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Had-y is The animals driven to the Haram (at Makkah) for sacrifice, whether as a means of getting closer to Allah, or since it is obligatory as the haajj is performing either Hajj tamattu’ or Qiran, or for the reason of Ihsar (obstruction or prevention from completing Hajj or ‘Umrah or both of them when they are performed together.) Types of Had-y 1- Had-y for Tamattu’ and al-Qiran It is compulsory for the pilgrim observing Tamattu’ or Qiran Hajj to offer a Had-y, and this is either a sheep, one-seventh of a camel, or one-seventh of a cow. If he cannot afford it, then he fasts for ten days: three in Hajj and seven when he returns home. This obligation is in fact for those that are non-residents of Makkah. If he is a resident then neither a Had-y nor fasting is compulsory on him. Allah said: ”… and whosoever performs the ‘Umrah in the month of Hajj, before performing the Hajj, he must slaughter a Had-y such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should fast three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return, making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at the Haram Masjid (i.e. non-resident of Makkah)” (al-Baqarah: 196). 2- Had-yut-Tatawwu’: Voluntary Hady This is offered by the pilgrim on Hajju-Ifrad (Hajj alone) or ‘Umrah voluntarily; or what is offered by a pilgrim on Hajjut-Tamattu’ and Hajjul-Qiran in addition to the obligatory one; or that which one who is not performing the pilgrimage sends to Makkah as an offering to be slaughtered as a means of getting closer to Allah. The Prophet ﷺ sacrificed a hundred badana (camels for sacrifice.) [ Source: Al-Bukhari.] Voluntary Had-y and that of Tamattu’ and al-Qiran: It is permissible for its owner to eat from it; rather it is recommended to eat of the voluntary Had-y as was practiced by the Prophet ﷺ, as he ﷺ ordered a piece from every camel (which he had slaughtered) to be cooked, and he drank from its broth.” [ Source: At-Tirmidhi.] 3- Had-yul-Ihsaar (Had-y due to Hindrance) Al-Ihsar is an obstruction or prevention from completing Hajj or ‘Umrah, or both of them when they are performed together. Whosoever assumes Ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah and was prevented by an enemy from entering the House (Ka’bah), or was afflicted by a condition that made him unable to enter the House, he must slaughter the offering in the place he was hindered, and then become disengaged from his Ihram. Allah says: “But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Had-y animal.” (al-Baqarah: 196). A Had-y of hindrance is a sheep, one-seventh of a camel or one-seventh of a cow. source: islamkingdom
1- Bathing and perfuming before assuming Ihram. 2- Wearing a wrapper (garment) and cover cloth which are white. 3- Saying the Talbiyah, starting when assuming Ihram and continuing until stoning Jamaratul aqabah. 4- The arrival circumambulation for those performing Ifrad or Hajj al-Qiraan. 5- Raml in the first three rounds during the arrival circumambulation. 6- Observing al-Idh’tiba’ during the circumambulation of arrival, and this is done by passing the cover cloth under the right armpit and placing the ends of the cloth on one’s left shoulder. 7- Spending the eve of Arafah at Mina. 8- Kissing the Black Stone. 9- Praying Maghrib and Isha’ prayers merged and advanced at Muzdalifah. 10- Staying at Al-Mash’ar Al-Haram (the revered landmark) in Muzdalifa from Fajr until sunrise, if possible, otherwise it is acceptable to stay at any place in Muzdalifah. Source: islamkingdom
Umrah in the context of Shari‘ahIt means to visit the revered House at any time to observe specific religious rites. The ruling about ‘Umrah and its virtues To perform ‘Umrah is obligatory once in a lifetime, just like Hajj. The Prophet ﷺ said; “Islam is for you to bear witness that there is no deity worthy of our worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to observe Salat, pay Zakat, perform Hajj and ‘Umrah, take the ritual bath after it is due, perfect the ablution, and fast during the month of Ramadan (Saum).” [ Agreed upon.]Furthermore the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said; “One ‘Umrah to another ‘Umrah is an expiation for what occurs between them (i.e. sins); and Hajj Mabrur (an accepted pilgrimage) does not have a reward other than paradise.” [ Agreed upon.] SOURCE:islamkingdom