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The Prophet (peace Be Upon Him), Attributes And Manners

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THE PROPHET (Peace be upon him), ATTRIBUTES AND MANNERS

 

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) combined both perfection of creation and perfection of manners.

This impression on people can be deduced by the bliss that overwhelmed their hearts and filled them

with dignity. Men’s dignity, devotion and estimation of the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him)

were unique and matchless. No other man in the whole world has been so honoured and beloved.

Those who knew him well, were fascinated and enchanted by him. They were ready to sacrifice their

lives for the sake of saving a nail of his from hurt or injury. Being privileged by lots of prerogatives of

perfection that no one else had been endowed with, his Companions found that he was peerless and so

they loved him.

 

Here we list a brief summary of the versions about his beauty and perfection. To encompass all which

is, addmittedly, beyond our power.

 

BEAUTY OF CREATION:

 

Describing the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him), who passed by her tent on his journey of

migration, Umm Ma‘bad Al-Khuza‘iyah said to her husband:

l “He was innocently bright and had broad countenance. His manners were fine. Neither was his

belly bulging out nor was his head deprived of hair. He had black attractive eyes finely arched by

continuous eyebrows. His hair glossy and black, inclined to curl, he wore long. His voice was

extremely commanding. His head was large, well formed and set on a slender neck. His

expression was pensive and contemplative, serene and sublime. The stranger was fascinated

from the distance, but no sooner he became intimate with him than this fascination was changed

into attachment and respect. His expression was very sweet and distinct. His speech was well set

and free from the use of superfluous words, as if it were a rosary of beads. His stature was

neither too high nor too small to look repulsive. He was a twig amongst the two, singularly bright

and fresh. He was always surrounded by his Companions. Whenever he uttered something, the

listeners would hear him with rapt attention and whenever he issued any command, they vied

with each other in carrying it out. He was a master and a commander. His utterances were

marked by truth and sincerity, free from all kinds of falsehoods and lies.”

‘Ali bin Abi Talib describing him said: “The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was neither

excessively tall nor extremely short. He was medium height among his friends. His hair was neither

curly nor wavy. It was in between. It was not too curly nor was it plain straight. It was both curly and

wavy combined. His face was not swollen or meaty-compact. It was fairly round. His mouth was white.

He had black and large eyes with long haired eyelids. His joints (limbs) and shoulder joints were rather

big. He had a rod-like little hair extending from his chest down to his navel, but the rest of his body was

almost hairless. He had thick hand palms and thick fingers and toes. At walking, he lifted his feet off

the ground as if he had been walking in a muddy remainder of water. When he turned, he turned all.

The Prophethood Seal was between his shoulders. He is the Seal of Prophets, the most generous and

the bravest of all.

 

His speech was the most reliable. He was the keenest and the most attentive to people’s trust and was

very careful to pay people’s due in full. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was the most tractable and

the most yielding companion, seeing him unexpectedly you fear him and venerate him. He who has

acquaintance with him will like him. He who describes him says:

 

l ‘I have never seen such a person neither before nor after seeing him.’

 

Jabir bin Samurah reported that Allâh’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) had a broad face with reddish

(wide) eyes and leanheels.

 

Abu At-Tufail said: “He was white, good-looking. He was neither fat nor thin; neither tall nor short.”

Anas bin Malik said: “He had unfolded hands and was pink-coloured. He was neither white nor brown.

He was rather whitish. In both his head and beard there were as many as twenty grey hairs, besides

some grey hairs at his temples.” In another version: “and some scattered white hairs in his head.”

Abu Juhaifa said: “I have seen some grey colour under his lower lip.” Al-Bara’ said: “He was of medium

height, broad-shouldered, his hair went up to his earlobes. I saw him dressed in a red garment and I

(assure you) I have never seen someone more handsome. At first he used to let his hair loose so as to

be in compliance with the people of the Book; but later on he used to part it.”

 

Al-Bara’ also said: “He had the most handsome face and the best character.” When he was asked: “Was

the Messenger’s face sword-like?” “No,” he said: “it was moon-like.” But in another version: he said,

“His face was round.” Ar-Rabi‘ bint Muawwidh said: “Had you seen him, you would have felt that the

sun was shining.” Jabir bin Samurah said, “I saw him at one full-moony night. I looked at him. He was

dressed in a red garment. I compared him with the moon and found that — for me — he was better

than the moon.”

 

Abu Huraira said: “I have never seen a thing nicer than the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him). It

seems as if the sunlight were moving within his face. I have never seen one who is faster in pace than

the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him). It seemed as if the earth had folded itself up to shorten

the distance for him. For we used to wear ourselves out while he was at full ease.”

Ka‘b bin Malik said: “When he was pleased, his face would shine with so bright light that you would

believe that it was a moon-piece.” Once he sweated hot at ‘Aishah’s, and the features of his face

twinkled; so I recited a poem by Abu Kabeer Al-Hudhali:

 

l “If you watch his face-features, you will see them twinkling like the lightning of an approaching

rain.”

 

Whenever Abu Bakr saw him he would say:

 

l “He is faithful, chosen (by Allâh), and calls for forgiveness. He shines like a full-moon light when

it is far from dark (clouds).”

 

‘Umar used to recite verses by Zuhair describing Haram bin Sinan:

 

l “Were you other than a human being, you would be a lighted moon at a full-moon night.”

 

Then he would add: “Thus was the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) .

 

When he got angry his face would go so red that you would think it were “an inflected red skin-spot

with pomegranate grains on both cheeks.”

 

Jabir bin Samurah said: “His legs were gentle, delicate and in conformity. His laughter is no more than

smiling. Looking at him will make you say ‘He is black-eyed though he is not so.’”

 

Ibn Al-‘Abbas said: “His two front teeth were splitted so whenever he speaks, light goes through them.

His neck was as pure and silvery as a neck of doll. His eyelids were long haired but his beard was thick.

His forehead was broad; but his eyebrows were like the metal piece attached to a lance, but they were

unhorned. His nose was high-tipped, middle-cambered with narrow nostrils. His cheeks were plain, but

he had (little hair) running down like a rod from his throat to his navel. He had hair neither on his

abdomen nor on his chest except some on his arms and shoulders. His chest was broad and flatted. He

had long forearms with expansive palms of the hand. His legs were plain straight and stretching down.

His other limbs were straight too. The two hollows of his soles hardly touch the ground. When he walks

away he vanishes soon; but he walks at ease (when he is not in a hurry). The way he walks seems

similar to one who is leaning forwards and is about to fall down.”

 

Anas said: “I have never touched silk or a silky garment softer than the palm of the Prophet’s (Peace be

upon him); nor have I smelt a perfume or any scent nicer than his.” In another version, “I have never

smelt ambergris nor musk nor any other thing sweeter than the scent and the smell of the Messenger

of Allâh (Peace be upon him).”

 

Abu Juhaifa said: “I took his hand and put it on my head and I found that it was colder than ice and

better scented than the musk perfume.”

 

Jabir bin Samurah — who was a little child then — said: “When he wiped my cheek, I felt it was cold

and scented as if it had been taken out of a shop of a perfume workshop.”

 

Anas said, “His sweat was pearl-like.” Umm Sulaim said: “His sweat smelt nicer than the nicest

perfume.”

 

Jabir said: “Whoever pursues a road that has been trodden by the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon

him), will certainly scent his smell and will be quite sure that the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon

him) has already passed it.” The Seal of Prophethood, which was similar in size to a pigeon’s egg, was

between his shoulders on the left side having spots on it like moles.

 

THE PERFECTION OF SOUL AND NOBILITY:

 

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was noted for superb eloquence and fluency in Arabic. He was

remarkable in position and rank. He was an accurate, unpretending straightforward speaker. He was

well-versed in Arabic and quite familiar with the dialects and accents of every tribe. He spoke with his

entertainers using their own accents and dialects. He mastered and was quite eloquent at both bedouin

and town speech. So he had the strength and eloquence of bedouin language as well as the clarity and

the decorated splendid speech of town. Above all, there was the assistance of Allâh embodied in the

revealed verses of the Qur’ân.

 

His stamina, endurance and forgiveness — out of a commanding position — his patience and standing

what he detested — these were all talents, attributes and qualities Allâh Himself had brought him on.

Even wise men have their flaws, but the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him), unlike everybody, the

more he was hurt or injured, the more clement and patient he became. The more insolence an ignorant

anybody exercised against him the more enduring he became.

‘Aishah said:

 

l “The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) , whenever he is given the opportunity to choose

between two affairs, he always chooses the easiest and the most convenient. But if he is certain

that it is sinful, he will be as far as he could from it. He has never avenged himself; but when the

sanctity of Allâh is violated he would. That would be for Allâh’s not for himself. He is the last one

to get angry and the first to be satisfied. His hospitality and generosity were matchless. His gifts

and endowments manifest a man who does not fear poverty.”

 

Ibn‘Abbas said: “The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was the most generous. He is usually most generous

of all times in Ramadan, the times at which the angel Gabriel (Peace be upon him) comes to see him.

Gabriel used to visit him every night of Ramadan and review the Qur’ân with him. Verily the Messenger

of Allâh (Peace be upon him) is more generous at giving bounty or charity than the blowing wind.”

Jabir said:

 

“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) would never deny anything he was asked for.”

 

His courage, his succour and his might are distinguishable. He was the most courageous. He witnessed

awkward and difficult times and stoodfast at them. More than once brave men and daring ones fled

away leaving him alone; yet he stood with full composure facing the enemy without turning his back.

All brave men must have experienced fleeing once or have been driven off the battlefield at a round at

a time except the Prophet (Peace be upon him) ‘Ali said: “Whenever the fight grew fierce and the eyes

of fighters went red, we used to resort to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) for succour. He was always

the closest to the enemy.”

 

Anas said: “One night the people of Madinah felt alarmed. People went out hurriedly towards the source

of sound, but the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had already gone ahead of them. He was on the

horseback of Abu Talhah which had no saddle over it, and a sword was slung round his neck, and said

to them: ‘There was nothing to be afraid for.’”

 

He was the most modest and the first one to cast his eyes down. Abu Sa‘îd Al-Khudri : “He was shier

than a virgin in her boudoir. When he hates a thing we read it on his face. He does not stare at

anybody’s face. He always casts his eyes down. He looks at the ground more than he looks sky-wards.

His utmost looks at people are glances. He is willingly and modestly obeyed by everybody. He would

never name a person whom he had heard ill-news about — which he hated. Instead he would say: ‘Why

do certain people do so....’”

 

Al-Farazdaq verse of poem fits him very much and the best one to be said of:

 

l “He casts his eyes modestly but the eyes of others are cast down due to his solemnity, and words

issue out of his mouth only while he is smiling.”

 

The Prophet صلى الله علیه وسلم is the most just, the most decent, the most truthful at speech, and the

honestest of all. Those who have exchanged speech with him, and even his enemies, acknowledge his

noble qualities. Even before the Prophethood he was nicknamed Al-Ameen (i.e. the truthful, the

truthworthy). Even then — in Al-Jahiliyah — they used to turn to him for judgement and consultation.

In a version by At-Tirmidhi, he says that ‘Ali had said that he had been told by Abu Jahl that he (Abu

Jahl) said to the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him): “We do not call you a liar; but we do not

have faith in what you have brought.” In His Book, Allâh, the Exalted, said about them:

l “It is not you that they deny, but it is the Verses (the Qur’ân) of Allâh that the Zalimûn

(polytheists and wrong-doers) deny.” [6:33]

 

Even when Heraclius asked Abu Sufyan: “Have you ever accused him of lying before the ministry of

Prophethood?” Abu Sufyan said: “No.”

 

He was most modest and far from being arrogant or proud. He forbade people to stand up at his

presence as other people usually do for their kings.

 

Visiting the poor, the needy and entertaining them are some of his habits. If a slave invited him, he

would accept the invitation. He always sat among his friends as if he were an ordinary person of them.

‘Aishah said that he used to repair his shoes, sew or mend his dress and to do what ordinary men did in

their houses. After all, he was a human being like others. He used to check his dress (lest it has some

insects on). Milking the she-sheep and catering for himself were some of his normal jobs. The Prophet

(Peace be upon him) was the most truthful to his pledges, and it is one of his qualities to establish good

and steady relationship with his relatives — ‘Silat-Ar-Rahim’. He is the most merciful, gentle and

amiable to all people. His way of living is the simplest one. Ill-manners and indecency are two qualities

completely alien to him. He was decent, and did not call anybody names. He was not the sort of person

who cursed or made noise in the streets. He did not exchange offences with others. He pushed back an

offence or an error by forgiveness and overlooking. Nobody was allowed to walk behind him (i.e. as a

bodyguard). He did not feel himself superior to others not even to his slaves (men or women) as far as

food or clothes were concerned.

 

Whoever served him should be served by him too. ‘Ugh’ (an utterance of complaint) is a word that had

never been said by him to his servant; nor was his servant blamed for doing a thing or leaving it

undone. Loving the poor and the needy and entertaining them or participating in their funerals were

things the Prophet (Peace be upon him) always observed. He never contempted or disgraced a poor

man for his poverty. Once he was travelling with his Companions and when it was time to have food

prepared, he asked them to slaughter a she-sheep. A man said: I will slaughter it, another one said: I

will skin it out. A third said: I will cook it. So the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) said: I will

collect wood for fire. They said: “No. We will suffice you that work.” “I know that you can do it for me,

but I hate to be privileged. Allâh hates to see a slave of his privileged to others.” So he went and

collected fire-wood.

 

Let us have some of the description of Hind bin Abi Halah: “The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon

him) was continually sad, thinking perpetually. He had no rest (i.e. for long). He only spoke when it was

necessary. He would remain silent for a long time and whenever he spoke, he would end his talk with

his jawbone but not out of the corners of his mouth, i.e. (snobbishly). His speech was inclusive. He

spoke inclusively and decisively. It was not excessive nor was it short of meaning. It was amiable. It

was in no way hard discoroning. He glorified the bounty of Allâh; even if it were little. If he had no

liking for someone’s food, he would neither praise nor criticize.

 

He was always in full control of his temper and he would never get seemed angry unless it was

necessary. He never got angry for himself nor did he avenge himself. It was for Allâh’s sanctity and

religion that he always seemed angry.

 

When he pointed at a thing he would do so with his full hand-palm, and he would turn it round to show

surprise. If he were angry he would turn both his body and face aside. When he was pleased, he cast

his eyes down. His laughter was mostly smiling. It was then that his teeth which were like hail-stones

were revealed.

 

He never spoke unless it was something closely relevant to him. He confirmed the brotherhood

relationship among his Companions; and thus he made them intimate and did not separate them or

implant enmity among them. Those who were honourable with their peoples, were honoured and

respected by him and were assigned rulers over their own peoples. His cheerfulness was never

withdrawn at anyone’s face; even at those whom he warned his people from or those whom he himself

was on the alert of. He visited friends and inquired about people’s affairs. He confirmed what was right

and criticized the awful and tried to undermine it. He was moderate in all affairs. He was equal to

others and was not privileged. He would never act heedlessly, lest the others should get heedless. Each

situation was dealt with in its proper due.

 

Righteousness was his target; so he was never short of it nor indifferent to it. People who sat next to

him were the best of their people and the best of them all were — for him — those who provided

common consultations. For him, the greatest ones and the highest in ranks were the best at providing

comfort and co-ordination and succour. Remembrance (of Allâh) was a thing he aimed at and

established whenever he sat down or stands up. No certain position was assigned for him to sit on. He

sits at the end of the group, seated next to the last sitter in the place. He ordered people to do the

same. He entertained his participiants in social gatherings alike so that the one addressed would think

that there was no one honoured by the Prophet (Peace be upon him) but himself. He whoever sat next

to him or interrupted him in order to ask for his advice about an affair of his, would be the first to start

the talk and the one to end it. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) would listen to him patiently till he

ended his speech. He never denied a request to anyone, if unapproachable, then few gratifying words

would work, instead.

 

His magnanimity, broad mindedness his tolerance could embrace all people and entitled him to be

regarded as father for them all. In justice, all of them were almost equal. Nobody was better than

another except on the criterion of Allâh fearing. A favoured one, to him, was the most Allâh fearing. His

assembly was a meeting of clemency, timidness, patience and honesty. Voices were not raised in rows

or riots. Inviolable things were never violable. Fearing Allâh and worship were their means to sympathy

and compassion. They used to esteem the old and have mercy on the young. They assisted the needy

and entertained strangers.

 

The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was always cheerful, easy, pleasant-tempered and lenient.

He was never rude or rough nor clamorous or indecent. He was neither a reproacher nor a praiser. He

overlooked what he did not desire, yet you would never despair of him. Three qualities he disposed of:

hypocrisy, excessiveness, and what was none of his concern. People did not fear him in three area: —

for they were not qualities or habits of his —: He never disparaged, or reproached nor did he seek the

defects or shortages of others. He only spoke things whose reward was Divinely desirable. When he

spoke, his listeners would attentively listen casting down their heads. They only spoke when he was

silent. They did not have disputes or arguments about who was to talk. He who talked in his presence

would be listened to by everybody till he finished his talk. Their talk would be about the topic discussed

or delivered by their first speaker. The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) used to laugh at what

they laughed at and admired what they used to admire. He would always show patience with a

stranger’s harshness at talk. He used to say:

 

l “When you see a person seeking an object earnestly, assist him to get his need. And never ask

for a reward except from the reward-Giver, i.e. Allâh.”

 

Kharijah bin Zaid said: “The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was the most honoured among the people

with whom he sat. His limbs could hardly be seen. He was often silent and rarely talked when speech

was not a necessity. He turned away from those whose speech was rude or impolite. His laughter was

no more than a smile. His speech, which was decisive, it was neither excessive nor incomplete. Out of

reverence and esteem and following the example of their Prophet (Peace be upon him), the

Companions’ laughter at his presence — was smiling, as well.”

 

On the whole the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was ornamented with peerless attributes of perfection.

No wonder to be like that for he was brought up, educated and taught (the Qur’ân) by Allâh. He was

even praised by Allâh:

 

l “And verily, you [O Muhammad (Peace be upon him) ] are on an exalted standard of

character.” [68:4]

 

Those were the attributes and qualities that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) enjoyed which made the

hearts of souls of the people close to him, draw near to him and love him. Those traits made him so

popular that the restraint and enmity of his people grew less and they started to embrace Islam in large

crowds.

 

This description is in fact no more than a rapid review or rather short brief lines of Muhammad’s (Peace

be upon him) aspects of full perfection. Trying to encompass the whole perfect picture of the Prophet

(Peace be upon him). No one can ever claim to be possessed of full knowledge or complete mastery of

the great attributes of the greatest man in this universe. No one can ever give this man, the top of

perfection, his due descrpition. He was a man who always sought Allâh’s light, to such an extent that he

was wholly imbued with the Qur’ânic approach.

 

l O Allâh! send your blessings (and the Holy Words of Yours) upon Muhammad and the family of

Muhammad, as You have send blessings upon Ibrâhim and the family of Ibrâhim. You are worthy

of all praise, All Glorious.

 

O Allâh! bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as You have already blessed Ibrâhim

and the family of Ibrâhim. You are worthy of all praise, All Glorious.

 

Source - Ar-Raheeq Al-Maktoom (The Sealed Nectar)

 

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Alhamdulillah

 

Almost brings you to tears. May Allah subhana wataala bless The Leader of this great Ummah sallulahu aleyhi wasalaam.

 

We just post more things about Muhammad (saw).

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