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Recently Discovered Science In The 1400 Yr Old Qur'an

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Allah the almighty says in the Qur'an which was revealed over 1400 years ago:



It is He Who has created you from dust then from a sperm-drop, then from a leech-like clot; then does he get you out (into the light) as a child: then lets you (grow and) reach your age of full strength; then lets you become old,- though of you there are some who die before;- and lets you reach a Term appointed; in order that ye may learn wisdom.

This verse along with many others are just some of the reason's why many scientists in particular have converted to Islam along with many other people over the centurys especially now because more people are converting to Islam in Europe and America especially than any other religion in the world!


The Qur'an contains science that was only discovered recently take a look for yourself in this website:







Edited by dot

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The Birth of a Human Being


Many diverse subjects are mentioned in the Qur'an in the course of inviting people to believe. Sometimes the heavens, sometimes animals, and sometimes plants are shown as evidence to man by God. In many of the verses, people are called upon to turn their attention to their own creation. They are often reminded how man came into the world, which stages he has passed through, and what his essence is:


"It is We Who have created you. Why, then, do you not accept the truth? Have you ever considered that (seed) which you emit? Is it you who create it? Or are We the Creator?"

(The Qur'an, 56:57-59)



"Does man reckon he will be left uncontrolled (without purpose)? Was he not once a drop of ejected semen?"

(The Qur'an, 75:36-37)


As we have seen, the Qur'an informs us that man is made not from the entire semen, but only a small part of it. That the particular emphasis in this statement announces a fact only discovered by modern science is evidence that the statement is divine in origin.



"We created man from a mingled drop to test him, and We made him hearing and seeing."

(The Qur'an, 76:2)


"He has created both sexes, male and female from a drop of semen which has been ejected."

(The Qur'an, 53:45-46)


The wrapping of muscles over the bones


"(We) then formed the drop into a clot and formed the clot into a lump and formed the lump into bones and clothed the bones in flesh; and then brought him into being as another creature. Blessed be God, the Best of Creators!"

(The Qur'an, 23:14)



The bones of the baby completing its development in the mother's womb are clothed with flesh during one particular stage.


Embryology is the branch of science that studies the development of the embryo in the mother's womb. Until very recently, embryologists assumed that the bones and muscles in an embryo developed at the same time. For this reason, for a long time, some people claimed that these verses conflicted with science. Yet, advanced microscopic research conducted by virtue of new technological developments has revealed that the revelation of the Qur'an is word for word correct.


These observations at the microscopic level showed that the development inside the mother's womb takes place in just the way it is described in the verses. First, the cartilage tissue of the embryo ossifies. Then muscular cells that are selected from amongst the tissue around the bones come together and wrap around the bones.


Three Stages of the Baby in the Womb


In the Qur'an, it is related that man is created in a three-stage process in the mother's womb.


"... He creates you stage by stage in your mothers' wombs in a threefold darkness. That is God, your Lord. Sovereignty is His. There is no god but Him. So what has made you deviate?"

(The Qur'an, 39:6)


As will be understood, it is pointed out in this verse that a human being is created in the mother's womb in three distinct stages. Indeed, modern biology has revealed that the baby's embryological development takes place in three distinct regions in the mother's womb.


God said in the Quran about one of the evil unbelievers who forbade the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, from praying at the Kaaba (Holy Masjid):


Let him beware! If he does not stop, We will take him by the Naseyah (front of the head), a lying, sinful Naseyah (from of the head)! [Holy Quran 96:15-16]


Why did the Quran describe the front of the head as being lying and sinful? Why didn't the Quran say that the person was lying and sinful? What is the relationship between the front of the head and lying and sinfulness?


If we look into the skull at the front of the head, we will find the prefrontal area of the cerebrum, in the area we call the forehead. What does physiology tell us about the function of this area? A book entitled Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology says about this area, "The motivation and the foresight to plan and initiate movements occur in the anterior portion of frontal lobes, the prefrontal area. This is a region of association cortex.." Also the book says, "In relation to its involvement in motivation, the prefrontal area is also thought to be the functional center for aggression..."


So, this area of the cerebrum is responsible for planning, motivating, and initiating good and sinful behavior, and is responsible for the telling of lies and the speaking of truth. So, it is proper for the telling of lies and the speaking of truth. So, it is proper to describe the front of the head as lying and sinful when someone lies or commits a sin, as the Quran says:


...A lying, sinful Naseyah (from of the head)!


Scientists have only discovered these functions of the prefrontal area in the last sixty years, according to Professor Keith L. Moore. [scientific Miracles in the Front of the Head p. 41]



The Expansion of the Universe


In the Qur'an, which was revealed 14 centuries ago at a time when the science of astronomy was still primitive, the expansion of the universe was described like this:


"And it is We who have constructed the heaven with might, and verily, it is We who are steadily expanding it."

(The Qur'an, 51:47)


The word "heaven", as stated in this verse, is used in various places in the Qur'an with the meaning of space and universe. Here again, the word is used with this meaning. In other words, in the Qur'an it is revealed that the universe "expands". And this is the very conclusion that science has reached today.




While referring to the Sun and the Moon in the Qur'an, it is emphasized that each moves in a definite orbit.


"It is He Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They swim along, each in an orbit. "

(The Qur'an, 21:33)


It is mentioned in another verse, too, that the Sun is not static but moves in a definite orbit:


"And the sun runs to its resting place. That is the decree of the Almighty, the All-Knowing. "

(The Qur'an, 37:38)


the entire universe is full of paths and orbits such as this one, is written in the Qur'an as follows:


"By the sky full of paths and orbits."

(The Qur'an, 51:7)


The Protected Roof



The atmosphere only lets rays required for life reach the Earth. Ultraviolet rays, for example, make it to the world only partially. This is the most appropriate range to allow plants to make photosynthesis and eventually for all living things to survive.


In the Qur'an, God calls our attention to a very interesting attribute of the sky:


"We made the sky a preserved and protected roof yet still they turn away from Our Signs.."

(The Qur'an, 21:32)


This attribute of the sky has been proved by scientific research carried out in the 20th century.


The atmosphere surrounding the earth serves crucial functions for the continuity of life. While destroying many meteors big and small as they approach the earth, it prevents them from falling to earth and harming living things.


The Returning Sky




The verse 11 of Sura Tarik in the Qur'an, refers to the "returning" function of the sky.


"By Heaven with its cyclical systems."

(The Qur'an, 86:11)


This word interpreted as "cyclical" in Qur'an translations also has meanings of "sending back" or "returning".


As known, the atmosphere surrounding the Earth consists of many layers. Each layer serves an important purpose for the benefit of life. Research has revealed that these layers have the function of turning the materials or rays they are exposed to back into space or back down to the Earth. Now let us examine with a few examples of this "recycling" function of the layers encircling the Earth.


The Layers of the Atmosphere



One fact about the universe revealed in the verses of the Qur'an is that the sky is made up of seven layers.


"It is He Who created everything on the earth for you and then directed His attention up to heaven and arranged it into seven regular heavens. He has knowledge of all things."

(The Qur'an, 2:29)


"Then He turned to heaven when it was smoke. In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in every heaven, its own mandate."

(The Qur'an, 41:12)


The word "heavens", which appears in many verses in the Qur'an, is used to refer to the sky above the Earth, as well as the entire universe. Given this meaning of the word, it is seen that the Earth's sky, or the atmosphere, is made up of seven layers.


14 centuries ago, when the sky was believed to be one unified body, the Qur'an miraculously stated that it consisted of layers, and what is more, "seven" layers. Modern science, on the other hand, discovered the fact that the atmosphere surrounding the Earth is made up of "seven" basic layers only very recently.


The Earth has all the attributes that are needed for life. One of them is the atmosphere, which serves as a shield protecting living things. Today, it is an established fact that the atmosphere is made up of different layers lying on top of one another. Just as it is described in the Qur'an, the atmosphere is made up of exactly seven layers. This is certainly one of the miracles of the Qur'an.


The Function of Mountains


"We placed firmly embedded mountains on the earth, so it would not move under them…"

(The Qur'an, 21:31)


In a verse, this role of the mountains is pointed out by a comparison with "pegs":


"Have We not made the earth as a bed and the mountains its pegs?"

(The Qur'an, 78:6-7)


Mountains, in other words, clench the plates in the Earth's crust together by extending above and beneath the Earth's surface at the conjunction points of these plates. In this way, they fix the Earth's crust, and prevent it from drifting over the magma stratum or among its plates. Briefly, we may liken mountains to nails that keep pieces of wood together.


"You will see the mountains you reckoned to be solid going past like clouds."

(The Qur'an, 27:88)


The Movement of Mountains


This motion of the mountains is caused by the movement of the Earth's crust that they are located on. The Earth's crust 'floats' over the mantle layer, which is denser. It was at the beginning of the 20th century when, for the first time in history, a German scientist by the name of Alfred Wegener proposed that the continents of the earth had been attached together when it first formed, but then drifted in different directions, and thus separated as they moved away from each other.



"It is God Who sends the winds which stir up clouds which He spreads about the sky however He wills. He forms them into dark clumps and you see the rain come pouring out from the middle of them. When He makes it fall on those of His slaves He wills, they rejoice"

(The Qur'an, 30:48)


FIRST STAGE: " It is God Who sends the winds..."


Countless air bubbles formed by the foaming of the oceans continuously burst and cause water particles to be ejected towards the sky. These particles, which are rich in salt, are then carried away by winds and rise upward in the atmosphere. These particles, which are called aerosols, function as water traps, and form cloud drops by collecting around the water vapour themselves, which rises from the seas as tiny droplets.


SECOND STAGE: ".... which stir up clouds which He spreads about the sky however He wills. He forms them into dark clumps..."


THIRD STAGE: "…and you see the rain come pouring our from the middle of them"


The water particles that surround salt crystals and dust particles thicken and form raindrops, so, drops that become heavier than the air leave the clouds and start to fall to the ground as rain.


The clouds are formed from water vapour that condenses around the salt crystals or dust particles in the air. Because the water droplets in these clouds are very small (with a diameter between 0.01 and 0.02 mm), the clouds are suspended in the air, and spread across the sky. Thus, the sky is covered in clouds.


In another verse, the following information is given about the formation of rain:


"Have you not seen how God drives along the clouds, then joins them together, then makes them into a stack, and then you see the rain come out of it? And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of clouds) with cold hail in them, striking with it anyone He wills and averting it from anyone He wills. The brightness of His lightning almost blinds the sight."

(The Qur'an, 24:43)


Scientists studying cloud types came across surprising results regarding the formation of rain clouds. Rain clouds are formed and shaped according to definite systems and stages. The formation stages of cumulonimbus, one kind of rain cloud, are these:


1.STAGE, Being driven along: Clouds are carried along, that is, they are driven along, by the wind.


2.STAGE, Joining: Then, small clouds (cumulus clouds) driven along by the wind join together, forming a larger cloud


3.STAGE, Stacking: When the small clouds join together, updrafts within the larger cloud increase. The updrafts near the centre of the cloud are stronger than those near the edges. These updrafts cause the cloud body to grow vertically, so the cloud is stacked up. This vertical growth causes the cloud body to stretch into cooler regions of the atmosphere, where drops of water and hail formulate and begin to grow larger and larger. When these drops of water and hail become too heavy for the updrafts to support them, they begin to fall from the cloud as rain, hail, etc.(10)


We must remember that meteorologists have only recently come to know these details of cloud formation, structure and function, by using advanced equipment like planes, satellites, computers etc. It is evident that God has given us a piece of information that could not have been known 1,400years ago.


The Seas not Mingling with One Another




One of the properties of seas that has only recently been discovered is related in a verse of the Qur'an as follows:


"He has let loose the two seas, converging together, with a barrier between them they do not break through."

(The Qur'an, 55:19-20)


This property of the seas, that they come together yet do not mingle with one another at all, have only very recently been discovered by oceanographers. Because of the physical force called "surface tension", the waters of neighbouring seas do not mix. Caused by the difference in the density of their waters, surface tension prevents them from mingling with one another, just as if a thin wall were between them.


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The Scientific Miracles of the Qur'an


Allah is the light of the heavens and the Earth. The metaphor of His light is that of a niche in which is a lamp, the lamp inside a glass, the glass like a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, its oil all but giving off light even if no fire touches it. Light upon light. Allah guides to His light whoever He wills and Allah makes metaphors for mankind and Allah has knowledge of all things. (Surat an-Nur, 35)

Quasar is the name given to extremely dense and bright bodies that look like stars and emit radio waves in space. Quasars are the brightest known bodies in the universe. The brightness of the brightest quasar in the universe is more than 2 trillion times greater than that of the Sun (2x1012); it is approximately 100 times greater than the total light emitted by a galaxy such as the Milky Way.1

The word "noor" in the verse means “light, brightness, daylight, shining, illumination.†The light referred to in the verse is suggestive, in terms of its brightness, of these celestial bodies known as quasars. Because other expressions in the verse describe the visibility of quasar light and the source of that light in the very wisest terms. (Allah knows the truth.)

The word “durriyyunâ€, meaning “bright,†in the expression "kaannaha kawkabun durriyyun†in the verse, itself meaning “like a brilliant star,†is highly compatible with the scientific description of quasars as “bright, stellar bodiesâ€.2 In addition, the verse speaks of “giving off light even if no fire touches it.†It is probable that this is a reference to the way quasars burn without fire - nuclear fusion. Since oxygen is not naturally present in space, there can be no question of the brightness of quasars having anything to do with fire. The burning taking place here does so as hydrogen atoms are compressed and produce helium. The energy released during this process then illuminates space.

The expression “light upon light†in the verse may well be a reference to the “gravitational lens effect†in astronomy. (Allah knows the truth.) Many astronomers investigating the sources of light in the universe will easily understand this description in the verse. The effect in question refers to the way light from a source behind a body with a very dense mass, such as a black hole, departs under the effect of that dense body and reaches us. It appears that there is therefore more than one source of light of the images we see. Due to this “gravitational lens effect,†an object appears to be somewhere different to where it actually is, and in greater numbers.

The term “a niche in which is a lamp†in the verse may be interpreted as the niche being the area of gravitational lens effect of a black hole. (Allah knows the truth.) It is significant that in describing the effect that arises, NASA scientists use the analogy of the effect of a drinking glass:

The gravitational effect of the galaxy on the distant quasar was similar to the lens effect of a drinking glass on a distant street light – it created multiple images lenses here too.3

In his book The Whole Shebang, regarded as one of the leading books of the 20th century by the New York Times, the science writer Timothy Ferris clarifies the subject as follows:

As light from a Quasar travels towards us… it may pass through either side of an intervening cluster of galaxies. The warped space surrounding the cluster can act as a lens, with a result that we see two images of what is (or was) actually one quasar.4

The reference in the verse to “light on light†may be a description of reflected light forming more than one image. In addition, the term “neither of the east nor of the west†in the verse is in all likelihood a reference to the uncertainty of the light’s source. (Allah knows the truth.)

Quasars are the brightest objects in the universe, and are the nuclei of growing galaxies with the black holes in their center. Black holes, that arise as the result of the contraction of stars and gasses belonging to galaxies, are the source of quasar energy. Quasars’ brightness is spread by stars falling into the black holes at the centers of galaxies.5 Thinking of the “lamp†in the verse as a quasar, the “niche†may well be a reference to the “black hole†that feeds the quasar. (Allah knows the truth.)

Einstein suggested that due to the effect described as the “gravitational lens,†bodies in space could bend light and that it was possible for an observer to see several images from one single source.6 However, this effect was only observed for the first time in the quasar known as the “Twin Quasar†in 1979. Quasars were first discovered in 1963, 14 centuries after the revelation of the Qur’an. The status of the heavenly bodies described in verse 35 of Surat an-Nur is in surprising agreement with our current scientific knowledge. This and a great many other scientific miracles are clear proof that the Qur’an is the revelation of our Omniscient Lord, the Creator of all things.

1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quasar

2 http://www.thefreedictionary.com/quasar


3 http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap950711.html

4 Timothy Ferris, The Whole Shebang, 1997, p. 61.

5 http://tiscali.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0028790.html


6 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravitational_lensing

Source: http:www.tmiraclesofthequran.com/scientific_98.html

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This is a very good post. Congatulations~

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Hi - you've posted too many claims to deal with quickly, ao I'll just comment on the first one, and one from your long second post. If you'd prefer to discuss different ones, please say so.


"It is He Who has created you from dust then from a sperm-drop, then from a leech-like clot; then does he get you out (into the light) as a child: then lets you (grow and) reach your age of full strength; then lets you become old,- though of you there are some who die before;- and lets you reach a Term appointed; in order that ye may learn wisdom."


There is no 'recently discovered science' at all in this. Peoples who butchered and ate mammals (that is, most peoples who have ever lived) would be familiar with the contents of the womb of pregnant mammals. Most peoples knew that semen (not sperm - semen is the fluid; 'sperm-drop' is meaningless) was involved in reproduction.


There's no indication that the Koran is claiming that this is new knowledge. Just like telling us that people eventually die, it could be using common knowledge to make a point. The fault is not with the Koran, it is with people who make false claims about the Koran.


"He has created both sexes, male and female from a drop of semen which has been ejected."


As above, this was well-known to most peoples throughout human history. Unfortunately, like the Koran, most peoples were wrong. Sperm alone does not result in pregnancy. An ovum is also required. The use of the metaphor 'seed' for sperm (or, more usually and even less correctly, semen) is a give-away. Sperm is not at all like seed - seed which is sown and then grows into a plant is fertilized. If anything, the ovum is seed-like, after being fertilized by the sperm. Sperm alone is nothing like a seed. Peoples who use this metaphor reveal their ignorance of the ovum.

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As above, this was well-known to most peoples throughout human history. Unfortunately, like the Koran, most peoples were wrong. Sperm alone does not result in pregnancy. An ovum is also required. The use of the metaphor 'seed' for sperm (or, more usually and even less correctly, semen) is a give-away. Sperm is not at all like seed - seed which is sown and then grows into a plant is fertilized. If anything, the ovum is seed-like, after being fertilized by the sperm. Sperm alone is nothing like a seed. Peoples who use this metaphor reveal their ignorance of the ovum.


The word "Nutfah" is translated as sperm in modern day translations, however it means a small drop in Arabic. Before you attribute "fluid" to "drop", think of another quality that a drop has. It is a minute quantity. If you were in a situation where you were trying to explain complicated concepts to Bedouins so that they would understand, what would be the best thing to do? It would be to create likeness to things they already know.


If you wanted to describe a car, you would compare it to a carriage because both have wheels and move. If you wanted to describe a TV, the word mirror would play a part in there because you gaze into both. And so on.


If you wanted to describe something small to people who have no perception of the existence of things smaller than the eye, then you use words that already exist to describe them. Hence, "Nutfah".


The verse says "a Nutfah emitted". This could mean sperm. It can also mean an ovum because when this reproductive cell matures, it travels from the ovaries to the fallopian tube and is, for all intents and purposes, emitted (from the ovaries). Or it could mean both.


You say that the Qur'an was wrong about what procreation requires; male and female reproductive cells. But one of the verses says:


Verily, We have created man from Nutfah Amshaj, in order to try him, so, We made him hearer and seer. [7:6]


"Nutfah Amshaj" means mixed or mingled Nutfah. Reproduction is the fusion of gametes.


Is the Qur'an ambiguous? Certainly. It is not a Science, History or Math book. Is it dead-on? Say yes or no, it doesn't matter. Is it wrong? Absolutely not. There is nothing to suggest that it contradicts the process of reproduction.



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Thanks for your reply, Redeem. I don't quite agree with it, but I'm happy to live with it.

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The Quran contains no science. These supposed "scientific miracles" are either common knowledge which had already existed before The Quran was written, or are so imprecise that they can be ascribed to a multitude of views. 


In addition, The Quran also contains many scientific errors. if this book was indeed created by a perfect being, I doubt that it would make such grave errors that can be pointed out easily even by mere humans... Let's begin:


Human created from clay

"We created man from sounding clay, from mud moulded into shape;"

The scientific hypothesis postulates that clay merely 'match-makes' RNA and membrane vesicles - and therefore does not form a building block. This is contrary to the Islamic faith which postulates that human beings were created from clay, implying clay was a building block.


Humans were created from a single being

"He it is Who created you from a single being, and of the same (kind) did He make his mate,"

Some apologists will claim this is consistent with modern scientific knowledge because scientists refer to individuals labeled as Mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosomal Adam. This is a bad misunderstanding since these are the terms for the last common male and female ancestors of everyone alive today, not of all humans in history. Incidentally, the Qur'an clearly states Eve was created later than (and from) Adam. Mitochondrial Eve lived some 50,000 to 80,000 years earlier than Y-chromosomal Adam. More to the point, genetic studies indicate that humans diverged from earlier species as a population, not a single couple.


Creation of humans happened in an instant

"To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: When He decreeth a matter, He saith to it: "Be," and it is"



Fall from paradise down to the earth

"Then did Satan make them slip from the (garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get ye down, all (ye people), with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood - for a time."


The sun set into the murky water

"Until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it set in a spring of murky water: Near it he found a People: We said: "O Zul-qarnain! (thou hast authority,) either to punish them, or to treat them with kindness."

The Qur'an propagates a popular myth from that time and region that a man visited the places where the sun sets and rises and found that the sun goes into a muddy spring.





"And the Sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him) the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing."

The Qur'an mentions numerous times that the Sun and the Moon travel in an orbit, but does not mention once that the Earth does too. This is consistent with the beliefs that were prevalent prior to the 16th century that the Sun revolved around the Earth.


The moon and the sun orbit the earth.

"By the Sun and his (glorious) splendour;
By the Moon as she follows him;"




"Verily! Allah grasps the heavens and the earth lest they move away from their places, and if they were to move away from their places, there is not one that could grasp them after Him. Truly, He is Ever Most Forbearing, Oft Forgiving."




"It is God who made for you the earth a fixed place and heaven for an edifice; And He shaped you, and shaped you well, and provided you with the good things. That then is God, your Lord, so blessed be God, the Lord of all Being."


Sun and moon orbit around the earth.

"And He it is Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. They float along in an orbit."


Sun orbits the earth.

"And maketh the sun and the moon, constant in their courses, to be of service unto you, and hath made of service unto you the night and the day."


The sun moves, the earth is still.

"Hast thou not Turned thy vision to one who disputed with Abraham About his Lord, because Allah had granted him power? Abraham said: "My Lord is He Who Giveth life and death." He said: "I give life and death". Said Abraham: "But it is Allah that causeth the sun to rise from the east: Do thou then cause him to rise from the West." Thus was he confounded who (in arrogance) rejected faith. Nor doth Allah Give guidance to a people unjust."



Tafsir Ibn Kathir

(Is not He Who has made the earth as a fixed abode,) meaning, stable and stationary, so that it does not move or convulse, because if it were to do so, it would not be a good place for people to live on. But by His grace and mercy, He has made it smooth and calm, and it is not shaken or moved


The shadow moves because of the sun's movement, not the earth's movement.

"Hast thou not turned thy vision to thy Lord?- How He doth prolong the shadow! If He willed, He could make it stationary! then do We make the sun its guide;"


Everything in the universe goes around us.

"And He has made subservient to you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, all, from Himself; most surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect."



The stars are small enough to drop on us.

"And when the stars fall"


Stars or planets rising and setting?

"The stars which rise and set"


This verse clearly implies the sun goes around the earth.

"It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float in an orbit."



Shooting stars are missiles for devils

"And verily We have beautified the world's heaven with stars/lamps, and We have made them missiles for the devils, and for them We have prepared the doom of flame"

Meteors appear to be missiles to shoot the devil away. This was a prevalent myth in Arabia. As we now know, meteors are simply masses of particle debris which brighten up after entering the earth's atmosphere.


How many planets in the solar system according to the Quran?

"Allah is He Who created seven Firmaments and of the earth a similar number. Through the midst of them (all) descends His Command: that ye may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allah comprehends, all things in (His) Knowledge."

This verse claims there are seven planets. However, according to astronomers, there are eight ordinary planets and five dwarf planets, which leaves the grand total at thirteen.



Tafsir Ibn Abbas explains they are all flat planets

"Allah is He who created 7 heavens one above the other like a dome, and of the Earths, the like thereof, 7 planets but they are flat"


The Moon is further away than the stars and is located in the middle of the universe.

"See ye not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another,
'And made the moon a light in their midst, and made the sun as a (Glorious) Lamp"


But stars are in the nearest/lowest part of the universe.

"Surely We have adorned the nearest heaven with an adornment, the stars"


Night time cold is caused by the Moon

"Reclining in the (Garden) on raised thrones, they will see there neither the sun's (excessive heat) nor (the moon's) excessive cold."

The Qur'an's author assumed by what he observed because the Moon does not affect Earth's temperature in any manner.


The moon is "Noor", which emits light too

"And hath made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp?"

The moon does not emit light. The Arabic word for reflected (in`ikaas) does not appear in this sentence


The word "Noor" here also means an entity that emits light.

"Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as if there were a Niche and within it a Lamp: the Lamp enclosed in Glass: the glass as it were a brilliant star: Lit from a blessed Tree, an Olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it: Light upon Light! Allah doth guide whom He will to His Light: Allah doth set forth Parables for men: and Allah doth know all things."


Moon split in two

"The hour drew nigh and the moon was rent in twain."

There is no evidence whatsoever that the moon has ever split into two. The absence of historical record from other civilizations, contemporary of Muhammad about the moon being split substantiate to this fact.



The universe, earth or its atmosphere consists of 7 layers

"See ye not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another"

"Allah is He Who created seven heavens, and of the earth the like of them; the decree continues to descend among them, that you may know that Allah has power over all things and that Allah indeed encompasses all things in (His) knowledge."

There are only 5 not 7 principal layers to the Earth's atmosphere, and likewise only 5 not 7 major layers to the Earth itself.


The Sun is not a star

"Your Guardian-Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority): He draweth the night as a veil o'er the day, each seeking the other in rapid succession: He created the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) governed by laws under His command. Is it not His to create and to govern? Blessed be Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds!"

According to Islam, the Sun and stars are two completely different things. Modern science tells differently:



Where does the sun rise?

"Until, when he came to the rising of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom We had provided no covering protection against the sun."

The sun rises equally upon every human on earth on a daily basis, except in the poles. However, the Qur'an advocates the geocentric idea and flat earth concept in the verse above


Earth created in six days

"We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in Six Days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us"

The earth took billions of years to form after Big bang.


The earth existed before the universe

"Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder? We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"

There was no planet during or before the Big Bang.


The earth was created prior to the heaven.

"He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is knower of all things."


The Universe is contracting

"Moreover He comprehended in His design the sky, and it had been (as) smoke: He said to it and to the earth: "Come ye together, willingly or unwillingly." They said: "We do come (together), in willing obedience."

Firstly, inanimate objects can't speak. Secondly, we have recently come to know the universe is expanding, not contracting.


The sun is a flat disk

"When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up"

This verse suggests that the Sun is flat and can be folded up.


Earth has invisible pillars keeping up the sky

This shows a lack of knowledge of astronomy. There is nothing in the heavens or sky to "raise", with or without pillars.

"Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any pillars that ye can see"

This originated from the ancient Greek myth.


Sirius as a single star

"And that He it is Who is the Lord of Sirius"

The singular form used in this verse negates the fact that Sirius is actually a double star.


The sky is concrete and impenetrable

"And We have made the heavens as a canopy well guarded: yet do they turn away from the Signs which these things (point to)"

The asteroid and meteorites penetrated the atmosphere to hit the earth throughout the course of history, there is no guardian whatsoever to prevent the incidents from happening.


There are no black holes

"Who created the seven heavens one above another; you see no incongruity in the creation of the Beneficent Allah; then look again, can you see any disorder?"

The evidence of Black Hole indicates certain degree of instability in the galaxy. Black holes absorb stars and even galaxies in regions of space where from which no entity, including light, can escape.


Allah is ignorant of the North and South Poles

"it is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor doth the night outstrip the day. They float each in an orbit."

In polar regions, the longevity of day and night vary during summer and winter. Muhammad didn't know about this and he only repeated earlier geocentric ideas:


Thunder is an angel

"And the thunder declares His glory with His praise, and the angels too for awe of Him; and He sends the thunderbolts and smites with them whom He pleases, yet they dispute concerning Allah, and He is mighty in prowess."

The Qur'an author was superstitious about thunder and regarded this natural phenomenon as an angel


When we turn to the Muslim sources which explain this verse, it is rather apparent that the author of the Qur'an believed that thunder wasn’t simply an impersonal force, but an angel:

"(The thunder hymneth His praise) by His command; it is an angel; it is also said: it is the voice of the sky (and (so do) the angels) and also the angels hymn His praise (for awe of Him) the angels have awe towards Allah. (He launcheth the thunder bolts) i.e. fire (and smiteth with them whom He will) He destroys by means of fire whoever He will, referring here to Zayd Ibn Qays whom Allah destroyed by fire, along with his friend ‘Amir Ibn al-Tufayl who was killed as a result of being stabbed in his waist (while they dispute (in doubt) concerning Allah) while they dispute with Muhammad (pbuh) concerning the Religion of Allah, (and He is mighty in wrath) His chastisement is severe"


What causes the movement of shadows?

"Hast thou not turned thy vision to thy Lord?- How He doth prolong the shadow! If He willed, He could make it stationary! then do We make the sun its guide;"

The Qur'an says its the Sun's movement. This is false. The earth revolves around the sun and cause the movement of shadow.


The sky can fall down, the earth can swallow down

"See they not what is before them and behind them, of the sky and the earth? If We wished, We could cause the earth to swallow them up, or cause a piece of the sky to fall upon them. Verily in this is a Sign for every devotee that turns to Allah (in repentance)."


The Sky is made of rocky material

"What, have they not beheld heaven above them, how We have built it, and decked it out fair, and it has no cracks? And the earth -- We stretched it forth, and cast on it firm mountains, and We caused to grow therein of every joyous kind"


Sperm comes from between the spine/backbone and ribs

"He is created from a drop emitted- Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs:"

The Qur'an author was ignorant of the actual scientific facts except rehashing a prevalent scientific error of his contemporaries. Today we know sperm comes from the testicles, not from between the spine and ribs.


The embryo is initially formed out of semen

"Did We not create you from a liquid disdained? And We placed it in a firm lodging For a known extent."

"From what thing doth He create him? From a drop of seed. He createth him and proportioneth him"

Verse 77:21 refers to the liquid that is placed in a firm lodging (qararin makeen) for a known extent. The verse is complimentary to verse 23:13, which refers to the semen (nutfah) that is placed in a firm lodging (qararin makeen). Verse 80:19 suggests that the embryo is created from the drop of seed (nutfah, which means a small quantity of liquid). This reflects the contemporary, but incorrect view that the embryo is initially formed out of semen stored in the womb. The same view appears in hadith. In fact, semen is the vehicle for the sperm cells, one of which fuses with a woman's ovum in her fallopian tube, and the resulting cell divides and travels back into the womb for implantation.


Only Allah knows what gender the baby is

"Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah (alone). It is He Who sends down rain, and He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does any one know what it is that he will earn on the morrow: Nor does any one know in what land he is to die. Verily with Allah is full knowledge and He is acquainted (with all things)."

Current technology, such as sonography, has enabled observation of baby's gender through ultrasonic imaging. There are also sex selection clinics that allow gender determination.


Ovum contributed by female is not mentioned

"He is created from a drop emitted"

The Qur'an author did not mention the role of the ovum due to his sole observation of the sperm during intercourse. This verse fails to mention the important role of the female egg in the reproduction of humankind.


Asexual creatures are absent in the Quran

"And of every thing We have created pairs: That ye may receive instruction."

Not every creature procreates or reproduces through male and female sexual relationship. The whiptail lizard in the U.S. Southwest, Mexico, and South America, which consists only of females who reproduce by parthenogenesis. Allah does not know anything about the biological process by which new individual organisms are produced. Today we know you can find an organism which creates a genetically-similar or identical copy of itself without a contribution of genetic material from another individual. There's also hermaphrodites.


The blood-clot stage in human reproduction

"Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood:"

There was never a stage of blood clot during the formation of humans inside the womb.


Womb (belly) has 3 layers

"He created you (all) from a single person: then created, of like nature, his mate; and he sent down for you eight head of cattle in pairs: He makes you, in the wombs of your mothers, in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness. such is Allah, your Lord and Cherisher: to Him belongs (all) dominion. There is no god but He: then how are ye turned away (from your true Centre)?"

The word butun (بطن) means belly/abdomen/midriff, though some Muslim translators like to use the more specific word "womb". There are many more layers such as endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium, peritoneum, besides the cervix uteri, corpus uteri, abdomen (with walls), placenta (with layers). Perhaps this is the idea of 3 membranes around the fetus (chorion, allantois, and amnion) taught by the highly influencial Greek physician, Galen.


Bones are formed before flesh

"When We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones then (not and) clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create!"

The Qur'an elaborates that the bones are formed and wrapped up with flesh. The first muscles are formed before the bones, and the rest are formed simultaneously though.


Milk comes from between excrement and blood

"And verily in cattle (too) will ye find an instructive sign. From what is within their bodies between excretions and blood, We produce, for your drink, milk, pure and agreeable to those who drink it."

The mammary glands where the milk is produced and stored are outside the body, while the excrement is in the intestines which is way inside the body. the two are nowhere near each other. Also, certain cattle milk needs processing, pasteurization, micro-filter, creaming and homogenization.


Do humans think with their heart or with their brain?

"Behold! they fold up their hearts, that they may lie hid from Him! Ah even when they cover themselves with their garments, He knoweth what they conceal, and what they reveal: for He knoweth well the (inmost secrets) of the hearts."

The author of the Qur'an assumed that humans think with their heart, while in reality we utilize the brain for that purpose.


Jinns created from fire

"And he created Jinn from fire, free of smoke."

In the past, people used to believe everything was made from 4 elements; Earth, wind, fire and water. However, fire is not a substance, but rather a reactionary chemical process.


Different seas have an impenetrable barrier between them

"Between them is a Barrier which they do not transgress"

Distinct salinity levels in one sea eventually become homogenized with the other sea. However, the Qur'an failed to include this subtlety.


Earth is level

"From whencesoever Thou startest forth, turn Thy face in the direction of the sacred Masjid; that is indeed the truth from the Lord. And Allah is not unmindful of what ye do."

The Qur'an tells all mankind to face the direction of Mecca, but this would only be possible on a flat Earth. Since the Earth is spherical, it's not possible to bow down towards the direction of Mecca when you are in these places like Hawaii and LA which are on the opposite side of the earth.


Earth is flat

"And at the Earth, how it is spread out?"


Tafsir al-Jalalayn

"And the earth, how it was laid out flat?, and thus infer from this the power of God, exalted be He, and His Oneness? The commencing with the [mention of] camels is because they are closer in contact with it [the earth] than any other [animal]. As for His words sutihat, 'laid out flat', this on a literal reading suggests that the earth is flat, which is the opinion of most of the scholars of the [revealed] Law, and not a sphere as astronomers (ahl al-hay'a) have it, even if this [latter] does not contradict any of the pillars of the Law."

Note that N J Dawood's translation renders this verse as "The earth, how it was made flat?", and Tafsir al-Jalalayn agrees with him.


Earth is like a couch

"Who has made the earth your couch, and the heavens your dome; and sent down rain from the heavens; and brought forth therewith Fruits for your sustenance; then set not up rivals unto Allah when ye know (the truth)."

The earth was shaped like a couch while the sky shaped as dome, this substantiate the flat earth concept in Qur'an:


Tafsir Ibn Kathir

"who has made the earth as flat and comfortable as a bed and placed upon it mountains standing firm..."


Mountains prevent earthquakes

"And He has set up on the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you; and rivers and roads; that ye may guide yourselves"

Plate tectonic boundaries usually situated at the mountainous areas are highly unstable. The landmass of the earth has changed throughout history. But the Qur'an propagates the idea that mountains are crucial in stabilizing the earth.


Allah dropped down/cast mountains

"And He hath cast into the earth firm hills that it quake not with you, and streams and roads that ye may find a way"

Mountains are usually formed and produced by the movement of lithospheric plates, either orogenic movement or epeirogenic movement. They are not thrown downward like pegs.


Breasts contract with height

"Those whom Allah (in His plan) willeth to guide,- He openeth their breast to Islam; those whom He willeth to leave straying,- He maketh their breast close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to the skies: thus doth Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to believe."

This verse says that your chest cavity gets smaller with higher altitude when in reality the opposite is true.


Earthquakes are for non-Muslims only

"Do then those who devise evil (plots) feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth to swallow them up, or that the Wrath will not seize them from directions they little perceive?"

Some of the highest death tolls from natural disasters this millennium were in Muslim countries. In fact, natural disasters do not differentiate between Muslim or Non-Muslim nations.


Hurricanes/blizzards are punishments for Non-Muslims

"Do ye then feel secure that He will not cause you to be swallowed up beneath the earth when ye are on land, or that He will not send against you a violent tornado (with showers of stones) so that ye shall find no one to carry out your affairs for you"

Two of the deadliest blizzards in history happened in Muslim countries. However, the Qur'an regards those natural disasters as violent punishment from God.


Pure rainwater

"Who has made the earth your couch, and the heavens your canopy; and sent down rain from the heavens; and brought forth therewith Fruits for your sustenance; then set not up rivals unto Allah when ye know (the truth)."

The Qur'an fails to mention evaporation or the photosynthesis process because the Arabs uttered what they observed on the desert in which the plant will grow immediately after raining.


Allah didn't know about Water Cycle

"That sends down (from time to time) rain from the sky in due measure;- and We raise to life therewith a land that is dead; even so will ye be raised (from the dead)"

Every verse about rain in the Qur'an implies that rain comes either directly from the sky or from God. The evaporation of water into the air was conveniently not mentioned because the author of the Qur'an was unable to observe it.


Hail comes from mountains on the sky

"Seest thou not that Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap? - then wilt thou see rain issue forth from their midst. And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of clouds) wherein is hail: He strikes therewith whom He pleases and He turns it away from whom He pleases, the vivid flash of His lightning well-nigh blinds the sight."

Hail forms in cumulonimbus clouds when supercooled water droplets freeze on contact with condensation nuclei. However, the Qur'an mistakenly ascribed the hail's formation to the imaginary mountains on the sky.



There's an extreme east and west

Dhul-Qarnayn went to the most extreme corner of the earth on one edge, and then moved to the other edge. This attested to the flat earth concept propagated by the Qur'an. Tafsir Qurtubi also accepts this interpretation and even claims only Zul Qarnayn has seen the "supporting pillar mountains".


Sinful animals

"There is not an animal (that lives) on the earth, nor a being that flies on its wings, but (forms part of) communities like you. Nothing have we omitted from the Book, and they (all) shall be gathered to their Lord in the end."

According to Allah, all animals will join us in the hereafter to be judged for their sins. So basically, in the hereafter, chicken, mankind, insects, and lions will stand side by side waiting our trial from the All Mighty lord Allah. This despite the fact that animals are not as self-aware as humans and work on instinct.


Bees eat fruit

"And thy Lord taught the Bee to build its cells in hills, on trees, and in (men's) habitations;Then to eat of all the fruits (of the earth), and find with skill the spacious paths of its Lord: there issues from within their bodies a drink of varying colors, wherein is healing for men: verily in this is a Sign for those who give thought."

Bees feed on nectar and pollen. However, Muhammad and his companions thought that bees consume fruit.


Horses created for our transportation

"And (He has created) horses, mules, and donkeys, for you to ride and use for show; and He has created (other) things of which ye have no knowledge."

It took thousands of years of domestication, evolution and cross-breeding. Horses were domesticated approximately 4,000 years ago in East Europe or Central Asia. Prior to this, horses were wild and need to be tamed, the Qur'an apparently neglect this important fact. Never mind the fact that we create our own transportation now with cars, planes etc.


Allah makes the bird fly

"Do they not look at the birds, held poised in the midst of (the air and) the sky? Nothing holds them up but (the power of) Allah. Verily in this are signs for those who believe"

The aerodynamic shape of the bird's wing function as an essential factor so that the difference in the air pressure between the lower and upper part of its wing able to push the bird upward. The wings evolved over millions of years to acquire this feature. But the Qur'an described this ability in the simplest religious way.


Quranic science on classification of creatures

"And Allah has created every animal from water: of them there are some that creep on their bellies; some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills for verily Allah has power over all things"

The Qur'an author observed creatures of the desert using their bellies (snake) or two legs (human) or four legs (lizard) to move. However, he failed to include creatures such as Millipedes that have a thousand legs.


Allah is negligent about disabled creatures

"Who hath created seven heavens in harmony. Thou (Muhammad) canst see no fault in the Beneficent One's creation; then look again: Canst thou see any flaw?"

Apparently Allah is unaware that he creates disabled animals and humans too.


Allah left out poisonous sea creatures in his dietary advice

"Lawful to you is the pursuit of water-game and its use for food,- for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel; but forbidden is the pursuit of land-game;- as long as ye are in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb. And fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be gathered back."

A lot of sea creatures are deadly for example the puffer fish, poison dart frog, marbled cone snail, blue ringed octopus and stonefish. But Allah says we can eat all types of seafood.


Birds fighting elephants

"Sees thou not how Allah dealt with the companions of the elephants?... And he sent against them flights of birds."

Birds and elephants have never been recorded fighting each other in nature.


Humans sleep for three-hundred years

"Then We sealed up their hearing in the Cave for a number of years."

A human never sleeps for more than two days, unless he or she is in the state of comatose. However, the Qur'an incorporated this myth from Arabian and Christian folklore of the Seven Sleepers


Humans living for a thousand years

"We (once) sent Noah to his people, and he tarried among them a thousand years less fifty: but the Deluge overwhelmed them while they (persisted in) sin"

There has never been anything recorded in actual history about human with such massive age. Moreover, science has never attested to this based on the fossil records. Nevertheless, the Qur'an is replete with this unsubstantiated myth


Muslims are protected in Mecca

"Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma'il, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer)."

"Allah made the Ka'ba, the Sacred House, an asylum of security for men, as also the Sacred Months, the animals for offerings, and the garlands that mark them: That ye may know that Allah hath knowledge of what is in the heavens and on earth and that Allah is well acquainted with all things.".

False promise by Allah. Juhayman al-Otaybi and Abd-Allah ibn al-Zubayr, and Abu Tahir al-Janabi killed thousands of Muslim pilgrims in Mecca. Moreover, Yazid Bin Muawiya sent a battalion of army to attack Mecca and desecrated the Kaaba. The safety of Mecca is debatable here as there is no historical evidence pointing to that effect.


Allah was not aware of the Eskimos

"...then complete your fast Till the night appears;..."

Muhammad was apparently unfamiliar with polar regions in which there are six months without sunlight and six months perpetual night during winter and summer. This injunction is arguably not observable by Eskimos. Could it be that God is ignorant about the night and day inequality phenomenon in the poles? The Qur'an claims that one should fast from sunrise till sunset.


"Establish regular prayers - at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony."

Same circumstances with the five daily prayers. How are Eskimos going to pray sunset prayers all year round? Allah forgot to mention it or Muhammad and the Sahaba didn't know? The universality of the Islamic message is debatable here.


Non-Muslims are deaf, dumb, and blind

"Deaf, dumb, and blind, they will not return (to the path)"

Muslims call non-believers "deaf dumb and blind" but all the science and technology in the Muslim world is almost exclusively purchased from the non-Muslim world. Computers, TV's, space shuttles, helicopters, media players, nuclear bombs, cameras, satellites, birth control pills, vaccination for smallpox, telephones, radios, light bulbs, microchips, CDs, games consoles, refrigerators, microwaves, stainless steel, plastic, aluminium, x-rays, polio-vaccine, anti-biotics, heart-transplants etc. were all invented by non-Muslims.


Space flight is impossible

"O ye assembly of Jinns and men! If it be ye can pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, pass ye! not without authority shall ye be able to pass!"

Space travel was pioneered by Non-Muslims fifty years ago. With current technology, mankind has already explored the end of the solar system. This verse however, implies that space travel is impossible without the consent of Allah. With dozens of atheist astronauts, you have to ask why an omniscient Deity made such an erroneous prophecy.

Edited by Guan Yu

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The Romans wrongly believed the stars were lamps hanging from the canopy sky before Muhammad was born


what was their think about who hang them there, who light them and who keep providing them with oil?


what did they think about the moon? 


since Muhammad, pbuh, didn't say lamps hanging from a canopy, but great self illuminating lamps created by Allah swim/run in a pre-specified orbits designed by Allah. is that make any difference, now?!! 

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They believe in myth gods, but that is not the point; it is not scientifically correct. Stars don't hang from a canopy held up with invisible pillars. Do you believe they do?


who said so?

did you read my statements, I said (moon &suns) running and swimming in a prscriped orbit, that's what Allah said


you mixed that up with the 7 skies and unseen pillars, that's another issue neither you nor me nor science have any idea about tell know, as you know we have a limited tools and by time it going better and our standing becomes better. science didn't reach its end yet.

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