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Assalamualaikum Rahamatullahi Wabarakathahu Let me start this article the these verses Surah: 57 Aya: 25 We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice. And We sent down iron, wherein is great military might and benefits for the people, and so that Allah may make evident those who support Him and His messengers unseen. Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might. When a Mars-size object collided with Earth 4.5 billion years ago ,two events happen that changed the galaxy permanently after that.the first one ,was invasion of iron to earth other one was the most important result which made the earth habitable was creation of moon ! Peter D. Ward and Donald Brownlee, in their book, Rare Earth: Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe, make these following conclusions As per the verse 2.189 They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the new moons. Say, “They are measurements of time for the people and for Hajj.” And it is not righteousness to enter houses from the back, but righteousness is [in] one who fears Allah. And enter houses from their doors. And fear Allah that you may succeed. Moon was made to reckon days .it is/was obvious for our ancestors as moon gives lunar month but if we think with the modern perspective of science we get few more amazing results . first let me ask a question to myself ,what would have happen if our moon was just 15000 miles away from us? .then our earth would have moved faster and we will have more days in a year ..obviously , the earth’s tilt might had been different which would have resulted in different climatic conditions and there might not be intellectual life possible on earth .actually this was the condition in the beginning of formation of moon Secondly,What would have happen if our moon was half its size as we have now? Geologists believe that an Earth day was originally five to six hours long if we have lesser size moon. Assuming life had still arisen, it would have had to contend with more frequent ice ages as well more extreme warm snaps.Large moons stabilize planets. Due to smaller moon earth would have wobbled a lot. in other words, bigger climatic swings and seasonal temperature changes than Earth what we have now. So we got moon when iron was send to us and even that moon is at right place and with the most appropriate size .In other words a perfect balance was set between the size and the distance of the moon so that earth will become habitable wait a minute! The right balance ……. I remember few verses form quran Verse 55.5 The sun and the moon by precise calculation Verse 55.6 And the stars and trees prostrate. Verse 55.7 And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance Is Allah subhanavatala is talking about these calculations and balance? To the people of 14th century the above verses would have only meant about sun light and moon light but for us these verses made a world of difference. We all know that the Sun rises in the east and sets in the west. However, most us don’t realize that is a generalization. Actually, the Sun only rises due east and sets due west on 2 days of the year — the spring and fall equinoxes! On other days, the Sun rises either north or south of “due east” and sets north or south of “due west.”Each day the rising and setting points change slightly. We never bother to notice the movement of Sun because Mr. Sun is not so important for us; however Mr. Sun was a very important person for our ancestors because he made their life bright after a prolonged darkness of night. This was the reason most of ancestors took Mr. Sun as god . they even use to trace and calculate the sun’s path very accurately .interestingly , ibn katir has given a good detail about this From Tafsir Ibn Khatir The verses are verse 70.40 So I swear by the Lord of [all] risings and settings that indeed We are able Verse 73.9 [He is] the Lord of the East and the West; there is no deity except Him, so take Him as Disposer of [your] affairs. Verse 55. 17. (He is) the Lord of the two easts (places of sunrise during early summer and early winter) and the Lord of the two wests (places of sunset during early summer and early winter). To know little more about this verses let us imagine the earth without moon. No moon means no tilt and thereby we will have one east and one west. No climate changes and their might not be any life possible on earth. Even the tilt of earth which is 23.4* is just appropriate to make the earth habitable .life might not have existed on the earth if this tilt was much bigger or smaller. So moon is must to make earth habitable .the formation of moon happen when iron came to earth .even it is said that the time and place of the impact which planet Theia made was appropriate to form the earth core and the moon . Again I am quoting the same verse here Verse 57.25. Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Scripture and the Balance (justice) that mankind may keep up justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of war), as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allâh may test who it is that will help Him (His religion), and His Messengers in the unseen. Verily, Allâh is All-Strong, All-Mighty Who could have made those precise calculations? yet atheists say every thing was coincidence and it happen from nothing So moon was made exclusively for .this is mentioned in the following ayah Verse 14.33 And He subjected for you the sun and the moon, continuous [in orbit], and subjected for you the night and the day. So which of the favors of Allah subhanavatala We can deny
Fatwa by: Ustad-Ul-Hadith Hazrat Maulana Mufti Muneer Ahmad Akhoon "Ramadaan is when all of you keep the fast, Eid-Ul-Fitr is when all of you celebrate the Eid, and Eid-Ul-Adha is when all of you do the sacrifices,…” (Tirmizi, Abu Dawud) According to Imam Tirmizi (RA), the meaning of this Hadith is that all of us should get united in Ramadan and Eid by celebrating with the majority! Unity in Ramadan & Eid is the aspiration of the Ahadeeth, & the verdict of the majority of the jurists of Islam – Imam Abu Hanifa (RA), & ImamAhmed Bin Humble (RA) Global moon sighting is the exact requisite of Shariah and Sunnah and the consensus of all sects: Deobani, Bareilvi , Ahle Hadith, etc. Muslims in America and Canada should make “Mecca” as their center and celebrate Ramadan and Eid because of the sighting of Mecca is in accordance with Sheriah. ________ Excerpted From a pamphlet we were given today after Friday prayer.
Saracen21stC posted a topic in Refuting non-MuslimsWhy does Allah take oaths on the Sun, Moon, time and other entities of life? By Maulana Faraz ibn Adam On April 1, 2012, by Maulana Faraz Ibn Adam An oath is defined as a solemn appeal to a deity to stand as a witness to the binding nature of a promise or the truth of a statement. The swearing of an oath is a common practice in all cultures and has been a procedure for many centuries. In the Roman tradition, oaths were sworn upon Jupiter Lapis or the Jupiter Stone located in the Temple of Jupiter, Capitoline Hill. Jupiter Lapis was held in the Roman Tradition to be an Oath Stone, an aspect of Jupiter is his role as divine law-maker responsible for order and used principally for the investiture of the oath taking of office. The concept of oaths is deeply rooted within Judaism. It is found in Genesis 8:21, when God swears that he will “never again curse the ground because of man and never again smite every living thing.” This repetition of the term never again is explained by Rashi, the pre-eminent biblical commentator, as serving as an oath, citing the Talmud for this ruling. The first personage in the biblical tradition to take an oath is held to be Eliezer, the chief servant of Abraham, when the latter requested of the former that he not take a wife for his son Isaac from the daughters of Canaan, but rather from among Abraham’s own family. In the Judeo-Christian Tradition, this is held as the origination of the concept that it is required to hold a sacred object in one’s hand when taking an oath. (Wikipedia) Likewise, in Islamic tradition, oaths are held in high esteem. To take a false oath is branded as a major sin. In addition to this, oaths can only be taken on Allah. Imam Ahmed reports that the messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever takes an oath upon other than Allah, has associated partners to Allah.” Imam Kaasani in his manual of jurisprudence Badaa’i al-sanaa’i states that in pre-islamic times, the Arabs would take oaths upon whatever was gigantic, had immense benefit and regarded dangerous. They would swear upon the Earth, the Sun, the Moon, the night and day. The essence of an oath is honouring and venerating that which is sworn upon. It is considered to be great and lofty in the sight of men. With this being the fundamental nature, oaths are synonymous to worship, and worship is exclusive for Allah alone. Therefore, just as worship of other than Allah is prohibited, swearing an oath on other than Allah bears the same ruling. Due to the common thread between the two, the messenger of Allah unified associating partners to Allah and swearing a false oath in a single sentence. Imam Bukhari reports on the authority of Abdullah ibn Amr’ that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Major sins include associating partners to Allah, disobeying ones parents and the swearing of false oaths.” The Quran contains many oaths. Allah the Almighty takes an oath of Himself approximately seven times in; 1) Surah Nisaa verse 65 2) Surah Yunus verse 53 3) Surah Taghaabun verse 7 4) Surah Maryam verse 68 5) Surah Hijr verse 92 6) Surah Ma’aarij verse 4 7) Surah ath-Dhaariyaat verse 23 However, when one studies and ponders over the text of the Quran, he will become conscious of the fact that Allah the Almighty takes an oath on many of His creation. At times Allah is swearing upon the Sun, at times on the Moon, on other occasions on the stars, on the angels etc. So why does Allah take an oath on such creation? What do these oaths mean in the Quran? Explanations for the oaths: 1) Some specialists in the exegesis of Quran are of the view that where ever there is mention of an oath on a creation of Allah, the word ‘rabb’ is omitted prior to the word. So in actual fact, these are oaths on Allah also. So the verses, “By the Sun,” “By the Moon,” “By the fig and the olive,” in reality are, “By the Lord of the Sun,” “By the Lord of the moon,” “By the lord of olive and the fig.” The omitting of words is very common in the Quran. This is not a deficiency at all. It is evidence to its rhetoric and eloquence. Whatever is common knowledge and obvious is omitted for the sake of brevity. Furthermore, the omission of such words plays a vital role; it invites man to engage with the Quran and as result, the reciter builds a connection with the Quran to read beyond the text. 2) Another body of scholars are of the opinion that such phrases are in their literal meaning. Allah took oaths upon these creations as this was also the practice of the Arabs. So to add extra weight to the message, Allah communicated in a style common to the recipients. 3) Another famous opinion is that by taking oaths upon the creation, Allah is showing His greatness. Reason being, if the invention of an inventor is great, then the mere mention of such an invention entertains praise for the inventor. So Allah the almighty is swearing upon His inventions which display His greatness, which in reality equates to taking an oath on His majesty and grandeur. (al-Itqaan 505-508) 4) Allah isn’t taking an oath on these creations, instead Allah is summoning these creations to witness what is about to be said. The sole purpose is to show mankind the submission and humbleness of creations far greater than them, so what stops them from submitting? These creations readily stand witness and accept the words of Allah. (Kashful Baari 2/515) Abul Qasim said, “The taking of oath on any entity is primarily due to two reasons: either its virtue or its benefit.” For example, Allah takes an oath upon Mount Sinai, this is solely dues its virtue and merit. Whereas the oath on the fig and olive is principally due to the immense benefit it extends. Other scholars have looked at the oaths from a different angle and commented that all oaths will fall under one of the three categories: 1) Oaths of Allah upon Himself 2) Oaths of Allah on His actions In Surah ash-Shams Allah says, “And [by] the sky and He who constructed it. And [by] the earth and He who spread it. And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it.” 3) Oaths upon the effects of the actions of Allah For example Allah says in Surah an-Najm, “By the star when it descends.” The different issues upon which oaths are taken upon: 1) Oaths to stress the necessity to believe in core principles. For example, Allah takes an oath on the angels to stress belief in concept of monotheism, “ By those [angels] lined up in rows And those who drive [the clouds]And those who recite the message, Indeed, your God is One, Lord of the heavens and the earth and that between them and Lord of the sunrises.(Surah as-Saaffaat 1-5) 2) Oaths to underline that the Quran is a divine revelation. “Then I swear by the setting of the stars, and indeed, it is an oath – if you could know – [most] great. Indeed, it is a noble Qur’an.” (Surah al-Waqi’ah 75-77) 3) Oaths to underscore the authenticity of the prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). Allah says, “Ya, Seen. By the wise Qur’an. Indeed you, [O Muhammad], are from among the messengers, On a straight path.” 4) Oaths to add weight to the reality of the reckoning in the Hereafter and the undeniable outcome of it. Allah says, “By those [winds] scattering [dust] dispersing. And those [clouds] carrying a load [of water]. And those [ships] sailing with ease. And those [angels] apportioning [each] matter. Indeed, what you are promised is true. And indeed, the recompense is to occur.” (Adh-Dhaariyaat 1-6) 5) Oaths to emphasise the state of man. Allah says, “By the horses that gallop, panting, and the producers of sparks [when] striking. And the chargers at dawn, stirring up thereby [clouds of] dust, arriving thereby in the centre collectively, Indeed mankind, to his Lord, is ungrateful.” (Surah al-‘Adiyaat 1-6) Source: DarulFiqh