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Question About Pronouns, Hamza

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Hello,

 

I am having trouble figuring out how to pronounce "your book" (singular, masculine) and "his book". For example, this site and this site give different pronunciations for the two phrases.

 

For "your book" (singular, masculine), one gives the pronunciation as "kitaabuka", while the other gives "kitaabuk".

For "his book", one gives "kitaabuho" and the other gives "kitaabuh" (I learned it in class as "kitaabuhu").

 

Can someone please clarify which are correct?

 

My other question concerns hamza. I know that if hamza comes at the beginning of a word, it is written either above or below an alif. If I want an "i" sound, I write the hamza below. If I want an "a" or "u" sounds, I write it above - but is there any difference in writing hamza when I want "a" as opposed to "u"?

 

Hamza is still a little foggy for me. Any further explanation would be greatly appreciated.

 

Thanks :sl:

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PropellerAds

For the pronunciation of the personal pronouns, both ways are correct (in a sense).

Forms like kitabuhu are classical. Usually, if you are taking a course in Modern Standard Arabic, this is what you'll be taught. Forms like kitabuh/kitaboh are colloquial, that is, used in everyday speech. It's important eventually to know both, unless you wish only to read.

 

(Most of the vowels at the end of words disappear in colloquial dialects, and this often causes shifts in stress and shortening of vowels inside words. For instance, kataba -> ketab.)

 

For the orthography of the hamza, don't feel bad if it's foggy. The rules are complex, and even educated native speakers make mistakes.

 

In general, at the beginning of a word, hamza with 'a' and 'u' will not be distinguished -- apart from the vowel itself, of course. There are exceptions, but I'd not worry too much about them. As you start to read, you will easily learn them.

 

Hope this helps.

 

Salam

Dr. Yahya

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ok brother ,, it is easy ..

 

now ,, when you speak to a man who before you ..

 

& you want inform him that that car/pen/book is his own ..

 

you will add the litter : " k" at the end of the man's own ..

 

ex .

 

your car /book..

 

"Sayyaratuk "/ ketabuk ..etc

 

do you see that "your" in english used before the own ..

 

while in arabic you just add "K" at the end of the own ..

 

>> when you speak to a women , the same but you add " ky "

 

as , it is your ring ..>>"Khatamuky"

 

your book >>"ketabuky"

 

 

---------------

 

but when you speak about a man who absent ..

 

you said : i spoke to my bother & he gave me his book "

 

"his " in english , while in Arabic we add : "h" at the end of the word ..

 

ketabuh = his book ..

 

while , if you speak about a women , you add : " ha " at the end of the word ..

 

her book = ketabuha ..

 

,,

 

is it clear O brother?!!

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one gives the pronunciation as "kitaabuka", while the other gives "kitaabuk".

 

one gives "kitaabuho" and the other gives "kitaabuh" (I learned it in class as "kitaabuhu").

 

brother ,,

 

they all are correct ..

 

"kitaabuka" +"kitaabuho" = formal language ..

 

"kitaabuk" +"kitaabuh" = informal language or formal but when they come at the end of your speech/sentence -so you can say them as formal before you finish a point or a sentence ..

 

,,

 

is there any difference in writing hamza when I want "a" as opposed to "u"?

 

no , brother ..

 

they are written by the same way but their pronunciation ..

 

"a"= Ã ó

 

like when you read Surat al -Ekhlas ..

 

" Þá åæ Çááå ÃÃÃ"

 

qul howa Allah Ahaad = which means Allah is the only one god.

 

---

 

u ..

 

" Ã õ "

 

you say it as : u ,& find this mark " õ " above the litter . ex .

 

" æ ÇáÃíä íÄãäæä 鋂 ÃõäÒá Åáíß æ ãÇ ÃäÒá ãä ÞÈáß"

 

in surat al-baqara ..

 

read it with me as :wallathen yomenon bima unzela elayka wa ma unzel mn qablik "

 

means : those who believe in al-Quran & the previous books like Torah & Gospel ..

 

,,

 

any problem till my brother ?!!

 

i ll help you ..

 

may Allah bless you

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