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convertbrudah

A Plane Flight Opened My Eyes

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salam to u all

 

Im not a converted muslim, im more a revert in context... but i feel like iv made such a backward stance on Islam that im new to it all.

 

iv recently opened my eyes to my situation when i was on a plane going on holiday... it wus the feeling that i had no control at all of my fait, thousands of feet in the air... my fait was only in Allah's hands... in fact it always is, i could pass as i type this or when im 100 years old. But at that moment in time, as the plane took off something came over me that told me i should be ashamed of myself... an it was pure FEAR... fear ate me up as i sat in my seat... playing in my mind my final resting place being hell. The people around me didnt realise i wasnt crying because i was scared of flying, but my own blindness, to the shame of not worshiping Allah most gracious most merciful, from praying everyday and reciting many suras from the Holy Quraan to being a multiple sinner.

 

I realised i handed myself over to shayttan. Almost as if i was blind folded and my eyes opened on that flight. I recited every sura i still remember and mumbled myself until the plane landed.

 

I dont know how my practice of my religion fell off so fast... but my faith inshAllah is stronger than ever.

 

Something i did know was that i felt in adequte going to the mousqe because i wasnt taught prayer at home from my parents.

 

It wasnt long ago when i realised that i had been conducting my prayers wrong, or not in the correct form.

 

I have alot of muslim freinds who try to direct me always, may Allah bless them all, but i feel ashamed that im 20 and dont know how to conduct proper prayer, and it angers me that i allow my own pride stop me from asking questions.

 

I hope brothers that you can help me with how prayers are actually set out, what are the prayers you do before actually doing a normal Asr prayer for e.g.

 

What is the prayer after, how many rakats is it ussually?

 

All of this i dont understand, like when in the mousqe people pray before the actuall prayer of the Jumma prayer, it has never been explained to me an i just dont know wat that all is

 

Please if anyone can help me with this

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PropellerAds

alikumu salam brother. first off i must say that you are much better then most. Allah has chosen you on that flight, and he reavealed to you everything. let me repeat that: Allah has chosen you.

 

i am also a revert brother, so i know how you feel about doing salat. but here are the lessons i learned: 1) Allah only asks of us what we can do. if we cant do it(yet) he dose not ask of it. do your best, and Allah will reward you.2) there is alot to know, so take it slow. learn, digest, absorb, repeat. if you try to cram everything in all at once, you will tire yourself out, and then you will lose the motive to learn. trust me, i just learned this lesson today. take it slow brother, slow and steady wins the race as they say.

 

as for helping with the actual salat. i have a few recomendations:

1)other muslims in town. you have a mosqe, and the muslims there would jump on the chance to help you. it is a great pleasue and honour to help a brother in need. you will find all the help you could ever need.

 

2)the internet is great. google "how to salat" or youtube it. i have 2 different reciters and youtube, so if i cant understand one, i have the others to fall back on. but once again, nothing can beat the real thing.

 

3)realize how fourtanate you are. watch this video. (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_tv.muxlim(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/video/2yJYwQE4GWF/Ghuraba-Khalid-Yassin/"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_tv.muxlim(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/video/2yJYwQE4GWF/Ghu...-Khalid-Yassin/[/url]

 

this man, no matter how much he tries, will never be able to proterate to Allah in the physical form. but he is spritually devoted to doing it.

 

you have the ability to do both. you can walk to the supermarket. you can brab a bottle of water. you can drink that water on your own. and if Allah willed you could get hit by a bus tomorrow.

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamicfinder(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/prayer/index.html"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamicfinder(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/prayer/index.html[/url]

 

^^^this is a good website on how to pray. the transliteration is kinda hard, but it teached you the 4 rakat salat(fard).

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamicfinder(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/athanDownload.php"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamicfinder(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/athanDownload.php[/url]

 

this is the other half if this. it has the azan(call to prayer) on it, and it tells you your times for salat. it also tells you how many sunnah rakat, naflir and witr. NOTE: this is a very basic thing, once you get to reading books about salat, ther will be some small changes.

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetsearchtruth(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/download.php"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetsearchtruth(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/download.php[/url]

 

this is a quran auto reciter. it will help you learn the surahs you need to know to say salat.

 

for your example, the asr salat, there are 4 sunnah rakat before the 4 fard rakat. also before the 4 sunnah rakat somone dose the azan and Iqama.

 

mah'Allah brother i am happy you have found the way back to Allah, and insha'llah you will be succesfull. i pray for you brother and remember we are always here for you.

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alikumu salam brother. first off i must say that you are much better then most. Allah has chosen you on that flight, and he reavealed to you everything. let me repeat that: Allah has chosen you.

 

i am also a revert brother, so i know how you feel about doing salat. but here are the lessons i learned: 1) Allah only asks of us what we can do. if we cant do it(yet) he dose not ask of it. do your best, and Allah will reward you.2) there is alot to know, so take it slow. learn, digest, absorb, repeat. if you try to cram everything in all at once, you will tire yourself out, and then you will lose the motive to learn. trust me, i just learned this lesson today. take it slow brother, slow and steady wins the race as they say.

 

as for helping with the actual salat. i have a few recomendations:

1)other muslims in town. you have a mosqe, and the muslims there would jump on the chance to help you. it is a great pleasue and honour to help a brother in need. you will find all the help you could ever need.

 

2)the internet is great. google "how to salat" or youtube it. i have 2 different reciters and youtube, so if i cant understand one, i have the others to fall back on. but once again, nothing can beat the real thing.

 

3)realize how fourtanate you are. watch this video. you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_tv.muxlim(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/video/2yJYwQE4GWF/Ghu...-Khalid-Yassin/

 

this man, no matter how much he tries, will never be able to proterate to Allah in the physical form. but he is spritually devoted to doing it.

 

you have the ability to do both. you can walk to the supermarket. you can brab a bottle of water. you can drink that water on your own. and if Allah willed you could get hit by a bus tomorrow.

 

you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamicfinder(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/prayer/index.html

 

^^^this is a good website on how to pray. the transliteration is kinda hard, but it teached you the 4 rakat salat(fard).

 

you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetislamicfinder(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/athanDownload.php

 

this is the other half if this. it has the azan(call to prayer) on it, and it tells you your times for salat. it also tells you how many sunnah rakat, naflir and witr. NOTE: this is a very basic thing, once you get to reading books about salat, ther will be some small changes.

 

you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetsearchtruth(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/download.php

 

this is a quran auto reciter. it will help you learn the surahs you need to know to say salat.

 

for your example, the asr salat, there are 4 sunnah rakat before the 4 fard rakat. also before the 4 sunnah rakat somone dose the azan and Iqama.

 

mah'Allah brother i am happy you have found the way back to Allah, and insha'llah you will be succesfull. i pray for you brother and remember we are always here for you.

 

Brother, i cant thank you enough for your words and the very helpfull links

 

inshAllah u will be rewarded for helping me

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please no thanks brother, Allah thanks is due to Allah.

 

if you need anything else, feel free to ask :sl:

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i will copy out my salat book for you here, it was benifital to me. i would send you the book, but i am still reading it. once i am finnished with it though i would be happy to send it to you brother.

 

chapter 1:

 

Ibadah: the word ibadah comes from the arabic word "abd", which means slave or servant. Man is a born subject and servant of Allah. When he turns to Allah with humility and devotion, he proforms the act of ibadah. ibadah is a means for purifying man's physical and spritual life. In Islam, every good deed proformed to seek the pleasure of Allah is an act of worship.

 

the obligatory rituals of ibadah are kalimah(shahadah), praying (salat/prayer), fasting(saum), zakah(charity), and hajj(pilgramige). these are the 5 pillars of Islam.

 

the obligatory rituals of ibadah make "faith"(iman) to play a practacal and effective role in human life.ibadah is therefore somthing positive. it is the means by which te faithfulls can serve Allah as well as there fellow man. the prophet(S.A.W) is reported to have said: "salah is the pilliar of Islam and whoever abandones it, demoslishes the very pillar of relegion"

 

chapter 2:

 

Taharah:

 

Before a person can say their prayer, they must be clean and pure. the Qur'an says: "Truly Allah loves those who trun to him and those who care for cleanliness." Cleanliness of mind, of body and of clothes is called taharah or purifacation. it is only in such a state a condition of purifacation that a muslim may preforem salah.

 

purifacation of the body is attained by partial or total washing with clean water. the partial wash is known as "al-Wudu" or the ablution; likewise the total wash is known as al-ghusl, or washing(bathing) if the whole body.

 

Al-Wudu:

 

the porcess of preforming Wudu is as follows:

1)mentioning the name of Allah by saying "bismillahir rahmanir rahim"

2)wash both hands up to the wrist, making sure to wash between the fingers as well.

3)take a handfull of water, and rinse out the most three times

4)snuff water contained in your right palm into the nose then with the left hand eject the water 3 times. NOTE: do not inhale the water to much! it hurts!

5)fash the face from eat to ear and from forhead to chin.

6) wash the forearms from the wrist to the elbow, starting with the right forearm 3 times each.

7)run moustened hands over the head.

8)run moisened fingers through the ears, the first finger of each hand going across the inside of the corresponding ears while the thumbs run across the outside of the ears.

9) wash feet up to the ankles 3 times each starting with the right foot. make sure to wash between the toes.

 

if you have compleated "wudhu" before putting on socks or stocking, it is not necessary to remove them when you want to repeat the profrmance of "al-wudhu." it is enought to wipe over the stocking with wet hands. this may be done for a period of one day(3 if on a journey on the condition that that socks or stocking are not removed)

 

if they are removed, then you have to do wudu again. the process ends by saying the shahadah: Ashhadu An La Ilaha Illallah Wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammadar Rasulullah.

 

a fresh proformance of wudu is nessicerry if one: passes wind, touches genitels or becomes sexually excited, pays a visit to the lavoratory, falls asleep lying down, vomits violently, bleeds or incurs a flow of unpure fluid.

 

Al-ghusl:

 

begin by saying the name of Allah as for wudu. wash the hands and the affected body parts with water to remove any imputity. then proform wudu as above. then wash the body 3 times using clean water. Al-ghusl is only required when one :has a wet dream, maratial intercourse, child birth, or when entering the fold into Islam.

 

tayammum(dry ablution):

 

when you do not have water to do wudu with, it is permissable to do tayammum. the procedure is as follows: begin with saying the name of Allah as with wudu. strike both pals on sand, or anything containing sand or dust, like a wall or stone ect. pass the palms over the face once. stike sand again, rub the right hans with the left palm from the wrist to the elbow and do the same only in reverse for the left arm. finnish with shahadah.

 

chapter 3, conduct of salat:

 

time: each salah must be offered at or during it proper time. no salah can be offered before it time. there are 5 salat's per day

 

fajr: the morning prayer

zuhr: the early afternoon prayer

asr: the late afternoon prayer

maghrib: the sunset prayer

isha: the night prayer.

 

before you offer salah, make sure you are properly dressed. for men, your dress should be as such to cover your body drom the naval to the knee at least. women are required to cover themself from head to toe, leaving only the face and hands uncovered. the dress for salah must be clean from all filth.

 

3:place.

 

where ever a man may be, he can turn to Allah in salah and devotion. the porphet(S.A.W.) said "the whole of the earth has been rendered for me a Masjid: pure and clean." perferably salah is to be offered in jama'at congregation. whenever possible, one should be praying faing the ka'bah, mecca.

 

fard or nafilah:

 

salah is composed of the fard(obligatory) and nafilah/sunnah (superobligatory) prayers. the fard salat are five in a day.failure to preform any one of them is a blameable sin. the nafilah includes the sunnah, which the prophet(S.A.W.) preformed regularly before or after each fardh salah.

 

i will finnish this off later lol,

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prayers in special curcumstances:

 

when in circumstances where it is not possible to pray, or when on a journey, you are permitted to shorten a salah. such a shortened salah is known as salatul-qasr. when traveling one may offer 2 rakats in place of 4 rakats in zuhr, asr and isha, but there is no change in the 2 rakat for fajr and 3 rakat for maghrib salah. besides this consession in fardh salah, one may leave al the additional sunnah the two sunnah rakats of fajr and the witr(witr is a 3 rakat salat after isha salat. it is done in a special way, more on witr salat later my brother) or isha prayer. but a section of muslims do do the sunnah salats even on a journey.in case the stay at any one place during the journey exceeds a fortnight, complete salah, with all the fardh and sunnah rakats, must be offered.

 

if you are sick, you may offer your salat in a sitting position or lying in bed by making signs in place of the physical movments.

 

in journey, in sickness and in other ermergencies, one is allowed to offer 2 seperate salat jointly. this zuhr and asr can be offered together in the last part of the period of zuhr. same with isha and maghrib.

 

in congregation, azan is announced. i belive you have the recitation for this. but if you would like the tranliteration to go allone with it, this link has it: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_members.cox(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/arshad/adhaniqam.html"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_members.cox(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/arshad/adhaniqam.html[/url]

 

after azan and iqamah the salat begins. for salat you should aim to be humble towards Allah, be sencere in your salat and to not think of worldy things.

 

if you want help with salat, just PM me, i can send you the transliteration of the surahs. i only ask becasue i do not know if the reciters are all you need.

 

salat-ul-witr:

 

the three rakat prayers said after the fard and sunnah of isha is called salat-ul-witr. it is strongly recomendedin the practice of the holy prophet(peace be uppon him) and is wajib(necessary) according to one section of the muslims. others regard it as a sunnah salah.

 

the first 2 rakat of this salat are said like the first 2 salat in the maghrib salat. in the third rakat after reciting al-fatihah, recite some additional surah or verses from the wuran. then saying Allahu Akbar, rise your handes above your shoulders, then bring them back down to the daval, and hold the hands as normal, and recite a dua. this one or somthing like this is fine. this is called du'a-e-qunut or the prayer of submission:

 

Allhumma inna nasta'inuka

wa nastagh firuka

wa nu'minu bika wa

natawakkalu 'Alaika

wa nuthni 'Alaikal-khaira

wa nashkuruka

wala nakfuruka

wa nakhla'u wa natruku

many-yaf jutuka.

Allahumma iyyaaka n'abudu

wa laka nusalli wa nasjudu

wa ilaika nas'a

wa nahfidu wa narju rahmataka

wa nakhsha adhabaka

inna 'adhabaka bil-kuffari mulhiq

 

after saying this, say Allahu Akbar and bow down in ruku, then complete the prayer as normal

 

salat tables:

 

i will post the table like this: number of sunnah before fardh, number of fardh, number of sunnah after farf, number of nafilah

 

fajr:2,2,0,0

zuhr:4,4,2,2

asr:4,4,0,0

maghrib:0,3,2,2

isha:4,4,2,2+3(witr)+2

 

keep in mind brother i am still lerning salat myself, i an not perfect. if any other brother or sisters reading this see a mistake please mention it as i do not with to misinform anyone and maybe i too will learn somthing. also when i am done with this booklet i would like to send it to you, there is still much more in it.

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salam to u all

 

Im not a converted muslim, im more a revert in context... but i feel like iv made such a backward stance on Islam that im new to it all.

 

iv recently opened my eyes to my situation when i was on a plane going on holiday... it wus the feeling that i had no control at all of my fait, thousands of feet in the air... my fait was only in Allah's hands... in fact it always is, i could pass as i type this or when im 100 years old. But at that moment in time, as the plane took off something came over me that told me i should be ashamed of myself... an it was pure FEAR... fear ate me up as i sat in my seat... playing in my mind my final resting place being hell. The people around me didnt realise i wasnt crying because i was scared of flying, but my own blindness, to the shame of not worshiping Allah most gracious most merciful, from praying everyday and reciting many suras from the Holy Quraan to being a multiple sinner.

 

I realised i handed myself over to shayttan. Almost as if i was blind folded and my eyes opened on that flight. I recited every sura i still remember and mumbled myself until the plane landed.

 

I dont know how my practice of my religion fell off so fast... but my faith inshAllah is stronger than ever.

 

Something i did know was that i felt in adequte going to the mousqe because i wasnt taught prayer at home from my parents.

 

It wasnt long ago when i realised that i had been conducting my prayers wrong, or not in the correct form.

 

I have alot of muslim freinds who try to direct me always, may Allah bless them all, but i feel ashamed that im 20 and dont know how to conduct proper prayer, and it angers me that i allow my own pride stop me from asking questions.

 

I hope brothers that you can help me with how prayers are actually set out, what are the prayers you do before actually doing a normal Asr prayer for e.g.

 

What is the prayer after, how many rakats is it ussually?

 

All of this i dont understand, like when in the mousqe people pray before the actuall prayer of the Jumma prayer, it has never been explained to me an i just dont know wat that all is

 

Please if anyone can help me with this

 

Asalam wr wb my brother how are you? i hope you are well! Its very inspiring to read stories about brothers like you and we as your muslim brothers are all here to help you! I have pasted some information which i think may be of benefit to you! Please brother feel free to ask me if you need anything else!

 

Very Useful Information for New Muslims

________________________________________

This is a very useful post for new muslims:

 

I. Beliefs.

 

Islam has seven main beliefs. They are contained in the formula known as the Iman ul Mufassal. It goes as follows, "Amantu bil lahi wa mala-ikatihi wa kutubihi wa rasulihi wal yowm ul akhiri wal qadri, khayrihi wa sharihi min Allahi ta'ala wal ba'ith ba'ed al mowt."

 

In English it means, "I believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, Measurement, both the good and the bad are from Allah the exalted, and in life after death."

 

A. Allah. This is the name for "God" in Arabic. Allah is not a human, not a male and not a female. We only say the term "He" when referring to Him because there is no "It" in Arabic. All nouns are automatically masculine or feminine. Allah created everything and was never created. He is never born, He never has children and the human mind cannot encompass His magnitude and greatness. He is loving but just, merciful but stern. Only by surrendering to His will can we come into accordance with His universal will.

 

B. Angels: They are not human, nor male or female. They are the servants of Allah and never rebel against him. We believe in a devil-creature called Shaytan (Satan) but he is not a fallen angel. He is a creature called a Jinn who rebelled against Allah. Angels record our good deeds and bad and are behind the events of nature and enforce Allah's will in the universe, although He doesn't need their help.

 

C. Books: Allah has sent revelation to thousands of humans throughout history. Some of those revelations were organized bodies of teachings meant to be recorded as "books" whether written or oral to be handed on to future generations. We know the names of five of these books. They are: the scrolls of Ibrahim, (Abraham), the Taurah of Musa, (Moses), the Zabur (Psalms) of Dawud, (David), the Injeel of 'Esa (Gospel of Jesus) and the Qur'an of Muhammad. Only the last book has survived until the present day. All others have been lost or altered so much so that they are all but worthless.

 

D. Messengers: These are Allah's Prophets and Message-bringers to whom Allah gave revelation. Every nation and race on earth received at least one in the past. They all taught the same message: to surrender to Allah and do right. Thus we say they all taught Islam. The first was Adam and the last was Muhammad. The Qur'an mentions the name of 25 Prophets and Messengers.

 

E. The Last Day: Human history will end one day. Allah will end the earth at some future date and all human beings that ever lived will be raised up for Judgment Day. After each person's good and bad deeds as well as their beliefs are examined, they will be sent to either Paradise (Jannah) or Hell (Jahannam).

 

F. Measurement: Allah has measured the length of our life in this world, our economic status, where we will die, etc... The word "Qadr" is sometimes translated as destiny or pre-destination or even fate. But the word actually means "to measure."

 

G. Life After Death: Eternal life in either Heaven or Hell for our souls based on what we believed and did while we lived in the world. Some people will be taken out of hell and admitted to heaven when the term of their punishment is over.

 

II. Practices.

 

Islam has seven main practices in the life of a Muslim. Five of those practices are grouped together and are known as the Arkan al Islami, or Pillars of Islam. The following Hadith lists them as follows: "Buniyal Islamu 'ala khamsin: Shahadati an la ilaha ill Allah wa anna Muhammadar Rasul Allah. Wa ooqimus Salati wa i-ta azakati wa hajjil bayti wa saumi Ramadan."

 

In English it means: "Islam is built on five things: Declaring that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Establishing Prayer, paying the Charity, making a pilgrimage to the House and fasting in Ramadan."

 

A. Shahadah. Declaration of Faith. Saying, "Ash hadu an la ilaha ill Allah wa ash hadu anna Muhammadar Rasul Allah." "I declare there is no god but Allah

 

and I declare that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."

 

B. Salah. Prayer. This is the ritual prayer that Muslims perform at five set times each day. To neglect any one of them counts as a sin. The names and times of each prayer are as follows:

 

1. Fajr. Before sunrise.

 

2. Zuhr. About a half an hour after noon.

 

3. 'Asr. About two to three hours before sunset.

 

4. Maghrib. Immediately after sunset.

 

5. 'Isha. After the last light of the departing sun is gone from the sky.

 

C. Zakah. Purifying Charity. It is the annual payment of 2.5% of our yearly economic accumulations, after expenses, for the benefit of the poor, orphans, the needy, etc...

 

D. Saum. Fasting. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims abstain from all food, drink, anger, sex, smoking and bad deeds from just before fist light until sunset. This is a training time for us to learn to control our gluttony, anger and bodily needs. We learn our mind is stronger than our urges, weaknesses and desires.

 

E. Hajj. Pilgrimage. A once in a life-time trip to Mecca to purify your soul and reconnect with our ultimate purpose in life. The month of Hajj is when millions of Muslims all over the world arrive to serve Allah wearing only simple, white clothes and no status or titles. We remember the real poverty of this world and the severity of the Day of Judgment.

 

The other two practices are known as Da'wah and Jihad. Da'wah means calling others to Islam and Jihad means to struggle in Allah's cause. That struggling can be physical, spiritual or mental. The word Jihad does not mean "Holy War."

 

III. Holidays.

 

There are only two official holidays in Islam. One comes at the end of Ramadan and is called the 'Eid ul Fitr. (Festival of the Fast Breaking). The other comes at the end of the Hajj and is called the 'Eid ul Adha. (Festival of the Sacrifice.)

 

Some Muslims celebrate such things as the birthday of the Prophet, (Mawlud un Nabi), or the 'Eid ul Ghadir (which is a much later holiday centered on 'Ali, the Prophet's cousin, whom a group of Muslims called "Shi'a" revere), but standard Islam (Qur'an + Prophet's sayings and example) doesn't seem to give any overt or tacit support to these holidays. The Blessed Prophet said in authentic sayings that there were only two holidays in Islam, 'Eid ul Fitr and 'Eid ul Adha. The commemoration of the Prophet's birthday is debated among Muslim scholars.

 

IV. Halal and Haram.

 

Halal items are allowed by Allah. Most foods in the world are Halal. Haram means forbidden by Allah. Haram foods are alcohol and other intoxicants, pork, carrion, most carnivorous animals, meat dedicated to idols. For the meat of an animal, other than seafood, to be Halal for a Muslim, it must be slaughtered in a specific manner. The process is called Dhabiha. Basically it is a similar procedure to the Jewish method of kosher preparation. Kosher meat is also allowed for Muslims, as per the Qur'an. Some Muslims believe that "supermarket" meat and fast food meat is also halal, but Allah said in the Qur'an that the meat prepared by the Jews and Christians is allowed, whereas almost no one in America practices Christianity anymore, as it was practiced in ancient times. Modern slaughtering techniques, with their attendant cruelty and unsanitary nature, do not pass the halal test for us. It is a bit of a hardship but we believe in the prevention of cruelty to animals and modern slaughterhouses are places of tremendous cruelty. There are detailed books on the subject.

 

There are also Halal and Haram ways to make money. Any business or activity that involves Interest-money is Haram as is any business involving gambling, alcohol, Haram foods or deceit.

 

V. Male/Female Relations.

 

Islam provides a code of manners for male/female interaction outside the home. It is impossible not to interact with the opposite sex in daily life such as in the workplace, school or shopping centers. Some very conservative Muslims have this silly and misguided notion that men and women are forbidden to have any interaction unless they're married. Reading the Qur'an and Hadith, however, we get a different picture. The early Muslims, until recent times, had a relatively egalitarian attitude towards male/female relations. Muslims have only freaked out in the last two hundred years with isolationism and ultra-conservatism becoming rampant. Today's arch conservatives would have you believe that a woman's place is in the kitchen and nothing more, but this is not what you will find when you read about Muslim society in former times. Men and women can interact in legitimate settings such as in a business, market, school or social gathering provided they follow certain points of etiquette.

 

A. Women and men must be wearing clothes that fulfill Islamic requirements of decency. Men must be covered from the knees to the navel, and normal daily wear consists of some type of robe, or pant/shirt combo. A turban or some other form of a headgear is strongly recommended. Muslim men are required to have some sort of a beard (if they can grow one). Many secular minded Muslims do not wear a beard due to the influence of certain dominant cultures in the world which look down upon beards.

 

Women must be covered from their ankles to their necks and down to their wrists in loose fitting clothes. In addition, a head covering must be wrapped over the hair. This is called the Hijab, or scarf. (Khimar is a related term.) Face veils, gloves and socks are not required, even though some very conservative Muslims hold that it makes a woman more purified and sincere. (It is more a cultural trend than an authentic religiously sanctioned position.)

 

B. An unmarried man and woman should never be alone together in a room. No person should ever be alone with someone of the opposite sex unless they are married to that person.

 

C. Men and women are not to talk to each other in a soft or intimate-sounding voice unless they are married to each other. Women are to address men in a firm and even tone so that the men don't get any false ideas.

 

D. When meeting and greeting: Men shake hands and hug only other men. Women shake hands and hug only other women. (Unless they are married to each other, of course.)

 

E. Men and women who are not married to each other never touch.

 

F. If two people are interested in getting married, the woman should arrange for a male relative to act on her behalf as her representative. That way she doesn't have to feel pressured or undignified. If a woman doesn't have any reliable male relatives to represent her interests, she may choose another Muslim male, usually an Imam or other trusted person to act on her behalf.

 

VI. Names.

 

Islam does not require a person to change his or her name. The only case where a person should think about changing their name is if the meaning of their name is offensive. (Once a man came to the Prophet and introduced himself. The man's name meant "Downcast and somber." The Prophet suggested he change his name to a better once such as Abdur Rahman: "Servant of the Merciful.")

 

Many Muslims like to take on Islamic or Arabic-style names as an expression of their affiliation, but this is not required. An Arab name is not always an Islamic name. Names identified with Islam exclusively usually have some relationship to being a servant of Allah or to the Prophet and the most famous Muslims around him.

 

There are many books which give lists of names associated with both Islam and Muslim culture. Some examples of currently available books are:

1. A Dictionary of Muslim Names.

 

2. The Book of Muslim Names.

 

3. A Digest of Muslim Names. Amana Publications.

 

4. Names for Muslim Children.

 

VII. Islamic Phrases.

 

Islam has its own key phrases to use in daily life. Some of these are listed below along with the times to use them.

 

1. When starting to do something: "Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem."

(In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.)

 

2. When mentioning something that will be done in the future. "Insha'llah." (If Allah wills.)

 

3. When praising something say, "Subhanullah." (Glory to Allah.)

 

4. When in pain or distress. "Ya Allah." (O Allah.)

 

5. When appreciating something say, "Masha-Allah." (As Allah willed.)

 

6. When thanking someone. "Jazakullah." (Allah reward you.)

 

7. When you see something bad. "Nowthzubillah." (Allah protect us.)

 

8. When saying you're sorry to Allah for a sin. "Astaghfirullah." (Allah forgive.)

 

9. After sneezing or when you're happy about something. "Alhumdulillah." (Praise Allah.)

 

10. When meeting someone. "Assalamu 'alaykum." (Peace be upon you.)

 

11. Replying to the above greeting. "Wa 'alaykum assalam." (And upon you be peace.)

 

12. When hearing about a death or tragedy. "Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi rajiun."

 

(To Allah we belong and to Him we return.)

 

13. When giving in charity. "Fee eemanullah." (In Allah's faith.)

 

14. When taking an oath. "Wallah." (I Swear to Allah.)

 

15. If someone sneezes and they say, "alhumdulillah," you reply with, "Yarhamakullah." (Allah have mercy upon you.) The sneezer will reply back, "Yehdikumullah" which means, "Allah guide you."

 

Basic Islamic Terms

 

 

Every way of life has its own vocabulary. This enables people to communicate about detailed topics using only a few key words. It is important that Muslims learn the vocabulary of Islam so that we all know what we're talking about. This unites us as Muslims and brings us closer to a sense of belonging to the same community.

 

 

Abdul: This means "Servant of." Many Muslims like to change their names from non-Muslim names to Muslim names. A favorite choice is Abdul. But who is the person a servant of? You must always have something after "Abdul." The place to look is in the 99 Names of Allah. Allah has many names, such as Wadud (the Loving), Malik (the King), Rahman (The Merciful), Hakim (the Wise.) Just add one of those after Abdul and you become "The Servant of _______". (For example: Abdul Khaliq: The Servant of the Creator.) etc...

 

Adab: Manners.

 

Adhan: (Athzan) The call to prayer.

 

Ahl al Kitab: This means the "People of the Book." Allah uses this term in the Qur'an to refer to the Jews, Christians and any other people who received revelation from an authentic Prophet in the past. Because the Ahl al Kitab lost their revelations and twisted the teachings they had, Allah sent one last Messenger to the world, the Prophet Muhammad. He brought the Qur'an from Allah. The Ahl al Kitab are called to believe in Allah's last message. To repeat: their own message has been lost or changed so much that there is very little of Allah's truth left in it. The Bible is not the word of Allah. It is a book made up of people's writings that was put together by Europeans in the year 325 at Nicea. That's 300 years after the time of Prophet Jesus ('Esa).

 

Ahmadiyya: A sectarian movement that began in India over one hundred years ago. They believe that one man named Ahmed Ghulam is a new prophet from God. Their worldwide headquarters are in Qadian, India, and they have missions worldwide.

 

Akhee: My brother.

 

Akhirah: The next life.

 

Akhlaq: Your character and behavior.

 

Alhumdu lillah: All Praise is for Allah.

 

'Alim: A scholar. The plural is 'Ulema.

 

Allah: The name for God in the Arabic language. (Literally: THE GOD). Muslims prefer to say "Allah" no matter what language they speak because in Arabic it is a stand-alone word. In other words, you can't make it masculine or feminine, plural or whatever. In English you can change "God" to Gods, Goddesses, Demi-God, etc... There is no way to do that in Arabic to the name, Allah.

 

Islam teaches that Allah is not a male or a female, nor is He black or white. He is not even a human like us. We only use the term "He" when we refer to Him because their is no "it" in Arabic and it seems disrespectful to call Allah an "it" in English. Allah sometimes refers to Himself as "We" or "Us" but don't be mislead. In many languages, (including English) a single being can call himself a "We" if he wants to so that it emphasizes his power. Allah is everywhere and nowhere. He is never tired and He never needs a "rest." He is Loving and the upholder of justice and He is the Source of Creation.

 

Allahu Akbar: "Allah is the Greatest." This is the universal catch-all phrase of Muslims. When a Muslim shouts, "Takbeer" (Who's the Greatest!) everyone replies with "Allah Akbar!"

 

Amir: This means a leader. The Prophet said every group of Muslims must make a leader among them, even if they were only three in number. An Amir is not a dictator and can't just order people around, however. He must also be elected by the consent of the majority. Because Allah said believers consult each other in their affairs (shura), the Amir must listen to the opinions of the Muslim group and take them seriously. If an Amir begins to clearly go against Islamic teachings, then the Muslims must elect a new one.

 

Angels: In Arabic they are called the Mala-ika. They are created from light energy. Their only purpose is to serve Allah. They are behind the forces of nature. Some Angels are given the job of watching humans and noting their deeds for judgment day. Angels can take on physical form, sort of like a hologram, and can appear as humans or whatever. They are all good and never disobey Allah. They are not male or female. Christianity teaches that some angels went bad and that's where Satan and the devils came from. Islam teaches that this is not true. Angels are also not people running around in white robes with halos over their head.

 

Ansar: The helpers. The basic reference is to the new Muslims of Medina who helped the Prophet and the Meccan Muslims after they fled Mecca.

 

Arabic: A language which originated in the Middle East, specifically in the Arabian peninsula. It is the language Allah chose to reveal His last revelation to the world in.

 

Arkan al Islami: This means the Pillars of Islam. There are five main practices or "pillars" in the life of a Muslim.

 

Assalamu 'alaykum: "Peace be upon you." This is the universal Muslim greeting. The Prophet said that Muslims must use this greeting when they meet. There are also verses in the Qur'an about it. If a person approaches a group, the person should say it first. A younger person should greet an older person first. The reply is "Wa alaykum assalam." "And upon you be peace."

 

Ayah: A verse of the Qur'an. The word literally means a "sign." The plural is Ayat.

 

Bahais: A sectarian movement that grew out of Shi'a Islam, but then it broke away to form its own path. Bahaiism is basically a hybrid of Islamic philosophy wedded to a universalist outlook. Their headquarters are in Haifa, israel.

 

Barzakh: The time in between our death and the day we are raised up for judgment. Our souls will be in "storage" or Barzakh. The word literally means, "Partition" or "Dividing Line."

 

Bid'a: This means "Innovation" or "Unauthorized Changes." The Prophet forbade people from making any changes to the teachings or practices of Islam. He said such things and people would go to the Hell fire.

 

Da'wah: This means calling people (to Islam). If you're talking to someone about Islam you're doing Da'wah. A Da'i is the person who does Da'wah.

 

Deen: Way of Life. Islam is not a religion, it's a way of life.

 

Dhikr (Thzikr): This means to remember Allah. When you repeat words or sentences over and over so you can meditate on Allah and cleanse your mind, you are doing or making dhikr. Common dhikr phrases are: "La ilaha illa Allah" (There is no god but Allah.) "Subahanullah wa Bihumdeehee" (Glory to Allah and His is the Praise.) Saying that last one 100 times gets all your sins forgiven according to the Blessed Prophet. There are many more. Many Muslims like to get those prayer beads to help them keep count but the Prophet said you get more reward if you do it on your fingers alone.

 

Du'a: This means to call on Allah. Whenever you ask Allah for something, whether out loud or inside, you are calling on Him. You can make du'a in any words, in any language and Allah has promised to respond, although in a way we might not expect. Many Muslims like to learn some of the du'as that the Prophet said, but you can use your own words to talk to your Maker.

 

Dunya: This world. "Hayatud Dunya": "The life of this world."

 

'Eid: (Or: 'Id.) The Muslim holiday. There are two Eid's. One at the end of fasting in Ramadan is called Eid ul Fitr. The other after the Hajj is over is called Eid ul Adh ha.

 

Fard: Something you must do in Islam. Something that is required by Allah for us to do.

 

Fatwa: A scholar's opinion or judgment on an issue related to Islam. It is not binding on a Muslim if there is doubt about it or it can be shown to be faulty. Only a recognized scholar, or 'Alim can issue Fatwas and other scholars must investigate the veracity of their basis.

 

Fiqh: The science of understanding the Shari'ah. In the past small groups of people with similar opinions about the Shari'ah joined together and formed intellectual clubs called a Math-hab. Today there are five big groupings of these Madh-habs. Shaf', Hanbali, Maliki, Jafari and Hanafi. Not all Muslims accept the Jafari school as valid due to technical reasons. A Muslim can follow the ideas of any one of them or none of them at all. After all, we have the Qur'an, the sayings of the Prophet, the sayings of his companions and our brains. Don't be afraid to use them.

 

Ghusl: A full shower. A Ghusl is required after any sexual discharge or activity before prayers can be offered again. A Ghusl is highly recommended on Fridays before going to Jum'ah prayers.

 

Hadith: A saying or report by or about the Blessed Prophet. The most reliable collections of Hadith are named after the scholars who collected them in the early days of Islam and checked on them for accuracy. They are: Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, An Nisa'i, Ibn Majah. There are some good books that take Hadiths from the main six and group them by topic. Those good resource books are as follows: "Riyadh as Saliheen" "Mishkat ul Masabih" and "Al Muwatta."

 

Hafiz: (Hafithz) A memorizer or guardian of the entire Qur'an.

 

Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca.

 

Halal: Allowed for a Muslim.

 

Haram: Forbidden for a Muslim.

 

Hijab: The scarf a woman wears over her head. Some Muslims who like to compromise their beliefs say it's not required in Islam. It is, however, required and all women must wear it. The face-veil (niqab) is not required, but some women like to wear it. Islam does not require a woman to wear gloves or socks but some very conservative Muslims try to teach this. This is Bid'a. They didn't even have gloves, for example, in the Prophet's time in Arabia.

 

Hijra: To migrate. This term refers firstly to the great migration of the Muslims in the year 622 from the hostile city of Mecca, which was controlled by idol-worshippers, to the safer city of Madinah (then called Yathrib) where Islam could exist freely. The Islamic calendar begins with the Hijra as the first year.

 

'Ibadah: This term is often translated as "worship" but it is not a correct translation. The word worship in English just means praying and bowing, like worshipping in a church. But the term 'Ibadah literally means "service" and it comes from the root word, "to serve." When we say that Islam considers all life to be 'Ibadah, we mean that our whole life should be lived in the service of Allah. We are here to serve Allah. In Islam, any good deed, action or thought, even just holding a steady job or smiling at someone is considered doing 'Ibadah for Allah.

 

Iftar: The meal you eat after sunset in Ramadan. Suhoor is the light breakfast before first light in the morning during Ramadan.

 

Imam: Literally: leader. Although most Muslims take this term in the sense of a leader of the prayers, it does apply to the group leader outside of prayer as well. An Imam must be elected by the Muslims or at least accepted by them if he is appointed from outside. If the community rejects him, then he cannot be the Imam.

 

Eman: (Eemaan) Belief or faith. The root word of Eman is Amuna. It implies three meanings: 1) to believe, 2) to confirm that belief in your heart, and 3) to feel safe. Eman is what makes a person a Muslim. Often spelled "Iman".

 

Ihsaan: Usually translated as "goodness". The Prophet (p) defined it as knowing that Allah is watching you even though you don't see Him.

 

Injeel: The Gospel of Prophet 'Esa (Jesus). The New Testament of the Bible is not the Gospel of Jesus. The New Testament was written by a lot of different authors and contains stories about Prophet 'Esa, but it is not 'Esa's message. The present New Testament was assembled three hundred years after the time of Prophet 'Esa by a group of white men on a Greek Island who voted on what their "holy" book should contain. Most of the votes were hotly debated! The Roman emperor who ordered them to do it then told all Christians to accept this new compilation of writings. All other Christian writings were ordered to be destroyed. The New Testament contains four books called Gospels: (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John). Hundreds more "Gospels" from other authors were burned. A few such as the Gospel of Barnabas and Thomas have survived. The Gospel of Jesus was never written down and is lost.

 

Insha'llah: If Allah wills.

 

Iqamah: The second call to prayer just before the actual prayer begins.

 

Islam: To surrender to Allah and find peace.

 

Jahannam: Hell.

 

Jam'a: Together, in a group.

 

Jannah: Paradise, Heaven. It literally means "the Garden."

 

Jibra'il: The angel that brought Allah's revelation to the Prophet. Allah is so powerful and majestic that it is beneath him to reveal Himself to humans. We are like an ant next to a star in comparison to Allah. He sends the angels to do these small jobs, though He doesn't need them. In English his name is Gabriel.

 

Jinn: These are another type of creature Allah created. They are invisible to us but they can see us. They were made from fire elements and thus are pure energy. They are not like ghosts or weird monsters. They can influence your thoughts, encourage you to do wrong, and whisper fears into your mind. They can be good or bad. The good jinn leave us alone. The bad ones, who are also called Shayateen, or Devils, want to destroy you. Astrologers and fortune tellers get their "predictions" and "readings" from them. Jinn spy on the Angels and learn secrets about the future, then they whisper it into the minds of the fortune tellers. Jinn live, die and have families like us but they exist on another plane altogether. The Prophets could control the Jinn but none of us ordinary people can. Although we believe Jinn can possess a human body, Islam teaches that it's not very common. Don't believe every "Jinn story" Muslim immigrants will tell you about their aunt or second cousin's brother. Most of it will be superstitious stories that are culturally based.

 

Jumu'ah: The Friday Prayer in which all Muslims gather to hear a sermon called a Khutba. It's time is in place of the Zuhr Salah, usually somewhere between 12 pm and 2 pm. It is mandatory on all men to attend. It is optional for women. The Prophet said if you miss three Jumu'ahs in a row then hypocrisy will start to enter your heart.

 

Kafir: This means a person who covers up the truth. Usually we say the easier English word "unbeliever." The plural is Kuffar. (Unbelievers.) The noun (unbelief) is Kufr.

 

Khalifah: This word means Steward, Manager or Care-taker. Allah made humans to be the Khalifah of the earth. In other words, we were given the earth as a trust to take care of. We shouldn't ruin it or pollute it. The head of the Muslim Ummah is also called a Khalifah because he is to take care of the Muslim community. Muslims are supposed to elect a Khalifah, but there hasn't been a world-wide Khalifah for a long time.

 

Khatib: The person who gives the Khutbah, or Friday sermon. The preacher during Friday services.

 

Kitabullah: The Book of Allah. (The Qur'an.) The word Kitab means book.

 

Mahr: The money (or whatever else) that the man has to give to a woman in order to marry her. It is called the marriage-gift and a woman can ask for whatever she wants. If it is money, it can be deferred and paid gradually over time. The husband can never take it away for any reason.

 

Malik ul Mawt: The Angel of Death.

 

Masjid: Literally means, "the place of bowing." This is the name for a Muslim prayer hall.

 

Madh-hab: This means, "School of Thought." In Islam we have the Qur'an, the example of the Prophet and the sayings and guidance of the Prophet's companions. Through the centuries, various Muslim scholars have tried to make those teachings easier for Muslims to live by through organizing them, talking about them and trying to use those tools to find answers to questions where those first three sources are quiet.

 

Of course different opinions developed between different scholars and some people chose to follow one scholar or the other. Those differences in ideas about how to follow Islamic rules are called "Schools of Thought." There are five main schools today. Some people say you have to "follow" one of those schools to be a Muslim, but this is not true. You have to follow Islamic teachings but you don't have to put some label on yourself. Each of the five schools is named after the scholar who founded or inspired it. The five are: Maliki, Hanafi, Hanbali, Shaf'i and Jafaari. Most "Shi'a" Muslims follow the Jaafari school. The books and writings of the schools are a good source of information about the particulars of Islam, but our real label is, "I am a Muslim, and only a Muslim." The Shaf'i school is considered the easiest school and the Hanbali is considered the hardest in terms of social and personal rules.

 

Mecca: (Also spelled Makkah). A city in Arabia founded thousands of years ago by Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). At that time it was called "Becca." Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, was born there in the year 570.

 

Medina: (Also spelled Madinah). A city about 200 miles north of Mecca. The Prophet established the Islamic community there. He passed away there and is buried there.

 

Mu'adhan: The person who does the call the prayer.

 

Mujahid: A person who does Jihad.

 

Mu'min: A person with Iman. A true believer.

 

Mus-haf: The Arabic text of the Qur'an. "Brother, hand me a Mus-haf." (Qur'an with the Arabic in it).

 

Mushrik: A person who commits Shirk (making partners with Allah). Usually an idol-worshipper. A Hindu would be considered a Mushrik because they bow down to statues.

 

Muslim: A person who surrendered to Allah and is working at finding peace.

 

Nabi: This term means Prophet.

 

Nafs: This is often translated as "soul" but it really means "the self," i.e. "You and only you."

 

Naar: The fire (of Hell).

 

Nikkah: The wedding ceremony.

 

Qadr: This term is often translated as "Destiny" or "Pre-destination." This is not entirely accurate. It means literally "to measure." The religious idea behind it is that Allah measured everything in the universe. The length of your life is "measured," as is your fortune and your life's circumstances. Because of the knowledge of Allah, He knows if you will be a believer or a kafir but He doesn't make you be either one of those.

 

Qadiani: Another name for the sectarian Ahmadiyya movement.

 

Qiblah: The direction of Prayer. All Muslims make their prayers, or salat, facing Mecca. Allah commanded us to do this in the Qur'an as a show of unity and to remember Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who built the first shrine there in that place so many thousands of years ago. Prophet Adam is said to have built an even older shrine many thousands of years before that in that very place.

 

Qur'an: This is the name of the Book Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad from the years 610-632. Allah revealed it in stages, one section at a time, as the Muslims were ready to follow it. It has 114 chapters called surahs. It was revealed in the Arabic language and has never been lost, changed or edited, like the Bible or Buddhist books have.

 

We have lots of translations of the Qur'an into English, but a translation can never be as good as the original words and their full meaning. All Muslims try to learn Arabic so they can read the Qur'an. Be advised, there are two different types of Arabic. The first is the language of the Qur'an, in other words, whatever vocabulary words are used in the Qur'an. The second type of Arabic is everyday Arabic, in other words, things that would help you talk about a sports game, a vacation or a day at the office. Many Muslims get bogged down by studying the second type of Arabic. You should work towards the first type if your main goal is to understand the Qur'an.

 

Ramadan: The ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims are required to fast from before sunrise to sunset every day of this month. There are many details concerning this so consult the section on beliefs and practices.

 

Rasul: This term means Messenger.

 

Ruh: Your spirit or soul. Allah gave it to you on loan and thus you had better not sin and dirty it up.

 

Sadaqah: Charity.

 

Sahaba: A companion of the Prophet.

 

Sahabiyat: The female companions of the Prophet.

 

Sajda: Bowing on the floor in prayer; prostration.

 

Salafi: This is the name of a group of Muslims who try as hard as they can to imitate the Blessed Prophet in every aspect of life. Their name comes from Salaf, (ancestors) which is a reference to the Sahaba and the generation immediately after them. The Salafis take them as models as well. Sometimes it may seem that the Salafis emphasize the laws and punishments of Islam so much that they make you feel there is no Islamic love and mercy. This is because they are sometimes very zealous in their views. Other Salafis know that the Prophet emphasized the heart and soul more than outward rules. After all, if you don't have love of Allah deep in your heart, you won't follow any rules, no matter how harsh the punishments. The great advantage to listening to the Salafis is that they can always be relied upon to be concerned about what is correct and incorrect. They tend to be conservative on women's issues. Not all Muslims accept many of their more extreme positions.

 

Salat: (or Salah) This means prayer, the prayer in which you stand, bow and prostrate. The literal meaning of the word is: to make a connection with.

 

Shahadah: The Declaration of Faith. By believing in and declaring the following phrase, a person becomes a Muslim: "Ash hadu an la ilaha illallah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadar rasulullah." "I declare that there is no god but Allah, and I declare that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." There are other ways to say this formula but this is the most common one. When a person accepts Islam, all his or her past sins are forgiven and his or her record is wiped clean and they start again from that moment as if they were just born.

 

Shaykh: Literally: Chief or Boss. It is the title that Muslims sometimes give to their scholars. It is not required in Islam but many people like to use this term.

 

Shari'ah: It is usually translated as Islamic Law. It means the path of Islam.

 

Shi'a: This is the name of a sect or division in the Muslim community. Shi'aism (Partisanship) began originally as a political protest against the first Khalifah, Abu Bakr but it eventually grew into a separate sect of Muslims with its own version of Islamic teachings. About 10-15% of the world's Muslims are Shi'as. While they are still Muslims and believe in almost everything that Sunnis do, there are some serious differences in their understanding and practice of Islam vis-à-vis the majority Sunni community.

 

The biggest group of Shi'as are known as the Twelvers, (they believe in a line of 12 leaders) then there are the Seveners, Isma'ilis, Alawiya and others. The Baha'is came out of the Shi'a community in Iran. (Baha'ism is a religion created in the 1800's in Iran.) The Druze of Syria and Lebanon also came from Shi'aism. All Shi'a groups share a belief that the Prophet's cousin, 'Ali, should have been the first Khalifah, not the fourth, and that only blood relatives of the Prophet Muhammad can be Khalifahs.

 

Shirk: This is the greatest and most terrible sin. It is the one sin that can keep your soul out of Paradise and doom you to Hellfire. It means making partners with Allah. If a person says that there are many gods, or says that Allah is divided up into different people (such as the Trinity teaching of Christianity) then they are committing Shirk. Allah said it is the one sin He won't forgive if you die while doing it. The Blessed Prophet Muhammad once mentioned also that a person who likes to feel greatness in their heart was also committing a kind of Shirk. This is because all greatness is for Allah and we should always try to be humble. The Prophet also said, "La Yad khulu al Jannah min kana fee qal beehee mith qalu habbatin min kibr." "They won't enter Paradise, the one who has even a little bit of the love of greatness in their heart."

 

Shaytan: (or Shaytan) It means Satan. (The literal meaning is to separate from.) Islam teaches that a Jinn named Iblis didn't want to bow when Allah commanded a bunch of angels to bow down to Adam in respect of his knowledge. Iblis thought he was better than both humans and angels. Allah banished him to earth and let him have extended life until the Day of Judgment. That is because Iblis challenged Allah and said if he had time he would corrupt all human beings. Iblis's name literally means "Frustrated." He is also known as the Shaytan, or Satan.

 

Siyam (or Saum) Fasting.

 

Subhanullah: "Glory to Allah." This phrase is said whenever we're happy or when we see something wonderful.

 

Sufi: This is the name for a group of Muslims who want to be super-spiritually oriented. Sufis tend to try and be as close to the Sunnah as possible and they like to do group dhikr and chanting. While most Sufis are okay Islamically, there are a few groups that go way out and are close to being outside of Islam. Such far off groups sing, dance, twirl around, drink wine, deny Salat, etc... Most Sufis you will encounter are of the okay kind. They are distinguished by their traditional Islamic dress and turbans. The word Sufi comes from the term for wool cloth, which was a material early Sufis liked to wear to emphasize how they didn't want to be captured by the love of fineries in this world.

 

Sufis organize themselves into "orders" or groups, called Tariqas. These groups are headed by a leader called a Shaykh who is considered the most spiritual man with the most Taqwa among them. Some famous Sufi Tariqas that operate all over the world are the Naqshabandis and Qadiriyya. The most famous Sufi Muslim scholars that ever lived are Jalaluddin Rumi, Muhammad al Ghazali and Abdul Qadir Jilani.

 

Suhoof: "Scrolls." This is the name of the revelation given to Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) about 4,000 years ago. It was lost.

 

Sunnah: The example or "way" of the Prophet. How he lived his life and what his practices were.

 

Sunni: This is the name of the largest sect or group of Muslims. This group amounts to about 85-90% of all Muslims world-wide. Sunni's believe in the mission of the Prophet as he taught it and try very hard to adhere to the Prophet's example with no changes. This doesn't mean that Sunni's are somehow the only 'true' Muslims, however, because the Prophet never taught that we should even label ourselves Sunni's or Shi'as.

 

Sunni Islam is just closer to real Islam. The best thing for a Muslim to do is to drop all the labels and just say, "I'm a Muslim." But there are many Muslims in the world who get emotional about wanting to call themselves some kind of label besides the basic, "I'm a Muslim." Have patience with them and do what is right. The term Sunni comes from the title, "Ahl as-Sunnah wal Jam'a" which means, "People of the Example (of the Prophet) and the Main Group (of First Muslims)."

 

Surah: It is a chapter of the Qur'an. The word literally means "a step up in progression" or a "fence."

 

Tafseer: Commentary or explanation of the Qur'an. Many Qur'an translations will have footnotes on the bottom of the page to help you understand the meaning of an ayah. That would be called Tafseer.

 

Taqwa: This term means many things at once. The first meaning is that you are always aware that Allah is watching you. This brings you to the second meaning and that is that you will try to be good always. Do you see how the two things wrapped together can be so beautiful? When a Muslim has Taqwa, we say they are "Aware of Allah" Conscious of Allah" and striving to be righteous.

 

Tauhid: Sometimes it's spelled Tawhid. It means the Oneness of Allah. Allah has no partners, He is not divided up into parts and He is not in need of anyone to help Him in anything whatsoever.

 

Taurah: The revelation given to Prophet Musa (Moses). The first five books of the old testament in the Bible are said to be the "Torah" of Moses, but no serious Bible scholar, whether Jewish or Christian believes that anymore. Musa's message was lost long ago. Just take a look, everything about Prophet Moses in the Bible is written in third person: "And Moses said this," and "Moses went there," Someone else wrote those things, certainly not Moses!

 

Ukhtee: My sister.

 

Wahy: This word means revelation or inspiration. When Allah was revealing His messages to the Prophet, we would say the Prophet was receiving "Wahy." The Blessed Prophet once said that after him, all Wahy from Allah was finished except for one thing: dreams that can come true.

 

Wudu: Washing for prayer.

 

Yowm ul Qiyamah: The Day of Judgment. (Literally: Day of Standing.)

 

Zabur: The revelation given to Prophet Dawud (David). The Psalms in the Bible are not the pure Zabur. Christian scholars admit that at least half of the verses in Psalms were written by temple priests, government workers, etc, in ancient israel. And no one knows which half are from Prophet Dawud and how many have been lost or altered.

 

Zakah: This is often translated as "Charity" or "Poor-due" but the literal meaning of the word is actually, "Purifying." Zakah is the third pillar of Islam. It involves giving 2.5% of your yearly wealth, after expenses, for the benefit of the poor and the needy. The "purifying" part comes in by learning not to be greedy. If you give some of your money for the sake of Allah to the poor, you make your heart less prone to greed.

 

islamicedfoundation(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/guide1.htm

 

Another useful website:

 

muslimtents(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/aminahswo...w_muslims.html

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Salat (prayer) and its translations

 

Allahu akbar

 

Allah is the greatest!

 

Subhana Kal-lah hum-ma wabi hamdika wata-bara kasmuka wata'ala jad-duka wala ilaha ghyruka.

 

Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you.

 

A'uzu bil-lahi minash Shayta-nir-rajeem

 

I seek Allah's protection from Satan who is accursed.

 

Bismillah hir-Rahma nir-Raheem

 

In the name of Allah, the most Kind and the most Merciful.

Alhamdul lil-lahi rab-bil 'alameen

Ar rahma nir-raheem

Maliki yawmid-deen

Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'een

Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem

Siratal Lazeena an'amta 'alayhim

Ghai-ril maghdubi 'alayhim

Walad dal-leen. Ameen

 

Translation:

 

Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe.

The most Kind, the most Merciful.

The master of the Day of Judgement.

You alone we worship and to you alone we pray for help.

Show us the straight way,

The way of those whom you have blessed.

Who have not deserved your anger,

Nor gone astray.

 

Qul huwal lahu ahad.

Allah hus-Samad.

Lam yalid walam yulad.

Walam yakul-lahu Kufuwan ahad.

 

Say: He is Allah, the only one.

Allah helps and does not need help.

He does not produce a child, and He was not born of anyone.

There is no one equal to Him.

 

Subhana Rabbi'al Azeem

 

"Glory to my Lord the Exalted".

 

Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah

 

“Allah listens to him who praises Him"

 

Rabbana lakal Hamd

 

"Oh our Lord, all praise is to you".

 

Subhana Rabbi yal A'ala

 

"Oh Allah glory be to you, the most high."

 

AttahiyyaatuLillahi Was Salawatu Wattayyibatu Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabi 'yu 'Warahmatullahi Wabarka'tuhu Assalamu Alaina Wa'ala'Ibadillahis Saa'liheen, Ash'had'u'un La ilahaillallahu Wa Ash'hadu Anna MuhammadunAbd'uhu Wa Rasooluh

 

All compliments, all physical prayer and all monetary worship are for Allah.

Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings.

Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah.

I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah

And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger

 

Allahumma Salleh Alaa Muhammadin Wa'ala' Aale Muhammadin Kama Sallaiyta Alaa Ibraheema Wa' Ala Aale Ibraheema InnakaHameedum Majeed

 

Allahumma Baarak Alaa Muhammadin Wa' Ala Aale Muhammadin Kama Baarakta Alaa Ibraheem Wa' Ala Aale Ibraheema Innaka Hameedum Majeed

 

Oh Allah, send grace and honour on Muhammad and

On the family and true followers of Muhammad

just as you sent Grace and Honour on Ibrahim

and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim

Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

 

Oh Allah, send your blessing on Muhammad and

the true followers of Muhammad, just

as you sent blessings on Ibrahim

and his true followers

Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

 

Rab bij'alnee muqeemas salati wa min

zur-riy yatee rab-bana wata qab-bal du'a,

rab-ba nagh-firlee wali waliday-ya

wa lil mu-mineena yawma yaqumul hisab.

 

Oh Lord, make me and my children keep up prayers,

Our Lord, accept our prayer,

Our Lord, forgive me and my parents

and all the Believers on the Day of Judgement.

 

Rabbana Aatina Fid Duniya Hasanataw Wafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina Azaaban Naar

 

"Our Lord, grant us the good of this world and that of the Hereafter and save us from the torture of hell.”

 

Assalamu Alai'kumWarah'matullah

 

“Peace and mercy of Allah be on you".

 

Dua Qunoot (to be recited in the 3 rakat Witr Prayer at the end of third rakat after alhamdu and surat then touch ears and say allahu akbar and recite this dua)

 

Allah humma inna nast'eenuka wa nastaghfiruka wa nu'minu bika wa natawak-kalu 'alayka wa nuthne 'alayk-al khayr. Wa nashkuruka wa laaa nakfuruka wa nakhla'u wa natruku man-y yafjuruka. Allah humma iyyaka na'budu wa laka nusal-lee wa nasjudu wa ilayka nas'a wa nahfidu wa narju rahmataka wa nakhsha 'azabaka inna 'azabaka bil kuf-fari mulhiq.

 

Translation:

 

Oh Allah, we ask you for help and seek your forgiveness, and we believe in You and have trust in You, and we praise you in the best way and we thank You and we are not ungrateful to you, and we forsake and turn away from the one who disobeys you. O Allah, we worship You only and pray to You and prostrate ourselves before You, and we run towards You and serve You, and we hope to receive your mercy, and we fear your punishment. Surely, the disbelievers will receive your punishment.

 

By Mufti Taqi Usmani

 

Introduction:

 

Salah is a pillar of Din. Doing it just right in accordance with Sunnah is the responsibility of every Muslim. Unfortunately, we go about performing the cardinal dictates of Salah in a carefree manner following our whims, hardly caring to see that those dictates have to be carried out in the manner they were passed on to us by the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam).

 

This is why most of our Salah offerings remain deprived of the gleams and blessings of Sunnah, although, following these dictates just right hardly takes any more time or labour. What is needed is a touch of concern. If we give a little time and some attention, learn the correct method and make a habit of it, then the time that we spend in making our Salah today would remain the same yet the Salah thus performed would have the advantage of having been made in accordance with Sunnah and its rewards and merits and its gleams and blessings would be much more then what you experienced earlier.

 

The revered Companions, may Allah be pleased with them all, took great care while performing each single unit of the act of Salah, and while doing so, they continued learning about the Sunnah of the Prophet from each other.With this need in view, this humble write had explained to a gathering the Sunnah method of Salah as mentioned by the Hanafi jurists and had pointed out to incorrect practices which seem to have gained currency. By the grace of Allah, the listeners found it very beneficial. Some friends wished to make this discourse available as a printed brochure so that a much larger number of people would be able to use it to their advantage. So, in this brief write-up, the objective is to explain the Masnun method of and the step-by-step way of putting it into practice with due etiquette. May Allah Almighty make it beneficial for all of us and give us the taufiq it. AminBy the grace of Allah, there are a large number of books, big and small, dealing with the precepts of Salah.

 

Hence, presenting a comprehensive account of Salah problems and rulings is not the objective here, instead, the immediate concern is to relate a few important points which would help synchronize the form of Salah with the demands of Sunnah. Another aim is to sound a note of warning against mistakes and shortcomings that seem to have gained a lot of currency these days.Acting in accordance with the brief words of advice given here will, Inshallah, help make our Salah fall in line with Sunnah, at least in it’s outward appearance when a Muslim could humbly submit before his Lord.

 

Lord, here I am, bearing similarly to Your beloved, through in form only, yet hoping---- You shall make it real.

 

And what get to do is by the help and support of Allah, in Him I place my trust and towards Him I turn passionately.

 

How to Perform Salah Correctly

 

( Muhammad Taqi Usmani )

 

 

Before you begin the Salah:

 

 

Check the following and be sure that you are doing things the way they should be done

 

1. It is necessary that you face the Qiblah.

 

2. You should stand upright and your eyes should be focused on the spot where you make your Sajdah. Bending your neck and resting your chin on the chest is makruh (reprehensible). Similarly, standing in Salah while your chest is bent down is also not correct. Stand upright in a way that your ayes keep looking at the spot where you make your Sajdah.

 

3. Note that the direction of the fingers on your feet is towards the Qiblah and that your feet also have the same straight stance facing Qiblah. (Placing feet tilting to the right or left is contrary to Sunnah). Both feet should be in the direction of the Qiblah.

 

4. In between both feet, there should be a minimum span of four fingers of the hands as ready measure.

 

5. If you are making your Salah with jama’ah (congregation), make sure the line you are standing in is straight. The best method to make sure that the line is straight is that each person position the farthest ends of both his heels at the farthest end of the prayer-rug or at lines that mark out on rug from the other.

 

6. While in jama’ah, satisfy yourself by making certain that your arms are close to the arms of those who are standing on your right and left and that there is no gap in between.

 

7. It is impermissible, under all conditions, to let the lower portion of your ankles. It is obvious that its repugnance while standing for Salah increase much more. Therefore, be sure that the dress you are wearing is higher then your ankles.

 

8. Sleeves should be full, covering the whole arm. Only hands remain uncovered. Some people make their Salah with sleeves rolled up. This method is not correct.

 

9. It is makruh to stand for Salah while wearing clothes which one would not normally wear in public.

 

When you begin the Salah

 

1. Make niyyah or intention in your heart to the effect you are offering such and such Salah. It is not necessary to say the words of the niyyah verbally.

 

2. Raise your hands upto your ears in a way that palms face Qiblah and the end of the thumbs either touch the lobes of the ears or come parallel to them. The rest o the fingers stay straight pointing upwards. there are some who would tend to turn the direction of their palms towards their ears rather then having them face the Qiblah. There are some others who almost cover their ears with their hands. There are still others who would make a faint symbolic gesture without raising their hands fully upto the ears. Some others grip the lobes of their ears with their hands. All these practices are incorrect and contrary to Sunnah. These should be abandoned.

 

 

3. While raising your hands in the manner stated above, say "Allahu-Akbar". Then,using the thumb and the little finger of your right hand, make a circle round the wrist of your left hand and hold it. You should then spread out the three remaining fingers of our right hand on the back of your left hand so that these three fingers face the elbow.

 

4. Placing both hands slightly below the navel, fold them as explained above.

 

 

When you are standing:

 

1. If you are making your Salah alone, or leading it as Imam, you first recite Thana’; then Surah al-Fatihah, then some other Surah. If you are behind an Imam, you only recite Thana’ : and then stand silent listening attentively to the recitation of the Imam. If the Imam’s recitation is not loud enough for you to hear, you should be thinking of Surah al-Fatihah using you heart and mind without moving your tongue.

 

2. When you are reciting yourself, it is better that you, While reciting Surah al-Fatihah, stop at every verse and break your breath. Recite the next verse with fresh breath. Do not recite more then one verse in a single breath. For example, break your breath at "Alhum do lillahi Rabbil Aa'lameen" and then on "Ar-Rahmanir-Rahim" and then on "Maleki Yaumid'deen".

 

Recite the whole Surah al-Fatihah in this manner. But, there is no harm if, during recitation that follows, more then one verse has been recited in a single breath.

 

3. Do not move any part of your body without the need. Stand in peace - the more, the better. If you have to scratch or do something else like that, use only one hand and that too, under very serious compulsion using the least time and effort.

 

4. Transferring all the weight of the body on to one leg and leaving the other weightlessly loose to the limit that it shows a certain bend is against the etiquette of Salah. Abstain from it. Either you transfer your body weight equally on both legs or if you must channel your body weight on one leg, you have to do it in a way that the other leg shows no bend or curve.

 

5. If you feel like yawning, try your best to stop it.

 

6. When standing for Salat, keep you eyes looking at the spot where you make your Sajdah. Abstain from looking to your right and left, or front.

 

When in Ruku:

 

When you bend for Ruku’, watch out for the following:

 

1. Bend the upper part of your body upto a point where the neck and back nearly level up. Do not bend any more or less then that.

 

2. While in Ruku’, do not bend the neck to the limit that the chin starts touching the chest, nor raise it is high that the neck goes higher than the waist level. Instead, the neck and the waist should be in one level.

 

3. In Ruku’, keep feet straight. Do not place them with an outward or inward slant.

 

4. Place both hands on your knees in a way that fingers on both hands stay open. In other wards, there should be space between every two fingers when you thus go on to hold the right knee with your right hand and the left knee with your left hand.

 

5. In the state of Ruku’, wrists and arms should remain stretched straight. They should not bend, curve or sag.

 

6. Stay in Ruku’, at least for a time during which "Saubhan Rabbiyal Azeem" could be said three times calmly and comfortably.

 

7. In the state of Ruku’, the ayes should be looking towards the feet.

 

8. Body weight should be evenly distributed on both feet and both knees should be parallel to each other.

 

Returning to the standing position from Ruku:

 

 

1. While returning from Ruku’, back to the standing position, see that you stand straight leaving no sag or droop in the body.

 

2. In this position as well, eyes should be fixed on the spot where you do your Sajdah.

 

3. Three are those who simply make a ‘gesture’ of rising from the Ruku’ instead of rising fully and standing upright when it is time to do so and who, in that every state, when their body is still bent downwards, go on to do their Sajdah - for them it becomes obligatory that they make their Salah all over again. Therefore, abstain from it very firmly. Unless you make sure about having become perfectly straight in your standing position, do not go for Sajdah.

 

When gowing down for Sajdah:

 

 

Remember the following method when gowing down for Sajdah:

 

1. Bending the knees first of all, take them towards the prayer floor in a way that the chest does not lean forward. When the knees have already been rested on the floor, the chest should then be lowered down.

 

2. Until such time that the knees have come to rest against the floor, abstain, as far as possible, from bending or lowering the upper part of the body. These days negligence in observing this particular rule of etiquette while getting ready to go for Sajdah has become very common. Many people would lower down their chest right from the start and go on to do their Sajdah. But, the correct method is what has been stated in #1 and #2 above. Unless it be for a valid reason, this method should not be bypassed.

 

3. After having rested your knees on the floor, place your hands first, then the tip of the nose, then the forehead.

 

In Sajdah:

 

1. While in Sajdah, keep your head in between your two hands in a way that the end of the two thumbs come parallel to the ear-lobes.

 

2. In Sajdah, fingers on both hands should remain close together, that is, the fingers should be adjacent to each other leaving no space in between them.

 

3. The direction of the fingers should be towards the Qiblah.

 

4. The elbows should stay raised off the floor. It is not correct to rest the elbows on the floor.

 

5. Both arms should stay apart from armpits and sides. Never keep them tucked in.

 

6. Do not, at the same time, poke your elbows far out to your right and left causing discomfort to those making Salah next to you.

 

7. The thighs should not come in contact with the stomach-wall. The stomach and the thighs should stay apart.

 

8. During the entire Sajdah, the nose-tip should continue to rest on the floor.

 

9. Both feet should be placed upright on the floor with heels showing on top and all fingers turned flat on the floor in the direction of the Qiblah. Those who cannot turn all their fingers because of the physical formation of their feet, they will still do well to turn them as much as they can. It is not correct to place the fingers vertically on the floor just for no valid reason.

 

10. Be careful that your feet do not lift off the floor during Sajdah. Some people would their Sajdah while none of the fingers on their feet come to rest on the floor even for a moment. This way the obligation of Sajdah is not liquidated at all, as a result, the Salah too becomes invalid. Be very particular in abstaining from this error.

 

11. In the state of Sajdah, the least time you can give yourself should be sufficient enough to say "Saubhan Rabbiyal Aa'la" three times, calmly and comfortably. Raising the forehead immediately after having rested it on the floor is prohibited.

 

In between the two Sajdahs:

 

 

1. Rising from the first Sajdah, sit up straight, on the hams, calmly and comfortably. Then go for the second Sajdah. Doing the second Sajdah after raising the head just a little bit and without becoming straight is a sin. If one does it like that, it becomes obligatory that the Salah be made all over again.

 

2. Spared out the left foot (like the blade of a hockey stick) and sit on it. Let the right foot stand vertically with fingers turned towards the Qiblah. Some people let both feet remain in upright position and sit on the heels. This method is not correct.

 

3. While sitting, both hands should be placed on the things but fingers should not taper down onto the knees., instead, the far ends of the finger tips should reach only as far as the beginning edge of the knee.

 

4. While sitting, let your eyes be on the lap.

 

5. Sit for a time during which "Saubhanul-Allah"could be said at least once and if your can sit for a time during "AllahummaghFirli Warhamni Wasturni Wahdini Warzuqni"could be recited, it is better. But, reciting this during Fard (obligatory) Salah is not necessary. It is better to do so in Nafl Salah.

 

The second Sajdah and rising from it:

 

 

1. Go on to do your second Sajdah in the same manner by first placing both hands on the floor, then the nose-tip, then the forehead.

 

2. The complete from of Sajdah should be the same as mentioned in connection with the first Sajdah.

 

3. When rising from Sajdah, first raise the forehead off the floor, then the nose-tip, then the hands, and then the knees.

 

4. While rising, it is better not to learn for support off the floor, however, should it be difficult to get up from the floor because of body-weight, sickness or old age, making use of the floor for support is also permissible.

 

5. After you have risen back to your standing position, recite "Bismillah" before Surah al-Fatihah in the begining of each raka’ah.

 

In Qa’dah:

 

 

1. The method of sitting in Qa’dah shall be the same as mentioned in connection with the method of sitting between Sajdahs.

 

2. When you reach "Ashhadu Allah-ilaha" while reciting "At-tahiyyat"raise the shahadah finger (the fore-finger or the index finger) with a pointing motion and let it fall back at "Illul-lah".

 

3. The method of making a pointing motion is that you make a circle by joining your middle finger and the thumb, close the little finger and the ringfinger (the one next to it), then raise the shahadah finger in a way that it is tapered towards the Qiblah. It should not be raised up straight in the direction of the sky.

 

4. However, lower the shahadah finger while saying "Illul-lah".but retain, right through the end, the initial formation of the rest of the fingers you already had when making the pointing motion.

 

When turning for Salam:

 

 

1. When turning for Salam on both sides, you should turn your neck just enough that your cheeks become visible to the person sitting behind you.

 

2. When turning for Salam, eyes should be towards the shoulders.

 

3. When turning your neck to the right to say "Asslamu Allaikum Wa-Rahmatullah"make an intention that you are offering your Salam greetings to all human beings and angles on your right. Similarly, while turning for Salam to the left, have the intention of offering your Salam greeting to all human beings and angels present on your left.

 

The method of Du’a:

 

 

1. The method of Du’a is that both hands be raised high enough so that they come in front of the chest. Let there be some space between the two hands. Do not bring the hands close together nor keep them far apart.

 

2. When making Du’a, keep the inner side of the hands turned towards your face.

 

Salah For Women:

 

 

The method of Salah describe earlier is for men. The Salah as offered by women differs from that of men in the following aspects. Women should be careful about what is required of them:

 

1. Before they begin their Salah, women should make sure that their whole body, except the face, the hands and the feet, is covered with clothes.Some women offer their Salah with the hair on their head remaining uncovered. Some have their wrists left uncovered. Some women use scarfs so thin or small that their hair tresses are visible dangling down underneath. If, during the Salah, any part of the body, even if it be equal to one-fourth, remains uncovered for a time during which one could say "Saubhan Rabbiyal Azeem" three times, the Salah itself would not be valid. However, should the uncovered portion be less than that, Salah would take place but the sin shall stay.

 

2. For women, making Salah in the room is better than doing it in the verandah and doing it in the verandah is better than doing it in the courtyard.

 

3. While starting the Salah, women should not raise their hands upto their ears, instead, they should raise them upto their shoulders, and that too, from within the scarf or other outer wrap being used. Hands should not be taken out of this cover.

 

4. When women fold their hands on the chest, they should simply place the palm of their right hand on the back of the left forehand. They should not fold their hands on the navel like men.

 

5. In Ruku’, women are not required to straighten their backs fully like men. Women should bend less as compared to men.

 

6. In the position of Ruku’, men should open up their fingers while placing them on the knees, but women are required that they place their hands on the knees with fingers close together, that is, there be on space between fingers.

 

7. Women should not stand on legs absolutely straight, instead, they should stand with knees slightly bent forward.

 

8. In Ruku’, men are required to keep their arms stretched, away from the sides. But, women should stand with their arms close to their sides.

 

9. Women should stand with both feet close together. Specially, both their knees should just about be joined together. Let their be no separating distance between legs.

 

10. While doing Sajdah, the method prescribed for men is that they should not lower their chest until such time that their knees come to rest on the floor. But this method is not for women. They can, right from the start, lower their chest and go for Sajdah.

 

11. Women should do their Salah in a manner that the stomach-wall come to rest against the thighs and the arms stay close to the sides. In addition to that, omen do have to position their feet, upright, they should spread them on the floor sliding them out towards the right.

 

12. Men are prohibited to place their elbows on the floor while making Salah. But, women should place the whole arm, including the elbows, on the floor.

 

13. When sitting between Sajdah and when reciting "At-Tahiyyat", sit on the left hip, side both feet out to the side and let the left foot reset on the right calf of the leg.

 

14. Men are required that they be careful about keeping their finger upon when bending for Ruku’, and keeping then close together in Sajdah, and then, leave them as they are during the rest of the Salah, when they make no effort either to close or open them. But, it required of women, under all conditions, that they keep fingers close together, that is leave no space between them. This is required all along in Ruku’, in Sajdah, between two Sajdah and in the Qa’dahs.

 

15. It is makruh (reprehensible) for women to make a jama’ah (congregation) The very act of offering their Salah alone is better for them. However, should mahram-members of the family be making their Salah with jama’ah within the house, there is no harm if they join in with them in the jama’ah. But, in a situation like this, it is necessary that they stand exactly behind men. They should never stand next to them in the same row.

 

 

The Masjid Some Essential Rules Of Conduct:

 

 

1. While entering the Masjid, recite the following Du’a:

"Bismillahi Was-Salatu Was-Salam Ala Rasul-ullah. Allahumma Aftahli Abwaba Rahmatik"

( I enter with the name of Allah and with the prayer that Allah bless His Messenger and bestow upon him. O Allah, open for me the doors of Thy mercy.)

 

2. Immediately on entering the Masjid, make an intention that ‘I shall be in I’tikaf for whatever time I stay in the Masjid: By doing so, Insha’-Allah, the spiritual reward of I’tikaf can also be hoped for.

 

3. Following entry into the Masjid, it is better to sit in the front row. But, in case space in the front has already been taken up, sit wherever you find an opening. Advancing forward by leap-frogging people’s necks is not permissible.

 

4. Salam greeting should not be offered to those already sitting in the Masjid and busy in Dhikr or recitation of the Qu’ran. However, should one of them be not so engaged and looking at you on his own, there is no harm in offering such Salam greeting to him.

 

5. If you have to offer Sunnah or Nafl Salah in the Masjid, select a spot where there is the least likelihood of people crossing in front of you. Some people start up their Salah in the back rows while ample space remains open in the front. Because of this act of theirs, it becomes difficult for other to cross over and they have to make a long detour to reach open sitting spots. Offering Salah in this manner is a sin in itself, and should a person happen to cross in front of the person making his Salah, then this sin of his crossing over in that manner will also rest on the shoulders of the person making such a Salah.

 

6. After entering the Masjid, if you find that you are there a little ahead of the Salah timing, then, before you sit down, make two raka’ahs with the intention of Tahiyyah al-Masjid. This has great merit. If there is not time for that, you can combine the intention of Tahiyyah al-Masjid within the Sunnah Salah. And if, you do not have the time even to make your Sunnah Salah and the jama’ah is ready, this intention could also be combine with that of the Fard Salah.

 

7. As long as you sit in the Masjid, keep doing Dhikr. Specially, keep reciting the following Kalimah devotedly:

"Saubhanullahi Walhumdo Lillahi Wala Ilaha Illullaho Wallaho Akbar" Sanctified is Allah and for Allah is all praise and there is no god but Allah is great.

 

8. Do not engage yourself in unnecessary conversation while sitting in the nothing else that may disturb those devoting to their ‘Ibadah of Salah or Dhikr.

 

9. If the jama’ah is ready, fill in the front rows first. If space is open in the front row, it is not permissible to stand in the back row.

 

10. From the time when the Iman takes his place on the Mimber to deliver the Friday Khutbah right through the end of the Salah, it is not permissible for anyone to talk, make Salah or to offer Salam to anyone or to answer Salam offered. However, should anyone start talking during this time, it is also not permissible that he be asked to keep quiet.

 

11. Sit during the Khutbah as you sit in Qa’dah when reciting at-Tahiyyat. Some people sit hand folded during the first part of the Khutbah and then place their hands on the things during the second. This method is baseless. One should sit with hands on the thighs during both.

 

12. Abstain from everything that may spread filth or smell in the Masjid or cause pain to anyone.

 

13. When you see anyone doing something wrong, ask him not to do so, quietly and softly. Totally avoid insulting him openly, or rebuking him, or quarrelling with him

 

Article taken (with Thanks) from darululoomkhi.edu.pk

 

 

 

How to perform salah in three parts(very helpful)

 

uk.youtube(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/watch?v=5ltoqq...eature=related

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7 Steps to Increased Iman

 

By Sumayyah Meehan

 

The Prophet Muhammad (S) said: "Faith wears out in the heart of any one of you just as clothes wear out, so ask Allah to renew the faith in your hearts” (Mustadrak al-Haakim).

 

Our Iman is not always as sound and strong as we want it to be as it often fluctuates according to life circumstances. There are several causes for weakening Iman such as deficiencies in our prayers or the insinuating whispers from the Shaytan. Regardless of the cause, it is crucial for all of us to keep a check on our Iman and if we feel it is faltering in any way then we should take measures to restore it. It is our responsibility to know which things decrease our Iman and how to avoid them and those that increase our Iman and how to embrace them.

 

Here are 7 ways that we can all brighten our Iman starting today!

 

1. Recognise and Repent

 

All humans commit sins no matter how hard we try to avoid them. Engaging in evil deeds decreases our Iman. Actions like lying, cheating and stealing, to name only a few, take a toll on the human heart which makes us more susceptible to being lead astray from the Path of Allah. It is important for us to reflect upon our deeds and weed out the ones that are contrary to the teachings of the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (S). Allah has gifted us with an innate sense of justice and the ability to reason and make sound judgements. Our fitrah (natural disposition) necessitates that we all know when we are committing a sin. And if we don't know, we certainly have a bevy of resources to find out from!

 

2. Perform Salah Regularly

 

Completing the five daily prayers, on time and according to the Sunnah, is an excellent way to increase our Iman. Not only are we performing an obligatory deed when praying, but by doing so we have a standing audience with the Creator of this world where we can ask for help and mercy. The effect of the salah on the human soul is cooling as Muhammad (S) once said that it cooled his eyes. The salah connects us with our Creator and, along with obedience to Allah, helps us to enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil.

 

 

Allah Almighty says in the Holy Qur’an:

 

"The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses -this Qur’an- are recited unto them, they (i.e. the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone); Who perform salah and spend out of that We have provided them. It is they who are the believers in truth. For them are grades of dignity with their Lord, and Forgiveness and a generous provision (Paradise)” (Al-Anfal: 2-4).

 

Salah is the second pillar of Islam. It is the distinction between Islam and disbelief. It is reported that "the first thing a person will be asked about on the Day of Judgment is whether he or she fulfiled his or her duty toward salah; if it is good, the rest of his or her deeds would be good; but if it is bad, the rest of his or her deeds would be bad." And the Qur'an, when addressing believers, frequently repeats the command to "establish Prayers."

 

Prayer is the pinnacle of good deeds, and the peak of obedience. `Uthman ibn `Afan (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "If the time for a prescribed Salah comes, and a Muslim performs Wudu' properly (and then offers his Salah) with humility and bowing (to Allah), it will be an expiation for his past sins, so long as he has not committed a major sin; and this is applicable to all times." (Reported by Muslim)

 

Humran said that he saw `Uthman performing Wudu'; he washed his hands thrice, rinsed his mouth and then washed his nose, by putting water in it and then blowing it out, and washed his face thrice, and then washed his right forearm up to the elbow thrice, and then the left forearm up to the elbow thrice, then wiped his head with water, washed his right foot thrice, and then his left foot thrice and said, "I saw Allah's Messenger performing ablution similar to the one I’ve just performed, and then he said, 'Whoever performs Wudu' (as I’ve just done) and then offers two Rak`at in which he does not think of worldly things, all his previous sins will be forgiven.'" (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

One should know that Salah consists of pillars, duties, and Sunnan. The spirit of Salah is intention, devotion, and contemplation of heart.

 

Without contemplation, invocation is of no avail since this will be futile utterance. By the same token, all other acts of Salah will not bring forth its avowed fruits, i.e., the act of Qiyam (standing) connotes service and Sujud (prostration) implies humility and glorification, which will never be attained without attention. Allah, Most High, says, "It is not their meat or their blood that reaches Allah: it is your piety that reaches Him." (Al-Hajj: 37)

 

It is now clear that what counts most in the Sight of Allah, Most High, is the state of the heart, by which one submits to the commands of Allah. In this way alertness and mindfulness are required in Salah even if a lapse of negligence is pardoned by the Law-Giver as long as consciousness dominates it.

 

Nevertheless, the following three are the yardstick of any acceptable Salah:

 

1- Consciousness: It means to show indifference to all worldly interests and have absolute consciousness of Allah, Most High. The cause of such consciousness is decisive intention since the man who has decisive intention to do something, necessarily puts his heart to it.

 

Consciousness, in fact, differs according to the strength of belief in the Hereafter and scorn of this world. Therefore, if you miss consciousness in Salah, you should know that the root-cause of this is weakness of faith, and so you should exert yourself to strengthen and bolster it.

 

2- Reflection on the words; this is the second step after consciousness: Consciousness may be present without grasping the meaning, and so attention should be directed to grasping the meaning by refraining from thinking of other matters.

 

3- Glorification and fear of Allah, Most High, which emanate from two facts: realizing the Majesty and Magnificence of Allah, and looking down upon one's self, which would result in humility and consciousness. Hope is also an important factor in Salah. The one who offers Salah should hope for the reward of Allah, and fear the punishment due to his imperfection.

 

The worshiper should contemplate on every act of Salah. When he hears the Adhan (Call to Salah), he should remember the call on the Day of Judgment, and prepare himself to the answer, thinking how to reply. When the worshiper covers his private parts, he should remember his concealed vices which no one knows except Allah, Most High, and which require repentance.

 

When the worshiper faces the Qiblah (Direction of Salah), he turns his face towards the House of Allah and turns his back to all other directions. No doubt, directing his heart towards Allah is worthwhile.

 

When you say: "Allah is Greatest", your heart should not belie your tongue. If you believe that there is something greater than Allah, you will be a liar. Be cautious.

 

When you say: "I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan", you should take into account that you resort to Allah, Most High. In this case, if your heart is not in tune with your tongue, what you say will be nonsense and irrational. Try to grasp the meaning of what you say.

 

When you say: "Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds," you should ponder over the meaning of these words. Also, you reflect on Allah's mercy when you read: "Most Gracious, Most Merciful". Think about Allah's power when you read: "Master of the Day of Judgment". In this way, one should reflect on what he reads or say in Salah.

 

It is reported that Zararah ibn Abi Awfa (may Allah be pleased with him) fell dead when he recited the Qur'anic verse, "Finally, when the trumpet is sounded." (Al-Muddathir: 8) This is, no doubt, is due to his imagination of this horrible scene.

 

When bowing, try to show humility to your Lord. Likewise, you should be more humble when prostrating since you place yourself in its proper and original position, namely, the earth from which you have been created. In this case, try to reflect on what you say.

 

 

3. Qur’anic Recitations

 

Medical studies have shown that simply listening to a recitation of the Holy Qur’an has a physiological effect on our bodies. Research has also proven that the Qur’an has healing qualities on the body, mind and spirit. What better way to increase your Iman than to listen to a recitation of the Holy Qur’an on an audio device! Listen to the melodious rhythm of the Qur’an and while doing so try to reflect upon the meanings of what you are listening to.

 

4. Engage in Dhikr

 

"…Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest." (13:28)

 

Remembering Allah much through acts of dhikr brings peace to the heart. It also gives us a sense of taqwa, a consciousness that makes us realise that Allah Almighty is ever near and that we should always strive to please Him. Some beneficial dhikr include:

 

Subhan'Allah- 'Praise be to Allah'

Al-Hamdullilah- 'Thanks be to Allah'

Allahu Akbar – 'Allah is the Greatest.'

 

Abu Huraira(ra) Narrates Prophet(saw) said: "Whoever says, subhanan allahi wa bihamdihee(I deem Allah free of any resemblance to anything whatever in any repeat and i glorify his praises) one hundred times a day, will be forgiven all his sins even if they were as much as the foam of the sea" - Bukhari,b73;c19

 

5. Voluntary Fasting

 

Fasting can be thought of as a prescription for us, which cures the maladies of the human soul. There are innumerable benefits to fasting nawafil fasts. Fasting helps us be thankful to Allah for His Bounty, control unlawful desires, have compassion for the less fortunate and it weakens the effects of waswas, the insinuating whispers from the Shaytan.

 

6. Carry Out Good Deeds

 

Doing good deeds for others can be like switching on a light bulb in a darkened room. No matter how awful we are feeling there is just something about offering a helping hand to someone in need that lifts our spirits and brightens our Iman.

 

Allah Almighty says in the Holy Qur’an: "For those who believe and work righteous deeds is a reward that will never fail” (Fussilat: 8).

 

Types of good deeds that any of us can fulfill include acts of dawah, feeding a poor person or donating something of value to charity. Not only does the deed benefit another person but it also benefits our own souls by polishing up our Iman.

 

7. Trust in Allah

 

The best way to increase your Iman is to completely submit your will to Allah by following every command in the Qur’an and Sunnah. Live your life according to them and you will find success around every corner. Turn to Allah in times of distress and be thankful to Allah in times of bounty. Have patience in Allah's Decree and always remember that no matter what trials or tribulations we face in this World, one day we will be called to account for our deeds which were hopefully sent forth with much goodness and patience.

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