Jump to content
Islamic Forum

Kai Thaabit

  • Content count

  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won


Everything posted by Kai Thaabit

  1. Help Choosing A Name...

    salam AbdulKhaliq is a good name. The Arabic name for Michael is Mika'eel. Mika'eel is the angel Micha'el who is responsible for the Physical World. He is the one who is appointed over the weather and other things. I think the Arabic "ibn" has a similar meaning like the Scottish "Mac/Mc". Ibn Yusha = McYusha, or in Irish O'Yusha or in Russian Yushanovitch. :sl: :no: :sl:
  2. Looking For Quran Recitation W/ Translation

    Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahee wa Barakatu Do you mean one of the following? 1. Qari: Abdullah Basfar, Translator: Ibrahim Walk: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_quranicaudio(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/quran/66"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_quranicaudio(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/quran/66[/url] 2. Qari: Abdulbasit Abdussamad, Translator: Ibrahim Walk: I think the reciter is among those listed. Tell us if you recognize the recitor. (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_quranicaudio(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/quran/57"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_quranicaudio(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/quran/57[/url] 3. Qari: Mishaari Raashid (I am not sure if he is Al Afasy) (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_quranicaudio(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/quran/58"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_quranicaudio(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/quran/58[/url] 4. If you like more recitations with Translation into English check the following: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetal-qaria(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?option=com_remository&Itemid=32&func=selectfolder&cat=16"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetal-qaria(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?option=c...lder&cat=16[/url] 5. Here you can hear Ibrahim Walk without recitation reading the translation: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamictube(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/watch/2b653b68bc2f7994a05f/Surah%2043%20-%2052%20(English%20Translation)"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamictube(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/watch/2b653b68b...%20Translation)[/url]
  3. Sahaba Quiz Ii

    Salam 1. A Persian carpenter when to which companion to request him to build the first windmill that ever existed? 2. Which companion started the tradition to pay the Muezzin (Caller of Adhaan) a fixed salary? 3. Who was the Amir of Iraq during the time of Umar ibn Al Khattab? 4. Who was the deputy of Umar ibn Al Khattab, radi Allahu anhu during his khilaafa? 5. Why is the Battle of Jamal called the Battle of Jamal (Camel)?
  4. How Does One Attain Sincerity?

    salam How does one attain sincerety? With Zakah and Sadaqa.
  5. Deep Contemplation Riddle

  6. Sahaba Quiz

    salam 1. What is the requirement of a person to be counted as a Sahaba of the Prophet? 2. All the Sahaba are righteous, but they are categorized into ranks of status. Please, name the first five categories of Sahaba? 3. Who is the Sahaba who had a wet dream and died as a Shaheed in the battle of Uhud without ghusl? What happened when he died? 4. Who was the Sahabi who was killed by the transgressing side in the battle of Siffin between Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan and Ali abi Talib? 5. Which Sahabi is going to return again in the end of time? Please explain the reason why.
  7. Sahaba Quiz

    We may close this thread unless you find it more beneficial to leave it open.
  8. Sahaba Quiz

    Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahee wa Barakatu I am always ready to learn more and what Sampharo said makes sense. If Isa bin Maryam, alayhissalam, comes in our lifetime and I am alive and meet him then I will ask him insha'Allah. If not then insha'Allah, I have to wait until I meet him in Jannah. I believe that the people of Eesa bin Maryam such as Waraqa bin Naufal or others will follow Isa ben Maryam on the Day of Judgement, although I am not sure if Waraqa bin Naufal is a Sahabi. The fact that Abu Bakr As Siddiq is the first of Ummah Muhammad to enter through the gates of Jannah probably shows that Eesa ben Maryam will have his own followers leading them as an Imam to Jannah. I don't want a big debate happening concerning this topic. The next quiz "Sahaba Quiz II" will be more difficult
  9. Sahaba Quiz

    Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahee wa Barakatu I think that the questions seem to be confusing so I answer them now: 1. A Sahabi means companion, and it referred to the companions of the prophet. The requirement is that the person have seen and met the prophet directly, joining Islam during the prophet's life, and dying as a muslim. Those who joined Islam and then apostated, or knew the prophet and only reverted to Islam after the prophet's death are not considered Sahaba. 2. This is the list I came across very often: a) Abu Bakr b) Four Khulafaa Rashidoon c) Ten who were given glad tidings of Jannah while in dunya. d) Those who participated in the battle of Badr e) Those who participated in the Pledge of Ridwaan 3. 3- Hanthala Ebn Abi Aamer, but he did not have a wet dream, he was with his wife as a newly wed and left without doing Ghosl (washing) as soon as the call was made. The companions found his body on the field intact and drenched in water. When they asked the prophet he told them the angels washed him instead. 4. The Prophet told in the hadith that Ammar ibn Yasir will be killed by the transgressing party: 5. The Sahabi who comes in the end of time is Isa bin Maryam alayhissalam. He is a sahaba of the prophet because he fulfills the requirement described above. Remember, that Muhammad met with Isa in Isra and Miraj in the second heaven and Isa was alive body and soul.
  10. Don't Forget The Rest Of The World

    Assalamu Alaykum It's just a reminder to make du'aa for all the Muslims in the world who are oppressed. Why is it bad to remind people?
  11. Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahee wa Barakatu Let's Muslims be patient with her and give her time to understand the Religion. Sooner or later she will recognize that Islam and Christianity are not compatible. I know Muslims who came to the religion from Christianity who did not recognize any difference, because as Christian they already believed in the humanity of Jesus and did not participate in the shirk that happens among Christians. I, for example, had not heard about the trinity and the godhood of Jesus until AFTER I became Muslim. I thought that Christian belief is free from shirk, but AFTER I became Muslim I realized that Christans are mushrikeen. I thought that only some sects practice shirk, but not the regular Christians. Now, I know. Therefore, when I became Muslim the only line I had to cross was the Belief that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. When I became Muslim, I did not recognize a difference to my own belief that I had previously. I would compare myself to the Hanifi brothers who accepted Islam during the time of the prophet.
  12. Violence Within A Marriage

    Assalamu Alaykum Violence towards husband, wives, children is forbidden in Islam and oppression. Oppression is darkness on the Day of Judgement, a Day where you need light the most. 1. Send him to jihad where he can use his aggression wisely.
  13. What Does Your Username Mean?

    salam Yusha is the name of a prophet Yusha bin Noon, alayhissalam, who was the successor of Musa alayhissalam.
  14. Descendants Of Pigs And Monkeys

    salam Sorry for the bad word I used.
  15. Al Wala Wal Baraa

    salam You have to know that after loving Allaah and His Messenger (saiiaiiaahu 'aiaihi wa saiiam), Allaah obligates us to love those who love Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) and hate those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam). The Islaamic Belief System ('Aqeedah) obligates every Muslim to love the people of Tawheed and hate the people of Shirk. This obligation comes from the creed of Ibraheem ('alaihis- salaam), the creed we are ordered to follow. Indeed, the Glorified Allaah the Exalted said, "There is for you an excellent example (to follow) in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people, "We are clear of you and of whatever you worship besides Allaah. We have rejected you. And between us and you is enmity and hatred forever, unless you believe in Allaah, and Him alone." Also, this obligation is from the religion (Deen) of Muhammad (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) Allaah the Exalted said: . "O you who believe! Do not take the Jews (Yahood) and Christians (Nasara) for friends (Awliyaa). They are Awliyaa to each other. And the one among you that turns to them is one of them. Indeed, Allaah guides not an unjust people." This verse forbids Muslims from taking any of the People of the Book (Ahlul-Kitaab), specifically, and any of the disbelievers (Kuffaar), generally, as a friend (Mawlaat). [The proof is] the verse, "O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies as Awliyaa." Furthermore, Allaah forbade the believer from supporting the Kuffaar, even if the Kuffaar are blood relatives. Allaah the Exalted said, "O you who believe! Do not take your fathers and your brothers as Awliyaa, if they love disbelief (Kufr) instead of Faith (Eemaan). If any of you do so, they are wrongdoers." Allaah the Exalted said, "You will not find any people that believe in Allaah and the Last Day loving those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers, sons, brothers, or relatives..."7 Until we heard some people, who claim that they know the Islaamic message (da 'wah), on one of the Arabic radio stations say, "..the Nasara are our brothers," we did not realize how many people were ignorant of the principle [of Al-Walaa' wal- Baraa ']. They [the people on the radio station] do not realize how dangerous their words are! Allaah the Glorified forbade Muslims from supporting the Kuffaar, and the enemies of the 'Aqeedah. The Glorified commands us to support and love the Believers. Allaah the Exalted said, "Your [real] friends are Allaah, His Messenger, and the Believers, -those who establish the Salaat and pay the Zakaat and bow down [submit themselves to Allaah]. As for those who turn to Allaah, His Messenger, and the Believers [for friendship], -it is the party of Allaah that will certainly triumph." 8 Allaah the Exalted said, 7 Al-Mujaadilah, 58:22 8 "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and those who are with him are stern against the Kuffaar, and merciful with each other..." 9 Allaah the Exalted said, "The Believers are a single Brotherhood..." 10 The Believers are brothers in the Deen and 'Aqeedah, even though they may not be relatives, from the same country, or from the same generation. Allaah the Exalted said, "And those who came after them say, 'Our Lord! forgive us, and our brothers who come before us in the faith and leave not in our hearts bad feelings of those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed the One full of kindness, the One Who treats gentlly whoever You are kind with ."[Al-Hashr, 59:10] So, the Believers, from the initial generation of mankind to the last, are brothers. The last follow the first and they ask Allaah's forgiveness for each other.
  16. Creation Of An Islamic State

    salam I think that the Islamic State is already on its way. Allah knows best. The Khilaafa will come, but are we from those who participate or are we those who wait until it it there?
  17. We The Human Race

    We The Human Race ----------------------------- Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahee wa Barakatu We the human race are under the perception that planet Earth is our residence and home. We the human race forget so easily that life on Earth will end and that this worldly life will vanish in a moment. We the human race walk along the road thinking we're awake. We're attached to this temporal worldly life. Why do we follow the people of ignorance and arrogance, and follow the stream competing for this world instead of competing for a good life after death. Why don't we listen to the admonitions of the prophets of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala to live in this world as a stranger resting under a tree, benefitting from its shade, and then continue with the voyage. People are sleeping and they wake up when they die. Do we want to belong to such people who establish this worldly life while destroying the afterlife, so we hate to go from what we have been establishing to what we have been destroying. (An explanation by Abu Hazm, raheematullah) This world is not good enough to be called paradise and this world is not bad enough to be called hellfire. This world is full of hatred and pain, so why do we love it so much. This world is filled with dangers and impurities. Calamities and injustice reign. We travel so much in this dunia life, yet we cannot get satisfaction. However, when we travel in Jannah, our hearts will be filled up with contentment and bliss, Insha'Allah. Why are we, the human race, committing evils? Why are we indifferent people? Why are we so attached to this world that we fight over it and destroy our hearts? Why do we live like the people of Ad living as tyrants attacking innocent people and behaving as if we live on this world forever? Why do we live like the people of Sodom sleeping with each other being rude and cruel to strangers/illegal immigrants and doing evil against our brothers and sisters? Why are we leading our lives like the people of Thamud full of pride and arrogance? Why are we like the people of Madyan who immitated the evils of their forefathers and who are corrupt when it comes to financial transactions and introduced secularism into the world? Why do we follow their corruption in business and politics without commemorating their punishment? Why are we living like the people of Moses, alayhissalam and Noah alayhissalam just doing what we want, ignoring our Creator and being ungrateful to the Sustainer and Cherisher of this world? Why are we, the human race, copying the path of Pharaoh by creating tyrannic dictatorships and monopolies, or by believing that we are gods and idols? Why do we ignore the fact that everyone is meant to die? We the human race fail to recognize that punishment is near and that torment of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala is most severe, because Allah is Most Severe in chastisement. He is the All-Supreme and All-Merciful. Are we aware of the evil of Shaytaanir Rajeem? He wants to mislead us so that we may incur the Wrath of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. He is our enemy and we must take him as The Enemy. Shaytaan assumes that he is smart and clever, but he is a fool because a mind that leads a person to eternal torment in Hellfire does not have any intelligence. We are ignorant because we do not really love Allah Subhana Ta­ala enough. We do not love and fear Allah because our hearts are rough and stubborn. Our hearts are rough and stubborn, because we do not know our Creator. This is a reason why we are not aware of the fact that we all will meet our All-Sufficient God Almighty. A way to make our hearts soft and God­-conscious is not very difficult. Actually, it is very easy to accomplish, but the majority is heedless but not unaware. We solve this problem by learning about Al-Akhira - the Afterlife. If we know the Afterlife our hearts will be attached to it, Insha'Allah. That means that our hearts will also be attached to the Sovereign of the Day of Judgement. This may lead us to yearn to meet our Creator. Remember, we can serve only one master, either Allah Subhana Ta´ala or this materialistic dunia. Remember also that our hearts will be there where our treasure is. Consequently, if our treasure is in Paradise our hearts will be in Paradise and if we place our treasure in dunya only then we will find it in dunya and our hearts would be attached to dunya. However, what is the best treasure? The best treasure is not our family nor our money nor the palaces and rivers of Paradise nor Eternal Life. Even meeting with the best of creations the Prophets and Messengers of Allah come even close to the best of treasures, let alone meeting our beloved angels Gabriel, Mika'eel, Israfeel or others. The best treasure of all is that Allah Subhana Ta´ala is completely pleased with us and tells us that He will never ever be annoyed with us anymore and that Allah is happy with us. So happy, so pleased that we have eternal freedom and an eternal home and eternal peace. The greatest treasure is when Allah gives us without measure, just because he is pleased with us. The best treasure is when Allah shows us what his names mean, when Allah shows us what ArRahman and ArRaheem means. The best of treasures is that Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala bestows mercy and forgiveness on us and gives us the permission to enter our home and relieves us from our homesickness that lived/lives in our hearts and minds. The best of treasures is when Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala gives us peace and security on the Day of Judgement and lifts the Veil from His Face in Jannah either once a week or twice a day. If we know what it means to please Allah Subhana Ta´ala, then we never want to displease Allah. We are eager to please Allah and receive Allah´s love and protection and reward. We would love and yearn for pleasing Allah and fear the punishment while hoping of Allah's Mercy and Forgiveness. Freedom means submission to One God Alone surrendering to his will. How many tears will flow when we stand before Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala unprepared and hearts full of sins. How many hearts will sorrow when the book of deeds lands on the left hand. How much sweat will we sweat out of fear and heat on Judgement Day. How much sweat will we sweat when the sun burns so hot one mile above our heads. Let look up to the seven heavens. All of this will be destroyed. Hellfire and paradise - which home do we wish to dwell in? THE END
  18. Uttering Evil In Public

    salam Tafsir Ibn Kathir - Surah 4: An-Nisaa (148-149): 148: Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower. 149: Whether you disclose a good deed or conceal it, or pardon an evil, verily, Allaah is Ever Pardoning, All-Powerful. The Permission to Utter Evil in Public, For One Who Was Wronged: Ali bin Abi Talhah said that ibn Abbaas commented on the Aayah: "Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public" Allah does not like that any one should invoke Him against anyone else, unless one was wronged. In this case, Allah allows one to invoke Him against whoever wronged him. Hence Allah's statement: "except by him who has been wronged." Yet, it is better for one (who was wronged) if he observes patience. [ibn Abbaas/At-Tabari 9:344] Al Hasan Al Basri commented: "One should not invoke Allah for curses against whoever wronged him. Rather, he should supplicate: Oh Allah! Help me against him and take my right from him" [At Tabari 9:344] Al Hasan Al Basri said further: "Allah has allowed one to invoke Him against whoever wronged him without transgressing the limits." Abdulkareem bin Maalik Al Jazari said about this aayah: "When a man curses you, you could curse him in retaliation. Yet if he lies about you, you may not lie about him." Allah says: "And indeed whosoever takes revenge after he has suffered wrong, for such there is no way of blame against them" Abu Dawood recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam had said: "Whatever words are uttered by those who curse each other, then he who started it will carry the burden thereof, unless the one who was wronged transgresses the limit." [Dawood 4894] Allah says: "Whether you disclose a good deed, or conceal it, or pardon an evil; verily, Allah is Ever Pardoning, All-Powerful" Meaning: When you, mankind, admit to a good favor done to you, or conceal it, and forgive those who wrong you, then this will bring you closer to Allah and increase your reward with Him. Among Allah's attributes is that He forgives and pardons His servants, although He is able to punish them. Hence Allah's statement: "Verily, Allah is Ever Pardoning, All-Powerful." It was reported that some of the angels who carry Allah's Throne praise Him saying: "All praise is due to You for Your forbearing even though You have perfect knowledge in all evil committed." Some of them supplicate: "All praise is due to You for Your forgiving even though You have perfect ability to punish." An authentic hadeeth states: "No charity shall ever decrease wealth, and Allah will only increase the honor of a servant who pardons, and he who is humble for Allah's sake, then Allah will elevate his grade." [sahih Muslim 4:2001]
  19. Names Of Hellfire

    salam First name: Saqar[using large font size is not allowed] Saqar Allah azza wa jal describes the state of the Mujrimeen, the criminals, on the Day of Judgment: íóæúãó íõÓúÃóÈõæäó Ãöí ÇáäøóÇÑö Úóáóìٰ æõÌõæåöåöãú ÃõæÞõæÇ ãóÓøó ÓóÞóÑó The Day they will be dragged on their faces into the Fire (it will be said to them): “Taste the touch of Saqar!†(54:48) íõÓúÃóÈõæäó, yushaboona, not only means to drag, but it means to drag someone out of disgrace. The criminals will be humiliated by being dragged on their faces–the most honorable part of our bodies and it will be said to them: ÃõæÞõæÇ ãóÓøó ÓóÞóÑó, ‘taste the touch of saqar!’ The use of dhooqoo, taste, and mass, touch, show us how the people of Hell-Fire will be dealt with. When we think of ‘taste’, it gives us the connotation of perceiving and experiencing something slowly. How is this tasting different than akala, eating? It is said that tasting refers to a small amount of food while akal refers to a larger portion. So those in the fire will taste the fire: they will endure it bit by bit, slowly and painfully. Moreover massa means to meet or touch or feel a thing with the hand, without any interference. Massa also means strike, smite, and befall. Imagine the difference of feeling the heat of an oven, and then opening the door and experiencing the heat directly on your face. The criminals will feel the fire directly, they will receive this torment first-hand in a slow and penetrating manner. Saqar, which means to burn, is one of the descriptive names of Hell-Fire and it appears four times in the Qur’an. Most of the names of Hell-Fire include the definition of burning, but the intricacies in the language show us that each name denotes a different type and description of fire or burning. What type of burning does Saqar refer too? The root meaning of Saqar means to injure and change the form of something by heat and to scorch something. Saqrah is used for extreme heat of the sun, which causes appearances to change; such as melting. Musmaqir means an intensely hot day and saqaraat, means the violent stroke of the sun. It is said: saqarathu ash-shams, the sun scorched or burned him. The use of saqar gives two meanings: 1. Extreme heat that will cause alteration in the complexion and skin. (Have you ever received a sun burn?) 2. Extreme heat that will cause pain. (Have you ever received a headache after a long day in the heat?) From this literal definition, we learn that saqar is extreme heat that melts, changes the nature and appearance of something and in particular changes the skin and surface, as well as extreme heat that causes pain and discomfort. Allah azza wa jal asks us in Surah Muddaththir, æóãóÇ ÃóÃúÑóÇßó ãóÇ ÓóÞóÑõ And what will make you know (exactly) what Saqar is? (56:27) Then He ta’ala gives us the definition of Saqar: áóÇ ÊõÈúÞöí æóáóÇ ÊóÃóÑõ It spares not, nor does it leave! (56:28) Saqar does not let anything remain: Everything that goes into this fire will be burned. And it does not leave behind: This fire will affect everyone and no part of them will be left untouched by the fire. Furthermore it is: áóæøóÇÃóÉñ áöøáúÈóÔóÑö Burning and blackening the skins! (56:29) This Saqar is lawwaahah: laaha is when skin darkens due to exposure to heat, fire, and also from hard work and thirst. This fire will have a terrible effect on the skin of human beings, leaving their skins crisp and black. The structure of this word shows us the continuous effect of the Saqar, it not only burns once, but it continues to burn the skins again and again. As if this description was not enough to strike fear into our hearts, Allah ta’ala ends these ayaat with a reminder: ÚóáóíúåóÇ ÊöÓúÚóÉó ÚóÔóÑó Over it are nineteen. (56:30) Upon it are 19 angels, stern and strong, who do not disobey the command of Allah azza wa jal. Who then, can escape from Saqar?
  20. Faith In Prophets

    salam The Prophet Daniel alayhissalam is not mentioned in Qur'an nor in the Sunnah, but during the Khilafa of Umar ibn Al Khattab there was a kind of flood in Ash-Shaam and uncovered a grave and the person in the grave was said to be a prophet, the Prophet Daniel. What was amazing is that the body was still intact as if it was alive. They could not find any injury or signs of decay. They dug thirteen graves for him so that people don't know where he is exactly buried, so that they do not start any kind of worship.
  21. salam Is the Caucasus Region part of Khurasaan? There will also be an army who will ride out from Damascus not to help the Imam Mahdi, but to fight him but they will be miraculously swallowed by the earth while marching towards the Mahdi. I am wondering what Muslim army would want to fight the Mahdi. Is there any description of this army?
  22. So Who's Right?

    salam What are the Fixed Pillars of the True Religion according to your understanding? If you don't understand what I mean, what are the characteristics you (all members) expect a religion to have to pass the test, so that it can be called the True Religion/Philosophy/Ideology? (Religion also includes non-religion or atheism or others)
  23. salam The History of Mawlid: It is unanimously agreed upon, by historians, legal specialists and theologians of all groups, that the Prophet salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam himself never commanded his followers to celebrate his birthday, nor was this practice known for the first few centuries of Islam. Therefore, the question arises as to how this practice was instituted and who were the first group to think of the idea of celebrating the birthday of the Prophet salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam. The Origin of the Mawlid The first mention ever made of the mawlid celebrations in any historical work comes in the writings of Jamāl al-Dīn Ibn al-Ma’mūn, who died 587 AH/1192 CE. His father was the Grand Vizier for the Fatimid Caliph al-Amir (ruled 494-524 AH/1101-1130 CE). Although the work of Ibn al-Ma’mūn is now lost, many parts of it were quoted by later scholars, in particular the most famous medieval historian of Egypt, al-Maqrīzi (d. 845/1442) in his monumental Mawā’īẓ al-i’tibār fī khiṭaṭ Miṣr wa-l-amṣār (shortened to the Khiṭaṭ). Al-Maqrīzi’s book is the standard source of information for Fatimid and early Mamlūk Egypt. What makes this work stand out above many others is not only its comprehensiveness, but also the fact that al-Maqrīzī quotes from many earlier references that are now lost, and also takes great care to cite his source, a practice very rare for the time. Al-Maqrīzī relies upon the work of Ibn al-Ma’mūn for information regarding the social, political and religious policies of the Fatimids during the early part of the sixth century, which was the period that Ibn al-Ma’mūn’s father worked for the Fatimid Caliph. Due to the high position that his father enjoyed, Ibn al-Ma’mūn provided many details that outside historians could not possibly have been privy to. Before proceeding, it is important to point out some facts regarding the Fatimid dynasty. This dynasty had established itself as a rival dynasty to the Abbasids in Baghdad. They had conquered Egypt in 358 AH/969 CE, and established the modern city of Cairo. They claimed descent from the Family of the Prophet (a claim that all others deemed to be fabricated), and followed the Sevener Branch of Shi’ite Islam, also known as ‘Ismailism’. Their beliefs and customs were so different from other branches of Islam that all Sunnis and even many other non-Ismaili Shi’ite groups deemed them outside the fold of the religion. The Ismailis had reinterpreted the five pillars of Islam to such a level that they would not conform to the regular rituals that other Muslims are accustomed to (such as the five daily prayers). The intellectual (and at times even biological) descendants of the Fatimid caliphs in our times are many. In particular, the Ismaili Aga Khan Imams and the Bohri Imams both trace their direct lineage to the Fatimid caliphs, and the group known as the Druze also are an offshoot of the Fatimid dynasty. It was this dynasty that first initiated the celebration of the mawlid. To return to our topic, Al-Maqrizi, in his Khiṭaṭ, quotes Ibn al-Ma’mūn as follows, writing about the events of the year 517 A.H.: Next, the month of Rabī’ al-Awwal arrived, and we shall begin [the events of this month] by mentioning the thing for which it has become famous, namely, the birthday of the Master of the first and last, Muhammad, on the thirteen [sic.] day. And by way of charity, the Caliph presented 6000 dirhams from the fund of najāwa [an Ismailite tithe], and from the dar al-fitra he presented 40 dishes of pastry, and from the chambers of the trustees and caretakers of the mausoleums that lie between the Hill and Qarafa, where the Al al-Bayt lie, he gave sugar, almonds, honey, and sesame oil [as a gift] to each mausoleum. And [his Vizier] took charge of distributing 400 pounds (ratl) of sweets, and 1000 pounds of bread. The wording of the paragraph clearly suggests that the mawlid was a clearly established practiced by this time. Another early source that mentions the mawlid is the work of Ibn al-Ṭuwayr (d. 617/1220), in his work Nuzhat al-Muqlatayn fī Akhbārt al-Dawlatayn. Ibn al-Ṭuwayr worked as a secretary for the Fatimid dynasty, and witnessed the change of power from the Fatimids to the Ayyubids, at the hand of Salaḥ al-Dīn al-Ayyūbi, which occurred 567/1071. His skills were so appreciated that he ended up working for the government of Ṣalāh al-Dīn as well. Ibn al-Ṭuwayr also describes the pageantry and pomp associated with the mawlid. He describes in detail [see: Nuzhat, p. 217-219] the large amounts of foods that were distributed on this day, especially around the famous mausoleums of Cairo (some of which would have been considered by the Fatimids as being those of their Imams). The focus of the pageantry, of course, was the palace of the Caliph, and only the elite would get to attend. The celebrations of the day worked their way up to the appearance of the Caliph (who was the living Imam for the Ismailites) from a palace window, his face covered in a turban. He himself would not deign to speak - rather, his private attendants would signal to the audience that the Caliph had returned their greetings and seen their love for him. From the courtyard pavilion various reciters and preachers would address the audience, finally culminating in the address of the khatib of the Azhar Masjid (which of course, at that time, was the epitome of Ismaili academics). The mawlid was not the only celebration that was sponsored by the Fatimids. Al-Maqrīzi, in his Khiṭaṭ [vol. 1, p. 490], has an entire section dedicated to Fatimid holidays. He writes, under a chapter heading entitled, “The mentioning of the days that the Fatimid Caliphs took as celebrations and festivals throughout the year, upon which the situation of the people would be improved and their benefits increased,†The Fatimid Caliphs had, throughout the year, a number of festivals and celebrations. These were: 1. New Year’s Eve, 2. Beginning of the year celebrations, 3. The Day of ‘Āshūrā’, 4. The birthday of the Prophet salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam, 5. The birthday of ‘Alī, 6. The birthday of al-Ḥasan, 7. The birthday of al-Husayn, 8. The birthday of Fāṭima al-Zahrā’, 9. The birthday of the current Caliph, 10. The first day of Rajab, 11. The fifteenth day of Rajab, 12. The first day of Sha’bān, 13. The fifteenth day of Sha’bān, 14. The festival of Ramaḍān, 15. the first day of Ramaḍān, 16. The middle of Ramaḍān, 17. The end of Ramaḍān, 18. The Night of the Khatm, 19. The Day of Eid al-Fitr, 20. The Day of Eid of Sacrifice, 21. The Day of Eid al-Ghadīr, 22. The ‘Cloth of Winter’, 23. The ‘Cloth of Summer’, 24. The Day of the ‘Conquest of the Peninsula’, 25. The Day of Nawrūz [Persian festival], 26. The Day of Veneration [Christian], 27. Christmas [Christian], 28 Lent [Christian] As can be seen, the Fatimids loved their celebrations! The reason why they had so many celebrations is obvious, and is hinted at by al-Maqrīzi in his title. As the main rival to the ‘Abbāsid dynasty, the Fatimids were desperate to try to legitimize their rule in the eyes of the masses, and one of the ways to do so was to shower them with gifts on these days, and to provide an outlet for them to be merry and enjoy. Al-Maqrīzi mentions in detail the types of gifts that would be showered on the people on each of these days, sometimes exotic dishes of meat and bread, most of the time pastries and sweets, and even (on the ‘Cloth’ days) special types of clothes. Anyone who has been to Cairo can attest to the pomp of Fatimid structures, but it wasn’t only through architecture that the Fatimids wished to prove their superiority over the Abbasids. Another thing to note is that there are many pagan festivals listed as well, for the Zoroastrian and Christian citizens. All of this was done to appease these minorities and prevent them from rebelling against the stage. A number of factors need to be discussed here. 1) From the above, it appears that the Faṭimids instituted a number of key yearly celebrations, all of which involved much pomp and pageantry. The primary celebrations were the mawlids of the Prophet and Imams, and also the celebration of the day of Ghadīr Khumm (the day that Shi’ites of all stripes believe the Prophet designated ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib to be the heir apparent). As mentioned earlier, the primary purpose of so much pageantry was to ingratiate themselves with the masses. Such public celebrations would have been anticipated as public holidays, and as days to revel and enjoy good food and sweets, compliments of the government. 2) We can also venture a rough guess regarding the era that the mawlid was introduced. Without any other sources, it is impossible to reconstruct a precise date on which the Faṭimids initiated the mawlid.[1] However, recall that al-Maqrizī’s history (the Khiṭat) is merely a compilation of numerous histories that are now missing. Many of these histories, such as those of Ibn al-Ma’mūn and Ibn Ṭuwayr, were written by eyewitnesses. Modern scholars have analyzed the sources of al-Maqrīzi’s history, and shown that for each era, al-Maqrizī relied on specific authors. For events of the third, fourth and fifth centuries, al-Maqrizī took from authors of other works; it was only for events of the sixth century that he quoted Ibn al-Ma’mūn.[2] Therefore, since the first suggestion of the mawlid occurs in the chronicles of Ibn al-Ma’mūn, we can safely venture the hypothesis that the mawlid was first celebrated around the turn of the sixth hijrī century. 3) All of the mawlids introduced by the Fatimids centered around the Family of the Prophet, except for the mawlid of the Prophet salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam himself. The Shi’ite nature of the Fatimid Dynasty, along with the other celebrations that were practiced, makes it quite clear that the entire concept of celebrating birthdays was a Shi’īte one aimed at exalting the status of the Imams. In fact, these source books mention that on the days of these other mawlids, most of the ceremonies took place around the mausoleums and graves of the Fatimids, and it was at these places where much of the food was distributed. Hence, the Fatimids clearly wished to promote the cult of the Imams and ‘Ahl al-Bayt’, and aggrandize their religious figures. When the Fatimid dynasty collapsed, the other mawlids were simply forgotten, as they held no significance for Sunnis, but the mawlid of the Prophet salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam continued. In other words, the mawlid was originally an Isma’ili Shi’ite festival, even though eventually it lost the tarnish of its Shi’ite origins. 4) The earliest reference (that of Ibn al-Ma’mūn) specifically states that the mawlid was celebrated on the 13th of Rabi’ al-Awwal. Scholars have said that this is either an error (and what proves this is that the later Ibn al-Ṭuwayr correctly writes that it was celebrated on the 12th of Rabī’ al-Awwal), or that it was initially instituted on the 13th, but within a generation was changed to the 12th. In either case, by the middle of the sixth century, the mawlid was an official holiday in Fatimid Egypt. The question then arises: how did the mawlid spread to Sunni lands, and who was the first to introduce it to lands East and West of Fatimid Egypt? That shall be the topic of the third and final part to this article, insha Allah. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- [1] The modern Egyptian author Hasan al-Sandubi, in the only monograph in Arabic on the subject, suggests that th Fatimid Caliph al-Mu’izz was the first to initiate this celebration, but there is absolutely no evidence that he brings to back this claim. Al-Mu’izz ruled from 341 to 365 A.H. [2] See the editor’s introduction to Nuzhat al-Muqlatayn, p. 3, where he lists al-Maqrizī’s sources for every era.
  24. The Zionists And The Jews

    salam It seems from a lecture I listened to that the war between Islam and Zionism is a different war than the war between Islam and the Jews which will happen in the future. According to the lecture it says that the Romans/West and the Muslims will fight a common enemy. Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala will give the Muslims victory, but not the West/Romans/Christians. The Christians will become jealous and attack the Muslims which starts the final war between the Muslims and the Romans. The lecturer assumes that the common enemy must be israel. However, the war between the Muslims and the Jews will happen in the time of the dajjal and in the time of the Mahdi when the Jews will follow the dajjal. Remember, that this is about future events which are still ghayb. These are the events in chronological order according to the lecture by Tawfigue Chowndhury: 1. There will be some peace treaty between the Muslims and the Christians/West/Romans (authentic narration: Bukhary/Muslim/Abu Dawood), according to the lecturer the peace treaty already happened between the West and the Muslim. The peace treaty will be violated by the Romans. 2. The Mother of Wars/the War of Wars will happen: The Muslims will join forces with the Romans to fight a common enemy. This war (Armageddon) will take place in the land of Palestine. This is even confirmed in the bible. This battle will last for four days. The Christians/Roman Army/United Nations? will have eighty standards/banners of war and under each banner will be 12000 men - 12000*80= 960000 soldiers. The number of Muslim soldiers is unknown. 3. After four days fighting Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala will give victory to the Muslims, but not to the West. Due to jealousy the Christians will prepare to attack the Muslim. The will be some month period between the fight between the Romans and the Muslims. It is in this time between the two wars, when three of the children of the Khalifa in Arabia will be fighting over the throne of Arabia (probably three sons of the king of Saudi Arabia will fight over the throne of Saudi Arabia). At that time the Imam Muhammad ibn Abdullah Al-Mahdi (Imam Mahdi) will emerge. The people will give pledge of allegiance to him. A Muslim army from Damascus will come to fight the Mahdi, but this army will be swallowed by the earth. Just right before the fight between the Romans and the Muslim the Imam Mahdi will emerge. The Muslims will be victorious against the Romans/West. The fight will last 7 days altogether. 4. After the victory against the Romans someone will come to the Imam Mahdi and announce him that the Dajjal came out, so the war against the Dajjal begins. 5. Imam Mahdi and army of Black Flags from Khurasaan will be cornered in Damascus in the Umayad Masjid where Eesa bin Maryam will descend and will pray behind the Imam Mahdi. 6. In a different part of the world a Muslim army will fight India and be victorious and this army will move from India to Damascus to meet and join with 'Eesa ben Maryam alayhissalam. I don't want to post the entire lecture here, but please check the Islamic Video forum where I will post the entire lecture. Now! If the mother of wars is against the Zionists of israel then war between the Muslims and the Yahood will still come. The war with the Yahood will be a different conflict, a different battle, and this will be the war against Antichrist who is followed by 70000 Yahood from ESFAHAAN, KHURASAN, IRAN. And I have the strange feeling and fear that those Yahood who now protest against the State of israel will be the enemy. If they loves us Muslims then they would have become Muslim already. There might be some who are sincere, but in future I feel that this group of Jews will be our enemy in war unfortunately. Allah knows best. People might not like this situation, but this is what it looks like. However, the future events are ghayb. Therefore, there could be other possibilities. ESFAHAAN is one of the centers of the anti-Zionist Jews, but this does not mean that they are on our side. Let's see what future brings. Now we concentrate on the Mother of Wars and the War with the Romans and then let's see what happens. Whatever it will be one thing I am pretty sure: The war against the Zionists and the war against the Jews are two different wars that will happen in different times. May we be ready for the Mother of Wars, because it will happen very soon. Let us be those who give pledge to Imam Muhammad/Ahmad ibn Abdullah Al-Mahdi, radi Allahu anhu. We think that everything is far away, but it is closer that we can imagine. I believe the around 2012 there will be something great and scary happening. I the Mother of Wars happen in our time then my warcry insha'Allah will be: "Shahada or Victory!!!"