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Sunnah Prayers

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I want to pray more than the 5 obligatory prayers but all the info I can find on sunnah prayers is conflicting and confusing, can someone please provide an easy to understand explanation of sunnah prayers including witr that doesn't have lots of Arabic terms please?

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Asalamualaikum

The following are the optional Prayers

1. Two Rak'ah before Fajr

2. 2+2 Rak'ah before Dhuhr

3. 2 after Duhr

4. 2 after Maghrib

5 . 2 after Esha

The above are called the rawatib prayers .

 

6. Tarawih/Tahajjud Prayer (esp. in Ramadan) after esha in units of 2,2,2,...as much you can . Most people pray either 20 or 8

7. 2+1 after tahajjud called witr

8. (6) can be also prayed after waking up after midnight or in the hour before fajr . It is then called Qiyam-u-layl

 

Hope this helps you to do the optional prayers

 

Wassalamualiakum

[##][/##]

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Assalamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahee wa Barakatu

 

Here are a few voluntary prayers you can perform:

 

After every wudu or ghusl pray two rak'ah.

Pray two rak'ah sunnah prayer before the obligatory fajr prayer.

Pray two or four rak'ah Doha Prayer which is the after sunrise prayer.

Pray two rak'ah or four Sunnah Prayer before the obligatory Dhuhr Prayer

Pray two rak'ah Sunnah Prayer after the obligatory Dhuhr Prayer.

Pray as many voluntary prayers between Dhuhr and Asr as you like.

Pray two rak'ah Nafl Prayer before the obligatory Asr Prayer.

Pray two rak'ah Nafl Prayer before the obligatory Maghrib Prayer.

Pray two rak'ah Sunnah Prayer after the obligatory Maghrib Prayer.

Pray two rak'ah Sunnah Prayer before the obligatory Ishaa Prayer.

Pray two rak'ah Sunnah Prayer after the obligatory Ishaa Prayer.

Pray Taraweeh during Ramadhan after Ishaa Prayer.

Pray Eight Rak'ah Tahajjud Prayer at night. Eight rak'ah means four times two units.

Pray Two Rak'ah Shafi Prayer after finishing the Tahajjud.

Pray one rak'ah Witr Prayer after the Shafi' Prayer.

Pray two rak'ah when entering the Masjid.

If there is the opportunity pray the eclipse prayer or Janaza Prayer.

 

Tahajjud does not have a required amount of rak'ah, but 8 rak'ah is how the prophet prayed it. During the Night Prayer it is better to have a long standing. One rak'ah with long standing is more rewarding than many short rak'ah.

 

If you have specific questions about the prayers, please ask.

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Salam 'Alaykum

 

Apologies if you do not require this information anymore but i have not seen a reply (I am new to this forum).

 

In simple terms, prayers other then the obligatory prayer are of two types:

 

[1] Extra Prayers that would be done in emulation of the Prophet, known as sunnah prayers

 

[2] Voluntary prayers that are done as and when one just wants to prayer

 

The second one is an easy matter and just means pray when you want as much as you want just avoid times that are forbidden (e.g after the "Asr prayer until the Sun sets), place that are forbidden (e.g a toilet) and states that are forbidden (eg the menstrual pause)

 

As for the first then that means to perform a prayer that is recommended because it coincided with a reason, time, place or circumstance about which Prophet, may Allah send blessings and peace be upon him, paid attention to and encouraged others to do likewise.

 

One example of this is the prayers the Prophet would do that were connected to the 5 daily obligatory prayers (known as rawatib - from something which is done consitently)

These are 2 units of prayer before Fajr; 4 before Thuhr & 2 after; 3 after maghrib and 2 after isha.

The reward being tremendous for one who keep these prayers with a house being built for that person in paradise as well as the fact that they act as a booster for the inadequacies of our obligatory prayers.

 

Another example is the witr prayer (witr comes from the meaning of something to be odd and the reference is here is finishing the prayer with an odd number of units - either 1 or 3)

It is preferred to pray this prayer before dawn but if someone fears they will not wake up then before they go to sleep.

The Prophet, may Allah send blessings and peace be upon him, would attach his witr prayer to his night prayer, so he would pray a number of prayers (2 units each time) and then finish with witr either a single one or with 3)

 

Other examples include the 2 unit prayer for entering a Masjid; the prayer of duha (after sunrise to just before thuhr); the prayer for rain, the prayer when an eclipse occurs and so on...

 

Hope that is the information you are after :-)

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correction: 3 after maghrib

should be

2 after maghrib

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Assalamo alaikum

 

No brother, they're the same as obligatory prayers. In each rak'aa you recite al-fa'teha followed by verses from any chapter.

The only difference is the intention, where you intend in your heart to pray the sunnah of fajr/duhr..etc.

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