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The Protocols Of Zion - بروتوكولات حكماء صهيون

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That is the reason Palestinians have no credibility , nor will they find any sympathy , mindsets like yasnov's are all too common and know no societal bounds , even the leading barbarian in Iran believes the same .

Perhaps it's a virus , who knows , but it flies in the face of common sense , and from a practical point of view , proves that there is no reasoning with such people .

There is no sense r logic to unmitigated hatred , and that's exactly what it is although Yasnov tries his best to cover that with either playing dumb or peaceful salutations .....for he is lieing

through his teeth .

 

And he knows it .

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Yasnov, the "plan" (it isn't actually a plan, it's a series of statements with no actual method for achieving them) has not been carried out.

are you sure?

 

If it had been there would be no Palestinians and few other Muslims left alive today.

following the protocol is not meant that you have to bomb muslim cities in the broad daylight. it's more subtle than that you know.

 

wassalam,

y

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are you sure?

 

100%

 

following the protocol is not meant that you have to bomb muslim cities in the broad daylight. it's more subtle than that you know.

 

So subtle that it couldn't avoid the Holocaust, which would have resulted in the death of every Jew in the world if the Axis had won - and it very nearly did. So subtle that israel has to maintain a disproportionately large army to remain in existence. So subtle that it doesn't exist.

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So subtle that it couldn't avoid the Holocaust.

well, it's because their treason plan to stab the germans at the back didn't work as expected. and what is your evidence that people who drew up the protocol was anti-semite?

 

wassalam,

y

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If someone forged a document purporting to show that the Jews were planning to conquer the world, wouldn't you assume that the author was anti-semitic?

 

LOL! What 'treason plan to stab the germans in the back'?

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If someone forged a document purporting to show that the Jews were planning to conquer the world, wouldn't you assume that the author was anti-semitic?

no, today, many jews could be considered anti-semitic by israeli zionist government's standard. after all, they believe that they are the chosen.

 

LOL! What 'treason plan to stab the germans in the back'?

what is that lol for? to cover up your ignorance of the history?

 

wassalam,

y

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no, today, many jews could be considered anti-semitic by israeli zionist government's standard. after all, they believe that they are the chosen.

 

Umm, so what? Why would that make you think that the author wasn't anti-Semitic?

 

what is that lol for? to cover up your ignorance of the history?

 

Laughing at your ignorance of history. Go on, tell me all about this 'plot'. (and it better not depend on one headline in one defunct British newspaper.)

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Umm, so what? Why would that make you think that the author wasn't anti-Semitic?

the author was anti-semitic only when you considered that talmud was anti-semitic.

 

Laughing at your ignorance of history. Go on, tell me all about this 'plot'. (and it better not depend on one headline in one defunct British newspaper.)

uhm ... who were the key advisor of the versailles treaty of 1919?

 

wassalam,

y

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These are some of the events that followed the ficticious "Protocols " and how different "organizations " latched on to them , even after knowing they were proved PATENTLY FALSE , but nonetheless USED THE PROTOICOLS FOR THEIR OWN EVIL ENDS . THESE PEOPLE INCLUDE HITLER AND THE ORIGINAL ORGANIZERSOF THE NAZI PARTY, NOT TO MENTION FAMOUS ANTI-SEMITES INCLUDING THE AMERICAN HENRY FORD .

 

Therefore it is no more or less surprising that today , people with THE SAME anti-semitic views and hatred of the jews ....do infact persist in clinging to them in order to rationalize their unmitigated hared and bigotry and thus attempt to disguise it [ AS YASNOV DOES ] as historical fact , but in reality they know why theu truly hold to a false doctrine .

 

It is also NO LESS surprising to lookat the "groups " of people who support the protocols as true , as their motives and agendas as obviously and glaringly apparrent .

 

 

I guess that YOU ..YASNOV believe ou are in good company with those mentioned below , for with your life's view , you have in effect BOUGHT INTO THEIR LOT .

 

 

 

 

 

1921 Walter Riehl's Austrian Nazi party (DNSAP) holds its first party meeting in Linz, Austria, Hitler's hometown. (Forgotten Nazis)

 

 

1921 Karl von Habsburg, the deposed emperor of Austria-Hungary, founds the International Pan-European Movement.

 

1921 Hitler founds the Hitler Jugend (Hitler Youth).

 

1921 American Jews boycott Henry Ford for his alleged antisemitism, because of his publishing of "The International Jew" and distribution of "The Protocols of the Elders of Zion."

 

1921 The SA (also called the Brownshirts) is formed from the ranks of Ernst Roehm's private army. (Grolier)

 

.1921 April 20 Hitler receives a book from Dr. Babette Steininger, an early Nazi member, as a birthday present. The book is an essay by Tagore, an Indian mystic and nationalist. On the book's fly-leaf, a handwritten inscription from Steininger reads "to Adolf Hitler my dear Armanen-Brother." (Phelps)

 

1921 May Heinrich Schulz and Heinrich Tillessen travel to Munich where they receive orders to kill Matthias Erzberger, the former Reich Finance Minister and hated signatory of the armistice, from a person who claims to have the authority of the Germanenorden. (Gotthard Jasper; Roots)

 

1921 June The German Nazi Party claims 3,000 dues-paying members.

 

1921 June Detlef Schmude, one of Jorg Lanz von Liebenfel's most ardent supporters in Germany, organizes the printing of the ONT rule at Magdeburg, in which he, Johann Walthari Wölfl, and Lanz sign as the Priors of Hollenberg, Werfenstein, and Marienkamp. (Regularium; Roots)

 

1921 July Rudolf Gorsleben becomes Gauleiter of the South Bavarian section of the radical antisemitic Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund, an early competitor of the Nazi Party for support in Southern Germany. (Roots)

 

 

1921 July 11 Hitler threatens to resign from the Nazi party if he is not given dictatorial powers. Hitler's ploy is successful and from this moment on, Hitler becomes the uncontested leader of the German Nazi party.

 

 

 

1921 August 16-18 The Times of London in a lead article entitled "The End of the Protocols," written by correspondent Philip Graves, debunks The Protocols of the Elders of Zion as a forgery. Graves establishes a connection between the Protocols and what is said to be its major source, a satire of Napoleon III, entitled Dialogue between Machiavelli and Montesquieu in Hell, written by a Frenchman named Maurice Joly (Brussels, 1864). (Cohn, Segel/Levy)

 

. 1921 September 14 Hitler physically attacks Otto Ballerstedt and is later sentenced to a month in jail.

 

1921 September 29 Brockhusen's constitution for the Germanenorden is accepted, providing for a complex organization of grades, rings, and provincial "citadels (Burgen) supposed to generate secrecy for a nationwide system of local groups having many links with militant völkisch associations, including the Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund. (Bundesarchiv, Koblenz; Roots)

 

1921 At the Tenth Party Congress, Lenin introduces his New Economic Policy, restoring some private property, ending restrictions on private trade, and terminating forced grain requisitions.The foundations for building Bolshevik socialism have been laid but the revolutionary period proper has come to an end.

 

1921 November 4 Hundreds of Marxists attempt to disrupt a speech by Hitler at the Hofbrauhaus in Munich. Hess takes a leading part in the brawl and suffers a skull injury.

 

1921 November 4 Japanese premier Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo by a radical right-wing student.

 

1921 November All capital stock in the "Munchener Beobachter" ("Volkischer Beobachter") is transferred to Adolf Hitler. (Sebottendorf; Roots)

 

1921 November 29 Hitler writes a long autobiographical letter to an unidentified doctor. (This may have been Dr. Walter Riehl, Austrian leader of the German National Socialist Workers Party (DNSAP). (See December 1921 and Biographies) (Autobiographical letter)

 

1921 December Hitler speaks at a meeting in Vienna organized by Walter Riehl's Austrian Nazi party (DNSAP).

 

1921 December Rudolf Gorsleben breaks with the Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund, forming a new alliance with Julius Streicher, who laters edits "Der Sturmer" under Nazi auspices, finding considerable aid and support in both Regensburg and Nuremberg. Gorsleben also works closely with Lorenz Mesch, Germanenorden leader in Regensburg, whose proteges Schulz and Tillessen had just assassinated Matthias Erzberger in May. (Roots)

 

 

1921 December 24 German Jewish politician Walter Rathenau writes in the Wiener Freie Presse (Vienna Free Press), " Three hundred men, all of whom are known to one another, guide the economic destinies of the Continent and seek their successors among their followers." Many antisemites, including General Ludendorff, promptly concluded that since Rathenau was a Jew, he must be one of the three hundred and that these were in fact the mysterious "Elders of Zion." (Morais)

 

(Note: Nowhere in Rathenau's original article were Jews mentioned in any context.)

 

1921 The first Arabic translation of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is published in Damascus, Syria. (Segel/Levy)

 

 

1921 The Fascist party in Italy elects 35 members to parliament. Mussolini's oratorical skills, the postwar economic crisis, a widespread lack of confidence in the traditional political system, and a growing fear of socialism, all helped the Fascist party to grow to 300,000 registered members by 1921.

 

 

1921 The Reparations Commission fixes Germany's war reparations at 132 billion gold marks.

 

1921 Nesta H. Webster publishes World Revolution which links the French Revolution, the Illuminati, Jacobians, Freemasonry, the Jews and Communism. The book creates a sensation, and is widely read, both in Europe and America.

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Reflections on Antisemitism and "The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion"

Stephen Eric Bronner

RELATED: Europe

Hardcover $49.95 Buy

 

Palgrave Macmillan

Published: April 2000

ISBN: 978-0-312-21804-1

ISBN-10: 0-312-21804-4

Trim: 5 1/2 x 8 1/4 inches

160 pages

 

Praise

Table of Contents

Biography

 

 

 

About The AuthorStephen Eric Bronner

Stephen Eric Bronner is professor of political science and comparative literature at Rutgers University. He is the author of several books including Moments of Decision: Political History and the Crises of Radicalism (winner of the Michael A. Harrington Prize). He lives in... More

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"The Protocols of the Elders of Zion" is among the most infamous documents of antisemitism. A forgery created in Russia by the czarist secret police and quickly translated into a host of languages, it portrayed Judaism as a worldwide conspiracy dedicated to the destruction of Christian civilization. The appearance of the Protocols sparked a number of bloody pogroms and it helped shape the thinking of right-wing movements worldwide from Hitler's Nazis to contemporary antisemitic groups in Russia, the Middle East and the United States. A work of intellectual history, A Rumor About the Jews expresses the connection between antisemitism and the overarching political assault upon the enlightenment legacy taking the reader on a historical journey that provides a new and penetrating understanding of an insidious ideology and its broader implications.

 

Praise"...helpful both in its linking the Protocols to previous anti-semitic diatribes and by interpreting why they became so popular." -The Historian

About the Author(s)Stephen Eric Bronner is professor of political science and comparative literature at Rutgers University. He is the author of several books including Moments of Decision: Political History and the Crises of Radicalism (winner of the Michael A. Harrington Prize). He lives in New York City.

Table of ContentsIntroduction * Antisemitism for Popular Consumption: Extracts from The Protocols of the Elders of Zion * The Text in Context: The Protocols and the Varieties of Antisemitism * The Tale of a Forgery: Inventing the Protocols * Spreading the News: The Protocols Triumphant * The Legacy of the Lie: The Protocols and the Future of Antisemitism.

 

 

 

 

Read and LEARN Yasnov , you revise history and claim ignorance in the face of real and true scholarship .

 

Why ?

 

 

 

Because you are a bigot and jew-hater . Face the truth about yourself Yasnov .....that is the first step in reform .

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Yasnov, I've had enough of this. The Protocols has been proven to be a fraud and there's evidence that it was written in Russia in an attempt to discredit the revolutionaries. On the other hand you have no evidence at all. None. Yet you persist in arguing. I think that means you are not arguing in good faith, and I think your vile racism is showing more with every post. I'm out of here.

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Yasnov, I've had enough of this.

no problem, taj will take your place. i am reading the lengthy texts that he copied and paste from his propagandist website now :sl:

 

wassalam,

y

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Anti-semitism in the Arab world

By Dominique Vidal

 

Anti-semitic propaganda was a marginal phenomenon in the Arab world for a long time, but unfortunately it has been gaining strength in several countries over the past three years. This worrying development is linked with the worsening situation in Palestine.

 

The failure of the Camp David summit in July 2000, the outbreak of the second intifada, and escalating repression by the israeli army strongly affected public opinion in the Arab countries. Ultra-nationalist and religious movements are spreading the poison of anti-semitism on this fertile ground, with the connivance of the authorities.

 

In 2002 an Egyptian television series, The Horseless Rider, caused a stir; in it a virtual horseman slays the Zionist dragon and denounces a "Jewish conspiracy against Palestine" inspired by the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. That old Tsarist forgery just won’t die.

 

In November 2003 Robert Fisk, whose commitment to the Palestinian cause is well-known, wrote in The Independent(1) about his disgust at finding a new edition of the Protocols in a Beirut bookshop: "I’m always careful about accusing Arabs of antisemitism. They are themselves a Semitic race . . . But how come this vicious little tract can turn up in a sophisticated country such as Lebanon? Just take the beating of breasts still reverberating over the decision by Hizbullah television to show a series during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan called Al-Shatat(the Diaspora), which purports to be a history of Zionism 1812-1948. It refers to a Jewish plot to take over the world." The series featured a pseudo-ritual murder.

 

Last November the old forgery re-appeared in Tunis, where a weekly news- paper claimed the recent World Zionist Congress proved that the Protocols had "lost none of their freshness and relevance. Not a wrinkle. Not a trace of rust" (2). Earlier in 2003 the Saudi newspaper Al-Watan had ridiculously reported that "israeli rabbis recently issued a fatwa (sic) stating that Iraq is part of Greater israel" (3).

 

In Morocco incitement to hatred of Jews, denounced by the Tangiers weekly Le Journal, was accompanied by physical attacks; people were killed. Nine people received long prison sentences in 2003 for the murder of Albert Rebibo, a Casablanca Jew (4). Not only the courts reacted. In Morocco a petition was launched against attacks on Jews, which are alien to the country’s traditions. Arab intellectuals organised protests elsewhere.

 

An appeal against a Holocaust-denial conference being held in Beirut in 2001 was published in Le Monde (5). The Palestinian American writer Edward Said commented in Le Monde diplomatique: "The notion that the Jews never suffered and that the Holocaust is an obfuscatory confection created by the Elders of Zion is one that is acquiring too much, far too much currency. Why do we expect the world to believe our sufferings as Arabs if (a) we cannot recognise the sufferings of others, even of our oppressors, and (b) we cannot deal with facts that trouble simplistic ideas of the sort propagated by bien pensants intellectuals who refuse to see the relationship between the Holocaust and israel . . . by recognising the Holocaust for the genocidal madness that it was, we can then demand from israelis and Jews the right to link the Holocaust to Zionist injustices towards the Palestinians" (6).

 

His courage stimulated others. The Egyptian Horseless Riderseries was heavily criticised by journalists, associations and distinguished people; the television channel that showed it was forced to change the presentation of the series and challenge the veracity of the Protocols.

 

Osama al-Baz, for a long time adviser to President Hosni Mubarak, published significant articles in Al Ahram(7) in which he restored the historical truth about the Protocols, the Nazi genocide and the nature of the struggle in the Middle East: "Each of us must understand that to attack Jews as a race or people - and so advocate an inhuman, racist approach - is to damage the cause of the nation . . . Those who criticise israel have no need of anti-semitism to denounce its policies."

 

After the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, many were allowed to settle in the Arab world. It offered them, and Christians, the status of dhimmi, which, though inferior to that of Muslims, was much more favourable than the treatment they would have received in Europe at that time. It saved them from the recurrent persecutions suffered by European Jews. ( Auschwitz is hardly an Arabic name.)

 

With the exception of Iraq, where there was a kind of pogrom in 1941 under the regime of Ali Rashid, there was no violence and no mass attacks against Jewish commu nities until after the second world war and the birth of israel (which was not accompanied by that of the Palestinian state envisaged in the United Nations partition plan). Similar anti-Jewish violence happened when the peoples of the Maghreb achieved independence.

 

The current anti-semitic propaganda is retrogressive for the Arab world and will do it untold harm.

 

 

More about Dominique Vidal.

Translated by Barry Smerin

 

See also : France: racism is indivisible.

 

(1) The Independent, London, 8 November 2003.

 

(2) Tunis hebdo, Tunis, 17 November 2003.

 

(3) Al Watan, Riyadh, 19 July 2003.

 

(4) Le Monde, Paris, 25 November 2003.

 

(5) Le Monde, 16 March 2001.

 

(6) Edward Said, "israel-Palestine: a third way", Le Monde diplomatique, English language edition, August 1998.

 

 

English language editorial director: Wendy Kristianasen - all rights reserved © 1997-2008 Le Monde diplomatique.

 

Translations >> français — Régression dans le monde arabe ÃÇÑÓì — ÊäÒá ãÎÑÈ Português do Brasil — Uma regressão do mundo árabe

 

 

 

 

You are by no means alone Yasnov , many share your views and act on them . And ALL for the SAME agendas .

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You are by no means alone Yasnov , many share your views and act on them . And ALL for the SAME agendas .

everyone should be aware of the existence of this protocol of zion. so that they are prepared when certain people tried to realize the plan. even the japanese, who have nothing to do with the zionists or israel, are making sure that they know about it.

 

wassalam,

y

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Your foolishness knows no bounds Yasnov .... dealing with the denial of a bigot , no doubt turns one's stomach , as Bartlett is now doiscoverting , but bigots can indeed be dealt with , even if it requires putting on latex gloves in their handling .....read more and learn yasnov , so that you may one day elevate yourself from the status of ignoramus and bigot :

 

 

 

 

The Russian Revolution and the spread of the Protocols, 1920s

After the Russian Revolution, factions connected to the White movement used the Protocols to perpetrate hatred and violence against the Jews. The idea that the Bolshevik movement was a Jewish conspiracy for world domination, plus the fact that some top Bolsheviks, particularly Leon Trotsky, were Jews, sparked worldwide interest in the Protocols.

 

 

[edit] German language publications

The first and "by far the most important"[24] German translation was by Gottfried Zur Beck (pseudonym of Ludwig Müller von Hausen). It appeared in January 1920 as a part of a larger antisemitic tract[25] dated 1919. After The Times of London discussed the book respectfully in May 1920 it became a bestseller. "The Hohenzollern family helped defray the publication costs, and Kaiser Wilhelm II had portions of the book read out aloud to dinner guests".[26]

 

Alfred Rosenberg's 1923 edition[27] "gave a forgery a huge boost".[26]

 

 

[edit] English language publication

On October 27 and 28, 1919, the Philadelphia Public Ledger published excerpts of an English language translation as the "Red Bible," deleting all references to the purported Jewish authorship and re-casting the document as a Bolshevist manifesto.[28] The author of the articles was the paper's correspondent at the time, Carl W. Ackerman, who later became the head of the journalism department at Columbia University.

 

On May 8, 1920, an article[29] in The Times followed German translation and appealed for an inquiry into what it called "uncanny note of prophecy".

 

The first English language edition of the Protocols was published in 1920 in London. The full title was The Jewish Peril. Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion; the translator has been subsequently discovered to be George Shanks.

 

The most widespread English translation of the Protocols is credited (by its anonymous editor(s)) to a British correspondent for The Morning Post in Russia, Victor E. Marsden. That anonymous source further claims that Marsden was imprisoned by the Bolsheviks in the Peter and Paul Fortress, subsequently released, and returned to England. Marsden, prior to his death on October 28, 1920, had allegedly translated Chapter XII of Nilus' 1905 book on the coming of the Anti-Christ, a copy of which was at hand in the British Museum. His name does not appear in the first British imprint, issued by Eyre & Spottiswoode Ltd., nor in the second, issued by The Britons. It only first pops up in the edition issued one or two years later, in the imprint issued by the Britons Publishing Society.

 

In a single year 1920, five editions sold out in England. That same year in the United States, Henry Ford sponsored the printing of 500,000 copies, and from 1920 to 1922 published a series of antisemitic articles, entitled The International Jew: The World's Foremost Problem, in The Dearborn Independent, a newspaper he owned. In 1921 Ford cited it as evidence of a Jewish threat: "The only statement I care to make about the Protocols is that they fit in with what is going on. They are 16 years old, and they have fitted the world situation up to this time."[30] In 1927, however, Ford retracted his publication and apologized, claiming his assistants duped him. On the other side, he did so only after court ordered him to. Moreover, he later expressed his admiration for Nazi Germany.[31]

 

In 1934, an anonymous editor expanded the compilation with "Text and Commentary" (pages 136–141). The production of this uncredited compilation was a 300-page book, an inauthentic expanded edition of the twelfth chapter of Nilus's 1905 on the coming of the anti-Christ. It consists of substantial liftings of excerpts of articles from Ford's antisemitic periodical The Dearborn Independent. This 1934 text circulates most widely in the English-speaking world, as well as on the internet.

 

The "Text and Commentary" concludes with a comment on Haim Weizman's October 6, 1920 remark at a banquet: "A beneficent protection which God has instituted in the life of the Jew is that He has dispersed him all over the world". Marsden, who was dead by then, is credited with the following assertion:

 

"It proves that the Learned Elders exist. It proves that Dr. Weizmann knows all about them. It proves that the desire for a "National Home" in Palestine is only camouflage and an infinitesimal part of the Jew's real object. It proves that the Jews of the world have no intention of settling in Palestine or any separate country, and that their annual prayer that they may all meet "Next Year in Jerusalem" is merely a piece of their characteristic make-believe. It also demonstrates that the Jews are now a world menace, and that the Aryan races will have to domicile them permanently out of Europe."[32]

 

This quote occurs on page 138. On the previous page, the nameless commentator has the following: "There has been recently published a volume of Theodor Herzl's Diaries, a translation of some passages of which appeared in the Jewish Chronicle of July 14, 1922". Accordingly, the commentary must have been written at least two years after Marsden's death.

 

 

[edit] The Times exposes a forgery, 1921

 

The Times exposed the Protocols as a forgery on August 16–18, 1921In 1920-1921, the history of the concepts found in the Protocols was traced back to the works of Goedsche and Jacques Crétineau-Joly by Lucien Wolf (an English Jewish journalist), and published in London in August 1921. But a dramatic expose occurred in the series of articles in The Times by its Constantinople reporter, Philip Graves, who discovered the plagiarism from the work of Maurice Joly.

 

According to writer Peter Grose, Allen Dulles, who was in Constantinople developing relationships in post-Ottoman political structures, discovered 'the source' of the documentation ultimately provided to The Times. Grose writes that The Times extended a loan to the source, a Russian émigré who refused to be identified, with the understanding the loan would not be repaid.[33] Colin Holmes, a lecturer in economic history of Sheffield University, identified the émigré as Michael Raslovleff, a self-identified antisemite, who gave the information to Graves so as not to "give a weapon of any kind to the Jews, whose friend I have never been."[34]

 

In the first article of Graves' series, entitled "A Literary Forgery", the editors of The Times wrote, "our Constantinople Correspondent presents for the first time conclusive proof that the document is in the main a clumsy plagiarism. He has forwarded us a copy of the French book from which the plagiarism is made."[35] The New York Times reprinted the articles on September 4, 1921.[36] In the same year, an entire book[37] documenting the hoax was published in the United States by Herman Bernstein. Despite this widespread and extensive debunking, the Protocols continued to be regarded as important factual evidence by antisemites.[citation needed]

 

 

[edit] Arab lands, 1920s

In the 1920s, the Protocols occasionally appeared in the Arab polemics linking Zionism and Bolshevism. The first Arabic translations were made from the French by Arab Christians. The first translation was published in Raqib Sahyun, a periodical of the Roman Catholic community of Jerusalem, in 1926. Another translation made by an Arab Christian appeared in Cairo in 1927 or 1928, this time as a book. The first translation by an Arab Muslim was also published in Cairo, but only in 1951.[38]

 

 

[edit] The Berne Trial, 1934–1935

Main article: Berne Trial

In 1934, Dr. Alfred Zander, a Swiss Nazi, published a series of articles accepting the Protocols as fact. He was sued in what has come to be known as the Berne Trial. The trial began in the Cantonal Court of Bern on October 29, 1934, the plaintiffs were Dr. J. Dreyfus-Brodsky, Dr. Marcus Cohen and Dr. Marcus Ehrenpreis. On May 19, 1935 the court, after full investigation, declared the Protocols to be forgeries, plagiarisms, and obscene literature. Judge Walter Meyer, a Christian who had not heard of the Protocols earlier, said in conclusion:

 

"I hope, the time will come when nobody will be able to understand how in 1935 nearly a dozen sane and responsible men were able for two weeks to mock the intellect of the Bern court discussing the authenticity of the so-called Protocols, the very Protocols that, harmful as they have been and will be, are nothing but laughable nonsense".[20]

 

Vladimir Burtsev, a Russian emigre, anti-Bolshevik and anti-Fascist who exposed numerous Okhrana agents provocateurs in the early 1900s, served as a witness at the Berne Trial. In 1938 in Paris he published a book, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion: A Proved Forgery, based on his testimony.

 

On November 1, 1937 the sued party of the trial applied to the Swiss Court of Appeal asking to reverse the verdict, claiming that the law, while prohibiting "obscene literature", means pornography and is inapplicable to the Protocols. The three judges focused on purely procedural aspects of the case and decided to reverse the verdict. However, the presiding judge stated clearly that the forgery of the Protocols is not questionable and expressed regret that the law does not provide enough protection for Jews from literature of that kind. The court put the costs of both trials upon the sued party.[39] This decision gave grounds for later allegations that the appeal court "confirmed authenticity of the Protocols" which is opposite to the facts.

 

A scholarly work on the trial is a 139 page monograph by Urs Luthi.

 

 

[edit] South Africa

In an August 1934 case in Grahamstown, South Africa, the court imposed fines totalling £1,775 (about $8,875 at the time or about $130,000 in 2005 dollars) on three men for disseminating a version of the Protocols.

 

 

[edit] The Protocols in Nazi propaganda, 1930s-1940s

The Protocols also became a part of the Nazi propaganda effort to justify persecution of the Jews. It was made required reading for German students. In The Holocaust: The Destruction of European Jewry 1933–1945, Nora Levin states that "Hitler used the Protocols as a manual in his war to exterminate the Jews":

 

Despite conclusive proof that the Protocols were a gross forgery, they had sensational popularity and large sales in the 1920s and 1930s. They were translated into every language of Europe and sold widely in Arab lands, the United States, and England. But it was in Germany after World War I that they had their greatest success. There they were used to explain all of the disasters that had befallen the country: the defeat in the war, the hunger, the destructive inflation.[40]

 

Hitler refers to the Protocols in Mein Kampf:

 

... To what extent the whole existence of this people is based on a continuous lie is shown incomparably by the Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion, so infinitely hated by the Jews. They are based on a forgery, the Frankfurter Zeitung moans and screams once every week: the best proof that they are authentic. [...] the important thing is that with positively terrifying certainty they reveal the nature and activity of the Jewish people and expose their inner contexts as well as their ultimate final aims.[41]

 

Hitler endorsed it in his speeches from August 1921 on, and it was studied in German classrooms after the Nazis came to power. At the height of World War II, the Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels proclaimed: "The Zionist Protocols are as up-to-date today as they were the day they were first published."[26] In Norman Cohn's words, it served as the Nazis' "warrant for genocide".

 

 

[edit] Fascist Italy

While the first edition of the Protocols (1921) did not have much success, in the wake of the growing alliance between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, the Protocols were re-published in Italy in 1937 by Giovanni Preziosi with an introduction by Julius Evola.

 

 

[edit] Contemporary usage and popularity

While there is continued popularity of The Protocols in nations from South America to Asia, since the defeat of Nazi Germany and fascist Italy in WWII governments or political leaders in most parts of the world have generally avoided claims that The Protocols represent factual evidence of a real Jewish conspiracy. The exception to this is the Middle East, where a large number of Arab and Muslim regimes and leaders have endorsed them as authentic.

 

Past endorsements of The Protocols from Presidents Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat of Egypt, one of the President Arifs of Iraq, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, and Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi of Libya, among other political and intellectual leaders of the Arab world, are echoed by 21st century endorsements from the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Sheikh Ekrima Sa'id Sabri and Hamas to the education ministry of Saudi Arabia.[42]

 

 

[edit] Middle East

As popular opposition to israel spread across the Middle East in the years following its creation in 1948, many Arab governments funded new printings of the Protocols, and taught them in their schools as historical fact. They have been accepted as such by many Islamist organizations, such as Hamas and Islamic Jihad. Reportedly, Arabic editions issued in the Middle East were found on sale as far away as London.[43] There are at least nine different Arabic translations of the Protocols and more editions than in any other language including German.[38] The Protocols also figure prominently in the antisemitic propaganda distributed internationally by the Arab countries and have spread to other Muslim countries, such as Pakistan, Malaysia, and Indonesia.[38]

 

 

[edit] Syria

 

This 2005 Syrian edition includes an "historical and contemporary investigative study" that repeats the blood libel among other antisemitic accusations, and argues that the Torah and Talmud encourage Jews "to commit treason and to conspire, dominate, be arrogant and exploit other countries". ITC CSSThe Protocols is a best-seller in Syria[44] and, together with other antisemitic materials published there, is distributed throughout the Arab world.[45] In 1997, the two-volume 8th edition of the Protocols, translated and edited by 'Ajaj Nuwayhid, was published by Mustafa Tlass's publishing house and exhibited and sold at the Damascus International Book Fair (IBF) and at the Cairo IBF. At the 2005 Cairo IBF a stand of the Syrian publisher displayed a new, 2005 edition of the Protocols authorized by the Syrian Ministry of Information.[46][47] In Syria government-controlled television channels occasionally broadcast mini-series concerning the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, along with several other anti-semitic themes.[48]

 

 

[edit] Egypt

During the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egypt was the main source of internationally distributed antisemitic propaganda. In 1960, the Protocols were featured in an article published by Salah Dasuqi, military governor of Cairo, in al-Majallaaa, the official cultural journal.[38] In 1965, the Egyptian government released an English-language pamphlet titled israel, the Enemy of Africa and distributed it throughout the English-speaking countries of Africa. The pamphlet used the Protocols and The International Jew as its sources and concluded that all the Jews were cheats, thieves, and murderers.[38]

 

In a foreword to a translation of Shimon Peres' book The New Middle East, the Egyptian state-owned publisher al-Ahram editorialized in 1995:

 

'When The Protocols of the Elders of Zion were discovered, some 200 years ago, and translated in various languages, including Arabic, the World Zionist Organization attempted to deny the existence of the plot, and claimed forgery. The Zionists even endeavoured to purchase all the existing copies, in order to prevent their circulation. But today, Shimon Peres proves unequivocally that the Protocols are authentic, and that they tell the truth.'

 

An article in the Egyptian state-owned newspaper al-Akhbar on February 3, 2002 stated:

 

All the evils that currently affect the world are the doings of Zionism. This is not surprising, because the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, which were established by their wise men more than a century ago, are proceeding according to a meticulous and precise plan and time schedule, and they are proof that even though they are a minority, their goal is to rule the world and the entire human race."

 

In October 2002, a private Egyptian television company Dream TV produced a 41-part "historical drama" A Knight Without a Horse (Fars Bela Gewad), largely based on the Protocols,[49] which ran on 17 Arabic-language satellite television channels, including government-owned Egypt Television (ETV), for a month, causing concerns in the West.[50] Egypt's Information Minister Safwat El-Sherif announced that the series "contains no antisemitic material".[51]

 

On November 17, 2003, an Egyptian weekly al-Usbu‘ reported that the manuscript museum at the Alexandria Library, displayed the first Arabic translation of the Protocols at the section of the holy books of Judaism, next to a Torah scroll. The museum's director Dr. Youssef Ziedan was quoted as saying in an interview:

 

"...it has become one of the sacred [texts] of the Jews, next to their first constitution, their religious law ... more important to the Zionist Jews of the world than the Torah, because they conduct Zionist life according to it ... It is only natural to place the book in the framework of an exhibit of Torah."[52]

 

It also quoted him as saying that no more than one million Jews were killed by the Nazis, but Zionists manipulated the "knowledge that has reached the world".[52] See also:- Holocaust denial.

 

Dr. Ziedan strongly denies these quotes, accusing al-Usbu‘ of attributing "fabricated, groundless lies" to him and stating that "the Protocols is a racist, silly, fabricated book":

 

"The story began with an article in an Egyptian newspaper, al-Usbu‘, two weeks ago (on November 17, 2003), which alleged quoting from me utterly senseless statements intertwining facts with fancies. A month before, a journalist from the aforementioned newspaper interviewed me concerning the recent refurbishment of the manuscript and rare book museum. I handed her a written statement, as was the case with other journalists who covered the same news. Although, she concluded her article with my exact words, she started it with fabricated, groundless lies. She falsely reported me saying that I placed an edition of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion at the center of the museum alongside the Jewish Torah and divine books. Moreover, she claimed that I told her that this book is more significant then the Torah... On my part, I would like to maintain to the visitors of ziedan(contact admin if its a beneficial link) that the Protocols is a racist, silly, fabricated book. Perhaps, I should consider more thoroughly the Jewish issue on the academic level and furnish my vision of the interaction of religions. As civilized people, we totally renounce racism and call for tolerance and constructive interaction between people."[53]

After the publication, director of the Library Dr. Ismail Serageldin issued a statement:

 

"Preliminary investigation determined that the book was briefly displayed in a showcase devoted to rotating samples of curiosities and unusual items in our collection. ... The book is a well-known 19th century fabrication to foment anti-Jewish feelings. The book was promptly withdrawn from public display, but its very inclusion showed bad judgment and insensitivity..."[54]

 

 

[edit] Iran

The first Iranian edition of the Protocols was issued during the summer of 1978 before the Iranian Revolution after which the Protocols were widely publicized by the Iranian government. A publication called Imam, published by the Iranian embassy in London, quoted extensively from the Protocols in its issues of 1984 and 1985.[38] In 1985 a new edition of the Protocols was printed and widely distributed by the Islamic Propagation Organization, International Relations Department, in Tehran. The Astan Quds Razavi Foundation in Mashhad, Iran, one of the wealthiest institutions in Iran, financed publication of the Protocols in 1994. Parts of the Protocols were published by the daily Jomhouri-ye Eslami in 1994, under the heading The Smell of Blood, Zionist Schemes. Sobh, a far right monthly newspaper, published excerpts from the Protocols under the heading The text of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion for establishing the Jewish global rule in its December 1998–January 1999 issue, illustrated with a caricature of the Jewish snake swallowing the globe.

 

Iranian writer and researcher Ali Baqeri, who researched the Protocols, finds their plan for world domination to be merely part of an even more grandiose scheme, saying in Sobh in 1999:

 

"The ultimate goal of the Jews... after conquering the globe... is to extract from the hands of the Lord many stars and galaxies".

In April 2004, the Iranian television station Al-Alam broadcast Al-Sameri wa Al-Saher, a series that reported as fact several conspiracy theories about the Holocaust, Jewish control of Hollywood, and the Protocols.[55] The Iran Pavilion of the 2005 Frankfurt Book Fair had the Protocols, as well as The International Jew available.[56]

 

On the other hand, Iranian author Abdollah Shahbazi, known for his historical reports of several important events of Iran's history, has denied the authenticity of the Protocols officially on his website and has referred to several international investigations as the basis of his claim.[57]

 

 

[edit] Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabian schoolbooks contain explicit summaries of the Protocols as factual:

 

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion: These are secret resolutions, most probably of the aforementioned Basel congress. They were discovered in the nineteenth century. The Jews tried to deny them, but there was ample evidence proving their authenticity and that they were issued by the elders of Zion. The Protocols can be summarized in the following points:

 

Upsetting the foundations of the world's present society and its systems, in order to enable Zionism to have a monopoly of world government.

Eliminating nationalities and religions, especially the Christian nations.

Striving to increase corruption among the present regimes in Europe, as Zionism believes in their corruption and [eventual] collapse.

Controlling the media of publication, propaganda and the press, using gold for stirring up disturbances, seducing people by means of lust and spreading wantonness.

The cogent proof of the authenticity of these resolutions, as well as of the hellish Jewish schemes included therein, is the [actual] carrying out of many of those schemes, intrigues and conspiracies that are found in them. Anyone who reads them — and they were published in the nineteenth century — grasps today to what extent much of what is found there has been realized.[58]

According to Freedom House 2006 report, Saudi "textbook for boys for Tenth Grade on Hadith and Islamic Culture contains a lesson on the "Zionist Movement." It is a curious blend of wild conspiracy theories about Masonic Lodges, Rotary Clubs, and Lions Clubs with antisemitic invective. It asserts that the Protocols of the Elders of Zion is an authentic document and teaches students that it reveals what Jews really believe. It blames many of the world’s wars and discord on the Jews."[59]

 

 

[edit] Lebanon and Hezbollah

In March 1970, the Protocols were reported to be the top 'nonfiction' bestseller in Lebanon.[60] The Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 2004 by the US Department of State states that "the television series, Ash-Shatat ("The Diaspora"), which centred on the alleged conspiracy of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion to dominate the world, was aired in October and November 2003 by the Lebanon-based satellite television network Al-Manar, owned by Hezbollah."[61]

 

 

[edit] Hamas

The Charter of Hamas explicitly refers to the Protocols, accepting them as factual and makes several references to Freemasons as one of the "secret societies" controlled by "Zionists". The Article 32 of the Hamas Charter states:

 

The Zionist plan is limitless. After Palestine, the Zionists aspire to expand from the Nile to the Euphrates. When they will have digested the region they overtook, they will aspire to further expansion, and so on. Their plan is embodied in the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion", and their present conduct is the best proof of what we are saying.[62]

 

[edit] Palestinian National Authority

See also: Palestinian textbooks

The PNA frequently used the Protocols in the media and education under their control and some Palestinian academics presented the forgery as a plot upon which Zionism is based. For example, on January 25, 2001, the official PNA daily Al-Hayat al-Jadida cited the Protocols on its Political National Education page to explain israel's policies:

 

Disinformation has been one of the bases of moral and psychological manipulation among the israelis ... The Protocols of the Elders of Zion did not ignore the importance of using propaganda to promote the Zionist goals. The second protocol reads: 'Through the newspapers we will have the means to propel and to influence'. In the twelfth protocol: 'Our governments will hold the reins of most of the newspapers, and through this plan we will possess the primary power to turn to public opinion.'

 

Later that year the same newspaper wrote: "The purpose of the military policy is to impose this situation on the residents and force them to leave their homes, and this is done in the framework of the Protocols of Zion..."[63]

 

The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Sheikh Ekrima Sa'id Sabri appeared on the Saudi satellite channel Al-Majd on February 20, 2005, commenting on the assassination of the former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. "Anyone who studies The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and specifically the Talmud," he said, "will discover that one of the goals of these Protocols is to cause confusion in the world and to undermine security throughout the world."[64]

 

In 2005, it was reported that the Palestinian Authority was teaching the Protocols in schools. After media exposure, the PA promised to stop.[65] On May 19, 2005, The New York Times reported that Palestinian Authority Minister of Information Nabil Shaath removed from his ministry's web site an Arabic translation of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.[66]

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Imagine that Yasnov , an Egyptian , an educated man , as late as 1995 refered to the protocols as a 200 year old document ......

 

indeed !........................bigotry trumps intellect .

 

 

However I do sincerely doubt any intellect on your part .....yoiur mind is pure propaganda and indoctrination devoid of reason and logic .....like a robot , as it were .

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TRULY , any sane and reasonably intelligent man , can discern the common thread in those who hold as true the protocols ... it can not be disguised as historical fact , nor can it be attempted to be shown as intellectual endeavor , nor can it be proven to be within the realm of possibility.

 

And that common thread is an unreasonable and unmitigated hatred of jews and judaeism , used soley for incitement against jews .

 

so ..... who are you trying to fool Yasnov ?

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do you still have any copy and paste in store, taj?

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Oh yes , there is literal " TONS of INFORMATION " shooting your argument to pieces , why ? is it now shifted from the actual validity of this false doctrine you worship ? Or a matter of gathering credible information , from CREDIBLE SOURCES [ not astronomers and misguided anti-semites ] as the cut and pastes you put up .

In fact if anyone were to measure YOUR actual words as opposed to the amount of material that YOU CUT AND PASTE , it would become quite clear that the opnly one who exceeds you in such was ###### .

 

 

So do not try to avert attention from the absolute refutation and debunking of this anti-semitic lie that you embrace and try to uphold , by using the fact that cut and pasting is a reasonable and verifiable means of transmitting information , which is only denigrated by persons like yourself who do in fact cut and paste from bogus known anti-semitic websitews , and quotes from avowed anti-semitic authors .

 

 

So IF you wish to refute ANYTHING that has been cut and pasted in my previous several posts ....please do so , using reliable , credible and NON-ANTI-SEMITIC sources .

 

 

As I asked before : "who are you trying to fool Yasnov " ???

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....and YES , for every anti-semitic lie you attempt to foist up regarding the protocols , I have literal thousands of cut and pastes from RESPECTABLE , CREDIBLE ,NON-BIASED and INTELLECTUAL sources to make your lies just the foolishness which they most certainly are . They WILL be exposed for the lies that they are .

 

If you wish to continue , by all means do so , you are free to make as much of a fool of yourself , as you may desire .

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taj you are so cool. i like your style :sl:

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You cannot overwhelm the truth with a lie Yasnov .....that is not intellectual knowledge , it is WISDOM .....do try to get some . :sl:

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The Protocols ARE a fabrication.

 

"Elders of Zion" meant "Old Jewish Men" back when it was written. It did NOT mean "ZIONISTS."

 

I am a Westerner and a Jew. So I don't claim to be able to analyze the poetry of Farid ud-Din Attar, even in translation. I am nearly without any real knowledge of the Quran, Old Persia, the attar trade, the Persian Romantic Tradition, or any kind of Persiana of that glorious age of rose-perfumed coffee-chats betwixt our three peoples.

 

But as a Westerner, I can, and will, tell you that you are out of your depth trying to understand this document as what it really is. Perhaps a kind Brother or Sister of yours who has done any kind of European History course or European Literature course can help you to see the error of your absolute faith in the genuineness of this document.

 

There are many literary and linguistic subtleties that a Westerner can discern, the knowledge of which come through living in Western culture.

 

I am going to take a wild leap here and hazard that you are neither an imam, nor have you discussed this document and your theories thereabout with any imam. No man charged with uncovering the Truths of the World would be so cavalier or so vengeful about the written word. Are you absolutely certain that Shaitan did not place this piece of filth in your way as a stumbling-block on your Path?

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