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Shab E Baraat

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Assalamu Alaikum

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_en.wikipedia(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/wiki/Shab-e-baraat"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_en.wikipedia(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/wiki/Shab-e-baraat[/url]

 

^ Is this just a desi/shia thing? What is the majority sunni opinion on this day? I already know what the salafis say, but what do the four schools of thought say ?

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:sl:

 

The Night of the 15th of Sha`ban

 

Is it a sunna or bida to worship on the night of the 15th of Sha`ban?

 

Walaikum assalam,

 

It is a sunna to worship Allah at every moment and with every breath.

 

It is clearly stated in the fiqh works of the madhhabs that it is recommended to worship on this night. Even Ibn Taymiyya says this.

 

1. Imam Haskafi said in his Durr al-Mukhtar, one of the primary references in the Hanafi school:

 

"Among the recommended [prayers] are on. . . . the nights of the two Eids, the middle of Sha`ban, the last ten of Ramadan, and the first [ten] of Dhul-Hijjah."

 

2. Ibn Taymiyya was asked about the prayer of mid-Sha`ban [i.e. the night of].

 

He answered:

 

If a person prays that night alone, or in a select congregation, as many groups (tawaif) of the Early Muslims used to do, it is very good.

 

As for gathering in the Masjid for a particular fixed prayer, such as gather for 100 rakats in which 1,000 QulhuwaAllahuAhad are read every time, this is a reprehensible innovation, which none of the imams have allowed. [ibn Taymiyya, al-Fatawa al-Kubra, 2; 222-138]

 

3. This corresponds to what Imam Nawawi mentioned in his Majmu`, where he also quoted Imam al-Shafi`i from the latters al-Umm that it has reached him that there are 5 nights when dua is answered, one of them being the night of the 15th of Sha`ban.

 

Note, of course, that the night of the 15th is the night before it.

 

It is reported from Sayyiduna `Ali (Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: "Let all of you spend the night of mid-Sha`ban in worship (i.e. partly) and its day in fasting. Allah descends to the nearest heaven during this night, beginning with sunset, and says: Is there no one asking forgiveness that I may forgive them? Is there no one asking sustenance that I may grant them sustenance? Is there no one under trial that I may relieve them? Is there not such-and-such, is there not such-and-such, and so forth until until dawn rises. [Narrated by Ibn Majah with a weak chain.]

 

There are many other narrations from the Companions and early Muslims confirming this matter, as mentioned by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali in his Lataif al-Ma`arif, and others.

 

There is general consensus that weak hadiths may be acted upon for virtuous acts, such as voluntary fasting and prayer, as long as the hadith is not excessively weak, returns to a general basis in the Shariah, and one is not convinced that the Prophet (Allah bless him & give him peace) specifically prescribed it.

 

And Allah alone gives success.

 

Wassalam,

Faraz Rabbani

 

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--------------------------------------

 

The Night of Bara'ah

 

Another significant feature of the month of Sha'ban is that it consists of a night which is termed in Shariah as "Laylatul-bara'ah" (The night of freedom from Fire). This is the night occurring between 14th and 15th day of Sha'ban. There are certain traditions of Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to prove that it is a meritorious night in which the people of the earth are attended by special Divine mercy. Some of these traditions are quoted as follows:

 

1. Ummul-Mu'mineen 'Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, is reported to have said, "Once Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, performed the Salah of the night (Tahajjud) and made a very long Sajdah until I feared that he had passed away. When I saw this, I rose (from my bed) and moved his thumb (to ascertain whether he is alive). The thumb moved, and I returned (to my place). Then I heard him saying in Sajdah: 'I seek refuge of Your forgiveness from Your punishment, and I seek refuge of Your pleasure from Your annoyance, and I seek Your refuge from Yourself. I cannot praise You as fully as You deserve. You are exactly as You have defined Yourself.' Thereafter, when he raised his head from Sajdah and finished his salah, he said to me: 'Aishah, did you think that the Prophet has betrayed you?' I said, 'No, O Prophet of Allah, but I was afraid that your soul has been taken away because your Sajdah was very long.' He asked me, 'Do you know which night is this?' I said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'This is the night of the half of Sha'ban. Allah Almighty looks upon His slaves in this night and forgives those who seek forgiveness and bestows His mercy upon those who pray for mercy but keeps those who have malice (against a Muslim) as they were before, (and does not forgive them unless they relieve themselves from malice).'"

 

2. In another Tradition Sayyidah' Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, has reported that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, has said, "Allah Almighty descends (in a manner He best knows it) in the night occurring in the middle of Sha'ban and forgives a large number of people more than the number of the fibers on the sheep of the tribe, Kalb."

 

Kalb was a big tribe the members of which had a very large number of sheep. Therefore, the last sentence of the hadith indicates the big number of the people who are forgiven in this night by Allah Almighty.

 

3. In yet another Tradition, she has reported Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to have said, "This is the middle Night of Sha'ban. Allah frees in it a large number of the people from Fire, more than the number of the hair growing on the sheep of the tribe, Kalb. But He does not even look at a person who associates partners with Allah, or at a person who nourishes malice in his heart (against someone), or at a person who cuts off the ties of kinship, or at a man who leaves his clothes extending beyond his ankles (as a sign of pride), or at a person who disobeys his parents, or at a person who has a habit of drinking wine."

 

4. Sayyidna Mu'adh ibn Jabal, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, has said: "Allah Almighty looks upon all those created by Him in the middle Night of Sha'ban and forgives all those created by Him, except the one who associates partners with Him or the one who has malice in his heart (against a Muslim)".

 

Although the chain of narrators of some of these traditions suffers with some minor technical defects, yet when all these traditions are combined together, it becomes clear that this night has some well founded merits, and observing this night as a sacred night is not a baseless concoction as envisaged by some modern scholars who, on the basis of these minor defects, have totally rejected to give any special importance to this night. In fact, some of these traditions have been held by some scholars of hadith as authentic and the defects in the chain of some others have been treated by them as minor technical defects which, according to the science of hadith, are curable by the variety of their ways of narration. That is why the elders of the ummah have constantly been observing this night as a night of special merits and have been spending it in worship and prayers.

 

What Should be Done in this Night?

 

In order to observe the Night of Bara'ah, one should remain awakened in this night as much as he can. If someone has better opportunities, he should spend the whole night in worship and prayer. However, if one cannot do so for one reason or another, he can select a considerable portion of the night, preferably of the second half of it for this purpose, and should perform the following acts of worship:

 

(a) Salah. Salah is the most preferable act to be performed in this night. There is no particular number of Rak'at but preferably it should not be less than eight. It is also advisable that each part of the Salah like qiyam, rukoo' and sajdah should be longer than normal. The longest surahs of the Holy Qur'an one remembers by heart should be recited in the Salah of this night. If someone does not remember the long surahs, he can also recite several short surahs in one rak'ah.

 

(B) Tilawa. The recitation of the Holy Qur'an is another form of worship, very beneficent in this night. After performing Salah, or at any other time, one should recite as much of the Holy Qur'an as he can.

 

© Dhikr. One should also perform dhikr (recitation of the name of Allah) in this night. Particularly the following dhikr is very useful:

 

One should recite Salah (durood) on Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, as many times as he can. The dhikr can also be recited while walking, lying on bed and during other hours of work or leisure.

 

(d) Dua. The best benefit one can draw from the blessings of this night is prayers and supplications. It is hoped that all the prayers in this night will be accepted by our Lord, insha-Allah. Prayer itself is an 'Ibadah, and Allah Almighty gives reward on each prayer along with the fulfillment of the supplicator's need. Even if the purpose prayed for is not achieved, one cannot be deprived of the reward of the prayer which is sometimes more precious than the mundane benefits one strives for. The prayers and supplications also strengthen one's relation with Allah Almighty, which is the main purpose of all kinds and forms of worship.

 

One can pray for whatever purpose he wishes. But the best supplications are the ones made by Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam. These are so comprehensive and all-encompassing prayers that all the human needs, of this world and the Hereafter, are fully covered in the eloquent expressions used in them. Actually, most of the prophetic prayers are so profound that human imagination can hardly match their greatness.

 

Several books in various languages are available which provide these prophetic prayers, and one should pray to Allah Almighty in accordance with them, whether by reciting their original Arabic text or by rendering their sense in one's own language.

 

(e) There are some people who cannot perform any additional Salah or recitations for any reason, like illness or weakness or being engaged in some other necessary activities. Such people also should not deprive themselves completely of the blessings of this night. They should observe the following acts:

 

(i) To perform the Salah of Maghrib, 'Isha' and Fajr with Jama'ah in the Masjid, or in their homes in case of their being sick.

 

(ii) They should keep reciting the dhikr, particularly the one mentioned in para © above, in whatever condition they are until they sleep.

 

(iii) They should pray to Allah for their forgiveness and for their other objectives. One can do so even when he is in his bed.

 

(f) The women during their periods cannot perform salah, nor can they recite the Qur'an, but they can recite any dhikr, tasbeeh, durood sharif and can pray to Allah for whatever purpose they like in whatever language they wish. They can also recite the Arabic prayers mentioned in the Qur'an or in the hadith with the intention of supplication (and not with the intention of recitation).

 

(g) According to a hadith, which is relatively less authentic, Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, went in this night to the graveyard of Baqi' where he prayed for the Muslims buried there. On this basis, some of the fuqaha hold it as mustahabb (advisable) in this night to go to the graveyard of the Muslims and recite Fatihah or any other part of the Qur'an, and pray for the dead. But this act is neither obligatory nor should it be performed as regularly as an obligatory act.

 

What Should Not be Done in This Night

 

1. As mentioned earlier, the Night of Bara'ah is a night in which special blessings are directed towards the Muslims. Therefore, this night should be spent in total submission to Allah Almighty, and one should refrain from all those activities, which may displease Allah. Although it is always incumbent upon every Muslim to abstain from sins, yet this abstinence becomes all the more necessary in such nights, because committing sins in this night will amount to responding to divine blessings with disobedience and felony. Such an arrogant attitude can invite nothing but the wrath of Allah. Therefore, one should strictly abstain from all the sins, particularly from those mentioned in the Hadith No. 3 quoted earlier in this article, because these sins make one devoid of the blessings of this night.

 

2. In this night some people indulge in some activities which they regard as necessary for the celebration of the Night of Bara'ah, like cooking some special type of meal, or illuminating houses or Masjids, or improvised structures. All such activities are not only baseless and innovated in the later days by ignorant people, but in some cases they are pure imitation of some rituals performed by non-Muslim communities. Such imitation in itself is a sin; performing it in a blessed night like the Night of Bara'ah makes it worse. Muslims should strictly abstain from all such activities.

 

3. Some people spend this night in holding religious meetings and delivering long speeches. Such activities are also not advisable, because these acts can easily be performed in other nights. This night requires one to devote himself for the pure acts of worship only.

 

4. The acts of worship like Salah, recitation of the Qur'an and dhikr should be performed in this night individually, not collectively. The Nafl Salah should not be performed in Jama'ah, nor should the Muslims arrange gatherings in the Masjids in order to celebrate the night in a collective manner.

 

On the contrary, this night is meant for worshipping Allah in solitude. It is the time to enjoy the direct contact with the Lord of the Universe, and to devote one's attention to Him and Him alone. These are the precious hours of the night in which nobody should intervene between one and his Lord, and one should turn to Allah with total concentration, not disturbed or intermitted by any one else.

 

That is why Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, observed the acts of worship in this night in total seclusion, not accompanied by anyone, not even by his favorite life companion Sayyidah 'Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, and that is why all forms of the optional worship (Nafl Ibadah), are advised by him to be done in individual, not in collective manner.

 

Fast of the 15th Sha'ban

 

On the day immediately following the Night of Bara'ah, i.e. the 15th of Sha'ban, it is mustahabb (advisable) to keep fast. Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, is reported to have recommended this fast emphatically. Although the scholars of hadith have some doubts in the authenticity of this report, yet it is mentioned earlier that the fasts of the first half of Sha'ban have special merits and Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to fast most of the days in Sha'ban. Moreover, a large number of the elders (salaf) of the Ummah have been observing the fast of the 15th of Sha'ban. This constant practice indicates that they have accepted the relevant hadith as authentic.

 

Therefore, it is advisable to fast the 15th of Sha'ban as an optional (nafl) fast. One can also keep a fast of qada on this day and it is hoped that he can also benefit from the merits of this fast.

 

Mufti Taqi Usmani

 

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Assalamu Alaikum

 

JazakAllah khair for the links sister, what about the 100 rakat prayer, what is the sunni majority opinion, is it the same as Ibn Taymiyyahs?

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ce' post='449136' date='Aug 14 2007, 03:31 AM']Assalamu Alaikum

 

JazakAllah khair for the links sister, what about the 100 rakat prayer, what is the sunni majority opinion, is it the same as Ibn Taymiyyahs?

 

:sl:

 

The teachers I have spoken to have said there is no basis for a specific 100 rakat prayer- and that a person can just perform nawafil to the extent that they want. These people are of Hanafi, Shafi'i and Maliki fiqhi backgrounds. I don't know if that counts as a 'majority' position, but that is what I have been taught.

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Assalamu Alaikum

 

Ok and I also found this article (non salafi)

 

Laylatul Bara'at

 

The facts....

 

1) The vasy majority of narrations declaring the benefits and virtues of Laylatu Bara'at are weak.

 

2) However, since these narrations aee numerous and the weakness in many is not severe, the virtue of this NIGHT will be considered authentic. Even Allamah Ibn Taymiyyah, a scholar notorious for refuting such things also accepts the virtue of the night of Bara'at. He says: 'So many ahaadith and reports exist regarding the excellence of the fifteenth night of Shabaan that one is compelled to accept that this night does possess some virtue'.

9Faydhul Qadeer p. 317, v. 2)

 

3) Allamah Anwar Shah Kashimiri has written regarding the matter that the significance of the night is proven. There is however no prffo for those wean and unacceptable narrations mentioned in certain books. (al-Arf al-Shizee p. 156)

 

4) There is no specific prescribed Salaah reserved for this night.

 

5) There is no specific form of Ibadah prescribed for this night.

 

6) It was the noble habit of Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam to engage in ibadah during the last portion of every night. Ibadah was not restricted to the 15th of Shaban or any other specific night. Ayesha Radhiyallahu anha reports that Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam used to go to bed during the first portion of the night and he would stay awake the last portion of the night (spending it in ibadah). (Bukhari and Muslim)

 

7) Allah Ta'ala descends to the nearest heaven during the last third of every night. (Bukhari p. 153) This is not restricted to the 15th night of Sha'ban.

 

8) Visiting the graveyard is not a special characteristic of this night; it is proven from other authentic narrations that Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam would visit the graveyard during the last portion of many nights.

 

9) It is the consensus (ijma) of all jurists that it is better for an individual to perform optional prayers in ones own home.

 

10) It was the practise of Rasoolullah Salllallahu alaihi wasallam and the Sahaabah Radhiyallahu anhum to engage in Nafl/optional prayers in their own homes. One can conclude from this that the customs and traditions prevalent today where people assemble on nights such as these have no base in the Qur'an or Sunnah.

 

11) Fasting on the 15th of Sha'ban is not proven from any Sahih Hadith

 

12) It is a misconception that the fast of the 15th of Sha'ban is Sunnah.

There is only one hadtih regarding fasting on this day but it is extremely weak, as one of its narrators, Ibn Abi Sabirah is extremely weak, has been accused of fabricating Ahaadith too. (Mizaan al-I'tidaal, p. 503, v. 4) NO ACTION CAN BE PROVEN SUNNAH ON THE BASIS OF SUCH A WEAK HADITH.

 

13) Fasting in the month of Sha'ban without the specification of any day is proven from Rasoolullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam. Infact, he used to fast excessively during this month.

 

14) Fasting on the ayyam-e-Beedh (13th, 14th and 15th of every lunar month) is proven from the Ahaadith.

 

15) The BLESSED NIGHT, mentioned in Surah Dukhan of the Quran, according to the Majority (Jumhoor) is the night of Qadr, and not the 15th night of Sha'baan.

 

16) The name Laylatul Bara'at was intoduced after a few centuries. Earlier Hadith books would mention Ahaadith regarding this night under the heading laylat al-Nisf min Sha'ban (Chapter on the night of the 15th of Sha'ban)

 

17) The custom of cooking a specific food for the 15th night of Sha'ban has no basis in the Qur'an or Sunnah. Nor does the lighting of lamps or having lighting outside the Masaajid as practised by some people.

 

REMEMBER......

 

1) Value this night. Turn to Allah in ibadah (in your own homes). Seek forgiveness for the sins you may have committed.

 

2) There is no specific form of Ibadah prescribed by Shari'ah for this night.

 

3) Dont engage in any form of Bid'ah

 

4) Dont restrict the visiting of the graveyard or any form of Isaale Thawaab to the 15th night.

 

5) Fast as much as you can in the month of Sha'ban. However, if one fears this may make him weak by the time Ramadhan comes then he should not keep in the second half of Sha'ban.

 

6) Dont fast specifically on the 15th of Sha'ban as this would give the impression that yoiu consider it Sunnah.

 

7) Nafl Ibadah is best performed individually at home. Avoid large gatherings.

 

8) Success lies in obeying the commands of Allah and adhering to the teachings of our Nabi, Muhammad Sallallahu alaihi wasallam

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetmuftisays(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/articles.php?column=11"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetmuftisays(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/articles.php?column=11[/url]

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Assalam Alaikum,

 

Thanks for the information. i had posted elsewhere but failed to look here for my answer oops. :sl:

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Shab e Barat is the night which contain many virtues in which the deeds of the people are presented in the exalted court of Allah so we should try our level best and make sure that when our deeds are presented in the blessed court of Allah we are in a position of worship and the best way to complete this noble cause is to observe fast.

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