalted, wills.
  10. Allah's Names and Attributes in the Qur'an (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetusc.edu/dept/MSA/"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetusc.edu/dept/MSA/[/url] Author: Shaik. Ibn Taymiyah Chapter One The following is included in this idea of how Allah describes Himself in Surat al-Ikhlas, (chapter 112) which equals a third of the Qur'an11, where He says: "Say He is Allah The One, Allah The Eternal. He never begot, nor was begotten. There is none comparable to Him." And He described Himself in the greatest Ayah (verse) in His Book (i.e., Ayat al-Kursi): "Allah, there is no god save Him, The Living, The Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtake Him. Unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth. Who is he who intercedes with Him except by His permission? He knows that which is before them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His Knowledge except what He wills. His seat (kursi) contains the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them. He is The Sublime, The Great." (al-Baqarah 2/255) Therefore, Allah protects whoever reads this Ayah at night and no devil can get close to him until morning. Allah has also said: "Depend on The Living One, He Who will never die." (al-Furqan 25/58). And He, the Glorified, has said: "He is The First (al-Awwal) and The Last (al-Akhir), The Outward (as-Zahir) and The Inward (al-Batin)12; He is The Knower of All Things." (al-Hadid 57/3) Knowledge: "He knows that which goes down into the earth and that which comes out from it, and that which descends from the heavens and that which ascends into it. He is The Merciful, The Forgiving." (Saba' 34/2) "With Him are the keys of the unknown (mafatih al-ghaib), none but He knows them. He knows what is in the land and the sea; not a leaf falls but He knows it; not a grain amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is recorded) in a clear record." (al-An'am 6/59) He has said: "No female conceives or gives birth except with His Knowledge." (Fatir 35/11) And He has said: "That you may know that Allah is able to do all things, and that Allah knows all things." (at-Talaq 65/12) Might: And He has said: "Indeed, Allah is the One Who gives livelihood, The Lord of Unbreakable Might." (adh-Dhariyaat 51/58) Hearing, Seeing: And He has said: "Nothing is like Him; and He is The Hearer, The Seer." (ash-Shura 42/11) And He has said: "Lo! Comely is this which Allah admonishes you to be. Lo! Allah is ever Hearer, Seer." (an-Nissa' 4/58) Will: And He has said: "If only, when you entered your garden, you had said: That which Allah wills is; There is no strength save in Allah." (al-Kahf 18/39) And He has said: "If Allah had so willed it, those who followed after them would not have fought one with the other after clear proofs had come unto them. But they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving. And if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with the other; But Allah does what He wills." (al-Baqarah 2/253) And He has said: "The beast of cattle is made lawful unto you [for food], except that which is announced unto you [herein], hunting being unlawful when you are on pilgrimage; Indeed, Allah ordains that which He wills." (al-Ma'idah 5/1) And He has said: "Of whomsoever it is Allah's will to guide, his heart He expands into Islam; And of whomsoever it is His will to send astray, his heart He made closed and narrow as if he were engaged in sheer ascent." (al-An'am 6/125) Love: He has said: "And do good; Indeed, Allah loves those who do good." (al-Baqarah 2/195) And He has said: "Act equitably; Indeed, Allah loves the equitable." (al-Hujurat 49/9) And He has said: "So long as they are true to you, be true to them; Indeed, Allah loves those who keep their duty." (at-Tawbah 9/7) And He has said: "Truly, Allah loves those who repent, and loves those who care for cleanliness." (al-Baqarah 2/222) And He has said: "Say, [O Muhammad, to mankind]: If you love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you." (Al'Imran 3/31) And He has said: "Allah will redeem a people whom He loves, and who love Him." (al-Ma'idah 5/54) And He has said: "Indeed, Allah loves those who fight in ranks for His cause, as if they were a solid structure." (as-Saff 61/4) And He has said: "He is The Forgiving, The Loving." (al-Buruj 85/14) Mercy: And His saying: "In the name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful." He has said: "Our Lord! You comprehended all things in mercy and Knowledge." (al-Mu'min 40/7) And He has said: "He is Merciful to the believers." (al-Ahzab 33/43) And He has said: "My Mercy has embraced all things." (al-A'raf 7/156) And He has said: "Your Lord has prescribed for Himself Mercy." (al-An'am 6/54) And He has said: "He is The Forgiving, The Merciful." (Yunus 10/107) And He has said: "Allah is better [than any one] at guarding, and He is The Most Merciful of those who show mercy." (Yusuf 12/64) Pleasure and Anger: He has said: "Allah takes pleasure in them and they in Him." (al-Ma'idah 5/119) And He has said: "Whoever slays a believer intentionally, his reward is Hell for ever. Allah's wrath is against him and He has cursed him." (an-Nissa' 4/93) And He has said: "That will come to be because they followed that which angered Allah, and shunned that which pleases Him." (Muhammad 47/28) And He has said: "When they angered Us, We punished them." (az-Zakhruf 43/55) And He has said: "But Allah was adverse to their being sent forth and held them back." (at-Tawbah 9/46) And He has said: "It is most hateful in the Sight of Allah that you say that which you do not." (as-Saff 61/3) Coming: He has said: "Will they wait until Allah comes to them in canopies of clouds, with the angels? Then the case will have been already judged." (al-Baqarah 2/210) And He has said: "Are they waiting to see if the angels come to them? Or your Lord [Himself]? Or some of the Signs of your Lord? That Day Signs of your Lord will come." (al-An'am 6/158) And He has said: "Nay! When the earth is pounded to powder, then your Lord will come and the angels will come rank upon rank." (al-Fajr 89/21-22) And He has said: "A day will come when the heaven and the clouds will be rent asunder and the angels will be sent down in a grand descent." (al-Furqan 25/25) Face and Hand: He has said: "Only the Face of your Lord of Might and Glory will remain." (ar-Rahman 55/27) And He has said: "Everything will perish save His Face." (al-Qasas 28/88) And He has said: "What kept you (Iblis) from falling prostrate before that which I have created with My Hands." (Sad 38/75) And He has said: "The Jews said: Allah's Hand is tied.' May their hands be tied and may they be accursed for the [blasphemy] they utter. Rather, both His Hands are widely outstretched; He gives and spends as He pleases." (al-Ma'idah 5/64) Eyes: He has said: "Wait patiently for the Command of your Lord, [O Muhammad], for verily you are in Our Eyes." (at-Tur 52/48) And He has said: "We carried him [Nuh] on an [ark] made of planks and nails; It floats under Our Eyes, as a reward for him who was rejected." (al-Qamar 54/13-14) And He said: "I have maintained you [Musa] with My Love that you might be reared under My Eye." (Ta Ha 20/39) Hearing: He has said: "Allah has indeed heard her who argued with you [O Muhammad] concerning her husband, and who complained unto Allah; Allah hears the argument between both of you; Indeed, Allah is Hearer,Seer." (al-Mujadalah 58/1) And He has said: "Verily, Allah heard the saying of those [the Jews] who said: Allah is poor and we are rich." (Al'Imran 3/181) And He has said: "Do they think that We do not hear their secrets and their private counsels? Indeed [We do], and Our Messengers are by them to record all." (az-Zakhruf 43/80) Seeing and Hearing: He has said: "Indeed, I will be with you [Musa and Harun], Hearing and Seeing." (Ta Ha 20/46) And He has said: "Is he then unaware that Allah sees?" (al-'Alaq 96/14) And He has said: "Who Sees you when you stand up [to pray]? And [sees] your movements among those who fall prostrate [in worship]? Indeed, He, and only He, is The Hearer, The Knower." (ash-Shu'ara' 26/218-220) And He has said: "Say [unto them]: Act! Allah will see your actions, and [so will] His Messenger and the Believers." (at-Tawbah 9/105) Power of Planning: He has said: "He is, in His Power, Supreme." (ar-Ra'd 13/13) And He has said: "They [the unbelievers] plotted and planned, and Allah planned too; Allah is The Best of Planners." (Al-'Imran 3/54) And He has said: "So they devised a plot: and We devised a plot while they perceived not." (an-Naml 27/50) And He has said: "Indeed, they devise a plot [against you O Muhammad] and I devise a plot [against them]." (at-Tariq 86/15-16) Forgiveness: He has said: "If you do good openly or conceal it, or if you forgive evil, indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Powerful." (an-Nissa' 4/149) And He has said: "Let them forgive and disregard [the transgressions of others]. Do you not wish that Allah forgive you? Allah is Forgiving, Merciful." (an-Nur 24/22) Might: He has said: "And the might belongs to Allah and to His Messenger." (al-Munafiqun 63/8) And He has said about Iblis (the Satan): "[iblis] said: Then by Your might, I will lead all of them astray'." (Sad 38/82) And He has said: "Blessed be the Name of your Lord, Full of Majesty, and Honor." (ar-Rahman 55/78) Oneness: He has said: "Therefore, worship you Him and be you steadfast in His Service; Do you know of anyone who can be named along with Him?" (Maryam 19/65) And He has said: "There is none comparable to Him." (al-Ikhlas 112/4) And He has said: "Do not set up rivals to Allah when you know [The Truth]." (al-Baqarah 2/22) And he has said: "Yet there are some people who take (idols as] rivals to Allah, loving them with a love like (that which is the due) of Allah (only), but those who believe overflow in their love of Allah." (al-Baqarah 2/165) And He has said: "Say: Praise be to Allah, Who begets no son, Who has no partner in [His] dominion and Who [needs] none to protect Him from humiliation;' And Magnify Him with all magnificence." (al-Isra' 17/111) And He has said: "All that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth glorifies Allah; To Him belongs Dominion; To Him belongs Praise; He is Able to do all things." (at-Taghabun 64/1) And He has said: "Blessed is He Who sent down the Criterion [al-Furqan] to His Servant [Muhammad], that He may warn all creatures. He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, no son has He begotten; Nor has He any partner in His Dominion. It is He Who created all things and ordered them in due proportions." (al-Furqan 25/1-2) And He has said: "Allah did not beget a son; Nor is there any god along with Him; Otherwise each god would have taken away what he had created and some of them would have lorded over others. May Allah, Be Glorified above all that they allege. He knows what is hidden and what is exposed. May He Be Exalted over all that they ascribe as partners [to Him]." (al-Mu'minun 23/91-92) And He has said: "Do not invent similitudes for Allah; Indeed, Allah knows and you know not." (an-Nahl 16/74) And He has said: "Say: My Lord forbids only indecencies whether open or secret, sin and wrongful oppression. You're associating with Allah that for which no Revelation has been given, and you're saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge." (al-A'raf 7/33) Settling on the Throne: (Al-Istiwa' A'la Al-'Arsh) He has said: "The Beneficent One, Who is Settled on the Throne (al-Arsh)." and "Then He Mounted the Throne." Allah repeated this theme six times in the Qur'an. He has said: "Verily! Your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days; Then He Mounted the Throne." (al-A'raf 7/54) And He has said: "Verily! Your Lord is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth in six days; Then He Established Himself on the Throne." (Yunus 10/3) And He has said: "Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see; Then He Mounted the Throne." (ar-Ra'd 13/2) And He has said: "The Beneficent One, Who is Established on the Throne." (Ta Ha 20/5) And He has said: "Then He Mounted the Throne, The Beneficent One." (al-Furqan 25/59) And He has said: "Allah created the heavens, the earth and all that is between them in six days; Then He Mounted the Throne." (as-Sajdah 32/4) And He said: "He it is Who created the heavens and earth in six days; Then He Mounted the Throne."13 (al-Hadid 57/4) Highness: And He has said: "Behold! Allah has said; 'Oh Jesus! I am taking you and raising you up to Me." (Al'Imran 3/55) And He has said: "Rather, Allah raised him up to Him." (An-Nissa' 4/158) And He has said: "To Him good words ascend, and He elevates the pious deed."14 (Fatir 35/10) And He has said: "O Haman! Build me a tower, that I may reach the roads, - the roads of heavens, and that I may climb up to the God of Moses, though verily I think he [Moses] is a liar." (Ghafir 40/36-37) And He has said: "Do you feel secure that He Who is in Heaven will not cause you to be swallowed up by the earth when it shakes? Or do you feel secure that He Who is in Heaven will not send against you a wind casting down pebbles from the sky? That is that you may know the manner of My Warning." (al-Mulk 67/16-17) And He has said: "He created the heavens and the earth in six days; Then He Mounted the Throne. He knows all that enters the earth and all that emerges there from and all that comes down from the sky and all that ascends therein; He is with you wherever you may be. And Allah is Seer of what you do." (al-Hadid 57/4) Omnipresence: And He has said: "There is no secret conference of three but He is their fourth, nor of five but He is their sixth, nor of less or more but He is with them wherever they be: And afterward, on the Day of Resurrection, He will inform them of what they did. Indeed, Allah is Knower of All Things." (al-Mujadalah 58/7) And He has said addressing Abu Bakr in the cave during the Hijrah: "Grieve not. Indeed, Allah is with us." (at-Tawbah 9/40) And He has said: "Indeed, I will be with you, Hearing and Seeing." (Ta Ha 20/46) And He has said: "Indeed, Allah is with those who protect themselves and with those who do good." (an-Nahl 16/128) And He has said: "Be patient and persevering, for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.15 (al-Anfal 8/46) And He has said: "How often a small company overcame a big one by Allah's Help! Allah is with those who steadfastly persevere." (al-Baqarah 2/249) Speech: He has said: "Whose words (Hadith) can be truer than Allah's?" (an-Nissa' 4/87) And He has said: "Whose utterance (Qil) can be truer than Allah's?" (an-Nissa' 4/122) And He has said: "When Allah said (qala): O Jesus, son of Mary" (al-Ma'idah 5/116) And He has said: "Perfected is the Word (kalimatu) of your Lord in Truth and Justice." (al-An'am 6/115) And He has said: "To Moses Allah spoke (kallama) directly." (an-Nissa' 4/164) And He has said: "And of whom (messengers) there are some unto whom Allah spoke (kallama)." (al-Baqarah 2/253) And He has said: "When Moses came to Our appointed place, and his Lord spoke (kallama) unto him." (al-A'raf 7/143) And He has said addressing Musa: "We called him (nadainahu) from the right side of [Mount] at-Tur and made him draw near to Us for communion." (Maryam 19/52) And He has said: " When your Lord called (nada) Moses: Go unto the wrong-doing folk'." (ash-Shu'ara' 26/10) And He has said: "And their Lord called both of them (nadahuma) [Adam and Hawwa']: Did not forbid you That Tree, and tell you (wa-aqul): Lo! Satan is an open enemy to you?" (al-A'raf 7/22) And He said: "On The Day He will call unto them (yunadihim) and say: Where are My partners who you fabricated?" (al-Qasas 28/62) And He has said: "On The Day He will call unto them (yunadihim) and say: What answer gave you to the messengers?" (al-Qasas 28/65) And He has said: "If anyone of the pagans seeks your protection, grant it to him so that he may hear the Words (kalam) of Allah." (at-Tawbah 9/6) And He has said; "A party of them used to listen to the Words (kalam) of Allah, then used to distort it knowingly after they understood it." (al-Baqarah 2/75) And He has said : "They wish to change God's Words (kalam); Say: You shall not follow us.' Thus Allah said (qala) before hand." (al-Fath 48/15) And He has said: "Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book of your Lord; None can change His Words (kalimatihi)." (al-Kahf 18/27) And He has said: "Verily this Qur'an narrates (yaqussu) unto the Children of israel most of the matters which they dispute." (an-Naml 27/76) And He has said: "This is a Blessed Book (kitabun mubarakun) which We have sent down." (al-An'am 6/92) And He has said: "Had We send down this Qur'an on to a mountain, verily you would have seen it humbled and rent asunder for fear of Allah." (al-Hashr 59/21) And He has said: "When We substitute one Verse (Ayah) for another and Allah knows best what He reveals-they say: You are but a fabricator; But most of them know not. Say: The Trustworthy Spirit (i.e., Gabriel) has brought it (The Qur'an) from your Lord in Truth, in order to strengthen those who believe, and as Guidance and Good Tidings for Muslims. We know well that they say: It is a man who teaches him; The language of him they falsely point to is notably foreign, while this is Arabic, pure and clear." (an-Nahl 16/101-103) Looking at Allah: He has said: "Some faces, That Day, will beam (in brightness and beauty), looking toward their Lord." (al-Qiyamah 75/22-23) And He has said: "(Relaxing) on couches looking (at their Lord)." (al-Mutaffifin 83/35) See Tafsir Ibn Kathir, for support of my translation of this verse. (The Translator) And He has said: "For those who do good, is the best (reward given) and more* (thereto). (Yunus 10/26) And He has said: "There they have all they desire; And there is still more with Us." (Qaf 50/35) And the Qur'an is full of Verses which deal with this topic; Whoever studies the Qur'an carefully searching for guidance from it, the truthful path will be clear to him. *According to some interpretations: "They See Allah's face."
  11. Ruling on wearing one’s clothes below one’s ankles Question: Assalamu Alaikum A brother was telling me that wearing clothing below the ankles is haram and that there are many hadiths that prove this. I would appreciate your opinion on this matter. Jazakallah Answer: Praise be to Allaah. What your friend has told you is true. Many ahaadeeth were reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which forbid isbaal (wearing one’s clothes below the ankles), for example: Al-Bukhaari reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Whatever of the izaar (lower garment) is below the ankles is in the Fire." (al-Bukhaari, no. 5787) The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "There are three whom Allaah will not look at or praise on the Day of Judgement and theirs will be a painful punishment: the one who wears his garment below his ankles, the one who reminds others of his favours, and the one who sells his product by means of making false oaths" (reported by Muslim, no. 106) The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Isbaal (wearing one’s garment below the ankles) may apply to the izaar (lower garment), the shirt or the turban. Whoever allows any part of these to trail on the ground out of arrogance, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Judgement." (reported by Abu Dawud, no. 4085, and al-Nisaa’i, no. 5334, with a saheeh isnaad). Ibn ‘Abbaas reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Allaah will not look at the one who wears his lower garment below his ankles." (Reported by al-Nisaa’i in al-Mujtabaa, Kitaab al-Zeenah, Baab Isbaal al-Izaar). Hudhayfah said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took hold of the muscle of my calf (or his calf) and said, ‘This is where the izaar should stop; if you insist, it may be lower, but it should not reach the ankles.’" (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, who said this is a saheeh hasan hadeeth; see Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 1783) All of the ahaadeeth quoted above speak against isbaal, whether or not the intention is to show off; but if a person does this deliberately out of arrogance, there is no doubt that his sin is greater. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Allaah will not look at the one who trails his izaar on the ground out of pride." (al-Bukhaari, no. 5788) Jaabir ibn Sulaym said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to me: ‘Beware of wearing one’s lower garment below the ankles, because this is a kind of showing-off, and Allaah does not love showing-off.’" (Regarded as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi, no. 2722). No one is able to be completely free of pride and arrogance, even if he claims that this is so. Such a claim is unacceptable, because by saying it, he is praising himself. Only in the case of those whom the wahy (revelation) testified that they were free of pride do we believe that this is the case. For example, there is a hadeeth which states that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Whoever trails his garment on the ground out of pride, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Resurrection." Abu Bakr said to him, "O Messenger of Allaah, my izaar slips down if I do not pay attention to it." He said: "You are not one of those who do it out of pride." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, no. 5784) What indicates that isbaal is prohibited even if it is not done out of pride is the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri, may Allaah be pleased with him, who said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘The lower garment of the Muslim should come down to mid-calf, but there is nothing wrong if it is between that point and the ankles. Whatever is lower than the ankles is in the Fire. Whoever trails his garment on the ground out of pride, Allaah will not look at him." (Reported by Abu Dawud, no. 4093, with a saheeh isnaad.) These ahaadeeth describe two different deeds, for which there will be two different punishments: Imaam Ahmad reported that Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Ya’qoob said: "I asked Abu Sa’eed: ‘Did you hear anything from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) concerning the izaar (lower garment)?’ he said, ‘Yes, listen! ‘The izaar of the believer should come to mid-calf, although there is nothing wrong if it comes between there and the ankles, but whatever is lower than the ankles is in the Fire,’ and he said it three times." Ibn ‘Umar said: "I passed by the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and my izaar had slipped down. He said, ‘O ‘Abdullaah, pull up your izaar!’ so I pulled it up. He said, ‘More!’ so I pulled it up more, and always made sure it was pulled up properly after that." Some people asked, "To where did you pull it up?" He said, "To mid-calf length." (Reported by Muslim, no. 2086; al-Dhahabi, Kitaab al-Kabaa’ir, 131-132) The issue of isbaal applies to women just as much as it applies to men. This is indicated by the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, who said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever trails his garment on the ground out of pride, Allaah will not look at him.’ Umm Salamah said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, what should women do with their hems?’ He said, ‘Let them go down a handspan.’ She asked, ‘What if their feet show?’ He said, ‘Let them lengthen it by a cubit, but no more.’" (al-Nisaa'i, Kitaab al-zeenah, Baab dhuyool al-nisaa’). The punishment for showing off may come to pass in this world, not in the Hereafter. Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Whilst a man was walking arrogantly admiring himself and his clothes, Allaah caused the earth to swallow him and he is suffering in it until the Day of Resurrection." (Reported by Muslim, no. 2088). Islam Q&A Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
  12. Provisions for the Hereafter - Mukhtasar Zad Al-Maad (Zaad Al-Ma'ad) by Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah. Summarized by: Imam Muhammad Ibn 'Abdul Wahhab At-Tamimi Allah has sent the Messenger (S) with guidance and the Religion of Truth. Strict adherence to the guidance of His Prophet (S) is required from the followers of Islam. The scholars of the Islamic community have attached great importance to it and produced texts regarding the Acts of Worship, Dealings and Habits in the light of the Divine guidance. This book is one of the most famous works written on this subject. This book is one of the important resources of knowledge for those who seek to know the Seerah of their Prophet (PBUH) as well as, the Fiqh learned from it. This is a book that is unique in that it explains the Sunnah through the Seerah and the Seerah through the Sunnah. It is a profound classic work containing thousands of pages written by Imam ibn al-Qayyim while on the hajj journey, Pilgrimage, from Damascus to Makkah. Despite its being written from memory, the several thousand incidents, hadiths, ayah, fiqh benefits, as well as, names of the companions associated with them, were remarkably close to the truth, with marginal errors. However, those who know the status, level of knowledge and Ta'hqiq that Imam ibn al -Qayyim had, will not be surprised to know the fact. Still, it is amazing how ibn al-Qayyim was able to write this volume while traveling to Hajj, especially since he was away from the resources of knowledge and enduring the hardships of travel. It is a blessing from Allah (swt) that is was possible for him to do so. Contents Allah Has Accorded to Himself Goodness Regarding the Obligation to Know the Guidance of the Messenger (S) Regarding His (S) Guidance in Wudu' (Ablution) Regarding His (S) Guidance in Prayer Regarding His (S) Guidance in Qiyam Al-Lail (The Night Prayer) Regarding His (S) Guidance in Friday Prayers and a Reference to its Special Characteristics Regarding His (S) Guidance During His Travels and His Acts of Worship Therein Regarding His (S) Guidance in Reciting the Qur'an Regarding His (S) Guidance in Visiting the Sick Regarding His (S) Guidance in the Fear Prayer (Salah Al-Khawf) Regarding His (S) Guidance in Zakah Regarding His (S) Guidance in Voluntary Charity (Sadaqah At-Tatawwu') Regarding His (S) Guidance in Fasting Regarding His (S) Guidance in I'tikaf Regarding His (S) Guidance in Hajj and 'Umrah Regarding His .(S) Guidance in Sacrificial Animals for Hajj (Hadi), Slaughtering for 'Eed (Udhiyah) and Sacrifice on the Occasion of a Child's Birth ('Aqeeqah) Regarding His Guidance in Slaughtering on the Occasion of a Child's Birth ('Aqeeqah) Regarding His (S) Guidance in Names and Agnomens Regarding His Guidance in Guarding His Words and Choosing His Expressions With Care Regarding His (S) Guidance in Dhikr (Mentioning Allah's Name) Regarding His (S) Guidance Upon Entering His House Regarding His (S) Guidance in Delivering Salutations of Peace, Asking Permission and Invoking Blessings on the Sneezer Regarding His (S) Guidance in Giving Salutations of Peace to the People of the Scripture Regarding His (S) Guidance in Asking Permission Regarding His (S) Guidance in the Manners of Traveling Regarding What Should be Said and Done by a Person Who is Afflicted by Whispering Regarding Expressions Which He (S) Disliked to Hear Spoken Regarding His (S) Guidance in Jihad and Battles Regarding the Building of the Masjid Regarding His (S) Guidance With Respect to Prisoners of War Regarding His (S) Guidance in Peace and in Treaties, Treatment Accorded to Messengers From the Disbelievers, Taking the Jizyah, Treatment of the People of the Scripture and the Hypocrites and His Fulfillment of Agreements Regarding His (S) Guidance in Dealing With the Disbelievers and the Hypocrites - From the Start of His Mission Until He Met Allah, the Almighty, the All-powerful Regarding the Conduct of His (S) Battles Regarding the Rulings Derived From This Battle Regarding the Battle of the Trench (Ghazwah Al-Khandaq) Regarding the Story of Al-Hudaibiyyah Regarding the Battle of Khaibar Regarding the Great Victory Regarding the Battle of Hunain Regarding the Battle of At-Ta'if An Indication of Some of the Benefits Which May be Derived From This Story Regarding the Three Who Stayed Behind and They Were Ka'b Ibn Malik, Hilal Ibn Umayyah and Murarah Ibn ArRabee' Regarding the Pilgrimage of Abu Bakr ® Regarding His ' (S) Guidance in Treating Afflictions Regarding His (S) Guidance in the Treatment of Worry, Anxiety and Sadness Regarding His (S) Guidance in the Treatment of Fear and Sleeplessness Regarding His (S) Guidance in Preserving Health Regarding His (S) Guidance in His Judgments Regarding His x' Rulings on the Spoils of War Regarding His (S) ; Ruling on the Sharing of Property Regarding the Wisdom Behind not Killing or Imprisoning the Enemies' Messengers and in Repudiating the Treaties of Those With Whom He Had Made Them in Equality, if He Feared That They Would Invalidate Them Regarding His Rulings on Marriage and Matters Relating to it (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_kalamullah(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/Books/Zaad%20al%20Maad.pdf"]Download Complete E-Book[/url] (15MB) May Allahu subhanahu wa ta'ala reward the brother who scanned and made this available. Amin.
  13. Making Iqama

    Question: Do you say the Adzan and the iquamah when you pray alone? I have just embraced Islam and I read books on Salaat and they do not say. Answer: Praise be to Allaah. It is mustahabb (recommended, encouraged) for the person who is praying alone to say the Adhaan and Iqaamah, because of the general meaning of the reports that refer to them. Al-Shaykh Mansoor al-Bahwati (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “They (the Adhaan and Iqaamah) are Sunnah (for the person who is praying alone) because of the general meaning of the hadeeth of ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir, who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Your Lord likes it when a shepherd at the top of a mountain pass calls the Adhaan for prayer and then prays. Then Allaah says, “Look at this slave of mine, saying the Adhaan and the Iqaamah for prayer and fearing Me. I ask you to bear witness that I have forgiven My slave and will admit him to Paradise.â€â€™â€ (Narrated by al-Nisaa’i). The Adhaan and Iqaamah are also Sunnah for travellers, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to Maalik ibn al-Huwayrith and his cousin: “When you two travel, say the Adhaan and Iqaamah for prayer, and let the elder of you lead the prayer.†(Agreed upon). Mutaalib Oolaial-Nuha, part 1, Baab al-Adhaan. It is makrooh (disliked) for him to neglect the Adhaan and Iqaamah. Al-Shaafa’i (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “If a man neglects to say the Adhaan and Iqaamah when he is praying alone or in congregation, I regard that as makrooh, but he does not have to repeat the prayers he did without the Adhaan or Iqaamah.†Kitaab al-Umm by al-Shaafa’i, Jimaa’ al-Adhaan, Baab al-Adhaan wa’l-Iqaamah li’l-Jam’ bayna al-Salaatayn (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?ref=5660&ln=eng&txt=iqaamah"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?ref=5660&...amp;txt=iqaamah[/url]
  14. Wa Alaikum Salam wa Rahmatullah, Wa iyyakum. Amin to your duah.
  15. Evidence Prohibiting Of Mixing Of Men And Women

    Wa iyyakum. Amin to the duahs. Of course, I don't mind it being re-posted. We must spread knowledge, but first apply it to our own lives.