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Regarding Qazaa Prayer

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I am a born Muslim living in pakistan.Now I am 18.I started praying regularly few years back.But i didnt pray regularly when Salah had Become obligatory.

Now I realize that many of my prayers have been missed.So do I have to make up for those prayers.I did consult some Scholars but got conflicting answers.On the net Islam Q A website says that you dont have to make up for the this type of missed prayers which you have missed due to laziness or neglignece for a year,2 or more.You only have to repent.Qazaa is only for few prayers missed due to Illness or something else.

 

you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetIslam-qa(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/en/ref/2199

 

then on Islam WEB it says that I have to make up for the prayers.It says I have to make up for my missed prayer by praying every day qazaas

 

you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamweb(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/ver2/fatwa/ShowFat...;Option=FatwaId

 

you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamweb(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/ver2/fatwa/ShowFat...mp;x=39&y=6

 

My first simple question is that Do I make up for 4Years(Apprx) of Missed prayer .OR just repent as Islam Q-A says and quotes Imam IBN TAMMIYYA?[using large font size is not allowed]

 

 

Then on another website I read that in making up for prayer you can have following relaxations

 

uzubillah & bismillah directly goto Surah Fatiha then any soorat only read

 

1)once the tasbeeh of ruku and sajda instead of 3 time.

 

2)In 3rd & 4th rakat instead of surah fatiha, just read thrice SubhanAllah SubhanAllah SubhanAllah then ruku.

 

3)In last rakaat after Attahiyaat read "Allahumma Salle ala muhammadin" then do salaam. Leave Durood-e-Ibrahimi and Dua.

 

4)In the 3rd rakat of Witr read Alhumd shareef followed by any surat and then read 3 times Allahummaghfirli ya Rabbighfirliii yaa Rabbana Aa'tina fiddunia hasana ............azaabannaaaar instead of Dua-e-Qunoot then read rest of prayer in the method as described earlier

 

5)More over If I do have to make up for the prayers should I calculate form 10 years of age or Puberty(12) .

 

6)And do I have to pray Qazaa for witr or not

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I guess I cant post the link so I just post statements form the two websites i.e Islam Q-a and Islam Web.I just want to know which of the tww opinions is correct

 

Islam Q-a[using large font size is not allowed]

 

He missed the prayer with no excuse; rather he ignored it until the time for it ended, out of laziness and carelessness. This person is sinning according to the consensus of the Muslims, and has committed a major sin.

 

It is not valid for him to make it up according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions, rather he has to repent and regret it, and resolve not to do that again, and he should do a lot of good deeds and offer a lot of voluntary prayers.

 

Ibn Hazm said:

 

As for the one who deliberately omits to pray until the time for the prayer ends, he can never make it up, so he should do a lot of good deeds and offer a lot of voluntary prayers, so that his balance (of good deeds) will weigh heavily on the Day of Resurrection, and he should repent and ask Allaah for forgiveness. End quote.

 

Al-Muhalla (2/235).

 

This is also the view of ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab and his son ‘Abd-Allaah, and of Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas, Salmaan, Ibn Mas’ood, al-Qaasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, Badeel al-‘Aqeeli, Muhammad ibn Sireen, Mutarrif ibn ‘Abd-Allaah and ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azeez. It was also the view of Dawood al-Zaahiri and Ibn Hazm, and was the view favoured by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and al-Shawkaani. Among contemporary scholars it was regarded as more correct by al-Albaani, Ibn Baaz, Ibn ‘Uthaymeen and others.

 

They quoted as evidence the following:

 

(i)

 

The words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“Verily, As‑Salaah (the prayer) is enjoined on the believers at fixed hoursâ€

 

[al-Nisa’ 4:103]

 

They said: There is a set time for prayer and it is not permissible to do it at any other time except with evidence.

 

(ii)

 

The words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever forgets a prayer, let him offer it as soon as he remembers, for there is no expiation for it other than that.â€

 

The words “let him offer it as soon as he remembers, for there is no expiation for it other than that†mean: If he is slow in offering the prayer after he remembers it, then it is not an expiation, so how about the one who neglects it deliberately without forgetting or sleeping? It is even more likely that it will not be an expiation in that case, and making it up will be of no benefit.

 

(iii)

 

Because Allaah has allocated a specific time for each obligatory prayer, specifying the beginning and end thereof, so it is as if it is not valid to do it before that time just as it is not valid to do it afterwards.

 

Al-Muhalla (2/235).

 

(iv)

 

Ibn Hazm said:

 

Also, making it up should be based on evidence, and it is not permissible for anything to be prescribed other than by Allaah on the lips of His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We ask those who say that the one who deliberately omits the prayer is obliged to make it up to tell us about this prayer that you are telling him to do – is it the prayer that was enjoined by Allaah or some other prayer? If they say it is the one that was enjoined by Allaah, then we say to them: Then the one who deliberately omits it is not a sinner, because he has done what Allaah commanded him to do and there is no sin according to what you say, and there is no blame on the one who deliberately omits to pray until the time for it ends. But that is something that no Muslim can say. If they say that it is not the prayer that Allaah has enjoined him to do, then we say: You are right, and that is enough, because they have admitted that they told him to do something that was not enjoined by Allaah. End quote.

 

Al-Muhalla (2/236).

 

Those who say that he has to make it up did so by analogy with the one who forgets or falls asleep, and they said that if the one who forgets has to make it up, then it is more likely that the one who deliberately omitted it should do so.

 

My response is that there is no comparison between the two scenarios, because the one who omits it deliberately is sinning, which is not true in the case of the one who forgets, so how can an analogy be drawn between the one who is sinning and the one who is not sinning?

 

Al-Shawkaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

 

Ibn Taymiyah said: Those who disagree – i.e., those who say that he should make up the prayer – do not have any proof to support their argument. Most of them say that he does not have to make it up unless there is a clear command (based on evidence), but there is no such command in this case. We do not disagree that it is obligatory to make it up; rather we disagree as to whether the made-up prayer will be accepted from him and whether prayer offered at the wrong time is valid. He discussed this matter at length and he favoured the view that was mentioned by Dawood and those who agreed with him, and the matter is as he put it, because I made a thorough study of this matter and I did not see any reliable evidence that obliges the one who misses a prayer deliberately to make it up.

 

Nayl al-Awtaar (2/26).

 

The more correct view – and Allaah knows best – is that the one who deliberately omits the prayer should not make it up, rather he has to seek forgiveness and repent.

 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) discussed this issue at length and examined the evidence of both sides in his useful book al-Salaah (p. 67-109).

 

Note: Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:

 

The scholars who say that he should make up the prayer do not say that by making it up he is absolved of sin, rather they say that by making it up his burden of sin is reduced, but the sin of missing and delaying the prayer beyond its prescribed time is like any other sin, it needs either repentance or good deeds that will erase it or other things that will waive the punishment. End quote.

 

 

Islam WEB[using large font size is not allowed]

 

 

However, the majority of Muslim scholars are of the opinion that one should make up all the missed prayers and should make sincere repentance because neglecting prayers is not permitted. Therefore, he has to make sincere repentance for this major sin.

 

Al-Hattaab may Allaah have mercy upon him from the Maaliki school of jurisprudence, said: "…If a person makes up two days (missed obligatory prayers) each day, he is not considered neglectful…as regards making up one prayer with each obligatory prayer, then -as the common people say- this does not mean anything. However, if a person could not do better, then he should not abandon this, because little is better than nothing

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Dear Mosabja,

 

I would certainly advise you to follow the Islam Web recommendation. This is what all scholars I have met agree on. It is hard, but you need to just pray one extra with each fard prayer you do. We will come on judgement day and our fard prayers counted and if it's not complete, the prophet PBUH said they will begin taking from the extras we have prayed. If the balance is fullfiled, we get accounted for our other deeds and get rewarded for them and hopefully forgiven for our small transgressions unless we have things like debt or kabaer that we have to atone for. If the balance is not not fullfilled because the extras and making up was not enough then as the prophet said our good deeds are "faseda" or spoiled. God forbid we stand in front of god with spoiled deeds and hope that none of us face this.

 

As for the second part in your letter where you asked about a shorter form of prayer, what you wrote seems to be pure fabrication that you need to stay away from as I have never seen anything like this in the books I studied or ever hear it from our sheikhs and scholars. Do a proper prayer, but you may choose shorter verses after fatiha and you can skip dua and dua-e-qunoot as they are optional to strt with (Ibrahimeya is NOT optional). As for witr prayer is a sunna and cannot be made Qazaa, you make qazaa on the five fard prayers.

 

God knows best

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Repentance for neglecting prayer

I am 38 years old man. till the age of 25 I did'nt prayed. please advice me what I have to do for this?

 

Praise be to Allaah.

 

Remember how Allaah has blessed you by bringing you back to Islam after you have been neglecting salaah, and keep on doing the prayers at the right times. Do more naafil (supererogatory or extra) prayers to make up for the fard (obligatory) prayers that you have missed, as was advised in the saheeh hadeeth narrated by Hurayth ibn Qubaysah, who said: “I came to Madeenah and prayed, ‘O Allaah, send me a righteous companion.’ I went and sat with Abu Hurayrah and said: ‘I asked Allaah to bless me with a righteous companion; tell me a hadeeth that you heard from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), so that I may benefit therefrom.’ He said: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say that the first thing for which a person will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayer. If it is sound, he will be successful, and if it is lacking in any way, he will be doomed. If his obligatory prayers are lacking, the Lord will say: “Look and see whether My slave has any voluntary prayers which may be used to make up what is lacking in his obligatory prayers.†Then all his deeds will be examined and dealt with in the same way.’†(Reported by al-Tirmidhi, no. 413; see also Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2020). Abu Dawood reported from Anas ibn Hakeem al-Dabbi that he came to Madeenah and met Abu Hurayrah. He said: “He asked me about my lineage so I told him about it, then he said: ‘O young man, shall I not tell you a hadeeth?’ I said, ‘Of course, may Allaah have mercy on you,’ and I think he mentioned it from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He said: ‘The first thing that people will be asked about on the Day of Resurrection will be their prayers. Our Lord will say to His angels (although He knows best): “Look at My slave’s prayers: are they complete or is something lacking?†If they are complete, they will be recorded as such, but if something is lacking, He will say: “Look and see if My slave has any voluntary prayers to his credit.†If this proves to be the case, He will say: “Make up his (missing) obligatory prayers with his voluntary prayers.†Then the rest of his deeds will be dealt with in the same manner.’†(Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2571)

 

Islam Q&A

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

 

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According to the four schools of fiqh you need to make up all the prayers you missed.

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Useful link: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_qa.sunnipath(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/issue_view.asp?id=4746"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_qa.sunnipath(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/issue_view.asp?id=4746[/url]

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