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the sad clown

The Zakat

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I'm not very familiar with the Zakat, its rules and regulations. I know it has been compared to the tithe, but I don't know how good of a comparison that is. Are there rules on how much should be given, who it should be given to, or how it should be distributed? Are there rules exempting an individual from paying it and what sort of conditions might those be? Any other pertinent facts you can think of would also be appreciated.

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I don't know enough about tithe to compare with zakath. Is there a formula in the bible which says how much a person is to spend in charity; maybe you can elaborate on it.

Zakat is one of the 5 pillars of Islam and is mandatory. Its 2.5% of a persons capital. Here's a hadith, that should answer some of the other q?s.

The Prophet said: 'Charity is a necessity for every Muslim. ' He was asked: 'What if a person has nothing?' The Prophet replied: 'He should work with his own hands for his benefit and then give something out of such earnings in charity.' The Companions asked: 'What if he is not able to work?' The Prophet said: 'He should help poor and needy persons.' The Companions further asked 'What if he cannot do even that?' The Prophet said 'He should urge others to do good.' The Companions said 'What if he lacks that also?' The Prophet said 'He should check himself from doing evil. That is also charity.'

 

there's a small detailed article at this site (you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_muttaqun(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/zakat.html). It also has a zakat calculator on it.

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The tithe in Christian circles is considered 10% of income. This is a little simplified from how it is actually laid out in the Bible, but works well enough in a modern context. Typically the tithe is given to the church, which then uses it for its operating budget as well as other causes as determined by the authority(ies) in that church.

 

Is the 2.5% a percentage determined in the Qur'an or is it found in a hadith. It makes no difference to me, but I read else where that the percentage can vary and isn't a set number, which confused me. Also, the passage you quoted would seem to indicate that the zakat is owed even if one lacks financial means (in that case you perform it by helping others, encouraging others to do good, etc.) Of course, it would be hard to measure 2.5% when what you are giving is encouragement, but I think that makes sense. Is there a regulation that determines when one is sufficiently poor so as to not be required to pay a monetary zakat?

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Zakat can be given to the Masjid or people listed in this verse. 9:60 As-Sadaqât (here it means Zakât) are only for the Fuqarâ' (poor), and Al-Masâkin (the poor/the needy) and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islâm); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allâh's Cause (i.e. for Mujâhidûn - those fighting in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allâh. And Allâh is All-Knower, All-Wise.

Based on the above verse, here's the definition of who gets the Zakat funds.

1. The Poor (Fuqaraa): They are those who are not able to support themselves with sufficient means, except for very little, which is less than half (a year). So if a person cannot find that which will support himself and his family for at least half a year, he is considered poor ( faqeer) and he should be given what will suffice him and his family for a year.

 

2. The Needy (Masaakeen): They are those who are able to support themselves with sufficient means for half of the year or more, but not enough for the entire year. So they should receive support that will complete the year for them. If a person does not have any cash on him, but yet has some other source of income, such as a profession, a salary or investment profits that will support him financially, he should not be given Zakaat. This is based on the Prophet's statement: "There is no share in it (i.e. the Zakaat) for a wealthy person or for a strong able-bodied person who can earn a living."

 

3. Those employed to collect the Zakaat: They are the ones put in charge by the ruler of a country to collect the Zakaat from those who owe it, distribute it to those who are entitled to it, guard the funds and all other types of duties involved with the supervision of Zakaat. So they should be given a portion of the Zakaat in accordance with the work they put in, even if they may already be wealthy.

 

4. Those whose hearts will be inclined: This refers to tribal and clan leaders, who do not have strong Faith. They should be given Zakaat so as to strengthen their Faith, which will make them callers to Islaam and good role models. But what if a person is weak in his Islaam, and he is not from the leaders who are followed and obeyed, but rather from the common folk, should he be given some Zakaat in order to strengthen his Faith?

 

Some scholars hold that it should be given to him since benefiting one's religion is better than benefiting one's body. Look at the example of a poor person. He is given Zakaat in order to nourish his body. So nourishing someone's heart with Faith is greater and of more benefit. However some scholars hold that he should not be given the Zakaat since the benefit of strengthening his Faith is a personal benefit that is specific to him alone.

 

5. Slaves: What falls under this is buying slaves using Zakaat funds in order to free them, as well as assisting in the liberation of Muslim war captives.

 

6. Those in debt: They are the ones who owe debts. This is on the condition that they do not possess that which will enable them to remove their debts. So these people should be given enough (Zakaat) that will relieve them of their debt, whether it is a small or large amount, even if they may be wealthy due to their livelihood. So in the case where there is a man who has some income that is enough for the livelihood of himself and his family, but he has some debt that he cannot repay, he may be given sufficient Zakaat that will remove his debt from him. However, it is not permissible for a person who is owed money by a poor person to cancel that person's debt, intending to give his share of Zakaat by that.

 

The scholars have differed regarding the case where the one in debt is someone's father or son. Can he be given Zakaat in order to remove his debt? The correct opinion is that it is permissible. It is permissible for a person who owes Zakaat to go to the creditor (person owed the debt) and pay him back the loan of the indebted without the latter being aware of it. This is on the condition that the person owing Zakaat knows that the indebted one is unable to repay his debt.

 

7. In the Cause of Allaah: This refers to Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah. So those who fight in Jihaad should be given a portion of the Zakaat that will suffice them for their Jihaad and enable them to buy the necessary tools for Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah.

 

What also falls under "the Cause of Allaah" is religious knowledge. So a student of Islamic knowledge should be given that which will enable him to seek knowledge, such as books and so on. This is unless he already has money of his own that will enable him to achieve that.

 

8. The Wayfarer: This refers to a traveler that has been cut off from his journey. So he should be given enough Zakaat that will enable him to return to his homeland.

 

These are the people who are entitled to receive Zakaat, the ones whom Allaah has mentioned in His Book and informed us that this is an obligation that He mandated, which stems from His knowledge and wisdom. And Allaah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

That's a good question I would like to know how we got the percentage; I have never thought of this question. I am sure other members might have answer to that. <you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_muttaqun(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/zakat.html>

 

What I have found is that

"Zakat, as a specific amount, was ordained in Madinah during the month of Shawwal of the second year of Hijrah. In order to emphasize its importance, the order to give Zakat is associated with the order to perform prayers over eighty times in the Nobel Qur'an. In one verse which is repeated many times Allah (SWT) says what can be translated as, "... And perform prayers and give Zakat...†and Allah (SWT) says to His Messenger (SAW) what can be translated as, "Of their wealth take alms so that, through it, you may purify and sanctify them..." [surah At-Tawbah (9:103)]

The order to give Zakat is established numerous times not only in the Noble Qur'an, but also in the Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). The Prophet (SAW) said: "Islam is built on five pillars...†[Reported by Imams Bukhari, Muslim] and he mentioned Zakat as one of them. When the Prophet (SAW) sent Mu'ath to the people of Yemen, he told him: "... And let them know that Allah has ordained on them alms, to be taken from their rich (people) and given to their poor...†[Reported by Imams Bukhari, Muslim, and others]"

 

<you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islam1(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/iar/imam/archives/2004/12/30/zakatulmal_zakat.php>

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Salaam;

I found this site informative on the topic of Zakat; Inshallah it will help out other members as well.

 

[iframe]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islam1(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/iar/imam/archives/2004/12/30/zakatulmal_zakat.php[i'm not allowed to use this tag yet]

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That was very detailed. I think it answered just about all of my questions. Thanks again for your help.

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The literal meaning of Zakat is ‘to cleanse’ or ‘purification’. In the Islamic faith, Zakat means purifying your wealth for the will of Allah to acknowledge that everything we own belongs to Allah SWT and to work towards the betterment of the Muslim Ummah. According to Islamic regulations, Zakat is 2.5% of one year’s total cumulative wealth. This amount is then distributed to the poor. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) has said “Whoever pays the zakat on his wealth will have its evil removed from him.

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