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Dr. Jawad

001 Tafsir Sura Al-fatiha

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The Virtues of Al-Hamd

 

 

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal recorded that Al-Aswad bin Sari` said, "I said, `O Messenger of Allah! Should I recite to you words of praise for My Lord, the Exalted, that I have collected' He said,

 

 

«ÃóãóÇ Åöäøó ÑóÈøóßó íõÃöÈøõ ÇáúÃóãúÃó»(Verily, your Lord likes Al-Hamd.)''

 

An-Nasa'i also recorded this Hadith. Furthermore, Abu `Isa At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah recorded that Musa bin Ibrahim bin Kathir related that Talhah bin Khirash said that Jabir bin `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«ÃóÃúÖóáõ ÇáÃøößúÑö áóÇ Åöáåó ÅöáøóÇ Çááåõ¡ æóÃóÃúÖóáõ ÇáÃøõÚóÇÃö ÇáúÃóãúÃõÃöááå»(The best Dhikr (remembering Allah) is La ilaha illallah and the best supplication is Al-Hamdu Lillah.)

 

At-Tirmidhi said that this Hadith is Hasan Gharib. Also, Ibn Majah recorded that Anas bin Malik said that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«ãóÇ ÃóäúÚóãó Çááåõ Úóáóì ÚóÈúÃòäöÚúãóÉð ÃóÞóÇáó: ÇáúÃóãúÃõ ááåö¡ ÅöáøóÇ ßóÇäó ÇáøóÃöí ÃóÚúØóì ÃóÃúÖóáó ãöãøóÇ ÃóÎóÃó»(No servant is blessed by Allah and says,`Al-Hamdu Lillah', except that what he was given is better than that which he has himself acquired.) Further, in his Sunan, Ibn Majah recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«Åöäøó ÚóÈúÃðÇ ãöäú ÚöÈóÇÃö Çááåö ÞóÇáó:íóÇ ÑóÈøö áóßó ÇáúÃóãúÃõ ßóãóÇ íóäúÈóÛöí áöÌóáóÇáö æóÌúåößó æóÚóÙöíãö ÓõáúØóÇäößó. ÃóÚóÖóáóÊú ÈöÇáúãóáóßóíúäö Ãóáóãú íóÃúÑöíóÇ ßóíúÃó íóßúÊõÈóÇäöåóÇ ÃóÕóÚöÃóÇ Åöáóì Çááåö ÃóÞóÇáóÇ: íóÇ ÑóÈøóäóÇ Åöäøó ÚóÈúÃðÇ ÞóÃú ÞóÇáó ãóÞóÇáóÉð áóÇ äóÃúÑöí ßóíúÃó äóßúÊõÈõåóÇ¡ ÞóÇáó Çááåõ¡ æóåõæó ÃóÚúáóãõ ÈöãóÇ ÞóÇáó ÚóÈúÃõåõ: ãóÇÃóÇ ÞóÇáó ÚóÈúÃöí¿ ÞóÇáóÇ: íóÇ ÑóÈøö Åöäøóåõ ÞóÇáó: áóßó ÇáúÃóãúÃõ íóÇ ÑóÈøö ßóãóÇ íóäúÈóÛöí áöÌóáóÇáö æóÌúåößó æóÚóÙöíãö ÓõáúØóÇäößó. ÃóÞóÇáó Çááåõ áóåõãóÇ: ÇßúÊõÈóÇåóÇ ßóãóÇ ÞóÇáó ÚóÈúÃöí¡ ÃóÊøóì íóáúÞóÇäöí ÃóÃóÌúÒöíåö ÈöåóÇ.»(A servant of Allah once said, `O Allah! Yours is the Hamd that is suitable for the grace of Your Face and the greatness of Your Supreme Authority.' The two angels were confused as to how to write these words. They ascended to Allah and said, `O our Lord! A servant has just uttered a statement and we are unsure how to record it for him.' Allah said while having more knowledge in what His servant has said, 'What did My servant say' They said, `He said, `O Allah! Yours is the Hamd that is suitable for the grace of Your Face and the greatness of Your Supreme Authority.' Allah said to them, `Write it as My servant has said it, until he meets Me and then I shall reward him for it.)

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Al before Hamd encompasses all Types of Thanks and Appreciation for Allah

 

The letters Alif and Lam before the word Hamd serve to encompass all types of thanks and appreciation for Allah, the Exalted. A Hadith stated,

 

 

«Çááøóåõãøó áóßó ÇáúÃóãúÃõ ßõáøõåõ¡ æóáóßó Çáúãõáúßõ ßõáøõåõ¡ æóÈöíóÃößó ÇáúÎóíúÑõ ßõáøõåõ¡ æóÅöáóíúßó íõÑúÌóÚõ ÇáúÃóãúÑõ ßõáøõåõ»(O Allah! All of Al-Hamd is due to You, You own all the ownership, all types of good are in Your Hand and all affairs belong to You.)

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The Meaning of Ar-Rabb, the Lord

Ar-Rabb is the owner who has full authority over his property. Ar-Rabb, linguistically means, the master or the one who has the authority to lead. All of these meanings are correct for Allah. When it is alone, the word Rabb is used only for Allah. As for other than Allah, it can be used to say Rabb Ad-Dar, the master of such and such object. Further, it was reported that Ar-Rabb is Allah's Greatest Name.

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The Meaning of Al-`Alamin

 

Al-`Alamin is plural for `Alam, which encompasses everything in existence except Allah. The word `Alam is itself a plural word, having no singular form. The `Alamin are different creations that exist in the heavens and the earth, on land and at sea. Every generation of creation is called an `Alam. Al-Farra` and Abu `Ubayd said, "`Alam includes all that has a mind, the Jinns, mankind, the angels and the devils, but not the animals.'' Also, Zayd bin Aslam and Abu Muhaysin said, `Alam includes all that Allah has created with a soul.'' Further, Qatadah said about,

 

 

[ÑóÈøö ÇáúÚóÜáóãöíäó]

(The Lord of the `Alamin), "Every type of creation is an `Alam.'' Az-Zajjaj also said, "Alam encompasses everything that Allah created, in this life and in the Hereafter.'' Al-Qurtubi commented, "This is the correct meaning, that the `Alam encompasses everything that Allah created in both worlds. Similarly, Allah said,

 

 

[ÞóÇáó ÃöÑúÚóæúäõ æóãóÇ ÑóÈøõ ÇáúÚóÜáóãöíäó - ÞóÇáó ÑóÈøõ ÇáÓøóãóÜæóÊö æóÇáÇøñÑúÖö æóãóÇ Èóíúäóåõãó Åöä ßõäÊõãú ãøõæÞöäöíäó ]

(Fir`awn (Pharaoh) said: "And what is the Lord of the `Alamin'' Musa (Moses) said: "The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty'') (26:23-24).

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Why is the Creation called `Alam

 

 

`Alam is derived from `Alamah, that is because it is a sign testifying to the existence of its Creator and to His Oneness.''

 

 

[ÇáÑøóÃúãóÜäö ÇáÑøóÃöíãö ]

(3. Ar-Rahman (the Most Gracious), Ar-Rahim (the Most Merciful)). Allah said next,

 

 

[ÇáÑøóÃúãóÜäö ÇáÑøóÃöíãö ]

(Ar-Rahman (the Most Gracious), Ar-Rahim (the Most Merciful)) We explained these Names in the Basmalah. Al-Qurtubi said, "Allah has described Himself by `Ar-Rahman, Ar-Rahim' after saying `the Lord of the Alamin', so His statement here includes a warning, and then an encouragement. Similarly, Allah said,

 

 

[äóÈøöìÃú ÚöÈóÇÃöì Ãóäøöì ÃóäóÇ ÇáúÛóÃõæÑõ ÇáÑøóÃöíãõ - æóÃóäøó ÚóÃóÇÈöì åõæó ÇáúÚóÃóÇÈõ ÇáÇøñáöíãõ ]

(Declare (O Muhammad ) unto My servants, that truly, I am the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. And that My torment is indeed the most painful torment.) (15:49-50) Allah said,

 

 

[Åöäøó ÑóÈøóßó ÓóÑöíÚõ ÇáúÚöÞóÇÈö æóÅöäøóåõ áóÛóÃõæÑñ ÑøóÃöíãñ](Surely, your Lord is swift in retribution, and certainly He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) (6:165)

 

Hence, Rabb contains a warning while Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim encourages. Further, Muslim recorded in his Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«áóæú íóÚúáóãõ ÇáúãõÄúãöäõ ãóÇ ÚöäúÃó Çááåö ãöäó ÇáúÚõÞõæÈóÉö ãóÇ ØóãöÚó Ãöí ÌóäøóÊöåö ÃóÃóÃñ¡ æóáóæú íóÚúáóãõ ÇáúßóÇÃöÑõ ãóÇ ÚöäúÃó Çááåö ãöäó ÇáÑøóÃúãóÉö ãóÇ ÞóäóØó ãöäú ÑóÃúãóÊöåö ÃóÃóÃñ»(If the believer knew what punishment Allah has, none would have hope in acquiring His Paradise, and if the disbeliever knew what mercy Allah has, none will lose hope of earning His earning.)

 

 

[ãóÜáößö íóæúãö ÇáÃøöíäö ]

(4. The Owner of the Day of Recompense.)

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Indicating Sovereignty on the Day of Judgment

 

Allah mentioned His sovereignty of the Day of Resurrection, but this does not negate His sovereignty over all other things. For Allah mentioned that He is the Lord of existence, including this earthly life and the Hereafter. Allah only mentioned the Day of Recompense here because on that Day, no one except Him will be able to claim ownership of anything whatsoever. On that Day, no one will be allowed to speak without His permission. Similarly, Allah said,

 

 

[íóæúãó íóÞõæãõ ÇáÑøõæÃõ æóÇáúãóáóÜÆößóÉõ ÕóÃøÇð áÇøó íóÊóßóáøóãõæäó ÅöáÇøó ãóäú ÃóÃöäó áóåõ ÇáÑøóÃúãóÜäõ æóÞóÇáó ÕóæóÇÈÇð ]

(The Day that Ar-Ruh (Jibril (Gabriel) or another angel) and the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom the Most Gracious (Allah) allows, and he will speak what is right.) (78:38),

 

 

[æóÎóÔóÚóÊö ÇáÃóÕúæóÇÊõ áöáÑøóÃúãóÜäö ÃóáÇó ÊóÓúãóÚõ ÅöáÇøó åóãúÓÇð]

(And all voices will be humbled for the Most Gracious (Allah), and nothing shall you hear but the low voice of their footsteps.)(20:108), and,

 

 

[íóæúãó íóÃúÊö áÇó Êóßóáøóãõ äóÃúÓñ ÅöáÇøó ÈöÅöÃúäöåö Ãóãöäúåõãú ÔóÞöìøñ æóÓóÚöíÃñ ]

(On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His (Allah's) leave. Some among them will be wretched and (others) blessed) (11:105).

 

Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn `Abbas commented, "Allah says, `On that Day, no one owns anything that they used to own in the world.'''

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The Meaning of Yawm Ad-Din

 

Ibn `Abbas said, "Yawm Ad-Din is the Day of Recompense for the creatures, meaning the Day of Judgment. On that Day, Allah will reckon the creation for their deeds, evil for evil, good for good, except for those whom He pardons.'' In addition, several other Companions, Tabi`in and scholars of the Salaf, said similarly, for this meaning is apparent and clear from the Ayah.

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Allah is Al-Malik (King or Owner)

 

Allah is the True Owner (Malik) (of everything and everyone). Allah said,

 

 

[åõæó Çááøóåõ ÇáøóÃöì áÇó ÅöáóÜåó ÅöáÇøó åõæó Çáúãóáößõ ÇáúÞõÃøõæÓõ ÇáÓøóáóÜãõ]

(He is Allah, beside Whom La ilaha illa Huwa, the King, the Holy, the One free from all defects) (59:23).

 

Also, the Two Sahihs recorded Abu Hurayrah saying that the Prophet said,

 

 

«ÃóÎúäóÚõ ÇÓúãò ÚöäúÃó Çááåö ÑóÌõáñ ÊóÓóãøóì Èöãóáößö ÇáúÃóãúáóÇßö æóáóÇ ãóÇáößó ÅöáøóÇ Çááåõ»(The most despicable name to Allah is a person who calls himself the king of kings, while there are no owners except Allah.)

 

Also the Two Sahihs recorded that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«íóÞúÈöÖõ Çááåõ ÇáúÃóÑúÖó æóíóØúæöí ÇáÓøóãóÇÃó Èöíóãöíäöåö Ëõãøó íóÞõæáõ: ÃóäóÇ Çáúãóáößõ¡ Ãóíúäó ãõáõæßõ ÇáúÃóÑúÖö¿ Ãóíúäó ÇáúÌóÈøóÇÑõæäó¿ Ãóíúäó ÇáúãõÊóßóÈøöÑõæäó¿»((On the Day of Judgement) Allah will grasp the earth and fold up the heavens with His Right Hand and proclaim, 'I Am the King! Where are the kings of the earth Where are the tyrants Where are the arrogant')

 

Also, in the the Glorious Qur'an;

 

 

[áøöãóäö Çáúãõáúßõ Çáúíóæúãó áöáøóåö ÇáúæóÃöÃö ÇáúÞóåøóÇÑö]

(Whose is the kingdom this Day Allah's, the One, the Irresistible.)(40:16).

 

As for calling someone other than Allah a king in this life, 3-24). :23NNA

 

r-Rahman (the Most Gracious), Ar-Rahim (the Most Merciful)) We explained these Names in the Basmalah. Al-Qurtubi said, "Allah has described Himself by `Ar-Rahman, Ar-Rahim' after saying `the Lord of the Alamin', so His statement here includes a warning, and then an encouragement. Similarly, Allah said, ÃRNA ? Allah is Al-Malik (King or Owner)

 

Allah is the True Owner (Malik) (of everything and everyone). Allah said,

 

 

[åõæó Çááøóåõ ÇáøóÃöì áÇó ÅöáóÜåó ÅöáÇøó åõæó Çáúãóáößõ ÇáúÞõÃøõæÓõ ÇáÓøóáóÜãõ]

(He is Allah, beside Whom La ilaha illa Huwa, the King, the Holy, the One free from all defects) (59:23).

 

Also, the Two Sahihs recorded Abu Hurayrah saying that the Prophet said,

 

 

«ÃóÎúäóÚõ ÇÓúãò ÚöäúÃó Çááåö ÑóÌõáñ ÊóÓóãøóì Èöãóáößö ÇáúÃóãúáóÇßö æóáóÇ ãóÇáößó ÅöáøóÇ Çááåõ»

(The most despicable name to Allah is a person who calls himself the king of kings, while there are no owners except Allah.)

 

Also the Two Sahihs recorded that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«íóÞúÈöÖõ Çááåõ ÇáúÃóÑúÖó æóíóØúæöí ÇáÓøóãóÇÃó Èöíóãöíäöåö Ëõãøó íóÞõæáõ: ÃóäóÇ Çáúãóáößõ¡ Ãóíúäó ãõáõæßõ ÇáúÃóÑúÖö¿ Ãóíúäó ÇáúÌóÈøóÇÑõæäó¿ Ãóíúäó ÇáúãõÊóßóÈøöÑõæäó¿» ((On the Day of Judgement) Allah will grasp the earth and fold up the heavens with His Right Hand and proclaim, 'I Am the King! Where are the kings of the earth Where are the tyrants Where are the arrogant')

 

Also, in the the Glorious Qur'an;

 

 

[áøöãóäö Çáúãõáúßõ Çáúíóæúãó áöáøóåö ÇáúæóÃöÃö ÇáúÞóåøóÇÑö]

(Whose is the kingdom this Day Allah's, the One, the Irresistible.)(40:16).

 

As for calling someone other than Allah a king in this life, then it is done as a figure of speech. For instance, Allah said,

 

 

[Åöäøó Çááøóåó ÞóÃú ÈóÚóËó áóßõãú ØóÇáõæÊó ãóáößðÇ]

(Indeed Allah appointed Talut (Saul) as a king over you.) (2:247),

 

 

[æóßóÇäó æóÑóÂÃóåõã ãøóáößñ]

(As there was a king behind them)(18:79), and,

 

 

[ÅöÃú ÌóÚóáó Ãöíßõãú ÃóäúÈöíóÂÃó æóÌóÚóáóßõãú ãøõáõæßÇð]

When He made Prophets among you, and made you kings )5:20(.

 

Also, the Two Sahihs recorded,

 

 

«ãöËúáõ Çáúãõáõæßö Úóáóì ÇáúÃóÓöÑøóÉö»(Just like kings reclining on their thrones)

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The Meaning of Ad-Din

 

Ad-Din means the reckoning, the reward or punishment. Similarly, Allah said,

 

 

[íóæúãóÆöÃò íõæóÃøöíåöãõ Çááøóåõ Ãöíäóåõãõ ÇáúÃóÞøó]

(On that Day Allah will pay them the (Dinahum) recompense (of their deeds) in full) (24:25), and,

 

 

[ÃóÃöäøóÇ áóãóÃöíäõæäó]

(Shall we indeed (be raised up) to receive reward or punishment (according to our deeds)) (37:53). A Hadith stated,

 

 

«ÇáúßóíøöÓõ ãóäú ÃóÇäó äóÃúÓóåõ æóÚóãöáó áöãóÇ ÈóÚúÃó ÇáúãóæÊö»(The wise person is he who reckons himself and works for (his life) after death.) meaning, he holds himself accountable. Also, `Umar said, "Hold yourself accountable before you are held accountable, weigh yourselves before you are weighed, and be prepared for the biggest gathering before He Whose knowledge encompasses your deeds,

 

 

[íóæúãóÆöÃò ÊõÚúÑóÖõæäó áÇó ÊóÎúÃóì ãöäßõãú ÎóÇÃöíóÉñ ]

(That Day shall you be brought to Judgement, not a secret of yours will be hidden) (69:18).''

 

 

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]

(5. You we worship, and You we ask for help.) (1:5)

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The Linguistic and Religious Meaning of `Ibadah

 

Linguistically, `Ibadah means subdued. For instance, a road is described as Mu`abbadah, meaning, `paved'. In religious terminology, `Ibadah implies the utmost love, humility and fear.

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The Merit of stating the Object of the Action before the Doer of the Act, and the Merit of these Negations

"You...'', means, we worship You alone and none else, and rely on You alone and none else. This is the perfect form of obedience and the entire religion is implied by these two ideas. Some of the Salaf said, Al-Fatihah is the secret of the Qur'an, while these words are the secret of Al-Fatihah,

 

 

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]

(5. You we worship, and You we ask for help from.)

 

The first part is a declaration of innocence from Shirk (polytheism), while the second negates having any power or strength, displaying the recognition that all affairs are controlled by Allah alone. This meaning is reiterated in various instances in the Qur'an. For instance, Allah said,

 

 

[ÃóÇÚúÈõÃúåõ æóÊóæóßøóáú Úóáóíúåö æóãóÇ ÑóÈøõßó ÈöÛóÜÃöáò ÚóãøóÇ ÊóÚúãóáõæäó]

(So worship Him (O Muhammad ) and put your trust in Him. And your Lord is not unaware of what you (people) do.) (11:123),

 

 

[Þõáú åõæó ÇáÑøóÃúãóÜäõ ÃóÇãóäøóÇ Èöåö æóÚóáóíúåö ÊóæóßøóáúäóÇ]

(Say: "He is the Most Gracious (Allah), in Him we believe, and in Him we put our trust.'') (67:29),

 

 

[ÑøóÈøõ ÇáúãóÔúÑöÞö æóÇáúãóÛúÑöÈö áÇó ÅöáóÜåó ÅöáÇøó åõæó ÃóÇÊøóÎöÃúåõ æóßöíáÇð ]

((He alone is) the Lord of the east and the west; La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He).

 

So take Him alone as Wakil (Disposer of your affairs)), (73:9), and,

 

 

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]

(You we worship, and You we ask for help from).

 

We should mention that in this Ayah, the type of speech here changes from the third person to direct speech by using the Kaf in the statement Iyyaka (You). This is because after the servant praised and thanked Allah, he stands before Him, addressing Him directly;

 

 

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]

(You we worship, and You we ask for help from).

 

So take Him alone as Wakil (Disposer of your affairs)), (73:9), and,

 

 

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]

(You we worship, and You we ask for help from).

 

We should mention that in this Ayah, the type of speech here changes from the third person to direct speech by using the Kaf in the statement Iyyaka (You). This is because after the servant praised and thanked Allah, he stands before Him, addressing Him directly;

 

 

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]

(You we worship, and You we ask for help from).

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Al-Fatihah indicates the Necessity of praising Allah. It is required in every Prayer.

 

The beginning of Surat Al-Fatihah contains Allah's praise for Himself by His most beautiful Attributes and indicates to His servants that, they too, should praise Him in the same manner. Hence, the prayer is not valid unless one recites Al-Fatihah, if he is able. The Two Sahihs recorded that `Ubadah bin As-Samit said that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«áóÇ ÕóáóÇÉó áöãóäú áóãú íóÞúÑóÃú ÈöÃóÇÊöÃóÉö ÇáúßöÊóÇÈö»(There is no valid prayer for whoever does not recite Al-Fatihah of the Book.)

 

Also, it is recorded in Sahih Muslim that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

 

 

«íóÞõæáõ Çááøóåõ ÊóÚóÇáóì : ÞóÓóãúÊõ ÇáÕøóáóÇÉó Èóíúäöí æóÈóíúäó ÚóÈúÃöí äöÕúÃóíúäö¡ ÃóäöÕúÃõåóÇ áöí æóäöÕúÃõåóÇ áöÚóÈúÃöí æóáöÚóÈúÃöí ãóÇ ÓóÃóáó¡ ÅöÃóÇ ÞóÇáó ÇáúÚóÈúÃõ:

«ÇáúÃóãúÃõ ááøóåö ÑóÈø ÇáúÚóÜáóãöíäó íóæúãö Åöäøó Çááøóåõ íõÄúãöäõæäó ßóÃóÑõæÇú Çááøóåõ íõÄúãöäõæäó ÛöÔóÜæóÉñ Úóáóì ÇáúãóÛúÖõæÈö íõäÃöÞõæäó Çááøóåõ ÓóæóÂà ÞõáõæÈöåöãú íõÄúãöäõæäó Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåöãú ÞõáõæÈöåöãú ÊõäÃöÑúåõãú íõæÞöäõæäó Çááøóåõ ÈöÇáúÛóíúÈö ÓóãúÚöåöãú íõÄúãöäõæäó ÞõáõæÈöåöãú ÊõäÃöÑúåõãú íóæúãö Ãóãú Çááøóåõ áøáúãõÊøóÞöíäó ÞõáõæÈöåöãú Èöãó Çááøóåõ íõÄúãöäõæäó Åöäøó Çááøóåõ íõÄúãöäõæäó ßóÃóÑõæÇú Çááøóåõ ÇáúãóÛúÖõæÈö ÇáÑøóÃúãóÜäö ÇáÑøóÃöíãö»

¡ ÞóÇáó Çááåõ: ÃóËúäì Úóáóíøó ÚóÈúÃöí ÃóÅÃóÇ ÞóÇáó:

[ãóÜáößö íóæúãö ÇáÃøöíäö ]¡ ÞóÇáó Çááåõ: ãóÌøóÃóäöí ÚóÈúÃöí¡ æóÅöÃóÇ ÞóÇáó:

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]¡ ÞóÇáó: Ã¥ÃóÇ Èóíúäöí æóÈóíúäó ÚóÈúÃöí¡ æóáöÚóÈúÃöí ãóÇ ÓóÃóáó¡ ÃóÅöÃóÇ ÞóÇáó:

[ÇåúÃöäóÇ ÇáÕøöÑóÇØó ÇáúãõÓúÊóÞöíãó ]

[ÕöÑóÇØó ÇáøóÃöíäó ÃóäúÚóãúÊó Úóáóíúåöãú ÛóíúÑö ÇáúãóÛúÖõæÈö Úóáóíúåöãú æóáÇó ÇáÖøóÂáøöíäó ]¡ ÞóÇáó: Ã¥ÃóÇ áöÚóÈúÃöí¡ æóáöÚóÈúÃöí ãóÇ ÓóÃóáó»(Allah said, `I divided the prayer into two halves between Myself and My servant, one half is for Me and one half for My servant. My servant shall have what he asks for.' When the servant says,

 

 

[ÇáúÃóãúÃõ ááøóåö ÑóÈøö ÇáúÚóÜáóãöíäó ]

(All praise and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.), Allah says, `My servant has praised Me.' When the servant says,

 

 

[ÇáÑøóÃúãóÜäö ÇáÑøóÃöíãö ]

(The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful), Allah says, `My servant has praised Me.' When the servant says,

 

 

[ãóÜáößö íóæúãö ÇáÃøöíäö ]

(The Owner of the Day of Recompense), Allah says, `My servant has glorified Me.' If the servant says,

 

 

[ÅöíøóÇßó äóÚúÈõÃõ æóÅöíøóÇßó äóÓúÊóÚöíäõ ]

(You we worship, and You we ask for help), Allah says, `This is between Me and My servant, and My servant shall have what he asked.' If the servant says,

 

 

[ÇåúÃöäóÇ ÇáÕøöÑóÇØó ÇáúãõÓúÊóÞöíãó - ÕöÑóÇØó ÇáøóÃöíäó ÃóäúÚóãúÊó Úóáóíúåöãú ÛóíúÑö ÇáúãóÛúÖõæÈö Úóáóíúåöãú æóáÇó ÇáÖøóÂáøöíäó ]

(Guide us to the straight path. The path of those on whom You have bestowed Your grace, not (that) of those who have earned Your anger, nor of those who went astray), Allah says, `This is for My servant, and My servant shall have what he asked.')

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