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Qur'an And The Haraam Foods.

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Asalamalakum :sl:

 

I was just reading the Qur'an, and in Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 173, it states: He hath only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits, then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

 

 

Does this mean if there is no choice of food, but of swine -- one could eat it?

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:sl:

 

Yes, some forbidden things become permissible if there is great necessity for them. If a person finds themselves without food and no way to get food without resorting to criminal acts, it's permissible in such a dire situation for him to consume pork to preserve his life.

 

The Prohibited is Allowed in Cases of Emergency

 

Then Allah permitted eating these things when needed for survival or when there are no permissible types of food available. Allah said:

 

[Ãóãóäö ÇÖúØõÑøó ÛóíúÑó ÈóÇÛò æóáÇó ÚóÇÃò]

 

(But if one is forced by necessity without willful disobedience nor transgressing due limits), meaning, without transgression or overstepping the limits,

 

[ÃóáÇó ÅöËúãó Úóáóíúåö]

 

(...then there is no sin on him.) meaning, if one eats such items, for,

 

[Åöäøó Çááøóåó ÛóÃõæÑñ ÑøóÃöíãñ]

 

(Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)

 

Mujahid said, "If one is forced by necessity without willful disobedience nor transgressing the set limits. For example, if he didn't, then he would have to resort to highway robbery, rising against the rulers, or some other kinds of disobedience to Allah, then the permission applies to him. If one does so transgressing the limits, or continually, or out of disobedience to Allah, then the permission does not apply to him even if he is in dire need.'' The same was reported from Sa`id bin Jubayr. Sa`id and Muqatil bin Hayyan are reported to have said that without willful disobedience means, "Without believing that it is permissible.'' It was reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah:

 

[ÛóíúÑó ÈóÇÛò æóáÇó ÚóÇÃò]

 

(. ..without willful disobedience nor transgressing) saying, "Without willful disobedience means eating the dead animal and not continuing to do so. Qatadah said:

 

[ÛóíúÑó ÈóÇÛò]

 

(without willful disobedience) "Without transgressing by eating from the dead animals, that is when the lawful is available.''

 

Issue: When one in dire straits finds both Ü dead animals, and foods belong to other people which he could get without risking the loss of his hands or causing harm, then it is not allowed for him to eat the dead animals. Ibn Majah reported that `Abbad bin Shurahbil Al-Ghubari said, "One year we suffered from famine. I came to Al-Madinah and entered a garden. I took some grain that I cleaned, and ate, then I left some of it in my garment. The owner of the garden came, roughed me up and took possession of my garment. I then went to Allah's Messenger and told him what had happened. He said to the man:

 

«ãóÇ ÃóØúÚóãúÊóåõ ÅöÃú ßóÇäó ÌóÇÆöÚðÇ Ãóæú ÓóÇÛöÈðÇ æóáóÇ ÚóáøóãúÊóåõ ÅöÃú ßóÇäó ÌóÇåöáðÇ»

 

ÃóÃóãóÑóåõ ÃóÑóÃøó Åöáóíúåö ËóæúÈóåõ¡ ÃóÃãóÑó áóåõ ÈöæóÓúÞò ãöäú ØóÚóÇãò Ãóæú äöÕúÃö æóÓúÞò.

 

(You have not fed him when he was hungry - or he said starving - nor have you taught him if he was ignorant.)

 

The Prophet commanded him to return `Abbad's garment to him, and to offer him a Wasq (around 180 kilograms) - or a half Wasq - of food

 

This has a sufficiently strong chain of narrators and there are many other witnessing narrations to support it, such as the Hadith that `Amr bin Shu`ayb narrated from his father that his grandfather said: Allah's Messenger was asked about the hanging clusters of dates. He said:

 

«ãóäú ÃóÕóÇÈó ãöäúåõ ãöäú Ãöí ÃóÇÌóÉò ÈöÃöíåö ÛóíúÑó ãõÊøóÎöÃò ÎõÈúäóÉð¡ÃóáóÇ ÔóíúÃó Úóáóíúå»

 

(There is no harm for whoever takes some of it in his mouth for a necessity without putting it in his garment.)

 

Muqatil bin Hayyan commented on:

 

[ÃóáÇó ÅöËúãó Úóáóíúåö Åöäøó Çááøóåó ÛóÃõæÑñ ÑøóÃöíãñ]

 

(...then there is no sin on him. Truly, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) "For what is eaten out of necessity.'' Sa`id bin Jubayr said, "Allah is pardoning for what has been eaten of the unlawful, and Merciful' in that He allowed the prohibited during times of necessity.'' Masruq said, "Whoever is in dire need, but does not eat or drink until he dies, he will enter the Fire.'' This indicates that eating dead animals for those who are in need of it for survival is not only permissible but required.

 

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