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What is the meaning of belief in al-Qadar (the divine will and decree)?

 

(you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa.info/en/ref/34732/free%20will"]you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_islamqa.info/en/ref/34732/free%20will[/url]

 

Praise be to Allaah.

 

Qadar means that Allaah has decreed everything that happens in the universe according to His prior knowledge and the dictates of His wisdom.

 

Belief in al-Qadar includes four things:

 

1 – The belief that Allaah knows all things, in general and in detail, from eternity to eternity, whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of His slaves.

 

2 – The belief that Allaah has written that in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees).

 

Concerning these two matters Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“Know you not that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is (all) in the Book (Al‑Lawh Al‑Mahfooz). Verily, that is easy for Allaahâ€

[al-Hajj 22:70]

 

In Saheeh Muslim (2653) it is narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Allaah wrote down the decrees of creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.â€

 

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The first thing that Allaah created was the Pen, and He said to it, ‘Write!’ It said, ‘O Lord, what should I write?’ He said: ‘Write down the decrees of all things until the Hour begins.†Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4700; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.

 

3 – The belief that whatever happens only happens by the will of Allaah – whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of created beings.

 

Allaah says concerning His actions (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and choosesâ€

 

[al-Qasas 28:68]

 

“and Allaah does what He willsâ€

 

[ibraaheem 14:27]

 

“He it is Who shapes you in the wombs as He willsâ€

 

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:6]

 

And He says concerning the actions of created beings (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“Had Allaah willed, indeed He would have given them power over you, and they would have fought youâ€

 

[al-Nisa’ 4:90]

 

“If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done itâ€

 

[al-An’aam 6:112]

 

All events, actions and happenings occur only by the will of Allaah. Whatever Allaah wills happens, and whatever He does not will does not happen.

 

4 – The belief that all things that happen are created by Allaah in their essence, their attributes and their movements.

 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“Allaah is the Creator of all things, and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian) over all thingsâ€

 

[al-Zumar 39:62]

 

“He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurementsâ€

 

[al-Furqaan 25:2]

 

And Allaah tells us that the Prophet of Allaah Ibraaheem (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to his people:

 

“While Allaah has created you and what you makeâ€

 

[al-Saaffaat 38:96 – interpretation of the meaning]

 

If a person believes in all these things then he believes correctly in the divine will and decree (al-qadar).

 

Belief in al-qadar as we have described it above does not contradict the idea that a person has free will with regard to actions in which he has free choice. He can choose whether to or not to do things that he is able to do of acts of worship or sinful actions. Sharee’ah and real life both indicate that people have this will.

 

With regard to sharee’ah, Allaah says concerning man's will (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“That is (without doubt) the True Day. So, whosoever wills, let him seek a place with (or a way to) His Lord (by obeying Him in this worldly life)!â€

 

[al-Naba’ 78:39]

 

“so go to your tilth, when or how you willâ€

 

[al-Baqarah 2:223]

 

And He says concerning man’s ability (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you canâ€

 

[al-Taghaabun 64:16]

 

“Allaah burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earnedâ€

 

[al-Baqarah 2:286]

 

These verses confirm that man has a will and the ability to do what he wants and not to do what he does not want.

 

With regard to real life, everyone knows that he has a will and the ability to do what he wants and not to do what he does not want. And he can distinguish between the things that happen when he wants them to, such as walking, and those that happen without him wanting them to, such as shivering. But the will and ability of man are subject to the will and decree of Allaah, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

 

“To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight.

 

And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allaah wills the Lord of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)â€

 

[al-Takweer 81:28-29]

 

But the entire universe is the dominion of Allaah, and nothing can happen in His dominion without His knowledge and will.

 

And Allaah knows best.

 

See Risaalat Sharh Usool al-Eemaan by Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen.

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PropellerAds
If god is omnipotent then freewill is an illuision.

 

An all knowing all seeing god knows who will do what, when and where, when god creates some1 he all ready knows there fate.

 

Allah's knowledge and wisdom doesn't affect our choices.

 

I dont understand why muslims like to go on about free will when there happy to call themselves slaves, as slaves have a very limited form of freewill.

 

Slaves are often people who are subservient because they have no choice. Muslims are people who have made the choice to be submit to Allah. The other option is to be a slave to one's desires/thoughts and to Satan.

 

So the so called mericfull god deliberately creates ppl he knows are destinded for hell?

 

The choice is in the hands of the people.

 

Salam.

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As humans, we don't have the power to make everything we want happen. What we have control over are our intentions and our choices. Allah controls what happens in the universe. But Allah doesn't control what happens in our minds. He leaves the choice of what we think or feel in our hands.

This response seems similar to the answer I got (you are not allowed to post links yet)"you can't post links until you reach 50 posts_you are not allowed to post links yetgawaher(contact admin if its a beneficial link)/index.php?s=&showtopic=737659&view=findpost&p=1250874"]earlier from Zain Al[/url], namely that freewill is a matter of how we perceive our actions and does not extend to the act itself, which is controlled by God. But perhaps instead of perception, you would say intention. So what you are saying is that we, and not God, are in control of what we will to happen (with the accompanying motives and desires), but God, and not us, is in control of what does happen. Does this sound accurate to you? And while this division marks the limits of what God controls, it does not impact the sovereignty or power of God, for he could control even this, but chooses not to in order to allow his creations the ability to choose which path they will take, either towards him and obedience or away from him and into rebellion. Let me know if I have misunderstood anything in this summary.

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Allah Almighty says, "Every self will taste death. You will be paid your wages in full on the Day of Rising. Anyone who is distanced from the Fire and admitted to the Garden, has triumphed. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of delusion," (3:185)

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Allah Almighty says, "Every self will taste death. You will be paid your wages in full on the Day of Rising. Anyone who is distanced from the Fire and admitted to the Garden, has triumphed. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of delusion," (3:185)

OK. That seems like a reasonable position to hold, although I guess there are exceptions to that. Does Islam believe anyone was taken up without death? I thought Jesus was such an individual. Perhaps he dies at some other time?

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