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The Issue of Music in Islam

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i do beleive the more devout christians and buddhists follow the same beleifs.

 

personally, as i have said before, i regard it as a personal choice. The danger is of course, and not just from muslims but also conservatives of all religions and also political control freaks, is that they do not stop with just preventing *themselves* from doing/listening to this, but actively try to prevent others from doing so. Much as in the west anti-drug conservatives not only don't take such "exitement inducing/hallucinogen inducing" chemicals, but actively prevent others from doing so, beleiving they have a "duty" to enforce their own beleifs onto others who don't agree with them. Apparently some beleive that spending 10 or more years (or even life in some US states) in a prison cell is 'better' for the individual than THC, even if that individual is suffering from medical problems the THC helps with.

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So why do you assume that all music teaches "bad messages" just because one of the hundreds of types of music does. That would be like not eating any food because pork is a type of food, or not drinking any liquids because alcohol is a liquid.

 

Why listen to music when the Qur'an has much more joy for us? Distractions from religion are never a good thing.

 

Salam.

Edited by Layna

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:sl:

 

I found this and thought it was quite interesting:

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"############sunnah######/msaec/articles/sama.htm"]Source: Sunnah######[/url]

Prophet David's songs were for forgiveness. Owing to his melodious songs, many people expired. This action is praiseworthy and to give encouragement for this is also praiseworthy.

What does this mean? Was David "killing them softly with his songs"? If he was, why is that praiseworthy?

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I know for 1 thing that Micheal Jackson and Madonna, if backtracked, it talks about the devil. Read it in a book long ago.

 

I for 1 listen to rock music, and i like it. The difference between Rock and other things likes R&B and Hip Hop, is that its not about talking about girls/sex/drugs/alcohol. Its got depth, some songs express themselves, and the only way they can really express themselves is by music. I can truthfully say taht Music cannot/willnot take over my life, simply because the kind of rock music i come across is quite difficult, and sometimes i get fed up off rock for a while until i end up hearing about a new artist. Sometimes i dont understand the lyrics, i just love listening to the tune, and since i like games, i like to think about mixing the 2 together. Its just an experiance to me. I for one can say that when a person listens to R&B or Hip Hop, it influences them in the wrong way. i had a friend who is now become a hip hop addict. Some of my other friends, who listen to rock, are just very down to earth people.

 

 

Example: My old school friends, we have like 20 in the class. 15 out of them like hip hop, and are obsessed with having gf/sex/acting bad. The last 5 who listen to rock, are very down to earth, talk about going trips, future things, future life and what we wanna do, having a laugh.

 

To me, all R&B and Hiphop/rap songs are influenced by the devil. 90% of the meanings are regarding Sex/acting like a tart/pimp. Many muslims call this "modernising" when not wearing a hijab, wearing long skirts and trowsers(unless its a work policy which i guess is understandable, but the skirt should be a full skirt so no skin is showing).Makes me wonder if they are just trying to get attention. Most of the people who dress like this like that sort of music. I beg for someone to prove me wrong on this point.

 

. Rock however is different in practically every way.

 

I for 1 in the future want to take up 2 instruments, thats electrical guitar and piano, just for the sake of doing it. When im training, i like listening to rock, when im in a calm mood, i like listening to piano. Rock gives you the agression to train, piano gives you the calmness. If i went to an extent saying i would wanna make a rock group, then i know i will be in the wrong. At the moment though, i dont feel as though im doing anything wrong, nor doing anything right. I feel as though as what im doing as makrooh. I am listening to music, but music that doesnt influence me to do bad stuff like sex/drugs/alcohol or anything along those lines.

 

This is my oppinion on music as a whole.

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Hi all

 

I know for 1 thing that Micheal Jackson and Madonna, if backtracked, it talks about the devil. Read it in a book long ago.

 

Hehe wow then it must be true hey?..... thats as crazy as when they said Lady Diana's death was for-told in the Bible. I imagine if you played a recording of the Koran it too would say some random words.

 

I for 1 listen to rock music, and i like it. The difference between Rock and other things likes R&B and Hip Hop, is that its not about talking about girls/sex/drugs/alcohol.

 

Would like to know what "Rock groups" you listen too hehe. You know the saying "Sex Drugs & Rock n roll" kind of gos together. :sl:

 

Peace

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salam alaikom

sorry for my bad english!

i just wanna say: there is no quranic verse no hadith who forbidden music anyway, exept that is daiif or false understanding. and on top of that i'm just asking what's the reason God will forbidd the music for, there is no reason, and on other hand we find a lot of traditional texts means that a lot of ulama and fuqaha were listening music.[/[using large font size is not allowed]size]

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Salaam.

 

Music has a way of rubbing off emotions upon it's listeners. It reverberates itself in the hearts of men on a whim. In this respect it's an addiction. The beats and accompanied singing [if any] has a way of subliminally etching it's way into the hearts of men. Have you ever heard someone say that "I can't get that song out of my head"? Do they refuse to purge it from their minds or is it compulsive? It will dominate them, making them go out of their way to peak a listen to that song. Mentally music can be really harmful, and you must try your best to omit it from your hearts. It is hard to remove this bitter sweet habit, but you must try your best. Allah knows best.

 

Have you noticed that the gradient has shifted itself from the time of the prophet to the present day? Back in the time of the prophet, they faced greater physical hardship compared to mental conflict. Present day, the gradient has shifted in favor for less physical demand and more toward the mental end of the spectrum. For the people of the past, they had to walk miles to accomplish something. For the people of the present, all they have to do is make a choice and reinforce it.

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salam alaikom

sorry for my bad english!

i just wanna say: there is no quranic verse no hadith who forbidden music anyway, exept that is daiif or false understanding. and on top of that i'm just asking what's the reason God will forbidd the music for, there is no reason, and on other hand we find a lot of traditional texts means that a lot of ulama and fuqaha were listening music.[/[using large font size is not allowed]size]

 

Corrupter of the Heart: Attachment to Other Than Allaah (including Music)

 

 

This is the absolute worst of the corrupters. There is none more harmful than attachment to other than Allaah, nor more able to cut the heart off from Allaah, and block it from what is beneficial to it and what will bring it true happiness. If a heart becomes attached to other than Allaah such as listening to music, Allaah makes him dependent on what he is attached to such as listening to music and he will be betrayed by it and he will not achieve what he was seeking from Allaah as long as he is attached to other than Allaah for example listening to songs and turning to others besides Him. Thus, he will not obtain what he sought from Allaah nor will what he was attached to besides Allaah bring it for him

 

The person most betrayed is the one who is attached to other than Allaah. For what he missed of benefits, happiness and success is far greater that what he obtained from that to what he was attached, and it is exposed to disappearance and loss. The example of one attached to other than Allaah is like one seeking shade from the heat and cold in a spider’s web (home), the weakest wahn of homes.

 

 

Attachment to music obscures ones heart and you may not even realize that. Music intoxicates ones heart and only Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala knows what other effects music has to our heart and minds. We only recognize what we see and hear, but we ignore the unseen and invisible. Do we know how the sound waves affect our health in this life and in the afterlife? Do we have all the knowledge concering jinn and shayateen how listening affects their behaviour towards us? Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala knows what is best for us.

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Salam,

 

So are you assuming that all music has negative effects? Are you assuming that all music acts as an attactchment to something other than Allah? Im not sure exactly how music is synonymous with replacement of Allah...People can mistakenly and dellusionally replace Allah with many things in their lives...with anything infact...The only thing that you have said taht i agree with 100% is when you say :

 

'Do we know how the sound waves affect our health in this life and in the afterlife? Do we have all the knowledge concering jinn and shayateen how listening affects their behaviour towards us? Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala knows what is best for us.'

 

That i agree with, however...to suggest that music automatically prompts one to replace Allah, i would not agree with. Maybe like alcohol, music may have benefits but have much greater risk.

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I have a BIG controversy with music myself, i'v heard stuff about how our prophet (pbuh) was involved with musical instruments and the like, and then iv also heard from day1 and the religous dudes i hang out with that music is considered to be haram! so theres a 'yes' and a 'no'. However im confused but do believe that music can be a risk,.... BUT what if it was just plain music like jazz and no lyrics involved (since thats what i listen to)? would that be considered forbidden since theres no love lyrics involved...

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Salam,

 

So are you assuming that all music has negative effects? Are you assuming that all music acts as an attactchment to something other than Allah? Im not sure exactly how music is synonymous with replacement of Allah...People can mistakenly and dellusionally replace Allah with many things in their lives...with anything infact...The only thing that you have said taht i agree with 100% is when you say :

 

'Do we know how the sound waves affect our health in this life and in the afterlife? Do we have all the knowledge concering jinn and shayateen how listening affects their behaviour towards us? Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala knows what is best for us.'

 

That i agree with, however...to suggest that music automatically prompts one to replace Allah, i would not agree with. Maybe like alcohol, music may have benefits but have much greater risk.

 

Assalamu Alaykum

 

I was mainly speaking about my own experiences, because I get easily attached to music and I have difficulties giving it up just for the sake of Allah, especially when I listen to it excessively. When I listen to music, I have trouble attaching myself to Qur'an and when I listen to Qur'an sometimes I feel annoyed or bored. There are also times when I listen to music excessively, I start to miss Qur'an Recitation and when I listen to Qur'an again, it is soothing my heart. I was talking about my personal experience.

 

Our opinions and experiences are not necessary the source of Sharee'ah, but Qur'an-and-Sunnah, Ijmaa', and Ijtihaad/Qiyaas by scholars etc.

 

In one hadeeth, Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala mentions musical instruments among adultery/fornication, alcohol, and gambling in one sentence!

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:sl:

I second brother muhsinmuttaqi in this.

From my own experience too, cutting on the time you listen to music greatly enhances your appreciation when you listen to Quran recitation.

 

When a good sheikh recites the Quran, he is actually using a musical notation scale. Some reciters change scales as they recite. Music, on the other hand, uses lots of that plus many other musical rules, such as harmony, chords, beat, multiple instruments, choral and arrangements. This all adds to the attraction, and so music is much tempting to listen to. If you allow that to fill your feelings and fill your heart, there will be little room, if any, left for the Quran. There is a unique beauty in the Quran. Those with obsession to music hardly find any room in their heart for the Quran. So, practically speaking, setting all fatawa and rulings aside, music DOES affect your appreciation of the beauty within the Quran.

 

:sl:

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:sl:

not sure if this hadeeth has been quoted (i only heard this yesterday from my Imam)

 

The issue was that a Prophet (:sal:) cannot do make any mistakes and even if they want to, Allah will not let them. *background is required* so as an example Imam said:

 

Once Holy Prophet (:sal:) saw a drum or heard someone playing the drum and He just thought maybe I should concentrate there but as soon as this thought came to Him, Allah made him go to sleep.

 

The point is that if Allah STOPPED his beloved Prophet :sal: from even thinking about drum, then who are we to say Music is halal.

 

side note1. Prophets do NOT make any mistakes/sins UNLESS there is some reasoning behind for example: Adam (:sal:) made mistake of eating grain, but that was the plan. Also sometimes Prophets asks other or do something but this is ONLY for us humans to know ie this drum thing if Prophet :sal: didnt do this then maybe we couldnt say music is definitely haram

 

side note 2: why waste our time listening to music when we have years of Qada prayers left, and even if we havent we could still get close to Allah by doing nafals reciting Quran etc.

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:sl:

not sure if this hadeeth has been quoted (i only heard this yesterday from my Imam)

 

The issue was that a Prophet (:sal:) cannot do make any mistakes and even if they want to, Allah will not let them. *background is required* so as an example Imam said:

 

Once Holy Prophet (:sal:) saw a drum or heard someone playing the drum and He just thought maybe I should concentrate there but as soon as this thought came to Him, Allah made him go to sleep.

 

The point is that if Allah STOPPED his beloved Prophet :sal: from even thinking about drum, then who are we to say Music is halal.

 

side note1. Prophets do NOT make any mistakes/sins UNLESS there is some reasoning behind for example: Adam (:sal:) made mistake of eating grain, but that was the plan. Also sometimes Prophets asks other or do something but this is ONLY for us humans to know ie this drum thing if Prophet :sal: didnt do this then maybe we couldnt say music is definitely haram

 

side note 2: why waste our time listening to music when we have years of Qada prayers left, and even if we havent we could still get close to Allah by doing nafals reciting Quran etc.

:j:

 

:no:

 

for this..i agree with you too.

 

May Allah SWT guide us to the right path A'ameen

 

:sl:

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Imam Warith Deen Mohammed on music in Al-Islam!

 

"So, dear beloved Muslims, I hope to carry on this talk some more. Insha'Allah, this evening, with the entertainment. We hope we have nice entertainment here. I don't want to miss it, I came here for everything. I came here for the meeting, I came here for the entertainment. Some people say, "This is no entertainment, we want to go to work." I find that music is productive in economics, in the factory, on the job, the natives in the Third World, they go and row out to sea to get the fish, and they use rhythm, singing a song, and oaring with the rhythm---(illustrates) productive. Yea, we want to hit that tree with the ax, knock it down for buidling a log house--(demonstrates the rhythm) Allahu Akbar. When we get through, we are not tired and ugly. The way you all go at things after you do the job you want to kill your wife, you go back home and kill the baby, look at the baby and stab the baby. Because you are so up-tight, you came down here like rigid monsters. You have to be able to be a complete human being. Do the work for Allah, have the Jumah, do that, listen to the brothers sing songs. We are not here to introduce savage songs, vulgar songs. These are going to be beautiful songs, to help the Islamic spirit, to help the community spirit. We want to hear our brothers and sisters sing. We want to hear the musicians, because we want them to play in this spirit, not in the spirit of the drunken world. This is how we are going to build a community life." Imam W. Deen Mohammed "Elijahville in 1982"

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When a good sheikh recites the Quran, he is actually using a musical notation scale. Some reciters change scales as they recite.

I am interested in this. What makes a good recitation of the Quran? does anyone have any examples?

 

I have heard a few Islamic prayers, sometimes I listen to them both because I like the intonations and because I find them soothing (please let me know if this is an abuse of the tradition) and I am curious as to what determines a 'good' reciter or Quranic verses according to someone entrenched in the culture.

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Peace seacow, first of all welcome to the Team, What makes the recitation of Qur'aan beautiful is whan the person reading it reads slow following all the rules of Tajweed. Tajweed is a broad field, please check the link below to get a feel of what Tajweed is.

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetabouttajweed(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/principles.htm"]What is Tajweed:[/url]

 

Reciting the Quran like a song by making your voise shake and go up and down like waves is not recommended, but some people do read like that, and they do not necessarily follow the rules of Tajweed.

 

I am afraid I might be going off topic here, but the Topic of Tajweed is a Passion in our family, so I can go on and on and on, but I better stop.

 

Peace umAhmad.

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Peace seacow

 

Here are some examples of using different notation scales and how they give different flavors when you listen to these reciters. The examples I'll give here are all recitations of the same chapter. I picked a very short chapter, '103 - Al Asr' for easier observation:

 

reciter Hany Al-refa'ey

 

reciter Sa'ad Al-ghamdy

 

reciter Al Afaasy

 

reciter Al Sudais

 

reciter Abdul Baset Abdul samad

 

reciter Al-barrak

 

reciter Al-hudhaify

 

reciter Mohammad Jebreel

 

reciter Mostafa Isma'eel

 

The same rules of tajweed are followed in all the above recitations, but each reciter uses a different notation approach, and different scale. Actually, tajweed and notations are 2 different things. Tajweed is essential and required, while notation is optional but recommended. You can recite the Quran with tajweed but in a monotone, with no notations. That's how most of us recite the Quran when we pray alone. But using scales is what makes reciting more beautiful, like when we pray in congregation and listen to the imam (leader of the prayer). A good imam can easily make you weep as you listen to his recitation during prayer. Its how the reciter feels the words and verses and transmit those feelings to you, using tones and notes. And that's what makes each reciter unique in the way he recites the Quran. Some reciters also excel to the degree that they change scales as they recite. Reciter Mohammad Jebreel is famous for that, and he chooses the scales according to the feel of the verses, for example to give strong notes when reciting what awaits non-believers in the day of judgment, and soft dreamy scales when reciting verses of paradise/jannah.

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In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

 

Here is the clarification for singing and music in the light of fatwa issued by Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi:

 

The whole issue of singing is controversial, whether it is with musical accompaniment or not. Some issues succeeded to gain the Muslim scholars’ agreement, while others failed. All scholars have unanimous view on the prohibition of all forms of singing and music that incites debauchery, indecency, or sin. As for musical instruments, given the weakness of the evidence indicating that they are forbidden, the rule to be applied here is the one states that all things are originally deemed permissible as long as there is no Shari`ah text that prohibits them.

 

Singing is no more than melodious words; if these are good, singing is considered good; but if they are bad, such singing is deemed bad. Talk that contains forbidden content is prohibited. What if that talk is accompanied with rhythm and melody?

 

Scholars agree on the permissibility of singing without instrumental accompaniment and where the content is not prohibited. This sort of singing is allowed only in certain occasions such as: weddings, feasts, welcoming a traveler, and the like. This is based on the hadith of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) that states: “He (peace and blessings be upon him) asked, ‘Have you given the girl (i.e., the bride) anything as a present?’ They (the attendants) replied, ‘Yes.’ He asked, 'Did you send a singer along with her?' 'No', said `A'ishah. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then said, 'The Ansar are a people who love poetry. You should have sent along someone who would sing: Here we come, to you we come, greet us as we greet you.'" In this case, we can say that a woman can sing only in front of women and her non-marriageable male kin.

 

In the subject of musical instruments, scholars disagree on the matter. Some of them permit all sorts of singing, be it accompanied with musical instruments or not, and even consider it recommended. A second group of scholars permit singing only when is not accompanied with a musical instrument. A third group declare it to be prohibited whether it be accompanied with a musical instrument or not; they even consider it as a major sin. In supporting their view, they cite the hadith narrated by Imam Al-Bukhari on the authority of Abu Malik or Abu `Amir Al-Ash`ari (doubt from the sub-narrator) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, 'From among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual intercourse, the wearing of silk (clothes), the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use of musical instruments, as lawful.' Although this hadith is in Sahih Al-Bukhari, its chain of transmission is not connected to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and this invalidates its authenticity. Ibn Hazm rejects it for that very reason. Moreover, the sub-narrator, Hisham Ibn `Ammar is declared ‘weak’ by many scholars of the Science of Hadith Methodology.

 

Besides, this hadith does not clearly prohibit the use of musical instruments, for the phrase 'consider as lawful,' according to Ibn Al-`Arabi, has two distinct meanings:

 

First: Such people think all these (the things mentioned) are lawful.

 

Second: They exceed the proper limits that should be observed in using these instruments. If the first meaning is intended, such people would be thus disbelievers.

 

In fact, the hadith in hand dispraises the manners of a group of people who indulge themselves in luxuries, drinking alcohol and listening to music. Therefore, Ibn Majah narrates this hadith from Abu Malik Al-Ash`ari in the following wording: "From among my followers there will be some people who will drink wine, giving it other names while they listen to musical instruments and the singing of female singers; Allah the Almighty will make the earth swallow them and will turn them into monkeys and pigs.” (Reported by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih)

 

Conclusion on Permissibility of Musical Instruments

 

In the light of the above, it is clear that the religious texts that stand as a basis for those who maintain that singing is haram are either ambiguous or inauthentic. None of the hadiths attributed to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) is valid as evidence on the judgment of prohibition. Moreover, all these hadiths are declared ‘weak’ by the followers of Ibn Hazm, Malik, Ibn Hanbal, and Ash-Shafi`i.

 

In his book, Al-Ahkam, Al-Qadi Abu Bakr Ibn Al-`Arabi says, “None of the hadiths maintaining that singing is prohibited are considered authentic (by the scholars of the Science of Hadith Methodology).” The same view is maintained by Al-Ghazali and Ibn An-Nahwi in Al-`Umdah. Ibn Tahir says, “Not even a single letter from all these Hadiths was proved to be authentic.”

 

Ibn Hazm says, “All the hadiths narrated in this respect were invented and falsified.”

 

Proofs of Those Who Maintain that Singing is Halal:

 

First: The Textual Proofs:

 

They base their argument on some authentic hadiths of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). One of these hadiths is the following:

 

`A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: “Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him, came to my house while two girls were singing beside me the songs of Bu`ath (a story about the pre-Islamic war between the two tribes of the Ansar, the Khazraj and the Awus). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) laid down and turned his face to the other side. Then Abu Bakr came and spoke to me harshly saying, ‘Musical instruments of Satan near the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)?’ Thereupon, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) turned his face towards him and said, ‘Leave them.’ When Abu Bakr became inattentive, I signaled to those girls to go out and they left.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

 

This indicates that these two girls were not so young as claimed by some scholars. If they were, Abu Bakr would not have been angry with them in such manner. In addition, in this hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) wanted to teach the Jews that Islam has room for merriment and that he himself was sent with a moderate and flexible legislation. There is also another important lesson to learn here. It draws our attention to the fact that one needs to introduce Islam to others in a good fashion, along with displaying its moderateness and magnanimity.

 

Moreover, we can also cite as corroborating this Allah’s words that read, “But when they spy some merchandise or pastime they break away to it and leave thee standing. Say: That which Allah hath is better than pastime and than merchandise, and Allah is the best of providers.” (Al-Jumu`ah: 11)

 

In this verse, Allah Almighty joins pastime with merchandise. He does not dispraise any of them, He just only rebuked the Companions who left Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) alone giving the khutbah (Friday Sermon), when they all rushed to attend to the caravan and beating of the drums celebrating its arrival.

 

Second: In Respect of Islam’s Spirit and Basics:

 

It is a fact that Allah had prohibited for the Children of israel some of the good things of this worldly life as a punishment for their misdeeds.

 

He says, “Because of the wrongdoing of the Jews, We forbade them good things which were (before) made lawful unto them, and because of their much hindering from Allah's way. And of their taking usury when they were forbidden it, and of their devouring people's wealth by false pretences. We have prepared for those of them who disbelieve a painful doom.” (An-Nisa’: 160-161)

 

Before sending Prophet Muhammad, He Almighty referred to him in the earlier scriptures as, “Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and the Gospel (which are) with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all good things and prohibit for them only the foul.” (Al-A`raf: 157)

 

Thus, Islam left nothing good or sound but declared it to be halal (lawful). This is a sign of mercy to this Ummah (nation or community), moving along the line of its comprehensive and eternal message. Allah Almighty says, “They ask you (O Muhammad) what is made lawful for them. Say: (all) good things are made lawful for you.” (Al-Ma’idah: 4)

 

If we are to delve deeply into this matter, we will find that love for singing and melodic voices are almost a human instinct. We can observe an infant lying in his cradle soothed and sleeping by the sound of a lullaby. Mothers and nannies are always in the habit of singing for babies and children. Moreover, birds and animals respond to nice voices and rhythmic melodies.

 

Thereupon, if singing is thus a human instinct, it is not for Islam to defy humankind’s instincts. Islam came to refine and promote the human instinct. Ibn Taymyiah says, “Prophets were sent to polish and discipline man’s instinct and not to change or modify it.” This is pursuant to the hadith that reads, “When Allah’s Messenger came to Madinah, he found them (i.e., the people of Madinah) celebrating two days. He said, ‘What are these days?’ They replied, ‘We used to rejoice in these days during the pre-Islamic era.’ He (peace and blessings be upon him) said, ‘Verily, Allah Almighty has given you two alternative days which are much better: these are Al-Adha and Al-Fitr days (`Eids).’” (Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i)

 

Moreover, if singing is to be considered rejoicing and play, these are not haram; this is in pursuant to the famous idea that man needs some time to relax a bit and rejoice. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said to Hanzalah who thought himself to be a hypocrite for his attendance to his wife and children and the change that affected him when he was apart from Allah’s Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), “O Hanzalah! Part of your time should be devoted (to the worldly affairs) and part of time (should be devoted to prayer and meditation).” (Reported by Muslim)

 

`Ali Ibn Abu Talib says, “Amuse yourselves for some time, for if hearts are exposed to too much strain, they turn blind.”

 

Abu Ad-Darda’ said, “I refresh myself with some amusement in order to make myself stronger on the path of right.”

 

Imam Al-Ghazali answered someone who asked him: “Isn't singing some kind of play and rejoice?” He said, “Yes. But, all that exists in this present life is mere play and rejoice. All that takes place between a husband and his wife is play, except sexual intercourse that is the direct cause of reproducing children. This has been reported from Allah’s Messenger and his honorable Companions.”

 

In fact, leisure time is refreshing to the heart and alleviates its tensions at the same time. Excessive strain and efforts render the heart bored and blind. Amusing the self refreshes and renews its strength and vigor. One who continuously works hard at something should take a break for a while in order to restore and regain his energy and firm will lest he totally collapses in future. When one takes a break, he thus restores his strength and vigor. Only Prophets can stand absolute seriousness. Having leisure time is a form of treatment for diseases of the self, weariness and boredom. But, leisure should not be excessive. This will go against the whole issue of rejoicing hearts to make them able to go on.

 

One who is familiar with and experienced in the nature of the human heart and self knows for certain that recreation and relaxation are necessary treatments for one’s well-being.

 

These proofs on the permissibility of singing are extracted from the texts and rules of Islam, and these are sufficient to clarify the issue.

 

In addition to this, the people of Madinah, who were very pious and God-fearing, the Zahiriyyah, who were very literal regarding the textual proofs, and the Sufis, who were very strict and rigid, were all quoted to have declared the permissibility of singing.

 

Imam Ash-Shawkani says in his book “Nayl Al-Awtar”, “The people of Madinah and those who agreed with them from among the Zahiriyyah and the Sufis maintain that singing is permissible, even when it is accompanied by a musical instrument such as the lute or the flute. Abu Mansur Al-Bughdadi Ash-Shafi`i narrate that `Abdullah Ibn Ja`far saw nothing wrong in singing, and he, himself, used to compose the music for his own slaves who used to sing these melodies in his presence. This took place during the time of Commander of the Faithful, `Ali Ibn Abi Talib. Abu Ja`far Al-Bughdadi narrates the same after Al-Qadi Shurayh, Sa`id Ibn Al-Musaiyb, `Ata’ Ibn Abu Rabah, Az-Zuhri and Ash-Shi`bi.”

 

Ar-Ruwaiyani narrates on the authority of Al-Qaffal that Malik Ibn Anas maintained that singing with musical instruments is permissible. Also, Abu Mansur Al-Furani quotes Malik as maintaining that playing the flute is permissible.

 

Abu Al-Fadl Ibn Tahir narrates, “The people of Madinah never disputed over the permissibility of playing the lute.”

 

Ibn An-Nahwi narrates in his “Al-`Umdah”: “Ibn Tahir said, ‘The people of Madinah showed consensus over this (issue). Also, all the Zahiriyyah maintained the same.'”

 

Al-Mawardi attributes the permissibility of playing the lute to some of the Shafi`i followers and students. This has been narrated also by Abu Al-Fadl Ibn Tahir after Abu Ishaq Ash-Shirazi; and it is narrated by Al-Isnawi after Ar-Ruwaiyani and Al-Mawardi. Again, this is narrated by Al-Adfuwi after Sheikh `Izz Ad-Deen Ibn `Abd As-Salam. It is also narrated after Abu Bakr Ibn Al-`Arabi.

 

All these scholars consider singing that is accompanied by musical instruments permissible, but as for singing that is not accompanied by musical instruments, Al-Adfuwi says, “In some of his jurisprudence-related books, Al-Ghazali narrates the consensus of the scholars on its permissibility." Also, Ibn Tahir narrates the consensus of the Prophet’s Companions and those who succeeded them on this very topic. Ibn An-Nahwi states in Al-`Umdah that singing and listening was deemed permissible by a group of the Companions and the Followers.

 

Conditions and Terms:

 

There are some conditions and terms that should be observed regarding listening to singing, as follows:

 

1. Not all sorts of singing are permissible. Rather, the permissible song should comply with the Islamic teachings and ethics. Therefore, the songs praising the tyrants and corrupt rulers disagree with Islamic teachings. In fact, Islam stands against transgressors and their allies, and those who show indifference to their transgression. So, the same goes for those songs that imply giving praises to such attitude!

 

2. Also, the way the song is performed weighs so much. The theme of the song may be good, but the performance of the singer – through intending excitement and arousing others’ lusts and desires along with trying to seduce them – may move it to the area of prohibition, suspicion or even detest. The Glorious Qur’an addresses the wives of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) saying, “O you wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allah), then be not soft of speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease aspire (to you), but utter customary speech." (Al-Ahzab: 32) So, one has to show caution to music when there is softness of speech accompanied with rhyme, melody, and special effects!

 

3. Singing should not be accompanied with something that is prohibited such as alcohol, nakedness, mixing of men with women that is common in pubs and nightclubs, etc.

 

4. Islam has declared excessiveness as prohibited in everything. The same goes for excessiveness in leisure and recreation even though these things are permissible ! This indicates that the emptiness of the mind and heart has to be observed and tackled during man’s short-term life. One should know that Allah Almighty will ask every one about his life and his youth in particular.

 

There are some things in which one is to be his own judge and Mufti. If there is some kind of singing that arouses his own lust or desire, and takes him away from the real life, he should avoid it then and block that very gate from which the winds of trial and seduction may come and erase his religion, morals and heart. If he does this, he will live in peace and tranquility.

 

Warning against playing with the word “haram”

 

To conclude, we address the respectful scholars who tackle the word “haram” easily and set it free in their writings and fatwas that they should observe that Allah is watching over them in all that they say or do. They should also know that this word “haram” is very dangerous. It means that Allah’s Punishment is due on a certain act or saying, and should not be based upon guessing, whims, weak Hadiths, not even through an old book. It has to be supported by a clear, well-established text or valid consensus. If these last two are not found, then we revert the given act or saying to the original rule: "permissibility governing things". We do have a good example to follow from one of our earlier pious scholars. Imam Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “It was not the habit of those who preceded us, the early pious Muslims, who set good example for the following generations, to say, 'This is halal, and this is haram. But, they would say, ‘I hate such-and-such, and maintain such-and-such, but as for halal and haram, this is what may be called inventing lies concerning Allah. Did not you hear Allah’s Statement that reads, 'Say: Have you considered what provision Allah has sent down for you, how you have made of it lawful and unlawful? Say: Has Allah permitted you, or do you invent a lie concerning Allah?” (Yunus: 59) For, the halal is what Allah and His Messenger made lawful, and the haram is what Allah and His Messenger made unlawful.

 

Source: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/servlet/Satellite?pagename=IslamOnline-English-Ask_Scholar/FatwaE/FatwaE&cid=1119503544202"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/servlet/Satelli...d=1119503544202[/url]

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Assalamu Aleykum wa rahmatullah

 

I haven't been following the whole topic but this might be another point of view about music wa Allahu alem. I take this text from another forum where the same question arouse.

---------------------------

 

Bismillah

alhamdulillah wa salatu wa salamu ala rasulillah

 

The ruling on music is that it is haraam, and ill inshaAllah give you proofs for it.

 

the 4 madhhabs (I translated it from a bosnian text so the english might not be the best but inshaAllah its good enough to understand).

 

The Hanafi madhhab:

 

Music is haraam, except the daff at moments of joy (marriage, circumsision, eed)

 

Use of other kinds of music is not allowed in theese or other occasions.

 

In the Al-Fatawa al-hindiyye it says: "They have scattered opinions about singing (without music): some forbade it alltime and said that listening to singing is sin. This thought was also the thought of Shaykhul-Islam (Alee b. Muhammad al-Isbeejani) but if someone would hear singing unintentionally, there would be no sin on him. Some have the thought that singing isnt forbidden if (ako će koristiti u svrhu versifikacije poezije ili jezične pravilnosti.) if its going to be good in "versifikacije" (maybe its said "Versification"?) of poetry or languagal correctness. Others have the thoght that its only allowed when a man is lonely so that he could get away the lonelyness and sadness, in a manner that it wont be a sort of enterntainment and "razomoda".

This thought is more valid according to Shamsul-Eimmeti As-Serahsi. When poetry contains useful messages or principels from fiqh, then quoting those poetrys is not forbidden." (5/532, the same thing is written in Tebyinul-hakaik 6/13-14).

 

In El-bahrur-raik it says: "in Al-Miraj it says: 'there are two types of enterntainment: first, forbidden, and that to music instruments that excites and irritates (?) without song, like the flute, whether if they are made from wood or reed, or other instruments like the tambourine (...),

 

the other: allowed, and that is the Deff, and that on occations of marriage and the likes which are occations of joy, but its forbidden in other occasions because of the narration in which it says that 'Umar, radiAllahu anhu, when he would hear the daff, he went to seewhy it was used, if it was because of waleema, he wouldnt say anything, but if it was because of anything other he would use the stick. For men its not allowed in any occasion because of that that its imitation of women (...)'

 

In Al-Bezaziye, in chapter Al-Menakib, its narrated an concensus (Ijma) in the question of singing to musical instruments like the lute, about singing without music, then ur already familiar with the disagreement in this question". (7/88)

 

(there is more if ur not convinced that this si the hanafi opinion but for now its enoguh from this part because im getting tired)

 

The Maliki Madhhab

 

Not too much differences from the hanafi

 

Imam Malik forbade singing and if a man buys a female slave and finds out that shees a singer then he has the right to take her back.

 

Imam Malik also forbade every instrument to be used at marriages and other occasions (Ash-Sherhul-Kabeer 4/18)

 

In other Maliki books its also said that music is forbidden. But there are some difference, some maliki scholars say that the daff is allowed at weddings and that singing is disliked if nothing bad is in the text but that its forbidden if the text contains bad stuffs (see Al-Hashiyetul-Adewi 2/565)

 

The Shafi'i Madhhab

 

neither does the shafi'i madhhab differiate much from the 2 latter ones: Singing is Makrooh as long as it doesnt conatain anythuing haraam, if it contains then its haraam, instrumetns are haraam except the daff on marriages, singing to instruments is haraam.

 

there is evidences but ill not translate them now, because its 9pm and im going to read my homework inshaAllah, but if u want evidences ill translate them inshaAllah

 

Hanbali Madhhab

 

neither does this madhhab differiate except about the kadib (a special stick made from reed that you hit with your fingers), one opinion is that the kadib is makrooh and that without clapping the hands, singing or dance (al-mughni, 14/160), the other is that its haraam (Al-Furu 5/237)

 

Its makroof to listen to singing without instruments like the lute, tambourine and others, and its haraam when singing to them (see "Al-Keshshaful-kana 6/422)

 

The daff is Allowed when at marriages and the trum (skin over an hollow cylinder) at war

 

Singing without anything makrooh or haraam: 2 opinions: first that its forbidden and other that its disliked

 

as long as the singing contains anything haraam, the singing is haraam

 

singing to music is haraam altime

 

 

--------------------------------

 

 

It was reported in a saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “In my ummah there will be people who allow fornication/adultery (zina), silk, wine and musical instruments

[ma’aazif]. Some people will stay at the side of a mountain, and they will have flocks of sheep. When a poor person comes in the evening to ask them for something he needs, they will say. ‘Come back to us tomorrow.’ Then during the night Allaah will destroy them by causing the mountain to fall upon them, while He changes others into apes and swine. They will remain in such a state until the Day of Resurrection.’â€

 

(Reported by al-Bukhaari in al-Saheeh mu’allaqan, 51/10. Reported mawsoolan by al-Bayhaqi in al-Sunan al-Kubra, 3/272; al-Tabaraani in al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, 3/319; and Ibn Hibbaan in al-Saheeh (8/265-266). Classed as saheeh by Ibn al-Salaah in ‘Uloom al-Hadeeth (32), Ibn al-Qayyim in Ighaathat al-Lahfaan (255) and Tahdheeb al-Sunan (5/270-272), al-Haafiz in al-Fath (10/51) and al-Albaani in al-Saheehah (1/140)).

 

Ibn al-Qayyim said in Ighaathat al-Lahfaan (1/256):

 

The evidence for this is that ma’aazif refers to all kinds of things used for entertainment. There is no dispute among scholars of the Arabic language on this point. If they were halaal, he would not have condemned those who permitted them, or compared permitting them to permitting wine and zina.

 

We may understand from the hadeeth that all kinds of musical instruments are forbidden. This is clear from the hadeeth for a number of reasons:

 

1.

 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said “… there will be people who allow…†It is clear that the things listed here, including musical instruments, are forbidden in sharee’ah, but those people will allow them.

2.

 

He compared musical instruments to things that are definitely known to be haraam, namely zina and alcohol. If instruments were not haraam, he would not have made this comparison. The evidence of this hadeeth that singing is haraam is definitive. Even if no other hadeeth or aayah spoke about musical instruments, this hadeeth would be sufficient to prove that they are haraam, especially the kind of singing that is known among people nowadays, the essence of which is obscenity and foul talk, based on all kinds of musical instruments such as guitars, drums, flutes, ouds, zithers, organs, pianos, violins and other things that make it more enticing, such as the voices of these effeminate singers and whores.

 

(See Hukm al-Ma’aazif by al-Albaani, Tas-heeh al-Ahkta’ wa’l-Awhaam al-Waaqi’ah fi Ahaadeeth al-Nabi ‘alayhi’l-salaam by Raa’id Sabri, 1/176).

 

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 3/423-424):

 

“Ma’aazif refers to singing and musical instruments. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that at the end of time there will come a people who will allow these things just as they will allow alcohol, zina and silk. This is one of the signs of his Prophethood, for all of this has happened. The hadeeth indicates that [musical instruments] are haraam, and condemns those who say they are halaal, just as it condemns those who say that alcohol and zina are allowed...

 

Shaykh al-Islam said in al-Fataawa (11/569):

 

“I know that in the ‘golden age’, the first and best three centuries, in the Hijaaz, in Syria, in the Yemen, in Egypt, in the Maghreb, in Iraq, in Khorasan, none of the religious and righteous people, the ascetics and those who worshipped Allaah much, would gather to listen to this whistling and clapping and drum-beating and so on. This was innovated after that at the end of the second century, and whenever the imaams saw it, they denounced it.â€

 

As for these anaasheed which are described as “Islamic†but are accompanied with musical instruments, giving them this name lends them some measure of legitimacy, but in fact they are singing and music, so calling them Islamic nasheeds is falsehood and deception. They cannot be a substitute for singing, as an evil thing cannot be substituted for another evil thing. We should replace something evil with something good. Listening to it on the grounds that it is Islamic and an act of worship is bid’ah, and Allaah does not allow this. We ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound.

 

For more information, see:

 

Talbees Iblees (237) and al-Madkhil by Ibn al-Haaj (3/109); al-Amr bi’l-Ittibaa’ wa’l-Nahy ‘an al-Ibtidaa’ by al-Suyooti (99 ff); Dham al-Malaahi by Ibn Abi’l-Dunya; al-I’laam bi-anna al-‘Azif haraam by Abu Bakr al-Jazaa’iri; Tanzeeh al-Sharee’ah ‘an al-Aghaani al-Khalee’ah wa Tahreem Aalaat al-Tarab by al-Albaani.

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Peace seacow, first of all welcome to the Team, What makes the recitation of Qur'aan beautiful is whan the person reading it reads ...

To both you and to Dot thank you very much for your enlightening posts. I hadn't fully understood the concept of Tajweed before. It seems similar to a Jewish custom when reading Torah, and the intention to ensure that the Quran is properly preserved reflects the diacritical notation used by the Jews in later years.

 

It is interesting how the same verses can be expressed quite differently by several individuals, and slightly intimidating that to become a memorizer of the Quran you still must maintain understanding of Tajweed or else your memorization isn't worth nearly as much.

 

Now I am straying off topic, thank you both again for your posts. I am almost sad that I am not doing a project on Quran reciting otherwise I would use the resources Dot has presented

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Peace seacow, I am glad that we were able to explain something to you.

 

Now I am straying off topic, thank you both again for your posts. I am almost sad that I am not doing a project on Quran reciting otherwise I would use the resources Dot has presented

 

A little straying off the topic usually happens as long as it is not damaging to the thread, so, no harm done.

 

Why not do a project for yourself, just to increase your knowledge.

 

I was watching the International Qur'aan competition held in Dubai every Ramadhan on the internet, and was really amazed how well the children had the Qur'aan memorized, SubhanAllah, the beauty of it was, there are 70 children from 70 different countries and their recitation is one and the same, a bit different style, and different voice, but the same words and recited beautifully. There is a age limit of 21 years, and the 2007 winner of the competition was a 11 year old from BanglaDesh.

 

After hearing the recitations of these children, I was wondering, WHO NEEDS MUSIC TO RELAX, May Allah preserve the Quraan in these childrens hearts and minds and benefit them in both the worlds, ameen.

 

If anyone wants to listen here is the link:

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetquran.gov.ae/content/view/260/79/lang,english/"]International Quran Competition in Dubai:[/url]

 

If you want to listen to the 11 year old read, click on day 5 at the bottom of the main page.

 

Assalamu alaikum, umAhmad.

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In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

 

Here is the clarification for singing and music in the light of fatwa issued by Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi:

 

All these scholars consider singing that is accompanied by musical instruments permissible, but as for singing that is not accompanied by musical instruments, Al-Adfuwi says, “In some of his jurisprudence-related books, Al-Ghazali narrates the consensus of the scholars on its permissibility." Also, Ibn Tahir narrates the consensus of the Prophet’s Companions and those who succeeded them on this very topic. Ibn An-Nahwi states in Al-`Umdah that singing and listening was deemed permissible by a group of the Companions and the Followers.

 

brother it is clearly refuted the above "scholar" from Schaik alFowzan about his book haraam and halal he does actually viceversa the meaning that what he does.

 

simple music is haram and the instruments too

 

before there are given the evidence i am not goin to repeat what it has been said

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Salam.

 

All four of the great scholars have said music is unlawful. I made this thread because of the PDF file i want to share with the rest of this website. Scroll down to page 3 and it will show you quotes from great scholars who said music is unlawful.

 

you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yettroid(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/media/pdf/music.pdf

 

It's a very insightful and informative read btw. I highly suggest anyone read this file.

 

- Jibran

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Assalaamu 'alaykum and welcome to the forum Jibran

 

You won't be able to post links until you've reached 50 posts, here is the web page you wanted to link:

you are not allowed to post links yettroid(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/media/pdf/music.pdf

 

Seems like the link doesn't work, or maybe I've typed it up incorrectly, could you paste the scholars' quotes on here please brother?

 

On the subject of music, my view is that it distinguishes cultures, nations, people and so forth. It's something nobody today can possibly avoid. Personally, listening to the Qur'aan puts purpose into my life. I particularly enjoy listening to a good recitation, and contemplating over the meaning of verses - it helps me to understand Allah better, and to understand His creation better. I feel optimistic and driven to meet the needs for happiness, peace, practicality, managing important affairs of life and remembering Allah. If this is executed regularly rather than once, it becomes a habit so hard to detach from. So I believe that listening to the Qur'aan should be encouraged at the top of the hierarchy for Muslims, as the principles within the Glorious book will help them in understanding music better. When a human action is put into effect, it is necessary to consider the objective of it, which thus determines whether it is unlawful or not. What's more, anything that is harmful for a person's mind, soul, way of life etc should be prevented. It's really about common sense.

"And when they listen to the revelation received by the messenger, thou wilt see their eyes overflowing with tears, for they recognize the truth! They pray, 'Our Lord, we believe; write us down among the witnesses.'" Surah Al-Ma'idah 5:83

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