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Tafseer (interpretation) Of Noble Verse 34:54

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[34:54] “And a barrier will be set between them and that which they desire, as was done for people of their kind of old. Lo! they were in hopeless doubt.â€

 

Firstly, are the events being described in the above verse about only this world, or is the verse describing events happening in both the world AND the hereafter? Especially where it says, “And a barrier WILL BE set between them…â€, is this “will be†in this world or in the hereafter?

 

The fact is that both interpretations for noble verse [34:54] are correct. It could be referring to ONLY the world, thus alluding to the disbelievers of now and the disbelievers of old IN THE WORLD, and comparing them to each other, or it could also be referring to the disbelievers of the hereafter and comparing them to the disbelievers in the world, both are valid interpretations.

 

In this article, I will only focus on one of the interpretations, “the disbelievers of the hereafter being compared to the disbelievers in the worldâ€, and not the latter interpretation.

 

In noble verse [34:54] Allah almighty informs us that on the day of judgment a barrier will be set between the disbelievers and that which they desire as was done in the past with the people of their own kind (the disbelievers in the dunya [world]). Some scholars have interpreted this verse as meaning that the disbelievers will desire repentance from Allah, but taking this interpretation into account it (the interpretation) does not make too much sense considering that the verse goes on to say that the disbelievers of old also had a barrier set between them and that which they desired! According to the noble Quran the disbelievers were heedless of Allah in the dunya, so they certainly did NOT desire repentance from Allah in the dunya. Further more the noble Quran even mentions in many verses that Allah almighty even gives the heedless and the transgressors more of what they desire in the dunya so that they become even more heedless until Allah punishes them all of a sudden while they perceive not and are sunken in play and amusement. So if they (the disbelievers) desired repentance then why would Allah almighty punish them?!

 

Considering all of the ample contradictions this tafseer cannot apply to noble verse [34:54], and it therefore has to be wrong. My interpretation of this verse is that the verse is actually talking about the disbelievers who are hypocrites and not the deluded ones, or the honest ones who admit to their sins, and neither the ignorant ones. It is they (the hypocrites) who will desire to go back to the dunya NOT desiring for a second chance to prove themselves to their Lord Most High, but rather for a second chance at the dunya, just like they desired the dunya and all of its luxuries before, but it did not avail them in the end, they did not take their worldly wealth which they had hoarded up and desired for with them to the hereafter (therefore there was always a barrier between them and that which they desired), and it did not benefit them in the hereafter against the punishment of Allah. Also Allah almighty will not allow them to go back to the dunya, for He knows that they are certainly liars, He knows that even if He were to send them back again, they would still disobey, and therefore there will again be a barrier set between them and that which they desire (so they cannot go back to the dunya). So as we can see this desire for a second chance that the hypocrites will have on the Day of Judgment is not really a desire for repentance.

 

In conclusion, the interpretation of this verse is not desire for repentance from Allah at all, because the desire for repentance will come only for the disbelievers who are not hypocrites, and the desire for repentance for the disbelievers will mostly come out in the hereafter, when they meet their destruction. So therefore, this desire which Allah almighty mentions is mainly a desire for the dunya, and the desire for a second chance is for the wrongdoers (NOT the hypocrites). The hypocrites, the end result of their desires both in the dunya and the hereafter will be but one, no results. They will put forward lies to try to exempt themselves from the punishment, and they will insincerely ask for repentance while in reality they will be asking for the dunya again. So in conclusion, noble verse [34:54] is talking about the hypocrites and not every wrong doer, because it is the hypocrites who desire what is in front of them, and they do not necessarily desire that which is beyond their reach, and that is why they are called hypocrites, because they know the truth and they conceal it. because it is the deluded ones and the ignorant ones who desire that which is beyond their reach, but the hypocrites fully know and understand the truth, and so they desire what is within their reach, for if they were desiring the impossible Allah almighty would not have placed an obstruction between them and their desires, for there would be no need then, so this has to be solid proof that this is talking about the hypocrites, for they are intelligent, and they know the truth, and they know very well not to desire for what is beyond their reach. And Allah almighty to enrage the hypocrites in this dunya and to disgrace them in the hereafter will never let them get to even the things which they normally would be able to reach.

 

 

Let us also look at noble verses [53:24-25]:

 

[53:24] “Or shall man have what he desires?â€

[53:25] “But to Allah belongs the last (Hereafter) and the first (the world).â€

 

In noble verse [53:24] Allah almighty says: “shall man have what he desires?†meaning that shall God allow man to get whatever he desires (of this dunya)? And the next verse goes on to say “But to Allah belongs the last (Hereafter) and the first (the world).†Meaning that even if man got whatever he desired of worldly things and had the authority and power to get whatever he wished, still it would NOT avail him in aught for to Allah belongeth the hereafter and this world, so his ultimate destination would still be with Allah. So in conclusion whether man desires the world or the hereafter, and whether he gets whatever he desires for or not, his ultimate reckoning would still be with Allah, and he will have no where to turn to for refuge except unto Allah, and Allah will pay him his due (Hell or Heaven). So now we know that there is no way for the ones who desire this worldly life and who live for this world, there is no way for them to be the victors, false hope has deceived them and made them deluded:

 

[024:039] “As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in a desert. The thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing, but he finds Allah with him, Who will pay him his due (Hell). And Allah is Swift in taking account.â€

 

 

 

And Allah knows best, salam (peace)

 

By: Ali Abdul Rahman Homami

 

 

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