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About TonyJ

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  1. Top 5 Greatest Deeds Of Muhammad?

    Thank you Arsalan for your reply. Can you provide some specifics and some references? For example, for freeing slaves, who were these slaves? What were their names? When did it happen? In the Meccan or Medinan Phase? How did he do it? Did he buy them their freedom? Or did he free them after conquering a town? etc. I have heard of an incident from the hadiths of where he freed Muslim slaves by swapping them with other slaves that he owned. But I have not heard of specific incidents where he freed every slave because he believed slavery was wrong. Where in Quran and hadith is the equality of all races and colours emphasized? Thanks again.
  2. Salaam Aleykum, I have heard plenty of stories about bad things that Muhammad is said to have done from non-Muslims. Now I want to hear the other side of the story from Muslims. There must have been many good deeds he performed that makes him so loved by so many. Please give me your top 5 greatest deeds of Muhammad, i.e. stuff like acts of kindness that demonstrate his good character. I am most interested in things that he did rather than said. Also please provide references to hadith or Sirat. Thanks,
  3. I am looking for a reference for the following: After the Battle of Badr, Muhammad supposedly freed some of the captives on the condition that they teach 10 Muslims to read and write. I have read this a number of times but cannot find a hadith reference. I does not appear to be in Ibn Ishaq either. Can anyone provide a Hadith reference for this? Thanks
  4. With regards to the reliability of the oral tradition, Chase Robinson has this to say: Chase Robinson, Islamic Historiography, pg. 10 I am rather skeptical that early Muslim Quran memorizers have perfectly preserved the Surahs. The Quran is rather repetitive, which is most likely the result of trying to compile various different versions of Muhammad's ramblings from different sources into a single source and scribes accidentally putting the same ramblings from Muhammad into different Surahs. What about the inscriptions on the Dome of the Rock? Does it not have a slightly different text than the Textus Receptus? Those inscriptions were made under Caliph Abd Al-Malik, which suggests that the text of the Quran was still in flux in this period.
  5. Small world, I have been researching the question today and stumbled upon the same site. Which is an excellent resource. They are rather vague in what they say about dates, but this is probably because we cannot say with much certainty exactly how old these extant copies are. But the oldest ones are listed to date from "Between the end of the First to the beginning of the Second Century AH". Which means approximately 710-750 AD. Two of the most famous old ones are in Topkapi, Istanbul and Samarkand. Whilst none of these manuscripts are totally complete, Islamic-awareness.org gives the impression that there are quite a few manuscripts from this period, so there does seem to be a body of evidence to suggest that we can trace 99% of the Textus Receptus to the Late Umayyad Era (710-750 AD). But for anything earlier than that we have nothing. It is interesting that the earliest Qurans seem to date from just a little later than the earliest coins that mention Muhammad or anything to do with Islam. This is indicative of either the period where Arab civilization transformed from an oral to a literate society or the period where Arab rulers made a conscientious effort to formulate and propagate a foundation story to legitimize their rule, or a combination of both. But it is rather strange that there is absolutely nothing about Islam that survives from the Rashidun Era, no coins or qurans or inscriptions.
  6. It is pretty interesting that noone here is able to answer this question. So many Muslims claim that the Quran is the unaltered and perfectly preserved words of Muhammad, yet they themselves do not even know how far back we can trace the current Textus Receptus.
  7. Interesting perspective, I think that most of the references to "knowledge" in Islam refers to religious knowledge. Like people often claim that Surat Al-Alaq tells Muslims to "read" as if it is encouraging them to read about science. But obviously from the context it is telling them to read the Quran, not science books. In fact Sahih International translates it as "recite".
  8. Interesting, thanks for sharing. Muhammad also cautioned against seeking knowledge for the wrong motives: http://sunnah.com/urn/1252580 http://sunnah.com/riyadussaliheen/13/16 Is this one an attack on pursuing research and technology? I guess it depends on whether you interpret "worldly gain" to mean personal gain or gain for humans in general.
  9. I understand that the oldest Quranic manuscript is the Sana'a Manuscript in Yemen which dates to the reign of the Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid (705 AD). But this manuscript has been hidden from view by the Yemeni government and I believe it is only fragmentary, not a complete Quran. So what is the oldest complete copy of the Quran that we have today and that is available for the public to view?
  10. My Arabic is very basic. I have been learning the modern standard Arabic for about a year and have a basic vocabulary but pretty good understanding of the grammar. Which Surahs will be easiest for me to read in Arabic?
  11. Who Are Your Heroes?

    Aside from the prophets, what historical figures do you look up to and admire? You can include other Islamic characters such as Umar, Ali, etc. but not prophets. Also mention your religion (Sunni, Shia, Christian, etc.) i am interested to see the differences between Sunnis, Shias, and non-Muslims. If you want name one Muslim historical figure that you admire and one non-Muslim historical figure that you admire. Also if you like, elaborate on why you admire them.
  12. "zhu Qissa" In Arabic Script?

    OK, nevermind, I worked it out. It is ذو القسة
  13. So according to this wikipedia article on the Ridda Wars, Abu Bakr moved to a place in Arabia called "Zhu Qissa". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ridda_wars#Abu_Bakr.27s_Strategy I am trying to find out more about this and where it is, how would this be written in the Arabic script? is it زو كساء or زو قيسة ? I suppose it could be any number of different spellings, that is one of the things that makes Arabic so hard. Anybody know?
  14. How Do You Know That Allah Exists?

    Only one of them was older than Muhammad, that was Khadijah, and he married her before he ever received revelation. The other wives were all much, much younger than Muhammad (about half his age) many of them are described in the sources as attractive. Here are the ages based on what I could determine on Wikipedia: Sawda bint Zamʿa - Probably about 25 Hafsa bint Umar - 20 Zaynab bint Khuzayma - 27 Umm Salama Hind bint Abi Umayya - 25 Zaynab bint Jahsh - 34 Juwayriyya bint al-Harith - 20 Safiyya bint Huyayy - 18 Ramla bint Abi Sufyan - 30 or 35 Maymuna bint al-Harith - 36 Aisha – 9 Then there are 2 additional women that may have been wives or may have been simply slaves / concubines, depending on which sources you follow, they were Maria al-Qibtiyya and Rayhana. Both of them were described as very young and very beautiful.
  15. How Do You Know That Allah Exists?

    This is no great miracle, as the languages of the region (Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic) are all Semitic languages descended from a common root language. Yes languages evolve from common ancestors just like animal species. That is why they share vocabulary. There were also Chrsitians and Jews preaching in Arabia during Muhammad's time and in the preceding generations and they would have used the word Allah to refer to God, so it is not surprising that Muhammad would also use the word "Allah" to refer to his god.