Jump to content
Islamic Forum

Recommended Posts

Assalamualaikum all

 

Obsessive compulsive disorder(OCD) is a very common psychiatric condition,over the last few years Ive come to realise the high prevalence of OCD in our Muslim community, many scholars describe it as 'whisperings of Satan',and do not encourage medical treatment.

from my own experiences, i believe it is a mental condition,but Satan uses the nature of the disease to create doubts in the sufferers mind during wudhu,ghusl and prayer.

so the patient should definitely seek medical treatment and at the same time recognise that all illnesses come from Allah,and understand that Allah is testing him/her ...(Allah knows best)....

''Allah tests those whom He loves''

the following is an excellent article for Muslims suffering from the disease,

please forward this to as many brothers and sisters as u can,as OCD is a very common condition and most people do not openly admit to suffering from it out of embarrassment,

may Allah make it easy for us all ....Ameen

take care all

umar.

 

OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER

 

It has been noted by some of the counsellors from our Cyber Counsellor service that there seems to be a growing number of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) cases surfacing amongst the Muslim communities around the world. This article is intended to provide some information about OCD to those who are suffering from this disorder. As such, the symptoms of this disorder, some contributing factors, and some treatment alternatives will be discussed. Both the Western and Islamic perspectives will be presented.

Definition and Description

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is characterised by unabated recurrent thoughts and images that are invariably distressing because they are violent, loathsome, threatening, or obscene in nature. They are recognised as the individual's own thoughts, even though they are involuntary and often repugnant. They are largely out of the person's control and often, the more the person tries to resist them, the worse they become. These unwanted thoughts generally produce a very high amount of anxiety. This is the obsessive component of the disorder.These thoughts lead a person to engage in behaviours that will relieve the anxiety or threat. Since the thoughts are recurrent, the resultant defencive behaviour is also repetitive. For example, if the obsessions are about catching germs or becoming unclean, the person frequently washes himself/herself. If the obsessions are about personal safety and security, the person engages in repeatedly checking the doors and locks his/her house. These repetitive behaviours take up so much time from their daily life that they become unable to live normally. Paradoxically, the more they engage in these defencive behaviors, the more they are attacked by these obsessions. Thus, the obsession, followed by the compulsion, becomes such a vicious cycle that one cannot easily break out of it.Here is a case example that illustrates the nature of this disorder and how it renders a person totally helpless and dysfunctional. The person states:

I always feel that there is urine on my clothes so I feel unclean (napak) and keep checking my clothes to see if they are wet. I keep changing my clothes. I always feel that if I step on something wet and my feet get wet, then it is urine. If I burp, cough, then throw up, I think that my clothes are now dirty and I feel unclean; so I change my clothes and keep washing my mouth. When I make wudu’ (ablutions), I keep thinking it is not done right. When I do salah (ritual Prayer), I keep thinking that my hands are dirty because my mind keeps telling me that I have touched my private parts and so I am unclean; so I keep washing my hands. The same thing happens when I recite Qur’an. When I drive, I keep wiping my hands with damp tissues because I feel my hands are dirty. When I cook, I keep washing my hands because, again, I keep thinking that I have touched my private parts and have become unclean. I always carry tissues in my hands so I know I did not touch my private parts. I put safety pins on my dress to hold my dress down to ensure that I don't touch my private parts. Because of the fear of throwing up, I have started putting tissues in my mouth, so I don’t throw up. I know all of these things are weird, but if I don’t do it, I feel scared and unclean and very anxious. I feel that I am crazy, my husband and kids think so too. I try to stop thinking about these feelings, but they keep getting stronger, so I give in to the washing so the feelings will go away, but they keep coming back.

From an Islamic perspective, these unwanted thoughts are called wasawis (plural of waswasah), which are whispered into the minds and hearts of people by Ash-Shaytan (Satan). We find evidence of this in the holy Qur’an and hadith. Allah says,

[Then Shaytan whispered suggestions to them both, in order to uncover that which was hidden from them of their private parts"] (Al-A`raf 7:20).

[Then Shaytan whispered to him saying, 'O Adam! Shall I lead you to the tree of eternity and to a kingdom that will never waste away?] (Ta-Ha 20:120).

[say: 'I seek refuge with Allah, the Lord of mankind, the King of mankind the God of mankind, from the evil of the whispers of the Devil, who whispers in the hearts of men] (An-Nas 114:1-4).

And the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Allah's Apostle said, “Shaytan comes to one of you and says, ‘Who created so-and-so and so-and-so?’ till he says, ‘Who has created your Lord?’ So, when he inspires such a question, one should seek refuge with Allah and give up such thoughts†(Al-Bukhari and Muslim).These waswawis play a significant role in many mental disorders that involve anxiety and cognitive distortions.

To a lesser degree, these obsessions and compulsions result in what is known as Obsessive Personality Disorder. A person suffering from this disorder shows peculiar idiosyncrasies. For example, he/she might be quite particular about a specific way of maintaining cleanliness, or washing dishes, or wearing clothes, or making their beds, or doing their work. If things are not done exactly in that way, they become quite annoyed and frustrated. Some end up being perfectionists; they are hard to satisfy. They have very high expectations of themselves and others, and become very disappointed, frustrated, and annoyed if those high expectations are not met.

Causes and Contributing Factors

Recurring thoughts about catching germs, being unclean, and questioning one's faith appear to be the most common forms amongst Muslim men and women. The fear of catching germs and being unclean are most often found among women. Although globally the incidence of OCD appears to be about equal between men and women, in my practice with Muslim clients, I see more women seeking help than men; or it could be that Muslim women suffer from OCD more than men.The definite causes of OCD remain elusive. Genetics, some physical disorders, and environmental factors have been presumed to contribute to this disorder. Although there is no clear genetic evidence, OCD tends to run in families. A person with OCD has a 25 percent chance of having a blood relative who has it. In my practice, I have found that a person's sexual and interpersonal history may also be contributing factors.Often, people suffering from OCD also end up suffering from depression, a lack of self-esteem and self confidence, very weak willpower, relationship problems, and social withdrawal.Before a treatment plan can be devised, a thorough clinical assessment is required to determine the nature and severity of the symptoms and the possible causes and contributing factors.Let's look at a case example that exemplifies the influence of environmental factors in OCD.

I remember that after my son died, I decided that I will be a better Muslim. I looked at the most religious person that I knew. It was my mother-in-law. This person is on the prayer mat all the time—always praying, always fasting. So, I thought that she was a good example. I started thinking about the ways in which she does things and that's because she was so religious, so I thought she must be right. I started to see the behavior that she had towards things. She would not let anyone touch her things, which made me think we were not clean enough. If I washed something like a spoon or pots, then she would wash that item again three times. So I started thinking that everything had to be washed three times to be clean. So I started doing the same thing. Even before my son had died, I was “normal.†My mother-in-law does not put her clothes in the washing machine with ours, hers had to be washed separately. My husband even got her a separate basket for her clothes. Looking at her behavior, I thought that I was not clean enough. So, I began to be like her so that I would go to Jannah and see my son again.

From an Islamic perspective, these wasawis are meant to weaken the will and beliefs of a person. Let us look at some of the verses from the holy Qur’an in this respect.

[O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in Paradise and eat thereof as you both wish, but approach not this tree, otherwise you both would be of the transgressors. Then Shaytan whispered suggestions to them both in order to uncover that which was hidden from them of their private parts before. He said, 'Your Lord did not forbid you this tree save you should become angels or become of the immortals.’ And he swore by Allah to them both saying, 'Verily, I am one of the sincere well-wishers for you both] (Al-A`raf 7:19-21).

Let us also look at a couple of hadith.`Uthman ibn Abu Al-`Aas reported that he went to Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) and said, “Allah's Messenger, A shaytan intervenes between me and my prayer and my reciting of the Qur’an and he confounds me.†Thereof, Allah's Messenger said, “That is (the doing of shaytan) who is known as Khinzab, and when you perceive its effect, seek refuge with Allah from it ands pit three times to your left.†“I did that, and Allah dispelled him from me." (Muslim).`Urwah ibn Zubair narrated from `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that one night the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) left her during the night and went out. `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said that she felt envious. When he returned, he found her in deep thought. He asked, "What happened to you O `A’ishah? Did your shaytan overpower you?†`A’ishah said, “O Prophet of Allah! Why would a woman like me be envious over a man like you? Is there a shaytan with me, O Prophet of Allah?†He responded, “Yes.†She asked, “Is there a shaytan with everyone?†He replied, “Yes.†She said, “Even with you, O Prophet of Allah?†He responded, “Yes, with me also, but Allah has made him obedient to me†(Muslim).

All human beings suffer from the wasawis, regardless of age, sex, faith, or creed. However, the nature, content, severity, and influence of these wasawis varies from one person to the other. For some, they only cause mild anxiety and worry, while others are more severely affected to the point of becoming spiritually, mentally, emotionally, psychologically, and socially paralyzed. In my experience, age, faith, family, sexual and religious history all play a significant role in determining the nature and content of these wasawis; while the severity and impact are determined by the pre-morbid spiritual, emotional, and psychological maturity of a person.

Treatment

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders are treatable. Several treatment modalities have been traditionally used in the treatment of OCD, including drug therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and relaxation exercises in various combinations, depending upon the nature, the severity, and the history.Most of the drugs used to treat OCD are antidepressants. These drugs have variable effectiveness in the control of the symptoms of OCD and depression. Apparently, these drugs do not completely stop the obsessive thoughts or the compulsive behavior, but reduce the related anxiety and depression, so reducing the felt severity of the disorder. So, they manage the severity of the symptoms, but do not seem to get rid of them. This is why drug treatment is generally used in conjunction with psychological therapies.Psychological therapies, on the other hand, attempt to help the client understand the root, the dynamics, and the possible contributing factors. The stress and anxiety are treated with relaxation exercises. Faulty beliefs arising out of the obsessions and leading to compulsions are examined. Here is a case example.

In the Qur’an, there is a verse that says, “And Allah loves those who purify themselves.†Also, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Purity is half the iman.†So I keep thinking that I must keep myself clean or I am not good enough.

With relaxation, education, and cognitive behavior therapy, the person is gradually guided in correcting the faulty beliefs. Past traumas (like sexual/physical abuse) and unsavory conduct and lifestyles of the past that may be responsible for severe guilt leading to OCD, are dealt with. Appropriate home assignments are given to promote new and healthy thought process and beliefs. And, over a period of time, the obsessive thoughts and the compulsive behaviors begin to decrease.In cases where the symptoms of OCD are so severe that they render the person completely dysfunctional and lacking control over the thought processes, psychological therapies by themselves are not often very effective. In such cases, drug therapy is combined with psychological therapies to initially reduce the anxiety and depression and then followed by counseling and therapy.

From an Islamic perspective, where Allah Most High has given Ash-Shaytan the power to inject his poisonous whispers into the minds and hearts of the people, He has also guided mankind to defend themselves from these whispers. We find in the holy Qur’an

[so when you intend to recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan, the outcast. Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allah). His power is over those who obey and follow him (Shaytan) and those who join partners with Allah] (An-Nahl 16:99-100).

[And deceive among them those whom you can with your voice. Verily! On my true servants, you would have no authority. Sufficient is your Lord as a guardian] (An-Nahl 17:64–65).

[And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allah), We appoint for him Shaytan to be his intimate companion] (Az-Zukhruf 43:36).

And the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said

“Allah Most High has forgiven the wasawis that arises in the hearts of the people of my nation until one acts upon them or talks about them" (Al-Bukhari, Muslim).

In summary then, if one lives by his faith according to the guidance provided by the Creator, seeks Allah's protection from devils, does not keep talking about or give into these obsessions, and protects one’s mind and heart from the evil effects of these offensive, threatening, or obsessive thoughts, one will gain the strength to keep them under control.

While treating a believing client, combining these teachings of Islam with modern treatments of OCD has been found to be extremely valuable, effective, and efficient. However, it loses its effect if the therapist and/or the client does not believe in these teachings or is unwilling to live by his faith.

Allah Knows Best.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
PropellerAds

I've never been diagnosed with OCD. But I'm sure have OCD-like traits, if not OCD itself. I have recurrent thoughts all the time about many things, usually scary things, and the more I want them to go away the more it just sits there in my head. It doesn't happen all the time to a severe extent. I used to have it a lot as a kid as fear of the dark and fear of night-time. I'd fix my bed over and over and over and get so tired, but I continue to do it.... And things like that.

 

OCD-like traits also cause me to question my faith, sometimes when I know the answer already rationally, but I still keep on questioning it for no reason, and this can lead to anxiety and depression sometimes.

 

I also have repetitive quirks, like moving the mouse in circular symmetrical geometric patterns on the screen, over and over and over. Cracking my knuckles and doing it symmetrically for both hands. Sometimes if my foot or hand brushes against something, I get the urge to do the exact same thing to do it with my opposite hand or foot with the same intensity to "balance it out". Weird, but true :sl:

 

My OCD-traits also keep me focused on a problem even if I'm not progressing on it. I have to really force myself to forget about the problem and come back to it later with a fresh mind. This happens a lot when I'm programming and run into a bug I just cannot fix.

 

I would not like to get treatment for it because it doesn't have any significant negative effects on me. Without these traits in my personality I wouldn't be the knowledge-seeking constantly inquistive person I am today and I thank Allah SWT for that. My will power is usually strong to overcome the urges if they start turning detrimental.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
I've never been diagnosed with OCD. But I'm sure have OCD-like traits, if not OCD itself. I have recurrent thoughts all the time about many things, usually scary things, and the more I want them to go away the more it just sits there in my head. It doesn't happen all the time to a severe extent. I used to have it a lot as a kid as fear of the dark and fear of night-time. I'd fix my bed over and over and over and get so tired, but I continue to do it.... And things like that.

 

OCD-like traits also cause me to question my faith, sometimes when I know the answer already rationally, but I still keep on questioning it for no reason, and this can lead to anxiety and depression sometimes.

 

I also have repetitive quirks, like moving the mouse in circular symmetrical geometric patterns on the screen, over and over and over. Cracking my knuckles and doing it symmetrically for both hands. Sometimes if my foot or hand brushes against something, I get the urge to do the exact same thing to do it with my opposite hand or foot with the same intensity to "balance it out". Weird, but true :sl:

 

My OCD-traits also keep me focused on a problem even if I'm not progressing on it. I have to really force myself to forget about the problem and come back to it later with a fresh mind. This happens a lot when I'm programming and run into a bug I just cannot fix.

 

I would not like to get treatment for it because it doesn't have any significant negative effects on me. Without these traits in my personality I wouldn't be the knowledge-seeking constantly inquistive person I am today and I thank Allah SWT for that. My will power is usually strong to overcome the urges if they start turning detrimental.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

salaam

 

the traits that u have mentioned are perfectly normal and very common,they are not obsessive at all.

when obsessions and compulsions start taking over ones life and prevents them leading a normal life thats when one must seek medical treatment.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Let's bore children to death and call them healthy. No games, no anything. School system no problem with that, if it can not follow, maybe it's ocd. anger

 

you learn Qur'an with heart., not by force. If you have a clue, you can make it interesting. Otherwise you don't tell children about executive Ayat and wonder why they can not understand. You don't pull them with boredom and voidness. Secterian emptiness and ugly acting on religion. Islam is alive. It's Allah alone, not scholarly opinions. Allah alone. Allah alone means now. What does Allah want now from you. Void recitation is wrong.

Edited by Abu Turab

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Allah alone. The world is wrong. Everyone in the world is wrong. Did Allah say? Or not?

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

OCD is what results of misinformation.

 

The hand doesn't give own bacteria or any bacteria. Stop seeing moisture and think it's something living under the microscope. There is milk acid which is soap and which is sweat and end. Sweat is soap.

 

Any more? Body disfunction? You need Nutrition.

 

Malnutrition = Kuffar lies, salad and no milk

 

Water for washing suffices

Edited by Abu Turab

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Wow , OCD is all that huh ? Truth is , it is not Satan , it is a pattern of thinking , formed usually by a past trauma. OCD comes in many harmless forms , such as compulsively cleaning your house over and over , insisting things be strictly arranged in your cupboard , or driving and thinking you have run over someone or something and going back to look . It is dangerous when a person starts harming himself , like obsessive scrubbing of the body for cleanliness , or obsessive scratching imagining something is crawling on your body. 

 All these are treatable , they are machinations of the mind which everyone experiences, but when they can not be controlled then they are termed OCD. When they become a problem, is when one should seek treatment by a psychologist.

 

As for bacteria , they live on and inside your body . They are beneficial in most cases if they stay where they belong. Washing of hands is a necessity if one will handle and place food in the mouth , and that is because whatever the hand touches has foreign bacteria , that may be harmful and can survive simple washing.

 

The body of Medical Knowledge is not " kuffar lies ", it encompasses centuries of knowledge and experience from around the world. It is proven science . It saves lives everyday.

Edited by ECLIPSE

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Magicians obsession is the first. One can not see correctly.

 

 

As for bacteria , they live on and inside your body . They are beneficial in most cases if they stay where they belong. Washing of hands is a necessity if one will handle and place food in the mouth , and that is because whatever the hand touches has foreign bacteria , that may be harmful and can survive simple washing.

congrats. OCD helper. Under the microscope. "We the church have" extremist absolutist. blind follower.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Try to be coherent in your reply Abu Turab , since you make no sense. People with medical and psychological problems rely on science and medicine to  recover , not magic or witchcraft.

 Next time you're sick , I'd like to see where you go for help. :yes:

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

So you don't use soap eh Abu Turab ?   They must love you in a crowded bus or train carriage !!! :lol:

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now


×