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How Old Was Muhammad When He Married The 6-year-old Aisha?

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Was Ayesha really 6 years old when she married Muhammad?

 

A few comments about Muhammad’s marriages are in order. Muhammad married his first wife, Khadijah, several years before his announcement as a prophet of Islam. Khadijah was a reasonably well-to-do woman of Makkah and was 15 years his senior. Muhammad was 25 and Khadijah was 40 at the time of their marriage. This loving and caring monogamous relationship continued for 25 years until her death. Muhammad, now over 50 years of age, married a relatively aged woman by the name of Saudah. It is thus important to note here that Muhammad’s twenty five prime youth years were spent in purely monogamous relationship with a lady 15 years his senior. This speaks volumes about this man’s piety and loyalty in spousal matters as well as about the fact that his later marriages could not have been motivated by any human wild sexual desires. In 620-621 A.D, he and his devout companions migrated from Makkah to Medina. Then a couple of years later, he married Ayesha, a daughter of his closest companion, Abu Bakr, in the 3rd Hijrah (Islamic calendar--623-24 A.D). This information coming from diverse historical and Hadith sources is widely agreed upon and therefore can be, a priori, considered authentic. Based on this information, and a host of other related bits and pieces detailed below, it can be shown that Ayesha could have been at least 16-19 of age at the time of her marriage with Muhammad (pbuh). The following is the detail of the analysis of these historical and Hadith accounts.

 

1. Several books of Hadith (Al-Bukhari and Al-Muslim, Abu Dawood, among others) and Islamic history (Tabari, among others) report that Ayesha was married to the Prophet at 6 but her marriage was not consummated until she was 9. Although, this information is widely quoted and found in many Hadith and history books, it must be noted that most of this information has come from a single person, Hisham bin Urwah, who is the last narrator of this Hadith Isnaad (chain of narration) on the authority of his father. Thus, this Hadith is primarily a single Hadith. Some other narratives mention the same Hadith but their narration has been found weak and unacceptable. In general, a Hadith has more credibility if it is narrated by more people independently from diverse chains of narrators. In this case, there is basically only one source.

 

2. Despite the abundance of information available during the 71 years that Hisham bin Urwah lived and taught in Medina, it is rather odd that that no one else—not even his famous pupil Malik ibn Anas---reported Ayesha’s age from Hisham in Medina. Furthermore, all the narrators of this Hadith were Iraqis. Hisham is reported to have moved to Iraq in his later years. An extensive list of biographical sketches of all narrators including these Iraqis is available in some books.

 

3. Yaqub ibn Shaibah is reported to have said, “narratives reported by Hisham are reliable except those that are reported through the people of Iraq". Malik ibn Anas (d. 795), a student of Hisham in fact discredited all narratives of Hisham that were reported through people of Iraq.

 

(Tehzibu'l-tehzib, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Arabic, Dar Ihya al-turath al-Islami, one of the most well known books on the life and reliability of the narrators of the traditions of the Prophet (pbuh), vol 11, pg 48 - 51).

 

4. It is reported that Hisham bin Urwah’s memory suffered in his later years to the extent that some of the traditions reported from Hisham bin Urwah could not be trusted for authenticity.

 

(Mizanu'l-ai`tidal, by Al-Zahbi , Arabic, a book on the life sketches of the narrators of the Hadith, Al-Maktabatu'l-athriyyah, Sheikhupura, Pakistan, Vol 4, pg 301).

 

5. Even though Ayesha is reported to have been born about eight years before Hijrah (around 614 A.D.), one can find another narrative in Bukhari (kitabu'l-tafseer) whereby Ayesha is reported to have said that she was a ‘young girl’ at the time of revelation of the 54th chapter of the Qur'an which came 9 years before Hijrah (around 612 A.D). Thus, according to this tradition, Ayesha was a young girl (Jariyah—as she calls herself and not an infant in which case she would be sibyah). Additionally, this narrative stands in direct contrast to the one reported on Ayesha’s age by Hisham bin Urwah. This puts Ayesha’s age significantly higher than 9 as reported by Hisham bin Urwah—possibly 15 or even higher. Obviously, if this narrative is held to be true, it is in clear

contradiction with the narratives reported by Hisham

ibn Urwah. There is no compelling reason as to why this tradition should be considered less accurate vis-à-vis Hisham’s narrative).

 

(Sahih Bukhari, kitabu'l-tafsir, Arabic, Bab Qaulihi Bal al-sa`atu Maw`iduhum wa'l-sa`atu adha' wa amarr).

 

6. According to many narratives, Ayesha participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud. No one older than 15 was allowed to accompany the Prophet’s army in the battle of Uhud. This applied across the board to all participants, men and women alike. The battle of Uhud took place around the 2nd Hijrah, a time line close to her marriage with the Prophet. Obviously, she was at least older than 15 at that time.

 

7. A narrative regarding Ayesha's participation in the battle of `Uhud is given in Bukhari, (Kitabu'l-jihad wa'l-siyar, Arabic, Bab Ghazwi'l-nisa' wa qitalihinna ma`a'lrijal; that all boys under 15 were sent back is given in Bukhari, Kitabu'l-maghazi, Bab ghazwati'l-khandaq wa hiya'l-ahza'b, Arabic).

 

8. Most historians have consensus on the age of one of the oldest female companions of the Prophet, namely, Asma, the elder sister of Ayesha that was ten years older than Ayesha. It is also reported in Taqri'bu'l-tehzi'b as well as Al-bidayah wa'l-nihayah that Asma died in 73 Hijrah when she was 100 years old. Clearly, if Asma was 27 or 28 years old at the time of Hijrah, Ayesha was 17 at the time of Hijrah and 19 at the time of consummation of her marriage with Muhammad.

 

(For Asma being 10 years older than Ayesha, see A`la'ma'l-nubala', Al-Zahabi, Vol 2, Pg 289, Arabic, Mu'assasatu'l-risalah, Beirut, 1992. Ibn Kathir confirms this fact, [Asma] was elder to her sister [Ayesha] by ten years" (Al-Bidayah wa'l-nihayah, Ibn Kathir, Vol 8, Pg 371, Arabic, Dar al-fikr al-`arabi, Al-jizah, 1933). For Asma being 100 years old, see Al-Bidayah wa'l-nihayah, Ibn Kathir, Vol 8, Pg 372, Arabic, Dar al-fikr al-`arabi, Al-jizah, 1933). Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani also has the same information: "She [Asma (ra)] lived a hundred years and died in 73 or 74 AH." Taqribu'l-tehzib, Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani, Pg 654, Arabic, Bab fi'l-nisa', al-harfu'l-alif, Lucknow).

 

9. Tabari informs in his treatise on Islamic history that Abu Bakr had four children and all four were born during the pre Islamic period. The pre-Islamic period ended in 610 A.D, a fact that makes Ayesha to be at least 14 years of age at the time of her marriage around 613-624 A.D.

 

Tarikhu'l-umam wa'l-mamlu'k, Al-Tabari, Vol 4, Pg 50, Arabic, Dara'l-fikr, Beirut, 1979).

 

10. Ibn Hisham, the historian, reports that Ayesha (ra) accepted Islam quite some time before `Umar ibn al-Khattab which only means that Ayesha (ra) accepted Islam close to the time of first revelation (around 610 A.D). This means she must have been at least a young girl at that time. Assuming she was barely 6 or 7 at that time this information puts the age of Ayesha at 20 or more at the time of her marriage with Muhammad (623-624 A.D.), (Al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah, Ibn Hisham, vol 1, Pg 227 – 234 and 295, Arabic, Maktabah al-Riyadh al-hadithah, Al-Riyadh).

 

11. Tabari reports that before migrating to Habashah, Abu Bakr planned to hand over his daughter, Ayesha to Mut’am’s son to whom she was engaged. But fearing persecution by the Quraish, Mut’am refused and his son divorced Ayesha. The migration to Habashah happened 8 years before Hijra. Obviously, at the time she was ready to take on responsibilities as a wife (possibly 9 or 10 years of age). If she married Muhammad in the 2nd Hijrah (623-624 A.D), she could not be less than 19 years of age (a secondary reference for this argument is: Tehqiq e umar e Siddiqah e Ka'inat, Habib ur Rahman Kandhalwi, Urdu, Pg 38, Anjuman Uswa e hasanah, Karachi, Pakistan).

 

12. A famous Sunni imam, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, reports in His Musnad, that after the death of Khadijah, Khaulah came to the Prophet (pbuh) and advised him to marry again. She had two propositions for the Prophet: Either Muhammad could marry a virgin (bikr), or he could go for woman who had already been married (thayyib)". Khaulah named Ayesha for a virgin (bikr). It is common knowledge that the term bikr in the Arabic language refers to a well formed lady and not to a 9 year old, playful, immature lass. If she were nine, the word used by Khaulah would have been jariyah and not bikr.

 

(Musnad, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vol 6, Pg 210, Arabic, Dar Ihya al-turath al-`arabi, Beirut).

 

13. Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani has reported that Fatimah, Muhammad’s daughter, was five years older than Ayesha and that Fatimah was born when the Prophet was 35 years old. Thus, Ayesha, according to Ibn Hajar, was born when Muhammad was 40 and consummated her marriage when he was 54 or 55. That makes Aysha at least 15-16 years of age.

 

(Al-isabah fi tamyizi'l-sahabah, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Vol 4, Pg 377, Arabic, Maktabatu'l-Riyadh al-haditha, al-Riyadh,1978)

 

Finally, it must be pointed out that Ayesha’s age at the time of her marriage has never been an issue. If it were, his enemies must have picked up on this issue as they did to him on some other issues. Also, the reader must note that none of these Hadith reports concerning Ayesha’s controversial age of marriage with the Prophet goes back to the Prophet himself. In other words, it is not the Prophet himself who said Ayesha was 6 or 9. These reports came from a single individual and the Iraqis reported from him when he grew old and his memory started failing.

 

In conclusion, this article is an attempt to prove that the books written 200-300 years after the death of Muhammad, while providing a good deal of historical information about him are not free from faulty, less than perfect and self-contradictory materials. These should not be taken as the final word for a Muslim. There is a Final Word for a Muslim and that is the Book of God, the Holy Qur’an—the book that defines the marriageable age for a man or woman when he or she attains soundness of judgment (Al-Qur’an 4:6). If Muhammad is a model for mankind, if he followed the Qur’an all his life, if Allah stands witness to his rock-solid character, there is no way that he could have taken a 6-9 year old, immature young, playful girl as a responsible wife.

 

You can find the complete article here: (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetquranicteachings.co.uk/ayeshas-age.htm"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetquranicteachings.co.uk/ayeshas-age.htm[/url][using large font size is not allowed]

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These things were discussed before.

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0#"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0#[/url]

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0[/url]

 

In Islam, women have the right to object to the suitor. Muhammad :sl: lived a life that is way different than the Western etc... life.

 

None of his :sl: wives divorced him. They had the right to divorce. Can any compete? The answer is no. So imagine what kind of a husband he was. The kind that actually knows how to treat women.

Edited by Orthodox

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Thanks.

 

Hathan, this topic has been posted in this forum from 2008 (or maybe earlier). Lastly again I raised it, it was answered at then as well. We muslim brothers and sisters has given you enough signs, logic, evidence to what is the truth. All of us acted as a team. Helping each other and you know the bonds here.

 

Brother I think you already know whatever you asked. Still why are you asking ?

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Hathan, this topic has been posted in this forum from 2008 (or maybe earlier). Lastly again I raised it, it was answered at then as well. We muslim brothers and sisters has given you enough signs, logic, evidence to what is the truth. All of us acted as a team. Helping each other and you know the bonds here.

 

Brother I think you already know whatever you asked. Still why are you asking ?

 

On the contrary, I didn't know Muhammad's exact age when he married the 6-year-old girl, though I knew it was mid 50s.

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These things were discussed before.

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0#"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0#[/url]

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?showtopic=232940&st=0[/url]

 

In Islam, women have the right to object to the suitor. Muhammad :sl: lived a life that is way different than the Western etc... life.

 

None of his :sl: wives divorced him. They had the right to divorce. Can any compete? The answer is no. So imagine what kind of a husband he was. The kind that actually knows how to treat women.

 

I'm afraid I can indeed imagine, all too clearly, what sort of husband he was, and how he treated women.

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Pity those guys who apply the rules of "so-called civilization" on that period and fools are those who don't know what a noble blood and it's lineage means.

 

Biggest fools are those who cannot understand the era they are speaking of it now and are ignorants who find "accusation" a great deed....

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Pity those guys who apply the rules of "so-called civilization" on that period and fools are those who don't know what a noble blood and it's lineage means.

 

Biggest fools are those who cannot understand the era they are speaking of it now and are ignorants who find "accusation" a great deed....

 

And pity those who take the rules of such an ancient and barberous time, enshrine them in a holy book that can never be changed, and continue to apply those rules today.

 

And also pity those who think a noble lineage means anything more than generations of inbreeding.

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And pity those who take the rules of such an ancient and barberous time, enshrine them in a holy book that can never be changed, and continue to apply those rules today.

 

And also pity those who think a noble lineage means anything more than generations of inbreeding.

 

 

I pity those who try to put down Islam, my way of life. It is obvious Hathan that you are here in an attempt to put down Islam, not for a learning purpose. There are many like you since the time Muhammad, and many more to come, but I can give you a 100% guarantee that you will never be able to put it down, even if you take all that are like you and joined together.

 

My only advice to you is pick up the Qur'an, read it, and if you want to challenge it, make another like it.

Edited by Noor Al Huda

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I pity those who try to put down Islam, my way of life. It is obvious Hathan that you are here in an attempt to put down Islam, not for a learning purpose. There are many like you since the time Muhammad, and many more to come, but I can give you a 100% guarantee that you will never be able to put it down, even if you take all that are like you and joined together.

 

My only advice to you is pick up the Qur'an, read it, and if you want to challenge it, make another like it.

 

Why on earth would I want to write something like the Koran?

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I pity those who try to put down Islam, my way of life. It is obvious Hathan that you are here in an attempt to put down Islam, not for a learning purpose. There are many like you since the time Muhammad, and many more to come, but I can give you a 100% guarantee that you will never be able to put it down, even if you take all that are like you and joined together.

 

My only advice to you is pick up the Qur'an, read it, and if you want to challenge it, make another like it.

 

yeah..make another like it if you think is wrong...

 

Hathan Posted Today, 02:38 PM

 

And pity those who take the rules of such an ancient and barberous time, enshrine them in a holy book that can never be changed, and continue to apply those rules today.

 

And also pity those who think a noble lineage means anything more than generations of inbreeding.

 

I am so proud to be a muslim now.....we have some purpose in life....we realize time is short coz we what will happen.....Ancient times ?? one book is enough as the message is same forever...we do not make rules and acknowledge the limitations of human for making ......... Allah sets down the rules....

 

We beleive the following, :

 

''The translation2 of Surah Ikhlas (Holy Qur'an 112:1-4) is:

 

Say: He is Allah, the One and Only! Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not nor is He begotten. And there is none like unto Him. ''

 

I loves the verses of the Qur'an...it is amazing....

 

 

You know about Firaun ? You are like Firaun,,,,with your western culture and rituals you may get the Glitters in this before death only....after wait...

 

Hathan, what do u think and/or beleive what will happen after death ?

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I think Hathan in deep down is attracted to Islam. He's trying hard to fool himself by denying his urge for submitting himself to the Almighty Allah Subhanatala. Therefore he's trying to put Islam/his urge down. I feel sorry/happy for him.

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Islam asks for Honesty, Steadfastness, Legal, Lawful and Sincere worship, Islam asks to deny Evil, Islam asks for compassion, mercy, Islam asks for Obedience, and if you notice Islam circumnavigates human life - Islam is not forceful, it asks you to perform Hajj if you have money, if you don't have the money don't do it, you are asked to sacrifice an animal once a year, if you have the money do it, if you don't have the money, don't do it....simple yet effective...

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yeah..make another like it if you think is wrong...

 

Hathan Posted Today, 02:38 PM

 

And pity those who take the rules of such an ancient and barberous time, enshrine them in a holy book that can never be changed, and continue to apply those rules today.

 

And also pity those who think a noble lineage means anything more than generations of inbreeding.

 

I am so proud to be a muslim now.....we have some purpose in life....we realize time is short coz we what will happen.....Ancient times ?? one book is enough as the message is same forever...we do not make rules and acknowledge the limitations of human for making ......... Allah sets down the rules....

 

We beleive the following, :

 

''The translation2 of Surah Ikhlas (Holy Qur'an 112:1-4) is:

 

Say: He is Allah, the One and Only! Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not nor is He begotten. And there is none like unto Him. ''

 

I loves the verses of the Qur'an...it is amazing....

You know about Firaun ? You are like Firaun,,,,with your western culture and rituals you may get the Glitters in this before death only....after wait...

 

Hathan, what do u think and/or beleive what will happen after death ?

 

Certainly not what Islam teaches.

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Certainly not what Islam teaches.

 

Hathan, you are trying to do one of two things, either you are trying to learn about Islam for real, or you are just trying to be argumentative. If you really want to learn about Islam and better understand it, you know how to do so. Study Islam in depth and then and only then can you make judgments. Become a scholar of Islam even if you don't want to follow it, only then will you have the right to say 'what Islam teaches,' and that is when I might take your words into consideration.

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Unlike Judaism, everything is open in Islam, nothing is hidden, nothing is confusing, the Basic is the obedience of Allah and to follow His commandments, Bottomline is the "Belief" of accepting the fact that There is One Supreme Being who is managing all the matters of Skies, Stars, Sun, Moon Oceans and Mankind.

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I'm afraid I can indeed imagine, all too clearly, what sort of husband he was, and how he treated women.

 

Why don't you share with us what you imagine, and what this imagination is based on? Because there is plenty of information about what sort of person he was; it would be interesting to see if a non-Muslim is open-minded enough to dig deeper.

 

Salam.

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I think Hathan in deep down is attracted to Islam....

 

 

 

 

Sort on like a car accident. You want to look but... :sl:

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The moment Allah strike a cord in your heart, you will Bandar - I used to visit an Islamic Forum called "WhyIslam", there was that Jewish guy who was the worst enemy and he had questions like WOW, after year and a half of arguments, discussions, accusations he embraced Islam, I think he was from New York, then he moved to Houston as his parents were Orthodox Jews and he wanted to face them with pure knowledge of Islam.

 

He was quite a handful you know....

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Why don't you share with us what you imagine, and what this imagination is based on? Because there is plenty of information about what sort of person he was; it would be interesting to see if a non-Muslim is open-minded enough to dig deeper.

 

Salam.

 

Or, conversely, if a Muslim is open-minded enough to look at it objectively.

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so muhammad was 53 and aisha was 6, so what? no big deal for the muslims. thats not a sin.

 

its not for you being other religion, or me a christian and other non mulims to raise our eyebrows and wag our finger. thats gonna make us hypocrites for we dont wag our finger at gay priests, nudist beaches and gyms etc. thats sinful but they do it anyhow. :sl:

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