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A-Believer-23

Do We Have Free Will?

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As-salam alakum

 

Do we have free will? I have been trying to understand the prper belief about Qada wa Qadr (Predestination) and it seems like we don't have free will.

 

Will I be put to account if I can't understand Qadr properly even though I believe in it?

 

Can someone help me?

 

Inshallah

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:sl:

 

We do have free will. And there is Qadar. If it seems like a contradiction but it really isn't. Human beings were given limited power over their lives in the sense that they control the choices they make. However, these choices are subject to the laws and decree of Allah. Meaning, everything happens with the will of Allah, including our free will. And everything happens with the knowledge of Allah, be it in the present or the future.

 

Think of it this way. One day, you wake up and consider whether to stay home from school, or go. You decide to go. You choose between eating cereal or toast for breakfast and you decide on toast. And then instead of taking the bus or train, you decide to drive your car. What you've done is exercise your God given ability to make choices; your free will. Allah has gifted us with free will so that we can not only choose between mundane, everyday decisions, but also whether to follow the religion of Islam or to choose otherwise.

 

Now, imagine that after deciding to drive your car to school, you realize that the car won't start. What does this mean? It means that what you wished to happen was not what Allah willed. Allah decrees what happens and what does not, and the car failing to start is what Allah has willed even though you wanted something else.

 

Allah does not fault us for our lack of understanding. But belief is the most important thing, and believing that you have free will and that Qadar exists is important.

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:sl:

 

We do have free will. And there is Qadar. If it seems like a contradiction but it really isn't. Human beings were given limited power over their lives in the sense that they control the choices they make. However, these choices are subject to the laws and decree of Allah. Meaning, everything happens with the will of Allah, including our free will. And everything happens with the knowledge of Allah, be it in the present or the future.

 

Think of it this way. One day, you wake up and consider whether to stay home from school, or go. You decide to go. You choose between eating cereal or toast for breakfast and you decide on toast. And then instead of taking the bus or train, you decide to drive your car. What you've done is exercise your God given ability to make choices; your free will. Allah has gifted us with free will so that we can not only choose between mundane, everyday decisions, but also whether to follow the religion of Islam or to choose otherwise.

 

Now, imagine that after deciding to drive your car to school, you realize that the car won't start. What does this mean? It means that what you wished to happen was not what Allah willed. Allah decrees what happens and what does not, and the car failing to start is what Allah has willed even though you wanted something else.

 

Allah does not fault us for our lack of understanding. But belief is the most important thing, and believing that you have free will and that Qadar exists is important.

 

Salam

 

Thank you for the reply. :sl:

 

So when Allah (SWT) decreed what we do, it does not mean he commanded us or forced us to do what we do like if we sin or something, it just means he allowed us to do what we chose to do, right?

 

What if a person wanted to be a Muslim, would their ever be a moment where Allah (SWT) will not allow a person to believe and be a Muslim for what ever reason?

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The concept of free will should be thought in the context of algorytms.

Our life is algorytm. At each step we face several choices and we use our free will to pick one. That choice leads us to many other sets of options the consequences of which are only known to Allah SWT.

Some of us go though more complex algorytms and some of much simpler ones. Our final destination is only known to Allah SWT.

 

Our experience teach us the right options which lead to Paradise. Thus when we enter Jannah we won't be doing any wrong. This is the way we mature so we don't ever fall into the trap of Shaitan as our parents Adem and Havva did in the first place.

 

So all of this life is like a school to men and women of Jannah. Allah SWT teaches us the proper ways till we die. May Allah SWT guide us to the right path!

 

PEACE

Edited by Ghazi Turk

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Salam

 

Thank you for the reply. :sl:

 

So when Allah (SWT) decreed what we do, it does not mean he commanded us or forced us to do what we do like if we sin or something, it just means he allowed us to do what we chose to do, right?

 

:sl:

 

Allah does not control our thoughts and choices. He does not make us do something unless we, as human beings, choose to do it. Our free will gives us the option of either obeying Allah or disobeying Him. Notice that I use the word "does not" and not "cannot". Allah could control our thoughts and intentions if it pleased Him, instead He gave us the ability to think for ourselves.

 

Compare human beings to angels. Angels were created without free will. They are incapable of doing anything except what Allah orders. If He says obey Me, they do so immediately. It is not in their programming, so to speak, to do otherwise. To choose otherwise. To think otherwise. But Allah tells human beings to obey Him through the revelation of His book and yet, you still see people who choose not to. That is what is meant by free will. A person's ability to choose between different options, for better or worse.

 

What if a person wanted to be a Muslim, would their ever be a moment where Allah (SWT) will not allow a person to believe and be a Muslim for what ever reason?

 

Guidance ultimately comes from Allah, without Him, no one can become a true believer. But it doesn't mean that Allah would prevent someone from discovering the truth if they truly wanted it. If someone turns to Allah, He will welcome them and open their hearts to the acceptance of Islam. If they turn away from Him, He will turn away from them and they will be without light.

 

22. Is he whose breast Allah has opened to Islam, so that he is in light from his Lord! So woe to those whose hearts are hardened against remembrance of Allah! They are in plain error!

23. Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other, (and) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah. He guides therewith whom He wills; and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide. [Az-Zumar]

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Assalamu Alaykum

 

Imagine a Labyrinth (have you ever read the book or seen the movie (The Flowers of Algernon?)):

 

Imagine you have a labyrinth in front of you:

 

You are the one who built the labyrinth and you are able to control the labyrinth. You take a two mice and put them inside the labyrinth. You leave them be and let them walk until they find the way out. The right way is the way to jannah and the other ways that lead astray. You have somehow knowledge about the mice because you studied them for a long time and you know their behaviour. Therefore, you have the foreknowledge of what this or that mouse might do, because you expect the mice in a certain way in a certain situation, but his does not have to be that case, because the mouse may do an action that you would not expect.

 

You created the means for the mouse to either fail or win. You created the possibilities. You know what happens if this mouse goes to this or that direction, but you don't control the mouse itself. You control the labyrinth. With a push at a button the might be a wall come down to crush the mouse or a hole appear where the mouse may fall into, but you do not force the mouse into the hole or you do not you your hand to lead the mouse to the wrong or write direction. If you do it then this is guidance for the mouse.

 

You have the foreknowledge, but you leave the decision to the mouse which way to go. The mice cannot control the labyrinth itself, but the mouse can make the decision which direction to go if it stands at a crossroad. There might be signs which help the mouse to identify from true and false.

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