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mfhaq77

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  1. The Quickest Way to the Quran: Lesson 1

    There are 77430 words in the Quran, but it is said that the Quran has around 2000 (TWO THOUSAND) unique (unrepeated) words.

     

    Encouraged by "80% Words of the Quran" and "Quranic Arabic Corpus", I am trying to

    categorize those words in a way easily comprehensible to non-Native

    learners of Arabic.

     

    I think this is the quickest way to understanding Quran, because you need not try to understand Quran word by word……What you need is to group the basic vocabulary with simple

    examples.

     

    Today's lesson deals with

    Personal pronouns.

     

    In Quranic Arabic, the third and second person each is divided into

    Masculine and Feminine. Each masculine and Feminine is divided into

    Singular, Dual and Plural. The First Person is divided only into two –

    Singular and plural So we have total 14 Forms of Personal Pronoun (3rd

    P=6, 2nd P=6, 1st P=2)

     

    Frequency of the words is given in brackets

     

    3rd Person Masculine

     

    3Mas. Singular

    هُوَ (481)

    He :

     

    Example:

    قلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ

    Say: “He is God, the One,”. (Sura Ikhlas 112:1)

    هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا

    It is He who created for you all of that which is on the earth. (Sura Baqarah 2:29)

     

    3Mas. Dual

    هُمَا

    They two

     

    The 3rd Person Dual forms are the same for Masculine and Feminine and occur 159 times in the Quran

     

    Example

    إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ……….

    …. when they two were in the cave…….(Sura Tawbah 9:40)

     

    3Mas Plural

    هُم

    They(M)

     

    The

    Third Person Masculine Plural as separate & joined occurs occur

    3897 times according to Quranic corpus, but Zekr Quran Project traces

    3896 occurrences.

     

    Example:

    وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

    And it is they who are the successful (Sura Baqarah 2:5)

    . وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا أَزْوَاجٌ مُطَهَّرَةٌ وَهُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

    ….. And they will have therein purified spouses, and they will abide therein eternally. (Sura Baqarah 2:25)

     

    3rd Person Feminine

    3P Fem. Singular

    هِيَ (64)

    She / it

     

    In most of the verses, هِيَ refers to objects, animals and matters that

    are considered feminine and translated as 'it / that' except in verse

    Sura Yusuf 12:26

    قَالَ هِيَ رَاوَدَتْنِي عَنْ نَفْسِي

    [Joseph] said, "It was she who sought to seduce me."

     

    3 Person Feminine Plural

    هن

    Hunna/hinna (207)

    They (F)

     

    Example

    هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَّكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَّهُنَّ

    They are your garments and ye are their garments. (Baqarah 2:187)

     

    فِيهِنَّ قَاصِرَاتُ الطَّرْفِ لَمْ يَطْمِثْهُنَّ إِنسٌ قَبْلَهُمْ وَلَا جَانٌّ ﴿الرحمن: ٥٦﴾

    In them will be (Maidens), chaste, restraining their glances, whom no man or Jinn before them has touched;-(Rahman 55:56)

     

    2 Person Masculine

    2P Masculine Singular

    انت

    Anta (81)

    You

     

    Example

    إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَلِيمُ الْحَكِيمُ

    .......Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise. (Baqarah 2:32)

     

    رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

    ......"Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing. (Baqarah 2:127)

     

     

     

     2 Person Masculine Dual

    AntumaA

    You two / You both

     

    This pronoun occurs once in Quran in Verse 28:35

     

    قَالَ

    سَنَشُدُّ عَضُدَكَ بِأَخِيكَ وَنَجْعَلُ لَكُمَا سُلْطَانًا فَلَا

    يَصِلُونَ إِلَيْكُمَا ۚ بِآيَاتِنَا أَنتُمَا وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَكُمَا

    الْغَالِبُونَ [٢٨:٣٥]

     

    He (Allah) said: "We will certainly

    strengthen thy arm through thy brother, and invest you both with

    authority, so they shall not be able to touch you: with Our Sign shall

    ye triumph,- you two as well as those who follow you." Sura: Al-Qasas

     

     

    2 Person Masculine Plural

    انتم

    Antum (135)

    You (all)

     

    وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ ﴿الكافرون: ٥﴾

    Nor will you worship that which I worship. Sura Kafirun 109:5

     

    وَأَنتُمْ حِينَئِذٍ تَنظُرُونَ ﴿الواقعة: ٨٤﴾

    And you at the moment are looking on,(Al-Waqia 56:84)

     

     

    2 Person Feminine Anti AntumaA Antunna do not occur separately in the Quran.

     

     

    1 Person Singular

    انا

    anaA (68)

    I

     

    وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ ﴿الكافرون: ٤﴾

    "And I shall not worship that which you are worshipping. Kafirun 109:4

    And you at the moment are looking on,(Al-Waqia 56:84)

     

     

    فَقَالَ أَنَا رَبُّكُمُ الْأَعْلَىٰ ﴿النازعات: ٢٤﴾

    He said, "I am your Lord, Most High". (Sura Naziat 79:24

     

     

    وَإِنَّمَا أَنَا نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ ﴿الملك: ٢٦﴾

    .....I am (sent) only to warn plainly in public.(Mulk 67:26)

     

     

    1 Person Plural

    نحن

    Nahnu (86)

    We

     

    إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْآنَ تَنزِيلًا ﴿الانسان: ٢٣﴾

     

    It is We Who have sent down the Qur'an to thee by stages. (76:23)

     

    بَلْ نَحْنُ مَحْرُومُونَ ﴿القلم: ٢٧﴾

     

    "Indeed we are shut out (of the fruits of our labour)!" (68:27)

     

    For more Quranic Lessons, Visit My Blog The Quickest Way to the Quran

     

    • Like 1

  2. I think it is better to import the Quranic morphology data txt file into Excel 2007 / 2010. The process is as follows:

    1. Open a blank Excel sheet, go to Data tab, click Fro Text >

    text%20to%20x.png

     

    2. File selection dialogue box opens > Select the file "quranic-corpus-morphology-0.4" and click open / import.

    3. The text import wizard opens up,

    importtext05.gif

    4> select  Delimited and click next.> step 2 comes

    importtext06.gif

    5. Select Tab, click next. step 3 comes

    importtext07.gif

    6. select General , then click Finish

    importtext09.gif

    7. Click OK You will see the data well furnished.

     

     

     

    • Like 1

  3. Alhamdu Lillah, the Quranic Arabic Corpus is a great resource for Learners and Researchers of the Quran all over the world. The author of this project Kais Dukes is distributing its Morphology Data free of cost. If you can learn how to analyse it, you will be able to extract many things of the Quran. The following discussion will guide you how to analyse the Quranic data.

     

    If you want to analyse Quranic Corpus, Download it from
    corpus.quran.com/download/, import the txt file into MS Access
    2007/2010, Use Query option to get desired result although analysis
    based on FEATURES column is a little bit tricky.

     

    Before analyzing Quranic Arabic Corpus morphological data 0.4, you have to learn some terms of Corpus Linguistics.

    In linguistics, a morpheme is the smallest semantically meaningful unit in
    a language. The field of study dedicated to morphemes is called
    morphology. Morphemes are of two types: Free and Bound Morphemes. A
    morpheme (or word element) that can stand alone as a word is called
    Free. It is sometimes called stem, because other non-free elements are
    added ti it.

    In morphology, a bound morpheme is a morpheme that only appears as part of a larger word. They are sometimes called affixes.

    Affixes are three types: Prefix, Infix, Suffix

    Affixes (prefix, suffix, infix and circumfix) are all bound morphemes.

    Bound morphemes occur only before other morphemes.Examples: un- (uncover, undo)

    Infix Bound morphemes which are inserted into other morphemes. eg not found in English. But Food > Feed

    Suffixes are Bound morphemes which occur following other morphemes.

    Examples:

    -er (singer, performer)

    -ist (typist, pianist)

    -ly (manly, friendly)

    Quranic Arabic Corpus morphological data 0.4 includes these and other linguistic terms concerned.

    Let me explain a few Rows

    LOCATION is
    the Surah:Ayah:word:morpheme reference of the Quran. FORM is the
    English Transliteration of the surface Arabic Word form, which is based
    on Buckwalter Transliteration. See the chart:

    http://corpus.quran.com/java/buckwalter.jsp

    TAG is the lexical or grammatical category of the morpheme concerned. FEATURES
    describe the detailed linguistic features of the morpheme.

    Description of FEATURES
    In morphology and lexicography, a lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata) is the
    canonical form, dictionary form, or citation form of a set of words
    (headword). In English, for example, run, runs, ran and running are
    forms of the same lexeme, with run as the lemma. Lexeme, in this
    context, refers to the set of all the forms that have the same meaning,
    and lemma refers to the particular form that is chosen by convention to
    represent the lexeme.

    Difference between stem and lemma
    In computational linguistics, a stem is the part of the word that never
    changes even when morphologically inflected, whilst a lemma is the base
    form of the verb. For example, from "produced", the lemma is "produce",
    but the stem is "produc-." This is because there are words such as
    production. In linguistic analysis, the stem is defined more generally
    as the analyzed base form from which all inflected forms can be formed.

    For illustrations of Other Abbreviated Terms, Go to page

    http://corpus.quran.com/documentation/tagset.jsp

    For Verb Forms, Refer to page:

    http://corpus.quran.com/documentation/verbforms.jsp

    The First Word of Quran Bismi

    The First Word of Quran Bismi consists of two morphemes: bi which is used
    as prefix, and somi (don't think that the "o" in somi is like English
    "O", it is a symbol of 'sukun' according to Buckwalter Transliteration)
    is a noun; it is a stem; POS=Parts of Speech, N=Noun; its Lemma is {som
    (whwre hamzah is deleted for widespread use) which is derived from the
    triliteral ROOT smw ie س م و . It is a |M|masculine noun used here in
    Genitive case ie اضافة

    LOCATION FORM TAG FEATURES

    (1:1:1:1) bi P PREFIX|bi+

    (1:1:1:2) somi N STEM|POS:N|LEM:{som|ROOT:smw|M|GEN

    The First Explicit Verb of the Quran

    The First Explicit Verb of the Quran is located in the 2nd word of the Fifth verse of First chapter Fatihah:

    (1:5:2:1) naEobudu V STEM|POS:V|IMPF|LEM:Eabada|ROOT:Ebd|1P

    This is an IMPERFECT Verb (Present-Future Tense)used in 1st Person Plural

    The Second Verb

    (1:5:4:1) nasotaEiynu V STEM|POS:V|IMPF|(X)|LEM:{sotaEiynu|ROOT:Ewn|1P

    This is also an IMPERFECT verb used in (X) Form and the ROOT is Ewn ie ع و ن


    How To Analyze:

    Download the txt file, copy and paste it to Excel 2007/2010 (Excel 2003 won't help)

    The rows and columns will be separated. Now the analysis depends on what you want out of the QAC.

    If you want to know how many prepositions are used i quran, you can do so
    by auto-filtering the TAG column: choose Data>Filter, from drop-down
    deselect 'Select all' and check P. You will get all prepositions used in
    the Quran. How many?

    Ok, in the last blank cell of Column C, write
    this formula =COUNTIF(C1:C128215, "P"), press ENTER, you will get 13006.
    Unfortunately, you will not get this stat from the site

    http://corpus.quran.com/morphologicalsearch.jsp
    You will get only 7679, here prepositions as stems are counted, not the
    prefixed and suffixed prepositions.There are 7679 stem prep, 5325
    prefix prep and 2 suffix prep in Quran, so the total is 7679+5325+2=
    13006.



    Sometimes Quranic Arabic Corpus morphological data 0.4 is
    very helpful for you to find specific Data. For example if you want to
    know The Past Passive Verbs used in the Quran, you can do that within
    seconds. Here is the list of Past Passive Verbs used in Quran. (Here
    FORM is the passive form, Go to ayat and check it)

    LOCATION FORM TAG

    (4:157:15:1) $ub~iha V

    (6:118:3:1) *ukira V

    (5:3:23:1) *ubiHa V

    (5:13:15:1) *uk~iru V

    (76:14:4:2) *ul~ilato V

    (2:283:16:1) {&otumina V

    (33:11:2:1) {botuliYa V

    (2:173:14:1) {DoTur~a V

    (14:26:6:1) {jotuv~ato V

    (7:75:8:1) {sotuDoEifu V

    (42:16:8:1) {sotujiyba V

    (5:44:17:1) {sotuHofiZu V

    (6:10:2:1) {sotuhozi}a V

    (2:166:4:1) {t~ubiEu V

    (11:110:5:2) {xotulifa V

    (54:9:9:2) {zodujira V

    (22:39:1:1) >u*ina V

    (2:24:12:1) >uEid~ato V

    (9:58:7:1) >uEoTu V

    (10:22:28:1) >uHiyTa V

    (2:187:1:1) >uHil~a V

    (4:128:18:2) >uHoDirati V

    (69:5:3:2) >uholiku V

    (4:25:36:1) >uHoSi V

    (77:12:3:1) >uj~ilato V

    (7:120:1:2) >uloqiYa V

    (4:60:21:1) >umiru V

    (18:56:17:1) >un*iru V

    (2:4:4:1) >unzila V

    (72:10:5:1) >uriyda V

    (4:91:13:1) >urokisu V

    (7:6:3:1) >urosila V

    (9:108:6:1) >us~isa V

    (2:25:25:2) >utu V

    (11:60:1:2) >utobiEu V

    (6:19:11:2) >uwHiYa V

    (7:43:33:1) >uwrivo V

    (8:70:18:1) >uxi*a V

    (2:246:40:1) >uxorijo V

    (2:93:15:2) >u$oribu V

    (6:70:34:1) >ubosilu V

    (3:185:14:2) >udoxila V

    (22:22:8:1) >uEiydu V

    (51:9:4:1) >ufika V

    (10:27:16:1) >ugo$iyato V

    (71:25:3:1) >ugoriqu V

    (2:173:9:1) >uhil~a V

    (11:1:3:1) >uHokimato V

    (2:196:6:1) >uHoSiro V

    (5:109:7:1) >ujibo V

    (16:106:9:1) >ukoriha V

    (25:40:6:1) >umoTirato V

    (77:11:3:1) >uq~itato V

    (11:116:23:1) >utorifu V

    (3:195:22:2) >uw*u V

    (32:17:5:1) >uxofiYa V

    (26:90:1:2) >uzolifati V

    (2:101:14:1) >uwtu V

    (27:8:5:1) buwrika V

    (22:60:9:1) bugiYa V

    (16:58:2:1) bu$~ira V

    (82:4:3:1) buEovirato V

    (2:258:36:2) buhita V

    (26:91:1:2) bur~izati V

    (56:5:1:2) bus~ati V

    (2:282:77:1) duEu V

    (2:61:37:2) Duribato V

    (33:14:2:1) duxilato V

    (69:14:4:2) duk~a V

    (16:126:6:1) Euwqibo V

    (2:178:16:1) EufiYa V

    (6:91:31:2) Eul~imo V

    (18:48:1:2) EuriDu V

    (11:28:14:2) Eum~iyato V

    (81:4:3:1) EuT~ilato V

    (5:107:2:1) Euvira V

    (16:71:10:1) fuD~ilu V

    (34:54:7:1) fuEila V

    (11:1:6:1) fuS~ilato V

    (21:96:3:1) futiHato V

    (16:110:9:1) futinu V

    (82:3:3:1) fuj~irato V

    (77:9:3:1) furijato V

    (34:23:11:1) fuz~iEa V

    (5:64:6:1) gul~ato V

    (7:119:1:2) gulibu V

    (11:44:7:2) giyDa V

    (27:17:1:2) Hu$ira V

    (34:54:1:2) Hiyla V

    (3:101:14:1) hudiYa V

    (69:14:1:2) Humilati V

    (84:2:3:2) Huq~ato V

    (3:50:11:1) Hur~ima V

    (4:86:2:1) Huy~iy V

    (22:40:18:2) hud~imato V

    (76:21:6:2) Hul~u V

    (20:87:7:1) Hum~ilo V

    (100:10:1:2) HuS~ila V

    (39:69:7:2) jiA[at]Y^'a V

    (16:124:2:1) juEila V

    (26:38:1:2) jumiEa V

    (3:184:4:1) ku*~iba V

    (12:110:8:1) ku*ibu V

    (17:35:4:1) kilo V

    (54:14:6:1) kufira V

    (13:31:12:1) kul~ima V

    (2:178:4:1) kutiba V

    (11:55:3:2) kiydu V

    (81:11:3:1) ku$iTato V

    (27:90:4:2) kub~ato V

    (58:5:6:1) kubitu V

    (26:94:1:2) kubokibu V

    (81:1:3:1) kuw~irato V

    (5:64:8:2) luEinu V

    (3:159:5:1) lin V

    (23:35:4:1) mi V

    (12:63:7:1) muniEa V

    (84:3:3:1) mud~ato V

    (18:18:20:3) muli}o V

    (34:7:10:1) muz~iqo V

    (7:43:29:2) nuwdu V

    (68:49:7:2) nubi*a V

    (18:99:7:2) nufixa V

    (4:161:4:1) nuhu V

    (12:110:11:2) nuj~iYa V

    (6:37:3:1) nuz~ila V

    (81:10:3:1) nu$irato V

    (21:65:2:1) nukisu V

    (74:8:2:1) nuqira V

    (88:19:4:1) nuSibato V

    (77:10:3:1) nusifato V

    (59:11:23:1) quwtilo V

    (2:11:2:1) qiyla V

    (54:12:9:1) qudira V

    (2:210:12:2) quDiYa V

    (7:204:2:1) quri}a V

    (13:31:8:1) quT~iEato V

    (3:144:13:1) qutila V

    (12:26:13:1) qud~a V

    (33:61:5:2) qut~ilu V

    (6:45:1:2) quTiEa V

    (4:91:10:1) rud~u V

    (88:18:4:1) rufiEato V

    (41:50:17:1) r~ujiEo V

    (2:25:14:1) ruziqu V

    (56:4:2:1) ruj~ati V

    (2:108:7:1) su}ila V

    (11:77:5:1) siY^'a V

    (40:37:15:2) Sud~a V

    (47:15:40:2) suqu V

    (7:47:2:1) Surifato V

    (39:71:1:2) siyqa V

    (13:33:30:2) Sud~u V

    (81:12:3:1) suE~irato V

    (11:108:3:1) suEidu V

    (81:6:3:1) suj~irato V

    (15:15:3:1) suk~irato V

    (7:149:2:1) suqiTa V

    (88:20:4:1) suTiHato V

    (13:31:4:1) suy~irato V

    (39:73:18:1) Tibo V

    (9:87:6:2) TubiEa V

    (8:2:10:1) tuliyato V

    (5:27:10:2) tuqub~ila V

    (77:8:3:1) Tumisato V

    (3:112:6:1) vuqifu V

    (83:36:2:1) vuw~iba V

    (3:96:4:1) wuDiEa V

    (13:35:4:1) wuEida V

    (3:25:8:2) wuf~iyato V

    (12:75:4:1) wujida V

    (19:15:4:1) wulida V

    (7:20:7:1) wu,riYa V

    (32:11:6:1) wuk~ila V

    (6:27:4:1) wuqifu V

    (26:21:4:1) xifo V

    (4:28:6:2) xuliqa V

    (9:118:4:1) xul~ifu V

    (16:88:7:1) zido V

    (4:148:10:1) Zulima V

    (2:212:1:1) zuy~ina V

    (3:185:11:1) zuHoziHa V

    (2:214:16:2) zulozilu V

    (81:7:3:1) zuw~ijato V

     Examples: (4:157:15:1)
    وَقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَٰكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ ۚ
    That
    they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the
    Messenger of Allah";- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so
    it was made to appear to them,

    (6:118:3:1)
    فَكُلُوا مِمَّا ذُكِرَ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِن كُنتُم بِآيَاتِهِ مُؤْمِنِينَ
    So eat of (meats) on which Allah's name hath been pronounced, if ye have faith in His signs.


    (5:3:23:1)
    وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ وَأَن تَسْتَقْسِمُوا بِالْأَزْلَامِ
    and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows.

    (81:7:3:1)
    وَإِذَا النُّفُوسُ زُوِّجَتْ [٨١:٧]
    When the souls are sorted out, (being joined, like with like);

     In Salat everyday We recite إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
    [١:٥] You alone we worship. You alone we ask for help. Do you know how
    many times the detached pronoun (iyya = alone) occur in Quran? This
    occurs 24 times in the Quran.
    1. With 1 Person singular 5 times
    2. With 1 Person plural 2 times
    3. With 3 Person Masculine singular 8 times
    4. With 3 Person Masculine plural 1 time
    5. With 2 Person Masculine singular 2 times
    6. With 2 Person Masculine Plural 6 times

    1 فَإِيَّايَ فَارْهَبُونِ [١٦:٥١] then fear Me (and Me alone)."
    2
    وَقَالَ شُرَكَاؤُهُم مَّا كُنتُمْ إِيَّانَا تَعْبُدُونَ [١٠:٢٨] and
    their "Partners" shall say: "It was not us alone that ye worshipped!
    3
    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُلُوا مِن طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ
    وَاشْكُرُوا لِلَّهِ إِن كُنتُمْ إِيَّاهُ تَعْبُدُونَ [٢:١٧٢] O ye who
    believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be
    grateful to Allah, if it is Him alone ye worship.
    4 نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكُمْ وَإِيَّاهُمْ We provide sustenance for you and for them;-
    5. إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ [١:٥] You alone we worship. You alone we ask for help.
    6.
    وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ خَشْيَةَ إِمْلَاقٍ ۖ نَّحْنُ
    نَرْزُقُهُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ Kill not your children for fear of want: We
    shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you.

    AL Hamdu lillah. This is rather easy with Quranic Arabic Corpus.

     Want to know how many times the word Rahman occurs in the Quran. It is
    easy. In Access 2007 import the corpus data, Select the "LEM:r~aHoma`n" ,
    copy it, again select and right click, from drop down go to Text
    Filter, Select Contain, paste the text, click OK. You will get 57
    occurrences.

    Analyzing Quranic Arabic Corpus morphological data based on word ROOT is
    easy.
    For example if you want to filter all the Words based on the
    ROOT:wqy (whose derivatives are muttaqeen, taqwa, waq etc) just copy the
    ROOT:wqy in MS Access 2007, right-click the mouse and select Text
    Filter > Contains > paste > OK. You will get all the 258
    occurences of words with this root.

    • Like 1

  4. Another Virtue of Al-Fatiha

     

    Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Jabir said, "I went to the Messenger of
    Allah after he had poured water (for purification) and said, `Peace be
    unto you, O Messenger of Allah!' He did not answer me. So I said again,
    `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!' Again, he did not answer me,
    so I said again, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!' Still he did
    not answer me. The Messenger of Allah went while I was following him,
    until he arrived at his residence. I went to the Masjid and sat there
    sad and depressed. The Messenger of Allah came out after he performed
    his purification and said, (Peace and Allah's mercy be unto you, peace
    and Allah's mercy be unto you, peace and Allah's mercy be unto you.) He
    then said, (O `Abdullah bin Jabir! Should I inform you of the best Surah
    in the Qur'an) I said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah!' He said, (Read,
    `All praise be to Allah, the Lord of the existence,' until you finish
    it.)'' This Hadith has a good chain of narrators.

     

    Another Virtue of Al-Fatiha

     

    Muslim recorded in his Sahih, and An-Nasa'i in his Sunan that Ibn `Abbas
    said, "While Jibril (Gabriel) was with the Messenger of Allah , he
    heard a noise from above. Jibril lifted his sight to the sky and said,
    `This is a door in heaven being open, and it has never been opened
    before now.' An angel descended from that door and came to the Prophet
    and said, `Receive the glad tidings of two lights that you have been
    given, which no other Prophet before you was given: the Opening of the
    Book and the last (three) Ayat of Surat Al-Baqarah. You will not read a
    letter of them, but will gain its benefit.''' This is the wording
    collected by An-Nasa'i (Al-Kubra 5:12) and Muslim recorded similar
    wording (1:554).


  5.  

    How many unique words are there in the Quran?

     I put forward this question to Kais Dukes, author of Quranic Arabic Corpus. My emailed question looked like this:

    Dear Brother,>> السلام عليكم>> I have gone through your website and found it very essential for> learners, researchers and for curious Muslims.>> I have a question to you?> How many words are there in the Holy Quran without repetion? In other> words, how many unique words are there in the Quran?>> I hope you have the answer, If your answer is from a seconday source,> please refer to the relevant sources.>> مع أطيب التمنيات>> Md. Fazlul Haque
      In response to my question, he wrote:
    Salamu Alaykum Fazlul Haque,To the best of my knowledge, our project is the first accurateannotated morphological work for the Quran by computer, so I would besurprised at an accurate unique word count from another secondarysource. Although of course, I could be wrong. The number of uniqueArabic words in the Quran is not an easy question to answer. In Arabicthe concept of a "word" can have multiple technical linguisticinterpretations. Based on the existing annotation we have performed atthe Quranic Arabic Corpus (http://corpus.quran.com), I can provide thefollowing statistics:

    Total number of space-seperated words = 77,430Number of *unique* surface forms (i.e. space-separated word-forms,including clitics) = 18994Number of unique words by *stem* = 12183Number of unique words by *root* = 1685 (not necessarily a greatmetric for unique word counting, e.g. pronouns have no Semitic root)Number of unique words by *lemma* = 3382 (excluding verbs, and otherwords where lemma is not annotated).This is a primary source (we annotated this ourselves). These figuresare quite accurate, but are subject to minor revision as furtherchecking occurs. The terms used above have technical linguisticmeanings. Thus, the number of unique "words" is not only a problem ofcounting. Wwe have computers, so counting annotated data is in theoryvery simple, I produced the above statistics after 10 minutes of workjust now. The issue is what metric to use ... unique white-spaceseparated word-forms, stems, roots, lemmas, or something else? UnlikeEnglish, Arabic is a highly inflected and morphologically richlanguage, with multiple segments often fused into a single word-form.As an estimate, I would say that there are at most 7,000 unique"words" in the Quran in the sense of what you would need to have alexicon with wide-ranging coverage for the Quran. Something alsointeresting to note, is the Zipfian distribution. A handful of words(e.g. the top 100 words) will cover a very large percentage of theactual Quran, i.e. most verses. (the 80/20 rule).You might be interested in these web pages:http://corpus.quran.com/lemmas.jsp - List of unique lemmas in theQuran organized by frequencyhttp://corpus.quran.com/verbs.jsp - List of unique verbs in the Quranorganized by frequencySorry for giving you such a vague linguist's response, but in Arabicthe concept of a unique word is itself vague, and Arabic linguists (orat least computational Arabic linguists) tend to prefer to work withbetter defined terms such as the white-space separated tokens, surfaceform, lemma, stem and root, but even then those terms also haveproblems :-)I would suggest that the above two web pages with lists of mostfrequently occurring lemmas and verb roots, are probably more what youare looking for.If you have any further questions, please ask, I would be happy to help.-- Kais DukesLanguage Research GroupSchool of ComputingUniversity of Leeds

  6. There are 77430 words in the Quran, but it is said that the Quran
    has around 2000 (TWO THOUSAND) unique (unrepeated) words. I am trying to
    categorize those words in a way easily comprehensible to non-Native
    learners of Arabic. I think this is the quickest way to understanding
    Quran, because you need not try to understand Quran word by word……What
    you need is to group the basic vocabulary with simple examples.


  7. Hello Brothers and Sisters

    السلام عليكم و رحمة الله

    I am a young Muslim working in a public college teaching English as a Second Language. I am very much interested in Islamic topics especially the Holy Quran. But unfortunately I did not find any separate section on The Quran in this Forum. I hope you will introduce such a section very soon.

     

    Wishing you all the best

     

    الله حافظ

    Fazlul Haque

    Bangladesh

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