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Allah Almighty Said:



"They perform (their) vows, and they fear a
Day Whose evil flies far and wide. And they feed, for the
love of Allah,
the indigent, the orphan, and the captive
-- (Saying), 'We feed you For the sake of Allah alone: No reward do we
desire from you, nor thanks.'
(The Noble
Quran, 76:7-9) (listen to aya (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_mediaserver.hadi(contact admin if its a beneficial link):8080/ramgen/ra170/Minshawi/s76a7.rm?mode=compact"]76:7[/url], (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_mediaserver.hadi(contact admin if its a beneficial link):8080/ramgen/ra170/Minshawi/s76a8.rm?mode=compact"]76:8[/url] and (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_mediaserver.hadi(contact admin if its a beneficial link):8080/ramgen/ra170/Minshawi/s76a9.rm?mode=compact"]76:9[/url])
"





The Muslims were Commanded, 1500 years ago, to
feed the prisoners of war
"for the love of
Allah"
and to tell them:



"We feed you for
the sake of Allah (Almighty) alone: No reward do we desire from you, and no thanks."





This basically sums up the entire article, except for section
#4 below regarding the war criminals' punishment!



 



 



Can Muslims torture prisoners of war?



The sections of this article are:



1- Can Muslims torture prisoners of war?

2- Did Prophet Muhammad ever abuse or kill any of his
Captives or take personal revenges from them?


3- Muslims are commanded by Allah Almighty to treat their Captives with
kindness and to feed them!

4- When is the captured enemy must not be considered a "Captive"
or "Prisoner of War"? And how can Muslims punish them?
Is Ethnic Cleansing allowed in Islam?

- So what are those times where Muslims must not
accept any captive?

- Further explanations from Sheikh (Minister) Abdullah Yusuf Ali.


5- Conclusion.



 



 



 



1- Can Muslims
torture prisoners of war?



For the Captives of war, absolutely not! But for the enemy who has treacherous
designs against the Muslims, there is a punishment that he must face as shown below in the
article. Those "treacherous designs" are the tricky and deceiving evil
actions such as causing a war between the Muslims and other non-Muslim tribes by using
tricks and deceptions. Another example is when some of the hypocrites during Prophet
Muhammad's times used to falsely embrace Islam to be accepted among the Muslims, and then
later try to create conflicts among Muslim men and cause them to revenge from each others,
because they belonged to tribes that had bloody wars with each others before they embraced
Islam. The punishment for such enemy is Noble Verses 5:33-34 as shown below in this
article.



Let us look what Allah Almighty Said regarding the captives or the prisoners of wars:



"O Prophet! say to those who are captives in your
hands:
'If Allah findeth any good in your hearts, He will Give you something
better than what has been taken from you, and He will Forgive you: for Allah is
Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. But if they have treacherous designs against thee, (O
Messenger!), they have already been in treason against Allah, and so hath He given
(thee) power over them.
And Allah is He who hath (Full) knowledge and
wisdom.
(The Noble Quran, 8:70-71)"



The following explanation of Noble Verses 8:70-71 was taken from the commentary of
Sheikh (Minister) Abdullah Yusuf Ali's (may Allah Almighty rest his soul) English
translation:



"This is a consolation to the prisoners of war. In
spite of their previous hostility, Allah will forgive them in His mercy if there was any
good in their hearts, and confer upon them a far higher gift than anything they have ever
lost.
This gift in its highest sense would be the blessing of Islam,
but even in a material sense, there was great good fortune awaiting them, e.g., in the
case of Al-Abbas (who was among the unbelievers and was taken as a prisoner of war).



Note how comprehensive is Allah's care. He encourages and
strengthens the Muslims, at the same time condemning any baser motives that may have
entered their minds. He consoles the prisoners of war and promises them better
things if there is any good in them at all. And He offers comfort to those who have
left their homes in His Cause, and knits them into closer fellowship with those who have
helped them and sympathized with them.



If the kindness shown to them is abused by the prisoners of war
when they are released, it is not a matter of discouragement to those who showed the
kindness. Such persons have in their treachery shown already their treason to Allah,
in that they took up arms against Allah's Prophet, and sought to blot out the pure worship
of Allah. The punishment of defeat, which opened the eyes of some of their comrades,
evidently did not open their eyes. But Allah knows all, and in His wisdom will order
all things for the best. The Believers have done their duty in showing such clemency
as they could in the circumstances of war. For them "Allah sufficeth"
(Noble Verse 8:62)"
[2].



Note: For the captives,
paying money is not always the way to freedom. It is true that they would lose their
weapons and other equipment such as their carts, horses, camels, etc..., but to gain their
way out of captivity doesn't always have to be through paying money.



When the Muslims won the first battle of Islam against the Pagans, the battle Badr, our
Prophet peace be upon him told his captives that whoever wants to
earn his freedom he must teach 10 illiterate Muslims how to read and write, and he will
then be set free.



 



 



2-
Did Prophet Muhammad ever abuse
or kill any of his Captives or take personal revenges from them?



Absolutely not! Killing captives is forbidden in
Islam,
except for those who deserve it such as war criminals as clearly proven
below in section #4.



Narrated Salim's father: "The Prophet sent Khalid bin
Al-Walid to the tribe of Jadhima and Khalid invited them to Islam but they could not
express themselves by saying, "Aslamna (i.e. we have embraced Islam)," but they
started saying "Saba'na! Saba'na (i.e. we have come out of one religion to
another)." Khalid kept on killing (some of) them and taking (some of) them as
captives and gave every one of us his Captive. When there came the day then
Khalid ordered that each man (i.e. Muslim soldier) should kill his captive,
I
said, "By Allah, I will not kill my captive, and none of my companions will kill his
captive." When we reached the Prophet, we mentioned to him the whole story. On that,
the Prophet raised both his hands and said twice, "O Allah! I am free (or
innocent or not responsible for) from what Khalid has done."
(Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Volume 5, Book 59, Number 628)"



"They perform (their) vows, and they fear a Day Whose evil
flies far and wide. And they feed, for the love of Allah, the
indigent, the orphan, and the captive -- (Saying), 'We feed you For the sake of Allah
alone: No reward do we desire from you, nor thanks.'
(The Noble Quran, 76:7-9)"



 



Listen to my (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/no_killing_of_innocents.mp3"]AUDIO rebuttal[/url] to Christian_Prince regarding this subject.



 



Muslims not only can't kill their captives, but they also must
feed them for the
"love of Allah".



Our Prophet peace be upon him forgave the enemies of Islam.
When the Muslims liberated Mecca from the Pagan Arabs, and the Pagans' army gave up,
because they were widely out numbered by the Muslims, our Prophet peace be upon him said
his very famous word that was taught to us in schools:



"Go, you are free."





Compare this with the Bible's real terrorism toward captives:



Numbers 31:7, 17-18 "They
fought against Midian, as the LORD commanded Moses, and killed every man.......Now
kill all the boys [innocent kids]. And kill every woman who has
slept with a man, but save for yourselves every girl who has never slept with a
man.
"



1 Samuel 15:2-4

2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to
israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt.

3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not;
but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling,
ox and sheep, camel and
######.

4 And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them in Telaim, two
hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah.



((you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/age3.htm"]you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/age3.htm[/url])



 



Please visit (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/no_personal_revenge.htm"]Prophet Muhammad never took any personal
revenge.[/url]
This article covers this issue.



 



 



3- Muslims are
commanded by Allah Almighty to treat their Captives with kindness and to feed them!





Again, listen to my (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/no_killing_of_innocents.mp3"]AUDIO rebuttal[/url] to Christian_Prince regarding this subject.





Let us look what Allah Almighty said in the Noble Quran:



"They perform (their) vows, and they fear a Day Whose evil
flies far and wide. And they feed, for the love of Allah, the
indigent, the orphan, and the captive -- (Saying), 'We feed you For the sake of Allah
alone: No reward do we desire from you, nor thanks.'
(The Noble Quran, 76:7-9)"



In these Noble Verses, we clearly see how Allah Almighty orders
the Muslims to treat their captives with kindness and to not expect anything back in
return. Muslims must do it for the love of Allah Almighty, hence they have to feed
their captives in kindness and love.



Notice here how Allah Almighty is so Great, Merciful and
Gracious, that even the captives are given His Love. Allah Almighty's door for Mercy
and Forgiveness is always open.



Please visit (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/mercy_of_allah.htm"]The Mercy and Forgiveness of Allah Almighty.[/url]



 



 



4- When
is the captured enemy must not be considered a "Captive" or "Prisoner of
War"? And how can Muslims punish them? Is Ethnic Cleansing allowed in
Islam?



What power did Allah Almighty give to Prophet Muhammad over the enemies who had
treacherous designs against Islam; "....and so hath He given
(thee) power over them.....
(The Noble Quran, 8:71)"?



The captured enemy can not be considered a captive or prisoner of war if he had
treacherous designs against the Muslims.



 



This would never
apply to
ordinary soldiers!



 



It would rather apply to people like war criminal leaders and commanders.
There is a punishment that such enemy must face as shown below in Noble Verses
5:33-34. Those "treacherous designs"

are the evil actions such as for instance causing a war between the Muslims and other
non-Muslim tribes by using tricks and deceptions. Another example is when some of
the hypocrites during Prophet Muhammad's times used to falsely embrace Islam to be
accepted among the Muslims, and then later try to create conflicts among Muslim men and
cause them to revenge from each others, because they belonged to tribes that had bloody
wars with each others before they embraced Islam, and the tribal mentality might still
remained in them. The punishment for such enemy is Noble Verses 5:33-34 as shown
below in this article.



And yes, Ethnic cleansing can be applied to that person or group of treacherous people.
Ethnic cleansing is not allowed in Islam for any other case! Normal people can
not be Ethnically cleansed as the Yugoslav Serbs did to the Muslim Kosovars just because
they differ in religion or race. Only the treacherous people or individuals or war
criminal leaders
can be Ethnically cleansed or exiled.



Let us look at what Allah Almighty Said in the Noble Quran:



"The punishment of those who wage war against God and His
Apostle, and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is: execution,
or crucifixion, or the cutting off of hands and feet from opposite sides, or exile from
the land:
that is their disgrace in this world, and a heavy punishment is theirs
in the Hereafter; Except for those who repent before they fall into your power:
in that case, know that God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
(The Noble Quran, 5:33-34)"



There are times when Muslims must accept no captives. This is the time when the
Muslims are ordered to punish the enemy severely.



 



So what are those times where Muslims must not
accept any captive?



When they had been betrayed by the enemy. Let us look at some incidents where
Noble Verse 5:33 had been applied to the enemy:



The first incident is when the Muslims were just starting Islam
in Madina. Along with the Muslims there, there were some Christians and three big
Jewish tribes: Bani Al-natheer, Bani Qaynuqaa, and Bani Quraytha. When the
Pagans of Mecca wanted to end Islam once and for all, they finally agreed along with
several other Pagan tribes out side Mecca to attack the Muslims in Madina.



Prior to this, the Muslims had already signed a treaty of united defense of Madina with
the Jews. When the Pagans of Mecca and their allies finally started marching to
Madina, the Muslims became aware of it. One of our beloved Prophet's close
companions, Salman Al-Farisi (may Allah Almighty be pleased with him, rest his soul and
grant him Paradise), suggested that the Muslims should dig a big trench to along all of
the plain areas of Madina to disable the Pagans from attacking the Muslims.



The Jews' tribes were stationed in the North side of Madina. They didn't need to
dig any trench because they had such high mountains that they could easily defend by
stationing their troops on top of the mountains, which would then disable the Pagans from
entering Madina from the North. But the Jews will always remain Jews no matter what.
They betrayed our Prophet and told the Pagans that they could attack them from the
North along with the Jewish army. Allah Almighty had blessed the Muslims with a big
victory after long battles and Allah Almighty's blessings of the winds that blocked the
eye sights of the enemies of Islam.



After the Pagans withdrew back to Mecca, our Prophet peace be upon him executed Noble Verse 5:33 and exiled Bani Quraytha, the first Jewish tribe
to betray the Muslims, from Madina. Later on, the other two Jewish tribes were
exiled too.



The second incident is in the following narration about our Prophet Muhammad peace be
upon him, which further explains in details when the Muslims need to apply Noble Verse
5:33 to the enemy:



Narrated Abu Qilaba: "Anas said, "Some people of 'Ukl
or 'Uraina tribe came to Medina and its climate did not suit them. So the Prophet ordered
them to go to the herd of (Milch) camels and to drink their milk and urine (as a
medicine). So they went as directed and after they became healthy, they killed the
shepherd of the Prophet and drove away all the camels.
The news reached the
Prophet early in the morning and he sent (men) in their pursuit and they were captured and
brought at noon. He then ordered to cut their hands and feet (and it was done), and their
eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron, They were put in 'Al-Harra' and when they
asked for water, no water was given to them." Abu Qilaba said, "Those people
committed theft and murder, became infidels after embracing Islam and fought against Allah
and His Apostle.
(Sahih Bukhari, Ablutions (Wudu'),
Volume 1, Book 4, Number 234)
"



Notice in the above incidents that the enemy had betrayed the Muslims. In the
first incident, the Jews betrayed the Muslims by breaking up the treaty and fighting along
side with the Pagans. In the second incident, the Pagans killed the Shepherd and and
stole all of the Camels after they gained the Muslims' trust by embracing Islam.

These are the only times where Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him ever applied Noble Verse
5:33 to anyone.



Please visit (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/urine.htm"]Did Prophet Muhammad prescribe
Camel Urine as Medicine?[/url]
See from Medical proofs that several of our
medicines today are indeed extracted from animal urines.



The point is that Muslims are not allowed to kill ordinary "Prisoners of War"
as it is clearly stated in Noble Verses 8:70-71. The sever punishment for the enemy and
the refusal to accept any captives is when the Muslims had been betrayed by the enemy
(Noble Verse 5:33).



Note: Notice also in Noble
Verse 5:34 that the door for mercy and forgiveness for the sincere enemy is open.

The Muslims can not do any harm to the enemy if the enemy repents.



 



Further explanations from Sheikh (Minister) Abdullah
Yusuf Ali:



The following explanation of Noble Verse 5:33 comes from the Noble Quran that I used,
which was translated by Sheikh (Minister) Abdullah Yusuf Ali; may Allah Almighty rest his
soul:



"For the double crime of treason against the State, combined
with treason against Allah, as shown by overt crimes, four alternative punishments are
mentioned, any one of which is to be applied according to circumstances, viz., execution
(cutting off of the head), crucifixion, maiming, or exile."
[3].



 



 



5- Conclusion:



Islam is a merciful religion and Allah Almighty gives the enemies of Islam the
opportunity to be forgiven when they're captured in the battle field. Muslims must
always treat their captives with kindness and feed them.



If the enemy was caught after they played a very dirty trick on the Muslims and caused
the Muslims much damage from their evil deceptions and tricks as the Jews and some of the
people of Tribe of Urania did to our Prophet and the Muslims, then Noble Verse 5:33 must
be applied for their punishment.



The door for mercy and forgiveness is always open for the treacherous enemy as clearly
stated in Noble Verse 5:34, but depending on the situation, if the enemy is so obviously
not willing to sincerely repent even if they declare it, then Noble Verse 5:34 can not be
applied to them and the punishment of Noble Verse 5:33 must be applied.



 



 



Bibliography:



1- The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an.

Author: Abdullah Yusuf Ali.


Published by: Amana Publications, 10710 Tucker Street, Suite B, Beltsville, Maryland
20705-2223 USA.

Telephone: (301) 595-5777.

Fax: (301) 595-5888.

ISBN: 0-91597-59-0 (HC).



2- The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an [1]. Foot notes #1237 and #1238, page 432.



3- The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an [1]. Foot note #738, page 257.



(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetanswering-christianity(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/prisoners_of_war.htm"]Source[/url]

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PropellerAds

I agree. Jazakallah khair, brother.

 

Salam.

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There is a thread in the Islamic-Western Dialogue section of this forum in which the Muslims argue that it is perfectly fine for Muslims to take the POW's and make them slaves, including their women and children.

 

I know Redeem, who responded in this thread, believes this. How about the rest?

 

But the Jews will always remain Jews no matter what. They betrayed our Prophet and told the Pagans that they could attack them from the North along with the Jewish army.

 

What exactly does the author mean by this comment?

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