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Man’s Vicegerency on Earth:




Peace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad. We praise Allah, thank Him and seek His help, guidance and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil in our souls and the sinfulness of our deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides, he is rightly-guided and whosoever He sends astray, none can guide him.




The purpose of the lecture:




We are continuing with the stories of the Prophets. The last lesson was an introduction to the series - why do we study the stories of the Prophets? What is the purpose of studying them? What is the difference between a prophet and a messenger? How many prophets were there? Etc.




Do you know where we’ll start today? Many of you think that we will start with the story of Adam (PBUH). I too thought the same - that when we start telling the stories of the prophets that Adam’s will be the first, but I have found out that the story of creation is very moving.




Let’s go back to the time before Adam, to the very beginning, before the Prophets, before the angels, before the heavens and the earth. Imagine the beginning. Let’s start the story from the beginning.




Glory be to Allah. What was there before Adam? What was there before the creation of Heaven? Before the angels and the prophets? Or even before the creation of the heavens, the earth, the clouds, the mountains, the sea and the air? There was only Allah and this is what we are going to look at today; I want you all to leave this lecture with your hearts filled with this phrase, “there was only Allah”; Today’s lesson aims to implant it deep in your heart. Try to think about Allah’s supreme power; then think about how poor and helpless you are.




This is the aim of today’s lesson; what was there before the creation of everything? At that time, there was only Allah. There is no God but Allah. Glory be to Him. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “He it is who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then rose over the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it and what descends from the heaven and what ascends thereto. And he is with you (by His Knowledge) wherever you may be”. (TMQ, 57:4)[1]. Glory be to Him. After this lesson, I want your heart to be filled with the glory of Allah (SWT).




The Beginning of the Creation:




Look all around you. Look at the technology, the people, the creatures, etc. All of this was actually nothing. Nothing was there but Allah (SWT).




Imam Ahmad related a Hadith that one of the companions once asked the Prophet (PBUH) where Allah was before He created the heavens and the earth. The Prophet (PBUH) said “In amaa’ (vacancy and emptiness)”. Nothing was there with Him. Brothers and sisters, we are newly introduced to that universe. We are not the origin and we own nothing here.




The word (amaa’) refers to that state which is unimaginable and unperceivable to the mind because it is nothing.




Is that notion now well established in your minds or do you need to listen to more Ahadith? Then listen to this one, Imran Ibn Hussein (RA) narrates that a delegation from Yemen came to the Prophet (PBUH) and said, “O Messenger of Allah, we have come to learn about this religion and to ask you about the beginning of the creation.” “Only Allah was there. Nothing was before Him and nothing was with Him”, said the Prophet (PBUH). This Hadith is related by Al-Bukhari.




Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him…” (TMQ, 39:67).




Believe me, we were all nothing. Allah says what can be translated as, “Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was not a thing worth mentioning?” (TMQ, 76:1).




O, people! You were once nothing. How can you become proud before Allah (SWT)! Why don’t you bow and prostrate before Him? While I was supplicating to Allah after my prayers, a young man came to me and said, “Please urge the young people to pray.” “They made not a just estimate of Allah as is due to Him…” (TMQ, 39:67).




The Holy verse says what can be translated as, “…And on the Day of Resurrection, the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. Glorified is He, and High is He above all that they associate as partners with Him” (TMQ, 39:67). Another verse says what can be translated as, “And (remember) the day when We shall roll up the heaven like a scroll rolled up for books. As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (It is) a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it.” (TMQ, 21:104). See how simple it is for Allah. It’s as simple as holding a book in your hand and closing it with two or three of your fingers. The Prophet (PBUH) wants one fact to be implanted deep in your heart: that Allah (SWT) is the owner of everything.




Abdullah Ibn Omar says, “One day I saw the Prophet (PBUH) on the pulpit, calling out in a loud voice, “They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him’.” (TMQ, 39:67). The Prophet (PBUH) wants this verse to be implanted deep in your hearts.




We don’t make a just estimate of Allah and His Glory such as is due to Him. The Prophet (PBUH) stood on the pulpit saying what can be translated as, “ They made not a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him. And on the Day of Resurrection, the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand. Glorified is He and High is He above all that they associate as partners with Him”. (TMQ, 39:67).




Abdullah Ibn-Omar says, “Then he raised his voice and kept indicating with his hand saying that Allah (SWT) will go on glorifying Himself saying ‘I am the Compeller. I am the öAll-Powerful. I am the All-Mighty. I am the Planner. I am the First. I am the Last.’ The prophet went on repeating the ninety nine names of Allah, till I saw the pulpit shake while the Prophet was standing on it.” The wooden pulpit shook with the glory of Allah (SWT). Wood moved but our hearts are motionless. Wood is inanimate but it feels the glory of Allah (SWT). Allah says what can be translated as, “There is not a thing but celebrates His praise; and yet ye understand not how they declare His glory! Verily, He is Oft-Forbearing, Most Forgiving!” and “whatsoever is in heaven and whatsoever is on earth glorifies Allah”. (TMQ, 17:44).




Who are you to disobey Him and say I won’t do it? Who are you to say I won’t pray? Who are you, o young women, to say I won’t wear the hijab? Who are you to disobey your parents everyday when He has said, “be dutiful to your parents”?




Brothers and sisters, do you really make a just estimate of Allah and His glory or not? Do you know now how the beginning was? Do your inner selves now feel Allah’s glory or is your heart still lifeless?




At the beginning, if nothing was there with Allah, then, how do you think the end will be? Aren’t we the humans who inhabit this universe and feel it is ours?




The End of the creation:




“And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away” (TMQ, 39:68). Now that I have told you about the beginning, I have to tell you about the end so that you know for a certainty about your weaknesses and that you need your Lord.




Creation began with Allah (SWT) blowing life into Adam and it will end with a blow. How worthless is life that it begins with one blow and ends with another!




See what the end will be like in the verse that can be translated as, “And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away” (TMQ, 39:68). Everything will vanish in just one blow: animals, birds, fish, humans, angels, jinn, etc. Everything will vanish except those whom Allah wants to remain. Who do you think they will be?




When Allah calls, “O, angel of death! Who is still alive?” Consider the phrase “who is still alive”, because everyone is dead. He will say, “O Allah, only Israfiel, Mikael (Michael), Jibril (Gabriel) and myself, the angel of death.”




Where will you be at that time? You will be nothing. “O, angel of death! Make Israfiel die.” He will make Israfiel die and then Allah will ask again, “O, angel of death! Who remains?” “Jibril and Mikael,” answers the angel of death. “Make Mikael die, angel of death.” Then Mikael dies. Do you remember now your sins? Do you remember how lost you were in this life? Where are you now? Do you see how careless you’ve been in disregarding Allah’s orders for so many years? How many times have you slept and not prayed the dawn prayer? “Make Jibril die, angel of death.” Then Jibril dies. “Who remains, o angel of death?” The angel answers, “Only myself, your poor slave, o Allah.” “Make yourself die, angel of death.”




When everyone is dead, Allah will start calling: “To whom is the Kingdom this Day?...” (TMQ, 40:16). Allah, whom we removed from our thoughts and selves, Allah, who owns our lives and yet we have become slaves to our desires. Allah calls, “To whom is the Kingdom this Day?...” Exalted is He. Think about your beginning and your end. Isn’t it time to submit to Him? To fall prostrate before Him and to say I’m your helpless slave, I have no Lord other than You?




No one answers, because no one is there. Then Allah (SWT) calls, “…It is Allah’s, the One, the Dominant!” (TMQ, 40:16). “Where are the kings? Where are the tyrants? Where are the oppressors?” “For whom is the Kingdom this Day?”




The Prophet (PBUH) says, “Allah (SWT) says ‘It is Allah’s, the One, the Dominant for forty.” Forty days? Forty months? Forty years? No one knows. The timing is over. No one can further distinguish a day from a month or a year.




Have you seen what the beginning and the end are like? Do you understand now the meaning of Allah’s divine attributes: the First and the Last? Today we will talk about the First. Adam is not yet been created.




Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Allah, and He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. His is the Kingdom of the Heavens and the earth. It is He Who gives life and causes death, and He is Able to do all things. He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Most High (nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than Him). And He is All-Knower of everything.” (TMQ, 57:1-3).




The Prophet used to pray, “O, Lord! You are the God of the heavens, the earth, and the great Throne. O, Lord! You are the First (nothing is before You) and the Last (nothing is after You), the Most High (nothing is above You) and the Most Near (nothing is nearer than You).” When we know all of this, can we submit ourselves humbly before Allah? This is our God (SWT).




The Originator is one of the names of Allah (SWT) that we have to understand; Allah says what can be translated as, “It is He Who begins (the process of) creation; then repeats it and for Him it is most easy” (TMQ, 30:27). He also says, “See they not how Allah originates creation, then repeats it: truly that is easy for Allah” (TMQ, 29:19). Do you know that you were nothing and were it not for Allah you wouldn’t have been anything?




Listen to this verse. It will really shake your heart. Allah says what can be translated as, “Were they created of nothing, or were they themselves the creators?” (TMQ, 52:35). How can you be proud before Allah? How can you forget Him? “Or did they create the heavens and the earth?” (TMQ, 52:36). The question that Allah asks is derisive as if He wants to ask you, what’s wrong with you? Is it that hard to make up your mind? “Or are the Treasures of thy Lord with them, or are they the managers (of affairs)?” (TMQ, 52:37).




Who owns the earth? Who owns the whole universe? Are you the controllers or is Allah (SWT)? Then, how can you disobey Him or object to His orders? I mentioned the story of the beginning of creation to allow you to make a just estimate of Allah’s Glory in contrast to your poverty and enslavement to Him.




Brothers and sisters, many young people are deeply involved in sins; some of them cannot leave their girlfriends, some of them cannot stop smoking marijuana and others are destroying their health by smoking. Yet all of them can stop committing those sins the minute their hearts are filled with the love of Allah and His glory.




I want your hearts to be filled with nothing but Allah. At that moment, you will easily leave your girlfriend the next day and if you are used to committing sins, you will immediately give them up. Just feel how needy and poor you are before Allah.




Think about the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Although a Prophet, he was humble before Allah. Learn to be humble, brothers and sisters. The best way to worship Allah is to say “O, Lord! I’m a poor, needy slave”. For sure, Allah will love you, prevent you from all sins, dignify you and raise you above all. Tell Him “O, Lord! I’m poor and weak, and you’re my only God.”




Consider the Prophet’s supplication “O, Allah! I’m Your servant, the son of Your servant, the son of Your maidservant. My forelock is in Your Hand, Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just.”




Have you ever shown reverence to Allah in this way? Have you ever prostrated yourself and felt your poverty before His Majesty? Brothers and sisters, this is what we were created for. We were created to experience those feeling; we were not created just to eat, drink, marry, have children and then die.




Abdul-Qadir Gilani said, “I tried to enter to Allah from many doors. Yet, whenever I knocked on one, I found people blocking the way.” He tried to enter from the door of prayers, but he found thousands of people there. He tried to enter from the door of fasting, but also thousands were there. He says, “Yet, when I knocked on the door of submission, I found no one there. So, I entered and called upon you.”




Now, after realizing that Allah was the only One there before the creation, has the awareness of Allah’s might grown in your heart?




The first three creatures




What do you think was created first? Don’t say that it is Adam. Adam was created last. So what was created first? I would like to clarify that I only use sahih (authentic) Ahadith, especially concerning these points that we are discussing.




The Prophet (PBUH) says, “The first thing created by Allah was the pen, then, He ordered it to write, so it wrote everything that will happen till the Day of Judgment.” (narrated by At-Tirmidhi, Abu-Dawud, and Ahmad). This Hadith is narrated in another way by Al-Bukhari. His narration will make it clearer for you. He says that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) says, “Allah (SWT) said to the pen write my knowledge about my creatures until the Day of Judgment.” (Sahih al-Albany, 1749).




I know that the popular question of whether we have free will or are driven by destiny comes to mind when these Ahadith are mentioned and the issue of, as everything is predestined by Allah, why do we act and do what we do, etc. Firstly, I want to quickly touch on the issue of free will and I would like to make the following points:




* The First point: Have you ever noticed who the people who always ask this question are? Are they the sinners or the obedient ones? Have you ever heard this question from a person who is obedient to Allah, performs his prayers and fasts for Him? No. You normally hear it from those who don’t pray and don’t want to obey Allah.




* The Second point: This shows the importance of the second Hadith. The phrase “write my knowledge” means that Allah knows everything. Thus there is no need to ask why does Allah punish or reward us? Allah knows everything but this does not mean that He forces you to do anything. You are completely free but he knows what has happened, what will happen, what didn’t happen and how it would have happened if it had. Brothers and sisters, Allah is the All-Knower. If you still cannot understand this, then you have a problem.




Consider this example. It will make it easier for you to understand. A father gives each of his three children 10 pounds and said, “You are free to do whatever you like with this money.” Then, when they all leave, he takes out a notebook and writes in it that the first will spend his money for the sake of Allah, the second is stingy and will not spend it and the third will use it to commit sins. After a while, they come back and each one has exactly done what his father has written in the notebook. Did he force them to do anything? Or does he just know them very well? He is their father and he knows well their characters and natures. Of course, Allah is above any such comparison.




Brothers and sisters, free or not is not the issue, nor is it important to ask why does Allah reward and punish us when everything we do is predestined. What’s really important is to know that it is not predestination, rather, it is pre-knowledge.




If you are not yet convinced and doubt still exists in your mind, then let me ask you a very simple question. Is Allah Just or Unjust? Has He ever been Unjust? Since you are certain that He has never been, why does this confusion exist?




Hence, if anyone asked you these questions, “do we have free will or not? If everything is predestined, why does Allah punish and reward us?” then simply ask the asker, “Do you believe in the ninety nine names of Allah?” Among them are the Compassionate and the Just. Now, do you still believe that Allah might be Unjust with you? I think not. Then, you don’t have any problem now and this is the meaning of “Allah ordered the pen to write”.




Let’s move from this scholarly issue to another which is useful for us, namely, Allah’s knowledge mentioned in the Hadith where it says, “so it (i.e. the pen) wrote everything that will happen till the Day of Judgment”. Keep in mind that Allah sees you when you are committing any sin. He is the All-Knower of that which is in our hearts. How can you then look at what He ordered you to lower your eyes from? Don’t forget that Allah sees you beforehand. How dare you commit a sin when you know that He sees you? How can you do it and try to hide from your parents or do it when they are asleep then thank Allah that no one saw you?




Allah is watching. Doesn’t your heart miss a beat when your parents open your bedroom door and find you committing a sin? Yet, although you know that Allah sees you, your heart rests assured.




Isn’t Allah’s knowledge enough to let you submit to Him and feel ashamed of yourself? Listen to this verse that says what can be translated as, “Have you not seen that Allah knows whatsoever is in the Heavens and whatsoever is on the earth? There is no Najwa (secret counsel) of three but He is their fourth (with His Knowledge, while He himself is over the Throne, over the seventh heaven) nor of five but He is their sixth (with His Knowledge), nor of less than that or more but He is with them (with His Knowledge) wherever they may be. And afterwards on the Day of Resurrection He will inform them of what they did. Verily, Allah is All-Knower of everything” (TMQ, 58:7). By mentioning this point, I wanted to remind you that you “mustn’t forget that Allah (SWT) knows everything”. Now, let’s move on to another point.




We agreed that everything has been written, so why are you worried about your livelihood? Why do you keep thinking about your future so much so that you can’t sleep for worrying about it? Aren’t you doing your best? Brothers and sisters, everything has been written in the Preserved Tablet. Why become worried about your daughters getting married? Why do you get high blood pressure because your daughter has grown up and is not yet married?




Brothers and sisters, as long as you do your best and perform your role in life to the best of your ability, don’t worry so much about what will happen.




Listen to the Prophet (PBUH) when he was teaching Abdullah Ibn Abbas, a 13-year old boy at that time. He was teaching him a belief that we should implant deep in our selves. He says, “You have to know that if the whole world gathered to benefit you, they won’t be able to benefit you except by what Allah has destined for you and if they gathered to harm you, they won’t be able to harm you except by what Allah has destined for you.” (Sahih al-Albany, 2043). Look at the prophetic comment at the end, “the pen has been lifted and the ink has dried.” This means that nothing can be further written in the Preserved Tablet and that nothing can be erased from it as the dye is cast.




Keep your trust in Allah and never worry. If Allah’s favors on you decrease, don’t give up hope and say, “I won’t do anymore. I’m fed up with my country. I can’t lead a comfortable life.” Leave it to Allah. Open your heart and calm down. Work all day and leave your livelihood to Allah.




If your daughter hasn’t yet married, don’t worry. Leave it to Allah. Her husband’s name is written in the Preserved Tablet and no one marries another’s wife.




So, the first of creation was the pen. The Preserved Tablet comes second.




The first two creatures are the pen and the Preserved Tablet. Yet, actually, there was another thing created before those two, although I didn’t mention it. It is something very great. We will see it in paradise, insh’Allah. It’s the Throne of Allah (SWT).




Remember the Hadith that I mentioned before. When a delegation came to the Prophet (PBUH) from Yemen and said, “O, Messenger of Allah! What was at the beginning of the creation? The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Only Allah was there. Nothing was before Him and nothing was with Him and His Throne was on water.” Hence, the Throne was the first thing created. Are any of you longing to see the Throne? The Prophet (PBUH) says, “If you asked Allah to grant you paradise, ask Him to grant you Al-Ferdaws Al-Aala (The Highest Level in Paradise).” Don’t say “O, Lord! Grant me paradise” rather say “O, Lord! Grant me Al-Ferdaws Al-Aala.” Why? The Prophet’s following words answer: “It (Al-Ferdaws Al-Aala) is in the middle of paradise and at the top of it and from it flows many rivers and its ceiling is the Throne of Allah”. This means that while in Al-Ferdaws Al-Aala, if you looked upwards, you will see the Throne of Allah. It’s the first thing created. Is anyone longing to see it? Or you just want to live, eat, drink and spend your time aimlessly and when our time comes to die, we can start thinking about it?




Where are the ambitious ones? Where are those who long to go to Al-Ferdaws Al-Aala? Where are those who say, “I want to enter Al-Ferdaws Al-Aala and I will direct all my efforts to this and Allah will help me.”




In one of the Hadith narrated by Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-As, the Prophet (PBUH) says, “Allah destined the fate of all creation before He created the earth by fifty thousands years and His Throne was on the water.” (Sahih Muslim, 2653). Here, there’s an important point that I would like to touch on so that we can consider it. The prophet (PBUH) says, “Satan comes to the person and asks him who created the heavens? The person answers ‘Allah’. He asks again who created the earth? ‘Allah’ the person answers. Again he asks who created you? The person says ‘Allah’. ‘ Then, who created Allah’ Satan asks. So, if any of you suffered from this, say ‘I believe in Allah and His Messenger’ and all those thoughts will go away.” (Sahih Muslim, 134).




The Prophet (PBUH) says, “Think about Allah’s creation, and don’t think about Allah Himself.” (Narrated by Al-Dhahaby, 111). You won’t be able to make a just estimate such as is due to Him.” Don’t ever think about Allah Himself. Think about His creation, but when your mind reaches Allah, stop and order your mind to stop. It can’t make a just estimate worthy of Allah. Tell yourself always “There is nothing like Him.




The Prophet says, “People ask you about everything. If they asked you, ‘this is Allah’s creation, then who created Allah? Tell them that Allah is before everything, the Creator of everything, and He will remain after everything vanishes.” (Sahih Bukhari, 7296).




I will tell you a very nice story. It is known that the Prophet (PBUH) held Ibn Abbas close and prayed for him saying, “O, Allah! Teach him more about religion.” From that day on, the great Ibn Abbas that you all know appeared. Later on, a man came to him and said, “O, Ibn Abbas. There is something deep inside myself that disturbs me. “What is it”, asked Ibn Abbas. “I swore by Allah that I would not mention it.” “Does it concern doubt?” “Yes” replied the man. At his answer, Ibn Abbas laughed and said, “No Muslim has been saved from this when he first starts to become close to Allah and think of Him. If you suffer from this again, say ‘He is the First, the Last, the Most high and the Most Near’, and say ‘there is no God but Allah’ and ‘there is nothing like Him’.” These words are very important. Everyday, young men who have recently started practicing come to me and complain that they have thoughts in my mind that they had never thought of before when they were not practicing.




I hesitated a lot before discussing this point for fear I might confuse any of you with those thoughts. Yet, I found that many young people need to know about this when they start practicing Islam. When he was corrupt, Satan didn’t need to whisper evil thoughts to him but now that the person has started to repent and come closer to Allah (SWT), Satan is unable to tempt him to commit sins. So he starts to make worshipping Allah hateful to him and starts to provoke evil thoughts in his mind. The person comes to his wit’s end and wonders “am I that bad?”




It’s very easy to overcome these thoughts, insh’Allah:




* Firstly, you have to know that you are not bad. You are okay. It’s only Satan. On the contrary, this proves that you are not bad and that Satan does all this. A proof for this is that Ibn Abbas laughed and told him that those thoughts always come when one first starts practicing Islam. If any of the young people who have recently started to practice Islam was saved from this, he must thank Allah.

* Secondly, the minute you have these thoughts, say as our Prophet (PBUH) and Ibn Abbas taught us, “I believe in Allah and His Messenger”, “there is no God but Allah”, “He is the First, the Last, the Most High and the Most Near” and “I take refuge with Allah from the accursed devil.”

* Thirdly, whenever you have these evil thoughts, give a little money in charity. Count how many times a day Satan whispers those bad ideas in your mind and give some charity for each time. After some time, Satan will discover that whenever he does this, your merits increase. By the way, this method has been successful with many people. But, you have to be careful. At the beginning, he will go on doing it for a whole month. You will have to give money in charity for a whole month… excuse me! Don’t be stingy! Go on and Satan will get bored after some time and will start to search for another way to get to you. You have to keep on asking Allah to save you from these thoughts because Satan will never give up. He will go on searching for another way. Brothers and sisters, we will keep on struggling against Satan till we draw our last breath.




The Creation of the Heavens and the Earth:




In how many days were the heavens and the earth created? In six days. Allah (SWT) says, “He it is who created the heavens and the earth in six Days and then rose over the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty).” (TMQ, 10:3). So it’s six days. However, after mentioning the whole period, Allah gave us the particular time in which each had been created. In Surat Fussilat, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Say (O Muhammad): Do you verily disbelieve in Him who created the earth in two Days? And you set up rivals (in worship) with Him? That is the Lord of Alamin (mankind, jinn, and all that exists). He placed therein (i.e. the earth) firm mountains from above it, and He blessed it, and measured therein its sustenance (for its dwellers) in four days equal (i.e. all these four days were equal in the length of time) for all those who ask (about its creation). then he rose over (Istawa) to the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth: “Come both of you willingly or unwillingly.” They both said: “We come willingly.” Then He completed and finished their creation as seven heavens in two Days and He made in each heaven its affair.” (TMQ, 41:9-12).




Are they four or two days? They are four days; two for the creation of the Earth and two for blessing it and the final two to provide it with its sustenance. So, what about the six days? Consider this example. If I went from Cairo to Alexandria in two hours and from Cairo to Marsa Matruh, via Alexandria, in four hours, how long does it take to go from Cairo to Marsa Matruh? Four hours, of course. So, consider the creation this way and that the whole process of creation took 4 days.




The heavens were created in two days and the whole creation process took six days. At this point, we must raise a very important question: couldn’t Allah have just said to the earth “be”, and “it is”? So, why did the creation process take 6 days and why are those 6 days divided into stages? Praise and Glory be to Allah. Allah wanted to teach us that every thing in the world undergoes several stages and that everything changes in stages.




Hence, when you have a certain problem and you want to solve it on the spot, remind yourself that Allah has created Heavens and the Earth in 6 days. I hope this has become fixed in everyone’s minds. Also, when you want to guide someone to the right path, don’t exert pressure on him or her. Please don’t. Have patience. The whole universe was created in six days and any change is achieved gradually. I hope that this point is understood.




As concerns the creation of the Heavens and the Earth, other faiths have some strange ideas such as claiming that Allah (SWT) created the heavens and the earth in six days and when He finished He felt tired and wanted to take a rest. So, he rested the seventh day, which is Saturday (the Sabbath). This idea is actually mentioned in many distorted Holy Books. Do you know that Allah has refuted this in the Holy Qur’an when He (SWT) says what can be translated as, “We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in Six Days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us. Bear, then, with patience, all that they say” (TMQ, 50:38). Notice also that in this verse Allah links the six days of the creation to patience in order to teach patience to the whole of humanity. Problems are solved through patience. Calamities are overcome by patience. Guiding someone to the right way necessitates being patient. Even change needs patience. That’s why the heavens and the earth were created in six days.




The creation of other great things:




The Womb (the ties of kinship):




At the beginning of the creation, Allah created many great things. Actually, they are not things, rather they are concepts. He created some concepts and morals before creating Adam and the whole humanity to alert our attention to their greatness. Actually, I looked hard for Ahadith mentioning what Allah (SWT) created before us and I found some very nice Ahadith.




The Prophet (PBUH) says, “After Allah created it, the womb said to Allah “I seek refuge in You from being severed.” So, Allah (SWT) said, “do you accept that I join whoever joins you and sever whoever severs you?” “Yes” answered the womb. Allah (SWT) said to the womb what means that it will have what it wants.” (Sahih Muslim, 2554). Brothers and sisters, when you go home today call all those relatives that you been distant from.




What is strange is that the womb called upon Allah at the beginning of the creation and will call again at the end of it.




After hearing these words, think of why you sever the ties of kinship? Because of money or disputes? Go straight home and renew your ties with your family.




The door to repentance:




There are many other Hadiths through which you can see how Allah has established the bases of compassion and justice.




At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Maja narrated a Hadith, “The Prophet (PBUH) told us that there is a door in the West whose width extends for more than seventy years. You walk for seventy years through its width but you can never cover it. This door was created by Allah the day the heavens and earth were created and it remained opened ever since then”. The Prophet went on saying, “Do you know what door is that?” They replied, “No we do not, O Prophet of Allah”. The Prophet said, “It’s the door of repentance; it will remain open from the day of creation till the sun rises from the west”.




As long as this door is open, why don’t you repent now? Don’t forget that repentance has three conditions:


1. You must regret committing the sin. Your heart should shake and your eyes should shed tears of regret.

2. You must stop committing that sin at once.

3. You must decide not to commit that sin again, be it a relationship with a girl, abandoning prayers, upsetting your mother, severing the ties of kinship, etc.




When you do all of the things mentioned above, the door of repentance will open. Enter. Now Allah will forgive you for all that you have done.




An this moment, one of our brothers and sisters present here may repent to Allah and give up a certain sin that he or she has been committing without any of us feeling this. He or she may give up delaying the fajr prayer or not praying in the Masjid. Say, “O, Allah! I regret my action and I will commit this sin no longer. I promise never to return to it. It’s enough to have spent 13 years away from you. I intend to let You be the first priority in my life.” The minute you enter from that door, all the sins that you have committed before are erased. It is wide enough for you to pass through. Its width is as long as a 70 year walk.




Brothers and sisters, the door is still open. Hurry up and enter from it before the sun rises from the West. From that moment on, it will be closed forever.




The Book:




In a Hadith narrated by Al-Tirmidhi, the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Two thousand years before creating the heavens and the earth, Allah recorded a Book. In it, he included two verses which, when recited in a house, Satan will not approach it for three nights.” (Sahih al-Albany, 1799). Those who are afraid of anyone should recite these two verses and Satan will never approach your homes. Listen to these verses and bear in mind that they were created before the heavens and the earth by 2000 years. They are the last two verses in Surat Al-Baqara (The Cow). The verses can be translated as, “The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from His Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His angels, His Books, and His Messengers. (They say), ‘we make no distinction between one another of His Messengers’- and they say, ‘we hear and we obey. (We seek) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all). Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. ‘Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector and give us victory over the disbelieving people” (TMQ, 2:285-286). Did you hear?




They said, “we hear and we obey” 2000 years before the creation. Say with me: “we hear and we obey” and make a promise to Allah to abide by it. “We hear and we obey” and don’t browse obscene websites on the internet again. “We hear and we obey” and don’t look at what Allah has ordered you to lower your gaze from. “we hear and we obey”, I will not backbite about my friends over the phone again. “We hear and we obey” and I will give up telling lies. “We hear and we obey” and from now on I will perform all my prayers when the prayer time begins.








In a Hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari, the Prophet (PBUH) says, “When Allah created the heavens and the earth, He declared Makkah as sacred. Thus, it will remain sacred till the Day of Judgment”. Are any of you longing to visit Makkah, the land that Allah declared sacred when He created the heavens and the earth?








Muslim narrated a Hadith that says, “When Allah created the heavens and the earth, He created 100 mercies. Each mercy is as big as the distance between the heavens and the earth. To the earth, He sent only one mercy. By this one, all the creatures show mercy and compassion towards each other. In the Day of Judgment, Allah will add this compassion to the 99 compassions, then spread them among his creatures so that no one perishes except the perished ones.” Brothers and sisters, see how merciful Allah is! Among His first creation are kinship, repentance, a hundred mercies, and “Pardon us and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector and give us victory over the disbelievers”. Bear in mind that Allah has established this universe upon the basis of compassion and justice. It’s us who don’t want and don’t need them. On the Day of Judgment, as mentioned in the Hadith, no one perishes except for the worst of sinners.




My Compassion preceded My Anger:




The prophet (PBUH) says, “When Allah created the creatures, He recorded a book. That book is there above the Throne. In it is written ‘MY compassion precedes My anger’ “and in another narration “My compassion prevails over My anger.” (Sahih Bukhary, 7553). This is an everlasting message written in the best and greatest place above the Throne.




The Creation of the angels and the jinn:




Now, after talking about some of the creatures, there remain two things I would like to terminate my lesson today with: the creation of the angels and the creation of the jinn. I will start with the angels. Talking about them is very enjoyable, comfortable and is a pleasure to anyone’s heart. Let me tell you about the angels.




When the Prophet (PBUH) was asked “what is faith?” He said that faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, etc.” and I feel that our relation to the angels is not that strong and that we don’t believe in them wholeheartedly. That’s why I want to help you love them. Listen to what I will say.




From what were the angels created? The Prophet (PBUH) says, “the angels were created from light, the jinn from a smokeless flame of fire and man from what was described to you.” This Hadith is narrated by Muslim. However, how were they created from light? We don’t know.




When were the angels created? We also don’t know but we are certain that they were created before man because the Holy verse says what can be translated as, “And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: Behold ‘I will create a vicegerent on earth’” (TMQ, 2:30). Thus, the angels were there before man was created.




What do the angels look like? Can we describe them? Yes, we can describe them as Allah (SWT) has described them. They are very great creatures. The Prophet (PBUH) says, “I saw Gabriel in his actual form having 600 wings, each obscuring the horizon and whenever I looked at the sky, in any direction, I saw a wing filling it.” (Sahih Muslim, 177). Think about the angels, then think about your shape. Notice how proud you are. See how you say to Allah “convince me”. Brothers and sisters, I’m not here today to teach you science; I’m here today to bring us, you and me, closer to Allah. With every word I say, I think about how to navigate this heart towards Allah. I didn’t come to pass information on to you and for you to then leave without having even come one step closer towards Allah, so that you’ve benefited nothing and I’ve been of no use to you. I want your hearts, by the end of this lesson, to be strongly attached to Allah (SWT). How can you say to Allah, “convince me first; convince me to wear the hijab and then if convinced, I’ll wear it”?




In a Hadith narrated by Abu-Dawud, the Prophet (PBUH) says, “I’ve been allowed to tell you about one of the angels who is responsible for carrying the Throne. Between his earlobe and his shoulders is a distance of 700 years on foot. Remember always the verse that says what can be translated as, “Are you more complex to create or is the heaven that He constructed?” (TMQ, 79:27-28).




Angels have wings; Allah (SWT) described them as having two, three, four or more. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “All praise and thanks are Allah’s, the (Only) Originator (or the Only Creator) of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels messengers with wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things.” (TMQ, 35:1).




Are there some angels better than others? Yes and I want to remind you for the second time that we want to love the angels and that I’m not here just to provide you with lots of information. In a Hadith narrated by Bukhari, it says, “Jibril came to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and said ‘how do you regard those who witnessed the battle of Badr?’ the Prophet (PBUH) said ‘they are the elite among us.’ ‘We too regard the angels who witnessed Badr the same way’ said Jibril”. See how valuable we are to Allah. He considered the angels who witnessed Badr as the best of all the angels. This is very nice.




The angels do not eat or drink. In Ibrahim’s story, Allah says what can be translated as, “But when he saw their hands went not towards it (the meal)…” (TMQ, 11:70), till the end of the verses. Also, Allah says “And placed it before them He said, “will ye not eat?” (TMQ, 51:27).




How many angels are there? They are very great in number. The total number of human beings is nothing compared to theirs. The Prophet’s Hadith, which says, “Every day, 70000 angels enter Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur and go on circumambulating it, then leave and never return to it till the Day of Judgment” (Sahih Bukhari, 3887), demonstrates this. By the way, Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur lies above the Holy K’aba in the seventh heaven. Can you imagine how great the number is? Multiply 70000 by 365, and then multiply the results by millions of years.




Another Hadith: “On the Day of Judgment, Hellfire will be pulled by 70000 straps each held by 70000 angels.” (Sahih Muslim, 2842).




What is the worship of the angels? It’s the same as our worship. They do tasbeeh (glorify Allah). Allah says what can be translated as, “They celebrate His praises night and day, and do not ever flag or intermit.” (TMQ, 21:20), and “And we are verily ranged in ranks (for service); And we are verily those who declare (Allah’s) glory” (TMQ, 37:165-166) . Do you remember the last time that you glorified Allah? How many days have you spent without glorifying Him? How can a whole day pass without you glorifying Him in it? Glorify Allah everyday. You are wronging yourself if you do not do so. The angels never get bored or tired of glorifying Him.




What else do they do? They fear Allah (SWT). Their fear of Him is a hundred times greater as yours. Allah (SWT) says about them what can be translated as, “And they stand in awe and reverence of His (glory)” (TMQ, 21:28). Many young men and women are not present today and I wanted them to hear these words. As for those who are present today, when was the last time you felt the fear of Allah? Since last Ramadan, you haven’t felt afraid and you haven’t cried. Where is your submissive prostration? Where is the two rakat (prayer unit) prayer that, while performing it, you deeply hope will never end? When was the last time you cried while raising up your hands and asking Allah saying, “O, Lord! Forgive me. I repent to You.” The angels are in reverence day and night, so why are we so hardhearted? Allah says what can be translated as, “Has not the time arrived for the Believers that their hearts in all humility should engage in the remembrance of Allah.” (TMQ, 76:1). The angels glorify Allah, feel reverence before Him and perform Hajj for Him.




Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “By the Tur (Mount). And by a Book inscribed. In parchment unrolled. And by Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur (the house over the heavens parallel to the K’aba at Makkah, continuously visited by the angels)” (TMQ, 52:1-4).




Al-Bait-ul-Ma’mur is the house in which the angels perform hajj and around which they circumambulate. I advise all the young people here to go and perform the hajj. I know that you will say ‘I’m still young’ but hajj is one of the best acts of worship that bring you closer to Allah and help you to stick to His path. If you still can’t perform hajj, at least perform Umrah.




Angels line up in rows before Allah. This is the same as when we stand in lines during prayers. During prayers, one day, the Prophet (PBUH) told the companions, “Will you stand in rows the same way the angels do?


- ‘How do the angels stand in rows, o Messenger of Allah?’ they asked.


- ‘They complete the first row and then the next until they reach the last.”




Can you imagine Heaven and how the angels make their rows? The Prophet (PBUH) says, “Heaven is crackling and it is justified in so doing. There is not any empty place, even for three fingers, as angels fill it either standing, bowing or prostrating and it will remain thus until the Day of Resurrection. On that Day, they will rise from their bowing and prostration and say ‘Glory be to You, o Allah! We haven’t worshipped you in the way You deserve.’ “




“O ye men! It is ye that have need of Allah: but Allah is the One Free of all wants, worthy of all praise. If He so pleased, He could blot you out and bring in a New Creation: Nor is that (at all) difficult for Allah.” (TMQ, 35: 15-17). Think about yourself and then think about the angels, the worshippers of Allah. However, in spite of all of this, by worshipping Allah, you become dearer to Allah than the angels and through your obedience to Him, you become closer to Him than the angels and the angels become your servants in paradise. “..And angels shall enter unto them from every gate (with the salutation) “Peace unto you for that ye persevered in patience! Now how excellent is the final Home!” (TMQ, 13:23-24).




By his repentance to Allah, a needy and poor person becomes dearer to Him than the angels.




Do angels die or not? Of course they die. Listen to these verses that can be translated as, “Everything (that exists) will perish except His own Face” (TMQ, 28:88), and “And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are on the earth will swoon away” (TMQ, 39:68). Yet, does this death take place during our life cycle or by the end of it? We don’t know and we shouldn’t ask. Brothers and sisters, there are some points which neither Allah nor His Messenger illustrated. Thus, we don’t need to know.




Do the angels have a certain behavior? Actually, we know only of one behavioral characteristic of the angels and we should try to adopt it, which is modesty. “Once, Othman Ibn Affan came to the Prophet. When he entered, the Prophet (PBUH) sat up straight. When asked about this, he said, “He (Othman) is a man from whom the angels feel shy.” (Sahih Muslim, 2401). This is the only characteristic that is known about the angels.




At this point, I would like to ask all the young men who harass girls in streets, how dare you? Where is your modesty? Those girls and boys who talk to each other on the telephone at 2 a.m. and say the worst things imaginable, while Allah is calling to His believers in the last third of the night, “who is going to ask me so that I answer him?”- How dare they behave like that, especially at that time? Imagine if you are talking to this girl and your father picked up the other handset? It’d be a real scandal, wouldn’t it?




And what if it were her father and not yours who heard the phone call? Now, don’t you know that Allah hears and sees all of this? Allah says what can be translated as, “Knows he not that Allah sees (what he does)?” (TMQ, 96:14).




As for the boy who lies down, relaxing on the sofa while his father is standing, that’s because he lacks modesty. You who raise your voice when talking to your parents, don’t you have modesty? And the girl who laughs loudly in her the college does it out of a lack of modesty. The girls and the boys who play football together don’t have decency and the boy who dances at a wedding party and says, “the bridegroom is my friend. I have to dance at his wedding,” he too lacks modesty. The girls who dance in public, how dare they do that? And then they say this is a wedding and our family is well established and has certain traditions. Believe me, modesty is an integral whole.




In the “friendship” between girls and boys, where is the modesty? Where is your shyness, sister, when you listen to Allah addressing you, saying, “No taking boy-friends” (TMQ, 4:25). A woman can never have a boyfriend. Where is the modesty that she and her boyfriend should have? Allah says what can be translated as, “It is not Al-Birr (piety and righteousness) that you enter the houses from the back but Al-Birr (is the quality of the one) who fears Allah. So, enter houses through their (proper) doors” (TMQ, 2:189). Where is their shyness from the whole society? Where do they meet? Their answer is: “We meet every Thursday and go out together. Nothing is strange. We are friends.” You all know that in Islam a virgin’s silence (when asked her for her answer concerning a marriage proposal) taken as her consent. This is due to her shyness and we should not embarrass her. This is what the Sharia (Islamic law) says.




The last question is: what is our relation to the angels? It is a wonderful relationship. One part of this relation is that they pray for us and ask Allah to forgive us; not all angels do this, only the angels that sustain the Throne. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore forgiveness for those who believe…” (TMQ, 40:7).




Can you imagine that? A supplication of forgiveness is sent especially to you from the Throne and those who do it and send it to you are angels whom you don’t even know about. How strange! Brothers and sisters, there are many things in life more enjoyable than playing around, having fun and forgetting about your duty to Allah, one of which is knowing Allah and His angels and knowing that those angels are praying for you.




“And implore forgiveness for those who believe: “Our Lord! Thy Reach is over all things, in Mercy and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in Repentance, and follow thy Path; and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire! And grant, our Lord! that they enter the Gardens of Eternity, which Thou hast promised to them, and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their posterity! for Thou art (He), the Exalted in Might, Full of Wisdom. And preserve them from (all) ills; and any whom Thou dost preserve from ills that Day, on them wilt Thou have bestowed Mercy indeed.” (TMQ, 40:7-9).




Do you imagine? A young man may be indulging in all kinds of sins while one of the angels carrying the Throne is praying for him!!




Another aspect of the angels’ relation to us is that they tell us in advance whether we will enter paradise. Allah says what can be translated as, “In the case of those who say, “Our Lord is Allah,” and, further, stand straight and steadfast, the angels descend on them (from time to time): “Fear ye not!” (they suggest), “Nor grieve! but receive the Glad Tidings of the Garden (of Bliss), that which ye were promised!” (TMQ, 41:30).




A third aspect is that the angels keep watch over us. We always say things like, “the eye is protected by a guardian”, and “I was about to die yet the rock didn’t hit me. It was about to fall from the next building’s fence”, and “It is a miracle that I was saved from that car accident. I don’t know what happened”. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “For each (such person) there are (angels) in succession. Before and behind him: they guard him by command of Allah.” (TMQ, 13:11). They keep watch over him, yet, if Allah’s decree comes to pass, the angels leave him to his fate. The word “he” refers to man. See how dear and close their relation to you is, even when you are heedless of Allah.




The angels constantly surround us; every one of us has angels around them. If you don’t believe it, listen to this Hadith. The Prophet (PBUH) says, “Angels keep praying for you so long as you are in the Masjid saying, ‘O, Lord! Forgive him’”. (Sahih Bukhari, 445). Do you feel now how nice the angels are and how great the Masjid is? Go to the Masjid. You will certainly gain many merits and the angels will go on praying for you “O, Lord! Forgive him. Have compassion on him”




There are angels that record whatever you do, be it a good deed or a bad one. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Nay! But you deny the Day of Recompense. But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you, writing down your deeds” (TMQ, 82:9-11).




They also play a great role in carrying our salutations to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The Prophet (PBUH) says, “Allah has some angels who move all around the world then deliver to me the greetings of my Ummah.” (Sahih al-Albany, 1664). Imagine if you said “peace be upon Muhammad” now, an angel would bear your greeting and deliver it to him in Al-Madinah, saying, “O, Messenger of Allah! So and so from the Masjid called so and so is greeting you” so the prophet says “peace be upon him/ her.”




Brothers and sisters, there are many beautiful meanings in this life and the most beautiful of them is our relationship to Allah (SWT). The angels record the name of those who perform the Friday Prayer. The Prophet (PBUH) says, “On Fridays (Jumu’a), the angels stand at every door of the Masjid and write the names of the people who come in the order that they arrive, so that when the orator climbs the pulpit…etc” (Sahih Bukhari, 3211). The last part of the Hadith says that the angels enter the Masjid to listen to the Friday sermon. A very famous scene is that of a man entering the Masjid at the beginning of the second sermon because he has a headache. Normally, his name is not written. The angels haven’t written other people’s names for twenty years.




What’s our duty towards the angels? We should love them. I’ve been summarizing but actually loving angels requires many lessons.




Why don’t you establish a relationship with the angels on your right and left sides? Many of you ask “How”? When you do something good, look to your right side and tell the angel with great pleasure “record” and when you commit a sin, look to your left side and tell the angel “Wait, don’t record it, I’ll repent.”




It was mentioned in the traditions that when a person intends to do a good deed, the angel on the right side registers it immediately, and when he does a bad deed, the angel on his left side waits for a whole hour so that he may repent. Let me tell you about another very nice thing about angels. Be humble before them. Be humble in case they should see you committing a sin.




Another duty towards angels is to be clean. I say this especially to the young men who smoke. The Prophet (PBUH) says, “Angels feel disgusted from whatever disgusts man.” (Sahih Muslim, 564). When smoking, keep in mind that those angels whom we’ve been talking about now feel disgusted with you, so what if you were committing a sin? One of the greatest sins? By the way, don’t ever consider any sin a small one because it covers the mind, however small it is. Originally, the word (Khamr) meaning wine comes from the word (Khemar) meaning what covers the mind. So anything that covers the mind is called (khamr).




The last point I want to touch on here is the Prophet’s command regarding neighbors. He says, “Jibril kept advising me to care for my neighbors till I thought he will give them a share of my inheritance”. (Sahih al-Albany, 891). Normally, walls and distance separate neighbors from you. So, what about those neighbors on your left and right hand-sides? Since the Prophet has forbidden us from harming our neighbors, why not be nice to the angels? They are closer to you than your neighbors.




The previous points were just small examples of how we can love the angels, how to get closer to them, what we know about them and that we should believe in them. Thus, we have to believe in all that has been said about them.




What is left is belief in the jinn. They were created after the angels. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “We created man from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape. And the Jinn race, We had created before, from the fire of a scorching wind.” (TMQ, 15:26-27). Thus, the jinn were created before Adam. The fire of a scorching wind is a very hot fire whose heat resembles poison.




In another verse, Allah says what can be translated as, “And He created Jinn from fire free of smoke.” (TMQ, 55:15). They were created from a mixture of things; it is a mixture of blazes of fire and the dark black fumes that come out of these blazes. They were mixed together and out of that mixture the jinn were created. Iblis (Satan) is from the jinn. This appears in the following verse that can be translated as, “And (remember) when We said to the angels: ‘Prostrate yourself to Adam.’ So, they prostrated themselves except Iblis. He was one of the Jinn.” (TMQ, 18:50).





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Today’s lesson is entitled “The Creation of Adam (AS)”, however it seems that I will be talking about something else, namely, the submission, humility, surrender, and capitulation between the Hands of Allah (Exalted and Glorious). But, what is the relationship between these topics?


The prominent concept that comes into my mind whenever I talk about Adam’s creation (PBUH) is the submission to Allah (SWT). Hence, your heart must essentially feel—when you listen to the process of the creation of Adam (our father)(PBUH)—how weak and needy you are between the Hands of Allah (SWT), and that you have no other God but Him (SWT). So, let us start with how Adam (PBUH) was created.


You read in the Qur’an—in different Ayat (verses)—that Adam (PBUH) was created from “dust”, “clay”, “sticky clay”, “dried clay”, “dried clay of altered mud”, or “sounding clay like the clay of pottery”, then what is the conclusion, and from which material was Adam (PBUH) created? Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Verily, the likeness of ‘Isa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: “Be!” - and he was.” (TMQ, Al Imran: 59) (1).


But look at another Ayah, “(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: 'Truly I am going to create man from clay'.” (Surat Saad: 71), then He added in another Ayah, “Verily, We created them of a sticky clay.” (TMQ, As Saffat: 11).


What does all this mean? Was he created from dust or clay? Allah (Exalted and Glorious) also says what can be translated as, “And indeed, We created man from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud.” (Surat Al Hijr: 26), then He said in another Ayah what can be translated as, “He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery.” (TMQ, Ar-Rahman: 14).


Actually, Adam (PBUH) was created from all these materials through the various stages of the process of his creation. Each stage led to the next one, until his creation was completed. So now, let us start step by step to point out why Allah (SWT) made him undergo all these stages. Adam (PBUH) passed through six stages in the course of his creation, so let us benefit from this presentation, for Allah (SWT) coveys a message to us, and teaches us a lesson in each stage.


* The First Stage: Dust


The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Allah created Adam from a handful of dust taken from different lands, so the children of Adam have been created according to the composition of the land. Therefore, from mankind we have white, red, black and yellow ones; we have good and evil, ease and sorrow, and what comes in between them.” (Sahih Bukhari and At-Tirmidhi), and in another narration, he (PBUH) said “Allah the Almighty sent Gabriel onto the earth to get Him a handful of dust taken from different lands. Therefore, the children of Adam have been created according to the composition of the land.” What does this mean? The characteristics of people are different because they were created from various heaps of dust taken from all over the world; so there are red, white, and black people, and there are easy and hard-hearted, evil and good persons. This Hadith shows us that our beginning was from a heap of dust, taken from different parts of the earth. That is the reason men have different colors. People have different colors—red, black, white, yellow—like the different colors of dust, and different natures, too. A good person, who comes close to Allah (SWT), once he hears the message, is like good fertile ground. An evil person who insists on wickedness and returns to it, even if you preach to him and help him several times, is like evil land. A hardhearted person who can never feel tenderness is like hard land that is full of thorns, and a kind person whom you love easily is like smooth land.


So, we want to look back at our origin, and realize that we were nothing. We were made of dust, so Glory be to Allah who made the dust speak, think, sail on the water, go up to the sky, and explore space. Glory be to Allah who turned the dust into human beings who move on the earth.


The concept I want to emphasize is how can you--Son of Adam--disobey Allah (SWT)? How can the dust say ‘No’ to the orders of Allah? How can you commit adultery, drink wine, or refuse to pray the prayers at their prescribed times, which is the most desirable work to Allah (SWT)? How can this heap of dust, which is turned into a human being, refuse to follow the orders of Allah (SWT)? Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Be cursed (the disbelieving) man! How ungrateful he is! From what thing did He create him? From Nutfah (male and female fluids) He created him and then set him in due proportion. Then He makes the Path easy for him. Then He causes him to die and puts him in his grave. Then when it is His Will, He will resurrect him (again).” (TMQ, ‘Abasa: 17-22). Don't you feel how weak and needy you are? Actually, the aim of this lesson is to learn submission, as if I am teaching you a lesson about the value of submission to Allah (SWT); not about the stories of the prophets. This is the understanding I want you to get from it.


My brothers, we were first created from dust. Listen to the Divine Hadith (Hadith Qudsi). Allah (SWT) said, “The one who humbles himself to Me like this (and the Prophet (PBUH) lowered the palm of his hand till it reached the floor), I would elevate him as far as this (and the prophet (PBUH) kept raising his hand so high towards the sky)”.


This was about our creation from dust. How needy and weak we are! Adam (PBUH) was called ‘Adam’ because he was created from the ‘Adeem’ (the dust) of the earth. This is to make us always related to the dust, and to remember that we are from dust whenever Allah (SWT) says, “O’ sons of Adam”. We are the descendents of Adam, who is from dust. This is the first stage of our creation.


Now, do you still insist on your disobedience to the orders of Allah (SWT), even after you knew that you are from dust, and that you are made to speak by the orders of Allah (SWT)?


* The Second Stage: the Clay


The dust was soaked with water, so it became clay. (See how very poor we are!). This is the meaning of what Allah (SWT) says to the Angels and can be translated as, “(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Truly I am going to create man from clay”. (TMQ, Saad: 71). Why did Allah (SWT) choose these two elements (dust and water) to start Adam’s creation (PBUH)? Why did He not choose iron, for example? This is not only to humble ourselves before Allah (SWT), but it has another beautiful meaning.


The main function of dust and water is purification, cleanliness, and bathing. There is no purification without water. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The earth has been made for me a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum (dry ablution with dust, when water is not available).” As if Allah (SWT) wants to say to us that our origin is pure and clean, since we are created of the purest elements on the earth. So, be aware of contaminating this purity. For those people who watch forbidden and disgraceful satellite channels, or those who visit immoral sites on the internet, why do you pollute this purity inside you? By doing this, a person imagines that all women and men are wicked, and that the origin of mankind is filth. This is absolutely wrong. We are created from dust and water to realize that we are pure and clean.


Compare these meanings with the meanings of the Western civilization, which perceives Man as a ‘bad insect’. There is an international Western scholar who said, “Man is a malignant insect, which lives among the garbage of life.” Can you imagine that he said such a thing, although he is an international scholar? We must not defile the purity from which we were made.


The one who used to commit adultery contaminates the most virtuous thing in himself. The one who abuses drugs defiles the purest soul inside him. Just like a person who throws junk in the water and pollutes it, would you drink it? Man is the one who defiles himself, and pollutes the dust and the water from which he was created, so he makes people hate to deal with him and with the pure things he was created from. I hope that this meaning can convey my message to you.


I hope that everyone can realize the seriousness of becoming used to committing adultery and other similar sins. The girl who boldly allows a man to enjoy her body—even with a kiss—defiles the purity from which she was created. Take care of your origins; for your origins are composed of the most pure elements.


The dust was soaked with water, and then turned into clay.


* The Third Stage: Sticky Clay


The clay started to be more compact, until it became sticky, adhesive, and thick. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Verily, We created them of sticky clay.” (TMQ, As-Saffat: 11). What is the meaning of “sticky”? It means that it is an adhesive mixture of clay that is easy to be shaped. What is the value of this stage? It is to show the meaning that you have strength and cohesion in your creation. Sometimes, one may feel that he is alone, lost, and has no aim in life. You are created from “sticky clay”, so do not scatter yourself. The meaning of stickiness is united. When a person is far from Allah (SWT), he becomes lost and scattered. Without Allah, your heart becomes scattered, dispersed, and alone. You must get exhausted, because the entire universe goes in the direction of Allah (SWT), while you go in the opposite direction. The “sticky clay” basically means that you have cohesion and unity. Some people, who are away from Allah (SWT), feel that they are nothing, and that they have no existence as if they are mere air, while you are created from a mixture of sticky clay; you are not scattered. The clay clung together and became easy to be shaped.


* The Forth Stage: molding and shaping


At this stage, Adam (PBUH) is now sticky clay, which is easy to be shaped. Then Allah (SWT) molded him with His Hands. There is no God, but Allah (SWT). Do you feel submission and humility to Allah (SWT)? Adam (PBUH) was molded by the Hands of Allah (SWT)! Then a question might be raised; what is the evidence for this? It is in what Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “(Allah) said: “O Iblis (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands? Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the high exalted?”“ (TMQ, Saad: 75). Adam (PBUH) was created by the Hands of Allah (SWT). Do not ask how, and do not try to find either a resemblance or an embodiment of this action, but rather say, “There is nothing like Him.” The meaning itself that our father Adam (PBUH) was created by the Hands of Allah (SWT) is enough. Are you going to submit to Allah (SWT) or not?


The creatures, which are created with the noble Hands of Allah (SWT), must remain pure. Say to yourself what you would not say to Allah (SWT), who created our father with His Hands, “I am free, I will not wear a scarf, I will not pray, or I will not be kind to my parents since I am not convinced about this!”. Do you feel Allah’s (SWT) affection for you? This is the meaning; the one who creates something with his hands makes it as evidence of his love for this thing. Perceive your value to Allah (SWT); for we are dear to Allah (SWT). So how can we dare disobey Allah (SWT) after all this?


Listen to the Hadith Qudsi. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “O’ son of Adam, I created you with My Hands, and brought you up with My blessings, while you defy Me and disobey Me. If you repent afterwards, I will accept you. So where you can find a God like Me, the Most Merciful, the Most Forgiving.” Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And whatever of blessings and good things you have, it is from Allâh” (TMQ, An-Nahl: 53). We are created by the Hands of Allah (SWT).


* The Fifth Stage: Drying the pottery clay


After these stages of creation (the dust was soaked with water and became clay, then the clay was compounded and became cohesive clay ready to be shaped, then Allah (SWT) molded it with His Hands, so it became a potter’s clay), the potter’s clay was left to dry, so its color was changed because of the influence of the winds. Look at our origin, how weak it was! How dare we to disobey Allah (SWT)? When the clay was wet, then it was exposed to the winds, its color changed and became like “dried clay of altered mud”. What is “dried clay of altered mud”? It is a kind of clay, the color of which changed to a lighter shade of black as a result of leaving it for some time to dry. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And indeed, We created man from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud.” (TMQ, Al Hijr: 26). This emphasizes our weakness before Allah (SWT).


* The Sixth Stage: Sounding Clay


When the clay dried, it became hollow; it had an internal cavity (the cavity of the mouth). Therefore, it became like the clay of pottery, which is hollow, dry clay that makes a sound when it is tapped. Thus, Adam (PBUH) was a figure of dry clay with an internal cavity for the soul to enter through it. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery” (TMQ, Ar-Rahman: 14). Did I not tell you that today’s lesson is called humility, resignation, and submission to Allah (SWT)?


Iblis (Satan) started to turn this body around and to hit it; then he found that it made a sound. Hence, there is no contradiction between the Ayat, for there are six stages of Adam’s (PBUH) creation: dust, clay, sticky clay, clay in the shape of a human being, dried clay of altered mud, and then sounding clay like the clay of pottery. By that time, Adam (PBUH) was a huge figure. He was left like that, while the soul had not yet been breathed into him. Why did Adam’s (PBUH) creation pass through all these stages? Was Allah (SWT) not able to say to it, ““Be!” - and it is.” (TMQ, Al Baqara: 117)? I think that the answer is easy. It is to realize how weak you are and how powerful Allah (SWT) is, to know your need for Him, and to feel that you are nothing without Him.


Did you see the miracle, which made the dust move [or come alive]? Allah (SWT) is able to do anything.


This leads us to the next stage; for Adam (PBUH), by that time, was a huge figure made of hollow clay, while the soul had not been breathed into him yet. How long did he remain a body without a soul? People said a period of time. Some Hadith narrated by Al-Tabarany on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas inform us that he remained like this for 40 days. Why did he remain like this? To emphasize your weakness.


The Prophet (PBUH) said (Hadith narrated by Imam Muslim), “When Allah molded Adam, He left him in Paradise for sometime. Our original home is Paradise, since our father was created there. We have nothing to do with this world.” When I ask you about your homeland, you tell me it is Al-Mansoura, but I tell you that your homeland is your father’s homeland. The original homeland of your father is Paradise. You are a stranger in this world, and you came to this world for a prescribed mission, which is to prove that you are a servant of Allah, and you yearn to return to your original homeland. Adam was created in Paradise, although the dust he was created from was from the earth. The first things he saw were the blessings and the fruits of Paradise. I wonder that there are some people who never ask Allah to grant them Paradise throughout their lifetimes. I wonder about young boys and girls in this world who do not put Paradise as their most important goal in life. “When Allah (SWT) shaped Adam (PBUH) in Paradise, He left him there for sometime, then He made Iblis go around him and examine him. When Iblis saw that Adam (PBUH) was hollow, he realized that he cannot resist temptation, and that he can deceive him.” (Hadith narrated by Muslim)


I present this Hadith to you because Satan tries to examine every one of us. He looked at Adam (PBUH) examined him, and thought about how to enter his body when he was hollow, until he realized that his point of weakness is that he cannot control himself in the face of temptation. Satan examines every one of us, and he makes you love your point of weakness. He can make you blind to your point of weakness for twenty years, so you may repeat the same mistake for twenty years without noticing this, because he has examined you and knows your weakest point. This point of weakness has only one solution mentioned in the Qur’an. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Certainly, you shall have no authority over My slaves…” (TMQ, Al Hijr: 42). Satan turns around you (as he did with your father [Adam]) trying to determine your point of weakness, for he actually knows the weakest point in every one of us. For example, someone may have his point of weakness in his friends, who deceive him, or in some one who introduces him to forbidden things. The only solution is to seek refuge and help from Allah (SWT), to come close to Allah (SWT), and to ask Him to save you from the deeds of Satan.


Adam (PBUH) remained in this stage for long period of time (40 years or 40 days). This is what is meant by what Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was not a thing worth mentioning?” (TMQ, Al-Insân: 1). Allah (SWT) directs a question to us, have we ever been something worthless, or was it Man who originated the universe? The answer to the first part is, Yes, Allah, we have been worthless for a period of time.


As I told you, Adam (PBUH) was a huge figure made of hollow clay, and was left in Paradise. Now, a great thing will happen. I would like you to try to imagine this while I am telling it to you. It is the greatest thing Allah (SWT) did; it is breathing the soul into Adam’s body (PBUH). Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.” (TMQ, Saad: 72).


My brothers and sisters, do we notice this breath inside us? You have a Heavenly breath inside you. You were created from two pure elements; dust and water, then Allah (SWT) did not only mold you with His own Hands; but He also breathed His soul into you. In this Ayah, there are three manifestations of honor for Man. The first one is “fashioned him”, which means that Allah (SWT) formed Adam (PBUH) in the most noble shape. The second is that Allah (SWT) breathed His soul into Adam (PBUH), and the third one is that all the angels prostrated to him. Do you want a better evaluation than this? Do you believe that Allah (SWT) likes this creature? Do you still not believe that you are noble and dear to Allah (SWT)? How can He be generous to you to this great extent, while you still do not want to love Him and do not yearn for Him? How can you defile this pure breath inside you? It is a breath from Allah (SWT). Of course, it is a formless breath, and we know nothing about it, and we do not ask about it, but we, rather, leave its knowledge to Allah (SWT). It is a Divine breath from Allah (SWT). You have purity inside you, but can you imagine its value when you contaminate it? How dare you hurt this pure breath by taking drugs or smoking cigarettes? How can some youth dare to insult each other, how can you eat bad or forbidden things, how can you earn money by unlawful means? How did you not respect this great breath?


You are noble and dear to Allah (SWT). I will tell you some Hadith Qudsi, in which Allah (SWT) shows His affection for you, and His desire that you should be close to Him. I will narrate to you some of them to stir you.


Allah (SWT) said in Hadith Qudsi, “I, mankind, and Jinn are in an odd situation; I create, and they worship others. I give and they thank others. My blessings go down to them and their evils come up to Me. I kindly offer them My mercy despite that I am in no need of them. They are fighting Me with sins while they are in pitiable need of Me. Those who are praising Me, are My servants. So, whoever wants to be one of My servants just celebrate My praises. Those who obey Me, are those whom I love. And those who disobey Me, I never exclude them from My Mercy. If they repent, I grant them My love, and if they refuse to repent, I will cure their hearts by afflictions until they are purified from defects. The good deed in My accounts equals ten and more, and the evil deed in My account equals one and I forgive. I swear with My Glory and Honor, if they ask for forgiveness I'll forgive them. Whoever repents and comes to Me, I will receive him though he is far away. And whoever turns back, I will call him closely telling him, ‘O’ My slave where are you going? Do you have any other God?’”


Allah (SWT) inspired Dawud (David), “O’ Dawud, if the reluctant persons would know My yearning for their return, My desire for their repentance, and my wish for forgiving them; they would ache for Me. O’ Dawud, [if] this is my desire for the reluctant persons, then what about My affection for the willing ones?” Look to His affection for us, his generosity, and his longing for us!


1) TMQ=Translation of the Meaning of the Qur'an. This translation is for the realized meaning, so far, of the stated (Surah:Ayah) of the Qur'an. Reading the translated meaning of the Qur'an can never replace reading it in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed.


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Look at the following Hadith Qudsi, Allah the Almighty says, “O My servant, I brought you from nothingness to existence, I endowed you with hearing, seeing, mind and heart. O My servant, I hide your sins in front of the other creatures, and you do not fear Me. O My servant, I remember you, and you forget Me. O My servant, I feel ashamed for you, but you do not feel ashamed before Me. Who is but more bounteous than Me? Who knocked at My door, and I did not open? Who asked Me, and I did not give him? Am I miser so My slave is so miserly to Me?”


In another sublime Hadith Qudsi Allah the Almighty says, “O My servants, all of you are hungry except for those I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except for those I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, all of you are astray except for those I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants you sin by night and by day, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you cannot seek to harm Me, and you cannot seek to benefit Me. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you, to be as pious as the most pious heart of any one of you, that would not increase My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you as wicked as the most wicked heart of any one of you, that would not decrease My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you, to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, anymore than a needle decreases the water in the sea if put into it. My servants, it is but your deeds that I count up for you and then recompense you for, so let him who finds good, praise Allah and let him who finds other than that, blame no one but himself.”


Dear brothers and sisters, this is our God (SWT). Do you know how He created you? Here is a very important point concerning our creation that is worthy of reflection. Did you look at the other intelligent creatures and what substances they were created from? They were created from one substance. The angels were created from light: one substance. The jinn were created from one substance, too. The only intelligent creature who was created from two substances is man. Angels and jinn were created of one substance in order to follow one road without having any instincts. Man is the only one who was created of two substances to have such conflicting instincts. What are these two substances? They are: (1) an external covering (try to perceive this meaning) called the body, (2) the soul where the body has a hallowing to let the soul go into. The external covering is made of earth’s dust. The soul is created from the kingdom of the heavens. Therefore, we have part from the earth and part from heaven’s kingdom; we were created of both. One part of you always pushes you downwards—called the body. The second part tries to elevate you upward to the purity of heavens—called the soul. Why? Because the body is from earth and the soul is from heavens. Each of them needs a special kind of nourishment. Thus, you have to be fed on two kinds of food.


The body’s sustenance is to eat, drink, marry, enjoy your time, practice sports, etc. While the soul’s food is to be near to Allah (SWT), to adhere to As-Salat (prayer), As-Siyam (fasting), and Tasbeeh (glorifying Allah), and to be attached to Allah.


In that way Allah (SWT) has created us: a body from the outside and a soul from the inside. We are the ones who imprisoned our souls. The soul complains because the Qur’an does not have access to come into it. Do you know, for example, why two men standing beside each other in As-Salat behind the same Imam and hearing the same verses have a difference as that between the heaven and earth between their Salat? One of them has his soul in the heavens and the other has his soul on earth. Why? It is because the second neglected his soul and only thought about his body. Therefore, the soul could no longer be moved. It wishes to come closer to Allah (SWT) for a moment. When you read this lecture you seize a mere second of closeness to Allah (SWT), so you start to breathe in and your soul starts to become alive. Then, you succeed it with `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) to elevate your soul. Ramadan follows, and you adhere to As-Salat. Your soul, this way, elevates more and more. The result is that your soul becomes attached to Allah.


When the soul starts to refresh, you might leave it for a month or a week. You may say to yourself, “I am devout and attend a religious lecture, for example, once a week”. Yet, during the rest of the week you have no relation to religion. Surely, this must not be.


Look at how Allah (SWT) speaks about the risk of the people who live only for their bodies and never for their souls in the Qur’an, “The mutual rivalry for piling up the good things of this world..” (TMQ, 102:1) (1) (i.e. The food of your bodies: eating, drinking, enjoying life, playing…) “..diverts you (from the more serious things)” (TMQ, 102:1). The prohibition in this verse is not from piling up good things but is from being diverted by feeding the body and from forgetting to feed the soul. Allah (SWT) reminds us of the end, “…until you visit the grave” (TMQ, 102:2); the end will come when we go to the grave. O people! You are diverted by your bodies and have forgotten your souls. Then the Surah warns, “But nay, you soon shall know (the reality). Again, you soon shall know! Nay, were you to know with certainty of mind, (you would beware!) You shall certainly see Hell-fire! Again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! Then, shall you be questioned that Day about the joy (you indulged in!)” (TMQ, 102:3-8); i.e. the indulgence of the body.


What is the solution?


The solution is to balance between the soul and the body. Did not you eat and drink? Then, go and pray Qiyyam Al-layl (night prayer). Did not you chat with your friend for two hours over the phone? Then, recite Dhikr (remembrance) of Allah for ten minutes. As you feed your body, you should feed your soul. Do not you travel every year and spend money to enjoy your summer vacation? Why not go to `Umrah? If you went with your friends on a picnic, go and attend a religious lecture.


You must have a balance between the soul and the body. I want to follow with you step by step. However, I see that the priority at the beginning is not to have such balance; it is to give preference to the soul over the body. Thus, the soul is directed to Allah (SWT); consequently, the body becomes satisfied too. I wish that you would always work towards keeping the balance between the body and the soul. As we satisfy our bodies, we must satisfy our souls. For example, you can say, “After watching a serial on the T.V. and laughing at it, I need now to recite Qur’an for at least ten minutes.” This is because the body is the one who laughed not the soul. I wish we would all understand this concept and know that the balance mentioned in Surat At-Takathur (piling up of worldly things) is the one we need.


Now let us continue the story of Adam’s creation (PBUH). Once Adam (PBUH) was created, and once the soul entered the head, Adam (PBUH) sneezed. The angels said to him, “Say Al-Hamdu lillah (praise be to Allah)”. He said so. Allah the Almighty said, “Your God bestowed His mercy upon you”. Thus, the first thing Adam (PBUH) heard of Allah (SWT) was His mercy. I swear by Allah (SWT), dear brothers and sisters that once you behave seriously with Allah (SWT) you will taste His mercy. Instead of having your parents upset with you, try to show them love and try to please them. Allah (SWT) will make them pleased with you. In the same manner, when you face any situation with your boss at work, once you become near to Allah (SWT), you will have it solved.


Everything changes and you will find that it is from Allah’s Mercy upon us that it does. Dear brothers and sisters, Allah (SWT) is Merciful with us. He wants to make us the people of His Paradise because He created us with His hand; we are of His dearest creatures.


Imagine that the first word by which the universe met Adam (PBUH) was “Your God bestowed His mercy upon you.” (Narrated by At-Tirmithi). From here came the Sunnah of saying, “May Allah have mercy upon you” to the one who sneezes. When you sneeze, you say “Al-Hamdu lillah”. Then, the one beside you replies, “May Allah have mercy upon you”. You, then, reply, “May Allah guide you and reconcile your mind”. Look nowadays, when somebody sneezes, you say, “May Allah have mercy upon you.” He answers: “Merci!”


The next question is: On which day was the soul breathed into him?


One may ask: Can you determine the day, the hour, and the minute? The answer is yes because we have Authentic Hadith.


The Prophet (PBUH) said, “The best of days on which the sun rises is Friday. In it Adam was created, in it he was made to enter Paradise, in it he was expelled from it, in it he was forgiven, in it he died, and in it the Hour occurs.” (Narrated by Muslim and Abu-Dawud)


I will show you the importance of Friday, but before that we have another question, Can you determine the hour at which Adam (PBUH) was created? The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Adam was created on Friday afternoon. He was the last of the creatures (created after all creatures were created) at the last hour of Friday between afternoon and night”. One may say, “What is the importance of knowing the time and the day of Adam’s creation?” I reply there are two points of importance:


First: the importance and the value of Friday


I want to ask you how many of you observe the Sunnah on Friday? It is an honorable day that has special Sunnahs that our Prophet (PBUH) ordered us to follow. They are called Friday’s Sunnahs;


1. Taking a bath on Friday is compulsory for every adult man.

2. Wearing perfume, for men.

3. Cleaning one’s teeth using siwaq (tooth-stick) or toothbrush.

4. Wearing clean clothes.

5. Going early to the Masjid. One becomes sad nowadays to see some people going to the Masjid after the Imam takes his seat on the pulpit.

6. Reciting Surat Al-Kahf as Allah’s messenger (PBUH) ordered us.


These are the Sunnahs of Salatul Jumu`ah (Friday prayer).


One Friday Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) entered the Masjid and found that two men had arrived earlier than him. He became so sad and hit his leg with his hand saying, “O Ibn Mas`ud! You became the third of the three.” When he reached the peak of sadness and regret, he said, “The third of the three is not so far from Allah”. Compare this to what happens these days and to the people who come late. Thus, we can realize how special Friday is.


Second: Adam was created in the afternoon


The Prophet (PBUH) says: “There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday and if a Muslim catches it while praying and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.” (An-Nawawi, 752/2). The Dua‘a (supplication) at this hour is surely accepted, as Allah will give to whoever supplicates at this hour.


Most of the scholars say that the last hour before the sunset is that opportune one. Why? Because Allah (SWT) created Adam (PBUH) in this hour. Allah accepts our Dua’a’ to Him In order to remind us that we are dear to Him and to remind us of the value of this day and this hour when the dust was formed to be a human being.


Another question arises: what was Adam’s shape when he was created?


The Prophet (PBUH) said in a Hadith narrated by Bukhari, “Allah created Adam in his same shape, making him 60 cubits tall,” (Can you imagine?), the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature since Adam's creation.” (Sahih Bukhari, 6227). In this Hadith there are three important points.


Can you imagine how tall Adam (PBUH) was? He was similar to a five-story building, for example. Can you imagine that you will enter Paradise with the same height? Why are the creatures getting shorter? Why didn’t we stay at our father’s height? Do you believe that this is because of Allah’s (SWT) Mercy upon us?


Imagine after we reached this technology, rockets, and widespread science, destruction that will likely destroy the earth due to technology and destructive weapons, and our increasing sins. Imagine that we are giants! What could happen? Because of Allah’s Mercy, when we gain more knowledge, our size becomes smaller in order not to transgress (too far).


Also, the Hadith imparted a very serious matter. It says Allah (SWT) created Adam (PBUH) in his (Adam’s) same shape. What does this mean? It means that he was in the same shape when he descended to earth as he was created in Paradise. Our Prophet (PBUH) wanted to show us that Adam descended to earth having the same shape he was created with. Why did the Prophet (PBUH) tell us this?


When I was researching this point in the Hadith, I found old scholars saying that they do not know why the Prophet (PBUH) told us this—that Adam (PBUH) descended to earth having the same shape he was created with. They commented that the matter might hold a wisdom that will be known later. Then, Darwin came and said that the origin of man was the monkey. The Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) was told 1400 years ago and he said that Adam (PBUH) was created and descended to earth having the same shape. Is not this an evidence of prophecy? Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon you Mohammad.


Now you have the evidence, so you do not believe in what Darwin said because our Prophet (PBUH) told us that Adam (PBUH) descended to earth having the same shape he was created with in Paradise. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Nor does he (Mohammad) speak of (his own) desire” (TMQ, 53:3).


Then, Allah (SWT) said to Adam (PBUH) once he created him, "Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting (salutations) of your offspring." So, Adam (PBUH) went and said (to the angels), As-Salamu `Alaikoum (i.e. Peace be upon you). The angels said, "As-Salamu `Alayeka wa Rahmatu Allah wa Barakatuh" (i.e. Allah’s Peace and Mercy and Blessings be upon you). Thus, this became our greeting and not what is currently used from Hi and bye. Sometimes I receive a question about religion from a young person and then he ends his speech with “bye” or “Merci”! This must not be.


This Hadith teaches us a very good thing. What did Adam (PBUH) say to the angels upon greeting them? “As-Salamu `Alaykum.” They replied, "As-Salamu `Alayeka wa Rahmatu Allah wa Barakatuh". Therefore, what was Adam’s language? It was Arabic. None of the old scholars emphasized it. Yet, I believe it is a point of view. The words of the Hadith are clear, and I built my opinion on it. This is not strange, and I am not exaggerating in my love for the Arabic language. Also, I believe that this view is accepted because the language of the people in Paradise will be Arabic, and Adam’s origin (PBUH) was in Paradise. Therefore, it is probable that his language was Arabic.


The third point in this Hadith is the fact that the first dealing between Adam (PBUH) and others starts with “Peace” and the first word he said to introduce himself to others was “Peace”. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “You will not enter Paradise until you have faith, and you will not have faith until you love one another. May I direct you to a way by which you will love one another. Spread greetings and salutations among yourselves. Spread the practice of saying: “As-Salamu `Alaykum” among yourselves.”


Now the soul was breathed into Adam (PBUH), and he greeted the angels and knew his greeting.


The thing we will end with is that Allah (SWT) stroked Adam’s back so his progeny (you and me) until the Day of Judgment were issued from it. The Prophet (PBUH) said as narrated by At-Tirmidhi, “When Allah created Adam He stroked his back and issued every progeny of Adam that will be created until the Day of Judgment.” Why? Modern science proved that man’s fluid originates from his backbones. Therefore, from Adam’s back (PBUH) every progeny of his descendants until the Day of Judgment came out by one stroke on his back. Also the verses of the Qur’an shows us what can be translated as, “When your Lord took the progeny of Bani Adam from their backs and made them testify against themselves. 'Am I not your Lord?' They said, 'Yes, we bear witness’ Lest you should say on the Day of Rising, 'We were heedless of that'.” (TMQ, 7:172). We came to this world to witness against ourselves; Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Am I not your Lord?” and we said, “Yes”. This is so that no one can come on the Day of Judgment and say it did not happen.


Surely, at this moment you will ask yourself a question: I cannot remember anything of this, so will I be judged for something that I cannot remember? How can I say that it did not happen because the Qur’an says it? I cannot remember.


The meaning here is that our standing and bearing witness are those events which formed the true and instinctive nature within us. The true nature inside you is that which has made you believe that you have one God who created you; it developed when you stood at this assembly. It is as if Allah (SWT) wanted to embed the true nature inside us through this tangible scene. You cannot remember it, but there is evidence that it happened; it is your true nature that invites you to Allah (SWT); that makes you resist sins. A proof for this is that there were Muslims who lived for 70 years in atheism in the Russian Republics, and children were brought up on the fact that there is no God. Yet, once the Soviet Union fell, the first thing they called for was that they need religion. From where did they get the need for religion? It came from the first true nature that was put in them, that of knowing Allah’s existence and the necessity of worshipping Him. It seems as if I am telling you about the Hadith which states, “Every one is born to his true nature”. This true nature always calls you to Allah.


Dear brothers and sisters, do you see how your true nature is wholesome? Formerly I said that Allah’s (SWT) noble hands created you; so you shouldn’t commit sins. Also I told you that your origin is dust and water; two pure elements, so do not pollute them. Moreover, you contain Allah’s (SWT) breath; so do not defile it. Again, I reiterate to you that inside you there is a wholesome true nature that is related to the time we stood before Allah when He issued us forth from Adam’s back (PBUH). Thus, we must not defile our form [body and soul]. We must not defile it or make it deteriorate by committing sins. This true nature deteriorates when a girl [or boy] smokes a water pipe (shishah)—besides that, it is forbidden. Also the true nature deteriorates when one sees unpleasant scenes on the Internet or the T.V. This true nature deteriorates through forbidden obscene talk between a girl and a boy on the phone at midnight after their parents go to sleep. This true nature deteriorates when a girl betrays her Mom and Dad by having a relationship with a boy behind their backs. It also deteriorates when two biological brothers dispute with each other and stop talking to each other for months. This true nature deteriorates when a young man shouts at his father or mother, or deteriorates inside a man who has not prostrated before Allah (PBUH) once for a week or two, a month or two.


Please, brothers and sisters do not let your true nature deteriorate.


Here is a Hadith of our Prophet (PBUH) (narrated by Muslim and Imam Ahmad), “Allah would say to a man who will go to the hell on the Day of Judgment: ‘Would you like to pay as ransom all your worldly riches?’ He would say: ‘Yes!’ Allah would say to him: ‘When you were in the loins of Adam, I demanded from you something easier than this that you should not associate anything with Me (the true nature) but you defied and attributed divinity (to others besides Me)’”.


This is what happened at Adam’s creation.

The next time will be about the prostration of the angels, why Allah (SWT) ordered them to prostrate to Adam (PBUH), what are the reasons behind Allah’s (SWT) using the word vicegerent, the reasons that stopped Iblis from prostrating to Adam (PBUH), how Hawa’ (Eve) was created, and why she was called Hawa’. This will come in the next lecture, Insha’ Allah (God willing).



1) TMQ= Translation of the Meaning of the Qur'an. This translation is for the realized meaning, so far, of the stated (Surah:Ayah) of the Qur'an. Reading the translated meaning of the Qur'an can never replace reading it in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed.



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We stopped last time at the prostration of all the angels to Adam (AS) except Shaytan who refused to prostrate.


Before we start there are some questions:


* Is Shaytan a jinn or an angel?


"And (remember) when We said to the angels: ‘Prostrate yourselves before Adam.’ And they prostrated except Iblîs (Satan)". (TMQ, 2:34) (1).


It might be thought that Shaytan is an angel, but this is not true. The scholars have all agreed on that Shaytan is not an angel. After the creation of earth, the jinn inhabited it [entirely] until the angels drove them away to the islands and seas. Some of the jinn were evil, shedding blood and killing, while others obeyed Allah (SWT). Shaytan was one of those obedient jinn, hence, the angels took him to Heaven where he worshipped Allah (SWT) and he was completely devoted to Him; Shaytan left no place in Heaven where he did not prostrate to Allah (SWT). (Isra’iliyat) (2). However, deep inside him there was something impure, which Allah (SWT) knew well but kept it for a reason that only He knows.


Shaytan is not an angel and this can be proven in the Holy Qur’an, in Surat Al-Kahf (The Cave) through an undisputed verse, that can be translated as, “And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves unto Adam." So they prostrated themselves except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinn; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord.” (TMQ, 18:50).


* If Shaytan is a jinni, why was he ordered with the angels to prostrate?


Allah (SWT) ordered the angels and not the jinn, so why would Shaytan be punished for not prostrating? In fact, the order was directed to him. It is true that the order was given to the angels, but because he was in the company of the angels for a long time and he was living with them, Shaytan was also included [in this order].


When Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands" (TMQ, 38:75). Shaytan did not reply "O Allah! You did not command me". He rather replied, "I am better than he." Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate yourself, when I commanded you?" (TMQ, 7:12), which proves that Allah (SWT) ordered him as well as He ordered the angels.


* Sometimes Allah (SWT) calls the devil "Iblis" and sometimes “Satan” (shaytan). Is he called Iblis or Satan? Or are the two names the same?


His real name is Iblis but the origin of the word "devil" (shaytan) in the Arabic language is (shaytan) that means “deviate or stray from”. Iblis deviated from Allah's (SWT) path; he strayed far from Allah's (SWT) commands, from obeying Him, from repentance and from Paradise (Jannah). This is why he is called "Shaytan". For that reason, the devil is called "Iblis" and is described as the devil "Shaytan". Hence, beware of devilish traits and of going astray from Allah's (SWT) commands, because this might lead you to carry the traits and characteristics of Shaytan.


* What is the difference between the word shayateen (devils, pl. of shaytan) and jinn?


Devils are the disobedient jinn: the disobedient, unbelieving, dissolute jinn are called shayateen. Therefore, every devil is a jinn but not every jinn is a devil.


* Why did Shaytan/Iblis refuse to prostrate to Adam (PBUH)?


His point of view is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, in Surat Al-A'raf (chapter of "The Heights"), can be translated as, "What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate yourself, when I commanded you?" Iblis said: "I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay." (Allah) said: "(O Iblis) get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced." (TMQ, 7:12-13). The reason that Allah (SWT) has mentioned is Pride or Arrogance. In the chapter of Sad, Allah—be He Exalted and Glorified—says what can be translated as, "(Allah) said: "O Iblis! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the high exalted?" (Iblis) said: "I am better than he. You created me from fire, and You created him from clay." (TMQ, 38:75-76). Therefore, whenever you feel that you are excessively proud of yourself, beware of this devilish trait. Arrogance was the first sin committed since Adam's (PBUH) creation; paradise is forbidden for the Arrogant. Allah (SWT) says to Shaytan, the first creature committing that sin, what can be translated as, "get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here" (TMQ, 7:13). The Prophet (PBUH) says, "He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter Paradise.” (Muslim)


Following are the types of Arrogance. Try to discern if your heart carries any type of these or not.


The first type of Arrogance is being unjust with people; holding them in contempt, and oppressing them. I am afraid that a person might treat a servant at home this way; the leader or manager might do that with his employees; or the youth with people who are less fortunate or less intelligent. Showing contempt for people and belittling their social level represents a kind of arrogance.


The second type of Arrogance is strutting around [or showing off]. For example, when a woman walks in a way that shows off her beauty, and the one who wears a suit and feels that he is better than everybody. I do not mean we should not wear suits. The Prophet (PBUH) says, "Allah is beautiful and admires beauty" (Muslim). Hence, you can wear whatever you like but do not show off and think that people are lower than you. The Prophet (PBUH) says, "A man strutted around, wearing his long robe, and admiring himself a lot, and Allah caused the earth to sink with him, thus such the man is in torture until the Day of Judgment” (Bukhari, Muslim)


The third type of Arrogance is refusing to accept any advice and refusing to get back to the right path even if you know the way to it. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "And when it is said to him, "Fear Allah", he is led by arrogance to (more) crime. So enough for him is Hell, and worst indeed is that place to rest!" (TMQ, 2:206).


The fourth type of Arrogance is the love of having people humiliated and making them submit. Some husbands treat their wives this way and humiliate them. The Prophet (PBUH) says that such people have their places in Hell.


The fifth type of Arrogance is to stop praying. If one says, "I want to pray but I cannot", this is the major proof of his Pride. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "And your Lord said: "Invoke Me, I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!" (TMQ, 40:60). The person who demands nothing from Allah (SWT), and who stays one week without raising his hands asking Allah (SWT) to grant him what he needs is proud and arrogant.


Let’s go back to Shaytan’s excessive pride, which led him to think ignorantly. He says, addressing Allah (SWT), what can be translated as, "I am not one to prostrate myself to man, whom You did create from sounding clay, from mud molded into shape.” (TMQ, 15:33). His point of view is that fire is stronger and higher in status than clay, so how is it possible that the stronger and higher prostrates to the weaker and the lower? His pride rendered him blind in front of the truth. The nature of fire is burning, while the nature of clay is goodness, blessing and feeding people. The nature of fire is violence and recklessness, while the nature of clay is firmness and stability. Although the fire has some benefits, there is evil inherent within. As for clay; it cannot bear evil since it is full of benefits. Can you see how Allah (SWT) has been so generous in our creation? Sometimes we do exactly as Shaytan did with regard to this point and we misunderstand while making comparisons. For example, we leave boys and girls to mix freely as they want, because if we separate them they will be repressed and they will miss each other. Sometimes we follow the Shaytan and start thinking that we can leave the boys and girls to have free relations with each other so they won’t have any suppression later on. This is the way we think sometimes, right? Nevertheless, you have to avoid this devilish thinking and realize the consequences. Notice what happened in the West, where lust is everywhere and open to everyone, until people started heading into perversions. Limiting the relationships between boys and girls to marriage helps to maintain the pure instinct, which in turn keeps the human desire burning after marriage rather than destroying it before marriage and corrupting man.


Back to Shaytan when he says what can be translated as, "You have created me" (TMQ, 38:76). Here he admitted Allah’s (SWT) creation. In another verse he swears by Allah’s (SWT) glory "by Your glory" as he admits Allah's (SWT) glory and in a third verse that can be translated as, "Give me then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected" (TMQ, 7:14). Thus, Shaytan did not deny that Allah (SWT) is the Creator but his problem was being disobedient (Allah (SWT) is our God, but has no right to say “do that” and “don’t do that”). He considered that obeying Allah (SWT) and His creation of us are two different issues; that Allah (SWT) has created us but we wander about in the world as we like. This is not true. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment…" (TMQ, 7:54). Thus He who creates, orders as well. Beware of falling into that mistake of separating between creation and obedience. Another verse clarifies what can be translated as, "It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision". (TMQ, 33:36).


Islam is the name of our religion, which means submission to Allah (SWT) and to his orders. Being a Muslim means being submissive to Allah (SWT). Shaytan's problem is that he has not submitted to Allah (SWT), although he is fully aware of Allah’s (SWT) glory and that Allah (SWT) is the only Creator. Is any one suffering from such a problem? The problem is not in disobeying but the problem is in saying “No” to disobedience and rejecting sins.


Has Shaytan stopped at this extent? No, but he declared war on Adam (PBUH). Read Surat Al-Araf (chapter of “The Heights”) verses 11-13, and always remember that Shaytan is your enemy. “And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being); then We told the angels, "Prostrate yourselves to Adam", and they prostrated themselves, except Iblis (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrated themselves. Allah) said: "What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate yourself, when I commanded you?" Iblis said: "I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay." (Allah) said: "(O Iblis) get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced." (TMQ, 7:11-13).


Also declare to Allah (SWT) that Shaytan is your archenemy. “Surely, Shaytan is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. He only invites his followers so that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire.” (TMQ, 35:6).


The Holy Qur’an displays Shaytan's point of view and gives him the chance to express it freely. But Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "(O Iblis) get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced." (TMQ, 7:13) The word “humiliated” (saghereen) in the verse is derived from the word “the smallest” (as-ghar) in Arabic, which is the opposite of “the biggest” (akbar) [the root form of the word “arrogant” (takkabar)]. The verse conveys that anyone who behaves arrogantly on earth is doomed to be humiliated and disgraced by Allah (SWT). Thus, if you become proud, you will be humiliated and belittled and will be crushed by people's feet on the Day of Judgment.


The verse following these verses, can be translated as, "Give me then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected” (TMQ, 7:14), shows that he will stay alive until the Day of Judgment. This means that his enmity and hatred is directed to every human being, not only Adam (PBUH). Can you realize how much he hates the human race? He prayed to Allah (SWT) to keep him alive until the Resurrection Day. Allah (SWT) agreed and responded to his request, "You are of those given respite." (TMQ, 7:15). One of the generation following the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Don't be deceived with your vices or defects. Allah has responded to the prayers of the most evil creature (Shaytan), so wouldn't He respond to yours and accept them?"


In the next verse, Shaytan says, what can be translated as, "(Iblis) said: "Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path" (TMQ, 7:16). Do you perceive Shaytan’s rudeness in addressing Allah (SWT) when saying that Allah (SWT) has sent him astray? Allah forbid!


Some people do that; they say, “ What can I do? Allah did this to me! If Allah had rightly guided me, I would have been on the right way; I wanted to be good, but Allah has put me with the company bad friends, and so I got lost!” Beware of that impudence with Allah (SWT).


Shaytan says to Allah (SWT) that he won't go to those who always go nightclubs, but I will lie in wait for anyone who walks in Your path and I will spoil it, taking him away from that path. Thus, Shaytan saves all his efforts for the believers and does not care much about the disobedient. The more the number of believers’ increases, the more he becomes tired. Ibn al-‘Abbas said that someone came to him and told him that the Jews had claimed that Shaytan did not whisper evil to them during their prayers. Why would Shaytan whisper evil to them when their prayer is mainly false?


Hence, the more you go along the right path, the more Shaytan lurks there waiting for you. Such is the battle between you and Shaytan, and when it gets fiercer with the depth and power of your belief, he will gather his soldiers against you. Will you give up, get weak and lose the battle?


In the next verse that can be translated as, "Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones." (TMQ, 7:17). Shaytan mentions four directions (right-left-back-front) while originally there are 6 directions. He did not mention the direction where the person prostrates to Allah while praying (down below), and the direction that is opened for the prayers and set as an outlet for Allah’s (SWT) mercy to people (from above).


One of the most serious methods of misguidance that Shaytan uses is making us discontent with Allah's (SWT) grace. Allah (SWT) has warned us from this in the Holy Qur’an by saying what can be translated as, “You will not find most of them as thankful ones", because when we feel thankful to Allah (SWT) we will continue worshipping and loving Him. Shaytan tries hard to make us forget Allah's (SWT) blessings. Beware of forgetting Allah's (SWT) blessings and graces. Allah (SWT) has sent the whole chapter of Quraysh in the Holy Qur’an to show the danger of forgetting Allah's (SWT) grace: “(It is a great Grace from Allah) for the protection of the Quraysh, (We cause) the (Quraysh) caravans to set forth safely in winter and in summer, So let them worship (Allah) the Lord of this House (the Ka’ba in Makkah), (He) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear." (TMQ, 106:1-4).


Allah (SWT) says in Surat An-Nisaa (chapter “The Women”) what can be translated as, "Allah cursed him. And he [shaytan] said: "I will take an appointed portion of your slaves." (TMQ, 4:118). Do you see how Shaytan speaks about us? He wants us to be lost. “Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires” (TMQ, 4:119). He whispers evil to the youth, and beautifies sins before their eyes, like secret marriage, disobeying parents, ignoring studies, as well as luring girls to take off their Hijab on their wedding days. “…and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the nature created by Allah." (TMQ, 4:119), like the modern hairstyles and dyes, and guys wearing earrings. “And whoever takes Shaytan as a Wali (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss. He (Shaytan) makes promises to them, and arouses in them false desires; and Shaytan’s promises are nothing but deceptions. The dwelling of such (people) is Hell, and they will find no way of escape from it.” (TMQ, 4:119-121).


Allah (SWT) says in Surat Al-Israa (the Night Journey) what can be translated as: "And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves unto Adam." They prostrated themselves except Iblis. He said: "Shall I prostrate myself to one whom You created from clay?" (Iblis) said: "See this one whom You have honored above me, if You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) all but a few!" (TMQ, 17:61-62). Can you sense Shaytan’s hatred and rudeness? The Arabic word used (ahtanekan) and translated into “seize”, came from the word (hanak) that means mouth or jaw. This means that he will put the bridle around your mouth, exactly like putting the bridle around the jaw of an animal. Has he succeeded in putting the bridle around your mouth? Have you taken the bridle off? Read the Holy Qur’an with all your heart, "(Allah) said, "Go, and whosoever of them follows you, surely Hell will be the recompense of you (all) - an ample recompense." (TMQ, 17:63). Any one who accepts your bridle deserves to go to hell with the devils.


"And befool them gradually, those whom you can among them, with your voice; make assaults on them with your cavalry and your infantry; share with them wealth and children, and make promises to them." But Satan promises them nothing but deceit." (TMQ, 17:64). This verse shows the battle between Shaytan and us: he starts calling and asking his cavalry, soldiers from mankind or from jinn. It is the same voice he uses when he whispers suggestions of sexual excitement or for seeking ill-gotten gains in your ears. This is besides his sharing in your money by wasting it in useless things. As for youth, he urges them marry corrupted people and bring up devilish children. This is why you have to choose your spouse carefully so that Shaytan gets no share in your children.


Has Shaytan succeeded in carrying out his threats?


1. TMQ=Translation of the Meaning of the Qur'an. This translation is for the realized meaning, so far, of the stated (Surah:Ayah) of the Qur'an. Reading the translated meaning of the Qur'an can never replace reading it in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed.


2. Editor’s note: Often, with the stories of the Biblical Prophets, the scholars have used Isra’iliyat—these are stories or explanations that came to us through Jews and Christians who accepted Islam. These stories are neither found in the Qur’an nor in the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) but may come from the Bible or oral traditions. The Isra’iliyat are only used to add detail to the prophets’ stories if they do not contradict the Qur’an or Sunnah; cited in this text by (Isra’iliyat) or (Isr.)


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Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, says what can be translated as, “And indeed Iblîs (Satan’s name) did prove true his thought about them: and they followed him,” (TMQ, 34:20) (1). Iblîs thought that once he pointed to Man, he (man) would respond to him at altogether, “all except a group of true believers”. (TMQ, 34:20).

You will see Iblîs on the Day of Judgment in hell, leaning on a column to be seen by all the people in hell, while delivering the most famous speech in history. “And Shaytân (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: "Verily, Allâh promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allâh (by obeying me in the worldly life). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers)’ ”. (TMQ, 14:22).

Have you felt his enmity towards you?

Shaytan has his soldiers, he makes promises [for things that we desire], and he shares in our wealth and families, and you have soldiers and fortresses more powerful than he does. You have these eleven different soldiers and fortifications:

1. Seeking refuge with Allah: Once you resort to Allah, seeking refuge from Shaytan. Allah says what can be translated as, “And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaytân, then seek refuge with Allâh. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower” (TMQ, 7:200). Shaytan has no power over you since he is “the whisperer who withdraws”. Allah set “the whisperer” and "who withdraws" beside each other, because “the evil whisperer” “withdraws from his whispering to one's heart after one remembers Allah”.

2. Dhikr (remembrances) of Allah: By continuously glorifying Him, saying “Glory to Allah, the Greatest” (sobhaan Allah al-Atheem), and “Praise be to Allah” (Alhamdu lillah).

3. Reciting the Ma'audhatayn: (the last two surahs of the Qur’an: Al-Falaq and An-Naas) every morning and evening. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) recommends reading them to avoid evil.

4. Reciting Ayat-al-Kursi: (the Verse of the Chair/Throne). Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “When you go to your bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi, (2:255) for then there will be a guard from Allah who will protect you all night long, and Shaytan will not be able to come near you until dawn." (Bukhari) Recite it also after performing each prayer.

5. Reading Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow): Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “Shaytan cannot come near the house whose people read Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow)”. (Muslim)

6. Saying “There is no God but Allah, He who has no partner, owns everything, and to Whom we are all thankful. Allah is capable of everything; has the power to create life and death.”: Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “Whoever says this 100 times daily is saved from Shaytan”. (Bukhari)

7. Ablution (wudhu): Shaytan is created from fire, which is extinguished by water.

8. Lowering one's gaze: The gaze allows a wide entrance for Shaytan.

9. Seeking the company of dutiful Muslims: Shaytan is always with the loner.

10. Prayers (salat): Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, “If a man performs the Fajr (dawn) prayers and prostrates in worship, Shaytan says, “Woe to you! Man is ordered to prostrate and he did, hence his reward is Paradise. I was ordered to prostrate but I disobeyed, and my punishment is Hell”. (Sahih Muslim, 81)

11. Repentance (taubah): When Shaytan said to Allah, “I swear by Your Glory and Exaltedness to lure them”, Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, replied what means, “I swear by My Glory and Exaltedness to forgive them as long as they ask My forgiveness”.

Have you awakened to the battle and perceived the soldiers and fortresses that Allah has granted you? You are stronger and much more powerful, so don't be afraid. Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, says what means, “Will you then take him (Iblîs) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you? How evil is the exchange for the Zâlimûn (polytheists, and wrong-doers).” (TMQ, 18:50).

Shaytan was driven away from Paradise and it remained for Adam only. He lived alone, and so he felt lonely; he needed someone. Hawwa’ (Eve) was created from his rib while he was asleep. When he woke up, he found her beside him, he asked her:

- “Who are you?”

- “I am a woman”.

- “What's your name?”

- “Hawwa’”.

- “Why have you been created?”

- ”So that you may find repose in me”. (Isra’iliyat) (2).


Commenting on this:

• Why did she say “woman”?

Because she was created from “man”, so “woman” is part of “man”, and therefore the noun is derived from the noun “man”.


• Why was she called Hawwa’?

Because she was created from something alive (Hai in Arabic), i.e. Adam's rib.


• Why was she created while he was asleep?

So that he would not feel the pain of creation, which might cause some change in his heart toward her and prevent him from treating her tenderly.


Imam Al-Qurtubi in describing this point, “so that he would not feel the pain of her creation” says. “She was created while he was sleeping so that his heart would not change against her, because men are not dominated by emotions (affection, companionship, etc.). Hence, if he had felt the pain when she was created, he would have become annoyed with her as she had caused him pain.”


Can you imagine woman's pain while giving birth to her child? Emotions in woman dominate all other feelings, so her emotions increase with the increase of pain.

Can you appreciate the difference between man and woman?


The meaning of “to find repose in me” is to achieve reassurance and comfort on earth. Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, says what means “And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them” (TMQ, 30:21). So Woman was created as a symbol for repose, comfort and reassurance on earth. “Feeling reassured” refers to feeling comfortable and safe in a settled place, without which man becomes lost. Whenever Allah mentions Adam and Hawwa’, He mentions “to find repose in her”. The woman is able to make her house like Hell or make it full of comfort and safety.


Khadijah (RA) was a real comfort to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and she succeeded in achieving the target of her existence as a woman. Hence, when she died she deserved that moment when Jibril (AS) (Gabriel) descended from Heaven and told Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): "O Prophet of Allah! Give salutations to Khadija with Allah's peace. Tell her Allah heralds you with a palace made of mother-of-pearl". (Bukhari, Muslim)


Hawwa’ was created from a part of Adam. You may wonder: could she be created separately? Why was she created from Adam? Allah-be He Exalted and Glorified- says what means, "O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife…" (TMQ, 4:1). This is to make man feel that woman is part of him; therefore, Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH) last advice was, "Take good care of women". (Bukhari)


Note that Adam was created from earth’s dust while Hawwa’ was created from his rib. Each of them was created from the part he or she will deal with: Adam will deal with the earth, whether as a wrestler, a farmer or a fighter, and Hawwa’ will deal with children and husbands and motherhood. Thus, Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, wanted to create everything from the origin of what it will deal with.


Furthermore, Hawwa’ was created from a crooked rib. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says, "Take good care of women. Woman was created from a rib, and the most crooked part of a rib is its uppermost part. If you start to straighten it, it might be broken, and if you leave it, it keeps its crooked shape. Hence, take good care of women". (Bukhari)


Hawwa’ was created from Adam's left rib, which is crooked because the function of the left rib is to protect the heart from injury. Therefore, the heart is surrounded by a crooked rib that protects it. Being created from a crooked rib does not signify that she is bad in behavior. Emotion is the dominating dimension in women, and most of the time it dominates logic so that woman would be able to practice her tenderness and kindness. The crookedness of the rib is something natural that helps the woman to perform her job. Be careful not to tell her, "Don't be jealous or don't get worried." because this would be "breaking" her. Also, do not tell her, "don't think with your heart, think with your mind". Beware of breaking her heart, because this would be breaking her essence.


There is another meaning mentioned by Imam Al-Qurtubi:


- The Angels said to Adam: "Do you love her Adam?"

- Adam said: "Yes".

- The Angels asked Hawwa’, "Hawwa’, do you love him?"

- She answered, "No!", though deep in her heart she had more love for him than he had for her.


Al-Qurtubi comments on this saying, "If women were honest in expressing their feelings of love to their husbands, Hawwa’ would have been the first to do it".


In Surat Taha in the Holy Qur’an, Allah says what can be translated as, "And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves to Adam." They prostrated themselves (all) except Iblîs; he refused. Then We said: "O Adam! Verily, this is an enemy to you and to your wife. So let him not get you both out of Paradise, so that you will be distressed. Verily, you have (a promise from Us) that you will never be hungry therein nor naked. And you (will) suffer not from thirst therein nor from the sun's heat." (TMQ, 20:116-119).


This verse shows four blessings granted by Allah to Adam:

1- He would never feel hungry.

2- He would never feel thirsty.

3- He would never feel hot (the weather was not hot at all, as there was shade everywhere).

4- He would never be naked, as Allah would conceal his private parts.


When first created, Adam did not feel naked, and neither did Hawwa’. Man did not know nakedness from the first moment. Then, when was nakedness known? It was known when Adam went astray from Allah's path. The more humankind develops and strays far away from Allah’s path, the more nakedness increases.


In Surat Al-A'râf (the Heights) verse 19, Allah says what can be translated as, "And O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in Paradise, and eat thereof as you both wish, but approach not this tree otherwise you both will be of the Zâlimûn (unjust and wrong-doers)." (TMQ, 7:19).


This means, "Adam you can eat whatever you want, except the fruits of this specific tree". You can also notice that Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, prepared Paradise for both Adam and Hawwa’, and not for Adam alone.


Then, how could Adam not consider this? You have many trees in your life, but you insist on one specific tree, and you don't want anything except this tree. You say to yourself, "I must drink alcohol." although there are many other drinks that are allowed to you.


Why did Adam seek from the forbidden tree? It was the same entrance that Shaytan uses with every one of us. Shaytan makes you see what you do not possess as more beautiful, more desirable and better than what you already have. This is a wicked trick played by Shaytan to make you go after the forbidden rather than the lawful and permissible, or at least he makes you hate what is permissible. For example, the husband whose wife is so beautiful and respectable and exerts all efforts to satisfy him; such a man might be attracted to another woman who might be less pretty than his wife. Shaytan makes her [the forbidden woman] more beautiful in the man's eyes despite the fact that he already has what is permitted.


Shaytan wants you to run after the forbidden or hate what you have in your hands so you will not thank Allah or be grateful to Him. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "and you will not find most of them as grateful". This is a strong method used by Satan to attack us. Adam's tree is repeated in several forms with all of us. Try to struggle against yourself even once, you will feel such a sweet feeling that you have never sensed before. You will feel your power, strong will and strength instead of being Shaytan’s captive. Get rid of Shaytan’s curb and you will feel extreme happiness+ the Angels' happiness for you+ Allah's happiness for you.


In Surat Al-A'râf (The Heights) verse 20, Allah says what can be translated as, "Then Shaytaan whispered suggestions to them both…” (TMQ, 7:20). Note Allah's choice of words "whispered", which indicates Shaytan’s insistence. Can you recognize the miraculous nature of the Holy Qur’an? “…in order to uncover that which was hidden from them of their private parts (before)” (TMQ, 7:20); Satan wants nakedness, so beware girls of exposing your body, or of allowing any man to touch you except after marriage, or allowing any man to hold your hand or kiss you. “…he (Shaytan) said, ‘Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except that you should become angels or become of the immortals.’ ”( TMQ, 7:20).


In Surat Taha the Shaytan said to Adam what can be translated as, "O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that will never waste away?" (TMQ, 20:120). In this context Shaytan called it "Tree of Eternity". There is no tree with this name, and so Shaytan tricked them and all of us all this time.


Shaytan called atheism “creativity” or “freedom”, and called nakedness “fashion”. A young man would say, "I will not commit adultery, I will just go out with that girl and we will sit alone. I will not commit adultery, God Forbid!" In such a context the names are changed, and Shaytan starts to fix the wrong names in your mind until you yourself change.


The following verse from Surat Al-A'râf, can be translated as, "And he (Shaytân) swore by Allah to them both that he was their sincere adviser.” (TMQ, 7:21) (i.e. he falsely swore by Allah to them, which is the second sin committed after pride.) This in itself indicates that Adam did not respond directly to Shaytan, who tried more than once until he falsely swore [it was true]. However, with you, Shaytan does not need to swear to you to push you to commit sins because you respond right away. “Verily, I am one of the sincere well-wishers for you both." (TMQ, 7:21).


Adam and Hawwa’ had a pure nature; therefore, when they found Shaytan swearing by Allah, they could not imagine that there could be anyone who dares to swear by Allah falsely.


"So he misled them with deception…" (TMQ, 7:22) Shaytan started to push them gradually. Notice the beautiful Qur’anic expressions used to exemplify how Shaytan took gradual steps to humiliate them. Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified told them to keep away from the tree, but Shaytan told them to sit beside the tree. In other words, Shaytan will not suggest to you directly to drink alcohol, but will urge you to accompany someone who drinks. Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, says in Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow), "Satan misled them away from it" (TMQ, 2:36).


"Then when they tasted of the tree…” (TMQ, 7:22). The word "tasted" here makes clear that just tasting the tree’s fruit angered Allah. Hence, never say, "I will just ‘taste’ sin and will not [really] do it”. “…that which was hidden from them of their shame (private parts) became manifest to them" (TMQ, 7:22). Note how all the verses focus on the same meaning—private parts and nakedness—because this is a serious issue that will drive humanity to Hell. "And they began to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise (in order to cover their shame)." (TMQ, 7:22). Adam and Hawwa’ ran to grab the leaves of the trees of Paradise to cover themselves. Do you see how shy they were? How do you dare look at nakedness through the Internet and satellite channels?


"And their Lord called out to them (saying): ‘Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you: Verily Shaytan is an open enemy unto you’" (TMQ, 7:22). Allah asked them, as He will do with us. What will your answer be when Allah calls you and asks, "Why did you do this? Why did you do that? Have not I prohibited you from doing this?"


On the Day of Judgment Allah, be He Exalted and Glorified, says, "O my slave! You underestimated meeting me. Have I been so insignificant to you, or have I not been watching your eyes when they were looking at the forbidden? Have I not been watching your lips when they were saying the forbidden? What mislead you from My path, my slave? What misled you from My path? O my slave! Read your book! “Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you: Verily Shaytan is an open enemy unto you” (TMQ, 7:22).


Here, at the end of my speech, I want to say that Adam and Hawwa’ were expelled from Paradise, and they didn't know what to do:


- Allah (SWT) said, "Are you running to escape from me Adam?"


- Adam replied, "No Allah, I am running because I’m ashamed of myself".


The main lessons learned from this lecture:

1. Beware of conceit.

2. Declare war against Shaytan and consider him your enemy.

3. Beware of the steps taken by Shaytan to control you, and resort to the eleven fortifications we mentioned.


Dear brother, your wife is your comfort. Dear sister, your husband is your comfort.



1) TMQ=Translation of the Meaning of the Qur'an. This translation is for the realized meaning, so far, of the stated (Surah:Ayah) of the Qur'an. Reading the translated meaning of the Qur'an can never replace reading it in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed.

2) Editor’s note: Often, with the stories of the Biblical Prophets, the scholars have used Isra’iliyat—stories or explanations that came to us through Jews and Christians who accepted Islam. These stories are neither found in the Qur’an nor in the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) but may come from the Bible or oral traditions. The Isra’iliyat are only used to add detail to the prophets’ stories if they do not contradict the Qur’an or Sunnah. They will be cited in this text by either (Isra’iliyat) or (Isr.).



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This Article may be published and duplicated freely for private purposes, as long as the original source is mentioned. For all other purposes you need to obtain the prior written approval of the website administration. For info: dar_altarjama[at]amrkhaled(contact admin if its a beneficial link)

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The creation of Adam, as told in the Qur'an:




We will discuss the creation of Adam (AS) in three Ayahs (verses) only, (from Ayah 30 to a small part of Ayah 33 of Surat al-Baqara (second Surah in the Qur’an) since these Ayahs form the core of our existence.




The story of Adam (AS) is mentioned 25 times in 25 Ayahs of the Qur'ööan with the same meaning. This same story is told with different portrayals, which indicates the miraculous nature, beauty of style and wording, and precision of meaning in the Qur'an. You will never become weary of these 25 times and this is the beauty of the Qur'an originating from Allah (SWT).




The first time Adam's story is mentioned is in Surat al-Baqara, it is rather the first story narrated in the Qur'an on the second page.




You might wonder why this is the first story in the Qur'an? It is because it holds within it the mystery of existence until the Day of Judgment. Anything we might need to live a pure, clean, righteous and happy life in this world and the hereafter is there inside; so we should know Adam's story.




You will find that, in these Ayahs, the story of Adam (AS) deals with everything that occurs in our life and also deals with what spoils it. The story of Adam (AS) is the archetype that should remain strong in our minds so as to determine the path we take in this life. Let us start with Ayah 30. In this Ayah, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels, ‘Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.’” (TMQ, 2: 30)[1]. Let us start with the word ‘when.’ There is no superfluous word in the Qur'an and this word makes us visualize the event. The word ‘said’ gives a feeling of the ancient past and the word ‘when’ makes it real as if you are watching it right now.




"Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth," (TMQ, 2:30). or what could also be translated as “I will create a vicegerent on earth.” Do you think Allah (SWT) is consulting His angels about whether to create Adam (AS) or not? Allah (SWT) forbid! He is going to create Adam (AS) and is only telling His angels that they are going to play a role in these peoples’ lives, so they should know about them. This is a splendid illustration; Allah (SWT) never calls anyone to account without making things clear for him first. Allah (SWT) could say, “Oh, my angels! Prostrate yourselves before Adam (AS).” They will obey, but Allah (SWT) wanted to begin life on earth by informing the angels about it.




Business Management Science today tells us that in order to convince and maximize interaction with employees, we should not start by giving orders, but rather we should meet with them and start explaining our plan.




This Ayah deals with the period that precedes the creation of Adam (AS). Adam (AS) was originally created to descend down to earth not to stay in the Jannah (paradise), and he was created from the material of the earth to live on it. That is why he was called 'Adam' which might be derived from the Arabic verb ‘adama’ i.e. to make permanent.




You might ask yourself, “If Adam (AS) was created to live on earth, why did he live in the Jannah first?” Well, he had to go through life in heaven before earth, because it is his final home. The Jannah is Adam's (AS) homeland, and you realize that your father is originally from the Jannah. As a poet said, “Salute the Garden of Eden, it is our homeland and in it is our campsite.” I wonder whether there will be a day when we return home and end this exile we live in.




Thank Allah (SWT) for starting our existence in the Jannah. Among the first things that our father saw were fruits, rivers, and the palaces of the Jannah. Do you understand now why he experienced life in the Jannah at first, before earth?




Adam (AS) was sent down to earth on a mission but his original home that he will return to is the Jannah.




You might wonder again and say, “Why did Satan whisper to Adam (AS) and make him eat from the tree, and therefore disobey Allah (SWT) so that this whole story would happen? Weren’t we descending down to earth anyway?”




I tell you, Allah (SWT) wanted to give us an example of how Satan seduces man to commit sin, and how mankind can repent.




When we were children we were taught mathematical theorems like Pythagoras Theorem and we were then given some sample exercises to apply the theory, and if we made a mistake we could refer back to the rules. Allah (SWT) wanted to give us an already solved exercise. Whenever we find ourselves unable to act, we just need to look at that solved exercise: the story of Adam (AS).




Do you see how Satan deceived Adam (AS)? In the same way he deceives us over and over again.




Look at the story of the forbidden tree. It is just like the glass of wine, adultery, or any type of temptation. The forbidden tree recurs thousands of times in our lives; Satan's style, repentance, and Allah's forgiveness all recur thousands of times in our lives.




Do you realize now why the repetition occurs 25 times? Some tendentious and obstinate people say that the Qur'an is full of repetitions. Yes, it is; and that is intended for those who do not understand the concept from one reading, so it is repeated for them to understand; and for those who forget the story of their origin, it is therefore repeated for them.




The aim of this story, with its examples of sin, and repentance, is that when you are resurrected for account on the Day of Judgment, you will not say, “Oh, Allah, I was never informed!” No, the already solved example is here in front of you. Allah (SWT) will not let us say, “Oh Allah, I was not informed, I did not know.” Each and every one of us was given his chance and a version of this experience.




Why did Allah (SWT) create earth in the first place?




We needed to descend to earth because, as human beings, part of our makeup is that we do not realize the value of things unless we strive to get them; and if we get something easily we do not place much value on it, we then tend to give it away easily and will not be able to appreciate the magnificent blessing we have.




We see this example in ourselves and our relatives; your father has emigrated, struggled for 20 years in the Gulf, for example. Then you bought a car, took a ride and crashed it. You would not be as sad as your father would be. If you had been the one who bought it, not him, you would have taken care of it and felt the blessing of having it.




Allah (SWT) wanted us to go down to earth so that we may long to return to the Jannah, realizing its value. Therefore, only believers lived on earth. Why? Because they were the ones who longed for the Jannah; and those who did not, would pass by the hell. They are the ones who, with great difficulty, resist committing a sin when they could have easily done it because they want to please Allah (SWT), whom they cannot see; besides, they want to go to the Jannah.




I ask you by Allah (SWT), if you worked hard in this world, fasted Mondays and Thursdays while the weather was very hot, prayed in the Masjid when it was bitter cold, obeyed Allah (SWT) and resisted sins, where would your position be when the doors of the Jannah are being opened? You would enter running and saying, “Is this the Jannah I worked for all my 60 years?” Do you see how delightful this is? This is also Allah's blessing upon us, that He created us with this nature so that we are able to love the Jannah more.




Imagine if you obeyed Allah (SWT) for 20 years and then met Him, what would that moment be like?




Imagine that you are walking along a street, you are tempted to take an unlawful glance; just say to yourself, “No, Allah can see me; I cannot disobey Him while He sees me.” You are about to take forbidden money; say, “I cannot, Allah (SWT) sees me and is watching me right now.” In Surat al-Alaq, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Knows he not that Allah does see (what he does)?” (TMQ, 96: 14), but you do not see Him.




Imagine the Day of Judgment when Allah (SWT) calls out, “Oh my servants! Oh inhabitants of the Jannah! Where are my servants who obeyed me without seeing me? Today is the day of abundance, so ask Me for whatever you want.”




They agree on one thing only; and that is, “Oh Allah, be satisfied with us.”




He says then, “I would never have granted you my Jannah if I were not satisfied with you, but ask Me for something else.” They all agree on another thing; “Let us see Your face so we can look upon it.” His veils then falls down-the 60 years of obedience will seem to be a blessing and joy-and you will see Allah (SWT), so they will see Allah. Nothing they were ever granted since their birth will be as dear to them as the pleasure of looking at Allah's noble face. There will be a long conversation between Allah (SWT) and each one of them. Allah (SWT) will then say to each one, “Oh my servant, I am satisfied with you, but are you satisfied with Me?” Surely the deprived ones are those who did not know Allah (SWT) in this world. The servant then feels ashamed and says, “Of course I am satisfied with you, My Lord.” Allah (SWT) then says, “Do you remember that certain sin which you committed?” The servant says, “Haven't you pardoned me for it?” Allah (SWT) says, “Yes I did, and with my forgiveness for what you did in your first life, you reached this place.”




Do you now understand why we came to this world?




We came so that we could know Allah (SWT); obey Him without seeing Him. Because when we obey Allah (SWT) without seeing Him and long for the Jannah without seeing it, we reach perfection of faith and sincerity, and we are then counted among the people of the Jannah.




You will see Allah (SWT) in the Jannah as long as you obeyed Him without seeing Him in this world.




The Prophet (SAWS[2]) was once asked, "Who has the highest rank in the Jannah?" He answered, "It is he who will see Allah (SWT) in the morning and at night."[3] Our ranks in the Jannah, as far as seeing Allah (SWT), vary according to our obedience to Him without having seen Him in this worldly life.




We reach now the translated phrase, "generations after generations on earth” (TMQ, 2:30) or “a vicegerent on earth.” The meaning of this phrase is that Allah (SWT) created Adam (AS) and his children to be responsible for this earth, and to live a life of obedience. Therefore, Allah (SWT) said, [paraphrased in meaning] “Oh Adam, go down to earth, I will let you and your children live on it generations after generations. You will be My vicegerent on earth and I will subject angels, animals, wind, seas, mountains, and the whole universe to you. Oh Adam, go down and manage the world in a satisfactory way.”




Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "Believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and spend of that whereof He has made you trustees." (TMQ, 57:7) Keep this trust and employ it in obeying Me. I want the whole world to worship Me. You, children of Adam, are responsible for that.




You must keep this Ayah always foremost in your mind. "O Dawud (David)! Verily! We have placed you as a successor on the earth; so judge you between men in truth (and justice) (TMQ, 38:26). We call Abu-Baker (RA) a Caliph (successor of Prophet Muhammad), because he was a successor of the trust left by Prophet Muhammad (SAWS). When you have children, people say, “you now have successors,” which means you have got someone to pass on your name and property. This is on the personal level only.




Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "Truly, We did offer al-Amanah (the trust or moral responsibility) to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. afraid of Allah’s Torment). But man bore it.” (TMQ, 33:72). You are a successor or a vicegerent in this world.




The most important question to ask yourself is: Why have I been created? The ancient civilizations and philosophies had view points about the purpose of our creation.




1. Plato said that God created the universe then He forgot about it. That is why people are fighting and killing one another. Allah (SWT) answers that in what can be translated as, “…and your Lord is never forgetful…" (TMQ, 19:64).

2. Marx said, “God wanted to be amused so he created people to watch them playing and killing one another.” Allah (SWT) answers that in what can be translated as, “Did you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose), and that you would not be brought back to Us? So Exalted be Allah, the True King.” (TMQ, 23:115-116).

3. If we ask people in the streets why they have been created. Do you think they would know the answer or would they only repeat things they memorized without understanding?

4. The well-known American Lebanese poet Ilia Abu-Maddi said in his famous poem ‘Attalasim’


“I came not knowing from where, but I came.


And I saw a pathway in front of me, so I walked.


And I will remain walking, whether I want this or not.


How did I come? I do not know.


How did I see my pathway? I do not know.”




These words do not imply atheism, but they are a sign of misunderstanding. ecause of that, the story of Adam (AS) was mentioned in the first two pages in Surat al-Baqara. The repetition of the story was also necessary. Thus, have you been created only to eat, drink, get married, have children and die?




Is it possible that Allah (SWT) has created this beautiful universe, raised the skies, and made the sun rises in precision for such a purpose? Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day.” (TMQ, 36: 40). In addition, Allah (SWT) sent angels who descend from the heavens to surround us. There are two angels; one on the right and another on the left of each one of us all the time. Allah (SWT) sent divine books from the heavens and sent messengers. Can all that be only for food, drink, marriage and death?




We have been created for two purposes:




Firstly, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).” (TMQ, 51: 56). On the individual level, you need to be obedient to Allah (SWT). You can continue to live your life the way you wish, have fun and go out with your friends. There are youth who are afraid of becoming religious because they think that they will be depressed and deprived, as if they are in a jail. This is not true. What you need to do is to have an intention for every action in your life, and this is how you fulfill the worship in every minute of your life.




Why are you going to have children? Just to enjoy and play with them. No, instead say: I will raise a child who will, after ten years, be someone who prostrate and worship Allah (SWT); someone who will memorize the Holy Qur’an and be like Salah-Uddin (Saladin-the great Muslim leader); someone who will be religious and will do more for Islam than what I was able to do when I was young. With this intention, each moment you spend with your children you will receive thawab (a reward from Allah (SWT)). The time which the mother spends in cooking or cleaning after her children, and the money which the father earns for his family, all this will be counted as hassanat (good deeds) for both of them. This is how they implement the previous Ayah.




You can worship Allah (SWT) in every moment in your life. Omar Ibn Abdul-Aziz (a great Muslim caliph) has never taken any step without having an intention. Once a man asked him to accompany him to visit someone, he said, “Wait a moment for me to review my intention.”




If you want to play soccer and take a reward from Allah (SWT), every drop of sweat can be counted as a good deed with this intention, “I am young and I have energy, which can be used in a sin. My Lord, I will go to play soccer with my friends to use this energy to prevent myself from disobeying you and to get back home tired.” With this intention, whenever you run to catch the ball you will take reward. The intention alone can turn all your life into worship even if you are not in the Masjid.




You work to earn money. Try to make the intention of your work to be making Muslims excel in their work, become successful in life and push Islam forward to be supreme. With such an intention, you receive reward for each moment of your work.




You study because your father told you so. Try to study with the intention of achieving success and distinction that may do something good for Islam. With such an intention, you receive reward every time you hold your pen.




Following this method, we can all worship Allah (SWT) by intention and change our habits into worship. Proper intention can change the habit to worship. Ibnul-Qayem said, “Each breath and each drop of sweat released in this life without being for the sake of Allah (SWT) will become a regret and remorse on the Day of Judgment.” Allah (SWT) has created us to remember Him for 24 hours everyday, not only during the five prayers.


Secondly, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “I will create a vicegerent on earth.” or “Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.” (TMQ, 2:30). This Ayah means that we are created also to fix this universe. The first question you will be asked on the Day of Judgment, “What did you do in life? What did you add?”




The first thing you will be asked about is the praying. This question is related to the worship. However, you will be asked about your belief before your worship. When asked, many youth would say, “I do not know, I just fasted.” No, this is a wrong answer.




Instead you should say that your existence in life was for two reasons:


1. To worship Allah (SWT) every moment in your life and feel the enjoyment on the personal level


2. To spread goodness around you and guide people to Allah (SWT).




The Prophet (SAWS) said in a Good Hadith, “Enjoin good and forbid evil otherwise Allah (SWT) will punish you then you pray to Him, but He will not respond to you.[4]”




If you asked a man, “Does your wife pray?” Do your children pray? He may say, “It is none of my business, the important thing is that they eat and drink.”




Be a vicegerent, but “… and argue with them in a way that is better,” (TMQ, 16:125), and be gentle when you guide people to Allah (SWT). Each one of us is a vicegerent in the place where Allah (SWT) has placed him. Do not say, “Am I the one who will fix the whole universe?” Not necessarily, but you can fix your area, your neighbor, your sister.




Sheikh al-Sha’rawy (the great Egyptian scholar) said, “Man has forsaken the truth of his existence over the course of history and forgot that he is a vicegerent on earth.”




Now the population on earth is six billion. How many of them believe in Allah (SWT)? How many are disbelievers? How many do not believe in anything and are lost?




Every night ask yourself what are you going to say to Allah (SWT) on the Day of Judgment? Were you a vicegerent or not?




Ibrahim Ibn-Adham, who was one of the great good successors, did not begin his life being obedient but he was playing with horses. He had no aim but riding his horse and go hunting, like many youth nowadays. He was very rich. Once, while he was on his horse, an old man came and held the bridle of his horse and said to him a few words that turned his life upside down. Concentrate and try to hear them with your mind and heart. “O Ibrahim, is this why you were created for or by this you were commanded?” Ibrahim said, “After I heard these words, I spent the night thinking is this why I was created for or by this was I commanded? Only then I knew my Lord and returned to Allah (SWT). It was my day of birth when I understood the meaning of the Ayah which can be translated as, “I will create a vicegerent on earth.”(TMQ, 2:30).




During the reign of Caliph Abu–Bakr As-Sidiq (RA), there was a horse race in a city in Palestine. Bilal (RA), one of the companions of the prophet (SAWS), was in this city at that time. During the race, Bilal (RA) was standing away when he saw a young man passing next to him. He was very busy by the race, and asked him, “Who won?” Bilal (RA) said, “The nearest to Allah (SWT).” The youth said, “I am asking you about the race (of the horses).” Bilal said, “And I am guiding you to the goodness.”




Ibn–Taymiyah (a successor) said, “The people of this life are pitiful, they left the life without knowing the best thing in life. Then he was asked, “What is the best thing in life?” He said, “Knowing Allah, fulfilling the commands of Allah (SWT), pleasing Allah, and guiding people to His way.”




Abdul-Qader al-Kilany (a successor) said, “Whenever I guide someone to Allah (SWT), my soul becomes satisfied and I feel that I do not need food or drink anymore.”




Let us continue the ayah where Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “They said, ‘Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood,-While we glorify You we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify You.’" (TMQ, 2:30). The angels said that because they were afraid that they fell short in their duties to Allah (SWT), and that Allah (SWT) wanted to substitute or exchange them.




Is any obedient servant of Allah (SWT) afraid of being substituted or exchanged? You should be afraid that you may get lost after Allah (SWT) has guided you. Substitution occurs at the moment you feel pride because of your obedience. Whenever you think the Hijab (cover for hair for women), prayers in Masjid or attending religious lecture and crying out of being emotionally affected, these are the epic of obedience. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And if you turn away (from Islam and the obedience to Allah), He will exchange you for some other people and they will not be your likes.” (TMQ, 47:38).




Abu-Bakr (RA) said, “Even if one of my feet is in the Jannah and the other one is out, I am firm, and obedient to You My Lord.”




How did the angels know that man is going to make mischief and shed blood? The earth, before Adam (AS), was ruled by Jinn who made great mischief. They shed blood, killed each other, and created havoc. As a result, Allah (SWT) sent down angels in order to dismiss Jinn from earth and confine them to sea islands. Since that time, the Jinn have been dwelling in the sea islands. This is how the angels knew before the creation what is going to happen.




There is another beautiful remark. Did you notice Allah's mercy when he let the angels converse with Him? Some parents bring up their children on the assumption that they know everything, while their children know nothing; and that children should do what their parents order them without even thinking. You should teach your children how to engage in discussions. We should learn from this Ayah the word “they said.” They did not say their opinion out of opposition. Some men, without citing reasons, order their wives not to leave the house in a very oppressive way. There is also a known Hadith which says, “Consult them, and then do the opposite.” This Hadith is weak. Imagine when your wife tells you her view point regarding something then you tell her, “You think so? I will do the opposite.” This is not a proper way; you should consult her.




Another remark regarding the following part of the Ayah which can be translated as, "…we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify You" (TMQ, 2: 30). In pertinence to this Ayah, the Prophet (SAWS) narrates that while on al-Mi'raj (the Prophet’s ascension to the seventh Heaven), he heard a voice in the sky coming from all directions, saying, "Glorified be Allah the Exalted, the Most High." After a short while he heard, "Glorified be Allah, the Incomparably Great." They were the angels glorifying Allah (SWT). You see? Allah (SWT) does not need us, so glorify Him. The Prophet (SAWS) says, "He who says, ‘Glorified be Allah, and all praise is due to Him,’ a hundred times in a day, all his sins are forgiven, even if they are as much as sea foam.”[5] Therefore, you should glorify Allah (SWT) as much as you can.




Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "I know that which you do not know" (TMQ, 2: 30). It is true that there will be human beings who will shed blood and kill each other; but, on the other hand, there will be true believers; prophets; messengers; martyrs and honest people. A young man, who remains submissive to Allah (SWT) amidst abundant sins and turmoil, is dearer to Allah (SWT) than an earth full of disbelievers and sinners. Allah (SWT) created the universe for you. Think before you disobey Him; for He knows everything, and you know nothing. You are the one meant by this Ayah. You see how dear you are to Allah (SWT)?




In the next Ayah, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as "And He taught Adam all the names (of everything)" (TMQ, 2:31). This Ayah refers to the names of in-animate bodies, animals, plants, angels, and means of technology…etc, for example, the sea contains fish and the fishnet should be thrown in the sea in a certain way to catch fish. Then, you should rub two stones together to produce fire, so that you can grill fish and eat it. This seed is called ‘wheat.’ You can plant it in the soil until the rain falls and the seed grows to be a plant.




Adam (AS) was not just a pious man; he was also knowledgeable in the matters of the universe. Allah (SWT) taught him the names because He destined him to be a vicegerent on earth. Accordingly, he should be experienced in earthly matters. How could he be a vicegerent on earth if he was a failure?




Do you want to be a vicegerent on earth? You might say, “I pray regularly, I am even the Imam of the Masjid, but I am not successful in my studies.” Subsequently, you are a failure. Even more, you are a sinner; since you did not fulfill the requirements of becoming a vicegerent. In order to undertake this responsibility, you should have two things, religion and knowledge.




Religion without knowledge amounts to failure. Knowledge without religion amounts to sin and disobedience. Religion and knowledge should go together. A housewife who prays and does her housework, but is concerned more with attending Qur'an lessons does not understand her role quite well. Her role as a vicegerent is to succeed at home first. It was not proper for Adam (AS) to inhabit the earth before learning. We want a successful Muslim. Omar Ibnul-Khattab (RA) says, "I am not cunning, but the cunning can not deceive me." We want a successful Muslim who studies not only to pass the exam but also to be useful to Islam. Do you see the value of education and knowledge in Islam? In spite of the first Ayah, "And He taught Adam all the names (of everything)" (TMQ, 2:31), 50% of our nation is illiterate, and our youths are not cultured. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur'an what can be translated as, "Allah will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge." (TMQ, 58:11). He who fails in his studies and does not want to succeed is a sinner. The Hadith says, "He who follows a path in which he seeks knowledge, Allah (SWT) facilitates for him a path to the Jannah."[6] Allah (SWT), His angels and the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth, even the ant in its burrow and the whale, bless those who teach people goodness.”[7] Do you see the value of knowledge?




In the next Ayah, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "…then He showed them to the angels and said, 'Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful." (TMQ, 2: 31). The angels know only about religion; they have nothing to do with worldly affairs. "They (angels) said, 'Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us'" (TMQ, 2:32). Then Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “He said,’ O Adam! Inform them of their names.’” (TMQ, 2:33). Hence, Adam (AS) named this and that, he explained how this plant is irrigated this way; and how food is obtained that way. The angels were amazed, therefore Allah (SWT) told them what can be translated as, “Did I not tell you…” (TMQ, 2:33) (i.e. that there is a human being who is going to be a believer and at the same time experienced in worldly affairs?)




It is as if the world was created for the believers who master both worldly and religious affairs. You have to be keen on making your own imprint on life: religion; knowledge; reforming people and society. What have you added to life? Mustafa Sadeq ar-Raf'ie says, "If you do not add something to life, then you are redundant."




The angels rendered that their job is only Allah’s worship. Hence, Allah (SWT) calls on Adam (AS) (since he is a worshipper like all of you, but he has experience in worldly affairs and he knows good and evil) and ordered the angels to prostrate before him. Did you notice when the prostration occurred? It occurred after Adam (AS) had mastered both religion and worldly affairs. If you, as well, master both religion and worldly affairs, you deserve angels to prostrate before you, for you will be similar to Adam (AS) when the angels prostrated before him.




Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "We said to the angels, ' Prostrate yourselves before Adam.'" (TMQ, 2:34). Did all the angels prostrate before Adam (AS)? Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together." (TMQ, 15:30). It was an honoring ceremony for Adam (AS). Is it acceptable to prostrate before someone other than Allah (SWT)? No, they prostrated before Allah (SWT). Adam (AS) was only the Kiblah (prayer direction). They did not worship Adam (AS); this prostration was only for showing respect and submission to him. The angels are subjected to us if we master both religion and worldly affairs. You might wonder, “Could I be better than the angels?” Yes, and you are going to be even more privileged to Allah (SWT) since both the earth and the heaven might not know Allah's stature, but the believer is the best one to know His stature. You see how much has Allah (SWT) honored humans? Why, then, do we degrade ourselves?




The following are the forms of honoring Adam (AS):




1. He was created from dust and water – the cleanest and purest elements.


2. Allah (SWT) formed him with His divine hands. "…What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands" ( TMQ, 38:75).


3. Allah (SWT) gave him a breath of His soul, "so, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him…" (TMQ, 15:29).


4. All the angels prostrated to him.


5. Satan was kicked out of the Jannah because he refused to prostrate to Adam (AS).


6. Allah (SWT) subjected the angels to Adam (AS).


7. The universe was created to be utilized by Adam (AS).


8. Allah (SWT) taught Adam (AS) all the names.




Glorified be Allah (SWT).




Surat at-Tin is a wonderful Surah which makes you sense how Allah (SWT) honors you. "By the fig, and the olive. By Mount Sinai. By this city of security (Makkah). Verily, We created man in the best stature (mould).Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low." (TMQ, 95:1-5).




Here, Allah (SWT) swears by three things:




1. The figs and the olives.


2. Mount Sinai (where Allah (SWT) spoke to Moses).


3. The holy city (Makkah).




Figs and olives, here, are only symbolic to the place which is known by its figs and olives (Palestine). They are not meant for themselves. Do you see the oath? What is the relation between figs and olives (Palestine), Mount Sinai, “…take off your shoes; you are in the sacred valley, Tuwa" (TMQ, 20:12), the holy city (Makkah) and between creating Man in the best form? These places are the holiest spots on earth. Allah (SWT) is swearing by the holiest places on earth that He has created Man in the best form. There is the holiness of Makkah, the holiness of al-Tour Mountain, and the holiness of Palestine, then Allah (SWT) states that He has created us in the best honored form. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low." (TMQ, 95:5). When man, who was created in the best form, commits sins, he is lowered to the worst rank, "Save those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds. Then they shall have a reward without end (Paradise)." (TMQ, 95:6).




Let us look at these Ahadith in order to see how much you were honored by Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) says in a Hadith Qudsi (sacred Hadith), “… and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing nawafil (praying or doing extra deeds besides what is obligatory) till I love him, so I become his sense of hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he grips, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he asks My protection (refuge), I will protect him; (i.e. give him My refuge)….”[8]




In another Hadith, the Prophet (SAWS) said, "If Allah loves a person, He calls Gabriel, saying, “Allah loves so and so, O Gabriel love him,” so Gabriel would love him and then would make an announcement in the heavens, “Allah has loved so and-so therefore you should love him also,” so all the dwellers of the heavens would love him, and then he is granted the pleasure of the people on the earth." [9]




Allah (SWT) says in another Hadith Qudsi that if a person, “ … comes one span nearer to Me, I go one cubit nearer to him; and if he comes one cubit nearer to Me, I go a distance of two outstretched arms nearer to him; and if he comes to Me walking, I go to him running.” [10] Allah (SWT) loves us so much and waits for the day when we get closer to Him, and know our aim in life. Allah (SWT) ordered the angels to prostrate to Adam (AS) because man is precious and dear to Him. Do not devaluate your stature by committing sins and forgetting about the purpose of your existence in life.




A final comment:


Consider the scope of Allah’s honor. It is a bountiful bestowing of honor, don’t you think? Compare this to Darwin’s theory which states that man started as a germ on the surface of the water. This germ then evolved into a microorganism, which in turn evolved into a frog, then to a fish, then to a monkey, and finally into a human being.




As a human soul, which do you prefer: the monkey or Adam (AS)? Why did not all animals and monkeys evolve into human beings? Look at Allah's words that can be translated as, "And indeed We have honored the Children of Adam, and We have carried them on land and sea, and have provided them with at-Tayyibat (lawful good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have created with a marked preferment" (TMQ, 17:70).






[1] TMQ=Translation of the Meaning of the Qur'an. This translation is for the realized meaning, so far, of the stated (Surah :Ayah) of the Qur'an. Reading the translated meaning of the Qur'an can never replace reading it in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed.


[2] Sala-llahu Alahi Wa Salam = All Prayers and Peace of Allah be upon him.


[3] Narrated by Ibn-Omar, Sunnan at-Tirmidhi, No .2677.


[4] Narrated Hudhaifa, Sunnan at-Tirmidhi, No .2259.




4 Authentic Hadith, Narrated Abu Huraira Sahih Bukhari, No. 6042.


[6] Authentic Hadith, narrated by Abu Huraira, Sahih Muslim, no. 2699


6 Authentic, Strange and Good Hadith, narrated by Abu Umamah, Sunnan At-Tirmidhi, no. 2826.


[8] Authentic Hadith narrated by Abu Huraira, Sahih Al-Bukhari, No. 6137


[9] Authentic Hadith narrated by Abu Huraira, Sahih Muslim, No .2637


[10] Authentic Hadith narrated by Abu Huraira, Sahih Muslim, No. 2675




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Adam's descent to earth and his death – Part One




Today’s lesson focuses on two points: The dangers of committing a sin, and the beauty of repentance. Let us all direct ourselves to Allah, the Most Gracious (SWT)[1], with all our hearts. We will start our lesson now and I hope that you will be attentive and mindful and that you will try to apply every ayah (verse) and Hadith we are about to quote to your lives.




We have previoulsy discussed Satan's animosity. Let us continue with what we have started and finish off by the death of Adam (AS). We will concentrate on some of the points that we mentioned in the previous lesson and we will focus on Satan's attitude towards Adam (AS) and his hatred towards Adam's descendants. We will mention the holy ayahs again, to further emphasize Satan's bitterness towards us. However, I will only repeat the ayahs without referring to their meanings as they were already mentioned last time. Now listen to the ayahs and see how much Satan hates us.




Allah (SWT) says in Surat al-Isra’ what can be translated as, “Said he, “Have You seen? This, whom you have honored above me, indeed in case you defer me to the Day of the Resurrection, indeed I will definitely bring his offspring under my subjection, (Literally: under my palate; i.e., between my jaws) except a few.” Said He, “Go! So, whoever of them follows you, then surely Hell will be your recompense, an ample recompense! And startle whomever of them you can with your voice, and rally against them your horsemen and your foot (soldiers); and be a partner with them in (their) riches and (their) children, and promise them!” And in no way does Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) promise them anything except delusion.” (TMQ, 17:62-64).[2]




Moreover, in Surat an-Nisa, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And he said, “Indeed I will definitely take to myself of Your bondmen an ordained assignment. And indeed I will definitely lead them into error, and indeed I will definitely arouse (vain) coveting in them, and indeed I will definitely command them (and) so indeed they will definitely cut off the cattle’s ears; (One of the superstitions of the pagans) and indeed I will definitely command them (and) so indeed they will definitely change the creation of Allah.” And whoever takes Ash-Shaytan (An all-vicious one, i.e., satan) to himself for a constant patron apart from Allah, then he has already suffered (Literally: lost) evidently the greatest loss. He promises them and arouses vain coveting in them; and in no way does Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) promise them (anything) except delusion.” (TMQ, 4:118-120).




Furthermore, in Surat al-A'raf Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Said he, “So, for that You caused me to be misguided, indeed I will definitely sit (i.e., in ambush) for them (on) Your straight Path. Thereafter indeed I will definitely come up to them from before them (Literally: between their hands) and from behind them, and from their right (hands), and from their left (hands); and You will not find most of them thankful.” (TMQ, 7:16-17). Note the animosity of Satan towards us. He has prepared methods and ways to deceive you. He has gathered an army of followers to fight us.




Last time we said that there are eleven things we can do in order to protect ourselves from Satan. These eleven things include:


* Seeking refuge with Allah (SWT) from Satan,

* Dua’a (supplication) and Dhikr (the mentioning of Allah (SWT)) are positive ways to cause Satan to scamper away.

* Reading Surat an-Naas and al-Falaq exorcizes Satan,

* Reading Ayat al-Kursi (ayah 255 of Surat al-Baqara). Prophet Muhammad (SAWS[3]) said, “When you go to your bed, recite Ayat al-Kursi, for then there will be a guard from Allah who will protect you all night long, and Satan will not be able to come near you till dawn." (Authentic, al-Bukhari)[4].

* Reading Surat al-Baqara which exorcizes all devils from the house if read for three days.




Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) said, “Whoever says, "La ilaha illal-lah wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahu-l-mulk wa lahu-l-hamd wa huwa 'ala kulli shai'in qadir," (None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, the Alone Who has no partners; to Him belongs Dominion and to Him belong all the Praises, and He has power over all things (i.e. Omnipotent)) one hundred times will get the same reward as given for manumitting ten slaves; and one hundred good deeds will be written in his accounts, and one hundred sins will be deducted from his accounts, and it (his saying) will be a shield for him against Satan on that day till night, and nobody will be able to do a better deed except the one who does more than he.” (Authentic, al-Bukhari). Nor can Satan dare to approach anybody who says this throughout the day, nor can Satan approach anybody who says this in the night. This is your protection against Satan; since if he attempts to come close, he would be burnt. If Satan has his own weapons, you have yours too. You can fight him, exorcize him, and burn him if he approaches you.




Can you see how dangerous he is now? What is really dangerous is that he might make you listen to an important advice without benefiting from it. For example, you might hear about how important it is to be kind and obedient towards your parents, but you chose to disobey them; or know how imperative it is to perfect your morals, but never try to improve them, or learn about the importance of dhikr but never do it. Thus, the knowledge you obtain becomes useless when you do not put it into action once you are moved by it regardless of who gives it you. Thus, no matter how many times you listen, the words lose their touch if they do not find an enacting soul, no matter how wise they are. Hence, when you attend a gathering or a lesson, try to apply at least 10% of what you have learned in that lesson.




Thus dhikr and dua’a are means of exorcizing Satan, and so is wuduu’ (performing ablution) since the devils are created from fire, and only water puts out fire.




Lowering the gaze is one more way of exorcizing Satan, because the look is one of Satan's arrows. Moreover, making friends with religious people and keeping away from bad company is another effective way of exorcizing Satan since ‘a wolf attacks the lonely sheep and Man's wolf is Satan.’ Furthermore, praying is another successful means. Once man prays, Satan cries saying, “He was ordered to prostrate, and so he did only to be granted paradise. I was ordered to prostrate, but I did not and I will be thrown in hellfire.” One last method that protects you from Satan is repentance as Allah (SWT) says in a Qudsi Hadith, “On the authority of Anas, who said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) say, ‘Allah the Almighty said, ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great at it.’’” (It was related by at-Tirmidhi - also by Ahmad Ibn-Hanbal. Its chain of authorities is sound).




A young man who attended last week’s gathering called me and said that he counted the number of times that Satan was mentioned in the Qur’an and found out that they were eleven times. He also counted the number of ayahs mentioned seeking refuge with Allah (SWT) from Satan and found that they were also eleven. I wanted to make sure so I checked the books of authority and found that what he said was true. In addition, seeking refuge with Allah (SWT) from Satan is mentioned three times in one surah, which is an-Naas.




Last time we stopped at the point where Adam and Eve ate from the forbidden tree. I have received many questions concerning this issue. Some people are simply preoccupied with matters which are not really important. I did not have the intention to answer these questions because the aim of this lesson is not to tell you a story; my aim is to make it beneficial to you by illustrating Satan’s animosity towards us. One of the questions I received was, “From which tree did Adam eat?”, “Was it a grapevine or a fig tree?” Giving you such redundant details is not one of my goals as I narrate to you the stories of the Prophets and Messengers.




An important rule in Islamic Sharee’a (Islamic Law) states that discussing an issue that is not useful to people is something we are forbidden to carry out. Does it really matter which tree it was? Always focus on what is important and eventually this will be your way of thinking. You would not find, for example, a PhD student conducting an inconsequential research for his degree. Why is that? Because his thoughts are organized; he has been taught by Islam that he has to benefit his community. Thus, when making a research, one should always seek what is constructive to one’s community and country to reap reward from Allah (SWT).




Some women, for example, might talk on the phone for hours just to exchange news about others. If asked, why, they would say, “Just to be updated!” This not only wastes any potential reward they could have gained through that wasted time, but it also opens the door for ghaiba (backbiting) and the punishment it entails.




Other questions include, “In which paradise was Adam?” and “Was that paradise on earth or in heaven?” I try to avoid these details, yet people chase me with such questions. To answer those I can say that the majority of scholars agreed that it was the paradise of immortality, where we will be Insha’ Allah (God willing), and the one that Adam (AS) had to leave to land on earth.




Another question was, “How did Satan enter paradise if it was the one of immortality?” Someone called me and said that he could not sleep trying to figure out how Satan managed to do that!




I repeat, Allah (SWT) did not describe to us how Satan entered paradise since this is not really important. What counts here is that Satan whispered to Adam (AS) and he succeeded in seducing him. This is the important lesson we should all learn from. How he entered paradise is a matter we know nothing about. Nevertheless, is it possible that he whispered to Adam (AS) without entering paradise? Allah (SWT) only knows about this, and I do not have any answer or evidence from either the Qur’an or the Sunnah (Prophet Muhammad’s way of life). However, it is certainly the paradise of immortality, and Satan whispered to him in a way that is unknown to us.




Now let us begin with the important questions. We stopped where Adam (AS) and Eve ate from the tree. The question now is who was responsible for committing this sin? Was it Adam or Eve?




All past religions dictate that Eve is the one responsible for this sin. This is mentioned in many books, which are still present in the Western world and European civilizations which claim that they protect women’s rights. These are the very civilizations that blame Eve for this sin, maintaining that she persuaded Adam (AS) to do it. The only book that refutes that claim is the Qur’an. Eve did not persuade Adam (AS) to commit this sin. What is the proof? It is in ayah 19 in Surat al-A'raf. Remember that a main goal in narrating these stories is to get you better acquainted with the Qur’an. The Qur'an is your way of life. It was revealed for you so that you would know how to live your life.




In Surat al-A'raf, the Qur’an states that they both share the responsibility and the blame for the sin that Satan trapped both of them into committing. This is evident in the plural form used in the ayahs. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And O Adam, dwell, you and your spouse, in the Garden (and) so eat of where you (both) decide; and do not draw near this tree, (or) then (both of) you will be of the unjust.” Then Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) whispered to them (both) to display to them that which was overlaid (i.e., hidden) from them of their shameful parts; and he said, “In no way has your Lord forbidden you from this tree except that you should become (two) angels or become of the ones eternally (abiding).” And he swore to both of them, “Surely I am indeed for you both one of your honest (Literally: one of the honest advisers) advisers.” So he misled them both by delusion; (Or: caused their fall) then, as soon as they (both) tasted the tree, their shameful parts appeared to them, and they took to splicing upon themselves (some of) the leaves of the Garden. And their Lord called out to them, “Did I not forbid you from that tree and say to you both, surely Satan is for you both an evident enemy?” They both said, “Our Lord, we have done an injustice to ourselves; and in case You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, indeed we (both) will definitely be among the losers.” (TMQ, 7:19-23).




Thus the plural form was used starting from where Satan whispered to them to taste the tree up until the very end when both of them asked for Allah’s forgiveness, together.




Is there any evidence in the Qur’an that Eve made Adam (AS) do it? Of course not. On the contrary, there is another surah, Surat Ta-Ha, which states that Adam (AS) was the one who was responsible, for he was the man. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Then Ash-Shaytan (The Ever-Vicious, i.e., the Devil) whispered to him. He said, “O Adam, shall I indicate to you the Tree of Eternity and a Kingdom that does not decay? So the two of them ate of it ….” (TMQ, 20:120) Here, the plural form is re-used after referring to Adam (AS) alone at the beginning which indicates that he is the one responsible as he was the man.




Naturally, women will rejoice the fact that they have been proven innocent from an undeserved accusation that followed them since the dawn of history, and they certainly have every right to. In spite the fact that Eve actually shares the responsibility with Adam (AS), she is blameless when it comes to her being the reason behind his sin.




It is very important to stress on the magnitude of the man’s responsibility. A man who accepts unlawful money and blames it on his wife who keeps nagging him to get more money is wide of the mark. His wife will be judged for the nagging, but he is the one responsible for his deeds. This reminds men that they should never accept unlawful money in order to please their wives and eventually be thrown into hellfire. Women, on the other hand, should not push their husbands to money through unlawful means to answer needed expenses.




It is also very important that we reform the common misconception about women being the main cause behind all sins and misfortunes in the society. There are many people who cite Prophet Muhammad’s Hadith that women are, “deficient in intelligence and religion" (Authentic Hadith, al-Bukhari) to confirm these false views. Let me show you what should change these thoughts. The first human being ever to prostrate to Allah (SWT) after Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) was a woman. She was Khadijah, his first wife, as agreed upon by all scholars.




How does this correspond with the Prophet's Hadith, "women are deficient in intelligence and religion?” If we open the Qur'an, we read the following ayah where Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And Allah has struck a similitude for the ones who have believed: the wife of Firaawn (Pharaoh) … And Maryam (Mary) daughter of Imran...” (TMQ, 66:11-12).




The example given here of a believing person was a woman; two women as a matter of fact, not a man or even a prophet. I want to boost women's self-confidence by these words. I want them to know that they are a very crucial factor in a productive society. They are the ones who give birth and raise the children while men work all day. Thus, if women were not keen on relating their children to Allah (SWT), the society would suffer. I intend to quote ayahs that enhance their self-esteem. I want women to have confidence in themselves and to be certain that Allah (SWT) will be pleased with them when they do what they can to please Him. We also need men to give women that kind of confidence as they both are created of one self. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Who created you of one self, and created from it its spouse.” (TMQ, 4:1).




Now, let us refer back to Prophet Muhammad’s Hadith that women are, “deficient in intelligence and religion.” The Prophet (SAWS) here is making a quantitative reference that has nothing to do with quality. Women endure some days in which they do not pray or fast and that affects the amount of worship but does not affect the quality of their worshipping. Thus, women might exceed men in the quality, but not in the amount. This explains the deficiency in religion. I intend to explain the deficiency in intelligence later on.


We are still discussing the ayahs in Surat al-A'raf, and the sin that was committed. I once mentioned a point that I would like to stress on once again. When we read ayah 20, the questions we would find answers for could be: What is Satan's aim behind ruining Adam (AS) and his descendants? How will he mislead you? What will he concentrate on and what kind of temptation will he use?




Allah (SWT) exposed Satan and revealed his schemes. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Then Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) whispered to them (both) to display to them that which was overlaid (i.e., hidden) from them of their shameful parts.” (TMQ, 7:20) As we can see in the ayah, Satan’s temptation was to uncover their bodies. How did he know that if they ate from the forbidden tree, they would be uncovered? He knew what Allah (SWT) said to Adam (AS) earlier. Allah (SWT) says in Surat Ta-Ha what can be translated as, “Surely it is (given) to you neither to hunger therein, nor to go naked, And that you neither thirst therein, nor suffer the heat (of the sun).” (TMQ, 20:118-119).




Thus, Satan understood that if Adam (AS) disobeyed Allah (SWT), he would be denied the blessing of being covered. Allah (SWT) told Adam (AS) that if he obeyed Him, he would be granted four things in heaven; no hunger, no heat, no thirst, and no nudity. Adam (AS) therefore knew that if he ate from the forbidden tree, he would be deprived from these four blessings. Yet, the most important point on which Satan concentrated on was nudity. As we reach this point, I want our sisters to consider it carefully. Ordering Muslim women to wear hijab (veil) was not done at random. Not wearing hijab is a serious matter. However there are unveiled women whom we care for, think highly of and wish all the best. The problem is with those women who are not only rejecting hijab but who also wear revealing clothes. These are the women we have to warn, so listen. Satan knew that if Adam (AS) disobeyed Allah, four types of punishment would take place, yet he concentrated on only one of them; nudity.




The question now is: why did Satan focus on nudity? Why did he want to uncover Adam and Eve? It is because it is the easiest and fastest way leading to corruption. Once that starts spreading among human beings, haram (prohibited) acts are bound to take place. Men’s thirsty eyes would stare at the naked bodies not only stirring their dormant desires, but also pushing them to answer the call of their basic instincts through adulteries, rapes, and Orfi marriages (customary and unregistered ones) that shatter the society and grant Satan victory. Hence, a series of successive problems start shaking the foundations of our societies.




Some people may say, “Why do you focus that much on hijab and appearances in religious gatherings, when what really counts is a woman’s behavior and personality?” I simply cannot help but agree that a woman’s behavior is fundamental. Nevertheless, it is also true that a woman’s appearance and manner of clothing could be Satan’s means of immense damage to the society.




Let us see how many times the nudity of Adam (AS) and his descendants were mentioned. They were actually mentioned five times in six ayahs. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Then Ash-Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil) whispered to them (both) to display to them that which was overlaid (i.e., hidden) from them of their shameful parts...” (TMQ, 7: 20). It was the uncovering that was mentioned here and not the thirst or the hunger. Moreover, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “…As soon as they (both) tasted the tree, their shameful parts appeared to them” (TMQ, 7:22). Then, in the same ayah, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “and they took to splicing upon themselves (some of) the leaves of the Garden”. (TMQ, 7:22). Can you see this? Can you see how Adam (AS) and Eve were trying to cover themselves with the leaves of paradise?




It is in ayah 26 of the same surah where we find a comment on Adam's story. By the way, whenever a story is mentioned in the Qur’an, an ayah comes at the end of the story to summarize it. For example, in surat Hud where Allah (SWT) tells us about the story of Nuh (Noah) (AS), Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And (endure) patiently, (for) then surely Allah does not leave to waste the reward of the fair-doers.” (TMQ, 11:115).




Thus, the Ayat in Surat al-A'raf summarize Adam's story, “O Seed (Or: sons) of Adam! We have readily sent down on you a garment to overlay your shameful parts, and a vesture; (Fine clothes; or feathers) and the garment of piety, that is the most charitable; (i.e., better)” (TMQ, 7:26). The Qur’an is indeed very striking as Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as , “Will they not then contemplate the Qur’an?” (TMQ, 4:82). Allah (SWT) wants us to go beyond the words and to read between the lines. We have to study and appreciate the meanings it conveys. The more you read the Qur’an, the more Allah (SWT) enables you to understand it. You will certainly need an explanation to guide you. You should handle the Qur'an in the right manner. It is simply inappropriate to be a successful person as regards to your studies, but when it comes to the Qur’an you can't understand it when you read it.




Back to ayah 26, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “...a garment to overlay your shameful parts, and a vesture; (Fine clothes; or feathers) and the garment of piety...” (TMQ, 7:26). The meaning here is to conceal not only the outside, but also the inside as well. Thus beware of revealing not only your bodies, but also your souls; and that is why “the garment of piety” was mentioned in the ayah. Some ladies refuse to don hijab saying that they are better off than many veiled women who have bad morals. Nevertheless, this is just an excuse as these are individual cases. If there were people who pray, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) but have bad morals, would that give us an excuse not to pray or to perform hajj ourselves? I say to those ladies, let us conceal our souls with piety, and conceal our bodies with the veil.



Then comes the beautiful comment as Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “…that is of the signs of Allah, that possibly they would constantly remember…” (TMQ, 7:26). They will remember, when science prevails and when a father fears for the safety of his daughter whenever she goes out, not knowing where she is going or what could happen to her, when ‘Orfi marriages overwhelm the society, when insecurity prevails, when girls are too afraid to walk alone in the streets, the decent and respectable girls I mean, apprehending street harassments. That is why Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “…that possibly they would constantly remember…”(TMQ, 7:26).




Ayah 27 refers to nudity for the third time as Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “O Seeds (Or: sons) of Adam! Definitely do not let Ash-Shaytan (The All-vicious, i.e., the Devil) tempt you just as he brought your parents (Literally: your two feathers) out of the Garden, plucking out from them (both) their garments to show them their shameful parts. Surely he sees you, he and his (dependent) tribe, from where you do not see them.” (TMQ, 7:27). Can you picture Satan plucking out the clothes and garments the way he does nowadays as we see the many forms of nudity, swimming suits, etc.?




Thus what does Satan want from us? He wants to reveal and disgrace us. That is why the words "shameful parts" were mentioned five times in the Qur’an.



Those parts are described as shameful since revealing them causes shame and disgust. Such parts could be described as sensitive. To have them depicted as shameful, stresses the idea of shame when the body is revealed. This is very important to understand. How would a young man, after listening to these words, dare to watch pornographic sites on the internet with all the “shameful parts” revealed in them? When Adam (AS) went through his ordeal, he kept on trying to cover himself with leaves from paradise. How then would you have the courage to watch such nudity without immediately shutting your eyes, without being overwhelmed with disgust and shame? You are defying your nature when you insist on doing so since once you get used to them, they would cease to be shameful. Next thing you know, you will be addicted to them only to destroy your life. You will think that all women are like that, no matter how close they are to you-even close family members! Thus, when Allah (SWT) forbids something, He knows all about its catastrophic consequences.




From day one, Satan’s goal was to strip off Adam (AS) and Eve. Moreover, he repeated that with the following generations. He did it with the Arabs before Islam, as they, men and women, performed tawaf (circumambulation of the Ka’ba) naked. That is why one of the first orders Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) gave when he entered Makkah was that no naked people are allowed to circumambulate al-Ka'ba.




How did Satan succeed in tempting them when the society, at that time, valued and esteemed bashfulness? He could not tempt them under false claims like fashion and the sort like he does nowadays. Instead, he whispered to them that Allah (SWT) will not accept their circumambulation around al-Ka’ba if they do it in the clothes they have sinned in! That was the only way he could seduce a conservative society.




The twentieth century, the age of technology and freedom, is another story. Freedom is the key Satan is using to seduce women. His claim is that they should break free from all kinds of control and that they are free to dress the way they like to. He certainly accomplished his goal with many of them; but not all since Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Surely over My bondmen you will have no all-binding authority.” (TMQ, 15:42). Allah (SWT) is with them as He never fails those who seek His guidance and protection. Satan himself acknowledged that fact admitting his limitations and that he can seduce all people, “Excepting Your bondmen among them, who are most faithful.” (TMQ, 15:40).




That was all about nudity. It was a chance for me to focus on this point, since Satan spreads nudity in every generation in the way that fits it best.




Let us go back to Adam (AS) and view the consequences of his sin. The first outcome was the scandal in which Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "so their shameful parts became displayed to them.” (TMQ, 20:121). The second was sending him out of heaven, and depriving him from being in the vicinity of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Said He, “Get down (all of you), some of you an enemy to (some) others; and in the earth there is for you a repository and an enjoyment for a while.” (TMQ, 7:24). The third was the long separation between him and Eve when they fell down to earth. The fourth was being described as a disobeyer, Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “And Adam disobeyed his Lord; so he became misguided.” (TMQ, 20:121). The fifth was the blame that Allah (SWT) addressed to him, and that was the hardest of them all. Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, “Did I not forbid you from that tree and say to you both, surely Satan is for you both an evident enemy?” (TMQ, 7:22). Would you stand that blame on the Day of Judgment?




If all of that happened to Adam (AS), when he ate what was forbidden, what would happen to us? We commit countless sins, and Allah (SWT) with His mercy keeps them hidden, protecting us from disgrace. Thus, don't ever trivialize your sins. Moreover, do not be haunted by them, but rather always consider whom you have disobeyed. Adam (AS) disobeyed once and was thus separated from Allah (SWT) by thousands of miles. A poet said,




“Beware my friend,


A moment’s rashness,


Takes you astray,


Miles and miles away”




If you become unmindful for a moment, you go astray for a thousand miles. Thus, in such a moment when you decide to take off your hijab for example, you are thousands of miles away from any magnificence you might have felt while praying or while shedding the tears of piety and subservience to Allah (SWT), and tasting the sweetness of true belief in Him.






[1] Suhanahu wa Ta'ala = Glorified and Exalted Be He


[2] TMQ=Translation of the Meaning of the Qur'an. This translation is for the realized meaning, so far, of the stated (Surah:Ayah) of the Qur'an. Reading the translated meaning of the Qur'an can never replace reading it in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed.




[3] Sala-llahu Alaihi Wa-Sallam = All Prayers and Peace of Allah be upon him.


[4] Editor’s note: This is not a Hadith. This is what Satan said to Abu-Huraira, and when he narrated it to the prophet (SAWS) he told him “He (who came to you at night) told you the truth although he is a liar; and it was Satan”.




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Adam's descent to earth and his death – Part Two




Therefore, brothers and sisters, I want to concentrate, for a few minutes, on the danger of disobedience and its effect on your life. I will give you some examples for the results of disobedience, for you to be certain and say “yes, it did happen to me when I disobeyed Allah”.




1- Anger of Allah (SWT) [1].




2- The hatred and cursing of the believers on you. Al-Hassan Al-Basry says, “Be ware that any of you be cursed in the hearts of the believers without his awareness” He was asked how do the hearts of believers curse him without him being aware, he said, “by working to disobey Allah ;and Allah throws his hatred in the hearts of believers.”




3- Being deprived of knowledge. I complained to Wakee’a of my inability to learn by heart and he guided me to leave disobediences. He said that knowledge is light and the disobeying person cannot find the light of Allah.(This is a translation for two poetry verses were recited by Imam Shfai’y who complained to the famous judge Wakee’a of bad memory)




4- Being deprived of sustenance. Some people say their sustenance is decreased.




5- A feeling of estrangement between you and Allah (SWT). You are unable to raise your hands to him and ask Him as there is no closeness between you and Him, and you feel estranged as a result of your disobediences.




6- An estrangement between you and other people. You can then clearly see the results of your disobedience.




7- Darkness of the face. Abdullah Ibn-Abbas says, “Disobedience gives blackness to the face, darkness in the heart, hatred in people's hearts, weakness in the body and a lack in sustenance. While a good deed gives brightness to the face, lightness in the heart, love in the people's hearts, strength in the body and abundance in sustenance.”




8- Missing acts of obedience. When you want to commit to an act of obedience, Allah (SWT) does not help you to complete it.




9- Generating other disobediences. You commit a sin and it brings you to a second, then to a third and so on.




10- Allah (AW)[2] degrades you. "…and whomever Allah degrades, then none will honor him" (TMQ, 22:18) [3]. He degraded them so they disobeyed Him, but if He honored them, He would have saved them.




11- A feeling of humiliation in your heart. The humility of disobedience cannot be covered by anything (even if you owned cars; bought expensive clothes; were proud of your beauty walking in the street while every body is looking at you). The humility of disobedience will not leave your heart if you were a sinner.




12- Eliminating and replacing the bounties, since all bounties bestowed on people are never replaced except by disobediences.




13- The last and most difficult result is when your tongue lets you down when you most need it. When is that? When you are dying and unable to utter the Shahada (declaration of faith) as mountains of sins come upon your tongue to disable it of speech.




All these are results of sins and disobedience.




There is a story about a young man who was on a plane from Egypt to London. Next to him was an elegant man with a briefcase in his hand. During the flight, the angel of death came for that elegant man to take his soul. The young man (a believer) felt that the man was dying so he urged him to utter the Shahada, but the man was preoccupied with his briefcase asking the young man to give it to him. The dying man was unable to say the Shahada for all his thoughts were with his briefcase! The young man insisted that he should say it but the man replied that he was unable to. Do make sure that your tongue does not let you down especially at the moment of death. Let's look at the following ayah. Allah (TWT)[4] says what can be translated as, “O you have believed, be pious to Allah with His true piety, and definitely do not die except as Muslims.” (TMQ, 3:102).




If you lived obeying Allah (SWT) you are guaranteed what the ayah stated. In other words, you will die in the best way and Allah (SWT) will help you resist disobedience.




I do not want to pressure you with this lesson or put a burden upon you. The most important thing is to know how to resist disobedience. You can do that by resorting to Allah (SWT) for strength, by praying to Him to help you stop a sin that you were insisting on committing for a while. Be persistent with Him until He opens the door for you and saves you from that sin. Resorting to Allah (SWT), prayer, being aware of Iblis’s (Satan) work, and continuing to tame yourself, as well as getting away from bad company and accompanying believers will help you get away from sins. Doing many good deeds specially dhikr (remembrance of Allah (SWT)), praying in the Masjid, reading Qur'an and attending religious lessons will also help you get away from sins, and obeying Allah (AW).




Do we feel ashamed from Allah (SWT)? Ibnul-Qayyim says, “Being happy for committing a sin or laughing at that time is more serious to Allah (SWT) than the sin itself (because of your disrespect to Allah (SWT)). Regretting that you have missed the sin is more serious to Allah (SWT) than the sin itself (your insistence to commit a sin, although you are unable to, is more serious to Allah (SWT) than the sin.” For example, when you go out in the street to meet a woman, but you do not get the chance as she rode a bus, and you could not follow her, you feel sad for missing that opportunity. This is more serious to Allah (SWT).) Caring to hide from the eyes of people while committing a sin and not caring that Allah (SWT) knows what you are doing is more serious to Allah (SWT) than the sin itself. This is an act of disrespect to Allah (SWT).




I know I have scared you of sins, but now I want to open your hearts for repentance. Let us have a look at our master Adam (AS) while he was seeking repentance. There is no one among us who never erred. The errors are many, but the door of repentance is beautiful. It was not meant for us not to err, but every time we do, we should repent to Allah (SWT) to forgive us.




Our master Adam (AS) did not know how to repent because he was the first man to repent. He was not like us, for we have learned how to repent by asking for Allah's forgiveness. It was his first error and he did not know what to say. Look at this ayah where Allah says what can be translated as," Then Adam received (some) Words from his Lord; so He relented towards him"(TMQ, 2:37).




Allah (SWT) told him to utter a few words to forgive him, and He accepted his repentance. I ask you by Allah, does any one doubt that Allah (SWT) will have mercy and forgiveness? I swear by Allah that He will have mercy on us Insha’ Allah.




Look at Allah's mercy and how He accepts the repentance of His slaves. Praise be to Allah. It would be very strange if you knew Allah (SWT) and not love Him; if He opens the door for you and you do not enter; and if He is showing affection to you while you are showing affection to someone else. Who can do this?




What are the words that Adam (AS) uttered for Allah (SWT) to forgive him? They are in the ayah where Allah says what can be translated as, "They both said, “Our Lord, we have done an injustice to ourselves; and in case You do not forgive us and have mercy on us, indeed we (both) will definitely be among the losers.”(TMQ, 7:23). These were the words. Therefore we lose everything if we do not have the mercy of Allah (SWT). Please keep repeating them, and may Allah accept our repentance. Allah (SWT) sends each of us words to say to Him in order to accept our repentance. Adam (AS) said these words and Allah (SWT) forgave him.




The question now is can any one of us repent at this very moment? Yes, we can. For instance, a person who has been disobedient to his parents for two years, or was taking 'marijuana' or any of the other new toxics that we all know of, or any other thing. Can he repent immediately? Yes, he can, he should feel immediate regret just as Adam (AS) felt, intend never to go back to that sin again and stop committing it. Do you feel the pain inside you? Are your tears running down your cheeks? Do you regret your sin and intend never to go back to it? I congratulate you, for Allah (SWT) has accepted your repentance and erased your sin. Is that all? Yes it is!




If you used to neglect the prayers, then repented and went back to pray, you might ask yourself, what about the five years I missed of prayers? Will I be held accountable for them even after having repented, feeling regret and being punctual with my prayers? I can tell you that Allah (SWT) will erase those five years.




I would also like to explain that even if you have given up the sin and Allah (SWT) has accepted your repentance, but you sinned again and repented, Allah (SWT) will, once again, accept your repentance. Even if you sinned a third time, and later fulfilled the conditions of repentance, Allah (SWT) would still accept your repentance. The meaning here is that every time you sin, then repent sincerely, regret having committed it and intend not to go back to it again, Allah (SWT) will forgive you, and accept your repentance.




A man came to the Prophet (SAWS)[5] and said, “O Prophet of Allah, if I committed a bad deed, will it be written?” The Prophet said, “Yes”. So the man asked, “What if I quitted it and asked forgiveness?” The Prophet said, “It will be deleted”. The man kept repeating the same question and the Prophet kept repeating the same reply, till the man finally asked, “How many times will Allah delete a bad deed?”. The Prophet (SAWS) replied, “Allah would never get tired of forgiveness till you get tired of asking His forgiveness”. (Narrated by al-Iraqi, Takhreej al-Ihia’a, 183/4).




The evidence is that Allah, after accepting Adam’s (AS) repentance, chose him and made him a prophet despite his previous disobedience. Look into this ayah where Allah says what can be translated as, "Surely Allah has elected Adam and Nuh (Adam and Noah, respectively) and the house of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the house of Imran over the worlds." (TMQ 3:30). Also look into these ayahs where Allah says what can be translated as, "… And Adam disobeyed his Lord; so he became misguided. Thereafter his Lord selected him; so He relented to him, and He guided him"(TMQ, 20:121-122).




One might wonder if any one of us sinned but then repented and Allah (SWT) forgave him, will the result be that Allah (SWT) will raise his grades and make him an example for other believers? Of course it can happen. Allah (SWT) might select any one of us even after ten years of disobeying, after being repented. He can place you above the obedient for your sincerity and you may even overtake the one who has been religious for ten years.




The road to Allah (SWT), as we see, is very easy. We will be asked about the words we said in this lesson on the Day of Judgment.




The strange thing is that Adam (AS), after being forgiven by Allah (SWT), kept weeping until he descended to earth. That is why, on the Day of Judgment, when we seek an interceding, the first one we will go to is our master Adam (AS), where we will say,' O, you who Allah (SWT) has created with His own hands, and breathed into you of His spirit, intercede for us. He would answer us, “Myself, myself, I have eaten from the forbidden tree.” He has committed only one sin, therefore he remembers it, regrets it and feels sad because of it. As for us, we have committed so many sins that we are unable to remember them!




I will give you an example. When I was young, I used to own an old car. I did not care about it even if it was hit because it was very old. It did not have any importance to me to care for and preserve it. I just wanted it to drive around. I used to think that I was a negligent person, and this remained until I sold it and bought a new car. I then started to care for my new car and preserve it from any accidents. If I did have an accident I would feel sad and hurry to repair it. I learned a strange thing. I learned that we are doing the same to ourselves; if we have committed many sins we do not care if we increase them, and the sins get accumulated. This will go on until Allah (SWT) bestows on you a new outlook (like the car). How does that happen? With repentance, a Umrah, a Hajj, a moment of truth with Allah (SWT) or when you wear hijab. You will start to feel the change and will get away from bad company. You will not believe that you have seen the light and that your soul is with Allah (SWT). You do not want to get back and filthy it again with sins. This is a very important meaning.




As I told you Adam (AS) kept weeping even after descending to earth. Let us hear what Ibn-Al-Qayyim said,' Allah (SWT) told Adam, as He wanted to comfort him with a healing touch after seeing his continuous weeping, “O Adam I have inflicted you with sin because I like to show you my patience with you, and to show my generosity to you. O Adam, if you did not sin, I would have removed all of you and brought other people to sin and then seek My forgiveness and I would forgive them. O Adam, you used to come to me as kings come to kings (before the sin), but now you will come as a slave comes to kings, and I like that better. O Adam, if I saved you and saved your sons after you from sins, on whom would I bestow my mercy, on whom would I bestow my forgiveness, and repentance. I am The Superbly Relenting, the Ever-Merciful. O Adam, do not be afraid of my saying to you, “Get out of paradise”, for paradise was only created for you. But go down to earth and put your seeds there, then when you miss Me and like to come back to Me I would accept you and open the door of My paradise for you, and put you back to your prestigious position near Me. O Adam, a sin that humbled you to us is better than an obedience you show off to us.”




Sometimes, sins are better as they break you and make you feel humiliated and humble with Allah (SWT). This is the sweet taste of repentance, and the meaning of it is for you to learn a new type of slavery. You will feel how poor you are and how much you need Allah (SWT) and His forgiveness.




Listen to this Hadith Qudsi: On the authority of Anas (RA)[6] who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) say, “Allah the Almighty said: O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great at it”.” (It was narrated by Anas Ibn Malik, Sunnan At-Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 3608, in Sahih Algamea’ by Al Albany 4338 (Good), also by Ahmad Ibn-Hanbal. Its chain of authorities is sound).




One scholar said, “A sin that leaves a sense of humiliation and weakness in your heart is better than an obedience which leaves a sense of pride.”




What is the difference between the disobedience of Adam (AS) and the disobedience of Iblis, and why was Iblis reprobated and regretfully rejected from paradise? The difference is in repentance. Adam (AS) repented but Iblis did not. Instead, he said in the following ayah what can be translated as, “Respite me to the Day they are made to rise again” (TMQ, 7:14). Did he say that in regret? Was he weeping and repenting? No, He wanted to take revenge from Adam (AS) and his sons. Adam (AS), on the other hand, wanted Allah (SWT) to accept his repentance; he felt regret, shame and shyness from Allah (SWT). This is the difference.




Therefore, I warn you from being one of Iblis's friends and from imitating him in sinning. You have to repent immediately, be one of Adam's friends and repent to Allah (SWT) quickly so He would forgive you.




There is also another difference between Adam's disobedience and Iblis's. Adam's disobedience was through one of the human senses, but Iblis's disobedience was by the heart. This is a big difference. Conceit, jealousy and hatred are among the most severe sins. Any sin not related to the heart, you can back up from, but sins of the heart are more difficult. Therefore, make sure that you do not have a disobedience of the heart. As the Prophet (SAWS) said," He who has got a grain of arrogance in his heart will not enter paradise". (an authentic Hadith narrated by Abdullah Ibn Masoud in Sahih Muslim No. 147 ( 91))




Adam's disobedience was by one of his senses. He then descended to earth, and Allah says what can be translated as, “Get down, each of you is an enemy of the other; (Literally: some of you an enemy of some)” (TMQ, 2:36). Can we imagine what the state of Adam (AS) was when he descended from paradise to earth?




Each one of us has a grade in paradise, and the grades vary. What will be your grade? You will tell yourself that if not for that particular sin you would have been in a higher grade. Where is the Fajr prayer you used to miss because of sleep? If you used to read the Qur’an you would be in a higher grade. You can see those who are placed above you in paradise. You know that when you read a single letter of the Qur’an you get ten good deeds, and I am not saying Alif, Lam, Meem, is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Meem is a letter. The phrase "In the Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful" (TMQ, Basmallah) has 19 letters (in Arabic) and each is worth ten good deeds. If you read a chapter every day, you would read seventy thousand letters, and if each is worth ten good deeds, this will mean seven hundred thousand good deeds. Just look at the amount of good deeds you can get, and how many grades you can rise!




Adam (AS) descended to earth, but where? And where did Hawwa (Eve) descend? There is no clear evidence of that. Most scholars said that Adam (AS) descended in India, and Hawaa in Jeddah. It was called by that name, after the descending of Hawaa the 'grand mother' (in Arabic= Jeddah) as the people of Jeddah say. The separation was for a long period of time. Most people think that only Adam (AS) and Hawaa descended to earth, but Allah (SWT) told us in the Qur’an what can be translated as, "We said, “Get down out of it altogether”(TMQ, 2:38), which means that Iblis also descended to earth.




Adam (AS) kept searching for Hawaa until they met at the Mountain of Arafat. It was called that because they met and recognized each other there.




When Adam (AS) and Hawaa met, they started to feel the instinct of sex and reproduction, which they did not feel in paradise. They started to have their family when Hawaa was getting pregnant with twins, a boy and a girl each time. Thus, the wisdom of reproduction started, and reproduction among those children.




Adam (AS) and his children started to build the earth through farming, crafts, hunting and sewing. Do not think that to be religious you only have to perform prayer. No, you should, at the same time, be successful in your studies, achieve progress and benefit your country.




Adam (AS) realized the mission for which he was descended to earth. It is in the ayah where Allah says what can be translated as, “Surely I am making in the earth a successor” (TMQ, 2:30). He always guided his sons to be good, educated them, and he worshipped Allah (SWT). It is said that when Adam (AS) was descended to earth and saw how vast it was, he said "O Lord, is there no other worshipper to glorify You with me in this earth? (Notice his concern and interest). Allah said, "There will be from amongst your children, and I will have Masjids where I am worshipped on your earth (and there we are, building and attending Masjids. But did we build any life outside them?).




Allah (SWT) assigned Adam (AS) to build a house for Him, so he built the Holy Masjid, as Allah says what can be translated as," Surely the first Home laid down for mankind was indeed at Bakkah, (Another name of Makkah) a blessed (place) and a guidance to the worlds" (TMQ, 3:96). Makkah was called Bakkah for the many weepers in that holy place (according to the Arabic language bakkah = to weep).




Allah (SWT) ordered him to go on pilgrimage to that Holy Masjid and then ordered him to build Al-Aqsa Masjid.




It was narrated by Abu-Dhaar, “I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Which Masjid was built first?" He replied, "Al-Masjidul-Haram (the Prophet’s Masjid)." I asked, "Which (was built) next?" He replied, "Al-Masjidul-Aqsa (i.e. Jerusalem)." I asked, "What was the period in between them?" He replied, "Forty (years)”. (Authentic Hadith. Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 636).




Do you see now the importance of the Aqsa Masjid, and how the hearts of Muslims should be attached to it?




Allah (SWT) wanted that the first two of His houses on this earth be built by our master, the father of humanity, Adam (AS). He also wanted to combine the two Masjids for our Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) just like the case with Adam (AS) when He said what can be translated as, "All Extolment be (to Him), Who made His bondman to set forth by night from the Inviolable Masjid to the Further (Literally: Remotest) Mosque" (TMQ, 17:1).




One of the beautiful things I read is that Iblis became powerless and could not mislead our father Adam (AS) to sin on earth! Why? He could not deceive him twice. Iblis knew for certain that he was unable to mislead Adam (AS) again. But these days, we fall into sin and we keep repeating it. Why do we let him deceive us?




Thus, when he wanted to threaten Adam (AS) he said "indeed I will definitely bring his offspring under my subjection, (Literally: under my palate; i.e., between my jaws)" (TMQ, 17:62). He knew he won't be able to lure Adam (AS) again. It was once only. Unfortunately, many of us fall into the same sin more than once.




Adam (AS) had many divine books revealed to him. It is said that they are about 21 books. He lived long on earth, in a Hadith "Adam lived 940 years".




He also had many children, but we do not know the exact number. In the final days of his life, he gathered his children and said, “My children, I miss the fruits of paradise”. (Authentic Hadith). [7]




Here, I would like to ask you this: does anybody long for the fruits of paradise, the rivers of paradise, the bliss and prosperity? I swear by Allah that this life is worth nothing, not money, nor fame, nor prestige, nor a momentary desire. All this is worth nothing. If we have a profound belief we would feel that nothing is worth the trouble. What is the value of talking about thousands while Allah (SWT), our Lord is not pleased? What is the value of large amounts of money if my Lord is not pleased? Our father Adam (AS) after one thousand minus sixty years said that he missed paradise. We also long for paradise and wish to go back there.




Then, death came to him, and the angels let his soul pass away. They washed him, wrapped him in a coffin and buried him in the earth, then threw the sand on him. The angels then said this is your way, O sons of Adam. Where was he buried? We do not know, but as the Prophet (SAWS) said, "Allah created Adam on a Friday, descended him on it and he died on it and on Friday is the Day of Judgment"[8]




Hawaa wept long and hard over his death. She wept for a whole year and then died out of her grief.




All Extolment be to Allah, why has love diminished in our homes these days? Adam (AS) and Hawaa lived together for so long, and yet look how sad she was over his death!




You will find someone who would say, "I have been in jail (meaning being married) for ten years" and he is unhappy.




Just look at Hawwa and her love after all that time that she lived with her husband. Why did love diminish in our homes? I can tell you that it is because of our many sins!




Here is Omar Ibnul-Khattab (RA) when he married Um-Kalthum; daughter of Ali (RA), he used to say that he loved her dearly, and she loved him dearly too. Omar died on a Sunday; and Um-Kulthum died the next day out of her grief for him! This is how the homes of the sahaba (the Prophet's companions) were. The Prophet (SAWS) remained missing Lady Khadijah (RA) for 13 years! When he used to hear the voice of her sister passing near his home, he would hurry towards her and say, "O Allah, it is as the sound of Khadijah asking for permission". Do you know why love has changed these days? It is because a woman is no more a serene dwelling for her husband. She no longer knows the meaning of the reply of Hawwa when our master Adam (AS) asked her why was she created, she said, 'to be a serene dwelling for you!' Similarly, the men have forgotten the advice of the Prophet (SAWS) when he said, "Treat women nicely".[9]




This was the story of our master Adam (AS). Did you love him and feel close to him? Did you fear sins? Did you love repentance and feel attached to it?




What is remaining is to tell you that when our Prophet (SAWS) was in Al-Israa and Al-Mi'raj (the night journey of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) from Makkah to Jerusalem and his ascension to the seventh Heaven) and he was ascending the heaven, he met our master Adam (AS) whom he did not know before. He saw a man sitting with a large number of people on his right and also on his left. When the man looked to his right he laughed, and when he looked to his left he wept. Then he said, “Welcome! O pious prophet and pious son.” The Prophet inquired from Jibril (AS) “Gabriel” who the man was and Jibril informed him that he was Adam (AS) and the people around him were his offspring. Those on his right were the people of Paradise and on his left, the people of Hell"[10]




Are you going to be on the right or on the left? I wonder.




Our master Adam (AS) then met the Prophet (SAWS) and said, "Welcome to the pious prophet and son". (In an authentic Hadith narrated by Bukhari).




The Prophet said, "On the day of Resurrection Allah will say, 'O Adam!' Adam will reply, 'Labbaik our Lord, and Sa'daik ' Then there will be a loud call (saying), Allah orders you to take from among your offspring a mission for the (Hell) Fire.' Adam will say, 'O Lord! Who are the mission for the (Hell) Fire?' Allah will say, 'Out of each thousand, take out 999.' “On the Day you will see it, every suckling female will get distracted away from whatever she has suckled, and every pregnant female will lay down her burden; and you see mankind drunken, and in no way are they drunken but the torment of Allah is strict” (TMQ, 22:2) (When the Prophet mentioned this), the people were so distressed (and afraid) that their faces went pale. Whereupon the Prophet said, "From Gog and Magog nine-hundred ninety-nine will be taken out and one from you. You Muslims (compared to the large number of other people) will be like a black hair on the side of a white ox, or a white hair on the side of a black ox, and I hope that you will be one-fourth of the people of Paradise." On that, we said, "Allahu-Akbar!" Then he said, "I hope that you will be) one-third of the people of Paradise." We again said, "Allahu-Akbar!" Then he said, "(I hope that you will be) one-half of the people of Paradise." So we said, Allahu Akbar."[11]




Next time, we will have the story of Kabil and Habil, the sons of Adam (AS). Was a woman the cause of Kabil murdering Habil? Who was the first prophet after Adam (AS), and what is the story of Idris (AS) “Enoch”?




[1] Suhanahu wa Ta'ala = Glorified and Exalted Be He


[2] A W = Aza-Wa-Jal = Glorified and Sublime be He.


[3] TMQ=Translation of the Meaning of the Qur'an. This translation is for the realized meaning, so far, of the stated (Surah:Ayah) of the Qur'an. Reading the translated meaning of the Qur'an can never replace reading it in Arabic, the language in which it was revealed.


[4] TWT=Tabaraka Wa Ta`ala [Most Blessed Most High].


[5] SAWS=All Prayers and Blessings of Allah be upon him.


[6] Radya-llah Anhu = May Allah be pleased with him.


6 Narrated Obay Ibn Kaa’b, Mousnad Imam Ahmad volume 5 ( Arabic version).


7 Narrated Abu Huraira, Sahih Muslim, No. (18) 854 (Arabic version)


9 Narrated Abu Huraira, Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book, 55, Number 548.


10 Narrated Abu Dharr , Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 8, Number 345.


11 Narrated Abu Said Al- Khudri, Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, 265.






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