I got something to share with you.
D U A '
by Huma Ahmad
"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.jannah(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/articles/duah.html"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.jannah(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/articles/duah.html[/url]
Dua is defined as any invocation or prayer addressed to
Allah (SWT). In our times, we find many reasons why people do
not make Dua; we forget, don't know how, or just do not think
it will be answered. Fundamental to this is the loss of
dependence and trust upon Allah. As Muslims there is
something very wrong when we believe our Duas won't be answered.
We do not turn to Allah in our times of need and instead put our
trust, dependence and hopes on worldly things that we think will
help us. Although these temporal things are the means through
which our Duas can be answered, the root of our being should be
trained automatically to turn to Allah and not anything or
anyone else. Through Dua, we strengthen our Imaan and our
relationship with Allah, as well as heighten our awareness of
cause and effect that can help inspire and motivate us to be
closer to Islam in our lives.
We find many reassurances throughout the Quran for those
who make Dua. Allah the Exalted, has said: "And your
Lord says: Pray unto me: and I will hear your prayer" (Quran
40:60), "Call upon your Lord Humbly and in secret" (Quran 7:55),
"When My servants question thee concerning Me, I am indeed close
(to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he
calleth on Me" (Quran 2:186), "Is not He (best) who listens to
the (soul) distressed when it calls on Him, and who relieves its
suffering." (Quran 27:62)
Aisha radhiallaahu anha said, "No believer makes Dua and
it is wasted. Either it is granted here in this world
or deposited for him in the Hereafter as long as he does not get
In fact, it is even wrong to never make Dua, "Whosoever
does not supplicate to Allah, He will be angry with Him."
[saheeh Jaami`as-Sagheer #2414]
A Hadith says "Ad-Du'aa Huwal-3ibaadah",[Abu
Dawud,at-Tirmidhi, Hasan Saheeh], Dua is Ibadah so calling
upon anyone other than Allah in one's Dua is Shirk. This
is an important condition of having one's Dua accepted; the Dua
should not be directed to other than Allah alone. A second
condition would be sincerity or Hudoor alqalb, having the heart
present. Also, one's food, drink, clothes and lifestyle should
be Halal. One should avoid unlawful, impious or forbidden
sources or means of livelihood. Fourth, one cannot ask for
something sinful or Haram. Dua should not be made against
family and property (i.e. to sever the ties of kinship).
If one asks Allah to curse someone, it rises up to
heaven and goes to the person if they are deserving, if
not it returns to the person supplicating. Patience is another
condition. This perseverance in making Dua is important. One
should not say "Why hasn't Allah answered my Dua" or "I have
prayed and prayed so many times, but the same was not accepted"
and then become disappointed and give up praying. An example of
this is like a person who planted a seed or a sapling, and kept
looking after it and watering it and when its complete shape and
height was slow in coming, they left it and forgot about it.
Lastly one should have expectation, belief with
certainty only Allah can answer the Dua. Understanding
dependence on Allah and asking with absolute resolve and
believing with certainty that one's Dua will be answered is a
also a condition of acceptance. One should not say "O Allah do
this...if you wish..." because one should appeal to Allah with
determination, for nobody can force Allah to do something
against his Will. If one fulfills these conditions, Allah will
definitely answer the Dua, avert some equivalent evil or give
better in the Hereafter.
We can and should make Dua in every condition, i.e. in
hardship and in prosperity. There are also some special
times to make Dua where it is more likely to be accepted:
1. When one is oppressed
2. Between the time of Athan and Iqama
3. At the time of the call for prayer
4. At the time of fighting when warriors are engaged with
5. When it is raining
6. When one is sick
7. The last third of the night
8. Ramadan (especially Lailatul Qadr)
9. After the Fard part of prayer
10. When traveling
11. When breaking fast
12. In Sujood
13. Fridays, some say on Friday after Asr prayer
14. While drinking the water from the well of Zamzam
15. At the start of prayer (Dua of Istiftah)
16. When one begins the prayer, i.e. with "all praise be to
Allah, the Pure and the Blessed one"
17. While one recites al-Fatiha (which is a Dua)
18. When Ameen is said in the prayer (also relating to Fatiha)
19. At the time of raising the head after the Rukoo
20. In the last part of the prayer after conveying blessings
unto the Prophet (SAW)
21. Before finishing the prayer (before Tasleem (saying the
Salaam to the angels))
22. At the end of Wudu
23. On the day of Arafah
24. On waking up from sleep
25. At times of adversity
26. Prayer after the death of a person
27. Dua when someone's heart is filled with sincerity and
when it is focused on Allah
28. Dua of the parent against or for his children
29. When the sun moves from its meridian but before the
30. The Dua of a Muslim for his brother without the latter's
31. At the time the army advances to fight in the way
Dua can be beautified and perfected by certain actions:
1. Have Wudu, face Qibla, be neat and clean
2. Raise both hands up to the shoulder with palms open facing up
3. Use words of Allah and Muhammad (SAW)-
i.e. Duas found in Quran and Hadith
4. Ask by Asma alHusna- Allah's Beautiful Names
5. Ask Allah by your good deeds
6. Be insistent-repeat (i.e. 3x's)
7. Glorify Allah and recite Durud for the Prophet (SAW) at
both the beginning and end
8. Show humility, entreaty, desire and fear while making Dua
9. Repent and try to make amends where one has wronged
10. Confess mistakes, shortcomings, and sins
11. Keep voice between a whisper and speaking aloud
12. Show the need for Allah's help and implore Him for release
from weakness, hardship and tribulation.
13. Seize the opportunity of time, situation and circumstance in
which prayers are answered
14. Avoid rhymed prose to keep concentration
15. Crying when making Dua
16. The Dua of Dhun-Nun (Yunus) by which he invoked Allah from
within the belly of the whale was: "LAa ilaha illa
Anta, Subhanaka innee kuntu min aDH-DHaalimeen."
No Muslim ever makes Dua with it but Allah
answers it." [at tirmidhi in his sunan, ahmad
and hakim reported it and hakim declared it
authentic and adh dhahabee agreed]
17. End with "Alhamdulillah rabbil alameen"
We should ask for Dunya things, but not just for the
sake of Dunya itself and for Akhirah things. We should
not ask for punishment to be brought forward in this world or
for early death. We should not curse any particular human being
or animal, abuse a Muslim for no reason, abuse dead people
without cause and religious excuse, or abuse fever or the wind.
We should not make Dua by saying we have been given rain by this
or that star or what Allah willed, and so and so willed. We
should not make Dua against family and property or for sinful
acts and severing the bonds.
In the end there can be reasons why the Dua might not be
answered such as not fulfilling conditions like some of
the ones listed above or: Divine Wisdom, trying to hurry the
response of one's Dua, Dua for what is sinful or the breaking
off of relations, eating, drinking, or dressing from what is
Haram, not being resolute in making Dua, abandoning the duty of
enjoining what is good and shunning the evil, the dominance of
unmindfulness, lust and vain desires, not being submissive
during Salah, or committing particular sins (not divorcing a
vile woman, giving a loan without a witness, and a man who gave
his wealth to the foolish)
More information on Dua can be found in a book in
English, a translation of Kitaab ud-Du`aa' by Shaykh
al-`Awaa'ishah (published by Jam`iat Ihyaa Minhaaj al-Sunnah),
the Book of Supplications in Al-Bukhari and Riyadh us Saleheen
and Ajawab Alkafi by Imam Shams Adeen Mohamad bin AbiBakr Bin
Qayem Ajawyzeyah. Jazakamullahu khairan to those who corrected
and added to the above compilation. May Allah make us of those
that oft turn to Him in Dua. Ameen.
Why is my Supplication not Answered?
"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_muttaqun(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/fatawa/q0015.sht"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_muttaqun(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/fatawa/q0015.sht[/url]
Allaah says: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“And your Lord says: Call upon Me and I will, respond to your supplication.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ [surah Ghaafir 40:60]
So why is it that a personÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication) is sometimes unanswered?
All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of the worlds. May the Prayers and Peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and upon his Family and his Companions. I ask Allaah for the ability to be correct in belief, speech and actions, for myself and for my brothers.
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“And your Lord says: Call upon Me and I will respond to your supplication. Verily those who are too arrogant to worship Me will, enter Hell in humiliation.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ [surah Ghaafir 40:60]
The questioner stated that he did indeed make duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication) to Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - but it was not answered by Allaah. So he is in doubt with respect to this noble aayah (verse), in which Allaah promises to answer the one who supplicates to Him, and indeed Allaah - the Most Perfect - never breaks His promise.
So the clarification of this is that there are certain conditions that need to be fulfilled in order for a supplication to be answered. These conditions are:
Firstly: Sincerity to Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic. That is to say, one must be sincere in his duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication), so he turns to Allaah - the One free from all imperfections with an attentive heart, being truthful in his turning to Him, knowing that Allaah - the Most Perfect, the Most High - is capable of answering his duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication) and hoping that the duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa will be answered.
Secondly: During duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa, the caller should feel that he is in need of Allaah - the Most Perfect, the Most High ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ in fact in dire need; and that only Allaah alone answers the supplication of the one in distress and the One who removes evil.
Thirdly: That the one making duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa should refrain from haraam (unlawful) matters, as this acts as a barrier between the person and his duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication) being answered - as has been established in the authentic hadeeth, from the Prophet who said: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“Indeed Allaah - the Most High -is good and accepts only that which is good. Allaah has ordered the Believers to do that which He commanded the Messengers. Allaah - the Most High -has said:
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“O you Messengers! Eat of the good things and do righteous actions.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ [surah Al-MuÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“minoon 23:51]
And Allaah - the Most High - says:
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“O you who Believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ [surah Al-Baqarah 2:172]
Then he mentioned (the case of) a man who, having journeyed far is dishevelled and dusty and who spreads out his bands to the sky (saying): ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“O Lord! O Lord,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ whilst his food is unlawful, his drink unlawful and he is nourished unlawfully. So how can he be answered!ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ So the Prophet explained the un-likelihood that this personÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa would be answered, even after fulfilling the apparent factors which aid the duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa being answered. The apparent factors being:
 Raising onesÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ hands towards the sky, meaning towards Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - since Allaah is above the heavens, above His ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢Arsh (Throne). Extending the hands out towards Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - is amongst the causes of duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa being responded to, as is shown in the narration from the Prophet ) that he said: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“Indeed your Lord is Alive, Most generous. He feels shy that when his servant raises his bands towards Him, calling upon Him, that He should return him empty, having nothing.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢
 This man called upon Allaah - the Most High - using the name Rabb (Lord). Seeking tawassul (the means of nearness to Allaah) with this name is also regarded as one of the causes for duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa to be responded to, since the Rabb is the Creator, the Owner, the Governor of all affairs - and the reigns of the Heavens and the earth are in His Hands. Due to this, you will find that most of the supplications made in the Noble QurÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“aan are by this name:
ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“Our Lord! We have heard the call of one calling us to faith: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“Believe you in the Lord,ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ and we have believed. Our Lord! Forgive us our sins, and remit from us our evil deeds, and take to Yourself our souls in the company of the righteous. Our Lord! Grant us what You did promise unto us through Your Messengers, and do not disgrace us on the Day of judgement, for You never break Your promise. And their Lord has accepted of them, and answered them: Never will I suffer to be lost the work of any of you, whether male or female.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ [surah Al-'lmraan 3:193-195]
So tawassul (seeking the means of nearness to Allaah) by this name is one of the causes for the duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa to be responded to.
 This man was a traveller, and journeying is often a cause for duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa to be responded to, because a person feels more in need of Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - when travelling, than when a person is resident with his family. He was dusty and dishevelled, seeming very insignificant in himself, as if the most important thing to him was to implore Allaah and to call upon Him - in any condition he may be - whether dusty and dishevelled, or in ease and oppulance. Being dusty and dishevelled is also instrumental, like in the hadeeth attributed to the Prophet in which he said: Indeed Allaah boasts to the people of the Heaven about the people standing at ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢Arafah, saying: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“Look at My servants who have come to Me dusty and dishevelled.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢[3
However, these factors did not bring about anything, because his food, his nourishment and his clothing were all haraam (unlawful). So the Prophet remarked: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“So how can he be answered!ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢
Therefore, if these conditions are not satisfied, then the question concerning the duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication) being answered will seem distant. However, if the conditions are satisfied and the one supplicating is still not answered, then this is due to a wisdom which Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic - knows, and the one supplicating does not know what this wisdom is; and maybe that you like a thing and it is bad for you.
So when these conditions are fulfilled and the one supplicating is not answered, then either he has been protected from an evil which is greater than what he has asked for, or Allaah stores it for him until the Day of Resurrection, and he then gets a greater reward. This is so, because the one who makes duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa - calling upon Allaah alone, fulfilling the conditions and not being answered, but rather being saved from a greater evil - is in the position of having carried out the causes yet has been prevented from being answered, and therefore has a two-fold reward. One reward for making duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication), and another reward for bearing the trial of not being answered. So that which is greater and more complete is stored for him with Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic.
Also of importance is that the one supplicating should not express dissatisfaction if his duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa is apparently not being answered, for this action in itself is a reason for the duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa not being answered - as the Prophet said: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“A servants duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa continues to be answered as long as be does not ask for anything sinful or breaking the ties of relations, and as long as be does not become impatient.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ It was said: How does one become impatient O Messenger of Allaah? He said: ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“He says: I have supplicated, I have supplicated, yet it has not been answered.ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ He therefore becomes dispondant and abandons supplicating. So it is not befitting that the one supplicating should become impatient about being answered, then become disappointed and dispondant, and thereby abandon making duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa. Rather, one should call upon Allaah, since every duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa you make to Allaah is an act of worship, which brings you closer to Him and increases your reward.
So my brother, you should take to making duÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢aa (supplication) in all affairs, be it general or specific, in difficulty or in ease. And if it was that supplication was only a means of worshipping Allaah - the One free from all imperfections, the Most High - then that would be sufficient. So it is more befitting that a person strives in this - and with Allaah lies the success and the ability.
[sheikh Uthaimeen, MajmooÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ul-Fataawaa war-RasaaÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‹Å“il (no. 155)]
 Related by Muslim (no. 1015) from Abu Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢anhu)
 Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (5/438) and Abu Daawood (no. 1488). It was authenticated by al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar in Fathul-Baaree (11/143).
 Saheeh: Related by Ibn Hibbaan (no. 1006), from ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢Abdullaah Ibn ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢Amr (radiyallaahu ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢anhu). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Saheehul-JaamiÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢ (no. 1868).
 Related by al-Bukhaaree (11/140) and Muslim (no. 2735), from Abu Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢anhu)