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Islam On The Problem Of Evil And Free Will

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Preordainment of mankind's deeds



Allah (Exalted be He) states: Surah At-Tawbah, 9: 51 Say: “Nothing shall ever happen to us" Are the misfortunes we experience ordained by Allah as well? If so, what does this Ayah (Qur'anic verse) mean: Surah Al-Nisa', 4: 79 Whatever of good reaches you, is from Allâh, but whatever of evil befalls you, is from yourself.



A. KH. Gh., `Afif



A: All good and evil matters that befall Allah's Servants is preordained, for Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states:Surah Al-Qamar, 54: 49 Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz). He (Glorified be He) also states:Surah Al-Hadid, 57: 22 No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz) before We bring it into existence.


Allah (Glorified be He) states:Surah At-Tawbah, 9: 51 Say: “Nothing shall ever happen to us" However, good deeds are among the Bounties of Allah, since He has ordained them and guided servants to perform them, all praise be to Allah for that. As for evil deeds, they are preordained by Allah [Due to His knowledge of past and future] but the servants do these sins willingly. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states:Surah Al-Shura, 42: 30 And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much. (See the Qur’ân Verse 35:45). He (Glorified and Exalted be He) also states:Surah Al-Ra`d, 13: 11 Verily, Allâh will not change the (good) condition of a people as long as they do not change their state (of goodness) themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allâh). But when Allâh wills a people’s punishment, there can be no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector.


Allah (Glorified be He) has preordained the good and evil deeds of humans. He has guided some to do good while He has not guided others to abstain from evil for a Wisdom only He knows due to reasons related to the servants. Allah is praised in either case for His Perfect Knowledge, Wisdom, and Justice.

Edited by Orthodox

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Problem of evil is handle through Sharia law, that includes obeying the commandments of God as He sets in The Quran.


Free Will is not a simple topic, it is better to leave it untouched. Free Will only belongs to The All Powerful God.

However, we have a choice and we will be held responsible for the choices we make. The more I speak further the more complicate it will get for you to understand, i will better leave it here.





COMPLEX: Handling the problem of evil...


It depends on an individuals..


It depends on the rank of a person in the sight of God.

A common person will handle it differently to a person who is more nearer to God.


If a common person reads about how a person close to God handle a problem, it might lead him to disbelief, because his mind is not able to accept the truth yet. Perhaps maybe in future if God wills..


Same goes for the free Will...


As it is said that a small sin of a common person is a great sin for a person close to God.

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You can find a good read on that here : (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_hamzatzortzis.blogspot(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/2009/09/philosophical-theological-response-to.html"]The Problem Of Evil[/url]

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