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The Issue Of Halal Meat

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Some scholars say its halal to eat meat slaugthered by ahlul kitab (Christians and Jews). Jewish (kosher) meat is halal, but other than that, we need to remember that most Christians today are not ahlul kitab, but rather kuffar, as long as they take Jesus for their god, or son of God. That means that aya 5 of surat Al-Ma'idah, which permits us to eat meat slaughtered by ahlul kitab, does not apply on today's Christians. Besides, who said that the low priced meat filling the supermarket shelves is slaugthered in the first place? or these juicy beef burgers?

 

Of course its more convenient to shop from the supermarket or take a fast food meat products on the go, but the question is: which is more important: convenience, or halal?

 

Let's read some good fatawa on this issue, collected by sister umAhmad.

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Question Salamu `Alaykum. I live in Canada. Over here there is a big problem of choosing halal or haram food. My question is regarding the non-Zabiha meat. Over here, most people prefer to consume the non-Zabiha meat though Zabiha meat is available.

 

Also, scholars give them fatwas that you can utilize that food. So what do you say about if Zabiha meat is available but people go for non-Zabiha one?

 

Also, I have noticed one thing that most of the scholars from Saudi Arabia and Middle East say you can utilize it but many scholars in the sub-continent strictly forbid to utilize that meat. So, is it the difference in school of thought or what?

 

Kindly answer me in the light of the Qur'anic verse permitting the food of the People of the Book, and the other one stating that we should not eat the meat on which Allah's Name was not mentioned.

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Answer Wa`alaykum As-Salaamu Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.

 

In The Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

 

"The question of consuming meat slaughtered by the People of the Book has been debated by scholars from ancient times based on the Qur'anic verse: "The food of those who have received the Scripture is lawful for you, and your food is lawful for them." (Al-Ma'idah: 5)

 

Based on the above verse, the majority of scholars belonging to the four schools consider consuming meat slaughtered by the People of the Book as permissible.

 

The only question raised by scholars is: if they deliberately omit mentioning God's Name or slaughter it by invoking the name of Jesus or a church, etc. Even if they were to slaughter by omitting the Name of God unintentionally, it is still considered permissible, just as it is permissible for us to consume meat slaughtered by a Muslim if he forgets to mention the Name of God.

 

As far as preferring between the meat slaughtered by People of the Book and meat slaughtered by Muslims, it is not a choice between halal and haram; it is simply a choice of preference.

 

It is important for Muslims, especially in non-Muslim countries, to support Muslim business; that should be a major concern in the minds of Muslims, yet we are not permitted to declare haram what Allah has declared as halal."

 

Allah Almighty knows best.

 

(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.islamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/livefatwa/english/Browse.asp?hGuestID=2QMEU3"]SOURCE[/url]

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Question

Tasmiyah (Mentioning the Name of Allah: Is it fard or sunnah for zabeeha? What happens if the person does not recite the name of Allah: a) on purpose B) by mistake c) he is not aware d) under pressure?

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Answer

Upon slaughtering an animal, it is fard upon a Muslim to recite the name of Allah. If he did not recite the name of Allah intentionally, the meat of the animal will not be Halal. (Surah al-In'aam Aayat121)

 

If he forgot or was under pressure, he will be excused and the meat of such an animal will be Halal. Not being aware is not clear to us. (Ahsanul Fataawa vol.7 pg.403)

 

And Allah Taala Knows Best.

 

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 

(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_askimam(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/fatwa/fatwa.php?askid=44a37590bdc9aa26f7201f51d9b9a1"]SOURCE[/url]

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Question

I am working as a chicken supplier for a muslim company which is in another province. A good muslim brother, who is also related to dawa jammat work, is Director of this company. Recently I came to know of the procedure being followed at their zabeeha plant, as outlined below: 1. First chickens are dipped in water having mild electric current, which makes chix slightly unconscious. 2. After manually slaughtering, after saying takbeer, feathers are removed by dipping them in luke warm water. Our Director said that as they deal with thousands of chix per day, it is necessary to make them slightly unconscious but there is no chance of chix dying away during this process. He said that, even it might be possible that slightly unconscious birds may become fully conscious if slaughter is delayed. Now the problem is that one of my (muslim) friend told me that 1. any type of stunning of chix, beef, or goat, makes the meat of that animal ?makrooh?, even though the animal didn?t die of stunning. 2. income from selling of that kind of meat is doubtful and not halal. As there is much job uncertainity, I wish to continue this business. 3. if the process of stunning is makrooh, then does this also make the meat of that chix/animal makrooh? Please make these points clear. Is it taqwa to abstain from the chicken meat that was stunned by electric shock, even though it stays alive till slaughter?

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Answer

The procedure of slaughtering the chickens explained by you is permissible. The chickens will be Halaal and the income of the sale of such chickens will also be Halaal.

 

The dipping of the chickens in electric water due to the large procession will be excused, if there is no adequate alternative.

 

and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

 

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 

 

 

(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_askimam(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/fatwa/fatwa.php?askid=bc75f7232fa6744cb02e7a93d5ffe7"]SOURCE[/url]

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Question

Do not eat unless Allah's name has been taken and this (not taking Allah's name) practice is transgression' (Quran 6:121) For the animal to be zabeeha we quote the ayat mentioned below... But some people in our USA say that it only means that at the time of eating you should take the name of Allah and it's sufficient... It is not necessary to take the name of Allah at the time of Slaugtering... How can we justify this so that we can tell them what the reality is?

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Answer

Allah Taãla says in the Noble Qurãn: 'Today I have made permissible for you pure things and the food of those who were given the Book (Ahlul-Kitaab) is also Halaal for you'. (Qurãn 5:4) Overtly the above Aayat reads that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-Kitaab is permissible, but the fundamental principle must be understood in order to understand the Qurãn i.e. 'One part of the Qurãn explains the other'. Therefore, this verse should be understood in the light of another verse relating to the same matter: 'Do not eat unless Allah's name has been taken and this (not taking Allah's name) practice is transgression' (Quran 6:121) While the former verse explicitly states that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-Kitaab is permissible and the latter says, 'Do not eat unless Allah's name has been taken', in the light of both these verses, it is understood that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-kitaab is permissible only if the name of Allah is taken at the time of slaughtering. The Ahlul-kitaab used to take Allah's name when slaughtering an animal, therefore, their Zabeeha was also Halaal for Muslims. It is for this same reason that an animal slaughtered by the Mushrikeen, etc. is not permissible. The Ahlul-kitaab of today are recognized by name, less faith. There is no guarantee that they take the name of Allah/God when slaughtering an animal. Furthermore, they cannot be anymore trusted in matters pertaining to Halaal/Haraam. Since there is uncertainty in the above slaughter manner, the Jurists are unanimous that it is not permissible to consume meat which is doubtful. Unless there is certainty that the Ahlul-kitaab read the 'Tasmiyah' i.e. take the name of God when slaughtering an animal then only will the meat be permissible. We suggest that the Muslims in the U.S.A. and U.K. slaughter the animals themselves. A committee be appointed and look into ways to facilitate for Halaal meat slaughtered by Muslims. This will make them independent from Christian/Jewish sources. Another proposition may be that the meat sold on the market are packed, sealed and stamped by a Muslim organisation consisting of reliable scholars and Úlama who have proper Islamic knowledge of the principles pertaining to Halaal/Haraam of the Shariáh. and Allah Ta'ala Knows Best Mufti Ebrahim Desai FATWA DEPT.

 

 

 

 

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QUESTION:

 

I have come across Muslims who try and justify that we are permitted to eat the meat of the Jews/Christians, as is, e.g. McDonalds, supermarkets etc on the basis of the opinion given by Yusuf Al- Qaradawi.

 

They say that, it is perfectly allowed to eat the animal slaughtered by a Christian or a Jew, regardless of the method used in slaughtering. On this basis, they consider meat sold in western supermarkets and other places to be perfectly Halal.

 

It should be noted that at a conference of the Muslim Arab Youth Association (MAYA) in the U.S. a few years ago, where Sheikh Qaradawi is a regular speaker, he became exasperated upon being asked this question. He has encouraged, in the North American context, where Muslim businesses are present that Muslims buy from these stores as opposed to purchasing from the supermarket.

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ANSWER:

 

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

 

The answer to this question will be divided into three parts:

 

1) The first looks at the Islamic perspective and viewpoint with regards to meat-eating and slaughtering of animals,

 

2) The second deals with the conditions and rules pertaining to a valid slaughter in Shariah,

 

3) The third, in refutation of those who call for the meat sold in western supermarkets to be considered lawful (halal).

 

 

(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.shariahprogram.ca/eat-halal-foods/issue-halal-meat.shtml"]SOURCE[/url]

 

 

The answer is very long, So would request the brothers and sisters interested in viewing to go and check the link. I am really sorry about this. JazaakAllahu Khairan for your understanding, umAhmad.

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Is kosher meat halal?

 

 

We have been invited to a Muslim brothers place for BBQ (only meat) in honor of us. The host at one point mentioned that they eat Kosher meat from a store. I told them Kosher is not halal but they insist that it is (as the store told them they (Jews) slaughter with pronouncing bismillah too??!!!!!). At these condition what one should do to avoid haram, even though the invitation is from a Muslim. Should we accept this invitation?

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Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

 

Assalamu alaikum,

 

There are two considerations regarding the consumption of kosher meat:

 

a: permissibility;

 

b: appropriateness.

 

In terms of permissibility, the fatwa is that kosher meat is in itself halal, as such meat fulfills the conditions of a valid slaughtering (zabiha).

 

In terms of appropriateness, most major scholars tell us that given the nature of Zionist oppression of our Palestinian brethren, it is our duty to boycott the products of those who support the state of israel .

 

As explained in Shaykh Muhammad ibn Adam’s answer [see in full below]:

 

“Kosher meat, would be however, in itself permitted. Top scholars across the Muslim world… say that Muslims should avoid Kosher meat due to the Zionist oppression in Palestine .”

 

And Allah alone gives success.

 

Walaikum assalam,

Faraz Rabbani

 

 

 

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Answered by Shaykh Abdurrahman ibn Yusuf Mangera

 

 

Meat in the West

 

 

In the name of the Inspirer of truth

 

Many people claim the United States [or for that matter the UK] to be a Christian country. This claim is not true since, they are openly secular and promote separation of church and state. Many scholars of other countries sometimes pass fatwas on the meat in the united states to be halal based on the assumption that it is a Christian country. If the meat is from a trusted and reliable Jewish [Kosher] or Christian source, then the answer to that has already been given in the previous answer.

 

However, eating from any place under the impression that the meat is the meat of the ahl al-kitab [people of the Book] is totally erroneous, since it is very difficult to find out who actually slaughtered the animal, whether it was a Christian, Jew, Buddhist, Bhai, atheist or for argument sake even a Muslim. In many cases the chickens are stunned and then machine slaughtered. The stunning could sometimes cause them to die before reaching the blade and at times the knife misses the throat altogether. Hence, It is not lawful at all to place one self in a position of consuming Haram or that which certainly doubtful. It must be avoided at all costs, and the Muslim meat industry should be supported and promoted instead.

 

Countries like South Africa and Zimbabwe where the Muslims have been very particular about halal meat, have made great progress in meat products, and now they have also started to export to the UK and other countries. When I visited Zimbabwe, I was told by a member of the Jamiat Ulama {Council of scholars] there that it was requirement in the meat industry of Zimbabwe that all meat in the country has to be slaughtered according to Islamic rites, and large quantities of it were being exported to other countries.

 

The principal of economics of "demand and supply" should be kept in mind, that if there is a demand there will be a supply. Insha Allah, if there is a demand for an extensive range of halal meat product, a servant of Allah will rise up to cater for that demand, whereas vice versa Halal meat stores have had to shut down due to lack of patronage from local Muslims, who prefer to purchase from Costco or other such supermarkets, under the pretext that it is from the people of the book, regardless of the method of slaughter.

 

Insha Allah, the greater fiqhi aspects of this issue will be discussed in a subsequent write up.

 

And Allah knows best.

Abdurrahman

 

 

 

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I live in UK, and its hard to find halal meat, am I allowed in Islam to eat non-sacrificed meat?

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Answered by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

 

In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

 

It is incorrect to say that finding Islamically slaughtered Halal meat (zabiha) is difficult in the UK, as Halal meat is available and can be found in many cities of the UK, Insha Allah.

 

To determine whether the meat of a particular restaurant, takeaway or butchers is Halal or otherwise, one needs to inquire and investigate. If the owner is a reliable pious Muslim, you may take his word if he says that his meat is slaughtered in a proper Islamic way, provided there is no other reason to doubt his claim.

 

However, if the owner is not too reliable or there are other reasons for you to doubt his claim, then you must investigate yourself. Inquire as to from where the meat is supplied, pay a visit to the relevant slaughterhouse and see for your self whether the method implemented in the slaughterhouse conforms to the Shariah guidelines.

 

There are also some Halal certifying bodies of which one has recently been established by the name of Halal Monitoring Committee (HMC). The procedure of inspection implemented by this group is very rigorous; hence the slaughter of each individual animal is thoroughly inspected at the abattoirs and slaughterhouses, as to whether it complies with Shariah guidelines or otherwise. This organization is based in Leicester, UK and is at the moment only operating in Leicester with a view of moving to other cites in the future. I am also a member of this organization. (For more details, see: www.halalmc(contact admin if its a beneficial link) )

 

Consuming unlawful (haram) meat becomes permissible only in dire and compelling situations, when one’s life is in danger.

 

Allah Most High says:

 

He (Allah) has only forbidden upon you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name has been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, then he is guiltless. For Allah is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful.” (Surah al-Baqarah, 173)

 

Therefore, even if you were unable to find Halal Zabiha meat, it would not be permitted to consume unlawful meat. One would have to suffice on vegetables, fish and other Halal food.

 

And Allah knows best

 

Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

 

 

Darul Iftaa, Leicester, UK

 

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If an animal is applied electrical current for a few seconds to make it unconscious and then it is slaughtered in Islamic way of Halal Slaughter, would it be considered Halal? It is made scientifically sure that when the animal is slaughtered, it is alive and breathing. The current applied or electrical stunning, only make it immobile to save the struggle of both the animal and the slaughterer. According to the two main requirements of Halal Slaughter, the animal must be alive at the time of slaughter and maximum blood should be let out of the animal body. If we meet these two requirements even after applying current,the meat should be Halal. Do you agree?

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Question number: 853

Date posted: 2005-10-17

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

 

Answer:

Animals slaughtered in this way are considered as halall and therefore lawful for us to consume as long as they did not die before slaughter. This has been the position of the World Fiqh Council; for, after due deliberations they have concluded that stunning or applying electric shock to the animals before slaughter will not in themselves render the animals unlawful for Muslim consumption, as long as the animals are still alive while they were slaughtered. Of course, the slaughter thus made must fulfill conditions of halaal slaughter: the major arteries are to be cut with a sharp knife or instrument in such a way that the entire blood is drained off; the name of Allah should also be invoked at the time of slaughter.

 

 

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Written by Member: Habeeb

Country: Guyana

Date: 15-Jan-2003

Member's email: hujja[at]networksgy(contact admin if its a beneficial link)

 

Title:

 

What Constitutes Halal Meat?

 

Article:

 

With regards to meat that is not slaughtered according to Islamic rites, (Quran 6:121, 2:168, 5:3, 6:145) Dr Ahmad Sakr, expert on Halal certification in USA, says it is not Halal because of the effect electric shock has on blood drainage. Using electric shock, explains Sakr, means that all of the animal's blood does not leave its body, because electric shock affects the central nervous system. It is Haram to eat meat containing blood, as it is clearly stated in the Quran that Muslims cannot consume blood. "Halal is Halal if the following conditions are taken into consideration," explains Sakr.

 

The first is that the animal is itself is Halal. That means no pork, for instance.

 

The second, is that the food the animal consumes does not contain any blood or meat. Sakr explains that the animal has to be herbivorous to be Halal, and adds that an animal becomes Haram if it consumes blood and /or meat.

 

The third condition Sakr lists for an animal to be Halal is that it should not be given any hormones.

 

In the meat industry, he says beef and chicken are given female sex hormones. This is meant to increase the weight of the animal in a short period of time.

 

The effect of consuming an animal with injected female hormones is a reduction in the masculine appearance of boys and men and Sakr mentioned "KFC and and MacDonald's" as two examples. The meat industry also puts the preservatives nitrite or nitrate in meat. These react with the amino group of amino acids of the meat or protein to produce nitroso-amine. This is red pigment. This results in meat still looking red in its color, as if it is fresh, even if it has been on the shelf for one or two weeks. While this may be good for industry, it causes cancer.

 

A point to note is all KFC chickens labeled "certified Halal" in Muslim countries are slaughtered by Muslims by reciting Bismillah-Allah-hu-Akbar during the process. Birds are slaughtered manually and not mechanically.

 

Mufti Ebrahim Desai, Darul Ifta, Madrasah In'aamiyyah, Camperdown, South Africa explains mechanical slaughter is of three types:

 

Chickens are transported to the place of slaughter through a conveyer belt and are manually slaughtered. If there is certainty that the chicken is alive and the Muslim slaughterer recites the name of Allah upon slaughtering, then the chicken is Halal. In this case, only the transportation is mechanical but the slaughtering is manual. This procedure is unanimously permissible and recommended.

 

Chickens are transported by means of the conveyer belt to the mechanical slaughter blade. Once the mechanical plant comes into operation, the blade also comes into operation and cuts the chicken. This procedure is not permissible. It does not matter if the plant and the blades are controlled together or separately.

 

Continued........

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Continued.........

 

The chickens are transported by means of the conveyer belt to many slaughter blades and every blade is controlled separately by a Muslim who recites the name of Allah upon effecting the mechanical slaughter. This procedure conforms to the principles of Sharée Zabh set out by the Fuqahaa. According to our knowledge, such a procedure does not yet exist.

 

"Except that which you slaughter." Quran 5:3. implies that the slaughterer himself has to hold the knife and recite the prayer and merely praying over a mechanical knife is unlawful. Justice Maulana Mufti M. Taqi Usmani Member Shariat appellate Bench, Supreme Court of Pakistan; Deputy Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Academy (OIC) Jeddah; Vice-President, Darul-Uloom Karachi, Pakistan states that each chicken must have an independent recitation of the prayer and whenever the entire neck is severed it will be considered foul and reprehensible. Mufti Allah Bakhsh Jami'at ul Uloom il Islamiyyah, Allama Banuri Town, Karachi, Pakistan differentiates between shooting an arrow whilst praying and that of praying over a machine; the former is done out of helplessness where generally arrows kill the animal, unlike the manual slaughter where one has the full control and ease.

 

The Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America, among the few U.S. groups that certify halal producers, who authorized more than 200 North American businesses, ranging from small producers to corporations whose product lines include goods for export to Muslim countries, have conditioned having a Muslim Supervisor throughout these operations, including while transporting the certified meat and preparing it in restaurants, since only his word could be taken legally.

 

In addition meat done by Christians and Jews may be Kosher but not necessarily Halal since they differ at times in terms of alcohol content, meat derivatives and L-cystein produced from human hair.

 

Kosher foods may contain alcohol, gelatin prepared from swine, animal fat not slaughtered in God's name. All of these are definitely anti-Halal. Halal foods must come from animals that were slaughtered while Muslims pronounce the name of Allah or His Oneness. Just No electric shocks, No machine blades.

 

Central Halal Committee of Guyana

 

 

 

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The arabic word (Halal) means lawful. In the Holy Quran, Allah commands Muslims and all of mankind to eat of the Halal things. Among the many verses of the Quran that convey this message, here are a few:

 

O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome

in the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil.

Lo! he is an open enemy for you. (2:168)

 

O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith

We have provided you, and render thanks to Allah

if it is (indeed) He Whom ye worship. (2:172)

 

Eat of that which Allah hath bestowed on you as food

lawful and good, and keep your duty to Allah in Whom

ye are believers. (5:88)

 

The following products are definitely Halal:

 

1. Milk (from cows, sheep, camels, and goats)

2. Honey

3. Fish

4. Plants which are not intoxicant

5. Fresh or naturally frozen vegetables

6. Fresh or dried fruits

7. Legumes and nuts like peanuts, cashew nuts, hazel nuts, walnuts, etc.

8. Grains such as wheat, rice, rye, barley, oat, etc.

 

 

Animals such as cows, sheep, goats, deer, moose, chickens, ducks, game birds, etc., are also Halal, but they must be Zabihah (slaughtered according to Islamic Rites) in order to be suitable for consumption. The procedure is as follows: the animal must be slaughtered by a Muslim (or a Jew or Christian - click here for more). The animal should be put down on the ground (or held it if it is small) and its throat should be slit with a very sharp knife to make sure that the 3 main blood vessels are cut. While cutting the throat of the animal (without severing it), the person must pronounce the name of Allah or recite a blessing which contains the name of Allah, such as "Bismillah Allah-u-Akbar".

 

 

*** Want this information in a presentable, printable format for distribution or posting? Check out our 'Publications' section.

 

 

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US county passes law on halal meat

 

Friday 05 August 2005, 15:25 Makka Time, 12:25 GMT

 

 

Violators of the new law can face a $500 fine and 90 days in jail

 

Officials in one Michigan county are making it illegal for restaurant owners, butchers and other food sellers to falsely claim that their meat conforms to Islamic or Jewish religious laws.

 

A food seller violating the new ordinance, which goes into effect next month, could face a $500 fine and up to 90 days in jail, the Detroit Free Press and The Detroit News reported on Friday.

 

The county regulation means health inspectors can issue fines.

 

Thursday's move came after the Wayne County Commission received several complaints that sellers said meat was certified as halal or conforming to Islamic regulations, when it was not.

 

"As the popularity of halal has increased, so have complaints," county executive Robert Ficano said.

 

"Butchers now can simply say their meat is halal and charge a premium price."

 

Now businesses claiming to sell halal or kosher items must post signs identifying the slaughterhouse and wholesaler. Halal food includes beef, lamb or chicken slaughtered according to Islamic law.

 

According to Islamic law, halal meat must come from an animal slaughtered in the name of God.

 

Kosher food is prepared according to Jewish rules.

 

A similar 1966 state law protects kosher products, and a state law passed in 2002 allows police to enforce a similar halal rule.

 

While halal food was once hard to find, it is now available at a number of chain supermarkets and restaurants in metropolitan Detroit.

 

They include two McDonald's restaurants and a Big Boy restaurant in Dearborn, centre of southeastern Michigan's Arab-American community of about 300,000.

 

Similar statewide statutes have been enacted in New Jersey and Illinois in recent years, and Muslims in some other states are lobbying for such laws, said Rabiah Ahmed of the Council on American-Islamic Relations in Washington.

 

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Q.) I live in the USA. Can I eat meat available at American stores butchered by non-Muslims. Some people at local Masjid have argued that as America is a Christian country and they are Ahlul-Kitaab so its allowed to eat meat available at American stores. Please tell me what to do about it?

 

A.) Allah Taala says in the Noble Quran:

 

"Today I have made permissible for you pure things and the food of those who were given the Book (Ahlul-Kitaab) is also Halal for you." [Al-Maidah 5:4]

 

Overtly the above ayah reads that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-Kitaab is permissible, but the fundamental principle must be understood in order to understand the Qur'an i.e. "One part of the Qur'an explains the other."

 

Therefore, this verse should be understood in the light of another verse relating to the same matter: "Do not eat unless Allah's name has been taken and this (not taking Allah's name) practice is transgression." [Al-An'am 6:121]

 

While the former verse explicitly states that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-Kitaab is permissible and the latter says, "Do not eat unless Allah's name has been taken," in the light of both these verses, it is understood that the Zabeeha of the Ahlul-kitaab is permissible only if the name of Allah is taken at the time of slaughtering. The Ahlul-kitaab used to take Allah's name when slaughtering an animal, therefore, their Zabeeha was also Halal for Muslims. It is for this same reason that an animal slaughtered by the Mushrikeen, etc. is not permissible. The Ahlul-kitaab of today are recognized by name, less faith. There is no guarantee that they take the name of Allah/God when slaughtering an animal. They cannot be trusted in matters pertaining to Halal/Haram.

 

Since there is uncertainty in the above slaughter manner, the Jurists are unanimous that it is not permissible to consume meat which is doubtful. Unless there is certainty that the Ahlul-kitaab read the 'Tasmiyah' i.e. take the name of God when slaughtering an animal then only will the meat be permissible. We suggest that the Muslims in the U.S.A. and U.K. slaughter the animals themselves. A committee be appointed and look into ways to facilitate for Halal meat slaughtered by Muslims. This will make them independent from Christian/Jewish sources.

 

Another proposition may be that the meat sold on the market is packed, sealed and stamped by a Muslim organization consisting of reliable scholars and Ulama who have proper Islamic knowledge of the principles pertaining to Halal/Haram of the Shar'iah.

 

And Allah Taala Knows Best.

 

Further Reading: Ahkam-uz-Zabaih

 

 

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Miscellaneous Islamic rulings and opinions regarding Zabiha (Meat)

 

Question: Whether the Zabiha of people of the books ( Christian or Jews) and places where the food is severed by them (i.e meat ) What is the Shariah requirement of its legality and reliability, especially where there is doubt or when Muslims are not certain if the name of Allah was mentioned at the time of slaughter.

 

Answer by Mufti Taqi Usmani Pakistan

 

Concerning this issue ???? it is my opinion that the Zabiha performed by the a person among the people of the book is not the only condition. There are some other necessary conditions which are:

 

At time of slaughter the name of Allah must be mentioned

Jaguar vein must be cut conform to the Islamic Shariah.

These above conditions are equally applies to a Muslim as well as to people of the books

 

The main reasons that Islam permits the Zabiha of people of the book and forbidden the meats of Mushrikin ( those who associate with Allah ) at that time (earlier days of Islam) the people of the books used to respect the requirements of Zahbia that were imposed by the Islamic Shariah.

 

Re: (magribi mumalik kay chand Jadid fiqhi masail aur unka hul) Current fiqh problems and their solution facing West ( Memon Islamic Publisher Karachi Pakistan

 

Note: error in translation rest with As-Sidq and not with Mufti Taqi Usmani

 

(www.)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_www.as-sidq(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/zahbia.html"]SOURCE[/url]

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:D

 

Now that you've read what scholars had to say about the issue, please feel free to discuss it here. We remind our dear members to show due respect to ALL scholars in whatever your discussion takes you. Any violation will be met strictly according to our forum rules.

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:D

 

In this context, I have two questions.

 

When we say that the Christians of today are different, what do we mean? According to my understanding, in the Qur'an Allah :D explains the qualities of the Christians which is, by amd large the same as it exists today. In fact, they have become less practicing, and hence less mushrik.

 

Secondly, there is a tendency for people to call non-zabiha haram. This seems odd to me, as haram is only what has been prohibited. We cannot add to the list in any way. In my humble opinion, meat that is not within the definition of haram in Ayah 5:3 is halal.

 

However, if zabiha is available, we must buy zabiha. That is obvious.

 

Wassalam

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Note the bold part in the article which is a Fatwa of one of the Khalifa regarding Christians..

 

An In-Depth Look at Zabiha

 

There are special requirements for the meat to be halal. Tasmiyah is the most important of them.

 

By Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Posted: 18 Safar 1422, 12 May 2001

 

Almighty Allah Ta'ala in His infinite Mercy has made certain animals halal (permissible) for this Ummah. We are required to be thankful to Him by following the dictates of the Qur'an and Sunnah by ensuring that His name is taken upon slaughtering of the animal. Allah Ta'ala states in the noble Qur'an:

 

1. “For every nation We have specified a rite (for slaughtering) so that they may take the name of Allah Ta'ala upon (the slaughter of) the animals granted to them as sustenance.†(Al-Hajj 22:34)

2. “And consume not of that whereupon the name of Allah Ta'ala was omitted (at the time of slaughter). Indeed it is a transgression. Verily the Shayateen inspire their friends to cause division with you. If you obey them, you are indeed Mushriks (ascribing partners to Allah).†(Al-An'am 6:121)

3. “So take the name of Allah upon them (at the time of slaughter) while they stand in rows.†(Al-Hajj 22:36). In reference to Camels which are slaughtered by Nahr (a swift stab of the neck which severs the four arteries) while standing.

4. “…and such animals upon which they mention not the name of Allah only to fabricate a lie against him.†(Al-An'am 6:138)

5. “Forbidden to you are Maytah (carrion), flowing blood, the flesh of swine and that slaughtered for other than Allah as well as the (animal) expiring by strangulation, illness or pain, falling (from a height), by a wound (sustained through fighting) and by falling to a predator and (about to be consumed), excepting those (animals) upon which you effect Zakah (Shar'ee slaughter).†(Al-Maidah 5:3)

 

From the above verses the following points are understood:

 

1. Meat is not in the same category as other food items.

2. The most important condition is that tasmiyah (pronouncing the name of Allah) be performed at the time of slaughter. The verses clearly explain the impermissibility of the meat of those animals whose slaughter was not preceded by tasmiyah.

3. The impermissibility of the meat of those animals whose lives were ended by means other than Zabah (Shar'ee slaughter) of which tasmiyah is a condition. All such animals are Maytah (carrion) and are expressly forbidden.

4. The Zabiha (animal slaughtered) by a Kafir (non-believer) or Mushrik (polytheist) is haram (unlawful). However, those Ahlul Kitaab (People of the Book) who also believed in the requirement of tasmiyah at the time of slaughter have been excluded from the Kuffaar majority.

5. The verse number 121 of Al-An'am explains consumption of meat not slaughtered with tasmiyah as fisq - transgression and disobedience. The verse then explains that to regard consumption of such meat as halal is nothing but a teaching of Shaytaan to cause division among the Ummah. The verse also warns that obedience of Shaytaan in this matter is akin to Shirk (ascribing partners to Allah).

 

Imam Bukhari has quoted this same verse in his magnum opus under the chapter, “Intentional Omission of the tasmiyah at the Time of Slaughter†to the same import as explained by Hafiz ibn Hajar, the renowned commentator of Sahih Bukhari in the following words:

 

“Imam Bukhari (RA) wishes to point out by citing this verse the reproach against using it as proof to legalize omission of tasmiyah by inventing baseless interpretations of the verse and understanding it in a manner contrary to clear import.†(Fathul Bari vol.9 pg.778; Qadeemi)

 

Intentional Omission of Tasmiyah

 

The Jurists (Fuqahaa) have unanimously agreed that consumption of an animal slaughtered by a Muslim with intentional omission of tasmiyah or out of Istikhfaaf (regarding it as insignificant) is unlawful (haram). Imam Shaaf'ee (RA) has also concurred with this view. (Jawaahirul Fiqh vol.2 pg.388; Darul Uloom from Kitaabul Umm and Tafseer Mazhari)

 

Imam Abu Yusuf states:

“The ruling regarding the animal upon which tasmiyah was omitted (at the time of slaughter) is not subject to Ijtihaad (independent deduction of a ruling from Qur'an and Hadith). If a judge rules the permissibility of its sale, his ruling will not be given effect due to it being contrary to consensus of opinion.†(Ibid pg.390; Hidaaya)

 

It should be noted significantly that the above discussion of impermissibility is with regard to a Muslim slaughterer who intentionally omits pronouncing the name of Allah upon slaughter, not to speak of a non-Muslim.

 

In the case of a Muslim forgetfully omitting the tasmiyah, the animal will be permissible for consumption as is the ruling of all the four Madhaahib based on the Hadith of Nabi Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. “A believer always slaughters upon the name of Allah, whether he (remembers to) recites it or not.†(Fathul Bari vol.9 pg.793; Qadeemi)

 

Animals Slaughtered by Modern Day Jews and Christians

 

“The food of Ahlul Kitaab (People of the Book) is lawful for you as is your food for them.†(Al-Maidah 5:5)

 

Regarding the word, “Ta'aam†(food), ibn Abbaas, Ibn Umamah, Mujaahid and others, Radi-Allahu anhum, say that it refers to slaughtered animals. This matter (permissibility of these animals) is unanimously agreed upon by all scholars since they also hold the belief of the prohibition of slaughter save in Allah's name and also due to the fact that they mention only the name of Allah Ta'ala upon their animals of slaughter. (Jawaahirul Fiqh vol.2 pg.4040; from Ibn Katheer)

 

The reason for permissibility has been explained clearly by Allaamah ibn Katheer that due to the unity of belief regarding slaughter between Muslims and the Jews and Christians of that particular time, Allah Ta'ala had permitted consumption of their slaughter. The Ulama of the time had based their rulings on this very same reasoning.

 

When this unity of belief came into doubt, many great Sahaba, Radi-Allahu anhum, had not hesitated to rule prohibition.

 

“With regards to a Kitaabi, when he omits tasmiyah (the name of Allah) upon his slaughter and takes some other name, his slaughter is not consumable. This is the ruling of Abu Darda, Ubadah bin Saamit and large faction of the Sahaba, Radi-Allahu anhum.†(Jawaahirul Fiqh vol.2 pg.407; Darul Uloom - from Bahrul Muheet)

 

Regarding the Christian tribe of Banu Taghlib, Sayyidna Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, ruled the following:

“Hafiz ibn Jawzi (RA) has narrated with his Sanad (chain of narrators) from Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, 'Do not consume the slaughter of the Christians of Banu Taghlib since they have not held to any more of Christianity than their drinking of wine.'†(Ibid pg.460 - from Tafseer Mazhari)

 

It is a well-known fact that the majority of present day Christians and Jews no longer hold this Aqeedah (belief) regarding slaughter. They do not hesitate to consume meat slaughtered by even Pagans and Mushriks (polytheists) and atheists. They have held to even less of Christianity than the Banu Taghlib. Most of them are just Christians and Jews by name, “atheistic†in their beliefs and actions. Their abattoirs employ machine slaughter wherever possible and do not hesitate to employ pagans and polytheists, e.g. Chinese, Koreans, etc. to carry our slaughter.

 

The Ruling

 

Based on the above juridical references, Qadhi Thanaullah (RA) a renowned Jurist of his time states the following:

“The correct and accepted view according to us is the first one that the slaughter of the Ahlul Kitaab with intentional omission of tasmiyah (taking the name of Allah) or slaughter in some other name (besides that of Allah) is not consumable, if this fact is ascertained with certainty or this is the condition prevailing among them. By this, the prohibition (of the Sahaba) from consuming the slaughter of the Christian Arabs can be easily understood. Likewise, the ruling of Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, (regarding the Banu Taghlib)' becomes clear. It is likely that Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, had ascertained their omission of tasmiyah upon slaughter or that they slaughtered in some other name (besides Allah). A similar ruling has been issued regarding the non-Arab Christians that if it is their normal habit to slaughter without tasmiyah, their slaughter is not consumable. Concerning the present day Christians there is no doubt that their methods do not fulfill requirements of Shar'ee slaughter, but they usually cause the death of their animals by other lethal measures, e.g. machine slaughter, etc. hence, their slaughter is impermissible.†(Jawaahirul Fiqh vol.2 pg.411; from Tafseer Mazhari)

 

The Correct Understanding of the Hadith of Bukhari

 

Let us now turn to the hadith in Bukhari that is often by many people to justify the claim that tasmiyah is not required. The hadith is as follows: “It has been narrated from Aisha, Radi-Allahu anha, that some persons said to Nabi Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam 'People bring to us meat. We know not whether the name of Allah Ta'ala has been taken (upon its slaughter) or not? Nabi Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam replied, 'You people say Bismillah and eat it.' Aisha, Radi-Allahu anha, says, 'the people referred to (in this Hadith) were new Muslims.'†(Bukhari vol.2 pg.828; Deoband)

 

It is clear that the slaughterers were Muslims, not disbelievers. This is further elucidated by Imam Malik (RA)'s narration (of the same Hadith) where the addition of, “this was in the beginning of Islam.†(Fathul Bari vol.9 pg.792; Qadeemi) is found.

 

To believe that these people were non-Muslims is in fact tantamount to accusing the noble Sahaba of Rasulullah Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam of the heinous crime of consuming meat slaughtered by polytheists which is expressly forbidden in the Qur'an:

 

“Forbidden to you is carrion… and that slaughtered for other than Allah.†(Al-Maidah 5:3)

 

The actual meaning of this Hadith, as understood by similar narrations is that one should not entertain unfounded doubts about a Muslim that he would neglect to mention the name of Allah upon his slaughter.

 

“This is what is understood by the context of the Hadith since the answer of Nabi Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam to the question was, 'Say Bismillah and eat.' It is as though they (questioners) were told, 'That is not your concern, rather what should concern you is to consume it (wholesomely in the Sunnah manner) by saying Bismillah before partaking thereof.†(Fathul Bari vol.9 pg.793; Qadeemi)

 

Hafiz ibn Abdul-Barr (RA) has emphasized this point very clearly: “Similarly, the slaughter of the Bedouin Muslims will be permissible (for consumption) since they usually know of the tasmiyah (at the time of slaughter).†Ibn Abdul Barr (RA) has concluded, “In this Hadith, it is understood that the slaughter of a Muslim should be consumed and he should be regarded as having performed tasmiyah upon its slaughter (even when one is not certain about this fact) because with regards to a Muslim, one should entertain nothing but good thoughts unless concrete evidence is established to the contrary.†(Fathul Bari vol.9 pg.793; Qadeemi)

 

This import is borne out by other narrations of this same Hadith as follows: “The narration of Ibn Uyayna (RA) (one of the Huffaaz of Hadith) has the addition, 'accept their oaths and eat', i.e. take their word for it that they have taken tasmiyah upon slaughter (and partake without doubts).†(Ibid pg.793)

 

The Narration of Abu Sa'eed

 

Imam Tabrani has recorded the narration of Abu Sa'eed though with a difference in wording that he said, “Accept their word that they have effected (Shar'ee) slaughter.†(and consume it without doubt). (Ibid)

 

The Narration of Imam Tahawi (RA)

 

“Some of the Sahaba, Radi-Allahu anhum, asked Rasulullah Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam that, 'Some Bedouins bring to us meat, cheese and fat. We know not the condition of their Islam, (i.e. they are Muslims but of what caliber, we are unaware).' Nabi Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam replied, 'Check that which is prohibited by Allah and abstain therefrom. In whatever Allah Ta'ala has not discussed, he has given you a concession. Your Rabb (Lord) does not forget. Thus, say Bismillah (and partake).†(Ibid)

 

Explaining this Hadith, Allaamah ibn Teen comments: “Concerning tasmiyah upon slaughter carried out by others of which they are unaware, there is no obligation upon them regarding it. The (slaughter) will only be held incorrect when such evidence is established. Allah Ta'ala has not made it obligatory upon any Muslim to be aware of tasmiyah upon the slaughter of another Muslim, since the slaughter of another Muslim will be always regarded as correct (accompanied by tasmiyah) unless evidence is established to the contrary.†(Ibid pg.794)

 

The above should be sufficient to clarify any doubt in the meaning of the Hadith of Bukhari.

 

Importance of Muslim Unity with Regards to Halal Meat

 

Shaytaan is ever prepared to bring about division as this will inevitably lead to the collapse of the Muslim Ummah. In his untiring efforts, he has overlooked no sphere of life to cause his mischief even to the extent of nourishment. Allah Ta'ala has warned us of Shaytaan's inroads in this regard as has been explained already. Shaytaan, possessed of a keen intelligence and discernment knows full well that once the Muslims cannot interact and mix with one another due to suspicion in regards to halal and haram, this will bring about the much awaited split in the global community of Islam. To combat this, it is required that Muslims take courage and band together to solve this problem, irrespective of color and race, since the commands of Allah Ta'ala are universal. Due to this solidarity, the Muslims of South Africa, although a minority (around 3 - 4 %) have progressed far ahead in eliminating this problem. With a bit of extra physical and monetary sacrifice, they have managed to establish their own abattoirs in different parts of the country.

 

If Muslims in other parts of the world who have, Alhamdulillah, become a sizeable community were to show such unity and get together, there is every confidence that the problem would be eliminated with little difficulty.

 

To conclude this, let us ponder upon the following words of Nabi Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam:

“The lawful is clear and the unlawful is clear. Between these lie matters of confusion. Regarding these, many are ignorant. Whomsoever falls into these, falls into the unlawful, like a shepherd grazing (his flock) upon a sanctuary's perimeter very soon falls into trespass. Beware! Every king possesses a sanctuary and the sanctuary of Allah Ta'ala are His prohibitions. Take note! In the body there is a piece of flesh such that when it is good the entire body is good; when it is corrupt the whole body is corrupted. Listen! It is the heart.†(Arba'een Nawawiy)

 

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

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:D

 

Note the bold part in the article which is a Fatwa of one of the Khalifa regarding Christians..

 

:D

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If the argument:

 

1. Christians are not the same as they were at the time of the verse.

 

Then either there should have been a verse which would replace the earlier one or something better. because In surah baqrah Allaah says which i understand to be " Allah does not abborgate his verses except that he gives something better than that what he gave before".

 

What proof do we have that the situation of christians has changed ? No personal experiences but rather comparison of 2 different times.

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Well here is a video that can help you realise why christan mean is Haraam.

 

If you get sick easily please do not watch. It shows how bad Humans can be toward animals

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"######youtube######/watch?v=M_wGszsDehU"]Cow massacre[/url]

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"######youtube######/watch?v=ygJJXnvyqvs"]Pig massacre[/url]

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"######youtube######/watch?v=H3vARvlKKpU"]Chicken's[/url]

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So are you implying that our Holy Book is outdated? What due you base you comment below on? The Christians then and now do not believe in our Prophet.... otherwise they would have been musims!

 

 

If the argument:

 

1. Christians are not the same as they were at the time of the verse.

 

Then either there should have been a verse which would replace the earlier one or something better. because In surah baqrah Allaah says which i understand to be " Allah does not abborgate his verses except that he gives something better than that what he gave before".

 

What proof do we have that the situation of christians has changed ? No personal experiences but rather comparison of 2 different times.

 

 

We know that when a nation went astray Allah would send upon His people a messenger. That is why above 100 thousand Prophets came.

 

Allah knows that those Christians were not correct and therefore Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) came.

 

Don't make assumptions on your religion. Our religion has been messed up by assumptions.

 

I eat with and eat from the people of the Book unless expressly prohibited by Allah (pork). Anything else is Sunnah, which is second to the Holy Book.

 

 

Shakeel A.

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So are you implying that our Holy Book is outdated? What due you base you comment below on? The Christians then and now do not believe in our Prophet.... otherwise they would have been musims!

We know that when a nation went astray Allah would send upon His people a messenger. That is why above 100 thousand Prophets came.

 

Allah knows that those Christians were not correct and therefore Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) came.

 

Don't make assumptions on your religion. Our religion has been messed up by assumptions.

 

I eat with and eat from the people of the Book unless expressly prohibited by Allah (pork). Anything else is Sunnah, which is second to the Holy Book.

Shakeel A.

 

Peace

 

You make a very good and valid point. I too like you eat with and from Christians.

 

I do think that Islam has complicated what God has made so simple for us. Halal or lawful meat/food is made that way by following what God tells us in Quran. The method of making food of any description (save for what God prohibits 2:173) lawful is decreed by God as mentioning His name over it. The verses in question are 5:4; 6:119/121. Nowhere do we find in Quran anything about how an animal must be slaughtered or that the animal has to be slaughtered in a certain way to make it lawful.

 

6:145 Say "Ido not find in the revelations given to me any food that is prohibited for any eater except: carrion, running blood, the meat of pigs, for it is contaminated, and the meat of animals bleashemously dedicated to to other than God"........

 

What is so interesting about the way this verse is written is that the Prophet says, on instruction from God, that he (Muhammad) does not find any prohibition in the revelation given to him etc. If you believe that hadith was also given to him by God outside of the Quran then his words "I do not find in the revelations given to me" applies to both Quran and hadith; therefore the practice of halal slaughtering goes against God, Quran and hadith.

 

3:94 Those who fabricate false prohibitions after this, and attribute them to God, are truely wicked.

 

Peace.

 

Chris

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Peace

 

You make a very good and valid point. I too like you eat with and from Christians.

 

:sl:

 

The question is, do they slaughter their animals in Allah's name or in Jesus' name?

 

I do think that Islam has complicated what God has made so simple for us.

 

I don't think you meant to say "Islam" here. Because Islam cannot complicate anything. Islam is the path Allah chose for us to follow.

 

Nowhere do we find in Quran anything about how an animal must be slaughtered or that the animal has to be slaughtered in a certain way to make it lawful.

 

The Qur'an does tell us that an animal must be sacrificed in a certain way for it to be lawful. Here is the verse you mentioned:

 

Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytah (the dead animals), blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for other than Allah, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns Ãœand that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal Ãœunless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) - and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone altars). (Forbidden) also is to make decisions with Al-Azlam (arrows) (all) that is Fisq (disobedience and sin). This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But as for him who is forced by severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above mentioned animals), then surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [5:3]

 

To summarize what is forbidden:

 

1) Dead animals (animals that have died before being slaughtered or hunted).

2) Drinking blood.

3) Swine.

4) Animals sacrificed for others except Allah.

5) Animals killed by strangling, intentionally or accidentally.

6) Animals killed by a violent blow (meaning, hitting the animals with blunt objects to kill them).

7) Animals that have died after falling from a high place.

8) Animals killed by the horns of another animal.

9) Animals that have been partly eaten by a wild animal (if they are dead).

10) Animals slaughtered on altars, particularly those altars that used to be around the Ka'bah.

11) Animals killed through the practice of decision making with arrows (a form of gambling the Arabs used to practice).

 

1-3 are examples of what we cannot eat. 4-11 are examples of the improper methods of killing animals. So yes, Allah did tell us how to slaughter animals or how halaal animals can become haraam if not properly killed.

 

What is so interesting about the way this verse is written is that the Prophet says, on instruction from God, that he (Muhammad) does not find any prohibition in the revelation given to him etc.

 

This verse was revealed before the one I quoted above. It was abrogated by the previous one. The conditions of the first three are clearly written in both verses (animals slaughtered in the name of any but Allah, swine, and dead animals) but Allah added more conditions.

 

"I do not find in the revelations given to me" applies to both Quran and hadith; therefore the practice of halal slaughtering goes against God, Quran and hadith.

 

How can you make such an argument after reading 5:3? The practice of halaal slaughtering has been outlined by none other than Allah. Animals must not only be halaal to begin with, but they must be properly killed or they are haraam for consumption.

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