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Everything posted by Yael

  1. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/richard-elliott-friedman/does-israel-have-no-roots-there-in-history_b_1941237.html?utm_hp_ref=religion
  2. B"H Anything from Jewish beliefs and practices to Jewish history, Jewish Law, Jewish culture, women's rights and roles in Judaism, marriage, israel,... Whatever you want to ask. 1. My opinion is my own. I don't speak for all Jews. 2. I am not an expert and do not know everything, so if I say I don't know, don't be mad at me! . 3. Please state your question clearly. 4. Ask, don't badger! 5. Of course, no rude questions allowed. Ridiculous questions will be ignored. 6. I will answer questions on a first come first serve basis when I have the time to do so. Can't wait! Shalom!
  3. Shalom Friends!

    My Name is Yael and I look forward to joining this forum, learning from you and hopefully contributing to your learning well!
  4. Shalom Ahmad_73! In order for one to be come a Jew, he or she must convert. Reform, Conservative and Orthdox movements have different requirements. I'll explain the Orthodox, Conservative and 'Conservadox' (conservative closer to Orthodox than Reform) requirements. Jewish tradition holds that God loves the convert more than the born Jew, however, the conversion process is not simply making a declaration of faith. Judaism is not just a religion, it is a covenant between God and the Jewish people. This is a serious matter so it is important that the convert understands what it means to be Jewish, is prepared to take on the responsibilities of the covenant and is willing to fulfill them. The convert must have a sincere desire to convert to Judaism. He or she will have to study Judaism (Jewish law, Hebrew, Jewish beliefs and practices) and submit assignments or attend classes, move to a Jewish community, keep kosher and observe shabbat, participate in weekly services and Jewish holidays, basically live as a Jew in training usually for a year or more. When the Rabbi who is overseeing the progress feels that the convert is ready, they will be brought before a Bet Din (rabbinical court) who will interview the candidate. The candidate must show that they sincerely and freely choose to enter the covenant between God and the poeople of israel. accept Judaism to the exclusion of all other religious faiths and practices. pledge your loyalty to Judaism and to the Jewish people under all circumstances. commit to the pursuit of Torah and Jewish knowledge. promise to raise their children as Jews. If the Bet Din believes that the candidate understands what it means to be Jewish and is sincere, they will proceed with the conversion. Convert take on a Hebrew name and must immerse in the mikveh (ritual bath) and men must be circumcised. If the male convert is already circumcised, he must undergo a symbolic circumcision where a drop of blood is exctracted. Converts also taken on a Jewish name. They will then be issued with a conversion certificate. The convert is a Jew for life and children born to a Jewish female convert are considered just as Jewish as any other Jew, however the Orthodox community does not recognise Reform or Conservative conversions.
  5. How "muslim" Are You?

    20. Do you believe it is an individual's duty to distribute some of their wealth to the needy and promote social welfare? Yes No Undecided Tzedakah is an obligation. At least 10% of ones income must go to charity. The word "tzedakah" is derived from the Hebrew root Tzadei-Dalet-Qof, meaning righteousness, justice or fairness. In Judaism, giving to the poor is not viewed as a generous, magnanimous act; it is simply an act of justice and righteousness, the performance of a duty, giving the poor their due.
  6. How "muslim" Are You?

    My Score was 100%! 1. Do you believe in environmental conservation? Yes No Undecided 2. If God exists, do you believe there can only be one God? Yes No Undecided 3. Do you believe there is only one true religion rather than elements of truth in many religions? Yes No Undecided There are elements of truth in some non-Jewish religions, especially those which uphold the Noahide Laws. 4. Do you believe in "Original Sin", i.e. a child carries the sins of another into this world? Yes No Undecided 5. Do you think the law of requital is fair, i.e. equivalence: what good you do will be given back to you (in the next life if there is one), what bad you do will be given back to you (in the next life if there is one)? Yes No Undecided 6. Do you think women should fully cover their body in terms of their dress? Yes No Undecided Judaism teaches tznius (modesty), however a woman needn't cover her whole body. The traditional view is that skirts should reach below the knee, sleeves must cover the elbow (some rulings state short sleeves are okay as long as they are tight at the end so no one can see your torso), and colar bones must be covered. Hair covering is only for married women. 7. Do you believe if God exists, only God can forgive sins? For example, no intermediaries can forgive sins, unlike confession in Catholicism. Yes No Undecided 8. Do you believe victims of crimes and/or their families should have a say in the penalty for such crimes? Yes No Undecided Yes, in case they wish to pardon them. 9. Do you believe in certain circumstances the death penalty could be warranted? Yes No Undecided If the person poses an imminent threat to civilians. 10. "Be the change you want to see in the world." Strongly Agree Fairly Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 11. Do you believe humans collectively have a natural instinct towards what is right and what is wrong? Yes No Undecided 12. Do you feel that many of those considered divine prophets/messengers (if they existed), e.g. Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad delivered the same basic message of oneness of God, oneness of mankind and doing good deeds? Yes No Undecided 13. Do you believe that there is a purpose for our existence? Yes No Undecided 14. Do you believe that mutual consultation should play a part in resolving the issues of the people? Yes No Undecided 15. Would you like a belief system which clearly states how it proves itself? Yes No Undecided 16. Do you agree with the following: Actions speak louder than Words? Yes No Undecided 17. "Faith not supported by reason and empirical evidence is wishful thinking." Strongly Agree Fairly Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly Disagree 18. Do you think the harm caused by alcohol/intoxicants is greater than their benefits? Yes No Undecided 19. Do you think freedom of speech and freedom of belief/religion is a fundamental right? Yes No Undecided 20. Do you believe it is an individual's duty to distribute some of their wealth to the needy and promote social welfare? Yes No Undecided Tzedakah is an obligation. At least 10% of ones income must go to charity. The word "tzedakah" is derived from the Hebrew root Tzadei-Dalet-Qof, meaning righteousness, justice or fairness. In Judaism, giving to the poor is not viewed as a generous, magnanimous act; it is simply an act of justice and righteousness, the performance of a duty, giving the poor their due.
  7. Shalom! Thanks for asking. I’m glad you have taken this opportunity to learn! - Judaism is a monotheistic religion as you know. Jews are required to live righteously and obey the 613 commands of the Torah, which includes loving God and loving your neighbor; this is the covenant between God and the Jewish people. During the first century B.C.E. a great rabbi named Hillel was asked to sum up Judaism while standing on one foot. He replied: "Certainly! What is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbor. That is the Torah. The rest is commentary, now go and study." (Talmud Shabbat 31A.) The ’13 principles of faith’ summarize the core beliefs, however liberal movements have a different approach to some of these principles: 1. Belief in the existence of the Creator, who is perfect in every manner of existence and is the Primary Cause of all that exists. 2. The belief in G-d's absolute and unparalleled unity. 3. The belief in G-d's non-corporeality, nor that He will be affected by any physical occurrences, such as movement, or rest, or dwelling. 4. The belief in G-d's eternity. 5. The imperative to worship G-d exclusively and no foreign false gods. 6. The belief that G-d communicates with man through prophecy. 7. The belief in the primacy of the prophecy of Moses our teacher. 8. The belief in the divine origin of the Torah. 9. The belief in the immutability of the Torah. 10. The belief in G-d's omniscience and providence. 11. The belief in divine reward and retribution. 12. The belief in the arrival of the Messiah and the messianic era. 13. The belief in the resurrection of the dead. - The Torah was given to Moses by God and preserved over the centuries. No, it hasn't changed, and if you're making that accusation the onus is on you to prove it, not me. - Well, it depends on the non-Jew. I do not dislike or hate non-Jews. We don't believe that God hates non-Jews or that we should. We are not instructed to hate non-Jews in the Torah, not even the Egyptians. All humans were created in "b'tzelem Elohim, the image of Gd. There are some revered and respected non-Jewish figures in the Bible such as Ruth (ancestor of King David), and Balaam the prophet. Hashem is the God of all people and we are all God's children. The difference between Jews and non-Jews are our obligations. Jews are required to observe the 613 mitzvot (commands) of the Torah whereas non-Jews are not. We are chosen because we accepted the Torah and our duty is to fulfill the obligations of the covenant, repairing the world and make HaShem known to the nations. We are the light to the nations – a light which leads to God. One tradition holds that HaShem chose the Jewish nation not because they were great and mighty, but because they were small and lowly (Deuteronomy 7:7), and success in our mission would be attributed to God and not our own might for this reason. - The way to ‘salvation’ or inheriting a place in the world to come is living a rightous life. You can be a Jew or a non-Jew. Judaism, unlike Islam and Christianity, does not teach that non-believers (or non-Jews) will go to hell for not being Jewish. Righteous non-Jews will inherit the world to come as well. Non-Jews are not required to fulfill the obligations of the Torah in order to inherit a place in the world to come as this is a covenant between HaShem and the Jewish people. They may convert if they wish to enter the covenant, however the Noahide laws are what is the minimum requirement for non-Jews: - HaShem promised the Jewish people return from exile to the ancestral land. One of the requirements of the Messiah is that he must gather the Jewish people from exile and return them to israel. There are some Haredim (a.k.a Ultra-Orthodox Jews) in israel and the diaspora who do not believe that israel should have been re-established by Zionists because they believe that the Messiah should undertake this. and another: Then there are the Zionists who believe that Jews have the right to inhabit israel as it the land promised to them, and that Jews should have their own state where they can live freely and be protected from persecution. Some also believe that this will hasten the coming fo the Messiah. Your point is? Moses did not use or know the terms ‘Islam’ or ‘Muslim’ or ‘Sharia’ either so I can easily use your own reasoning against you. The term ‘Judaism’ is English, and I doubt Moses knew English as it didn’t even exist back then.
  8. We don't believe in the Quran so I have no interest in what it says. And you should know that there is no way you can convert me. This topic is called ask a jew anything you like, not try to convert a jew.
  9. 1. We call God HaShem, which means 'the Name'. We do not pronounce God's name, YHWH. In the Torah and in our prayers we say Adonai, which means Lord where the Name appears. There are many other titles and names such as Avinu (our Father) and El Shaddai (Almighty). 2. Jesus was not the Messiah and he is not God. Jesus was a Jew! I don't know if he was a prophet, but he was a teacher of Jewish Law and tradition of his day. Rabbi Shmuley Boteach has talked and written a lot about Jesus being a Jew. 3. Your 'evidence' is taken out of context so it is of no value.
  10. NB: Machmad means desire or desirable thing. Is that what Muhammad means? Another response to the claim:
  11. Shalom! Sorry, but those verses don't point to your prophet. They've all been taken out of context. If there were such a thing is a last prophet, it would have been made very clear, as clear as the Moshiach (Messiah). Song of Songs 5:16 "His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem." Problem: The underlined word is the Hebrew Machmaddim. Moslems claim that this word is a reference to Muhammad for two reasons, The word Machmad (singular of Machmaddim) sounds a bit like the name Muhammad The word Machmad means The praised one (i.e. the one worthy of praise); this, they assert, must be Muhammad! Solution: The logic of the assertion that the word Machmad is Muhammad because the two words sound a bit similar is somewhat specious. The name John sounds a bit like the Arabic Jinn, but there is no connection between the two. Similarly a connection on the grounds that the word means "the praised one" falls short of a guaranteed logical link; has only one person in the world ever been praised? The context of the passage identifies the person described as Machmad as someone in the time of Solomon (Song 3:11) who is loved by a Shulamite (Song 6:13). He is red-haired (Song 5:10). None of these descriptions fits Muhammad who never visited Shunem in his life. A search of all the occurrences of the word Machmad in the Bible shows that the word has nothing to do with praise. It simply refers to whatever is desirable for whatever reason and is derived from the root chamad which means desire. If one is to accept that the word Machmad refers to Muhammad then one should look at all the occurrences of that word. When one does this one can see why only the occurrence in the Song of Solomon is cited by Moslems. The others tell one that Machmad was destroyed (2 Chron. 36:19), was to be laid waste (Isa. 64:10-11), has been taken captive by an enemy (Lam. 1:10), has been traded for food (Lam. 1:11), has been slain by God (Lam. 2:4; Hos. 9:16), has been removed by God (Ezek. 24:16), is to be profaned by God (Ezek. 24:21), is to be buried in nettles (Hos. 9:6) and been carried away by pagans into their temples (Joel 3:5). Even an unkind person would not attribute all these things to Muhammad.