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  1. Prophet Muhammed (pbuh)

    asalaamu'alaikum Prophet Muhammed (peace & blessings of Allah be upon him) A Blessing to Mankind Birth Muhammad (PBUH) (Blessings and Peace be upon him) was born in Makkah, Arabia, on Monday, 12 Rabi' Al-Awwal (2 August C.E). His mother, Aminah was the daughter of Wahb bin Abd Al-Manaf of the Zahrah family. His father, Abdullah, was the son of Abd Al-Muttalib. His genealogy has been traced to the noble house of Isma'il, the son of Ibrahim (Abraham) (PBUH) (May Peace be upon him) in about the fortieth descent. Muhammad's father had died before his birth and his mother died when he was about six years old making him an orphan. In accordance with the tradition of noble families of Makkah, he was taken by a foster mother, Halimah, to her village where he lived for a few years. During these years he was taken to Makkah several times to visit his mother. After the death of his mother, he was placed under the custody of his grandfather, Abd Al-Muttalib. When the grandfather died, he was under the care of his uncle, Abu Talib. By this time he used to look after sheep around Makkah and used to accompany his uncle on trade journeys to Syria. Youth In his youth he believed firmly in the Oneness of Allah (God)(SWT). He lived a very simple life and hated vanity and pride. He was compassionate to the poor, widows and orphans and shared their sufferings by helping them. He avoided all vices, which were commonly practiced among young people such as gambling, drinking wine, vulgarity and others. He was well-known as As-Sadiq (the truthful) and Al-Amin (the trustworthy). He was always trusted as a mediator between two conflicting parties in his homeland, Makkah. Marriage When he was about 25 years old, his uncle urged him to work with the caravan which belonged to a wealthy widow named Khadijah. He accepted and undertook the journey to Syria. He conducted business with such prudence and sense of duty that he returned with larger profit than usual. Khadijah was so impressed by the honest and attractive personality of Muhammad (PBUH) that she offered to marry him which Muhammad (PBUH) accepted. This marriage was a happy one. They had children. Khadijah was so far his only wife until she died at the age of 51. Prophethood Muhammad (PBUH) was born amidst a polytheistic (unbeliever) society. He was saddened and sick of the corrupt society around him. He often went to Hira cave in the mountain near Makkah, later known as Jabal An-nur (the mountain of Light) where he meditated and pondered over the prevailing darkness brought about by ignorance. There he often remained deep in thought in communion with the unseen yet All-Pervading God of the Universe. One night, while he was meditating in the Hira cave, the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon him) came to him. The Angel aroused him and his mighty voice reverberated in his ears. He was perplexed and did not know what to do. He was asked to read. He replied: "I cannot read!" The Angel repeated three times asking Muhammad (PBUH) to read, but he replied the same answer. Finally the Angel asked: [Read in the name of your Lord , who created man from a clot. Read in the name of your God, the Most Bountiful, who taught by means of the pen, and taught man what he did not know.] (Qur'an 96: 1-5) This was the first revelation received by Muhammad (PBUH). He was 40 years old at that time. The revelation continued to come to him from time to time in a period of 23 years. These series of revelation were arranged according to the divine guidance given to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and later collected in the form of a Mushaf (book) the Qur'an (Reading). Most of its verses have clear meaning. Some verses are interpreted in conjunction with other verses and some others were interpreted by the Prophet (PBUH) himself through his words, actions and agreements which are known as his Sunnah (Traditions). The Qur'an and the Sunnah together constitute the guidance and way of life for those who submit their life to Allah (God) (SWT). People who follow this guidance and way of life are guaranteed by Allah (SWT) to be saved in this world and the Hereafter. Challenges When the Prophet (PBUH) called the people to the way of Allah, not many people listened to his call. Most of them were members of his family and from the low class society. Among them were Khadijah, Ali, Zayd and Bilal. When he intensified his mission (da'wah: Call to Islam) by publicly announcing the religion he preached, he won more followers but at the same time had to face many challenges from the nobles and leaders who found their position being threatened and jeopardized. They stood together, under the pretext of defending the religion of their ancestors, to fight the new religion. The morale of the few people who embraced Islam was heightened when a small group of the respected people of Makkah joined the religion. Notable among them were `Uthman bin `Affan, Zubair bin Al-`Awwam, `Abd Ar-Rehman bin `Awf, Talhah bin `Ubaydullah, Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas, Arqam bin Abi Arqam, `Ubaydullah bin Harith, Sa'id bin Zayd, `Amr bin Nufail, Fatimah (the wife of Nufail), Asma binti Abu Bakr, `Abdullah bin Mas'ud, Ja'far bin Abi Thalib (May Allah be pleased with them) and many others. Before this group, Abu Bakr was the first among the earlier followers that impressed the Prophet (PBUH) very much. The Prophet (PBUH) said about him: "I never invited anyone to the faith who did not display any hesitation in embracing it except Abu Bakr. When I had offered Islam, he showed no hesitation at all in accepting it." As the result of these challenges from the Makkan unbelievers, some Muslims were subjected to torture, persecutions, isolations and boycotts. The Prophet (PBUH) had to be patient and had to look for the protection of Muslims. He asked Negus, King of Ethiopia to allow Muslims to migrate to his country. Negus welcomed the Muslims emigrants in his territory and refused to hand them over to the Makkan unbeliever rulers. Migration (Hijrah) By the end of the Makkan period, the Prophet (PBUH) lost two people who were dear to him. They were his most affectionate uncle, Abu Talib, and his faithful and loving wife, Khadijah. After their deaths, the Makkans felt free to do what they wanted to impose to the Prophet and his followers. In many Makkah was the Ka'bah (the Holy Masjid), which was built by Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) centuries before as a holy place to worship Allah (SWT), the One. But in the course of time, the place had been converted by unbelievers to the worship of objects other than Allah (SWT). People added to it many tradition of their own. They used to visit this place for a few months in a year for pilgrimage. They came from all parts of Arabia, representing various famous tribes. The pilgrimage, inspite of its religious bearing, constituted for the Arabs a yearly festival where people met and indulge in their cultural activities. The Prophet (PBUH) took this opportunity to spread Islam. Among those who were interested in his call, were a group of people from Yathrib (Madina) in the North of Arabia. They met secretly with the Prophet (PBUH) and a few Muslims from Makkah in a village called `Aqabah. After becoming Muslims, they took an oath of allegiance to protect Islam, the Prophet and the Makkan Muslims. The following year, the group of Muslims from Yathrib came again to Makkah. They met the Prophet (PBUH) at the same place where they previously met. This time, `Abbas bin Abd Al-Muttalib, the Prophet's uncle who was himself not a Muslim yet, was present at the meeting. They invited the Prophet (PBUH) and the Muslims from Makkah to emigrate to Yathrib. They promised to treat them as true brothers and sisters. A long dialogue was held between the Muslims of Yathrib with the Prophet's uncle to make sure that they really wanted to welcome the Makkan Muslims in their town. The Prophet (PBUH) agreed at the end to emigrate to the new land. Upon knowing that, the Muslims had planned to leave Makkah, the Makkan unbelievers tried to stop the immigration but the first group had already migrated to Yathrib. The Makkans had fearthat the movement to Yathrib would give the Muslims a new base to spread Islam. Within two months nearly all Muslims fMakkah, except the Prophet, Abu Bakr, Ali and a few helpless people had migrated. The Makkans then decided to kill the Prophet (PBUH). They made a plan for this purpose, but Allah (SWT) had made another plan over them, to quote the Qur'an. With various tactics and a good planning, the Prophet finally arrived peacefully in Yathrib, which was later known as Madinat Ar-Rasul (The city of the Prophet). New Era In Madinah the Prophet (PBUH) was able to work freely in spreading Islam. The followers of Islam increased day after day. But the threat by the Makkans did not stop. A few physical confrontations with the Makkans were ensued. Sometimes the battles were won by the Muslims, and sometimes by the Makkans. The Prophet (PBUH) also engaged in battles with the Byzantine and Persian powers that were jeopardizing the existence of Islam from the north and the east. But confrontation with the Makkans stopped for a while after the treaty of Hudaibiyah had been signed between the Muslims and the unbeliever Makkans. During the Madinah period, the Muslims also established treaties with the Jews of Madinah and the tribes around the city. The Jews broke the treaty, which led to their expulsion out of the Arabian peninsula. In Madinah, the Prophet (PBUH) succeeded in establishing Islam as a way of life in its true meaning. He was not only giving guidance on purely religious matters such as salat (prayers), zakat (almsgiving), Saum (fasting) and Hajj (pilgrimage) and examples in these matters, and also provided Muslims with rules and laws covering social, economic, political fields. Emissaries Entertained in Madinah It was in Madinah that the Prophet (PBUH) received envoys and emissaries from various tribes and nationals, asking matters of various sorts, demanding dialogues, negotiations etc. Among the emissaries were an envoy representing the Christian community in Najran (South Arabia). The Prophet (PBUH) welcomed them, entertained them as honoured guests and even allowed them to conduct their religious service in his city. It was a good occasion to share each other's views on matters of religion. Some members of the envoy were deeply impressed by the treatment they received from the Muslims, thus leading them to embrace Islam. Liberation of Makkah The treaty of Hudaibiyah gave the Muslims a big opportunity to exemplify the true Islam in personal conduct and in relations with peoples and communities. But the peace did not stay long due to the attitude of the Makkan tribal chiefs who broke the treaty. Soon the Prophet (PBUH) marched very quietly to Makkah in the 8th year of the Hijrah (emigration) to Madinah. The Makkans gave no resistance and by the whole city surrendered to the Prophet (PBUH). He announced a general amnesty for all his enemies and treated all citizens of the city with generosity. A verse of the Qur'an was revealed on the occasion: [ When the help of Allah and victory comes, and you see the people enter the religion of Allah in crowds. So glorify the Name of your Lord and beg His forgiveness. He, verily accept repentance.] (Qur'an 110: 1-3) After the liberation of Makkah all the remaining hostile tribes in Arabia began to realize the reality of Islamic faith. People had seen the noble teachings of Islam. Good examples of forgiveness, tolerance, justice, fairness, steadfastness and other qualities as exemplified by the Prophet (PBUH) and his companions had left an impression in the hearts of hundreds of thousands of people who became Muslims. Farewell Pilgrimage In time the whole Arabia had become the land of Islam. The Prophet (PBUH) intended to perform the Hajj (pilgrimage). He announced his intention to the Muslims in Madinah and the surrounding areas and asked them to join him. This was in fact the only Hajj performed by him during his life time. On this occasion he taught those who were present with him and to the whole world about the Hajj and the divine message that Allah had entrusted him to all mankind. At the last gathering with the Ummah (nation) during the Hajj season, the Hajj of Wada' (Farewell) a sermon was delivered by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) at the valley of Arafat about 81 or 82 days before his death. It contained the very fundamentals of Islam. Seated on his camel, he spoke with a clear tone and asked who heard his speech to convey it to those who were not present there. Among others he said: "O people, lend me and attentive ear, for I know not whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today. O people, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury, therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hopes that he will be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things. O people, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in mildness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to commit adultery. O people, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah (SWT), say your five daily prayers, fast during the month of Ramadhan, and give your wealth in zakat. Perform hajj if you can afford to. You know that every Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. You are all equal. Nobody has superiority over the other except by piety and good deeds. Remember, one day your will appear before Allah (SWT) and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not go astray from the path of righteousness after my death. O people, no Prophet or Messenger will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O people, and understand my words, which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the Sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness O' Allah, (SWT) that I have conveyed Your message to Your slaves." The importance of this sermon can be seen from the Prophet's perception that this occasion may be the last one during his lifetime. He felt that this was the right time to summarize the principles of Islam to his fellow brothers and sisters. By the perfection of this religion, it means that there's no need for humanity, and for the Muslims in particular, to look for another alternative way of life. As long as one holds fast to the two things left behind by the Prophet (the Qur'an and the Sunnah), one will never go astray. Death About two months after returning from Makkah for Pilgrimage, the Prophet (PBUH) became ill but he was still able to perform his prayers in the Masjid and give directives to the companions. His health was deteriorating day by day. At the last moment he asked Abu Bakr to lead the prayers in the Masjid, Every member of his family and every companion was worried about his health. It was on Monday, 12th Rabi'Al-Awwal, the year 11A.H., when he passed away at the age of sixty three years. Many people did not believe that he had passed away. They thought that the Messenger of Allah would live forever. It was Abu Bakr, who had the feeling, since the Farewell Pilgrimage that the death of the Prophet (PBUH) was coming near, He convinced the congregation that the Prophet (PBUH) had actually passed away. Abu Bakr said to the congregation that if they worshipped Mu, Muhammad had died , and if they worshipped Allah (SWT), He lives forever. Then hrecited from the Qur'an: "Muhammad (PBUH) is nought but a Messenger like the Messengers who had surely passed away before him: will you, then, if he dies or be slain, turn round on your heels?" A Guidance to follow Muhammad as a man had already died, but as a Prophet (PBUH) he left behind him a legacy in the form of the Qur'an and the Sunnah. He stressed the urgent need to hold firmly to these two sources during his farewell speech in the valley of Arafat. If people hold fast to them, they will never go astray. The teachings he left for us if put into practice in their true spirit and proper way will bring a happy life in this world and besides the indubitable rewards that will be received by those who believed in them in the life after death. In this sense, Islam is a worldly religion which cares first for the worldly affairs of humanity. The Hereafter is merely a continuation of the worldly life. It is difficult to portend that man can be saved in the Hereafter without being saved in this world. The safe way is to follow the way shown to us by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). When his wife, `Aishah, was asked by a companion about the Prophet's (PBUH) daily conduct, `Aishah replied that the conduct of the Prophet (PBUH) was the Qur'an which is the guidance from Allah and Muhammad (PBUH) was given authority by Allah to interpret it. That is why his conduct was the exemplary of human conduct. Islam as brought by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is very much misunderstood, as a religion perceived to contain souls and rituals like prayers, fasting, almsgiving and pilgrimage. Thanks to the new developments in the world, Islam is now looked upon in a wider perspective than the narrow-minded view in the past. The increased interest in Islamic studies by Muslims and non-Muslims supported by the advanced printing technology has begun to open the eyes of the world about the true teachings and intrinsic values of Islam. Economy (Expertise and Outlook) In the field of economic development, the goal is not material gain, but human welfare in general. Islam exhorts that the balance between the material and physical aspects, between the individual and societal needs, be maintained in order to narrow the gap between two opposite sides of human world. It is stated in the Qur'an: "Say, who is there to forbid the beauty which Allah has brought forth for His creatures, and the good things from among the means of sustenance. Say, they are for those who believe [in Allah (SWT)] in this worldly life, to be theirs alone in the Hereafter on the Day of Resurrection ... Say, the only things my Lord forbids are the shameful deeds, be they open or secret, the sin, unjustified envy, the ascribing of divinity to aught beside Allah (SWT), and the attributing unto Allah (SWT) of aught of which you have no knowledge" So everyone is free to conduct any business he likes outside the harmful and shameful circle he has been warned to refrain from. If he does not listen to this warning, he will be in trouble. Every good quality set as a precondition to a successful business is encouraged by Islam. The Prophet (PBUH) himself was a businessman before he was appointed as a Prophet. His ability to run business prudently, by his fairness and truthful conduct in dealing with people had won him the heart of his employer, Khadijah who later offered him marriage. He advocated Muslims to follow the spirit of Prophet Daud's (PBUH) (David) industriousness who earned his living from his own labour. He also said that faith of a Muslim is not complete if he is not good in his profession. He said: "If you leave matter to those who are not professional, you are waiting for a disaster". If he works in the production line, his products must be compatible with product of other companies or factories. In order to be marketable, it must suit the taste of buyers and their standards of living. In this regard, Islam teaches not to cheat in offering the product to the market. It must be shown as it is without any publicity it does not deserve. In the lifetime of the Prophet (PBUH), he found many cases in market places where the merchants tried to cheat the customers. The Prophet (PBUH) said to them: "Whoever cheats is not one of us (Muslim Book of Iman 164 and Ahmed V.3 PP 498)". Islam laid many regulations the field of economy such as trade, leasing, business transaction, contract and others to prevent unfair dealing within the community and in the world of business at large. What is also prevented by Islam is a monopoly and exploitation by one man or one group at the expense of the others. Cleanliness The first thing in the religion brought by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the concern for cleanliness. The concept of cleanliness in Islam covers physical and spiritual, mundane and religious domains. Before performing any rituals prescribed by Islam, one should cleanse his body, and his dress, his place of worship and his environment should also be clean. Prior to carrying out his prayers or starting for pilgrimage, one has to make his Wudu (ablution). If he or she is in a state of impurity after having had a lawful intimate intercourse or post-natal period or other reasons, he or she has to take a complete bath by pouring clean water over the whole body. In the case of daily prayer, every Muslim has to clean his/her private parts, face, hands, feet, mouth, nose, and ears at least five times every day for the five daily prayers. This also reminds him/her to keep his/her soul clean from unlawful deeds. Cleanliness is not in the physical sense only. The body should be purified as well from evil doings that might harm his relationship with others and with Allah (SWT). He has to clean his mind from bad intentions or committing unlawful acts. He has to clean his heart from jealously, hypocrisy and other evil desires. He has to embody hope, truthfulness, forgiveness, compassion, holiness, the sense of brotherliness, neighborliness and other noble qualities. He has to pay special attention to his diet against all unhealthy food medically and religiously. He has to keep his eyes, ears, tongue from evil. These are among the noble characteristics as exemplified by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). To clean the wealth, Islam instituted the zakat system (way of purifying wealth). A person whose wealth has reached a certain point is obligated to pay zakat (alms) which is a duty enjoined by God and undertaken Muslims in the interest of society as a whole. For those capable persons whose wealth does not reach the minimum chargeable rate, he can also give voluntary contribution to the needy. This does not mean that the needy should always be receiving help from the affluent ones. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: "The upper hand (giver) is better than the lower one (receiver)". Muslim Kitab Zakat No. 124 If the receiver of zakat can grasp the spirit of the Prophet's (PBUH) saying, he will try his best to be the giver instead of the receiver by endeavoring to better his life as encouraged by the teachings of Islam. In Islam the possession of more wealth does not raise a man's dignity, nor does poverty degrade him. It is true that wealth is necessary for man to live on this earth but it is only a means, not the end. The end is happiness in life by attaining the higher values and not losing sight of in the pursuit of wealth. Among the great virtues of Islam is the command to do good and the prohibition to do evil. The good should be preserved and the evil should be discarded. In short, Islam is actually composed of a series of commands and prohibitions. Allah the most Knowing, the Most Merciful, did not decree any law and regulations but for the good and benefit of his creatures. The prohibition was decree because of its evil implications to humanity. The evils were created to test the human conscience and challenge their freewill in choosing between right and wrong. All the commands and prohibitions from Allah as transmitted through His Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was intended to purify the human soul in order to live a pure and clean life adored by Allah (SWT) and human beings. Orderliness One of the teachings of Islam is about orderlin. Discipline, regulation, management, planning and all other terms relating to organization are mostly considered as alien to Islam. On the contrary, Islam exhorts people to live in orderliness and to put the right thing in the right place. The foundation of Islamic order rests on two main principles, the crucial faith in one Allah (God) and the oneness of humanity. All the frame works were laid down in the Qur'an and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) applied himself to working out the essential details of that order. One of the great values taught by Islam in this regard is to make use of the time left to humanity. The Qur'an and the Sunnah (Prophetic traditions) mentioned about time, day, week, month, year and century. People are lost if they did not spend the time available to them during this life for good things. It is a great loss if people have to waste the valuable time they have at their disposal for useless activities. It is true that life should be enjoyable but not at the expense of human resources and values which are essential for the continuation of their well-being. Allah the Most Knowing had created time and space suitable for human activities for they can attain achievements in life. There are times for work, study, recreation, resting and even celebration. All are parts of activities in worshipping Allah (SWT) and serving His cause. The Qur'an says that Allah (SWT) had created the day for earning and night for resting and enjoyment. He created the sun, the moon and all outer-space objects so that man on the earth can fix the time and arrange the calendar. By having standard time and standard calendar and the movements of astronomical objects, people are able to regulate their timetable in choosing the right moment for them in doing business and carrying out their activities. Islam prescribes certain times for the daily prayers, certain month for the obligatory fasting and certain time in one's life time for performing the Hajj or pilgrimage which indicates that the religion brought by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) places the life of Muslims in systematic order. For every move and occasion made by Muslims there is a rule governing it, be it in the form of advice, spiritual guidance or practical directive. If all these directives are followed and understood properly, people will have high discipline and a well-managed life. Islam encourages people to think correctly before taking any decision. This means planning. There are many verses in the Qur'an admonishing against doing things unthinkingly and jumping to conclusions. The Prophet (PBUH) also showed a good example in fulfilling promise and staying true to treaty, agreement or contract made between parties. As a man of honour he always remained true to the principles agreed in the treaty, depicting his high discipline and inclination of doing everything in proper order. Friendliness Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was a warmhearted and faithful friend. He loved his companions. He extended greeting to those he knew and to those he did not know. He treated all people around him with kindness and affection. He was very courteous to all those who met him. He never contradicted anybody who is not opposed to the teachings of Islam. He treated equally the humble and the lofty. He claimed no distinction and lived amongst his companions as if he was not their leader. Neighborliness He regarded the neighbors as brother and sisters because of their closeness and living in the same vicinity. He once smelt the aroma of the soup cooked by his wife. He told her to give some of it to the neighbours who also smelt it. He said it was not right a Muslim to sleep with a full stomach after having had a good meal but let his neighbour starve. He laid down the foundation for a friendly relation and co-operation among neighbours exemplifying that living as a neighbour, one has one's right and responsibility. In regard to the rights of a neighbour, the Prophet (PBUH) said: "Gibreel (PBUH) used to advise me to take good care of the neighbour until I thought he would make him my heit." (Bukhari Kitab Al Adab No. 28 and Muslim Kitab Al Bir No. 146) Goodwill He was a good exemplar to those who subscribe to a harmonious society. Islam exhorts people not to violate the rights of others and injure their interest, but should positively cooperate with each other and establish a mutual relationship and social cohesion. To safeguard the unity and solidarity of the nation and to achieve the welfare and well-being of the community, Muslims have been enjoined to avoid mutual hostility, social dissension, backbiting one another, and hurting others with their hand or tongue. Islam as brought by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) exhorts Muslims to visit the sick, to help to the needy and assist the weak. Islam makes no discrimination on the basis of race, colour or language. Its appeal is to the entire humanity. Respect for Women The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) brought changes for the betterment of womens conditions. Woman is recognized by Islam as a full and equal partner of man in the procreation of humankind. He is the father, she is the mother, and both are essential for life. Her role is no less vital than his. By this partnership she has an equal share in every aspect; she is entitled to equal rights; she undertakes equal responsibilities, and in her there are many qualities and so much humanity as there are in her partner. She is equal to man in bearing personal and common responsibilities and in receiving rewards for her deeds. She is equal to man in the pursuit of education and knowledge. Islam enjoined the seeking of knowledge upon Muslim, it makes no distinction between man and woman, who is entitled to freedom of expression as much as man is. Her sound opinions are taken into consideration and cannot be disregarded just because she is a female. Islam grants woman equal rights to contract, to enterprise, to earn and possess independently. Her life, her property, her honor are as sacred as those of man. Islam has also given woman a share of inheritance. Before Islam, she was not only deprived of that share, but was herself considered as property to be inherited by man. Statesmanship When Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) arrived at Madinah, he initiated the formation of an Islamic state. After establishing politics, brotherhood and the authority of the state of Madinah, he began negotiations with various tribes around the city and made treaties with them. When the Makkan unbelievers launched a series of attacks on Madinah, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was able to confront them, and when the Makkans were finally defeated in the battle of Al-Khandaq (Trenches), he was able to make truce with them at Hudaibiyah for ten years. This treaty was a masterpiece of practical statesmanship on the part of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). His diplomacy in sending and receiving envoys to and from the various chiefs of tribes and foreign rulers, his fairness in conducting judiciary, and his general pardon at the liberation of Makkah, was another proof of his lofty statesmanship. The State he established in Madinah was not a matter of chance. It was the very nature of his mission that he would establish a state to enforce the way of Allah. People might accept a new faith but it would take time to change their habits, custom and ways of life. And even if a small group of people succeeded in changing their ways of life there would be many others who would not let these people practice their belief and try to stop them by force. So the Islamic State became an urgent necessity to protect the Islamic way of life. The State founded by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was built physical force, as every state must necessarily be, to fulfill its function of stopping aggression and oppression. A democratic system in Islam is expressed through the term shura (council). The Qur'an translation reads: [ And those who respond to their Lord and keep up prayer and their affairs [of government] by counseling among themselves and who spend out of what We have given them.] (Qur'an 42: 38) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2. Hadith

    asalaamu'alalikum Brothers & Sisters share here with us your favourite hadiths. --------------------------- Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 31, Number 127: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)"
  3. Fifty Things to Do in Hajj Muhammad ash-Shareef Many of those going for Hajj may find themselves sitting in a tent thinking to themselves, ‘now what do I do’. Some pick themselves up and go around doing things pleasing to Allah – others may not capture the moment due to inexperience. Here is a jot list of beneficial things to do during your Hajj trip. If you are not going for Hajj, why not forward it to someone who might benefit from it on his or her journey. At least they can practice number 26. May Allah ta'ala make it a safe journey for all the Hujjaj. Ameen. Smile in another Muslims face Say Salam to strangers Shake someone’s hand and ask about their health Buy tea for someone Offer to get someone’s groceries Sit with a Hajj group from another country and ask about Islam in their village Carry someone’s bags for them Guide someone ill to the infirmary Shun vain talk Recite talbiyah loudly, encouraging others On the days of Eid, walk through the tents reciting talbiyah loudly reminding others Gather stones for people Offer to throw on behalf of unable Hajjis Guide people to the Jamarat Lower your gaze Remind people of the lives of the Sahaabah Read Qur’an with the Tafseer Do the authentic Dhikr of the morning and evening Make dua during your Sajdah Stand to the side of a gate and offer people water/tea as they leave Give major attention to shy people in your group Remind people of patience, why they came here, and the example of our Ulumaa’ in Hajj Explain a Hajj Khutbah you may have heard to those around you Explain the importance of purifying ones actions for the sake of Allah Phone relatives (from Makkah) on Eid day Make dua for forgotten friends (and the author of this list) Don’t allow Muslims to fight during Hajj Help people find a place to sleep Remember – during the heat – the unending torment of hellfire Say ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allah, wahdahu laa sharika lah, lahul Mulk wa lahul hamd, wa Huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in Qadeer’ 100x Say the dua of entering the market place when you go there Give charity to those who sell meager things (sandals/eggs) Attend the Halaqahs that are given in Mina Stay for the 13th of Dhul Hijjah Remind people to go home as better Muslims Forgive people that wrong you Talk to 10 different people from 10 different countries Compliment someone sincerely Visit the hospital and thank Allah for all that he has given you Take young Muslims and invite them to sit with the elders. Make them the center of attention. Give a tafseer class after Salah / ask someone knowledgeable (For men) On the days of Eid, offer perfume to those around you Ask about the health of senior women in your group. Make sure they are attended to. Focus hard on helping those immediately near you Take people to the slaughter house and help them / Or assist them in purchasing their slaughter coupons Remember specific blessings Allah has bestowed upon you and say Alhamdulillah Pray to Allah using his 99 most beautiful names (al Asmaa’ al Husna) Use a Miswak Fill your pockets with candies and give to the children that you meet Always intend reward from Allah for everything you go through during Hajj (www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.as-sahwah(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/viewarticle.php?articleID=758&"]source[/url]
  4. Fasting in Ramadan: Lessons & Moralities [using large font size is not allowed] Allah, Most High, says, “Blessed be He in whose hand is the Sovereignty, and He is able to do all things. He created death and life that He may try which of you is best in deed. He is the Exalted in Might, oft Forgiving.†(Al-Mulk: 1-2) Also, He says, “It is He who made the night and day to follow each other for such as have the will to celebrate His praises or to show their gratitude.†(Al-Furqan: 62) Life and death and the succession of nights and day have a purpose and that is to test us and to give us an opportunity to express our thanks and gratitude to our Creator and Sustainer. The month of Ramadan comes and goes. We must examine ourselves now and see what we have learned and achieved during this month. The test of success of this month lies in the effects it has left upon us as follows: 1. Discipline: We learn in this month how to discipline ourselves for the sake of Allah. In our morning and evening, we follow a strict schedule of eating and drinking. We are constantly aware that even in our such mundane activities as eating and drinking, we must remain under divine injunctions. We change our habits in our daily routines because we learn that we are not the servants and slaves to our habits, but always the servants of Allah. Then after Ramadan, we have to keep this spirit of discipline in other modes of our life and must continue with our submission to the commands of Allah. 2. Renewal of Devotional Life: Ramadan renews our enthusiasm for worship and devotion to Allah. In this month we are more careful of our daily prayers and have special prayers at night. There is no religion without prayer and Muslims learn in this month how to strengthen and deepen their religious life. 3. Renewal of Contact with the Qur’an: Ramadan and the Qur’an are linked together from the beginning. It was in this month that this divine message was revealed to Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. We are told that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was fasting when he received the first revelation. Fasting prepares the believers' hearts to learn the Word of Allah. It is the most suitable condition for our spiritual and mental communication with the Qur’an. The Muslim Ummah pays more attention to the Qur’an in this month. This renewed contact with the Qur’an must help us in following its message. 4. Renewal of Identity with the Ummah: Ramadan is not an individual experience only, but it is an experience in community. The whole Muslim Ummah fasts together in one and the same month. We identify with one another in our obedience to Allah. This gives us a new sense of togetherness and association. Ramadan teaches us that the Muslim Ummah is the community of piety and devotion to Allah and its members derive their strength from each other in deeds of piety and virtue. The bonds that are based on piety and virtue are the strongest bonds and it is these bonds that prove good for mankind. The strength of the Muslim community lies in its commitment to the values of goodness, morality and piety. Ramadan leaves an imprint of all these values upon the Muslim Ummah. 5. A Fresh Sense of Care and Sympathy: Fasting in the month of Ramadan helps us to understand the suffering and the pains of the poor and needy. By our voluntary hunger and thirst we realize what it means to be deprived of basic necessities of life. Ramadan is called the month of charity and sympathy. We learn how to be more kind and generous in this month. Many Muslims also pay their Zakah in the month of Ramadan. 6. Jihad or Struggle: Fasting in Ramadan and Jihad both of them were prescribed in the same year, that is, the second year of Hijrah in Madinah. Fasting prepares for hardships and sacrifice. These are two important things without which Jihad is not possible. Muslims learn in Ramadan how to struggle against the forces of evil in their own selves, in the society around them, and in the world at large. 7. Taqwa: To summarize all the moral and spiritual gifts of Ramadan, we can say that Ramadan gives us the great gift of Taqwa. Taqwa is the sum total of Islamic life. It is the highest of all virtues in the Islamic scheme of things. It means, God-consciousness, piety, fear and awe of Allah and it signifies submission to Allah and total commitment to all that is good and rejection of all that is evil and bad.
  5. Supplication in Islam (Du'a)

    :D Supplication in Islam (Du'a):Part one 7/7/2004 2:15:00 PM GMT (islamonline) In addition to formal prayers, Muslims "call upon" God throughout the day. In the Qur'an, Allah says: "When My servants ask about Me, I am indeed close to them. I listen to the prayer of every supplicant, when he calls on Me. Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me, so that they may walk in the right way" Qur'an (2:186). This is an extract from “Supplication�, written by Abdulaziz Addarweesh In the name of Allah, The most Beneficent, The most Merciful. The subject of Supplication is very important. Every Muslim must know how to supplicate the way that Allah has directed us. I found it very important to write about this subject to guide our brothers in Islam to perform this kind of worship the correct way. I also ask Allah (SWT) to guide me to do good deeds and May Peace and Blessings be upon the Prophet, his Family, Companions and all of his followers to the Day of Judgment. Proofs of supplication from Qur’an All mighty Allah (SWT) said : “And when My slaves ask you (O Mohammed) concerning Me then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by my knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led to the right path.� (Qur'an 2:186). Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) was asked by some of his companions; "Is Allah near so we invoke him or is he far so we call him? so Allah revealed this verse. Allah is near He can hear the supplicant anytime anywhere and respond to him if the supplicant invokes Allah (SWT) with a sincere heart and avoid interdictions of supplication. Allah also said: “Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret, He likes not the aggressors." (Qur'an 7:55) Supplication is of two kinds. One is worship and the other is a request. So He commands to be invoked with humility which is insisting in request and continuously in worship and “secretly" not loud to avoid "Ryea" (showing off). Allah (SWT) also said: “And your Lord said: -Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness ] they will surely enter hell in humiliation!� (Qur'an 40:60). Allah (SWT) said: “Invoke Me, I will respond to you�, so from His mercy for His slaves He has promised to respond to their invocations but for those who do not invoke Him, He has promised punishment because invocation of Allah (SWT) is an act of worship and refusing to invoke Him ( disbelieving in Him or having doubt in His ability to answer the invocation) is refusal to worship Him. Proofs of supplication from Sunnah Narrated An-Numan bin Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Verily, Supplication is worship�. [Reported by AI-Arbaa (The four) and AI-Tirmidhi, graded it Sahih (sound)]. Narrated Anas (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (PBUH) said: “Supplication is the Pith (essence) of worship�. [Reported by At-Tirmidhi with a full chain of narrators]. Narrated Abu Hurayrah (Ra): The Prophet (SAW) said: “Nothing is more honorable (most liked ) before Allah (SWT) than Supplication “. [Reported by At-Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim graded it Sahih]. From all the, Hadiths above we see that Supplication is a type of worship and it is honorable to Allah or liked by Allah (SWT). Manners of Supplication * Supplication should start with, "In the name of Allah, Praise is to Allah, and Peace and Blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and should end with (Peace and Blessing be upon the Messenger of Allah)". * Supplication should be performed secretly and with a present (sincere) heart. Allah (SWT) said: "Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret, He likes not the aggressors". (Qur'an 7:55) * Supplicate Allah (SWT) with humility and express your need of Allah (SWT). He said: "Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before us" Qur'an (21:90) * Insist to Allah (SWT) in your supplication by repeating it many times. * Invoke Allah (SWT) by His Names and Attributes. He said: "And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them" Qur'an (7:180). * Supplicate Allah (SWT) by mentioning the righteous deeds you have done. Narrated Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), that he heard Allah's Messenger (PBUH), saying "Three men, amongst those who became before you set out until night came and they reached a cave, so they entered it. A rock slithered down from a mountain and blocked the entrance of the cave. They said: “Nothing will save you from this except that you supplicate to Allah (SWT) by mentioning the righteous deeds you have done etc." [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim]. * Admit your sins during your supplication. Allah (SWT) said: "Dhan-Nun (Jonah), when he went off in anger, and imagined that We shall not punish him. But he cried through the darkness (saying)" "La ilaha illa Anta (none has the ,right to be worshiped but You) Glorified be You, Truly, I have been of the wrongdoers" (Qur'an 21:87). * Repeat each sentence of your supplication three times. From the long Hadith Narrated by Ibn Masaud (may Allah be pleased with him), And when the Prophet (PBUH) finished his Salat, he raised his voice and Supplicated on them and when he supplicated, he supplicated three times...." [Reported by Muslim]. * Face the Kiblah (Mecca) during your supplication. Narrated Abdullah bin Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him); Allah's Messenger (PBUH) went out to his praying place to offer the Salat of Istisqa (rain). He invoked Allah (PBUH) for rain and then faced Al-Kiblah and turned his upper garment inside out. [Reported by Bukhari]. * Raise your hands while supplicating Allah (SWT). As in the Hadith of Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him); when the Prophet (PBUH) had finished from the battle of Hunain, he said: "the Prophet (PBUH) asked for water, performed ablution and then raised his hands saying 'O Allah forgive Ubaid Abi Amir.� [Reported by Bukahri and Muslim]. * Be in the state of Purity during your supplication. * When making supplication for others, start with yourself first then include others. Allah (SWT) said about Noah (PBUH) "My Lord, forgive me and my parents and him who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women.." (Qur'an 71:28). * Do not be aggressive when you are supplicating Allah (SWT) such as asking Him to make you a prophet and you know there will not be a prophet after Mohammed (PBUH) or make you live for ever and you know every one will die. * Remember to include your parents in your supplication. * Be patient. Do not expect an immediate response from Allah (SWT) although this could happen. But if it does not, then you should be patient and continue supplicating Allah (SWT) until you see the results. Narrated Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him); Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said: "The invocation of anyone of you is responded to by Allah (SWT) if he does not show impatience by saying; 'I invoked Allah (SWT) but my request has not been granted� . [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim].
  6. The Companions in Hadith* By Fethullah Gulen** The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) praised the Companions and warned Muslims against attacking or insulting them. For example, Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and other traditionalists relate from Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri that Allah’ s Messenger warned Do not curse my Companions! Do not curse my Companions! I swear by Him in Whose Hand my life is, that even if one among you had as much gold as Mount Uhud and spent it in the way of Allah, this would not be equal in reward to a handful spent by them or even to its half. This is certainly so, because they accepted Islam and preached and protected it when circumstances were most severe. Besides, according to the rule “the cause is like the doer,†the reward gained by all Muslims until the Last Day has been, and will be, added to the record of the Companions, without, of course, diminishing anything from the reward of the doers themselves. Had it not been for the efforts of the Companions to spread Islam, to convey it to the peoples of the world, no one could possibly have known of Islam or, therefore, of being Muslim. So, all the Muslims coming after the Companions should feel indebted to the Companions and rather than thinking of criticizing them, should pray for them as the Qur’an teaches us to. (As for those who came after them, they say, Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in belief, and put not into our hearts any rancor towards those who believe. Our Lord, surely You are the All-Gentle, the All-Compassionate) (Al-Hashr 59:10). At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Hibban quoted ‘Abdullah ibn Mughaffal that Allah’s Messenger warned Fear Allah; fear Allah and (Refrain from using bad language) about my Companions! (he said it twice) Do not make them the target of your attacks after me! Whoever loves them, loves them on account of his love of me; whoever hates them, hates them on account of his hatred of me. He who maligns them, has maligned me, and he who maligns me, has maligned Allah, and it is embedment that Allah punishes those who malign him. As recorded in authentic books of tradition, including Al-Bukhari and Muslim, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) declared The best of people are those living in my time. Then come those who follow them, and then come those who follow them. The time of the Companions and the two succeeding generations, was the time of truthfulness. People of great righteousness and scholars of utmost exactitude appeared among those first three generations of Islam. Among the later generations were many who told lies and perjured themselves in order to reinforce false beliefs or for worldly aims.
  7. The Prophet & His Grandchildren

    :sl: The Prophet & His Grandchildren [using large font size is not allowed] Sheikh Hâtim al-`Awnî, professor at Umm al-Qurâ University Buraydah b. al-Husayb was present at one of the Prophet's sermons. He relates to us the following account that illustrates to us the depth of fatherly feeling that the Prophet (peace be upon him) possessed. He says: The Prophet (peace be upon him) had begun to address us when his little grandchildren al-Hasan and al-Husayn approached him. They were both wearing red shirts. They were tripping over themselves and getting up again. The Prophet (peace be upon him) came down from the pulpit, picked them up, and then carried them up onto the pulpit with him. He then said: "Allah spoke the truth when He said: 'Your wealth and your children are but a trial.' When I saw these two, I couldn't resist." Then he commenced to deliver the sermon. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was very attached to his grandchildren. If we consider this hadîth carefully, we realize the depth of his fatherly feelings and just how compassionate a man he was. We know very well that delivering a sermon is a demanding activity. A person who is engaged in demanding work has little time for extraneous sentimental thoughts, especially when those thoughts are about normal, everyday things like being a parent. Usually, only something quite out of the ordinary can distract a person who is preoccupied and hard at work. Think about a preacher on the pulpit today. He is standing in front of a crowd of people delivering his sermon. Everyone's eyes and ears are on him, and he is speaking in utmost earnest about a weighty topic. He is employing every ounce of his oratory skill to move his listeners. His mind and his heart are equally involved in conveying his message, so his meaning comes across through the timbre of his voice, the expressions of his countenance, and through every gesture that he makes. Does a person who is so preoccupied have any opportunity for an affectionate glance at the kids or for thoughts of humoring small children? Certainly not. His immediate concern is with delivering his sermon. When we consider that the preacher in question is none other than Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him), we realize how significant his action was. His burdens were far greater than those of any other speaker in history, since his concern was to guide all of humanity, and the message he was entrusted to deliver was Allah's final message to Creation until the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, the Prophet (peace be upon him) conveyed that weighty message in the most complete and perfect manner. We must consider the devotion of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him), the depth of his faith, and the incomparable awe in which he held his Lord. We must also consider his asceticism and his disinterest in the trappings of the world and his longing for nearness to his Lord. We must also consider his status. He was the founder and leader of the nascent Muslim state, the state that he was establishing to endure throughout time. During his life, the Muslim community was like a ship surrounded in all directions by a sea of belligerent enemies. No nation had ever before been established in such precarious circumstances, and none with such great aspirations, and no single person had ever before had so much responsibility on his shoulders. He was in charge of everything from its foreign policies, its treaties and covenants, and its day-to-day administration, down to the welfare of its poorest citizens. Concerns like these are more than enough to preoccupy any mortal heart. Here is Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) standing on his very own pulpit – the most distinguished pulpit in all of history – and in these circumstances, in the middle of giving a sermon, he cannot resist going down to collect his grandchildren when he sees them coming towards him with their faltering little steps. The few moments that it took for him to get down from the pulpit, collect his grandchildren, and ascend it again – we can only imaging how those present must have perceived it. It must have seemed to them like time had stopped, like the Sun had halted in its path across the sky. The fatherly feelings of Allah's Messenger were great indeed. He interrupted his sermon which the people were all there to hear. If any of them ever missed one of his sermons, they were heartbroken. So here he was interrupting his sermon right in front of all the esteemed Companions – and why? Simply to hug his grandchildren. We can scarcely describe this event in words. It is difficult for us to imagine or relate to our own experience. This is the mercy of a father, when that father has a capacity for mercy that extends to all humanity. Allah says: "And we but sent you as a mercy to all Creation." [sûrah al-Anbiyâ': 107] This expression of fatherly affection was made in front of everyone. It became a lesson in compassion, tenderness, and love for all to see. Te Prophet (peace be upon him) was showing us that mercy and love must be with us at all times. These feelings should never vacate our hearts, not even for an hour, no matter how serious our affairs, and no matter how busy we might be. We have discussed matters of the heart. Now we should now turn our attention to the verse the Prophet (peace be upon him) quoted: "Your wealth and your children are but a trial." [sûrah al-Taghâbun: 15] What does he mean here by mentioning this verse that says our wealth and our children are a "trial"? Should we understand that the Prophet's behavior on this occasion was an example of him succumbing to a trial that Allah has warned us against? This certainly cannot be the case. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is far above succumbing to that which incurs Allah's displeasure. Anyway, what negative consequence came about because of the Prophet's behavior? None at all. Did he fail to deliver the message properly? Did he corrupt the people or compromise their welfare? Did the country suffer? Did the Prophet (peace be upon him) even break off his sermon without resuming it? Nothing of that sort took place. We are compelled to see that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was presenting us with a good example for us to follow. His behavior was a sign of his impeccable prophetic character and his humanity. He was truly the best of people and the most beloved of people to Allah. Therefore, the Prophet's conduct on this occasion was Islamic conduct, and it can be used as evidence for questions of Islamic law. It shows us that people in important positions and those who hold high office are not permitted to let their hearts harden. They are not allowed to let their human feelings die. They should not lose sight of their humanity for even a moment. Our humanity is our salvation when we are faced with serous and stressful situations. Otherwise, our difficulties will make us hard-hearted and cruel. The reason why the Prophet (peace be upon him) recited that verse on this occasion is to show that there are different kinds of trials that come to us through our children, and we should understand that not all of the feelings we have are being prohibited by the verse. There is a difference between the feelings of a father that try him and make him show kindness to his children – feelings that should certainly not be suppressed – and the partiality that makes a father fail to distinguish right from wrong when it comes to his children. Another way to understand his quoting this verse is to see it as an admission that his heart, like any human heart, is changeable, and he needs Allah to preserve and guide his heart just as much as the rest of us. He would often make the following supplication: "O, He who turns the hearts, turn my heart to Your religion." We should not be surprised that the pious heart of the Prophet (peace be upon him) would feel dread at the possibility of it changing for the worst due to the trials and tribulations of life. The Prophet (peace be upon him) put his trust wholly in Allah, never in himself. Only Allah possesses strength and might. Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) recited this verse on this occasion to communicate his need for his Lord to preserve him. He recited it simply to remind himself that his love for his grandchildren must be kept within proper bounds, and not lead him to distraction from his duty to his Lord.
  8. asalaamu'alaikum The Fourth Caliph, Ali (656-661 A.C.) "You [Ali] are my brother in this world and the next." (Hadith) Ali's Election After Uthman's martyrdom, the office of the caliphate remained unfilled for two or three days. Many people insisted that Ali should take up the office, but he was embarrassed by the fact that the people who pressed him hardest were the rebels, and he therefore declined at first. When the notable Companions of the Prophet (peace be on him) urged him, however, he finally agreed. Ali's Life Ali bin Abi Talib was the first cousin of the Prophet (peace be on him). More than that, he had grown up in the Prophet's own household, later married his youngest daughter, Fatima, and remained in closest association with him for nearly thirty years. Ali was ten years old when the Divine Message came to Muhammad (peace be on him). One night he saw the Prophet and his wife Khadijah bowing and prostrating. He asked the Prophet about the meaning of their actions. The Prophet told him that they were praying to God Most High and that Ali too should accept Islam. Ali said that he would first like to ask his father about it. He spent a sleepless night, and in the morning he went to the Prophet and said, "When God created me He did not consult my father, so why should I consult my father in order to serve God?" and he accepted the truth of Muhammad's message. When the Divine command came, "And warn thy nearest relatives" [26:214], Muhammad (peace be on him) invited his relatives for a meal. After it was finished, he addressed them and asked, "Who will join me in the cause of God?" There was utter silence for a while, and then Ali stood up. "I am the youngest of all present here," he said, "My eyes trouble me because they are sore and my legs are thin and weak, but I shall join you and help you in whatever way I can." The assembly broke up in derisive laughter. But during the difficult wars in Mecca, Ali stood by these words and faced all the hardships to which the Muslims were subjected. He slept in the bed of the Prophet when the Quraish planned to murder Muhammad. It was he to whom the Prophet entrusted, when he left Mecca, the valuables which had been given to him for safekeeping, to be returned to their owners. Apart from the expedition of Tabuk, Ali fought in all the early battles of Islam with great distinction, particularly in the expedition of Khaybar. It is said that in the Battle of Uhud he received more than sixteen wounds. The Prophet (peace be on him) loved Ali dearly and called him by many fond names. Once the Prophet found him sleeping in the dust. He brushed off Ali's clothes and said fondly, "Wake up, Abu Turab (Father of Dust)." The Prophet also gave him the title of 'Asadullah' ('Lion of God'). Ali's humility, austerity, piety, deep knowledge of the Qur'an and his sagacity gave him great distinction among the Prophet's Companions. Abu Bakr, 'Umar and Uthman consulted him frequently during their caliphates. Many times 'Umar had made him his vice-regent at Medina when he was away. Ali was also a great scholar of Arabic literature and pioneered in the field of grammar and rhetoric. His speeches, sermons and letters served for generations afterward as models of literary expression. Many of his wise and epigrammatic sayings have been preserved. Ali thus had a rich and versatile personality. In spite of these attainments he remained a modest and humble man. Once during his caliphate when he was going about the marketplace, a man stood up in respect and followed him. "Do not do it," said Ali. "Such manners are a temptation for a ruler and a disgrace for the ruled." Ali and his household lived extremely simple and austere lives. Sometimes they even went hungry themselves because of Ali's great generosity, and none who asked for help was ever turned away from his door. His plain, austere style of living did not change even when he was ruler over a vast domain. Ali's Caliphate As mentioned previously, Ali accepted the caliphate very reluctantly. Uthman's murder and the events surrounding it were a symptom, and also became a cause, of civil strife on a large scale. Ali felt that the tragic situation was mainly due to inept governors. He therefore dismissed all the governors who had been appointed by Uthman and appointed new ones. All the governors excepting Muawiya, the governor of Syria, submitted to his orders. Muawiya declined to obey until Uthman's blood was avenged. The Prophet's widow Aisha also took the position that Ali should first bring the murderers to trial. Due to the chaotic conditions during the last days of Uthman it was very difficult to establish the identity of the murderers, and Ali refused to punish anyone whose guilt was not lawfully proved. Thus a battle between the army of Ali and the supporters of Aisha took place. Aisha later realized her error of judgment and never forgave herself for it. The situation in Hijaz (thc part of Arabia in which Mecca and Medina are located) became so troubled that Ali moved his capital to Iraq. Muawiya now openly rebelled against Ali and a fierce battle was fought between their armies. This battle was inconclusive, and Ali had to accept the de facto government of Muawiya in Syria. However, even though the era of Ali's caliphate was marred by civil strife, he nevertheless introduced a number of reforms, particularly in the levying and collecting of revenues. It was the fortieth year of Hijra. A fanatical group called Kharijites, consisting of people who had broken away from Ali due to his compromise with Muawiya, claimed that neither Ali, the Caliph, nor Muawiya, the ruler of Syria, nor Amr bin al-Aas, the ruler of Egypt, were worthy of rule. In fact, they went so far as to say that the true caliphate came to an end with 'Umar and that Muslims should live without any ruler over them except God. They vowed to kill all three rulers, and assassins were dispatched in three directions. The assassins who were deputed to kill Muawiya and Amr did not succeed and were captured and executed, but Ibn-e-Muljim, the assassin who was commissioned to kill Ali, accomplished his task. One morning when Ali was absorbed in prayer in a Masjid, Ibn-e-Muljim stabbed him with a poisoned sword. On the 20th of Ramadan, 40 A.H., died the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs of Islam. May God Most High be pleased with them and grant to them His eternal reward.
  9. Anyone Knows Anything About This Sentences?

    :sl: Some of it sounds like blessings and salams sent upon the Prophet peace be upon him but part of of the words in the sentences you have quoted, do not appear in a familiar (at least to those that I am aware of) but on the subject, to bear in mind that supplication for blessings upon the Prophet [saw] that are not proven by the authentic traditions should be avoided. and Allaah knows best
  10. Verses Where We Make Sujood In Quran?

    :sl: Briefly, because these are verses of prostration, in each of these verses in the translation, you will read that Allaah ask us to bow / prostrate. "When the Muslim comes to a verse in which there is a sajdah, it is prescribed for him to prostrate, whether that is in prayer or outside of prayer. Muslim narrated in his Saheeh (81) that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “When the son of Adam recites a verse of prostration and prostrates, the Shaytaan withdraws, weeping and saying: Woe unto him – according to the report of Abu Kurayb: Woe unto me – the son of Adam was commanded to prostrate and he prostrated, so Paradise will be his; I was commanded to prostrate and I refused, so Hell is mine.†(Islam-qa) Hope the above helps. and Allaah knows best.
  11. Praying In Other Languages

    :sl: I am assuming you are referring to du'a (innvocation) If so, Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah was asked about a man who made du’aa’ in ungrammatical language, and a man said to him that Allaah would not accept a du’aa’ spoken in ungrammatical language. He replied: Whoever voiced this opinion is a sinner who has gone against the Qur’aan and Sunnah and the view of the salaf. For whoever calls upon Allaah, devoting his worship sincerely and purely to Him, calling upon him with a du’aa’ that is permissible, Allaah will listen to him and respond to his du’aa’, whether it is in proper Arabic or in ungrammatical language. The opinion mentioned has no basis, rather the one who makes du’aa’, if he is not used to speaking in grammatical Arabic, he should not force himself to do so. One of the salaf said, if a person forces himself to speak grammatical Arabic, he will not be focused in his heart. Similarly it is makrooh to force oneself to make the words of the du’aa’ rhyme; if that happens spontaneously, then it is fine, for the du’aa’ should come from the heart, and the tongue should simply follow the heart. Whoever focuses in his du’aa’ on making the words grammatically correct will have less focus in his heart. Therefore the one who is in urgent need should pray from the heart with whatever words Allaah inspires him to say, without preparing it beforehand. This is something which every believer finds in his heart. It is permissible to make du’aa’ in Arabic or in languages other than Arabic. Allaah knows the desire of the one who is making du’aa’, even if he cannot speak Arabic correctly, for He understands all languages and understands the needs of those who speak different languages. Al-Fatawa al-Kubra, 2/424, 425 You can also refer to this (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/servlet/Satellite?cid=1251021397384&pagename=IslamOnline-English-Ask_Scholar%2FFatwaE%2FFatwaEAskTheScholar"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/servlet/Satelli...aEAskTheScholar[/url] However, a Muslim must endeavour to learn enough Arabic for acts of worship such as salaah. And Allaah knows best.
  12. Prayer Of Need Recording

    :sl: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/servlet/Satellite?pagename=IslamOnline-English-Ask_Scholar/FatwaE/FatwaE&cid=1119503543884"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/servlet/Satelli...d=1119503543884[/url] Dr. `Ujail Jasim An-Nashami, professor of Shari`ah at the University of Kuwait, states: “All Muslim scholars agree that Salatul-Hajah is recommended act of worship. They base their view on the hadith, which is reported on the authority of `Abdullah Ibn Abi Awfa (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him, said: "If any one among you has any kind of need, be of Allah or of a human being, let him perform wudu' (ablution) and offer two rak`ahs (prayer units). Then he should praise Allah, invoke His blessings on the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and say the following du`a' (supplication): La ilaha illa Allahu-Haleemu lkareem. Subhana Allahi rabi el-`arshil `azeem. Al-Hamdulilahi rabbi il-`Alameen. As'aluka mujibati rahmatika, wa `aza'ima maghfiratika, wal-`ismata min kuli dhanb, wal ghaneemata min kuli birr, was-salamata min kuli ithm. La tada` li dhanban illa ghafartahu, wala hamman illa farajtahu, wala hajatan hiya laka ridan illa qadaytaha ya arhama ar-rahimeen. (There is no god but Allah, the Ever-Clement, the Most Generous. I celebrate the Glory of Allah, the Lord of the Magnificent Throne. All praise and thanks are due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. I beseech you, seeking that which will draw me closer to Your mercy, and that which will make certain for me Your Forgiveness. O Allah, grant me protection against any sin, and a share of every virtue. Do not leave me a sin without forgiving it, a worry without relieving me of it, or a need that meets with Your pleasure without providing for it, O Most Merciful Lord.) ..and Allaah knows best. :sl:
  13. Nubuwwah Question

    :sl: This caught my attention, so i will briefly say: Alllah's message is preserved in the Quran and Prophet Muhammed's example is preserved in the Sunnah (authentic ahaadiths), both together is what us muslims follow. Imams are not appointed by Allah. They are learned individuals who lead / guide muslim communites. individuals. The imams do not conjure up a message, they merely aid in understanding / relaying the quran and sunnah. :sl:
  14. Defend The Sunnah

    Defend the Sunnah[using large font size is not allowed] Sheikh 'Abdul Rahmaan as Sudais March 28, 2008 ~ Rabee al Awwal 20, 1429 Indeed all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him, seek His help, ask for His forgiveness, and we thank Him abundantly. He has given us countless bounties and bountiful provision. Glory be to Him. All deserves all Glory and Praise, and it our duty to acknowledge His greatness. I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah alone who has no partner. This is a testimony by which we will enter Jannah. And I bear witness that Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is the servant and messenger of Allah the Almighty. He is the best of human beings in terms of lineage and race, characteristics and morality and his was a biography that enlightened the entire universe. May Allah's abundant peace and blessings be upon him. This is part of the right of Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) granted to him by Allah the Almighty. And may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon his family and companions, and those who supported and protected him as well as his successors and those who follow him in righteous deeds out of love for him and his message. Oh servants of Allah, the best of advice is to advise you to fear Allah. So fear Allah the Almighty so that He may have mercy on you. Know that Godly consciousness is a means to defend the sunnah of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and a means to attain the highest degree in Jannah. It is also a shield against innovation and misguidance. Moreover, it is a proof of one's true love for the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam). It is the best of provisions for the hearts that are steadfast. "...And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is At-Taqwa (piety, righteousness). So fear Me, O men of understanding!" [surah Baqarah: Ayaah 197] Oh Muslims, people before the mission of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) lived for a long time in an incoherent society, where there were people who were arrogant and self-righteous. Many people misbehaved and worshipped idols. They lived under oppression and transgression in a distorted and corrupted society. This was the case until the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) arrived. So through Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) the whole world was guided towards monotheism, morality, and how to live a humane life. He guided towards all that is right, good, and divinely just. Allah says: "O Prophet! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner, And as one who invites to Allâh by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light." [surah Ahzaab: Ayaah 45-46] The light of his message spread to the whole world because his message is a guiding light. This is a light that Allah the Almighty enabled to spread everywhere. The Ummah expanded and as time passed it became stronger and stronger. He taught the world that had been deprived of the beauty of light, justice, and guidance. It also gave them the utmost dignity and honor. So all praise is due to Allah for this blessing and bounties. Glory be to Allah the Almighty who gave His Messenger the best of messages to the worlds. Indeed our praise of you Messenger of Allah is hardly anything after Allah the Almighty has mentioned you in His book and praised you. Oh Muslims, it is from the wisdom of Allah the Almighty that He chose Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to be the Messenger to mankind. Who is the best and the most noble of all the prophets? Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam)! Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is the man of dignity and honor. He is the one who received the revelation and was supported by the angel Jibraeel and whose name was mentioned in the Tawrah and Injeel. The characteristics that Allah the Almighty has given to His Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) are not restricted to the interpretations of those who write his biography. Indeed his biography is spread everywhere, on all platforms and podiums, and raised high. Oh brothers and sisters in Islam, because of this great position that the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has, he is the guided mercy and blessing from Allah. Yet we see people slandering him out of jealousy. Their hearts are filled with hatred towards. It is now time that we should know where we really stand and what our attitudes are towards the beloved Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in terms of following his guidance and sunnah and studying his biography. We must support him especially at this time, when materialism has controlled everything, when people no longer feel inspired, when people are misbehaving and being immoral, when many societies have been distorted and insult divine guidance, the Messengers, and dare to speak arrogantly about the best of mankind. May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him day and night. There are some people who want to distort teachings of the sunnah and the biography of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) while they understand it. Such people are like sharpened swords that seek to sever the Ummah. However, there are many people who are of sound minds and they defend the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) regardless of where they live. They defend humanity and this is their duty because Allah says "And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the 'Alamîn." [surah Anbiya: Ayah 107] Oh nation of victory, those who love the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam), in order to defend the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his sunnah, we should realize that defending him is a religious duty and a methodology. It is part of our belief and we should be steadfast in our adherence to his way. If we follow his Sunnah without any misinterpretations we will find fruitful results if we are not reactionary when he is insulted. We must put our thoughts into actions in a positive way. This methodology has been explained by the Salafus Saalih (Rahimahumullah). There has certainly been in them an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah the Almighty and the Last Day. By doing so we are following Allah's commands and following His Prophet as he had said "Stick to my Sunnah, and the Sunnah of the Khulafa ar Rashideen (the Rightly Guided Khalifs) after me." So stick to it with perseverance and beware of innovations because every innovation is misguidance. Al Qadi Iyaad (Rahimahullah) said "Part of our love for our Messenger (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is to defend and support his shari'ah and sunnah." Zuhri (Rahimahullah) said "Adherence to the sunnah is a way of salvation and this cannot be achieved except by following it with devotion and being far from innovation with faithfulness and in practical ways." And Al Izz ibn 'Abdus Salaam stated "There is great happiness for the one who followed his sunnah and his way and his heart is filled with love for the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in every single matter, minor and major, even if it is much or little." Our adherence to the Prophet's (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) sunnah is not conditioned by certain occasions and specified by days. It is not done by giving speeches nor by empty praise, but it is by following in his footsteps, following his authentic sunnah. Defending the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is all about loving him and following him in all our actions. Oh Muslim Ummah, our attitude will not be reformed until we adhere to the Book of Allah and the sunnah of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) according to the methodology of the righteous predecessors of the Ummah as well as the everlasting heritage of the Prophet in all walks of life whether it be political, economic, social, ideological, and so on. Doing this will be a shield that protects us from our enemies and it will also be a shield against innovations and falsehood. If you follow in his footsteps, you will be guided. The following are some of the ways we should defend him (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) in order to fulfill the conditions in believing in his message. We should teach the upcoming generation and the whole world position and characteristics of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his favor over all people. Showing his sunnah and teachings to people and adhering to it by putting it into practical action, studying it and teaching to others. We should also learn and practice his life example, memorizing it in schools, universities, institutions, and organizations. We should do this so that we may become advanced scientifically and religiously. This is because it is the methodology that emerged from the best of human beings. Doing this is a way of truly defending the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Allah the Almighty says: "So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him it is those who will be the successful." [7:157] We should call on people to adhere to this and urge them in every gathering, summits, conferences, and even in political circles with honor and self-respect. Is it acceptable that in order to defend the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) to keep his sunnah in our hearts and books without any feelings of practical manifestation? Is it just some written words and we fail to apply the traditions in our daily lives? Or is it acceptable to practice his sunnah for just a few days and then ignore it for the rest of the year? Or should we just talk about his sunnah and mention his name but fail to put it all into practice? No, never, ever! Don't you think that defending the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam), following his sunnah, mentioning his name and following his footsteps is a way for salvation and prosperity and attaining success? Oh our Lord, who has nothing similar unto Him, we ask you to grant us victory soon, to grant victory to your religion. May Allah's peace and blessing be upon the Prophet, the best of mankind. I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Shaytaan. May Allah bless His book and the sunnah of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) for all of us as his seerah and may He grant us the best provision. Allah says "Say (O Mohammad to the people): 'If you really love Allah, then follow me. And He (Allah) in return will love you, and will forgive you for you sins, and indeed Allah is oft-forgiving and most merciful.' Say: 'Obey Allah and the Messenger', and if they turn away, then verily Allah does not love the disbelievers." [surah Ale Imraan: Ayah 31-32] All praise is due to Allah. His blessings encompass all creation. The whole universe witnesses His Oneness. I bear witness that there is no God worthy of worship except Allah, who has no partners. And I bear witness that Muhammad (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is the servant and messenger of Allah. He was granted the praiseworthy position in the hereafter and the fountain. Oh Allah, send your blessings on him, his family and companions, and all those who strive to defend him and protect his sunnah, and on those who follow him in righteousness seeking to enter Jannah the everlasting abode. Oh Muslims, fear Allah the Almighty in the way He should be feared. He is Ever Watchful of you at all times and places. Be sure that amongst the best of good deeds that brings you closer to Allah the Almighty is to defend the honor of the best of mankind. And so that Allah may make evident those who support Him and His messengers. Indeed Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. Oh people of victory, it is sure that in times of hardship there are glad tidings and blessings. The catastrophe that we face in our Ummah in terms of the slander against the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has only made his name and seerah mentioned more and more. We find his message everywhere. It makes people long to be with the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam). The slander against the Messenger of Allah (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is a hardship on the Ummah, but all praise is due to Allah because the Muslims understand the crisis and are teaching people about the truth. The negative effects have made the Ummah gather around the sunnah of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his seerah. And they also started to study the stories of all the prophets (Alayhimus Salaam). They started to establish a plan to defend the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Allah the Almighty says "...Do not think that it was bad for you; instead, it was good for you..." [surah Nuur: Ayah 11] The person who loves the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and seeks to protect him in the best way loves his way of defending him. Such a person is with those who are striving to do the same and they all seek redress the problems of the Muslims worldwide by all available means. They do this in a scientific, well-planned way that is in accordance with the public interests and international laws. They seek beneficial results and they love the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and say I would sacrifice the thing I love most for him. They do this by following him properly, by means of media channels, using technology, and trying to formulate their thoughts to defend him. They strive to spread the correct image of Islam, its beauty, its light, and its mercy. They refute all falsehood against the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and Islam. Such people also spread his seerah in different languages. This is done by both individual efforts and the efforts of organizations around the world. We ask Allah the Almighty to accept of our dua. Oh Muslims, the initiative that began in the land of the Haram'ain ash Sharif'ain calls all civilizations to peacefully co-exist and to respect all the messages and sacred books of Allah the Almighty. It also calls for civil dialogue that brings about peace and security to all people, therefore cooperation and kindness towards each another. This is necessary in order to protect humanity from any form of destruction at a time when people's rights are being constantly violated. We must face the challenges in order to achieve the goals of the Muslim Ummah and this is just one of the best ways to defend the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam). It declares to the whole universe that this is our religion, our Prophet (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam), our civilization, and our message. May Allah the Almighty protect our Muslim leaders and support them in all good works. May people make dua for them. Allah says: And say (O Muhammad SAW) "Do deeds! Allâh will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers..." [surah Tawbah: Ayah 105] And Allah says: "But honour, power and glory belong to Allâh, and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites know not." [surah Munafiquun: Ayah 8] Send your peace and blessings upon the Messenger (Salallahu Alayhi Wasallam) who raised the highest levels by his morality and enlightened the earth with his beauty. Send your peace and blessings on upon him and his family as Allah the Almight commanded you to do so. Allah says: "Allâh and His angels send Salât on the Prophet. O you who believe! Send your Salât on him, and greet him with the Islâmic way of greeting." [surah Ahzaab: Ayah 56] Oh Allah, send your peace and blessings upon your chosen Prophet forever. Oh Allah, be pleased with his righteous companions Abu Bakr who was his companion in the Cave, and 'Umar who was the one who could distinguish between good and evil and the conqueror of countries, and Uthmaan who had the best of characteristics, and 'Ali who was intelligent, and the ten companions who were promised Jannah. And may Your peace and blessings be upon us out of your Generosity and Mercy. Oh the Most Forgiving, the Most Majestic, make our Prophet Muhammad our intercessor on the day of Judgment and fill our hearts with love for him. Make us amongst those who defend and protect him continuously, oh Lord of Majesty and Generosity. Oh Allah, honor Islam and the Muslims... translation taken from haramainrecordings
  15. A Little Effort Goes a Long Way[using large font size is not allowed] By Muhammad Fathi ** Have you missed some of the precious time of the previous Ramadan? Do you feel you could have done more in that blessed month? Are you disappointed with your performance during the last ten days of Ramadan and feel an overwhelming yearning for the spirituality of Laylat Al-Qadr? Well, you have another chance! It is out of Allah's mercy that He bestows upon us blessed times in which rewards are multiplied. These seasons of goodness recur time after time, so that we can recharge our spiritual batteries and keep our hearts alive. Nowadays, we are witnessing one of them — the first 10 days of Dhul-Hijjah. You certainly must have read or heard about the greatness of these days and the indescribable amount of forgiveness and mercy that Allah bestows upon people during them. Now that these days have already started, it is time for deeds, not words. The intelligent person is one who takes full advantage of every minute and every second, and this is not so difficult. There are many ways to achieve goodness, and with little effort you can get much reward. Hajj: The Fifth Pillar of Islam The first and foremost act of worship in these days is Hajj. If you are going to observe it this year, then try your best to gain as much reward as possible. This is your real chance to become wholly absolved of your sins and have your record wiped clean. So spare no effort in perfecting your rituals, and keep away from anything that may blemish your Hajj. During the journey, make use of your time through constant supplication, remembrance of Allah, and recitation of the Qur'an. Who knows, this may be your last journey to the Sacred House. Reward of Hajj in Your Homeland You may be unable to do Hajj this year, and you may feel sad because you are deprived of the great reward of Hajj. But you can also achieve this reward in your country of residence. Just reflect on the following hadith: Whoever prays Fajr Prayer in congregation, and then sits and remembers Allah until the sun rises, then (after a while) prays two rak`ahs, he will gain a reward equal to that of making perfect Hajj and `Umrah. [The Prophet repeated the word "perfect" thrice.] (At-Tirmidhi) It's so easy, isn't it? Back to the Qur'an It is time also to dust off your copy of the Qur'an and return to its refuge. Make these 10 days the beginning of a systematic and strong relationship with it. It's important to know that reading one letter of the Qur'an earns you 10 rewards. In this way, reading Surat Al-Fatihah — which doesn't take more than two minutes — will give you more than one thousand rewards. This is on ordinary days, so what about these great days! Certainly the reward will be far greater. Furthermore, there are some surahs that have special merits. Reading Surat Al-Ikhlas (surah 112), for example, is equal to reading one third of the Qur'an (Al-Bukhari and Muslim). Regular recitation of Surat Al-Mulk (surah 67) intercedes for its reader (Abu Dawud), and reading Ayat Al-Kursi (Al-Baqarah 2:255) when going to sleep protects you from Satan for the whole night (Al-Bukhari). Fasting: Evoking the Spirit of Ramadan It is a good idea to evoke the spirituality of Ramadan by fasting during these blessed days. Remember that observing the voluntary fast for day keeps you away from Hell. In a hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, Anyone who fasts for one day for Allah's pleasure, Allah will keep his face away from the (Hell) fire for (a distance covered by a journey of) seventy years. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) This is during ordinary days. Of course there is even more reward during these blessed days. Day of `Arafah On the day of `Arafah, Allah showers His mercy on the pilgrims and forgives all their sins. If you are not a pilgrim, you still can have a share of this forgiveness. All you have to do is to fast on the Day of `Arafah, and by doing that, Allah will forgive your sins for two whole years — the past year and the coming one. Night Vigil Prayer You always hear about the virtues of spending night in prayer, and you have actually tasted its sweetness in Ramadan nights. Why not revive this beautiful act of worship during these nights. You can add two or four extra rak`ahs after finishing `Isha' Prayer and before Witr Prayer. In addition to that, there is another easy way to gain the reward of the night vigil prayer. It is reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said He who attends `Isha' Prayer in congregation is as if he has performed salah for half of the night; and he who attends `Isha' and Fajr prayers in congregation, is as if he has performed salah for the whole night. (At-Tirmidhi) The Golden Words This is one of the easiest ways to gain treasures of reward. You can make dhikr wherever you are, at all times. You can make dhikr at your home, school, or workplace, and you can make it while you are driving, walking, traveling, and commuting. In addition, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) gave us guidance for reciting certain formulas of dhikr that have special reward. For example, Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said He who recites after every prayer: Subhan Allah (Allah is free from imperfection) thirty-three times; Al-hamdu lillah (praise be to Allah) thirty-three times; Allahu Akbar (Allah is Greatest) thirty-three times; and completes the hundred with: La ilaha illallahu, wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli shai'in qadir (there is no true god except Allah. He is One and He has no partner. His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Omnipotent), will have all his sins pardoned even if they may be as large as the foam on the surface of the sea. (Muslim) Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) also reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said He who says Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and His is the praise) one hundred times a day, his sins will be obliterated even if they are equal to the extent of the foam of the sea. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said He who utters ten times La ilaha illallahu, wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahulmulku wa lahulhamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli sha'in qadir (There is no true god except Allah. He is One and He has no partner. His is the sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is Omnipotent), he will have a reward equal to that for freeing four slaves from the progeny of Prophet Isma`il. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) To read more about these golden words, (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetwitness-pioneer(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/vil/hadeeth/riyad/15/book15.htm"]click here[/url]. The Precious hours In a wonderful hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said that on the last third of every night, Allah Almighty calls to His servants: Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him? (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Why do we miss this golden opportunity? Now is the right time to expose yourself to His divine generosity and mercy. If you are going to fast during these days, you are most likely to wake up a little bit earlier than usual to have your sahur. So, seize the opportunity and pray two rak`ahs, and ask Allah to forgive your sins and to grant you happiness in this world and in the hereafter. Do not forget your brothers and sisters who suffer in Palestine, Iraq, Pakistan, and other countries. The doors of goodness are numerous and wide open. There are many ways to Paradise, and the more time and effort you give, the more reward and blessings you will get. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ** Muhammad Fathi is a Shari`ah assistant editor at IslamOnline. He graduated from Al-Azhar University’s Faculty of Languages and Translation, Islamic Studies in English, and is pursuing post-graduate studies. You can reach him at mohammad.fathi[at]iolteam(contact admin if its a beneficial link). taken from Islamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)
  16. asalaamua'alikum Umar Ibn Al Khattab The Second Caliph, Umar (634-644 A.C.) "God has placed truth upon Umar's tongue and heart. (Hadith)" 'Umar's Life During his last illness Abu Bakr had conferred with his people, particularly the more eminent among them. After this meeting they chose 'Umar as his successor. 'Umar was born into a respected Quraish family thirteen years after the birth of Muhammad (peace be on him). Umar's family was known for its extensive knowledge of genealogy. When he grew up, 'Umar was proficient in this branch of knowledge as well as in swordsmanship, wrestling and the art of speaking. He also learned to read and write while still a child, a very rare thing in Mecca at that time. 'Umar earned his living as a merchant. His trade took him to many foreign lands and he met all kinds of people. This experience gave him an insight into the affairs and problems of men. 'Umar's personality was dynamic, self-assertive, frank and straight forward. He always spoke whatever was in his mind even if it displeased others. 'Umar was twenty-seven when the Prophet (peace be on him) proclaimed his mission. The ideas Muhammad was preaching enraged him as much as they did the other notables of Mecca. He was just as bitter against anyone accepting Islam as others among the Quraish. When his slave-girl accepted Islam he beat her until he himself was exhausted and told her, "I have stopped because I am tired, not out of pity for you." The story of his embracing Islam is an interesting one. One day, full of anger against the Prophet, he drew his sword and set out to kill him. A friend met him on the way. When 'Umar told him what he planned to do, his friend informed him that 'Umar's own sister, Fatima, and her husband had also accepted Islam. 'Umar went straight to his sister's house where he found her reading from pages of the Qur'an. He fell upon her and beat her mercilessly. Bruised and bleeding, she told her brother, "Umar, you can do what you like, but you cannot turn our hearts away from Islam." These words produced a strange effect upon 'Umar. What was this faith that made even weak women so strong of heart? He asked his sister to show him what she had been reading; he was at once moved to the core by the words of the Qur'an and immediately grasped their truth. He went straight to the house where the Prophet was staying and vowed allegiance to him. Umar made no secret of his acceptance of Islam. He gathered the Muslims and offered prayers at the Ka'aba. This boldness and devotion of an influential citizen of Mecca raised the morale of the small community of Muslims. Nonetheless 'Umar was also subjected to privations, and when permission for emigration to Medina came, he also left Mecca. The soundness of 'Umar's judgment, his devotion to the Prophet (peace be on him), his outspokenness and uprightness won for him a trust and confidence from the Prophet which was second only to that given to Abu Bakr. The Prophet gave him the title 'Farooq' which means the 'Separator of Truth from False hood.' During the Caliphate of Abu Bakr, 'Umar was his closest assistant and adviser. When Abu Bakr died, all the people of Medina swore allegiance to 'Umar, and on 23 Jamadi-al-Akhir, 13 A.H., he was proclaimed Caliph. 'Umar's Caliphate After taking charge of his office, 'Umar spoke to the Muslims of Medina: "...O people, you have some rights on me which you can always claim. One of your rights is that if anyone of you comes to me with a claim, he should leave satisfied. Another of your rights is that you can demand that I take nothing unjustly from the revenues of the State. You can also demand that... I fortify your frontiers and do not put you into danger. It is also your right that if you go to battle I should look after your families as a father would while you are away. "O people, remain conscious of God, forgive me my faults and help me in my task. Assist me in enforcing what is good and forbidding what is evil. Advise me regarding the obligations that have been imposed upon me by God..." The most notable feature of 'Umar's caliphate was the vast expansion of Islam. Apart from Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Palestine and Iran also came under the protection of the Islamic government. But the greatness of 'Umar himself lies in the quality of his rule. He gave a practical meaning to the Qur'anic injunction: "O you who believe, stand out firmly for justice as witnesses to God, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it concerns rich or poor, for God can best protect both." [4:135] Once a woman brought a claim against the Caliph 'Umar. When 'Umar appeared on trial before the judge, the judge stood up as a sign of respect toward him. 'Umar reprimanded him, saying, "This is the first act of injustice you did to this woman!" He insisted that his appointed governors live simple lives, keep no guard at their doors and be accessible to the people at all times, and he himself set the example for them. Many times foreign envoys and messengers sent to him by his generals found him resting under a palm tree or praying in the Masjid among the people, and it was difficult for them to distinguish which man was the Caliph. He spent many a watchful night going about the streets of Medina to see whether anyone needed help or assistance. The general social and moral tone of the Muslim society at that time is well-illustrated by the words of an Egyptian who was sent to spy on the Muslims during their Egyptian campaign. He reported: "I have seen a people, every one of whom loves death more than he loves life. They cultivate humility rather than pride. None is given to material ambitions. Their mode of living is simple... Their commander is their equal. They make no distinction between superior and inferior, between master and slave. When the time of prayer approaches, none remains behind..." 'Umar gave his government an administrative structure. Departments of treasury, army and public revenues were established. Regular salaries were set up for soldiers. A popuation census was held. Elaborate land surveys were conducted to assess equitable taxes. New cities were founded. The areas which came under his rule were divided into provinces and governors were appointed. New roads were laid, canals were lug and wayside hotels were built. Provision was made for he support of the poor and the needy from public funds. He defined, by precept and by example, the rights and privileges of non-Muslims, an example of which is the following contract with the Christians of Jerusalem: "This is the protection which the servant of God, 'Umar, the Ruler of the Believers has granted to the people of Eiliya [Jerusalem]. The protection is for their lives and properties, their churches and crosses, their sick and healthy and for all their coreligionists. Their churches shall not be used for habitation, nor shall they be demolished, nor shall any injury be done to them or to their compounds, or to their crosses, nor shall their properties be injured in any way. There shall be no compulsion for these people in the matter of religion, nor shall any of them suffer any injury on account of religion... Whatever is written herein is under the covenant of God and the responsibility of His Messenger, of the Caliphs and of the believers, and shall hold good as long as they pay Jizya [the tax for their defense] imposed on them." Those non-Muslims who took part in defense together with the Muslims were exempted from paying Jizya, and when the Muslims had to retreat from a city whose non-Muslim citizens had paid this tax for their defense, the tax was returned to the non-Muslims. The old, the poor and the disabled of Muslims and non-Muslims alike were provided for from the public treasury and from the Zakat funds. 'Umar's Death In 23 A.H., when Umar returned to Medina from Hajj;, he raised his hands and prayed, "O God! I am advanced in years, my bones are weary, my powers are declining, and the people for whom I am responsible have spread far and wide. Summon me back to Thyself, my lord!" Some time later, when 'Umar went to the Masjid to lead a prayer, a Magian named Abu Lulu Feroze, who had a grudge against 'Umar on a personal matter, attacked him with a dagger and stabbed him several times. Umar reeled and fell to the ground. When he learned that the assassin was a Magian, he sid, "Thank God he is not a Muslim." 'Umar died in the first week of Muharram, 24 A.H., and was buried by the side of the Holy Prophet (peace be on him).
  17. Need Clear Meaning Of This Verse.

    :sl: From Maariful Quraan Verse 50 says that Sayyidina Isa Alayhis’Salaam will declare he has come to confirm Torah which was revealed before his coming and to make lawful what remained unlawful for them in the law of Moses. This means that the unlawfulness of some things in the earlier code would stand abrogated by the new one (that Of Sayyidina Isa) whose station of prophethood was the conclusive argument for the claim of abrogation. The proof of his truth were the signs from their Lord. (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetaltafsir(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=0&tSoraNo=1&tAyahNo=1&tDisplay=no&LanguageID=2"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetaltafsir(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/Tafasir.asp?tMadhN...mp;LanguageID=2[/url] Briefly on Verse 50 for Surah Al-Imran "To give you legal dispensation regarding (some of that which was forbidden unto you) such as the meat of camels, the fat of bovines and sheep" "Thus he made lawful for them fish and birds which had no spikes; " I am sure I will be corrected if I am wrong by our more knowledgeable brothers and sisters. And Allaah knows best :sl:
  18. Satellite Photo Of Haram (ka'ba) Masjid Expansion.

    :sl: :sl:
  19. Hello

    Greetings Mark ######you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/images/welcom.gif[/img] to Gawaher I'm glad you decided to join us. I hope that you find your stay here at IF beneficial, as well as enjoyable, and God Willing we benefit from each other. As we advise all new comers, please take a moment to read our (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?act=boardrules"]Forum Rules[/url]. This will greatly enhance your understanding of this community, and ensures a smooth relation with everyone around here. And now here is your welcome drink, on the house! So sit back, and let me pour you a glass of freshly squeezed fruit juice! ######you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/uploads/post-1-1102388849.jpg[/img]
  20. Password Protected Folders

    :sl: sis I'm not sure if this will work :sl: but you can try it.. Right click the folder, select Properties, Click on the Security tab, check/uncheck boxes in the Pemissions.. If I am wrong then I am sure i'll be corrected :j: :no:
  21. The 99 Names Of Allah ?

    Hi These two topics may be of interest: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=24279"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=24279[/url] (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=5242"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=5242[/url]
  22. Question

    :sl: Hadith with commentary Riyad-us-Saliheen Compiled By Al-Imam Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Sharaf An-Nawawi Ad-Dimashqi (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetwitness-pioneer(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/vil/hadeeth/riyad/default.htm"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetwitness-pioneer(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/vil/hadeeth/riyad/default.htm[/url] :sl:
  23. Indonesia - Compulsion In Religion

    Reminder only IF does not allow discussions of different sects in Islam. This complex issue will require more than ordinary Muslim's knowledge to engage into various theological differences and interpretations of Islam. All Muslims should make Quran and Sunnah their only source of guidance. Therefore, we advise everyone to stay away from all sects. Please read about them in our 'Avoid All Sects and Cults' forum, here: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showforum=163"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showforum=163[/url] Posting or discussing any sect-related issue is a violation of IF rules.
  24. Re New Sister

    Salam'alaikum Sister I have sent you a PM
  25. Salam

    :sl: ######you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/images/welcom.gif[/img] to Gawaher brother Saif I'm glad you decided to join us. I hope that you find your stay here at IF beneficial, as well as enjoyable, and inshaAllah we benefit from each other. As we advise all new comers, please take a moment to read our (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?act=boardrules"]Forum Rules[/url]. This will greatly enhance your understanding of this community, and ensures a smooth relation with everyone around here. And now here is your welcome drink, on the house! So sit back, and let me pour you a glass of freshly squeezed fruit juice! ######you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/uploads/post-1-1102388849.jpg[/img]