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Saracen21stC posted a topic in News RoomEgypt court bans Muslim Brotherhood's political wing There has been a violent crackdown on the Brotherhood and the FJP since last August A court in Egypt has dissolved the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the Muslim Brotherhood's political wing. The ruling will effectively prevent the banned Islamist movement from formally participating in parliamentary elections expected later this year. The government declared the Brotherhood a terrorist group in December. It was accused of orchestrating a wave of violence to destabilise the country after the military overthrew President Mohammed Morsi in July 2013. The Brotherhood has denied any connection to the jihadist militants based in the Sinai Peninsula who have killed hundreds of security personnel. At the same time, more than 1,400 people have been killed and 16,000 detained in a crackdown by the authorities on Mr Morsi's supporters. President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, a former military chief who was elected head of state in May, has vowed to wipe out the group. Analysis: Sally Nabil, BBC Arabic, Cairo Dissolving the Freedom and justice Party (FJP) was expected. The political wing of the banned Muslim Brotherhood movement can no longer compete in the next parliamentary elections, expected to be held before the end of this year. Its members can run either as individual candidates or form a new political party. But the latter is highly unlikely, given the severity of the crackdown on the Brotherhood. The FJP's legal team strongly criticised Saturday's verdict, saying that it is politicised and is meant to serve the goals of the current regime. There was no longer a place for pluralism in Egypt, it said. According to the new constitution, no party can be formed on a religious basis. Assets confiscated Saturday's ruling by the Cairo Administrative Court came after a report by its advisory panel that noted the FJP's leaders had been accused, and in some cases convicted, of murder and inciting violence. A police investigation found the party's headquarters and offices had been used to store weapons, it said. Mohammed Morsi, a former chairman of the FJP, is facing four separate criminal trials on various charges The court ordered that the FJP's assets be handed to the state. The case was prompted by a complaint by the government's Committee of Political Parties Affairs, which accused the FJP of "irregularities". The FJP was founded in 2011 following the uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak from power. It went on to dominate the subsequent elections for the lower and upper houses of parliament - Egypt's first democratic polls in six decades. But in June 2012 the Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) ruled that the vote for the lower house, the People's Assembly, had been unconstitutional and it was dissolved. The upper house, the Shura Council, was dissolved by the SCC shortly after Mr Morsi was ousted in July 2013, and ceased to exist after the constitution was amended in January. Mr Morsi, a former FJP chairman, is currently facing four separate criminal trials on various charges. Several other Brotherhood leaders, as well as hundreds of members, have been sentenced to death. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-28722935
Saracen21stC posted a topic in News RoomOpposition protesters in Egypt have clashed with members of the governing Muslim Brotherhood in several towns, leaving scores of people injured. In Cairo, the protesters ransacked one Brotherhood office, while in Mahalla in the Nile Delta the Islamist movement's headquarters was set on fire. Riot police fired tear gas as the two sides pelted each other with stones. Egypt has been rocked by violent protests this year, which have left dozens dead and many more injured. Divided country On Friday, several thousand activists supporters marched to Cairo's Mokattam area to face Brotherhood supporters and police guarding the movement's headquarters. Clashes erupted soon afterwards, and the riot police had to use tear gas to keep the two sides apart. Two buses owned by the Islamists were reportedly set on fire. "We came to the stronghold of the Brotherhood. No more protests in front of the presidential palace because those ruling Egypt are here,'' protester Hamat Awat was quoted as saying by the Associated Press news agency. Meanwhile, Brotherhood offices were ransacked by protesters in another part of Cairo and also in the second-largest city Alexandria. In Mahalla, petrol bombs were thrown at the Islamist office, setting the building on fire, the state-run Mena news agency reported. A number of Brotherhood supporters said they had arrived from neighbouring towns to protect their movement. The Brotherhood has recently seen several of its officers attacked across the country in protests against President Mohammed Morsi, the Islamist candidate who won last June's elections. The secular opposition accuses Mr Morsi of seeking to usurp power - a charge he denies.
Saracen21stC posted a topic in Political FrontMuslim Brotherhood's Mursi declared Egypt president Mohammed Mursi is declared the winner of Egypt's presidential election Egypt votes Election results Future hangs in the balance Country at a crossroads Voices from Cairo The Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Mursi has been declared the winner of Egypt's presidential election run-off. He won 51.73% of the vote, beating former PM Ahmed Shafiq, the Higher Presidential Election Commission said. The head of the panel of judges, Farouq Sultan, said it had upheld some of the 466 complaints by the candidates, but that the election result still stood. The announcement prompted scenes of jubilation in Cairo's Tahrir Square, where Mr Mursi's supporters gathered. They have been maintaining a vigil there for days in protest at the series of decrees by the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (Scaf) which they say are designed to reduce or constrain the power of the president, and entrench the power of the military. 'Campaigns of scepticism' Supporters of Mr Shafiq had also been holding a rally in the capital's northern suburb of Nasser City, home of the headquarters of the election commission.Continue reading the main story Profile: Mohammed Mursi Live updates: Egypt election result Judge Sultan began the news conference by saying the declaration of the result had been "marred by tension and a bad atmosphere". "The commission applied the law when it looked into the ballots. There is nothing above the law," he asserted. The judge then dismissed what he said had been the two most serious complaints of electoral violations - that some ballots had been printed with the name of one candidate already ticked, and that Christians had been prevented from voting in a village in Minya governorate. He then spent several minutes announcing minor amendments to the vote tallies before suddenly revealing that Mr Mursi had won 13,230,131 votes, compared with Mr Shafiq's total of 12,347,380, or 48.27%. The turnout in last weekend voting was 51.58%, he added. Military power As Judge Sultan announced the victory of Mr Mursi, who is chairman of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), huge cheers erupted in Tahrir Square. Tens of thousands of his supporters, as well as those of ultra-conservative Salafist groups, had gathered there to listen to the result on big screens. Troops were deployed outside the offices of the Higher Presidential Election Commission Many had camped out overnight to protest against what Islamists, secularists and youth activists have denounced as a military coup. On 13 June, the justice ministry gave soldiers the right to arrest civilians for trial in military courts until the ratification of a new constitution. The Scaf then issued a decree on Friday dissolving parliament in line with a Supreme Constitutional Court ruling that the law on elections to the lower house was invalid because party members had been allowed to contest seats reserved for independents. Two days later, just as the polls were closing in the run-off, the generals issued an interim constitutional declaration that granted them legislative powers and reinforced their role in the drafting of a permanent constitution. The military was also exempted from civilian oversight. Then on Monday, the head of the Scaf, Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi, announced the re-establishment of a National Defence Council, putting the generals in charge of Egypt's national security policy. The generals have vowed to hand over power to the new president by 30 June, but their decision to dissolve parliament means he could take office without the oversight of a sitting legislature and without a permanent constitution to define his powers or duties. Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk.../world-18571580