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The Three-thousand-year Battle For Palestine

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:sl: / Greetings to All

 

The Three-Thousand-Year Battle for Palestine

 

Reviewed by Aisha R. Masterton

 

The Holy Land has been fought over for more than three thousand years. Today's battle between Zionists and Palestinians is just the latest chapter. Three books can fill you in with the history: Madina to Jerusalem, Encounters with the Byzantine Empire and Palestine, Beginner's Guide, both by Ismail Adam Patel, editor of Al-Aqsa journal, and A History of Palestinian Resistance by Dr. Daud Abdullah, lecturer in Islamic Studies at Birkbeck College, University of London.

 

Madina to Jerusalem is a short history of the Muslims' expansion in to Sham after the death of the Prophet (pbuh), a period which is not usually written about in great detail. This book is clearly written and suitable for people of a young age, as well as those who do not have much time to read more densely -written histories. Thematically, it is divided into three parts: the first gives an account of the battles over Sham between the Byzantine and Persian empires, up to the seventh century CE; the second tells of how the Muslims gradually spread to the borders of the Byzantine empire and eventually took control of Sham; the third makes an interesting exploration into the motives for Muslim expansion, weighing up the evidence from different historical sources.

 

As Patel explains, the temple of Solomon (as) was destroyed, captured by the Persians, then captured by the Greeks, who dedicated the site to Zeus; captured by the Jews, who ruled it for a century; taken over by the Romans, who built a new temple to Jupiter (Zeus); ruled by the Christians, who banished the Jews; taken over again by the Persians, who, with their Jewish allies, massacred the Christians; then taken over by the Muslims, who allowed both Christians and Jews freedom of worship.

 

Part one is somewhat stiffly written, and could do with more rigorous editing, as there are some repetitions and grammatical errors. Patel also writes as if he assumes that the reader already has some knowledge of Byzantine history, suddenly mentioning the names of certain characters without much introduction. It is when he moves into part two that the writing comes alive and he turns history into a readable narrative, as the Muslims gradually move in on Sham, eventually taking over its towns. Here he gives an interesting account of the rules of engagement and of military strategies.

 

What can be seen from the Muslims' take over, which Patel calls "liberation" – a word that smacks uncomfortably of the Soviet Union – is that it was standard practice for the Muslims to allow the inhabitants of Sham to continue living as they had before: to maintain their property, go about their business and worship freely according to their religion. The strength of the Muslim empire came about, therefore, from allowing a multi-cultural, pluralistic society. There was no interest in forcing that society to become a homogenous Islamic state.

 

In part three, Patel successfully disproves any assertion that the Muslims expanded for material reasons: after they conquered Sham, there was no mass emigration from Arabia. Quite literally, they saw it as their duty to spread the message of Islam or to collect the jizya from those who preferred not to convert.

 

Palestine, Beginner's Guide is set out like a text book and would be ideal for teaching in schools. It is also good for adults who may find the political

 

complexities of the issue difficult to grasp at times. It is divided into thirty-two short chapters, with photos, illustrations, fact boxes and quotations. This is a balanced account, which tells of the history of Jews in Europe and their persecution for the last thousand years ("1391: 50,000 Jews killed on the Island of Majorca; 1420: Jewish community annihilated in Toulouse, France"), but which also gives a succinct and informative account of the architects of Zionism and subsequent Zionist aggression against the inhabitants of Sham, both Muslim and Christian.

 

Some shocking statements include: "In 1941 the US passed new immigration laws, which made it impossible for the persecuted Jews of Germany to enter the USA (107)," and Ben-Gurion's words: "The catastrophe of European Jewry is not, in a direct manner, my business (109)." Zionists have displaced nearly six million Palestinians, who now live in exile around the world. Their terrorist activities forced Britain to finally leave Palestine in 1947.

 

Patel also reveals the strategies employed by the Zionist government in order to justify its invasion of Lebanon in the 1950s, using extracts from the Prime Minister's diary: "israel should provoke Lebanon's Muslims to attack Lebanon's Christians in the hope of igniting a Civil War in Lebanon" and "The Chief of Staff supports a plan to hire a [Lebanese] office who will agree to serve as a puppet so that the israeli Army may appear as responding to his appeal to liberate Lebanon from Muslim oppressors (153)." Palestine, Beginner's Guide concludes by calling for Muslims, Christians and Jews to live in peace and proposes not a separate state for Palestinians and Jews, but a single state for all, using ex-apartheid South Africa as a model.

 

A History of Palestinian Resistance, which was commissioned by Patel, is a slimmer volume than Palestine, Beginner's Guide, but is more suited to adult readers, although it also sets out to be text book, with questions at the end of each chapter. It consists mainly of text and is divided into twenty chapters. Again, it begins with a history of Sham, showing clearly that the ancestors of the Jews were not the only ones to have a long history that area: "When [the israelite tribes] invaded the land of Canaan in the twelfth century B.C. [two thousand years after the Canaanites] the population of the country included […] the Canaanites, the Hittites, Ammonites, Edomites, Moabites and Philistines (2)."

 

The main focus of this book, however, is the history of Zionism and the Palestinian uprising. The style is more emotional and Abdullah overlooks the problems that have existed within the Palestinian resistance itself, entitling one chapter "Fateh Keeps the Struggle Alive," while we now know that Palestinians have voted with their feet because of Fateh's alleged corruption and infighting. Nevertheless, its brevity and conciseness ensure that it remains readable.

 

These books, lucid, surprising and informative, put today's conflict in its three-thousand-year context, making one question: When are we ever going to learn?

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/English/ArtCulture/Literature/Nonfiction/2007/01/02.shtml"]Source[/url]

 

:sl: / Greetings

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PropellerAds

Sadly, what this book does not tell you is that todays "Palestinians" rarely have more than 175 years on that land. It also fails to tell you that no Arab nation has EVER existed there, and that Jews are in fact the land's indigenous people. Just some further considerations for any conscientious reader.

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really rachamim, so the biblical account of the flight from egypt is entirely false? Made up stories?

 

there were no tribes living there that the israelites slaughtered, no philistines, no canaanites?

 

how very interesting.

 

 

peace and love. :sl:

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Peace

 

I think that looking at it from a 3000 year old perspective is wrong. New people have to come up with new solutions in order for this crisis to end.

 

 

I support one state and one state solution only: israel

 

 

WHY? Because if israel takes over 100% of palestinian territories, and grants full citizenship and rights to the arab population, then the ARABS will be a majority, and through democracy will be able to elect new leaders and voila problem solved.

 

Salam

Edited by anthony19832005

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:sl: / Peace

 

I think that looking at it from a 3000 year old perspective is wrong. New people have to come up with new solutions in order for this crisis to end.

 

It is through history where Man can take his lessons from. Also in this conflict, the history provides the answer to who that land really belongs to, which is what many people are disputing today...

 

Yes...the situation now is different, but the cause of the conflict remain the same..

 

I support one state and one state solution only: israel

WHY? Because if israel takes over 100% of palestinian territories, and grants full citizenship and rights to the arab population, then the ARABS will be a majority, and through democracy will be able to elect new leaders and voila problem solved.

 

A very simplistic approach. israel is not a democratic state, it is a Jewish state. Citizenship and rights have always been favoured to Jews. They have also made their aims clear that they do not want the Arabs to be a majority, and I do not think Arab rights and power will be welcomed in israel at the moment.

 

:sl: / Peace

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I support one state and one state solution only: israel

WHY? Because if israel takes over 100% of palestinian territories, and grants full citizenship and rights to the arab population, then the ARABS will be a majority, and through democracy will be able to elect new leaders and voila problem solved.

 

Salam

 

Do you really think that, after what israel has done to Palestinians, it will stand by and give them the rights to elect leaders that THEY want?

 

Salam.

Edited by Layna

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Peace

 

Do you really think that, after what israel has done to Palestinians, it will stand by and give them the rights to elect leaders that THEY want?

 

SInce the arabs will be a majority, it will be just a matter of time before the Jewish state will transform into a democratic state(through revolution . Same thing happened in South Africa, where eventually the majority took control.

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WHY? Because if israel takes over 100% of palestinian territories, and grants full citizenship and rights to the arab population, then the ARABS will be a majority, and through democracy will be able to elect new leaders and voila problem solved.

 

Assalamualikum

 

are you serious...........lol..please tell me you were joking......firstly, israel does not want any arabs in their lands.. they want them all to just dissapear. Secondly, do you really think israel will let arabs stand for government. Thirdly, do you really think that the elections will be fair. And last but most important...democracy is the system of the kuffar... so stop supporting it please.

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Peace

SInce the arabs will be a majority, it will be just a matter of time before the Jewish state will transform into a democratic state(through revolution . Same thing happened in South Africa, where eventually the majority took control.

 

Brother, history has shown that the majority don't always get what they want. Sometimes, the minority still manages to oppress a number greater than them.

 

Salam.

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are you serious...........lol..please tell me you were joking......firstly, israel does not want any arabs in their lands.. they want them all to just dissapear. Secondly, do you really think israel will let arabs stand for government. Thirdly, do you really think that the elections will be fair. And last but most important...democracy is the system of the kuffar... so stop supporting it please.

 

First of all, you're wrong if you think that Islam and democracy are incompatible.

 

Those who argue against the compatibility of Islam and democracy usually begin by saying that a democracy gives sovereignty or power of rule to the people, while Islam gives sovereignty or power of rule to God, which would not allow for a “government by the people.†In other words, these skeptics believe that the opposite of democracy in relation to a religious political system must be theocracy, meaning the rule of God on earth by a religious authority or class. However, this argument presupposes that there is a single religious authority or class within the Islamic tradition that has special access to God’s will and therefore has the right and power to impose divine will on the land. This is where the argument fails in relation to Islam, because the Islamic tradition, at least in the majority Sunni teaching, does not recognize a pope-like figure, nor does it preach the establishment of a religious class that has special access to divine will.

 

In fact, to the contrary, it can be argued that the Qur’an warns against the establishment of a religious class. The Qur’an says that past religious communities took their religious leaders [for their lords beside God] (At-Tawbah 9:31) and accuses many in the religious class of Jews and Christians of stealing people’s wealth and turning people [away from the path of God] (At-Tawbah 9:34). Furthermore, Muslims believe that after Prophet Muhammad there is no one who has direct access to God’s will, and therefore no one person or group has the legitimacy or authority to claim a pope- or priesthood-like status in the Muslim community. As such, Islam’s political system is not a theocracy.

 

There is no doubt that an Islamic political system would be bound by the laws, principles, and spirit of the Qur’an and Sunnah, which would serve as the overarching sources of a constitution in an Islamic state. Furthermore, violating or going directly against any sacred teaching of Islam could not be tolerated in an Islamic political system, for doing so would be going against the sources of the constitution. So, in this sense God is recognized as the sole giver of law. However, implementing the laws of God, as articulated in the Qur’an and Sunnah, necessitates the role of man who is given the position of God’s vicegerent or representative on earth (Al-Baqarah 2:30) because of his superior intellect, ability to acquire knowledge, and ability to exercise free will. All of these God-given qualities enable man not only to implement sacred law, but also to interpret sacred law and derive from sacred sources the wise principles that form the basis of new laws needed for an ever-changing world with new ethical and moral complexities.

 

Source: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/English/introducingislam/politics/Politics/article04.shtml"]Islamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)[/url]

 

israel does not want any arabs in their lands.. they want them all to just dissapear.

 

There is a huge arab population in israel, I have heard that almost 40 or 50% of people in israel are Arabs, if israel annexes the rest of the palestinian territories the arabs will be the majority, and after much struggle (as it has happened in other countries) the majority will eventually win.

 

Salam

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Peace

SInce the arabs will be a majority, it will be just a matter of time before the Jewish state will transform into a democratic state(through revolution . Same thing happened in South Africa, where eventually the majority took control.

 

For now, I don't think Arabs are the majority.

 

In israel and occupied Palestine, the number of Palestinian Arabs, if I'm not wrong, number somewhere at 4 million.

 

Jews number between 5-6 million. Arabs number slightly less than the Jews.

 

Besides, I agree with sis Layna's very valid point. Justice is not about the majority.

 

First of all, you're wrong if you think that Islam and democracy are incompatible.

Source: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/English/introducingislam/politics/Politics/article04.shtml"]Islamonline(contact admin if its a beneficial link)[/url]

 

The writer is not a scholar.

 

Don't get me wrong, I have nothing against Islamonline (on the contrary I think its very informative and resourceful) or the writer, but I have something against the way in which you put across your points. Telling others that they are wrong, and then quoting a link which you seem to put across as an accepted opinion of the fuqaha (that can be the only explanation why you deem others as wrong), do not go well in the ranks...

 

I leave others to believe whether Islam and democracy are compatible. Personally, I feel that they only have a few things in common.

 

And in this conflict, more than just voting needs to be done.

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Peace

 

I think that looking at it from a 3000 year old perspective is wrong. New people have to come up with new solutions in order for this crisis to end.

I support one state and one state solution only: israel

WHY? Because if israel takes over 100% of palestinian territories, and grants full citizenship and rights to the arab population, then the ARABS will be a majority, and through democracy will be able to elect new leaders and voila problem solved.

 

Salam

 

Negative , there is no best solution .

 

but the only solution is coming to Jews whether they like it or not :sl: .

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Peace

 

Negative , there is no best solution .

 

but the only solution is coming to Jews whether they like it or not

 

 

and what would that solution be?

 

salam

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