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One Of The Most Famous Hadith That Is Fake

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Among the erroneous notions aimed at stifling the spirit of Jihad in this Ummah is the idea of 'greater' and 'lesser' Jihads. According to this belief, striving against desires of the self is considered the Greater Jihad, which makes the Jihad of the battlefield the Lesser Jihad. This idea is based upon a story mentioned by al Khatib al Baghdadi in his book, "The History of Baghdad", by way of Yahya ibn al 'Ala', who said,

 

"We were told by Layth, on the authority of 'Ata', on the authority of Abu Rabah, on the authority of Jabir, who said, 'The Prophet (salallaahu 'alayhee wa sallam) returned from one of his battles, and thereupon told us, 'You have arrived with an excellent arrival, you have come from the Lesser Jihad to the Greater Jihad - the striving of a servant (of Allah) against his desires.''"

 

This concept, despite the fact that it is based on a hadeeth, can be refuted from several aspects, of which we shall mention the following.

 

Firstly

☪Dr. Abudllah Yusuf Azzam says about the hadith:

"is in fact a false, fabricated hadith which has no basis. It is only a saying of Ibrahim Ibn Abi `Abalah, one of the Successors, and it contradicts textual evidence and reality....The word "jihad", when mentioned on its own, only means combat with weapons, as was

 

☪"Ibn Taymiyyah said :

This hadith has no sources and nobody whomsoever in the field of Islamic knowledge has narrated it. Jihad against the disbelivers is the most noble of actions and moreover it is the most important action for the sake of mankind." Al-Furqan PP. 44-45

 

☪Al Bayhaqi has said regarding it, that "Its chain of narration is weak. (Da'eef)"

 

☪Al Suyuti also pronounced a verdict of weakness on it in his book, "Al Jam'i al Saghir".

 

☪Ibn Hajar al 'Asqalani said about Yahyah bin Alulah, who was accused of forging it, "he was accused of forging Ahadeeth."

 

☪Al Dhahabi said in "Al-Mizan",

"Abu Hatim said that he is not a strong narrator, Ibn Mu'in classified him as weak, al Daraqutni said that he is to be neglected, and Ahmad ibn Hanbal said that he is a liar and a forger of Ahadeeth."

 

☪The Egyptian, Dr. Muhammad Amin says about those who beleive this hadith:

“Such people find contentment and comfort in this way, while in reality they only deceive their weak souls, for the true values of the deeds are entirely the opposite.â€

 

 

 

Secondly:

 

This hadeeth explicitly contradicts clear verses of the Qur'an. Allah the Mighty, the Majestic, says, (Translation of the Meaning),

 

 

"Those believers who sit back are not equal to those who perform Jihad in the Path of Allah with their wealth and their selves. Allah has favored those who perform Jihad with their wealth and their selves by degrees over those who sit back. To both (groups) has Allah promised good, but Allah has favored the mujahideen with a great reward, by ranks from Him, and with Forgiveness, over those who sit back. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful." Qur'an [4:95-96]

 

Thirdly:

This hadeeth contradicts mutawatir (mass-narrated) Ahadeeth which have been reported from the Prophet (salallaahu 'alayhee wa sallam), and which make plain the excellence of Jihad. We will mention a few of these.

 

 

"A morning or an evening spent in the Path of Allah is better than

the world and all it contains."

[bukhari and Muslim]

 

"Standing for an hour in the ranks of battle in the Path of Allah is better than standing for sixty years (in prayer)."

[sahih al- Jami']

 

Abu Hurayrah (radiallaahu 'anhu) said,

 

"Is any of you able to stand in prayer without stopping, and to fast continuously for as long as he lives?" The people said, "Oh Abu Hurayrah! Who could endure that?" He said,

 

 

"By Allah! A day of a mujaahid in the Path of Allah is better than that."

 

The claim of those who say that the 'struggle against the self' is the Greater Jihad because the individual is put to test by day and by night, may be refuted by the following hadeeth: On the authority of Rashid, on the authority of Sa'd (radiallaahu 'anhu), on the authority of one of the Companions, that a man said, "Oh Messenger of Allah! Why is it that the believers are all put to trial in their graves, except for the martyrs?" He (salallaahu 'alayhee wa sallam) said,

 

 

"The clashing of swords above his head was sufficient trial for him."

[sahih al-Jam'i]

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In terms of which is hard, the jihad against oneself is the hardest compare to fighting. Because fighting against disbelievers will last for a day or a month or a year, but fighting against oneself last until the last breath.

 

this could be the reason why it is said this is the hardest and greatest jihad. Anyway Allah swt knows best.

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Jazaka Allah Alf Khayr, debator for this great article.

You made very good points. I am convinced now that Jihad is more improtant than anything else in life.

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The source of this hadith is a 12th Century book called Kitab al Baghdadhi.

 

 

i thank all brothers for replying

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Hadith reporting that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said after returning from one of his battles: “We have returned from the lesser Jihad (striving in the Cause of Allah) to the greater Jihad (i.e., Jihad against oneself).†They asked, “What is the greater Jihad? He replied, “The struggle against one’s heart.†This Hadith is related by Al-Ghazaly in Kitab Sharh ‘Aja’ib Al-Qulub (The Explanation of the Wonders of the Heart), Chapter on “Bayan Shawahid Al-Naql Min Arbab Al-Basa’ir wa Shawahid Al-SharԠin his book entitled Ihya’ ‘Ulum Al-Din to prove that the best way to overcome diseases of the heart is to abandon forbidden desires. Al-‘Iraqy also mentioned in his book entitled “Al-Moghny ‘an Haml Al-Asfar Fi Al-Asfar Fi Takhrig Ma Fi Al-Ihya’ Min Al Akhbarâ€, that the said Hadith: “We have returned from the lesser Jihad (striving in the Cause of Allah) to the greater Jihad†is related by Al-Bayhaqy in Kitab Al-Zuhd (Book of Renunciation of Worldly Pursuits)on the authority of Jabir and said that the Isnad (chain of narrators) of this Hadith is Da‘if (weak). Al-Minawy also said in his book “Faid Al-Qadir fi Sharh Al-Jami‘ Al-Saghir†after relating the Hadith that it is also narrated on the authority of Jabir by Al-Bayhaqy in Kitab Al-Zuhd which is a small volume, and said that it has a weak Isnad. This view was also held by Al-‘Iraqy.

 

It is also reported by Al-Suyuty in his book “Al-Durar Al-Muntathera†on the authority of Ibn Hajar that he said in his book “Tasdid Al-Qaws†in his commentary on this Hadith:

 

 

 

“That it is a popular phrase said by Ibrahim ibn Abu ‘Abla, in the book entitled Al-Kuna by Al-Nasa’y.â€

 

alifta(contact admin if its a beneficial link)

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but lets not forget that jihad alnafs is important for if you dont jahid you self then how would u go to do jihad in the first place not that easy

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Assalaamu alaykum!

 

I do not think the hadith contains fake information. It is true that jihad of the nafs is the greater jihad.

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Assalaamu alaykum!

 

I do not think the hadith contains fake information. It is true that jihad of the nafs is the greater jihad.

 

Actually this hadith contradicts the Quran brother

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The Qur'an has this to say about the nafs:

 

“Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self. And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self.†91:9-10

 

and

 

“O man! Verily, you are endeavouring towards your Lord an endeavour until you meet Him.†84:6

 

Does that sound like a contradiction to you?

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Salam

 

During a battle, the fitnah in much higher than during peace time. It is easier to win a struggle against losing weight than winning a struggle against running away from the battlefield.

 

There are different kinds of sufferings a soldier goes through:

 

There is physical suffering, psychological suffering, and suffering of the heart such as whisperings from Shaytaan or losing faith.

 

To overcome the physical suffering during a battle is easier than overcoming the whispers of Shaytaan. Maybe, Shaytaan makes you think that it is not time to die yet and causes you to run away from the battlefield.

 

The rewards for the shaheed is not just because of their effort to fight the enemy, but also for overcoming all the inner struggles that happen inside the mujahid's mind and heart.

 

To keep you intention intact is also difficult, because if you don't pay attention Fisabilillah might become for the sake of fame. Shaytaan might whisper to the mujahid that what he does is oppression although it is not. Because, mujahideen are close to death the shayateen try to deceive them so that they might have an evil ending.

 

Fighting in jihad is the higher Jihad and fighting against losing weight is lesser jihad compared to the former.

 

However, every jihad has at least three components of suffering:

 

1. Physical Struggle

2. Struggle against nafs such as desires, greed, anger.

3. Whispering of Shaytaan

 

The physical struggle can be very severe, but if you successfully fight the struggle against Shaytaan's waswasa and your own desires.

 

We need to suppress our own desires, greed, anger, and anxiety/anguish which is a prerequisite to winning against the fitnah caused by shaytaan. If you successfully suppress your nafs then shaytan will have a hard time to deceive you by his waswasa.

 

If you have the upper hand during the struggles against self and Shaytaan then it is easy to overcome the physical struggles.

 

Remember, the Khalid bin Waleed ra enjoyed laying on the ground while it was wet and cold waiting for the enemy, because he defeated his inner struggles, so the physical struggles were not severe. Another person might prefer to go home because its cold and wet.

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Salaam alykum

I wouldn't call it fake bro. I mean it is certainly doubtful, but to say that Rasululah (saws) absolutely did not say this... idk... doesn't strike me as right. I mean because it is not authentic it is okay to deny it. IDK if I made much sense sorry...

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The Qur'an has this to say about the nafs:

 

“Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self. And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self.†91:9-10

 

and

 

“O man! Verily, you are endeavouring towards your Lord an endeavour until you meet Him.†84:6

 

Does that sound like a contradiction to you?

 

yes, it contradicts Quran

 

"Those believers who sit at home are not equal to those who perform Jihad in the Path of Allah with their wealth and their selves. Allah has favored those who perform Jihad with their wealth and their selves by degrees over those who sit back. To both (groups) has Allah promised good, but Allah has favored the mujahideen with a great reward, by ranks from Him, and with Forgiveness, over those who sit back. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful." Qur'an [4:95-96]

 

Another translation

 

Such believers who sit at home - unless they have an injury - are not the equals of those who fight in the path of God with their possessions and their selves. God has given precedence to those who fight with their possessions and their selves over those who sit at home. God has promised the best of things to both, and He has preferred those who fight over those who sit at home by [granting them] a mighty reward.

[Quran. 4:95]

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Furthermore, let me mention again that this is from a 12th Century "Story" book. Called Kitab al Baghadadhi.

 

i have already given the views of the scholars on this issue

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:sl:

 

It would make no sense that inner Jihad is greater than physical Jihad based on the fact that the martyrs who die in the cause of Allah are considered far better than ordinary Muslims, and are granted many privileges in the afterlife. This is something that confused me when I used to think the Hadith was authentic.

 

:sl:

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Salam

 

During a battle, the fitnah in much higher than during peace time. It is easier to win a struggle against losing weight than winning a struggle against running away from the battlefield.

 

yes akhi very true but you do need to do jihad al nafs to get to that point to go to the battlefeild and also not to run

There are different kinds of sufferings a soldier goes through:

 

There is physical suffering, psychological suffering, and suffering of the heart such as whisperings from Shaytaan or losing faith.

 

To overcome the physical suffering during a battle is easier than overcoming the whispers of Shaytaan. Maybe, Shaytaan makes you think that it is not time to die yet and causes you to run away from the battlefield.

 

the part that you deal with all this suffering is jihad Al nafs

 

The rewards for the shaheed is not just because of their effort to fight the enemy, but also for overcoming all the inner struggles that happen inside the mujahid's mind and heart.

indeed

To keep you intention intact is also difficult, because if you don't pay attention Fisabilillah might become for the sake of fame. Shaytaan might whisper to the mujahid that what he does is oppression although it is not. Because, mujahideen are close to death the shayateen try to deceive them so that they might have an evil ending.

 

great u said this akhi so looking at this we should understand that in jihad jihad al nafs needs to be there for if u dont your fighting can be a waste meaning not rewarded becasue you couldnt do jihad al nafs

Fighting in jihad is the higher Jihad and fighting against losing weight is lesser jihad compared to the former.

akhi u keep saying losing weight jihad al nafs is way more then this but yes jihad with ones life is the highest form but to get to the high form we need to get over the lower one do we think we can just go to fight in the way of Allah as the prophet did with out doing jihad al nafs

However, every jihad has at least three components of suffering:

 

1. Physical Struggle

2. Struggle against nafs such as desires, greed, anger.

3. Whispering of Shaytaan

 

The physical struggle can be very severe, but if you successfully fight the struggle against Shaytaan's waswasa and your own desires.

 

We need to suppress our own desires, greed, anger, and anxiety/anguish which is a prerequisite to winning against the fitnah caused by shaytaan. If you successfully suppress your nafs then shaytan will have a hard time to deceive you by his waswasa.

 

If you have the upper hand during the struggles against self and Shaytaan then it is easy to overcome the physical struggles.

 

Remember, the Khalid bin Waleed ra enjoyed laying on the ground while it was wet and cold waiting for the enemy, because he defeated his inner struggles, so the physical struggles were not severe. Another person might prefer to go home because its cold and wet.

mashallah

Edited by Umar^111

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Question:

 

Is Jihad in the way of Allah the same level regardless of whether it is with one's life, wealth , or supplication , even if somebody is cabable of the type that involves one's life?

Answer:

 

There are different kinds of jihad - with one's self, wealth, supplication, teaching, giving guidance, or helping others in good in any form.The highest form of jihad, however, is with one's life (the intent here is not suicide, for that is forbidden in Islam)1, then comes Jihad with one's wealth and jihad with teaching and guidance, and in this way Da'wah is a form of jihad, but jihad with one's life is the highest form.

 

1. what is in between the brakets is not from the sheikh's word.

 

Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz

Fatawa Islamiyah Vol:8 p. 24

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Undoubtedly jihaad against the self comes before jihaad against the kuffaar, because one cannot strive against the kuffaar until after one has striven against one’s own self, because fighting is something which the self dislikes. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“Jihaad (holy fighting in Allaah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allaah knows but you do not knowâ€[al-Baqarah 2:216]

 

The point is that jihaad against the enemy cannot take place until one strives and forces oneself to do it, until one’s self submits and accepts that.

 

Fataawa Manaar al-Islam by Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him), 2/421

 

Ibn al-Qayyim said: “Jihaad is of four stages: jihaad al-nafs (striving against the self), jihaad al-shayaateen (striving against the shayaateen or devils), jihaad al-kuffaar (striving against the disbelievers) and jihaad al-munaafiqeen (striving against the hypocrites).

 

Jihaad al-nafs means striving to make oneself learn true guidance, and to follow it after coming to know it, calling others to it, and bearing with patience the difficulties of calling others to Allaah. Jihaad al-Shaytaan means striving against him and warding off the doubts and desires that he throws at a person, and the doubts that undermine faith, and striving against the corrupt desires that he tries to inspire in a person. Jihaad against the kuffaar and munaafiqeen is done in the heart and on the tongue, with one’s wealth and oneself. Jihaad against the kuffaar mostly takes the form of physical action, and jihaad against the munaafiqeen mostly takes the form of words… The most perfect of people are those who have completed all the stages of jihaad. People vary in their status before Allaah according to their status in jihaad.â€(Zaad al-Ma’aad 3/9-12)

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