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Types of Purification in islam 1-Inner Purification It is the purification of the heart from polytheism, sins etc. It is not possible to attain purification when the filth of polytheism lingers in the heart. As pointed out by Allah I:”O you who believe, verily, the mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in oneness of Allah and in the message of Muhammad) are najas (impure). So let them not come near the Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the holy masjid in Makkah) after this year; and if you fear poverty, Allah I will enrich you, if He wills, out of His bounty. Surely, Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.” ( Tawbah:28) And the Prophet ﷺ said: “Indeed the believer does not become impure.” [ agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim (This will be referred to as «agreed upon» in the remainder of the book).] 2-Physical Purification It is the purification of the body from dirt and impurities. Physical purification entails two forms of purification: 1-Purification from Hadath (the state of ritual impurity) Hadath is that which, when produced from or befalls a body, prevents a Muslim from acts of worship for which purification is a requisite, e.g. As-Salah (prayer), circumambulation of the Ka’abah etc. There are two types of Hadath: Minor Hadath.. It is that which makes ablution imperative, like urine, defecation, passing wind and all other nullifiers of al-wudu’ (ablution). These will be listed later on in the text. Purification from these is achieved by performing al-wudu’. Allah I says: “O you who believe! When you intend to offer Salah (daily prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and wash your feet up to the ankles. ” (Maidah:6) Major Hadath .. It is that which makes ghusl (a purificatory bath) imperative, e.g. sexual relations, menstruation etc. Purification from this state is achieved by ghusl. Allah says: “If you are in a state of janabah (i.e. after sexual relations), purify yourselves (by bathing your whole body).” (Maidah:6) If it is impossible to purify oneself through wudu or ghusl, then one purifies himself through Tayammum (a dry form of purification using soil, to be discussed in a later section). 2-Purification from Najasah (a physical impurity) Removal of any physical impurity is obligatory, as Allah says: “And purify your garments” (Mudathir: 4). And the Prophet ﷺ said; “Most of the punishment in the grave is a result of the lack of cleaning (oneself from) urine” [ narrated by Ibn Majah.] and “When any of you comes to the masjid (mosque), he should be mindful of his sandals. If he sees filth or dirt on one (of them), he should wipe it (off) and then (he can) pray in them.” [ narrated by Abu Dawud.] Purification from physical impurities entails: 1-purification of the place of prayer 2-purification of clothes 3-purification of the body
purification in Islam 1-Leftover water from a human being: It is reported “that the Prophet ﷺ used to drink from what A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) had drunk while she was menstruating, and he used to put his mouth on the place where she drank from.”[ narrated by Muslim.] 2-Leftover water from a cat: The Prophet ﷺ said of the cat that drank from a container: “It (the cat) is not impure. It is merely one of your companions who frequently wanders amongst you.” [ narrated by At-Tirmidhi.] 3-Leftover water from animals whose consumption is permissible, as well as mules, donkeys, carnivores, hunting birds and their likes. It is pure. This is because the basis of all things is purity when there is no evidence proving otherwise. It is well known that the Prophet ﷺ used to ride donkeys as did others during his time. This proves that donkeys are not impure. source: https://www.al-feqh.com/en/leftover-water
1- For Eating and Drinking Their usage is forbidden, as stated by the Prophet ﷺ: “Do not drink from gold and silver containers and do not eat from plates made from them. Verily they are for them (the unbelievers) on earth and for you (the believers) in the hereafter.” [ agreed upon] And he ﷺ said: “He who drinks from a silver container, indeed (he) causes hell-fire to boil in his belly.” [ agreed upon] 2- For Other than Eating and Drinking It is permissible to use gold and silver for things other than eating and drinking, for example to perform ablution. This is based on the specificity of the previously mentioned hadeeth to eating and drinking. Also we see evidence for this from the hadeeth of Ummu Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her). She possessed a small container resembling a bell made from silver that contained grains of hair belonging to the Prophet ﷺ.[ narrated by At-Tirmidhi.] Usage of Containers Patched with Silver It is permissible to use containers patched with a small amount of silver. The patching must be for the purpose of repair only and not beautification, as is shown in the hadith in which the Prophetﷺ mended the cracked portion of a pitcher with a chain made of silver.[ narrated by At-Tirmidhi.] Source:Islamkingdom