Jump to content
Islamic Forum

Absolute truth

IF Guardian
  • Content count

    857
  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won

    27

Everything posted by Absolute truth

  1. English Quran Tafseer/Commentaries

    English Tafseer/Commentaries Of The Noble Quran Some of the English Commentaries/Tafseer Of The Noble Quran that are Available online: 1 Maruf Ul Quran By Mufti Shafi Usmani (Translated By Mufti Taqi Usmani) (Recommended) Visit https://archive.org/compress/English-MaarifulQuran/formats=TEXT%20PDF&file=/English-MaarifulQuran.zip (pdf) Or http://www.islamicstudies.info/quran/maarif/maarif.php (online) 2 Tafseer Daryabadi by Abdul Majid Daryabadi Visit http://quranwebsite.com/read/abdul_majid_darababadi__english.html (Vol 1,2 and 3) (pdf) https://archive.org/download/Quran-EnglishCommentary-AbdulMajidDaryabadiVol.4/Quran-EnglishCommentary-AbdulMajidDaryabadiVol.4.pdf (Vol 4) (pdf) Or http://www.islamicstudies.info/quran/daryabadi (online) 3 Tafseer Ibn Kathir (Abridged) (Ulema Guidance Required) http://quranwebsite.com/read/Tafsir%20Ibn%20Kathir%20-%20Volume%2001-10%20-%20English.pdf (pdf) Or http://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3000&Itemid=731 (Online) 4 Quran- The Living Truth by Basheer Ahmad Mohydeen https://yassarnalquran.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/quran-the-living-truth.pdf (pdf) 5 Anwar Ul Bayan https://archive.org/compress/IlluminatingDiscoursesOnTheNobleQurantafseerAnwarulBayan/formats=IMAGE%20CONTAINER%20PDF&file=/IlluminatingDiscoursesOnTheNobleQurantafseerAnwarulBayan.zip (pdf) 6 Tadabbur Ul Quran http://quranwebsite.com/tadaddbur-e-quran%20english/tadabbur_e_quran_english.html (pdf) 7 The Message of The Quran (Ulema Guidance Required due to some Deviant Mutazila Views) by Mohammad Asad https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.muhammad-asad.com%2FMessage-of-Quran.pdf&usg=AOvVaw0_1spHnzDNLB1olwTmke4g&ved=2ahUKEwj93MbZz9nYAhXKUbwKHYQiBkMQFjAAegQIFRAB (pdf) 8 In the Shade of The Quran by Syed Qutb (Ulema Guidance Required due to some Deviant Views) https://yassarnalquran.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/in-the-shade-of-the-quran-full-set.pdf (pdf) 9 The Study Quran by Syed Nasr Hossein (Ulema Guidance Required due to some Deviant Views) https://archive.org/download/TheStudyQuran_201708/Seyyed%20Hossein%20Nasr%20et%20al.%20%28eds.%29-The%20Study%20Quran_%20A%20New%20Translation%20and%20Commentary-HarperOne%20%282015%29.pdf (pdf) 10 Israr Ut Tanzeel http://english-tafseer.com/Index.html (online) 11 Tafseer Al Qurtubi Vol. 1 (Ulema Guidance Required) https://archive.org/download/TafsirAlQurtubiVolI/Tafsir%20al%20Qurtubi%20-%20Vol%20I.pdf (pdf) 12 Dawat Ul Quran by Shams Pirzada http://www.islamicstudies.info/quran/dawat (online) 13 Tafheem Ul Quran by Syed Abul Ala Maududdi (Recommended) https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=https%3A%2F%2Fplay.google.com%2Fstore%2Fapps%2Fdetails%3Fid%3Dcom.iroshni.tafheemulquraneng%26hl%3Den%26referrer%3Dutm_source%253Dgoogle%2526utm_medium%253Dorganic%2526utm_term%253Dtafheem%2Bul%2Bquran%2Benglish%2Bpdf%26pcampaignid%3DAPPU_1_1WtcWqeRKcqk8AXuxJXgBQ&usg=AOvVaw1V2ddfX-N6mXp0Mep-nULi&ved=0ahUKEwjnz7Tjy9nYAhVKErwKHW5iBVwQ8oQBCDEwAQ (Play Store) Or http://www.islamicstudies.info/tafheem.php (online) 14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali (Ulema Guidance Required due to some Deviant Views) https://archive.org/download/English-quran-with-commentariesyusuf-ali/english-quran-with-commentaries%28yusuf-ali%29.pdf (Pdf) Or https://archive.org/download/TheHolyQuranEnglishTranslationoftheMeaningandCommentary/The%20Holy%20Quran%20-%20Abdullah%20Yusuf%20Ali%20IFTA.pdf (With Commentary) (Pdf) 15 Imtiyaz Ahmed (Recommended) http://easyquranfoundation.com/?page_id=674 (pdf) 16 The Gracious Quran by Ahmed Zaki Hammad https://archive.org/download/01114TheGraciousQuranComplete/%2101-114_The_Gracious_Quran_%28Complete%29.pdf (pdf) 17 Noorul Irfan (May Contain Some Devaint Barielvy Views, therefore this Tafseer should be read Under Ulema Guidance) https://archive.org/download/TafsirNoorUlIrfanEnglishV1/Tafsir%20Noor%20ul%20Irfan%20%28English%29%20-v1.pdf (Vol 1) Or https://archive.org/download/TafsirNoorUlIrfanEnglishV2/Tafsir%20Noor%20ul%20Irfan%20%28English%29%20-v2.pdf (Vol 2) 18 Saheeh International (Recommended) https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.kalamullah.com%2FBooks%2FQuran%2520-%2520Saheeh%2520International%2520Translation%2520.pdf&usg=AOvVaw20Vcy8iUWLISX3xeB8ZLzt&ved=2ahUKEwijxcKPwtnYAhWJyLwKHW_2BGoQFjAEegQIBxAB (pdf) Or https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://quran.com/%3Flocal%3Den&ved=2ahUKEwjw27DWxtvYAhXIvrwKHfsmDKIQFjAMegQIAhAB&usg=AOvVaw09BviQ8MSfFPXpXYhH2gq6 (Online) 19 Abdel Haleem https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.kaskas.com%2Fhome%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2013%2F11%2FQuran-Abdel-Haleem-Translation-1.pdf&usg=AFQjCNE4qNL3aB1kgpvAKZPcf1gZTpJAfQ&ved=0ahUKEwi5rdiYjuPVAhULpo8KHRgbBwsQFggiMAA (pdf) 20 Dr Mehmood Ghali (Recommended) https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=http%3A%2F%2Fxa.yimg.com%2Fkq%2Fgroups%2F19371438%2F1315958654%2Fname%2FQuran.pdf&usg=AOvVaw17h-nVs-vUggeJKdtJXzRO&ved=2ahUKEwjo4NXJvdnYAhVEvLwKHZRMDzYQFjAEegQICBAB (pdf) 21 Mohammad William Pickthai (Recommended) https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=http%3A%2F%2Fislamtomorrow.com%2Fdownloads%2FQuranPikhtal.pdf&usg=AOvVaw2dKbvsNP4NFdTsCxOVmMw8&ved=2ahUKEwistc_bwdnYAhUCE7wKHdiJANIQFjACegQIERAB 22 Aysha Bewley (Recommended) https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=https%3A%2F%2Fasimiqbal2nd.files.wordpress.com%2F2010%2F03%2Fquran-bewley.pdf&usg=AFQjCNGhtwgqvtkGqr3dNx8mtMCppIGMNA&ved=0ahUKEwiHvvuO_aTVAhUJL48KHd38D5cQFggbMAA 23 Translation Of The Meanings Of The Noble Quran written by Dr. Mohammad Muhsin Khan and Dr. Mohammad Taqi Ud Deen Al Hilali https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.gph.gov.sa%2Far-sa%2FDocLib%2Fqurantrans%2F6_PDFDownloadLinkFull.pdf&usg=AOvVaw3h2TXX8ZDxmVT1qxS-ohFH&ved=2ahUKEwjVufHxw9nYAhUCNbwKHXtGBgQQFjABegQIFBAB (pdf) Or http://www.pdfquran.com/download/english/english-quran.pdf (pdf) Or http://qurancomplex.gov.sa/Quran/Targama/Targama.asp?SecOrder=4&SubItemID=1&SubSecOrder=1&TabID=4&l=arb&t=eng (Online) 24 The Clear Quran –A Thematic English Translation (of the meaning of The Noble Quran by Dr. Mustafa Khattab (Recommended) https://www.google.co.in/url?rct=j&sa=t&source=web&url=https%3A%2F%2Fplay.google.com%2Fstore%2Fapps%2Fdetails%3Fid%3Dcom.quran.labs.androidquran%26hl%3Den%26referrer%3Dutm_source%253Dgoogle%2526utm_medium%253Dorganic%2526utm_term%253Dquran%2Bbest%2Btranslation%26pcampaignid%3DAPPU_1_5j17WZSMEoi18QWJhIyYDA&usg=AFQjCNEMZ6U0X2Mi4W9QRusUkqlM04lOkA&ved=0ahUKEwiUl42qjKzVAhWIWrwKHQkCA8MQ5YQBCKkBMBI (Play Store) 25 Irfan Ul Quran by Dr. Tahir Ul Qadri http://www.irfan-ul-quran.com/quran/english/contents/sura/cols/0/ar/1/ur/1/ra/1en/1/sid/36#65 (online) Or http://www.irfan-ul-quran.com/quran/english/tid/50/Irfan-ul-Quran-Apps.html (Play Store) 26 Al Huda (Word To Word) http://www.alhudaecampus.com/english-juz-complete (Pdf) 27 Mohammad Mohar Ali (Word To Word) https://yassarnalquran.wordpress.com/2012/07/26/word-for-word-translation-of-the-quran/ (Pdf) 28 Dr. Shehnaz And Kausar (Word To Word) http://www.emuslim.com/Quran/Translation_English.asp (Pdf) Or http://www.islamicstudies.info/quran/wordtranslation.php (Online) 29 Summary of All 30 Parts Of The Noble Quran (Juz By Juz) https://yassarnalquran.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/juzbyjuz.pdf (Pdf) 30 Quran Dictionary by Abdul Kareem Parekh https://yassarnalquran.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/the-easy-dictionary-of-the-quran.pdf (pdf) 31 Why Islam (Proofs From Modern Science) https://yassarnalquran.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/why-islam-proofs-of-modern-science.pdf (Pdf) 32 Scientific Truths in the Quran https://yassarnalquran.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/scientific-truths-in-the-quran.pdf (Pdf) 33 The Unchallengeable Miracles of the Quran (Recommended) https://archive.org/download/TheUnchallengeableMiraclesOfTheQuran-/TheUnchallengeableMiraclesOfTheQuran-Alhamdulillah-library.blogspot.in.pdf 34 Quran- The Miracles of the Miracles by Ahmed Deedat https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.islamicbulletin.org/free_downloads/quran/the_miracle_of_miracles_deedat.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwj76JG5u9vYAhWMEbwKHQKNAj8QFjAAegQIERAB&usg=AOvVaw1d36SLSR4fkkKXsh1qnKQ8 (Pdf) 35 Ahmad Raza Khan http://tanzil.net/trans/en.ahmedraza (doc) or http://tanzil.net/#trans/en.ahmedraza/19:1 (Online) 36 Talal Itani https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://blog.clearquran.com/download/&ved=2ahUKEwiRgabnxdvYAhWDurwKHVLIAGgQjBAwAXoECAkQBw&usg=AOvVaw3y4lNhpydEVsk3Lox3erA2 (Pdf) Or https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://m.clearquran.com/&ved=2ahUKEwiRgabnxdvYAhWDurwKHVLIAGgQFjAAegQICRAD&usg=AOvVaw0JQaRaL2YyX8L75ux1IoC9 (Online) 37 Kanzul Eeman https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.nooremadinah.net/Al-Quran/EnglishTranslation/Download/QuranEnglishTranslation.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwj6vqaZyNvYAhVBuJQKHR_pBkUQFjAAegQIDRAB&usg=AOvVaw1Y9tWHbj5furocsFtIm_ic (Pdf) Or http://ahadees.com/english-translation.html (Online) 38 Ahmed Ali https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.studyquran.org/Ahmed_Ali_Al_Quran.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwja6qXtyNvYAhVBuJQKHR_pBkUQFjAAegQIFRAB&usg=AOvVaw1cumJ7tS2eiIlmS2nqem0M (Pdf) Or http://tanzil.net/#trans/en.ahmedali/19:1 (Online)
  2. The Best Book On Prophet's Life !

    The Noble Life Of The Prophet – (3 Volumes) Dr. ‘Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 2025 | Size: 44 MB http://islamfuture.wordpress.com/2011/08/31/the-noble-life-of-the-prophet-3-volumes/ In this book, the events of the Prophet’s life, from the day he (S) was born and even before that day for background information-until the day he (S) died, have been recorded. Beyond enumerating the events of the Prophet’s life, lessons and morals from those events have been drawn to point out the significance of an event and the wisdom behind the Prophet’s actions or deeds, the Islamic ruling that is derived from a particular incident, and the impact that a given event should have on our character or choice of deeds is indicated. Male or female, adult or child, scholar or commoner, businessman or laborer – all Muslims need to study the biography of the Messenger of Allah. In fact, the fulfillment of many of our Islamic duties hinges upon our knowledge of the Prophet’s life. For example, every Muslim should love the Prophet (S) yet how can one love him without knowing him. We were not alive when the Prophet (S) was preaching the message of Islam to the Quraish, so the only way we have left to become intimately acquainted with the Prophet (S) and consequently to love him, is to study his sayings and deeds, which give us partial glimpses of his life, or to study his biography, which fits the pieces of his life together, so that we can have an overall view of his ideal character. And how are we to follow the Prophet (S) if we do not know his sayings and deeds, or – which is more relevant to his biography – the context in which his sayings and deeds occurred. Thus we are all in dire need of acquainting ourselves with the life of the Prophet (S) Through the study of the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography), we are able to appreciate how the Prophet (S) was an ideal husband, ideal father, ideal leader, ideal ruler, ideal educator, ideal judge, and so on. So regardless of our situation and who we are, we benefit from studying the Prophet’s life. If one has dedicated at least some part of his life to inviting others to Islam (which makes him a Daa’ee – a word I will henceforward use one who invites others to the teachings of Islam), then the Prophet’s biography is for him an indispensable guidebook. Through studying the Prophet’s Seerah, the Daa’ee learns about the Prophet’s methodology for inviting others to Islam; furthermore, he learns about how the Prophet (S) dealt with those who refused to embrace Islam and how he ;t”,’ was patient when he was made to suffer at their hands, not to mention the countless other lessons and morals he learns from the Seerah. If one is an educator – of children at home or school, or of adults at a community level – one learns how the best educator mankind has ever known raised a generation of true Muslims, who went on to develop the most wonderful civilization that mankind has ever known. The early converts to Islam were educated in the world’s finest institution of higher learning – the House of Al-Arqam (the house wherein Muslims secretly met in the early days of Islam) – where the Prophet (S) taught them the Qur’an, Islamic beliefs, the manners of Islam, and so on. His students graduated with flying colors, becoming leaders and educators of the following generation of Muslims. If one is a leader, one learns true qualities of leadership from the Prophet’s Seerah, in terms of how the Prophet (S) was just; how he united the Muslims; how he (S) dealt with subversive elements of society, namely the hypocrites, who were headed by ‘Abdullah ibn Ubai ibn Salool; and how he (S) constantly strove for the betterment of the Muslim nation. If one is a scholar, one relies on the Seerah to understand the Qur’an, for the Prophet’s actions represent a practical application of the teachings of the Qur’an. Furthermore, the revelation of many Verses was prompted by actual events that took place during the Prophet’s lifetime; a scholar can only understand such Verses if he understands the events for which they were revealed. And in fact (as we will In Sha Allah see throughout this book) knowledge of all Islamic sciences – such as ‘Aqeedah (beliefs), jurisprudence, and Tafseer – hinges frequently upon knowledge of some aspect of the Prophet’s Seerah. If a Muslim inclines towards Zuhd (to abstain from worldly pleasures for the sake of Allah) he can learn, through the study of the Seerah, the difference between true Zuhd and extremism, for the correct way to live is the balanced life that the Prophet (S) and his Companions led. If a Muslim is afflicted by calamity, he can find consolation in the Seerah, for no one was afflicted with as much hardship as was the Messenger of Allah; beyond consolation, the afflicted person becomes encouraged to follow the example of the Prophet; and patiently await for his reward from Allah . In short, there are valuable lessons to be found in the Seerah for every single Muslim. Not just the Muslim individual, but also the Muslim nation as a whole needs to benefit from the lessons that are available in the Prophet’s Seerah. Nations rise and fall not through coincidence or through a set of arbitrary occurrences, but through universal laws that have been set in place by Allah . At least once in our history, Muslims have succeeded in building a wonderful and stable civilization, and that was during the lifetime of the Prophetand his rightly guided Caliphs; and even if Muslims prospered in later centuries, they never prospered as much as they did in the early golden years of Islam. Now we come back to the universal laws I mentioned above: The Prophet , and his Companions established a stable and prosperous nation not by chance, but by living in harmony with the said universal laws. What this means is that there is a pattern: If we want to now repeat the success that was achieved by the Muslims during the lifetime of the Prophet Oh, we need to be in harmony with the same set of laws, and in doing so, we have an ideal blueprint to follow – the lives of the Prophet (S) and his noble Companions ®.
  3. My job is in conflict with my religion.

    Welcome to the forum Prophet Muhammad -sala Allahu alayahe wa salam- said: "إنَّ الْحَلَالَ بَيِّنٌ، وَإِنَّ الْحَرَامَ بَيِّنٌ، وَبَيْنَهُمَا أُمُورٌ مُشْتَبِهَاتٌ لَا يَعْلَمُهُنَّ كَثِيرٌ مِنْ النَّاسِ، فَمَنْ اتَّقَى الشُّبُهَاتِ فَقْد اسْتَبْرَأَ لِدِينِهِ وَعِرْضِهِ، وَمَنْ وَقَعَ فِي الشُّبُهَاتِ وَقَعَ فِي الْحَرَامِ، كَالرَّاعِي يَرْعَى حَوْلَ الْحِمَى يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَرْتَعَ فِيهِ، أَلَا وَإِنَّ لِكُلِّ مَلِكٍ حِمًى، أَلَا وَإِنَّ حِمَى اللَّهِ مَحَارِمُهُ، أَلَا وَإِنَّ فِي الْجَسَدِ مُضْغَةً إذَا صَلَحَتْ صَلَحَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ، وَإذَا فَسَدَتْ فَسَدَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ، أَلَا وَهِيَ الْقَلْبُ". “That which is lawful/halal is clear and that which is unlawful/haram is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regard to his religion and his honor, but he who falls into doubtful matters [eventually] falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh, which, if it be whole, all the body is whole, and which, if it is diseased, all of [the body] is diseased. Truly, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim] Do your best to avoid haram just like Sahaba when they heard that alcohol has been forbidden, so the roads of Al-Madinah were full of wine.
  4. God in Bible and Quraan

    Bible VS Quran: In Bible Satan Is The God Of The World !! In Quran Allah Is The Lord Of The Worlds !! In Bible Jesus Is The Cursed One !! In Quran Satan Is The Cursed One !! ◄ 2 Corinthians 4:4 ► New Living Translation 4 Satan, who is the god of this world, has blinded the minds of those who don’t believe. They are unable to see the glorious light of the Good News. They don’t understand this message about the glory of Christ, who is the exact likeness of God. ◄ Galatians 3:13 ► New International Version 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who is hung on a pole. =========================== ◄ Quran 1:2 ► All praise is to Allah, Lord of the worlds. ◄ Quran 16:98 ► So when you recite the Qur'an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled and cursed one [from His mercy].
  5. Why Do We Send Peace and Blessings Upon the Prophet? Over and over again, we send blessings on the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), but do we know the meaning of what we are saying or why we are even saying it? Understanding what it is that we repeat at every mention of Prophet Muhammad’s name will not only increase our love for him but increase our awareness of how great this man really was. God says: إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace. (Quran 33: 56) The Muslim scholar, Sheikh Al-Sa’di says: “And in this there is an indication of the Prophet’s completeness, high rank, elevated status with Allah and His creation, and his wide fame. Indeed, Allah the Exalted and His angels confer blessings upon him, meaning that Allah praises him before the angels, and in the exalted assembly of angels due to His love for him. And the angels also praise him, make dua [supplication] for him, and seek forgiveness for him in humbleness and humility.” Imagine the status of Prophet Muhammad: Pure, sinless angels praise him and make dua for him. Not only that – our creator (God) praises him before these pure creations Himself! Sheikh Sa’di continues: “Oh you who believe, ask Allah to send blessings upon him and ask Allah to grant him peace. Through this you will be following the example of Allah and the angels, rewarding him for some of the rights he has upon you, completing your faith, glorifying him, loving and honoring him, increasing your good deeds, and expiating your sins.” When Should We Send Blessings and Peace? There is only one time that the blessing upon the Prophet is mandatory, and that is in the last part of the prayer, the tashahhud (when one sits down after the last prostration). There are, however, many times that sending blessings upon the Prophet are highly recommended. These include: – After hearing his name mentioned – After hearing the call to prayer – While making dua – During the prayer offered when a person dies – During the Friday khutba (sermon) – When entering or leaving the masjid – All through the day of Friday – When teaching and conveying knowledge – At the time of the marriage contract – In times of hardship and stress Some of the Virtues of Sending Blessings Upon the Prophet: – Fulfilling the command of God, as in the verse mentioned above – Following the example of God and the angels – Receiving ten blessings from God The Prophet said: He who sends blessings on me once, Allah sends blessings on him ten times and removes from him ten sins and raises him by ten degrees. (Muslim) – Having the intercession of the Prophet on the Day of Judgment:The Prophet said: Whoever sends blessings on me ten times in the morning and ten times in the evening will have my intercession on the Day of Judgment. (Al-Albani) – Relief from worries and sins:Ubayy ibn Ka’b relates: “I said: “O Messenger of Allah, I send much blessings on you. What proportion of my prayer should I devote to (sending blessings on) you?” He said: “As much as you like.” I said: “A quarter?” He said: “As much as you like, and if you increased it would only be better for you.” I said: “Then a half?” He said: “As much as you like and if you increased then it would only be better for you.” I said: “Then two thirds?” He said: “As much as you like and if you increased it would only be better for you.” I said: “I’ll devote all of my prayers to sending blessings on you.” The Prophet said: In that case it will suffice you from your worries and your sins will be forgiven. (At-Tirmidhi) – It increases your love for the Prophet. O Allah! Send Your mercy on Muhammad and on the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your mercy on Abraham and on the family of Abraham. And send Your blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You sent your Blessings on Abraham and on the family of Abraham. Verily You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious. (Al-Bukhari) http://aboutislam.net/reading-islam/about-muhammad/why-do-we-send-peace-and-blessings-upon-the-prophet/
  6. Proofs Of The Bible's Corruption

    The Gospel of Mark: Note: This gospel is the oldest and supposedly the most original one in the New Testament! "Although the book is anonymous, apart from the ancient heading "According to Mark" in manuscripts, it has traditionally been assigned to John Mark, in whose mother's house (at Jerusalem) Christians assembled. (The New American Bible, ISBN: 978-0-529-06484-4, Page 1064)" "Although there is no direct internal evidence of authorship, it was the unanimous testimony of the early church that this Gospel was written by John Mark. (From the NIV Bible Commentary [1], page 1488)" We certainly do not know whether Mark was the author or not! The quote clearly states "no direct internal evidence of authorship". Also, the so-called unanimous testimony of the early church: - Does not prove that the author was Mark. - Nor does it prove that other people did not alter and modify the book, especially when the book was written at least 40-50 years after Christ. We don't even know if Mark even wrote the book. "Traditionally, the gospel is said to have been written shortly before A.D. 70 in Rome, at a time of impending persecution and when destruction loomed over Jerusalem. (The New American Bible, ISBN: 978-0-529-06484-4, Page 1064)" "Serious doubts exists as to whether these verses belong to the Gospel of Mark. They are absent from important early manuscripts and display certain peculiarities of vocabulary, style and theological content that are unlike the rest of Mark. His Gospel probably ended at 16:8, or its original ending has been lost. (From the NIV Bible Foot Notes [1], page 1528)" "This verse, which reads, "But if you do not forgive, neither will your heavenly Father forgive your transgressions," is omitted in the best manuscripts. (The New American Bible, ISBN: 978-0-529-06484-4, Page 1081)" "This passage, termed the Longer Ending to the Marcan gospel by comparison with a much briefer conclusion found in some less important manuscripts, has traditionally been accepted as a canonical part of the gospel and was defined as such by the Council of Trent. Early citations of it by the Fathers indicate that it was composed by the second century, although vocabulary and style indicate that it was written by someone other than Mark. (The New American Bible, ISBN: 978-0-529-06484-4, Page 1088)" So, in reality, we don't really know whether Mark was the sole author of this Gospel or not, nor do we know when and where the "gospel" was even written. And since The New Testament wasn't even documented on paper until 150-300 years (depending on what Christian you talk to) after Jesus, then how are we to know for sure that the current "Gospel of Mark" wasn't written by some pro of Mark? (http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark%2016:9-20;&version=31;) The above text reads: "The most reliable early manuscript and other ancient witnesses do not have Mark 16:9-20." Now my concern to this corruption and 'answer-the-problem-away' statement is that what are those so-called "reliable early manuscript(s)" and who are the "ancient witnesses"? I hope you see the real danger in making these assumptions when you are willing to DIE for the fact that such Gospel is the actual True Word of GOD Almighty! Further regarding this Gospel, we read the following commentary about Mark 16:9-20: "Serious doubts exists as to whether these verses belong to the Gospel of Mark. They are absent from important early manuscripts and display certain peculiarities of vocabulary, style and theological content that are unlike the rest of Mark. His Gospel probably ended at 16:8, or its original ending has been lost. (From the NIV Bible Foot Notes [1], page 1528)" This quote raises a very serious issue here. First of all, as we've seen above in the first quote, we have no evidence that proves that John Mark was the sole author of this so called "Gospel". Second of all, we see that this Gospel has some serious problems/suspicions in it. The issue of Mark 16:9-20 is a scary one, because many Christian cults today use poisonous snakes in their worship and end up dying. (see above) Removing Mark 16:9-20 is quite appreciated, because it prevents people from dying from snake bites. But however, the serious issue of man's corruption of the Bible remains. We can be absolutely certain now that the above quotes prove without a doubt that the Bible is doubtful. The quote "or its original ending has been lost" proves that what we call today "Gospels" were not written by their original authors such as Mark, John, Matthew, etc... It proves that the Gospel had been tampered with by man. Let alone considering it as the True Living Words of GOD Almighty. If John Mark wasn't the one who wrote Mark 16:9-20, then who did? And how can you prove the ownership of the other person? Let alone proving that it was GOD Almighty's Revelation. And as we saw in the first quote above, we don't even know that John Mark was indeed the one who wrote the so called "Gospel of Mark". To say the least in our case here, we now have enough evidence to discard the entire Gospel of Mark from the Bible, because you can't take bits and pieces of it and say some of it belongs to him and some of it doesn't! Let alone considering the entire corrupted Gospel as the True Living Word of GOD Almighty, which is a complete blasphemy. Please visit A dangerous forgery was inserted at the end of the so-called "Gospel of Mark". Dr. James White acknowledges that the Bible has been tampered with ! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U6BNvoy8FHU If the "gospel of Mark" was indeed Divine and from GOD Almighty, then we wouldn't have this corruption in it.
  7. Manuscript Review: The Book of Observations and Admonitions, by Ibn Sina [Ibn Sina] flourished as a great physician and philosopher, but was also a distinguished scientist, mathematician, logician, and poet at the same time… Editor’s Note: The following is an extract from N.A Baloch’s ‘The Great Books of Islamic Civilisation’. This is a short summary of Ibn Sina‘s Kitab al-Isharat wa al-Tanbihat ‘ كتاب الإشارات و التنبيهات The Book of Observations and Admonitions’. *** Figure 2. Great books of Islamic civilization by Nabi Bakhshu Khanu Balocu, 1989 (Source) Abu Ali al-Husayn b. Abdullah b. Sina, أبو علي الحسين بن عبد الله بن سينا the famous ‘Ibn Sina’ of the Islamic world and ‘Avicinna’ of the West (370-428/980-1037), was a scholar of vast learning, prodigious memory, brilliant mind, practical approach and penetrating common sense, who wrote a number of works on different subjects. He flourished as a great physician and philosopher, but was also a distinguished scientist, mathematician, logician, and poet at the same time. The historic influence of his scientific thought has come to light more recently with the publication of “Avicenna, Scientist and Philosopher” (London, 1952). His stature as a medical scientist and physician is amply confirmed by his Qanun fi al-Tibb (‘Canon Medicinae’). Though Ibn Sina was the greatest philosopher, he was not isolated from the world and lost in books or wedded only to abstract thinking. He was a busy physician, welded political influence and served as Wezier (Prime Minister) to his patron Princes. His full involvement in the living currents of life lends meaning and validity to his experience and vitality to his reflection. Besides philosophy and medicine, Ibn Sina also wrote on physics, chemistry, mathematics, natural history, astronomy and music. Of his numerous works on philosophy, only a few have survived in their complete authentic text. Among these are his encyclopaedia of natural sciences and philosophy Kitab al-Shifa’ (‘The Book of Healing’ – from ignorance), Kitab al-Isharat wa al-Tanbihat (The Book of Hints/Observations and admonitions) and Danishnama-i-ALa’i The Knowledge Book for `Ala’i’, i.e. for Prince ‘Ala’ al-Dawla). His philosophical encyclopaedia AL-SHIFA implies the following classification: (1) Theoretical Knowledge sub-divided, with regard to increasing abstraction, into physics, mathematics and metaphysics); (2) Practical Knowledge (ethics, economy, politics). Figure 3. Ibn Sina. From medieval manuscript entitled ‘Subtilties of Truth’, 1271 (Source) In al-Shifa’, Avicenna embraces the totality of the sciences according to the following plan: 1. Logic 2. Physics 3. Mathematics 4. Metaphysics In ‘The “Logic” of the Orientals’, which has survived partly, he proposed to present, for the elite, the “Oriental Philosophy”. Avicenna repudiated his own earlier works, which are chiefly Aristotelian, as being suitable for the common people; instead, he proposed to present, for the elite, the “Oriental philosophy”. His trilogy – Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (Living Son of the Awake), al-Tair (The Bird), and Salaman and Absal – deals with the complete cycle of the Gnostic’s journey from the “world of shadows” to the Divine Presence, the Orient of Light (Nasr.). Within the limits of metaphysics Avicenna includes all the ‘revealed’ data contained in the Quran. He establishes that God, the only necessity, is good, all-powerful, creator of all things, provident. Another work of Ibn Sina, much shorter than al-Shifa’ but of great importance, is Kitab al-‘Isharat wa al-Tanbihat. This impressive title may be translated literally as Hints and Warnings, or meaningfully as Directives and Remarks, Remarks and Admonitions, Observations and Admonitions, or Briefings and Criticism. It consists of four independent and self-containing parts, each dealing with a single discipline. These are: Part I – Logic Part II – Physics Part III – Metaphysics Part IV – Sufism Figure 4. Ibn Sina’s Canon of Medicine Manuscript (Source) The scheme followed by Ibn Sina in the treatment of each subject is that first he fives his own views and observations on the subject and then a critical evaluation of the views of others, both the predecessors and the contemporaries, correcting and admonishing them on their mistakes and misgiving. In his very brief preface Ibn Sina says: I have formulated principles and generalities of wisdom in this work, ‘Observations and Admonitions’, for you who are anxious to discern the truth. Guided by your own intelligence, it should be easy for you to differentiate (the principles and generalities) and determine the more specific details.” The merit of Kitab al-Isharat wa al-Tanbihat is twofold. Firstly it is of one of the complete works of Ibn Sina, and secondly in its being the latest and the most mature exposition of the four significant dimensions of Ibn Sina’s philosophical system. He wrote it for the most informed and advanced students of philosophy in his times, and hence couched it is concise, terse and abstruse style. According to him logic is a science or academic discipline in itself and at the same time also a basis or instrument for philosophical thought. Figure 5. Folios from Ibn Sina’s celebrated work AI-Qanun fit-tibb, known as The Canon of Medicine (Source) Regarding Ibn Sina’s system of philosophy it has been observed: He is the only one among the great philosophers of Islam to build an elaborate and complete system of philosophy – a system which has been dominant in the philosophical tradition of Islam for centuries, because that system had features of remarkable originality displaying a type of genius-like spirit in discovering methods and arguments whereby he sought to reformulate the purely rational and intellectual tradition of Hellenism, to which he was an eminent heir, and, to an extent, within the religious system of Islam” (Fazlur Rahman) source: http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/observations-and-admonitions-ibn-sina
  8. Hadith Collections From Early Islamic period

    In this article I will show evidences from non-Muslim Scholars that Hadith existed way before the dates they have brought forth. First Century Hadith Collections Sahifa Hamman B. Munabbih It is well-known fact among Muslim scholars that Hammam B. Munabbih was a student of Abu Huraira. The earliest hadith collection we have extant is Sahifa b. Munabbih which was written by the student of Abu Huraira. The Books name is ‘Sahifah Hammam b.Munabbih’. 1. American Scholar William Albert Graham who is a Professor of middle eastern studies states: “…..Of the four remaining collections, the earliest is the Sahifah of Hammam b. Munabbih (d. Ca. 101-02/719-20). It is a collection of 138 hadiths that dates from around the end of the first Century A.H. and contains some eighteen Divine sayings.” [1] 2. Professor Alfred Felix Landon Beeston also comments on Sahifa Hammam B. Munabbih, “An example is the Sahifah of Hammam b. Munabbih, (d. 110/719), a Yemenite follower and a disciple of Companion Abu Hurayrah, (d. 58/677), from whom Hammam learned and wrote this sahifah, which comprises 138 hadith and is believed to have been written around the mid-first/seventh Century. It is significant that Hammam introduces his text with the words: ‘Abu Hurayra told us in the course of what he related from the Prophet’, thus giving the source of his information in the manner which became known as sanad or isnad i.e. the teacher or chain of teachers through whom an author reaches the Prophet, a practice invariably and systematically followed hadith in compilations. [2] 3. In the Book ‘Encyclopaedic Historiography of the Muslim World’, written by Professor Nagendra Kr. Singh, he goes in detail on Hadith and also comments on Sahifa B. Munabbih. Take also notice of him saying that ‘ORAL TRANSMISSION’ OF HADITH was the most favoured. He writes: Compilation of hadith in a book form had become a known practice even during the prophet’s lifetime. We are told that Ali b. Abu Talib had compiled a small book containing Traditions of the Prophet, ‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. Al-As has also collected by permission of the Prophet, some Traditions in a book, which he named as al-Sahifa al-sadiqa. Similarly, Jabir b. Abdillah (d. 78 A.H.) was the compiler of a small collection of hadith. Abu Huraira and Amr b. Hazm are also reported to have gathered some Traditions while the latter had also committed to writing a number of such letters of the Prophet as he had despatched to the neighbouring rulers inviting them to embrace the new faith. Abu Huraira, a close companion of the Prophet, had preserved and transmitted a large number of traditions. Apart from oral transmission, he is reported to have dictated some traditions to his pupils who committed them to writing. Hammam b. Munabbih compiled a book entitled al-sahifa, of which the manuscripts are found in the libraries of Berlin and Damascus. Its Arabic text along with the Urdu Translation and necessary notes has recently been published by Dr. Hamidullah. Ma’mar b. Rashid, a disciple of Hammam, also compiled a book entitled Jami, Manuscripts of which are in the Ankara University Library and in Istanbul. Abu Bakr Abd al-Razzaq b. Hammam al-san’ani (126-211 A.H.) was a student of ma’mar and one of the teachers of Ahamd b. Hanbal. He is also the compiler of a book entitled ‘musannaf’. In view of these facts, it would be erroneous to assume, as some of the orientalists do, that the work of hadith-compilation was unknown during the prophet’s lifetime, and hence the entire collection of hadith becomes of questionable authenticity. We have seen that Abu Huraira, his pupil Hammam b. Munabbih, his disciple Ma’mar and his pupil Rashid, his student Abd al-Razzq and his pupil Ahmad b. Hanbal have made continued efforts in preserving and compiling the hadith literature. After the discovery of these works we may rightly suppose that there must have been some other compiled works which did not come down to us. It should be also kept in mind that because of scarcity and dearth of writing material, oral transmission was a popular practice during the early days of Islam. Furthermore, this had become a common practice since the pre-Islamic days because ‘Days of the Arab’, legends of the Prophets, and the Jahiliyya poetry were transmitted orally. Nay, dictation or writing of such material was rather looked down upon as compared to oral transmission. [3] ‘Musanaf of Abdul Razzaq’ to be a source of Authentic Hadith from the 1st Century’* Professor Harold Motzki believes ‘Musanaf of Abdul Razzaq’ to be a source of Authentic Hadith from the 1st Century*. His article is massive, I am just going to present his Conclusion. “While studying the Musannaf of `Abd al-Razzaq, I came to the conclusion that the theory championed by Goldziher, Schacht, and in their footsteps, many others – myself included – which in general, reject hadith literature as a historically reliable sources for the first century AH, deprives the historical study of early Islam of an important and a useful type of source.” [4] Muwatta Imam Malik’ compiled Mid-second century AH Mālik ibn Anas who was born in the year 711 and died 795 (93 AH – 179 AH ) is another Early Scholar of Islam who collected hadiths. He was one of the most highly respected scholars of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) in Sunni Islam. Imam Malik while he was alive compiled a Hadith book. The Hadith Book’s name is ‘Muwatta Imam Malik’ and we still have this Hadith book extant to this day. Ilya Pavlovich Petrushevsky (1898–1977) who was a Professor of History of the Near East at the University of Leningrad for twenty years, comments on Imam Malik’s Muwatta. “The oldest collections of Hadith were compiled according to tariqs that is, the companions of the Prophet were listed in alphabetical order and under each name the hadith issuing from the particular fountain head would be supplied. This principle of compilation was known as ‘ala r-rijal, ‘ on (the names of) the earliest reporters’. Of the EXTANT COLLEXTIONS of this type two are celebrated. One if the Muwatta or Beaten Track of malik b. Anas (d. 795), eponymous founder of the Malikite system…..” [5] Professor Clinton Bennett “Topically arranged (musannaf) works also appear in the mid-second/eighth century. The earliest extant musannaf work is the Muwatta of Medinan Scholar malik b. Anas (d. 179 AH/795 CE), the eponymous founder of the Maliki school of Sunni jurisprudence and teacher of Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafii (d. 204 AH/820 CE).” [6] I will finish my article of with a last reference by Professor Michael Bonner who refutes Joseph Schacht’s theory that somehow Hadith could not be traced before the year 718 -719. He says: “Schacht thought that no hadith could be proved to date from before year 100 of the Hijra (718-719 CE). There is much more to Schacht’s theory than this, but here it will suffice to point out that for several decades in the West, much of the argument over the hadith has been an argument over the theories of Joseph Schacht. Nowadays Schacht’s work, together with Goldizher, is less favoured than it was not very long ago. As more texts of hadith and early Islamic law have become available, several scholars have analyzed these materials, correlating the Isnad (the supporting chain of authority for such hadith itself) in more painstaking and systematic ways than Schacht had done in his day. As a result of this work, we can perceive in RICH DETAIL, the activities of transmission of learning and production of written texts, going on in early periods, sometimes before the cutoff date of AH 100 that Schacht declared to be the outer limit.” [7] Conclusion: From all the evidence presented it just goes to show how reliable early Hadith transmitters and collectors were. Whatever Muslim Scholars of the past have said on Hadith reliability, now non-Muslim Scholars affirm this truth. I believe everything I have brought forth in this article from Academic sources thoroughly debunk missionary and Hadith-rejecter lies. References: [1] Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam (1977) By William Albert Graham page 82 [2] Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period (2003) By A. F. L. Beeston page 272 [3] Encyclopaedic Historiography of the Muslim World By Nagendra Kr. Singh volume 1 Page 317 [Author Kr. Singh http://www.easternbookcorporation.com/moreinfo.php?txt_searchstring=3769] [4] The Muṣannaf of ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Sanʿānī as a Source of Authentic Aḥādīth of the First Century A. H. Harald Motzki Journal of Near Eastern Studies Volume 50, No. 1 (Jan., 1991), pp. 21 [5] Islam in Iran By Professor Ilya Pavlovich Petrushevsky page 105 [6] The Bloomsbury Companion to Islamic Studies by Clinton Bennett page 80 [7] Jihad in Islamic History: Doctrines and Practice By Professor Michael Bonner page 48 https://discover-the-truth.com/2013/10/13/are-there-any-hadith-collections-from-early-islam/?_e_pi_=7%2CPAGE_ID10%2C4228172650
  9. In the name of God, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful. Was Jesus God, a son of god , a man, a servant,or a prophet ? This post will answer those important questions from the bible itself. 1) Was Jesus a servant ? Yes, the Bible says that : 1 ) "Behold my servant, whom I have chosen." (Matthew 12:18) 2) "The God of Abraham, and of Isaac,.... hath glorified his servant Jesus." (Acts 3:13(RSV) 3) "For of a truth against thy holy servant Jesus, whom thou hast anointed...." ( Acts 4:27(RSV) The exact same word "pias" is attributed to Jacob (israel) in Luke 1:54 and translated as "servant "(( Can any father call his son "servant " . Can a servant equal his master ? .Who is supreme in rank ? Who orders who and who obeys who ? )) 2) Was Jesus a man or a son of man? Yes, the Bible says that : 1)ye men of israel , hear these word; Jesus of Nazareth, was a MAN approved of God among you by miracles, wonders, and signs.(Acts 2:22) 2) the son of MAN came eating and drinking. (Matthew 11:19) 3) this MAN is really the prophet. (John 7:40) 3) Now ye seek to kill me, a MAN that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God .(John 8:40 KJV) 4) “…so will the son of man be…” Matthew 12:40 5) “For the son of man is going to come…” Matthew 16:27 6) “…until they see the son of man coming in His kingdom.” Matthew 28 7) “But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority…” Mark 2:10 “…because He is the son of man.” John 5:27 9) “Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know.” (Acts 2:22) 10) “He will judge the world in righteousness through a man whom He has appointed” Acts 17:31 (( Jesus testified himself that he is " a man" why didn`t he clearly and openly say: "Now you seek to kill me, God incarnate, who has told you the truth." Is it possible that he was hiding the truth? He denied any divinity to himself .Can a man be god ? The bible says strongly : “God is not a man...nor a son of man…” Numbers 23:19 . )) 3) Was Jesus a prophet or a messenger ? Yes, the Bible says that : These are just some of the many Biblical verses which point out that Jesus was a prophet and a messenger of the one true God : 1) this is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth. (Matthew 21:11) 2) Jesus said, "A prophet is never accepted in his home town." (Luke 4:24) 3) I tell you the truth, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. (John 13:16) 4) Surely this is the prophet who is to come into the word. (John 24:19) 5) "'What things?' he asked. 'About Jesus of Nazareth,' they replied. 'He was a prophet, powerful in word and deed before God and all the people.'" (Luke 24:19) 4) Was Jesus a god or a son of god ? Jesus never said he is a god or a son of god Let us see what Jesus himself said : 1) "For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak." (John 12:49) 2) I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.(John 5:30) 3) Hear, O israel: The Lord our God is one Lord" ((and this was the message of all prophets sent by Allah from Adam to Muhammad (peace be upon them all ) "There is no God but God" and if Jesus (peace be upon him) was a god or a son of god he would declare that strongly )) 4) My father is greater than I (Jesus) (John 14:28) 5) My father, who gave them to me, is greater than all. (John 10:29) 6) What I teach is not my own teaching, but it comes from God,who sent me. (John 5:30) ((In these verses Jesus (peace be upon him) declares his complete submission and surrender to the will of our unique God and didn't impute any power or any strength to himself and that was the matter of all prophets before him )) 7) "And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God." (Mark 10:18) ((Jesus refused to be called "good" although we humanbeings describe ourselves "good" and this was the top of humbleness of Juses. Jesus emphatically corrects any notion that he was God; he does not like to be called even good, as genuine goodness is a quality of God alone. If Jesus were God, his words do not make sense; because, it does not befit God to humble Himself before His creatures.Then we don't believe that he claimed or accepted to be god or a son of god )) 8) No one knows, however, when that day or hour will come neither the angels in heaven, nor the son; only the Father Knows. (mark 13:32) (( If he was god he should have known the time of that day but he said the truth and that does not belittle of his rank as one of the greatest prophets that God sent to the human beings . In fact a sincere seeker of the truth should accept what Jesus says about himself and not make Him God or the equal of God!)) 9) *Anyone who says something against the son of man can be forgiven, but whoever says something against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven-now or ever.(Matthew 12:32) 10) I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. (John 20:17) (( Then The father is the father of Jesus and all people )) 11) Jesus said to him, "Away from me, Satan! For it is written: 'Worship the Lord your God, and him only.'" (Matthew 4:10) 12) "Well said, teacher," the man replied. "You are right in saying that God is one and there is no other but him." (Mark 12:32) 13) "The Lord our God is Lord alone! Therefore, you shall adore the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength." (Deuteronomy 6:4-5, Mark 12:29-30) 5) Was Jesus the only one who was called the son of God in the Bible ? No,the Bible doesn't say that : 1) Adam is the son of God. (Luke 3:38) 2) israel is my first-born son.(Exodus 4:22) 3) The Lord has said unto me, thou art my son; this day have I begotten thee." (Psalms 2:7,KJM). ,4) David is another begotten Son *Blessed are the peacemaker, for they will be called sons of God. (Matthew 5:9) ((Tracing this title : son of God" in the Bible, we can find many "sons of God" and that Jesus is not the only son.It can be concluded that the Bible uses this title" son of God" figuratively to mean Righteous, pious, selected, or God-conscious.)) 6) Can God be a man ? ((Can God be a man,eat as man,feel hungry ,go to toilet ,is crucified,tortured and be seen and be heard ,cry on the cross and be spit on his face and doesn't have the power to destroy his enemies and pray to his god.What god is that ?)) 1) “God is not a man...nor a son of man…” (Numbers 23:19) 2) “...For I am God, and not man...” (Hosea 11:9) 3) Matthew 26:39: "And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt." 4) in John 5:32 Jesus told his followers that they have never seen GOD at anytime nor ever heard his voice? 5) "Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape." (John 5:37) 6) "Eli, Eli, lama sabachtani (My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?) (( Finally after discussing evidence from the Bible . In fact that God is one, NOT THREE, that Jesus is not God or part of God, that he is not equal with God, and that He is not the son of God in the literal sense .The son of god is common in the Bible and it is not underage on Jesus only (peace be upon him )) Please be logical and be rational and don't say what Jesus (peace be upon him) didn't say about himself .He was a model in his faith and in his submission to the will of the only unique God (praise be to him ) . Saying Jesus is a god or a son of god is the biggest sin which God never forgive and Jesus himself prophesied that people would worship him uselessly and believe in doctrines made by men (Matthew 15:9). "But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men." Jesus (peace be upon him) in this verse warns his followers from being worshippers to him .He ordered his people not to exaggerate in their love to him . And All praise is due to God, Lord of the worlds.
  10. LOS ANGELES (CN) – When a Southern California woman was arrested on suspicion of domestic violence last year she was told she could not wear her headscarf in the Ventura County Jail even though she’s Muslim, according to a civil rights lawsuit filed in Los Angeles federal court Monday. Jennifer Hyatt, 44, said Ventura County officers yanked her hijab from her head and she suffered “severe discomfort, humiliation, and emotional distress,” according to the federal lawsuit filed by the Council on American-Islamic Relations in California on her behalf. On Jan. 1, 2017, Hyatt was arrested on suspicion of domestic violence near Thousand Oaks in California. When Ventura County Sheriff’s officers arrived on the scene she was placed into the back of a police car and was not allowed to explain what had happened in the incident between herself and her husband, according to the complaint. “Ms. Hyatt asserted that she had never touched her husband and told the arresting officer that her arm was hurting,” said the complaint. The officer said he’d already seen her arm, but that was not possible because Hyatt was wearing long sleeves at the time. In accordance with her religious beliefs, Hyatt covers her head and much of her body for the sake of dignity, modesty, and bodily integrity, according to the complaint. But at the Ventura County Jail a female deputy “snatched one piece of Ms. Hyatt’s two-piece hijab off of her head” while male officers were in the room. Despite being searched and explaining she can’t be seen by other men without her hijab because she’s Muslim, an officer said, “Not in here, you’re not,” according to the complaint. “She cried throughout the ordeal and experienced humiliation when both her religious beliefs and personal integrity were violated,” according to the complaint. “She felt that the male officers and male inmates had seen parts of her body that they should not have seen, according to her religious beliefs. Ms. Hyatt, who hails from Arkansas, was shocked and disappointed to receive such treatment in the supposedly tolerant state of California.” When Hyatt said she deserved constitutional protection for her religious beliefs an officer yanked off the second part of her hijab and left her uncovered, she says in the lawsuit. She asked for a blanket to cover herself but was denied, she says, adding her fingerprints were taken by a male officer. Hyatt was placed in a room with glass walls where she could be viewed by other men without her hijab as a means to intimidate her, according to her complaint. She tried to cover her head with her hands. She says she was taken to a cell with other women in custody, but was not provided any type of cover for her head and her hijab was only returned to her after her husband posted bond and she was released from jail. A booking photo was taken without her headscarf and this also distresses Hyatt, according to the complaint. Hyatt is also represented by Los Angeles-based attorney Erin Darling, who said in a statement, “It is shocking that in 2018 the county of Ventura permits its sheriff’s deputies to strip a Muslim woman of her religious head covering.” She added, “Religious expression is protected under the law and the county of Ventura cannot single out Muslim women as being undeserving of this basic right.” In a statement, Hyatt said, “I am seeking justice because I do still have the right to be a covered Muslim woman – even in jail.” Named defendants include Ventura County, its sheriff’s department and Sheriff Geoff Dean. Hyatt seeks compensatory and punitive damages on claims of federal and California civil rights violations. The Ventura County Sheriff’s Office said it hasn’t seen the lawsuit and doesn’t comment on pending litigation. https://www.courthousenews.com/muslim-woman-sues-jailers-for-removing-hijab/
  11. Table of Content Preface........................................................................................................................................3 History of the Arabic Region ...................................................................................................13 Controlling The Arabic Region And The Emergence of Colonies...........................................15 Palestine and the Historical Truth ............................................................................................16 Prehistoric Palestine .................................................................................................................16 The Ancient Stone Age ............................................................................................................16 8000 – 17000B.C.: Shifting from Gathering to Production ................................................17 4000 – 8000B.C.: appearance of agricultural communities.................................................17 2000 – 4000B.C.: The Closing of the Fourth millennium before Christianity....................17 Semites .....................................................................................................................................17 Canaanites ................................................................................................................................18 2000B.C. – 1200 B.C.............................................................................................................18 550 – 1200B.C.: Era of Kingdoms (Iron Age):....................................................................19 Israeli People:...........................................................................................................................19 The Persian Empire ..................................................................................................................20 550B.C. – 330 B.C.: the Persian Empire and the Era of Alexander the Great.......................20 330B.C. – 63 B.C. ..................................................................................................................21 The Roman Empire...................................................................................................................21 63B.C. – 636 A.D. ..................................................................................................................21 The Rise of Christianity............................................................................................................22 The Islamic Arabic Conquest ...................................................................................................22 Palestine During the Era of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs..........................................................23 The Era of the Umayyad Caliphs .............................................................................................23 The Era of the Abbasid Caliphate ............................................................................................24 The Tulunid State .....................................................................................................................24 The Ikhshidid Rule ...................................................................................................................24 The Fatimids.............................................................................................................................25 The Seljuk State........................................................................................................................25 Europeans .................................................................................................................................25 The Second Crusades (1146-1149 A.D.)..................................................................................26 The Ayyubid Dynasty...............................................................................................................27 Third Crusade...........................................................................................................................27 Mamluks...................................................................................................................................28 The Ottoman Era ......................................................................................................................28 Napoleon Bonaparte expedition (1798 – 1801):.......................................................................29 Muhammad Ali’s Campaign ....................................................................................................30 The Zionist Settlement in Palestine..........................................................................................31 British Mandate ........................................................................................................................32 The pre-British Mandate period ...............................................................................................32 The British Mandate in Palestine: 1923-1948 ..........................................................................32 Sheikh Eiz Al-Din Al-Qasam Revolution ................................................................................34 The Great 1936 Revolution and the Division Project...............................................................35 The Division Project.................................................................................................................36 The Division Resolution:..........................................................................................................38 Jewish emigration to Palestine .................................................................................................43 Immigration after the Creation of Israel 1948-1967:................................................................49 Expulsion of the Palestinians from their Homes ......................................................................54 The Most Important International Resolutions Concerning Palestine......................................60 https://islamicbookshub.wordpress.com/2013/01/06/history-of-palestine-by-fawzy-al-ghadiry/
  12. The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim

    Jonathan AC Brown is Associate Professor of Islam and Muslim Christian Relations in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University (Washington DC) Editorial Reviews Review [Brown] has produced an ambitious study that will itself become a canon for the study of the canonization of the Saḥīḥayn and so like them it is worthy of much attention and analysis. Herbert Berg This is an unusual book in many ways, all of them good. Its scope is strikingly broad, it is in conversation with the latest scholarship both in the field of specialization and also in the wider world of theory, and it is well-written. Download: https://ia600202.us.archive.org/33/items/TheCanonizationOfAlBukhariAndMuslimByJonathanBrown/The Canonization of al-Bukhārī and Muslim By Jonathan Brown.pdf
  13. Hi all!

    welcome to the forum, you can start by the simplified Islam Guide.
  14. نقلا عن أ منقذ السقار جزاه الله خير الجزاء ولدى الرجوع إلى التاريخ والتنقيب في رواياته وأخباره عن حقيقة حادثة الصلب، ومَن المصلوب فيها ؟ يتبين حينذاك أمور مهمة: - - أن قدماء النصارى كثر منهم منكرو صلب المسيح، وقد ذكر المؤرخون النصارى أسماء فرق كثيرة أنكرت الصلب. وهذه الفرق هي: الباسيليديون والكورنثيون والكاربوكرايتون والساطرينوسية والماركيونية والبارديسيانية والسيرنثييون والبارسكاليونية والبولسية والماينسية، والتايتانيسيون والدوسيتية والمارسيونية والفلنطانيائية والهرمسيون. وبعض هذه الفرق قريبة العهد بالمسيح، إذ يرجع بعضها للقرن الميلادي الأول ففي كتابه " الأرطقات مع دحضها " ذكر القديس الفونسوس ماريا دي ليكوري أن من بدع القرن الأول قول فلوري: إن المسيح قوة غير هيولية، وكان يتشح ما شاء من الهيئات، ولذا لما أراد اليهود صلبه؛ أخذ صورة سمعان القروي، وأعطاه صورته، فصلب سمعان، بينما كان يسوع يسخر باليهود، ثم عاد غير منظور، وصعد إلى السماء. ويبدو أن هذا القول استمر في القرن الثاني، حيث يقول فنتون شارح متى: " إن إحدى الطوائف الغنوسطية التي عاشت في القرن الثاني قالت بأن سمعان القيرواني قد صلب بدلاً من يسوع". وقد استمر إنكار صلب المسيح، فكان من المنكرين الراهب تيودورس (560م) والأسقف يوحنا ابن حاكم قبرص (610م) وغيرهم. ولعل أهم هذه الفرق النكرة لصلب المسيح الباسيليديون؛ الذين نقل عنهم سيوس في " عقيدة المسلمين في بعض مسائل النصرانية " والمفسر جورج سايل القول بنجاة المسيح، وأن المصلوب هو سمعان القيرواني، وسماه بعضهم سيمون السيرناي، ولعل الاسمين لواحد، وهذه الفرقة كانت تقول أيضاً ببشرية المسيح. ويقول باسيليوس الباسليدي: " إن نفس حادثة القيامة المدعى بها بعد الصلب الموهوم هي من ضمن البراهين الدالة على عدم حصول الصلب على ذات المسيح". ولعل هؤلاء هم الذين عناهم جرجي زيدان حين قال: " الخياليون يقولون: إن المسيح لم يصلب، وإنما صلب رجل آخر مكانه ". ومن هذه الفرق التي قالت بصلب غير المسيح بدلاً عنه: الكورنثيون والكاربوكرايتون والسيرنثيون. وقالوا بصلب يهوذا الذي يذكر المستشرق المفسر جورج سايل بأنه كان يشبه المسيح في خَلْقه. ومما يؤيد هؤلاء: الخلاف في كيفية موت يهوذا. وثمة فِرق نصرانية قالت بأن المسيح نجا من الصلب، وأنه رفع إلى السماء، ومنهم الروسيتية والمرسيونية والفلنطنيائية , وهذه الفرق الثلاث تعتقد ألوهية المسيح، ويرون القول بصلب المسيح وإهانته لا يلائم البنوة والإلهية. كما تناقل علماء النصارى ومحققوهم إنكار صلب المسيح في كتبهم، وأهم من قال بذلك الحواري برنابا في إنجيله. ويقول ارنست دي بوش الألماني في كتابه " الإسلام: أي النصرانية الحقة " ما معناه: إن جميع ما يختص بمسائل الصلب والفداء هو من مبتكرات ومخترعات بولس، ومن شابهه من الذين لم يروا المسيح، لا في أصول النصرانية الأصلية. ويقول ملمن في كتابه " تاريخ الديانة النصرانية " : " إن تنفيذ الحكم كان وقت الغلس، وإسدال ثوب الظلام، فيستنتج من ذلك إمكان استبدال المسيح بأحد المجرمين الذين كانوا في سجون القدس منتظرين تنفيذ حكم القتل عليهم كما اعتقد بعض الطوائف، وصدقهم القرآن ". وأخيراً نذكر بما ذكرته دائرة المعارف البريطانية في موضوع روايات الصلب حيث جعلتها أوضح مثال للتزوير في الأناجيل. ومن المنكرين أيضاً صاحب كتاب " الدم المقدس، وكأس المسيح المقدس " فقد ذكر في كتابه أن السيد المسيح لم يصلب، وأنه غادر فلسطين، وتزوج مريم المجدلية، وأنهما أنجبا أولاداً، وأنه قد عثر على قبره في جنوب فرنسا، وأن أولاده سيرثون أوربا، ويصبحون ملوكاً عليها. وذكر أيضاً أن المصلوب هو الخائن يهوذا الأسخريوطي، الذي صلب بدلاً من المسيح المرفوع. وإذا كان هؤلاء جميعاً من النصارى، يتبين أن لا إجماع عند النصارى على صلب المسيح، فتبطل دعواهم بذلك
  15. The Preservation of the Ḥadīth Literature

    Appendix A central theme of this article was to establish that the major books of Ḥadīth have been transmitted so widely that it is unreasonable to doubt their authorship. Here we will take Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī as a case study to better understand this phenomenon. In his doctoral thesis,[57] Dr. Jumu‘ah ‘Abd al-Ḥalīm studies in detail the various routes and recensions of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. Adapted from his study, the following diagrams demonstrate how widely the Ṣaḥīḥ has been transmitted. To be sure, these diagrams are the tip of the iceberg in terms of the actual transmission of the Ṣaḥīḥ. I have chosen to outline only the chains of the Mamluk era Ḥadīth master, Ibn Ḥajar al-‘Asqalānī (d. 852 AH).[58] While mapping out his genealogy of the Ṣaḥīḥ, he leaves out some recensions and routes. For instance, he transmits the Ṣaḥīḥ via multiple routes that culminate at four students of al-Bukhārī, viz. Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf al-Firabrī (d. 320 AH), Ibrāhīm ibn Ma‘qil (d. 295 AH), Ḥammād ibn Shākir (d. 311 AH), and Abū Ṭalḥah Manṣūr al-Bazdawī (d. 329 AH), but he does not include the transmission of Ṭāhir ibn Muḥammad al-Nasafī.[59] Furthermore, he identifies nine routes from al-Firabrī, excluding thereby the transmissions of Muḥammad ibn Khālid al-Firabrī, Aḥmad al-Firabrī (d. 371 AH), Abū Ḥāmid al-Nu‘aymī (d. 386 AH), Abū Bakr al-Ishtīkhanī (d. 388 AH), et al.[60] From a wide array of routes that Ibn Ḥajar maps out, I selected only two routes for the purpose of brevity. Hence, from a pool of twelve transmitters in the third stratum of transmission, I sufficed on the transmissions of Abū Dharr al-Harawī (d. 434 AH) and Karīmah al-Marwaziyyah (d. 463 AH). Figure 1 details the routes from the third stratum via al-Firabrī from al-Bukhārī. Figures 2 and 3 continue further by tracing the transmissions of Abū Dharr and Karīmah al-Marwaziyyah until Ibn Ḥajar. Figure 4 traces the transmission of three non-Firabrī recensions from al-Bukhārī. The biographical information of the transmitters cited in the diagrams is easily accessible. To avoid enlarging the diagrams, their entire names were not mentioned. Figure 1: Routes from the third stratum of transmission Figure 2: Transmission via Abū Dharr al-Harawī (d. 434 AH) Figure 3: Transmission via Karīmah al-Marwaziyyah (d. 463 AH) Figure 4: Three non-Firabrī recensions from al-Bukhārī
  16. The Preservation of the Ḥadīth Literature

    The Preservation of the Ḥadīth Literature By Muntasir Zaman “Marks of ink on one’s mouth and clothes are emblems of honor.”[1] – Ibrāhīm al-Nakha‘ī Introduction How has the Islamic civilization maintained the rich literary heritage of Ḥadīth developed by early Muslim scholars? What guarantee is there that the collections of ḥadīths in our possession have reached us accurately or that they were compiled by their purported authors? Far from being exhaustive, this article intends to provide answers to these questions. It begins by examining the procedures scholars instituted to ensure accurate transmission of Ḥadīth books. It then proceeds to study the practice of oral/aural transmission (samā‘ سماع) and public reading sessions and their influence in preserving the Ḥadīth literature. Thereafter, the article builds on three arguments that Ibn al-Wazīr al-Yamānī (d. 840 AH) posits in response to those who doubt the authorship of the major Ḥadīth collections. Before concluding, it sheds light on the usage of wijādah وجادة in terms of transmission and practice. The appendix contains diagrams on the transmission of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. Procedures for Preservation The attention and care scholars gave to the vast literature of Ḥadīth to ensure that the efforts of their predecessors were not in vain is truly awe-inspiring. They were methodical in their treatment of the Ḥadīth literature. They laid out guidelines on issues like book authorization, auditions, and the handling of manuscripts and registers. Qāḍī ‘Iyāḍ’s (d. 544 AH) al-Ilmā‘ ilā Ma‘rifat Uṣūl al-Riwāyah wa Taqyīd al-Samā‘ is among the most prominent titles on the subject.[2] Although an oft-cited authority on the subject, Qāḍī ‘Iyāḍ was by no means the first to address this topic. He drew extensively from earlier works like al-Rāmahurmuzī’s (d. 360 AH) al-Muḥaddith al-Fāṣil and al-Khaṭīb al-Baghdādī’s (d. 462 AH) al-Kifāyah fī‘ ‘Ilm al-Riwāyah and al-Jāmi‘ li Akhlāq al-Rāwī wa Ādāb al-Sāmi‘. At times, scribes would devise creative techniques to prevent confusion when reading their manuscripts. For instance, Shu‘bah ibn al-Ḥajjāj (d. 160 AH) narrated the ḥadīth of Abū al-Ḥawrā’ to a student who wrote the ḥadīth and further added the word “ḥūr ‘īn” (wide-eyed damsel) as a note beneath the name Abū al-Ḥawrā’. The reason for this peculiar note was the presence of a narrator by the name Abū al-Jawzā’ in the same generation as Abū al-Ḥawrā’. To avoid confusing the two similar yet distinct narrators, the student diligently wrote ḥūr as a note to remind him of al-Hawrā’, which is the singular form of ḥūr.[3] Muslims rightfully pride themselves in the countless volumes Ḥadīth scholars produced in order to detail the lives of the narrators whose names fill the chains of transmissions of ḥadīths. But they did not stop there. They also wrote biographical dictionaries on the lives of the narrators who transmitted the collections that contained these ḥadīths. A researcher can easily access the biographical details of the narrators Abū Dāwūd (d. 275 AH), for instance, cites in his Sunan when transmitting a ḥadīth. He could also find the biographical details of those who transmitted the Sunan from Abū Dawūd and of those who in turn transmitted it from them, et cetera,[4] in works written for this purpose like Abū Bakr Ibn Nuqṭah’s (d. 629 AH) al-Taqyīd li Ma‘rifat Ruwāt al-Sunan wa al-Masānīd.[5] As such, the major Ḥadīth collections were transmitted by people whose lives are well documented.[6] The tradition of oral/aural transmission (samā‘) ensured the preservation of the Ḥadīth literature. Ḥadīth scholars disseminated their works by teaching them to students, who in turn taught them to their students, ensuring scholarly supervision of these books as they were being transmitted down the generations.[7] Prior to the canonization of the Ḥadīth corpus,[8] to transmit a book for which one did not have oral/aural transmission was an offence not taken lightly in Ḥadīth circles.[9] Muḥammad ibn Ṭāhir al-Maqdisī (d. 507 AH) impugned Abū ‘Abd Allah al-Kāmikhī because he transmitted the Musnad of Imām al-Shāfi‘ī from a non-samā‘ copy.[10] Abū Bakr al-Qaṭī‘ī’s (d. 368 AH) copy of a book was destroyed in a flood, so he rewrote it from another copy. Despite having heard the original from a teacher, he was criticized for transmitting the second copy only because it lacked oral transmission.[11] Al-Ḥākim al-Naysābūrī (d. 405 AH) announced that he was in possession of a copy of al-Naḍr ibn Shumayl’s Gharīb al-Ḥadīth, but dutifully added that it lacked oral transmission.[12] Failure to understand this culture of transmission has led Alphonse Mingana (d. 1937) to erroneously criticize the authorship of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. Based on a manuscript—perhaps the earliest extant[13]—via the recension of Abū Zayd al-Marwazī (d. 371 AH) from al-Firabrī (d. 320 AH), the prime transmitter from al-Bukhārī, Mingana argues that since the chains of transmission include the name of al-Bukhārī,[14] the Ṣaḥīḥ could not have been authored by him, but rather by a later source like al-Firabrī or al-Marwazī.[15] Apart from the fact that this objection indicates a lack of awareness regarding the methodology of transmitting Ḥadīth books, it is problematic on several grounds. To mention one, in addition to al-Firabrī, there are multiple recensions of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī like that of Ibrāhīm ibn Ma‘qil (d. 295 AH) and Ḥammād ibn Shākir (d. 311 AH);[16] likewise, besides al-Marwazī, there are other routes from al-Firabrī, such as Abū Isḥāq al-Mustamlī (d. 376 AH) and Abū al-Haytham al-Kushmīhanī (d. 389 AH). Based on the chains found in the aforementioned manuscript, if it is argued that al-Firabrī or al-Marwazī authored the Ṣaḥīḥ, how does one account for parallel chains through the other recensions/routes from al-Bukhārī that mention the same ḥadīths?[17] Public reading sessions of Ḥadīth books also helped to ensure their textual integrity. Apart from the cross-analysis of the audited books, details about the participants in these reading sessions were methodically documented. Based on information detailed in manuscript notes and reading certificates, a recent study restructured a micro-history of the reading sessions of Ibn ‘Asākir’s (d. 571 AH) mammoth Tārīkh Madīnat Dimashq in Damascus, determining thereby “the background of individual participants in terms of the cultural milieu, social position and status.”[18] Abū Bakr al-Bayhaqī’s multi-volume compendium, al-Sunan al-Kubrā, is another prime example.[19] Abū ‘Amr Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ (d. 643 AH) dictated the entire book to a congregation of scholars over 757 sessions. The following are some of the points that were noted after he dictated the eighth volume: the number of sessions held; personal details of the attendees, e.g. names, lineages, and honorifics; the state of the attendees, e.g. who spoke during the dictation; the date of completion; the venue; and the name of the registrar.[20] Considering the minutiae noted down about the attendees, one gets a sense of how scrupulous Ḥadīth scholars were in their analysis of the books they were dictating. That Tārīkh Madīnat Dimashq and al-Sunan al-Kubrā are not from the six canonical books is significant as it demonstrates the care given to more important, and less voluminous, collections. The proverbial audition of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī in Damascus around the year 666 AH headed by the celebrated Ḥadīth scholar, Sharaf al-Dīn al-Yūnīnī (d. 701 AH), and the renowned linguist, Ibn Mālik (d. 672 AH), in a gathering of scholars who utilized critically acclaimed manuscripts and recensions of the Ṣaḥīḥ for cross-referencing is a case in point.[21] ‘Abd Allah ibn Sālim al-Baṣrī (d. 1134 AH) is on record for his meticulous treatment of the six canonical books and Musnad Aḥmad, spending twenty years in refining and cross-referencing his personal copy of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī with other manuscripts.[22]
  17. The Preservation of the Ḥadīth Literature

    Ibn al-Wazīr’s Rejoinder Ibn al-Wazīr al-Yamānī (d. 840 AH) responds to a skeptic by discussing in length why it is unreasonable to doubt the attribution of the major books of Ḥadīth to their purported authors. It is beyond the scope of this article to present his entire exposé, but we will build on three of his main arguments. First, doubting the ascription of the major Ḥadīth compilations to their respective authors if carried to its logical conclusion will lead to doubting the ascription of transmitted books in all other fields.[23] If a person maintains such a profound level of skepticism of written sources, it becomes nearly impossible for him to function effectively in the world. Al-‘Izz ibn ‘Abd al-Salām (d. 660 AH) posits a similar argument and then states, “Whoever assumes that all these people erred in that [i.e. transmitting these books] has in fact himself erred. Were it not for the permissibility of relying on these books, countless benefits in medicine, grammar, and language would be obstructed.”[24] It is disingenuous to accept the authorship of books on history and language, for example, and not the Ḥadīth literature when the Islamic civilization has given unprecedented care to maintain the latter.[25] Second, overall knowledge that these books were compiled by their respective authors is definitively known (ma‘lūm bi al-ḍarūrah) to the point that there is no reason to doubt their ascription.[26] Two centuries earlier, Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ (d. 643 AH) had already noted that the major Ḥadīth books have circulated too widely to be tampered with or interpolated,[27] let alone have their authorship doubted.[28] A brief survey of the Muwaṭṭa’’s immediate transmission may help to understand this better. Muḥammad al-Zurqānī (d. 1122 AH) writes that the following number of narrators, distributed geographically, have transmitted the Muwaṭṭa’ directly from Imām Mālik: seventeen from Madinah, two from Makkah, ten from Egypt, twenty-seven from Iraq, thirteen from Andalusia, two from Kairouan, two from Tunis, and seven from the Levant.[29] More than the their numbers, the staggering geographical diversity of the narrators demonstrates the point being made here. Taking Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī as a case study, the appended diagrams illustrate how widely it has been transmitted.[30] Finally, the fact that countless manuscripts of these Ḥadīth collections in various parts of the Muslim world concur on the presence of their ḥadīths,[31] as well as multifarious commentaries,[32] secondary sources, and supplementary works throughout history all converging on referencing these ḥadīths to their respective compilations establishes confidence in the credibility of their authorship.[33] Moreover, there are numerous cases of inter-textual and contemporaneous citations of early compilations. In al-Tārīkh al-Kabīr, al-Bukhārī makes reference to his Ṣaḥīḥ;[34] in his Sunan, al-Tirmidhī also makes reference to the Ṣaḥīḥ.[35] According to Ockham’s Razor, when provided with two competing explanations, a person should opt for the simpler one. Given the preponderance of evidence, it is more reasonable, and a simpler proposition, to accept the ascription of the major Ḥadīth collections to their purported authors than believe in a wide-spread collusion of false attribution. The Usage of Non-Samā‘ Copies It may be useful to shed light on the concept of وجادة wijādah, that is, to find and then transmit ḥadīths from a collection for which one does not have transmission or authorization.[36] When studying the debate on the usage of wijādah as a mode of transmission,[37] one needs to bear in mind the bifurcation of the history of Ḥadīth studies into the era before the crystallization of ḥadīths in books and the era after it. [38] By the early 5th century, it was untenable that a person could exclusively transmit a narration not recorded in any earlier Ḥadīth work.[39] Abū Bakr al-Bayhaqī (d. 458 AH) writes that during his time if someone were to present a ḥadīth that was not already recorded, it would be rejected.[40] After this point, the primary function of chains of transmission and authorizations was to uphold the revered tradition of isnād, which “is a unique source of ennoblement,” and attain blessings by remaining connected to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), because the main corpus of ḥadīths was already stabilized.[41] This explains why overtime scholars became relatively lenient on the stringent conditions that early scholars placed on the oral/aural transmission of Ḥadīth collections. Although it is difficult to pinpoint the exact date when this shift took place, an incident involving Abū Ṭāhir al-Silafī (d. 576 AH) and ‘Abd al-Ghanī al-Maqdīsī (d. 600 AH) hints to this transition. [42] In order to transmit ḥadīths from a collection, scholars now turned their focus to the authenticity of the copy and its correct ascription.[43] The process of evaluating manuscripts is more than just relying on their chains of transmission or dating their parchment; rather, Miklos Muranyi explains, it is judged by “wholistic study of structure, technique, and scribal notes in addition to comparative analysis of cross-references and collated texts.”[44] In the 8th century, Ibn Kathīr (d. 774 AH) raised the question of a person who transmits a Ḥadīth collection like Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī from his teacher and then finds a copy of that collection, which was not cross-referenced with the teacher’s copy nor does he find an attestation of his audition on it, but he believes it to be an authentic copy—can he transmit from it? Although the majority of early Ḥadīth scholars prohibited such a practice, Ayyūb al-Sakhtiyānī (d. 131 AH) and Muḥammad al-Bursānī (d. 203 AH) held that there was dispensation for him to transmit from it.[45] Ibn Kathīr adds that this is the position he inclines towards.[46] He was not alone in his inclination. Al-Dhahabī (d. 748 AH) and Ibn Rajab al-Ḥanbalī (d. 795 AH) state that latter-scholars maintained much dispensation in this regard.[47] It is, therefore, anachronistic to apply the negative scholarly attitude towards the usage of non-source copies for transmission before the crystallization of ḥadīths to the subsequent era. Apart from transmission, Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ explains that it is permissible to practice upon what one reliably finds in Hadīth books through wijādah.[48] Based on scholarly acceptance of a letter the Prophet had sent with ‘Amr ibn Ḥazm to the people of Yemen on almsgiving and indemnities, one can make a case for consensus upon this issue.[49] ‘Umar ibn Khaṭṭāb abandoned his own view on indemnities based on ‘Amr ibn Ḥazm’s letter that was found in the possession of his family;[50] This was also the case with other Companions and Successors.[51] As Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (d. 463 AH) explains, Scholars from all regions have unanimously relied upon the letter of ‘Amr ibn Ḥazm.[52] The relevance of this discussion cannot be overstated because, as Dr. Subhī al-Ṣāliḥ explains, after the advent of the printing press, usage of Ḥadīth books for the most part are through the mode of wijādah.[53] Early scholars were cautious towards the usage of non-samā‘ copies out of fear of interpolation;[54] printing has considerably assuaged this concern.[55] Shaykh Ḥatīm al-‘Awnī aptly observes, “It is ironic that critics would object to the validity of Hadīth books that are found through wijādah when the very books they cite concerning wijādah are themselves found through wijadah.”[56] That being said, the practice of oral/aural transmission of Hadīth books, particularly the six canonical works, has continued unabated in various institutions and seminars throughout the world until the present day. Conclusion Far from leaving the literary heritage of their predecessors unattended, Ḥadīth scholars expended considerable energy in maintaining its integrity. From the tradition of oral/aural transmission, to careful handling of manuscripts, to meticulous dictation sessions, the Islamic civilization’s unparalleled precision vis-à-vis the Ḥadīth literature develops within the hearts of its readers confidence in its authorship. Unwarranted skepticism of such a robust system can lead a person to doubt all transmitted knowledge. A person is required to take more leaps of faith in doubting the ascription of books that were transmitted from their authors by a multitude of narrators hailing from diverse regional backgrounds and were cited by a dizzying array of sources over a millennium.
  18. http://www.mediafire.com/file/husk7uog3u78kcn/Befreie-dich-von-deinem-Atheismus+2018_aktuelle+Version.pdf
  19. E-Book: "Renounce Your Atheism" !

    "Renounce Your Atheism" Link Book PDF https://files.fm/u/eqfyhqkh Audiobook By Mr. Lou lambert http://comparativreligion.blogspot.com/2018/03/e-book-renounce-your-atheism.html
  20. يقول المؤرخ الفرنسي غوستاف لوبون في كتابه "حضارة العرب"، إن الجنرال الفرنسي الأشهر نابليون بونابرت عند عودته إلى بلاده فرنسا راجعًا من مصر سنة 1801، أخذ معه كتاب فقهي من مذهب الإمام مالك بن أنس اسمه "شرح الدردير على متن خليل"، ويعتبر الفقه المالكي أول فقه إسلامي رافق الأوروبيين. هذا الكتاب الفقهي الذي أخذه بونابرت معه، يقول لوبون، إنه بنى عليه القانون الفرنسي الذي كان أحد أهم أسباب نهضة الدولة، خاصة في مادة الأحكام والعقود والالتزامات، ليكون بذلك للفقه الإسلامي خاصة المالكي أثر كبير في التشريع الفرنسي خاصة مدونة الفقه المدني المعروفة بمدونة نابليون. بدء العمل بمقتضيات الفقه الإسلامي خاصة المالكي منه في ربوع أوروبا لم يكن عقب صدور القانون الفرنسي سنة 1805، بل كان قبل ذلك مع فتح المسلمين لبلاد الأندلس تقول، أيضًا، بعض نتائج دراسات ومقارنات قام بها علماء مسلمون ورجال قانون نذكر منهم: مخلوف المنياوي القاضي في عهد الخديوي إسماعيل في مصر الذي أجرى مقارنة بين القانون الفرنسي والفقه المالكي، وقدري باشا وزير العدل المصري في أواخر القرن التاسع عشر، والعالم الأزهري سيد عبد الله علي حسين صاحب المقارنات التشريعية إن التشابه بين الفقه المالكي والقانون الفرنسي بلغ 90%. فيما يشير أستاذ القانون الدولي في الجامعة الهولندية مشيل دي توب إلى تأثير الروح الإنسانية والخلقية التي جاء بها الإسلام وتجسدت في فلسفته الفقهية وفضلها على أوروبا في العصر الوسيط، حيث يذكّر بما كانت تعانيه البشرية من بؤس وتعاسة، وتأثير القواعد التشريعية الإسلامية على ذلك، وأثرها في القانون الدولي. قبل نابليون بونابرت بدء العمل بمقتضيات الفقه الإسلامي خاصة المالكي منه في ربوع أوروبا لم يكن عقب صدور القانون الفرنسي سنة 1805، بل كان قبل ذلك مع فتح المسلمين لبلاد الأندلس، وتقول بعض المصادر التاريخية إن ألفونس التاسع ملك قشتالة كتب أول مدونة قانونية في أوروبا، نشرت بتعليقات لاتينية في ثلاثة مجلدات، وقد استمدها خاصة من قانون الولايات في الأندلس المسلمة الراجع إلى سنة 679 هجريًا الموافق لسنة 1289ميلاديًا. http://www.noonpost.org/content/22370 https://www.egaliteetreconciliation.fr/Napoleon-admirateur-…
  21. This Brazilian-American Sister shares her journey to Islam. From a Catholic family in Rio to explorations about Islam in Morocco, she shares insight and advice. http://aboutislam.net/reading-islam/my-journey-to-islam/islam-broke-the-barriers-between-me-and-god/
  22. The Sri Lankan government has imposed a curfew in a popular tourist town after days of unrest between religious communities with a spate of Muslim businesses being torched by Buddhist mobs. Police confirmed yesterday that there had been arson attacks and riots in the weekend in Kandy district, while other media outlets have reported that violence had spread throughout the across the country. Police spokesman Ruwan Gunasekera said: “The curfew was imposed to control the situation in the area.” The government said in a statement that police officers were placed on high alert in Kandy to ensure the “situation does not spiral into inter-communal conflagration”. Buddhist mobs set fire to Muslim-owned businesses and attacked a mosque in the east of the country. Local officials said more than two dozen suspects had been arrested by police in relation with the string of arson attacks, while senior officers also launched an investigation into the conduct of the police. Rajith Keerthi Tennakoon, executive director of the Centre for Human Rights Sri Lanka, condemned the “unfathomable police inefficiency” that he said led to the violence. Mr Tennakoon told Al Jazeera: “Social media pages rallied Sinhalese mobs to assemble in Teldeniya town at 10am. At 11am, there was a proclivity for violent confrontations to take place as mobs gathered. The destruction of Muslim properties started taking place from around 1pm.” Kandy is the latest region to be plagued by ethnic and religious violence in Sri Lanka. Najah Mohamed, secretary of the National Front for Good Governance party in Sri Lanka, told Al Jazeera attacks are spreading all over the country, and not just in Kandy. He said: “We are facing the same situation that we had experienced with the previous government with tension, hate, and violence against Muslims are rampant especially where they are a dispersed community.” Ethnic and religious conflict can turn deadly in Sri Lanka, where Muslims make up for 10 percent of the population and Buddhists Sinhalese account for 75 percent. Some observers blame the hardline Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) group for the ongoing violence. Mr Mohamed said: “The violent BBS mobs manipulated the situation to fuel attacks against Muslims in an unprecedented way and started attacking people. In the afternoon the police and curfew were here, but there are still rising underreported incidents taking place.” President Maithripala Siresena had promised to investigate anti-Muslim violence after coming into power in 2015, but no significant progress has been made. Both Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe and Sirsena are yet to make an official statement in response to the recent unrest.
  23. ثالثا : التعارُض بين نظريَّة "التطوُّر" وبين دين "الإسلام". "التعارُض" مسألةٌ مُتَّسِعَةٌ ومُتشعِّبَة وهىَ مسئولَةٌ عَن قِسمٍ كَبيرٍ مِن مَسائِلِ "سوءِ الفهمِ" وبالتالى "سوء التقدير" أو "سوء الحُكم" فى العَقلِ البشرىِّ، وسبَبُ ذلِك هوَ التخبُّط فى حُسنِ تصوُّرِ "التعارُض" بينَ القضيَّتين أو القضايا التى يَدرُسُها العَقل، ولو أخذنا مِثالا لقضيَّتين مَشهورَتينِ مَنظورَتين هُما "حصولُ النَّهارِ" و"حصولُ الليل" نجِدُ اختلافا كبيرا فى "التصوِّير" وبالتالى "التقدير" فى الحالاتِ الثلاثِ التاليَة : • "النهارُ حاصِلٌ بعدَ الفجرِ والليلُ حاصِلٌ بعدَ مَغيبِ الشمسِ" • "النهارُ والليلُ حاصِلان الآن فى مِصر" • "النَّهارُ والليلُ حاصِلان الآن" فى الجُملة الأولى يكونُ "التصويرُ الذهنىُّ" نتيجَتُه "عَدَمُ التعارُض" لاختلافِ الظرفِ المُتصِّل بالقضيَّتين - حصول النَّهارِ وحصولُ الليل – فلا تَعارُض. وفى الجُملتين الثانيَةِ والثالثةِ يَقعُ التعارُض لاتحادِ الظرفِ، ولكنَّ الفارِق بينَ الجُملتين أنَّ الجُملة الثالثة تُمثِّلُ تعارُضا "يُمكن دَفعُه" بينما الجُملَة الثانية تُمَثِّل تعارضا "لا يُمكِنُ دَفعُه" أو بصورَة أكثرَ تحديدا "تناقضا". فَعِندما نَقولُ أنَّ النَّهارَ والليلَ حاصِلانِ الآنَ فقَدْ اتَّحدَ الظرْفُ الزمانىُّ دونَ تحديدٍ للظرفِ المكانىِّ فيكونُ الاحتِمالُ الأقربُ للعَقلِ أنَّ الظرْف المَكانىَّ مُختلِفٌ؛ بِمَعنى – مَثلا – "النَّهارُ حاصِلٌ الآنَ فى مِصرَ والليلُ حاصِلٌ الآن فى أمريكا" فيُمكنُ دَفعُ التعارُضِ بهذا التصوُّرِ، أمَّا الجُملَة الثانيَة فقد اتَّحدَ فيها الظرْفان الزمانىُّ والمكانىُّ بحيثُ لمْ يَعُد بالإمكانِ دَفع التعارُضِ بين القضيَّتين، فيُصبِحُ ثمَّة تناقُضٍ بينهُما بحيثُ يلزمُ مِن صِحَّةِ إحداهُما فسادُ الأخرى. هذهِ مُقدِّمةٌ لابُّدَ مِن استيعابِها قبلَ البحثِ فى التعارُض بينَ دينِ الإسلامِ ونظريَّةِ التطوُّرِ حتَّى نستطيعَ الفصلَ بينَ ما إذا كانَ ما بينَ الإثنينِ تعارُضٌ – يُمكنُ دَفعُه - أم تناقُضٌ أم توافُقٌ وانسِجامٌ. 1) الإسلامُ يُخبِرُ عَن المُسبِّب ، والعِلمُ يُخبرُ عَن السبَب : ومَعنى ذلِك أنَّ الإسلامَ قَضيَّته الأساسيَّة الإخبار عَن اللهِ جلَّ جلالُه، وهذا فارِقٌ جَوهرِىٌّ بينَهُ وبينَ العِلمِ الذى قضيَّتُهُ الأساسيَّةُ القوانينُ والنُّظمُ التى أبدعَها اللهُ سُبحانه؛ فالإسلامُ يعنى بالبحثِ عَن المُسبِّب الرئيسى للوجودِ – بكل ما يحتويهِ هذا الوجودُ – بينما يعنى العِلمُ بجميعِ نظريَّاتِه بالبحثِ فى الأسبابِ التى يَشتمِلُ عليها هذا الوجودُ. وبالمِثالِ أقول : إذا خاطَبَ رئيسُ الدَّولةِ الشعبَ قائلا "أعطيتُ أوامِرى للظباطِ والجنودِ بالانسحابِ" فإنَّ هذا لا ينفى أنْ يكونَ الرئيسُ قدْ أصدرَ الأمرَ للقيادَةِ العامَّةِ والتى بدورِها نقلتْهُ لقيادَة الأفرُعِ ثمَّ الوحداتِ ثمَّ الفِرَق، فلو شهدَ بعضُ الجنودِ أنَّهُم أخذوا أوامِرَهُم مِن قائِدِهِم المُباشر، فلا يتصوَّرُ البعْضُ وجودَ تعارُضٍ بين كلامِ الرئيسِ وكلامِ الجنودِ، فحاصِلُ الأمرِ أنَّ نسألَ هذا القائدَ مِن أينَ تلقى هذا الأمرَ فيدلَّنا على قائِدِه، فنتتبَّعَ هذهِ السلسلةَ صعودا حتى نصِلَ إلى رئيس الجُمهوريَّة – وهوَ الحلقةُ الأخيرَةُ التى تنتهى عِندها السِلسِلة فهوَ مَصدَرُ الأمرِ ومُنشئُهُ، وجميعُ الحَلقاتِ التاليةِ لهُ ليسَتْ سوى ناقلاتٍ لهذا الأمرِ الأوَّل. والحَقيقةُ أنَّ هذا المبدأ الهامَّ هوَ أساسُ التفكيرِ المَنطقىِّ فى هذهِ المسألةِ؛ فإنَّه لا حاجَة لدينٍ يُخبِرُ عَن الأسبابِ لأنَّ البشرَ قادرونَ على التوصُّلِ لها بالعِلمِ – واللهُ تعالى قدْ أبدَعَ هذا الكونَ على هذهِ النظمِ والمقاييسِ والقوانينِ الدقيقةِ والمُبهِرَةِ، ثمَّ وهَب البشرَ عقولا قادِرَة على اكتشافِ هذهِ القوانينِ والنظمِ وفهمِها والتعامُلِ مَعها بل وتطويعِها، ولكِن تبقى حلقةٌ واحِدَةٌ مَخفيَّةٌ وهىَ الأكثرُ أهميَّة وهىَ الحَلقةُ الأولى فى هذهِ السلسلةِ التى تنتهى إليها السلسلةُ ويَظهرُ أثرُها فى جميعِ حلقاتِها، هذهِ الحَلقةُ هىَ اللهُ جلَّ جلالُه. فإذا قالَ الإسلامُ أنَّ اللهَ يُنزِلُ مِن السماءِ ماءا فلا تَعارُض بينَ قولِه وبينَ قولِ العُلماءِ أنَّ السحابَ هوَ الذى يُنزِلُ الماءَ، ولو قالَ الإسلامُ أنَّ اللهَ يُسيِّرُ الجبال فلا تَعارُض بينَ قولِه وبينَ قولِ العُلماءِ أنَّ الذى يُسيِّرُها هوَ الصهارَةُ السائلةُ أسفلَ الصفيحَةِ التكتونيَّة، فالعِلمُ يتتبَّعُ الأسبابَ والدينُ يخترِقُها ليُخبِرَ عَن المُسبِّب الأوَّل، تماما كما كانَت مُهمَّة الرئيسِ أنْ يُخبِرَ عَن نفسِهِ كصاحِبٍ للأمرِ لا عَن الأسبابِ التى استخدَمها لإيصالِ الأمرِ وتنفيذِه. http://www.hurras.org/vb/showthread.php?t=47309
  24. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم السَّلامُ عَليكُم ورَحمَةُ اللهِ وبرَكاتُه اِعلمْ - يا عَبدَ اللهِ - أن العقل وزير تابعٌ حيثما وجهتَه توجَّه، وما عَبَدَة الإنسانِ أو الحيوانِ أو الجمادِ أو الجنِّ أو الملاكِ - وما أهلُ الباطل جَميعا فى مُنافحتِهم عن باطلِهم بعقولهم مُتَّبِعون للعقل وإنما هم مُستَعبِدوه ؛ استَعبَدوه لأهوائهم الفاسِدَةِ فانطلَق يُقيم الحججَ الباطِلات والأدلة الواهِياتِ التى تُقيم لهم هواهم وتُرضى نفوسَهم. فالذى أراه أنك ليس تَجذِبُك هذه "النظرية" اتِّباعا لحُجَّة أو دليل ولكن عُجْبًا بفكرة كامنة وراءها ربما هوتها نفسُك أو أُشْرِبَ بها هواك. فانظُرْ حالك فإنى أعِظُك أن تقوم لله مُحرِّرا عقلَك من عبودية الهوى واستبداد النفس وأن تتفكر قائلا لعقلك : "قُدنى للحقيقة لا لشىء غيرِها"، واستعن بالله ولا تعجز. قلتُ : تخيل معى أننا نعيش قبْل الآن بمائة أو مائتين من السنين، وإذ بك اطلعت على كلام العلماء أن الشمس لها موضع ثابت فى الفضاء، فاشْتَبَهَ عليك قولُ الله سبحانه : { وَالشَّمْسُ تَجْرِي لِمُسْتَقَرٍّ لَهَا ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ (38) } ( يس )، فإذا .. الأمر لا يخلو من فرضين : إما أن يقع الخطأ فى كلام العلماء أو فى كلام الله جلَّ جلاله فإن تعارض القولان فإن العقل السليم يقولُ : أ) كلام الله لا يتعارض مع بَدهياتِ العقل ومُسلَّماته الثابتة النهائية القطعية فما كان الله لِيخلق عقلا يحكمُ على شىء من ذاتِهِ أو صفاته أو أفعاله بالاستحالة، وما كانَ ليُخبِرَ الإنسانَ بشئٍ يَحكمُ عليهِ عقلهُ بالاستحالةِ، ونظير ذلك قولُ أهل الصليب على الثلاثة إنهم واحد وعلى الواحد إنه ثلاثة – خطأ منطقى -، وقولهم عن الأرنب إنه من الحيوانات المجترَّة وعَن الأرضِ إنَّها مُسطـَحة دائِريَّة – خطأ علمى -. فلو قال النصُّ شيئا يَحكمُ عليه العقل بالاستحالة سواء بالمنطق أو العلم كان النصُّ ساقطا ولا مُعوِّل عليه، وليس فى النصوص الإسلامية الصحيحة من ذلك شىء. ب) إذا وقع التعارض بين النصِّ وبين قولٍ يجرى عليه الصواب والخطأ بالمنطق أو بالعلم – أى بالاجتهاد المنطقى أو بالاجتهاد العلمى – فإن النصَّ إذا كان معلوما بطريق القطع واليقين فإنه لا يسقط لأجل قول لا يفيد إلا الظن. وقالَ اللهُ تعالى : { وَمَا لَهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِنْ يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَإِنَّ الظَّنَّ لَا يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا (28) } ( النجم )، ولأجل ذلك يدَّعى المسلمون أن النصوص المقدسة لا تكون لها قدسية إلا أن تكون ثابتة بطريق القطع واليقين وإلا جاز سقوطها لمجرد الظن، وما كان الله ليذَرَ خَلْقَه ضائعين فى متاهة الظنون كفرع يابس فى مهَبِّ الريح، فالريح القوية لا يقدِر عليها إلا شجرة راسخة .. فتأمَّلْ. ولأنه ثابت لدينا - بسابق النظر – أن نصوص القرآن الكريم ثابتة بطريق القطع واليقين فإننا سننظر فى قول العلماء فنستدعى فى عقولنا عملية التفكير بأدواتها التى أبدعها الله تعالى لنا وأنعم بها علينا لنعرف حجية هذا القول، فأمَّا أنا فسأقيس الأمور وأقولُ لك : إذا كان الناس يعيشون على ظهر الأرض وهى تدور حول محورها وحول الشمس ولم يعرفوا بهذا الدوران ولا ذاك، واليوم يعرفون أنهم أخطأوا ويعترفون فما لنا ندع قول من لا يُخطئ لقولِ من يُخطئ. قلتُ : وسبحان الله العظيم، اليوم يعرفون أنهم أخطأوا ويَعترِفون. أقولُ : فإذا كان هذا هو المنهج السليم والسبيل القويم فكيف بك تأتى حاملا كفتى ميزانٍ "القرآنُ" فى إحداهما و"النظريةُ" فى الأخرى ؟! إن كنتَ قصَّرتَ فى تعلُّم دين الله وفهم رسالته وهجَرتَ كتابَه حتى لم تعرِفْ ما إذا كانت نصوصه ثابتة بالقطع أم بالظن أو تصح معارضتها بالقطع أم بالظن فكان الأولى بك أن ترجع إلى منابع الدين القويم تستقِى منها العلم السليم. هذهِ المُجادَلةُ لا تتعلق بأدلة ثبوت "النظرية" فإنَّه بعدَ إيقاعِ النَّظرِ على هذهِ النظريَّةِ مِن جميعِ جوانبِها يَتَّضِحُ أنَّها لا تُعارِضُ وجودَ اللهِ تعالى ولا صِحَّةَ الإسلامِ على أىِّ وَجهٍ مِن أوجُهِها أو فى أصغر مسألةٍ مِن مسائِلِها، بل إنَّ الناظِرَ المُدَقِّق يستطيعُ بسهولَةٍ استخدامَها دليلاً على وجودِ اللهِ كمسألةٍ أولى، ودليلا أكبَرَ على صِحَّةِ الإسلامِ كمسألةٍ ثانية، ونحنُ لولا أنَّنا مُسلمونَ لاحتَجَجْنا بهذهِ النظريَّةِ - بل وبِعباراتِ المَلاحِدةِ أنفسِهِم فيها - على وجودِ اللهِ وصِحَّةِ الإسلامِ، ولكنَّنا مُسلِمون أهلُ حُجَّةٍ وبُرهانٍ وحَقٍّ وقُرآنٍ، لا نقبلُ قولا بغيرِ دليلٍ ولا دليلا بغيرِ حُجَّة، ونعلمُ أنَّ اعتقادَ الإنسانِ فى شئٍ غيرُ مُلزِمٍ لغيرِهِ ما لمْ يُثبتْهُ لهُ فإنْ أثبتَهُ صارَ الإلزامُ إلزامَ أدَبٍ وتهذيب لا إلزامَ قهرٍ وتعذيب. ويَكفينا أنْ نَحتجَّ على المُلحدين بعباراتِهِم كما يقولونها فى إثباتِ خطأِ ما يَزعمونَهُ بحُجَّةٍ لا يرفضونها، أمَّا نحنُ أهلُ القرآنِ العظيمِ فحالُنا مَعَ العِلمِ يبقى أبدا كحالِ أمثالِنا مَعَ مِثلِه، لا نشبعُ مِنهُ ولا نضجُّ بهِ ولا نُنكِرُ عليهِ فى شئٍ قادنا إليهِ، نُجِّلُ العِلمَ ونُقدِّرُ العُلماءَ ونعرِفُ أنَّ مِن إجلالِ العِلمِ وتقديرِ العُلماءِ ألا يؤخذَ العِلمُ بالظنِّ والتيهان بل بالدليل والبرهان، فنبحَثُ حقَّ البحثِ ونجدُّ عينَ الجِدِّ حتى نصلَ إلى الحقِّ المُبينِ بمَنهجيَّةٍ لا لغوٌ فيها ولا تأثيم، تقيمُ العوجَ وترفعُ الخبثَ وتُنقى حقيقةَ العِلمِ كما يُنقى الكيرُ خبَثَ الحديدِ، وتُجَنِّب العالِمَ والعالَمَ مُعالجَةَ الخطأِ المُترتِّبِ على الحقيقةِ العِلميَّة اللاحقيقيَّة واللاعِلميَّة، نُخطئ كغيرِنا ولكنَّنا أبدا لا نستسهِلُ العِلمَ كما يستسهلونَه، ولا نُهينُه كما يُهينونه، ولا نجحدُهُ كما يَجحَدونَه. لذلِك فهذهِ المُجادَلةُ ستُناقِشُ بإذن اللهِ تعالى مسائل أولية لا بُدّ منها بعد التوصيف فأقول : أولا : التوصيف أقامَ المُلحِدُ دعواه على أن "نظريَّة التطوُّرِ" تتعارض مع وجود الله بعامة ومع دين الإسلام بخاصة، وهو لازم من إقرانه بين صدق "النظرية" وبين تحوله إلى الإلحاد وتلكما مشكلتان تتبعهما ثالثة ؛ أنه يخلط بين "فكرة" النظرية وبين تفاصيلها ومعلوم أن "النظرية" من حيث "لب الفكرة" قد تكون صحيحة بالكلية أو فاسدة بالكلية، فإن كانت صحيحة فهي من حيث تفاصيلها قد تصح بأية نسبة من النسب التي يتحقق معها مضمون الفكرة وجوهرها ؛ فإذا قلنا على سبيل المثال إن الأرض كروية فهذه الفكرة تظل صحيحة رغم أن نسبة كروية الأرض ليست تامة لوجود الانبعاج عند القطبين، فتلك ثلاث مشاكل في التوصيف نناقِشها فى المُشاركاتِ التالية. ثانيا : هل تصلح نظرية التطور دليلا على نفي وجود الله ؟ 1) الحس العقلي البدهي يقول إنه إذا كان كثير من العلماء الذين يؤمنون بنظرية التطور يؤمنون بوجود الله أيّا كانت صورة وجوده أو تعريفه سواء كإله أو كقوة عظمى أو ما سوى ذلك فلو كانت النظرية تقف من وجود الله موقف الضد ما اجتمع الضدان. والحَقيقةُ أنَّ الناظِرَ المُتأمِّل فى عِباراتِ القومِ يجِدُها فى كمٍّ لا بأسَ بهِ مِنها تُضاهى قولَ الإسلامِ فى اللهِ جلَّ جلالُه، وأغلبُ هؤلاءِ قدْ جاوَرَهُم الصوابُ فى شِقٍّ وجانبَهُم فى آخر، فوافقهُم فى رفضِهِم لِفكرَةِ الإلهِ المصلوبِ الجاهِلِ الجبَّار "الكهل الأشقر الذى يجلسُ على عرشِ السَّماء ليُحصى خطايا البشر"، فهؤلاء الذين سبروا أغوار الكونِ مِن بدايتِه لمُنتهاهُ - حسب ظنِّهم - وغاصوا إلى أعمقِ أسرارِه وقوانينهِ لا يُمكنُ أبدا أنْ يؤمنوا بإلهٍ لا يعلمُ متى تطرحُ شجرَةُ التينِ ثمرَها ولا مَتى تحينُ السَّاعَة، فهُم فى الحقيقةِ لمْ يُنكروا وجودَ الإلهِ بعامَّةٍ ولكنَّهُم أنكروا الإلهَ الذى درجوا على مَعرِفتِه ورأوا أهليهِم يُقدِّمون لهُ فروض الولاءِ وطقوسَ العِبادَةِ أمام صورَتِه وهوَ طِفل بينَ ثديى أمِّه أو شابٌّ مُسمَّرٌ على خشبَةٍ أو بجوارِ أبيهِ الرجل الكهل الأشقر. أمَّا الملاحِدَةُ المُسلِمون فإنِّهم يسيرونَ خلفَ هؤلاءِ على عمى وغيرِ بصيرَةٍ، ولديهِم كَمٌّ لا نظيرَ لهُ مِن الجَهلِ بدينِهِم فضلا عَن الفروقِ العظيمَةِ بين الدينيْنِ، فيكتفونَ بتردادِ ذاتِ الكلامِ الذى يُردِّدُه أسيادُهُم فمهما حاوَلتَ إسقاط كلامِهِم على واقِعِهم ما استطعْتَ إلى ذلِك سبيلا، فيُنكِرون وجودَ دليلٍ على وجودِ اللهِ تعالى أو على صِحَّةِ رسالتِه ويتمسَّكون بإيمانِهِم بالعِلمِ، بينما الواقِعُ أنَّه سواءٌ وجودُ اللهِ تعالى أو صِحَّةُ رسالته قد ثبتا جميعا بالعِلمِ لا بأىِّ طريقٍ آخرَ، هى فقط أفرُعٌ مِن العِلمِ لم يُبصَم عليها ببصماتِ أسيادِهِم الأوروبيين أو الأمريكيين مِن اليهود والنصارى والبوذيين، فهؤلاءِ لهُم فى كلِّ مزبلةٍ مَجلِسٌ وديوانٌ إلا جنَّةُ أسلافِهِم هُمْ مِنها بشرِّ مكانٍ. أمَّا ما أخطأوا بهِ - الأوَّلون - فهوَ أنَّ كرههم لهذا الإلهِ المَزعومِ قادَهُم إلى الكُفرِ بالإلهِ بعامَّةٍ، وإن كانوا يقولون بوجوبِ توَفُّرِ صِفاتٍ مُعيَّنةٍ فى هذا الإلهِ إذا كان موجودا، ثمَّ يقولون أنَّهُ لا دليلَ على وجودِه فيُنكرون المسألةَ جميعها أو يُلقون عِبء الإثباتِ فيها على الخلقيين. هذا يُذكِّرُنى بالمُمَثِّلةِ التى أخبروها بتاريخِ اكتشافِ الأكسجينِ فسألتْهُم "وماذا كان البشرُ يتنفسونَ قبل ذلِك"، فلا يَلزَمُ مِن عَدَمِ العِلمِ عِلمُ العَدَمِ، وعِندَ عدَمِ العِلمِ يَكفى اصطحابُ الأصل حتى يقومَ الدليلُ على غيرِهِ، فقبلَ اكتشافِ الأكسجين كان النَّاسُ يَعلمون أنَّهُم يتنفسون ويحيون بهذا النفسِ دونَ أن يُدرِكوا ماهيَتَهُ أوْ طبيعَته، وكذلِك فى وجودِ اللهِ سُبحانه فالأصلُ هوَ وجودُهُ حتى يقومَ دليلٌ على عدمِ وجودِه هكذا كانت المَسألةُ وهكذا ستبقى إلى الأبد، فما بالُنا وأنَّه قام أيضا دليلٌ على وجودِ اللهِ تعالى ! ) إذا افترضنا أن النظرية صحيحة تماما في فكرتها الكلية وفي تفاصيلها الداخلية فهي أيضا لا تصلح دليل نفي لوجود الله جل جلاله بل على العكس فإن وجودها أقوى في إثبات وجود الله تعالى من عدم وجودها ؛ فإنَّها تضيف بعدا آخر للدقة والروعة والإعجاز والإبداع فى تصميم تلك المكونات الأولية التى انفجرت منها الحياة، ألا ترى معى أن الأجيال المتقدمة من الحواسب الآلية والهواتف النقالة والبشر الآليين تمتلك دائما قدرات ووظائف أكثر تقدما من الأجيال التي تسبقها، مثل قدرتها على تطوير نفسها ومعالجة أخطائها وحذف فيروساتها بل والقدرة على إنشاء برامج أخرى أو آليات أخرى، ألا ترى معى أن هذه الأجيال المتقدمة أقوى في إثبات وجود صانع ماهر خلفها من غيرها من الأجيال البدائية التي حتى وإن دلت على وجود صانع فإنها لا تدل على مهارته وتمكنه وقدرته كما تفعل هذه الأجيال المتقدمة. وإذا كان الناس قديما لا يتصورون أن تنشأ الحياةُ مِن غيرِ موجِدٍ برغم قلة علومهم وضحالةِ معارِفهم– أفلا يكون أصعب على التصديق وأعتى على التصوُّر أن تكونَ الحياةُ قدْ انبثقت بغيرِ موجِدٍ قادِر مَع تطوُّرِ العلمِ واتساعِ مَعارِف الإنسانِ بخصوص الحياةِ واكتشاف مدى تعقيدها ودرَجةِ إبهارِها وقدرتها على البقاءِ فى أصعبِ الظروف وأعتاها مع كل ما فيها مِن تنوُّعٍ بل .... وقدرتها على التطوُّر ! أعنى مَن ذا الذى يُمكنُ أنْ يَمرَّ بطيْفِ خيالِهِ أنَّ اللبناتِ الأولى للمادَّةِ يُمكنُ أنْ تكونَ على هذهِ الدرجَةِ المُبهِرَةِ مِن التعقيدِ والتطوُّرِ، بحيث أنَّ البشر حتى يومنا هذا - بكلِّ ما وَصلوا إليهِ مِن تِقنياتٍ وعلوم - لا يَفهمون جميعَ أحوالِها، فلا يملِكون أمامَ الإلكترونِ مَثلا سوى قوانينِ الاحتمالاتِ المُتمثلة فى "قوانين الكمِّ"، إنَّهُ أمرٌ يخرجُ عَنْ التصوُّرِ حتى أنَّه يقفُ مِن العقلِ موقِف العدوِّ أن يُقالَ أنَّ هذهِ الدِقَّة المُبهِرة - التى تفوق حدودَ الفهمِ وتتجاوَزُ أفقَ العقلِ - هىَ دليلُ نفى وجودِ اللهِ تعالى، والأفجَعُ مِن ذلِك أنْ يُقالَ أنَّ قُدرَةتِلكَ اللبناتِ الأوليَّةِ للمادَّة على تصميم اللبناتِ الأوليَّةِ للحياةِ - التى تفوقُ الأولى إبهارا وإبداعا - بحيثُ يكونُ لها القُدرَةُ على "إنشاءِ" الحياةِ ثمَّ "الارتقاء" بها، "الارتقاء" بها فقط وليسَ السقوط ولا الانحدار، "الارتقاء" المُبهِرُ والمُعجِزُ، "الارتقاء" الذى يأخذُ الألبابَ ويكتمُ الأفواه، أنْ يُقالَ أنَّ هذا دليلُ نفى وجودِ اللهِ تعالى. إنَّها أشدُّ سخافةٍ اجترحَها العقلُ البشرىُّ على مرِّ الدهورِ، ومِن عَجيبِ الأمرِ أن ينعى أهلُ هذهِ السفاهَةِ على الخلقيين إيمانَهُم بوجودِ اللهِ تعالى. ملحوظة : أسقطنا هُنا حَلقةً مُهمَّة هىَ "اللبناتُ الأوليَّة للطاقة" التى "أنشأت" و"ارتقت" بـ"اللبنات الأوليَّة للمادَّة" فإنَّ الحديثَ عَن ذلِك يحتاجُ إلى قُدْراتٍ لا نَملِكُها نحنُ المُتكبرون على خالِقِنا ! ) نظريَّة التطوُّر لا يُمكُن أن تُعارِض مبدأ وجودِ اللهِ بداهة لأنَّها لا تبحَث أساسا فى أصلِ الحياةِ أو مبدأ الوجود؛ فغايةُ النظريَّة بجميعِ صوَرِها هى البحثُ فى الطريقةِ أو الآليَّة التى تطوَّرت بها الحياة، فهىَ تتعامَلُ مَع الحياةِ باعتبارِها شيئا موجودا بالفِعل، وذلك بتثبيتِ فرضيَّة أوَّليَّة تقضى بأنَّ الحياة تطوَّرت – وتِلك مُشكلة سنتعرَّض لها لاحقا – فحتى لو افترضنا أنَّ الحياة تطوَّرت بالفعل وحتى لو اكتشفنا الآليَّة التى تطوَّرت بها وأثبتنا ذلِك حتى صارَ مِن الحقائق العِلميَّة تبقى مسألةُ وجودِ اللهِ تعالى ثابتة كما كانت قبلا، فاللهُ تعالى مَعروف فى جميعِ الثقافاتِ والأديانِ وحتى الفلسفات بكونِه "العلة الأولى" أو "المُنشئ" أو "المُبدئ" أو "سبب الوجود" أو "الأوَّل"، فحتى لو ثبتت النظريَّة علميا فلن تفيدَ فى مسألةِ وجودِ اللهِ تعالى أكثرَ مِمَّا تفيدُه الحقيقةُ العلميَّة التى تقولُ أنَّ الإنسانَ يدخلُ إلى الحياةِ بسبب تلقيحِ بويضة الأمِّ بالحيوانِ المنوىِّ للأبِّ، ولم نَجِد عاقِلا فى الكونِ كلِّه يقول أنَّ هذهِ الحقيقة تنفى وجودَ اللهِ تعالى لأنَّه لا يخلق الإنسانَ بيديه .. هذا الأمرُ أشبَهَ بأن نقولَ أنَّ الطائرات التى تطيرُ بغيرِ طيَّارٍ تنفى وجودَ الإنسانِ لأنَّها تطيرُ بغيرِ طيَّارٍ، أو أنَّ السيارة التى أنتجها مَصنعٌ آلىٌّ بالكامِل تنفى وجودَ الإنسانِ لأنَّها لا تحتاجُ فى صِناعَتها إلى تدخُّلِ الإنسان، وهذا فاسِدٌ كما ترى. فلو أخذنا هذهِ السلسلة فقلنا أنَّ سبب وجودِ الإنسانِ أبواهُ فما سببُ وجودِ أبوَيهِ ؟ فما سببُ وجودِ أبوى كلٍّ مِنهما ؟ وهكذا كلَّما صعدنا فى السلسلة سيُصيبنا التعبُ ولن نصِل إلى السبب الأوَّل .. هذا لا يعنى أنَّ السببَ الأوَّل غيرُ موجودٍ وإنَّما يَعنى أنَّ السلسلة طويلةٌ بما لا نقدِرُ مَعهُ على الخروجِ مِنها إلا لو اعتمدنا طريقةً أكثرَ شموليَّةٍ وتجريدٍ مِن هذهِ الطريقة؛ فبدلا مِن أن نبحث عَن سببِ وجودِ كلِّ حلقة مِن حلقاتِ السلسلةِ فإنَّنا نسألُ : ما سببُ وجودِ الإنسانِ الأول ؟، أى الحلقة الأولى مِن هذهِ السلسلة، فالأمرُ هُنا أشبَه بالخوارزميَّاتِ .. فبدلا مِن أن نُجرى المُعادلة ذاتها مائةَ مرَّةٍ فإنَّنا نضعُ لها قانونا واحدا نقومُ فيهِ بتجهيلِ القيمةِ محلِّ المُعادلة، ونفسُ الفِكرَةِ فى البرمجة الشيئية المُرتبطة – Object Oriented Programming(OOP)- ونفسُ الفِكرَةِ فى الخلق؛ السؤالُ هوَ : ما سببُ وجودِ الحلقةِ الأولى مِن السلسلةِ ؟ نظريَّةُ التطوُّرِ إذا لا تعدوا إلا أنها تربطُ عِدَّة سلاسِل ببعضها مُكوِّنة سلسلة أطولَ؛ فبدَلَ أنْ يكونَ آدمُ هوَ الحلقةُ الأولى فى السلسلةِ فإنَّها تُخبِرُنا أنَّه الحلقةُ الأخيرَةُ فى سلسلةٍ سابِقةٍ على هذهِ السلسلةِ ولتكُن "سلسلة القرود" هذا لا يحلُّ المُعادلة لأنَّ هذهِ السلسلة الجديدَة أيضا لها حلقةُ بداية، ولو افترضنا صِحَّة النظريَّةِ فسنصِل إلى "الخليَّةِ الأولى" ونسألُ : كيفَ وُجِدَت ؟ سؤال "كيفَ وجِدَت الخليَّة الأولى" لا توجَدُ عليهِ حتى الآن إجابَةٌ علميَّة واحِدَةٌ، فمازالت ثمَّة ثغرَةٍ فى السلسلة .. هُنا يصرُخ المُلحِدون "نحنُ لا نؤمنُ بإلهِ الثغراتِ" أى الإلهِ الذى يتمّ إدخالُهُ إلى المُعادَلةِ كلَّما وُجِدَت ثغرَةٌ فيها – فمَثلا كانَ النَّاسُ قديما يُدخلون "الفِعل الإلهى" فى وقوعِ "المطر" لجَهلِهم بسبب وقوعِه ثمَّ اكتَشفَ العِلمُ أنَّ السببَ ليسَ "الفِعل الإلهىَّ" ولكنَّه تلاقُحُ السحبِ الذى سَبَبُه الرياحُ الذى سببُها ...... إلخ. لاحِظ أنَّ الفِعلَ الإلهىَّ قائمٌ فى كلِّ حَلقاتِ السلسلةِ عِندَ المؤمنين، تماما كما أنَّ مَهارَة المُبرمِج قائِمَةٌ فى كلِّ عمليَّةٍ يؤديها البرنامَجُ رغمَ أنَّه لمْ يَصنَع غيرَ كِتابَة الكودِ ثمَّ البرنامَجُ يعملُ مِن خلالِ سلسلةٍ طويلةٍ مِن الأحداثِ "Events" المُبرمَجةِ باكواد "Codes" مُرتبطةٍ بأدواتٍ "Objects" وبيانات "Data" أو مُدخلاتٍ "Entries" .. فكلُّ مراحِلِ هذهِ السلسلةِ مُرتبطةٌ بالمُبرمِج الذى صمَّم الأداة وخلق لها حدثا وربطه بكودٍ يُعالِجُ بهِ البياناتِ المُدخلةَ أو المَحفوظَةَ فى أداةٍ أخرى، ثمَّ نرى دائِما أنَّ المُبرمِج لا يتدخلُّ فى عمَلِ برنامجه لأنَّه صمَّم هذا البرنامَج أساسا ليقومَ هوَ بالعملِ، فمُبرمِجُ الآلةِ الحاسِبة لا يقومُ بنفسهِ بحسابِ المُعادلاتِ وكذلِك صانِعُ السيارةِ لا يقومُ بنفسه – على ظهرِه مثلا - بنقلِ الركاب، فكذلِك اللهُ دائما ظاهِرٌ فى كلِّ حلقةٍ مِن حلقاتِ السلسلةِ بوصفِه المُسبِّب وليسَ بوصفِه السبب. المُلحِدون يرفضونَ هذا التوصيفَ فيقولون "ليسَ مَعنى أنَّنا لا نعرِف كيفَ نشأت الخليَّة الأولى أنَّ اللهَ هو الذى أنشأها"، لهذا فسنفترِض أنَّهُ تمَّت الإجابَةُ على هذا السؤالِ ونستمِّرُ صعودا فى السلسلةِ .. نشأت الخليَّةُ الأولى مِن مَجموعَةٍ مِن المُركباتِ العضويَّة، هنا فى هذهِ الحلقة تحديدا ينتهى دورُ نظريَّة التطورِ بل وينتهى دورُ عِلمِ الأحياءِ تماما، ويتوجَّبُ علينا أنْ نُغادِرَ فصلَ الأحياءِ لندخلَ فصل الفيزياءِ لنبحثَ فى منشأِ الذراتِ، لنكتشِف أنَّنا يتوجَّبُ علينا أن نأخذ مُقرَّرًا عَن "فيزياءِ الكون" لنصلَ إلى الأصولِ الأولى للكونِ. لاحِظ أنَّ هذهِ الرِحلة تستمرُّ مَع الخالِقِ دونَ أن تنكسِرَ فى أىِّ حلقةٍ مِن حلقاتِها بينما ينتهى تماما دورُ علمِ الأحياءِ بجميعِ فروعِه، لهذا نقولُ أنَّ النظريَّة لا يُمكنُ أبدا أن تكونَ دليلا على عدمِ وجودِ اللهِ تعالى أو حتى شبهَ دليلٍ على ذلِك. المُحصِّلة النهائيَّة بعدَ تتبُّعِ جميعِ السلاسِل تعودُ بنا إلى نُقطةِ البداية والتى تقودُنا إلى فرضٍ مِن اثنين • البدايَةُ أزليَّة • البدايَة مَخلوقة والبدايَة الأزليَّة فى أبسَطِ دلالاتِها تُسقِطُ اعتراض المُلحدين على وجودِ اللهِ تعالى؛ فلو كانَ الكونُ أزليا فما المانِعُ أن يكونَ لهُ خالِقٌ أزلىٌّ ؟ ولو كانت البدايَةُ مَخلوقة فلا شكَّ أنَّ خالقها سيكونُ لهُ قوانين مُختلفة عن قوانينها، ولا يوجَدُ ما يَمنعُ عقلا أن يكونَ هذا الاختلافُ فى قانونِ السببيَّةِ ذاته، فيكونُ الخالِقُ غيرَ حادِثٍ ولا خاضِعٍ للأسباب، وذلِكَ هو اللهُ تعالى. لاحِظ أنَّ هذا التسلسل المنطقى فى التفكيرِ حدَث بعدَ التسليمِ التامِّ بجميعِ ما يقولُه التطوريون، مِمَّا يوضِّح أنَّ كلامَهُم كلَّه لا قيمَة له فى مسألة وجودِ اللهِ تعالى. ) الاعتراضُ الوحيدُ لدى التطوريين على مسألةِ وجودِ اللهِ تعالى هوَ الذى سَمِعتُه مِن أحدِ كِبارِ عُلمائِهِم فى مُناظرَةٍ بينَه وبين أحدِ الخلقيين، مُفاده : إنَّ عمليَّة التطوُّرِ لا تحتاجُ أساسا لأىِّ تدخلٍّ إلهىٍّ. كان هذا اعتراض كبيرِهِم وهوَ مُتهافِتٌ كما سيتبينُ بعدُ، ولكِن أوًّلا دعنا نزيدُ كلامَهُ وضوحا فنقول : إذا افترضنا أنَّ الخالِق ليسَ لهُ وجودٌ وأنَّ الحياة نشأت مُصادَفة فإنَّها كانت ستتطوَّر بنفسِ الصورَةِ التى هى عليها، فالعُنصُرُ الإلهىُّ ليسَ لهُ لزومٌ أوْ ظهورٌ فى تِلكَ العَمليَّةِ سواءٌ بالطريقِ المُباشِرِ أو غيرِ المُباشِر. وكما قلتُ فهذا مِن أغربِ القولِ وهوَ مِمَّا يجعلُ المرءَ يَعجبُ مِن المُلحدين إذ يكونُ أمثالُ هذا الرجلِ مِن كِبارِهِم والذين يرجعون إليهِم، وقدْ أشرتُ فى سابقِ كلامى إلى عِدَّةِ مسائلَ تخرقُ هذا الاعتراض فى عِدَّةِ نواحى لذا فسأُجمِلُ هُنا قدرَ المُستطاع إلا فى نقطةٍ واحِدَةٍ لأهمِّيتِها. أ‌) سبَقَ وقُلنا أنَّ استمرار السلسلةِ فى التتابُعِ الآلىِّ دون الحاجَةِ إلى تدخُّلٍ مُباشِرٍ أقوى فى التدليلِ على وجودِ اللهِ تعالى، فكلَّما زادَ انتظامُ السلسلةِ وزادَ الإتقانُ فى آليَّةِ عمَلِها كلما دلَّ ذلِك باطرادٍ على مَهارةِ ودِقَّةِ صُنعِها. مُنذ ما يُقاربُ السنةَ كنتُ أعمَلُ على نظامِ تشغيل "Windows XP" وأظنُّ أنَّه تقنيَةٌ تكنولوجيَّةٌ مُتطوِّرَةٌ، فإذا بى عِندما انتقلتُ إلى نظامِ "Windows 7" أرى الأوَّل أشبهَ شئٍ بالجحيمِ، السببُ فى ذلِك أنَّ الأوَّل كان يحتاجُ إلى عمليَّاتِ إصلاحٍ مُتعدِّدَةٍ ومُتقارِبَةٍ وبالرغمِ مِن ذلِك لا يتحمَّلُ أكثرَ مِن ثلاثةِ أشهرٍ فيتمُّ استبدالُه، بينما الثانى منذ اليومِ الذى قمتُ فيهِ بتركيبهِ لم يحتَج لإصلاحٍ أو استبدالٍ ولا مرَّة واحِدة، هذا لا يدلُّ مِن وِجهَةِ نظرى على أنَّهُ ليسَ لهُ مُصمِّمٌ وإنَّما يدلُّ على أنَّ لهُ مُصمِّمٌ ماهِرٌ ومُقتَدِرٌ. فكونُ المُلحدينَ يرونَ فى استمرارِ سلسلةِ الحياةِ لملياراتِ السنين دون انقطاع، بل وتدرُّجِها مِن البساطةِ للتعقيدِ، بل وتنوُّعِها المُتزايدِ عبرَ العصورِ، بل وتناسقها الشديد فى كلِّ عَصرٍ مِن العصورِ مَع بعضِها البعض ومَعَ الطبيعةِ المُحيطَةِ بها .. كونُ المُلحِدِ يرى فى كلِّ ذلِك دليلا على عدَمِ وجودِ اللهِ تعالى فهذا أمرٌ يَدعو للتساؤلِ بخصوصِ قُدراتِه العقليَّة. ب) العلماء التطوريون أنفسُهُم يقولون أنَّ الأرض مرَّت عليها ظروفٌ غايَةٌ فى القساوَةِ والتطرُّف خلال عُمرها الذى يصلُ إلى 4.6 بليون سنة، سواءٌ بسقوطِ الشهب والنيازِك أو انفجار البراكين أو تكون الجليدِ أو ذوبانه فى العصورِ الجليديَّةِ المُختلفة، فهذهِ القشرَةُ الصلبةُ أو المياهُ السائلةُ أو جزيئاتُ الهواءِ الغازيَّةِ قدْ مرَّت جميعها بتشكيلاتٍ مُتباينة مِن الظروفِ القاسيَةِ بل والمُتطرِّفة فى قسوتِها، وبالرغمِ مِن ذلِك إلا أنَّنا نرى الحياة تغزو هذهِ الطبقاتِ الثلاث غزوا يبدو مُنظَّما ومُتكاملا حتى أنَّها لتفرِضُ اليومَ سطوتَها وهَيمَنتها على الطبقاتِ الثلاثِ فى احتلالٍ مُحكَمٍ يُميِّزُ كوكبنا عَن سائِر كواكِب الكونِ ولا يحتاجُ مَعهُ الناظِرُ إليهِ إلى التدقيقِ لإيجادِ الحياةِ، بل إنَّه يُدركُ بالنظرَةِ الأولى وقبل حتى أنْ يتجاوزَ الطبقة الغازيَّة أنَّ هذا الكونَ عامِرٌ بالحياةِ أشدَّ ما يكونُ العمارُ. ثمَّ ومعَ هذا الغزوِ المُتكامِل لا نجِدُ أىَّ عيبٍ أو قصور فى أىِّ كائنٍ حىٍّ بل على العكسِ مِن ذلِك، دائما تجدُ الإبداعَ والجمالَ والدقَّة المُتناهيَة والتناسُق المُذهِل والتخصصيَّة المُعجِزَة، وهذا أبدا لا يُمكنُ أنْ يقعَ فى الذهنِ أن يكونَ عشوائيا يَخبِطُ على غيرِ هُدى لا سيَّما فى ظلِّ كلِّ الظروفِ التى مرَّت بها الأرضُ، ولا سيَّما وقدْ قرَّرَ المُلحِدون أنَّ السلسلة استمرَّت منذُ البدايةِ دونَ أن تنكسِرَ وتبدأ مِن جديدٍ ولا مرَّةً واحِدة. جـ) هذهِ الحُجَّةُ الغريبَةُ المُتهافِتَةُ وإنْ سلَّمنا بصِحَّتِها – وهىَ فاسِدَةٌ - ووافقنا المُلحِد على أنَّ التطوُّرَ يحدُثُ بطريقةٍ آليَّةٍ لا تحتاجُ لوجودِ الخالِقِ فإنَّها تبقى أشبَه بالقولِ بأنَّ البشرَ غيرُ مَخلوقين لأنَّهم يتوالدون بقوانينِ الوِراثةِ دونَ حاجَةٍ لوجودِ خالِق، وهذا القولُ الغريبُ لا يُستساغُ لا بالعقلِ ولا بالمَنطِقِ أو حتى بالمُشاهَدَةِ، وقدْ تكلَّمنا فى هذا كثيرا، فالحاصِلُ أنَّ حُجَّة المُلحِد قدْ تنفى احتياجَ الحياةِ للخالِق فى تطوُّرِها ولكنَّها لا تَصلحُ لنفى احتياجِها لهُ سُبحانه فى نشأتِها ومَبدأ أمرِها، فكلامُه والعَدَمُ سواءٌ. د) الأمرُ الخطيرُ فى كلامِ هذا الرَّجُلِ – مِن وِجْهَةِ نظرى – ويحتاجُ إلى توقُّفٍ وتأمُّلٍ كبيرين – عكس سائر كلامِ المُلحدين – يظهرُ باستقراءِ مَنهَجِ القومِ فى التدليلِ والإثباتِ، فالمُلحِدون يبدأون فى افتراضِ أنَّ اللهَ غيرَ موجودٍ ويُخرجون العُنصرَ الإلهىَّ مِن الصورَةِ تماما دون دليل، ثمَّ عِندما تسألُهُم عَن دليلِهِم على عدمِ وجودِ اللهِ يقولون : "دليلنا أنَّهُ غيرُ موجودٍ فى الصورَة" بالرَّغمِ مِن أنَّ عدَم وجودِه كان بسبب إقصائِهم لهُ بغيرِ دليلٍ على هذا الإقصاء. دعنا مَثلا نأخذُ الداروينيَّة القديمة : افترَض داروين أنَّ التطوُّر يحدُث بطريقةِ "الانتخابِ الطبيعىِّ"، إذا فعِندما تسألهُ "ما هىَ آلياتُ التغيِّير ؟" يُجيب "الانتخابُ الطبيعىُّ" .. المُفترَضُ أن تكونَ إجابَتُهُ "إمَّا الانتخابُ الطبيعىُّ وإمَّا التدخل الإلهىُّ" ولكنَّهُ يبدأ بإقصاءِ العُنصُرِ الإلهىِّ فيقصُرُ آليَّة التغيير على "الانتخابِ الطبيعىِّ" دونَ سِواهُ .. فهوَ يبدأ بإقصاءِ العُنصرِ الإلهىِّ دونَ أنْ يكونَ لديهِ دليلٌ على عدَمِ تدخله .. للتوضيحِ أقولُ : نحنُ نؤمنُ أنَّ البشرَ يتوالدون باللقاءِ الجنسىِّ فهذه آليَّةُ التكاثُرِ حسَب عِلمِنا، ولكنَّنا مَع ذلِكَ نؤمنُ أنَّه قدْ يتدخل العامِلُ الإلهىُّ فى الصورَةِ فيتكوَّنُ لدينا "المسيح بن مريم" كمولودٍ بغيرِ الآليَّةِ الطبيعيَّةِ للولادَةِ .. وبالمِثل قدْ تكونُ الآليَّة الأصليَّةُ فى التطوُّرِ هىَ "الانتخابُ الطبيعى" أو "الطفرات" أو ..... إلخ ولكنَّ هذا لا يَمنَعُ أن يتواجَدَ العُنصرُ الإلهىُّ فى أىِّ حلقة مِن الحلقاتِ سواءٌ بالخلقِ المُباشِر أو مَنعِ التطوُّرِ أو تأجيله أو تهيئةِ الظروف لتسريعِه أو غير ذلِك بأىِّ صورَةٍ مِن صوَرِ التدخل .. والمُلحِدُ لا يَقبلُ بهذا الاحتمالِ دونَ أن يكونَ لديهِ دليلٌ وحيدٌ على مُدَّعاهُ، ثمَّ بعدما يُقرِّرُ المُلحِدُ أنَّ التطوُّرَ حدَثَ بغيرِ تدخلِ العُنصر الإلهىِّ – دونَ دليلٍ – وتسألُه أنتَ عَن دليلهِ على عَدَمِ وجودِ اللهِ يقول : "لأنَّ العمليَّةَ تتمُّ بالكامِل بصورَةٍ آليَّةٍ فلا تحتاجُ لعُنصُرٍ إلهىٍّ". هذهِ الصورَةُ أشبَهُ بمَن يقولُ لكَ : "فلانٌ أبو عِلان" فتسألُه : "ما دليلُك ؟" فيقول : "دليلى أنَّ عِلان هوَ ابنُ فلان"، فتسأله : "وما دليلُك على أنَّ عِلان هوَ ابنُ فلان ؟" فيُجيبُ : "أليسَ قدْ قلنا مُنذُ قليلٍ أنَّ فلان هو أبوه إذا يجبُ أن يكونَ علانٌ ابنَه" ! والحقيقةُ أنَّها مُصيبَةٌ كَبيرَةٌ أنْ تكونَ هذهِ الطريقة التى يُفكِّر بها عُلماءُ اليومِ، والطامَّة الكبرى أنْ تكونَ هذهِ المَنهجيَّة هىَ التى يتمُّ تدريبُ الأجيالِ الجديدةِ مِن العُلماءِ عليها، إنَّها تُمثِّلُ "هرطقة" فى مَنهجيَّةِ العِلم وأدبياتِه، و"كفرا" بكلِّ ما أسسه علماءُ المُسلمين الأوائل ونقلوهُ إلى مَن وراءَهُم مِن قواعِد البحثِ العِلمىِّ التجريبىِّ، و"رِدَّة" عَن كلِّ ما اختزنتْهُ الأجيالُ المُتلاحِقةُ مِن البشرِ مِن قواعِد أصوليَّة فى التعاطى مَع الحقائِقِ العِلميَّة. بَقيَت مُشكلتانِ هُما : التعارضُ بينَ "التطوُّرِ" و"الإسلام"، والفرقُ بينَ "الفِكرةِ" و"التفاصيل".
×