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Ron Shirt

Democracy And Islam

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i can find it a good chance to talk about Islamic ruling system

 

in fact i don't now exactly what democracy means, but if it means to follow the majority opinion/ or the few whom been selected by the majority opinions, whithout any limitations. then i believe the Islamic Showrah will be more suitable for humanity since it have a patern and limitations prescribed by Allah, to avoide exceeding the limits in any direction, while it gives the society a good flexability and manuvarability by laws based on time/place (within the main pattern).

 

Islamic Ruling System, as i can understand it:

 

Generally, the Omni-potent and all-knowing Allah who created the universe and it's laws, the human and his nature he, almighty, knows what is good and what is bad for human. In fact we can sum all the main goals of Islam as to protect " life", "brain", "honor/multiplication", "belief", and "properties"

 

Constitution:

Allah has set up some basic/general principals, the main goals and methods to optain happiness in this life and the hereafter as well, which will not change with time or place, for example:

human ethics and moralities ( truthful, honest, justice, faithful, sincere, chaste…… ),

human rights, (the right of own and dispose properties, the right to travel, to chose your religion, to marry and to divorce,……)

relation between the ruler and the people (the ruler have to be justified and honest and to apply any role to himself first, the people have to have full obedience and obey the law,….)

relation between a person and another ( co-operation, helping, advising,……. )

 

mostly it will not different than any modern "constitution" or the main routes in a map.

 

Origin/preset examples of laws:

Then Allah specified some land marks, some spot lights some real examples, to be used as a guide marks in our life way, which represent the origin of the "complementary laws of the constitution". And those are considered very small part in now a days issues.

BTW the Islamic Sharea'a means the Islamic view of every aspect of life for individuals/groups/societies. what to say when getting to/out your bed is among the Sharea'a. a common misunderstanding is to limit that word to the Islamic penalties (Alhodood). Among the 100s of the specified crimes by local or international laws, Allah specified the Hodood for only 4-5 among them, which considered the most dangerous and fatal for a society (intentional killing, adultery, robary, launch a charge against chaste women,.. ). While all the other crimes' penalties will be set by the Islamic Showrah system and will be called "Alta'azeer".

 

Showrah Sits up the laws:

Finally, Allah gave the Moslems the right to complete the map with what we think is needed, depends on the time and place, and coherent with the main principles and land marks pre-set by Allah. To achieve this goal, Moslams are obligated to practice the "showrah" which means "consultation, conciliation, discussions,…." which is mostly like Democracy within main fram, Allah exalted those who apply Showrah

042.038 Y: Those who hearken to their Lord, and establish regular Prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for Sustenance;.

 

Even the man and his wife have to have showrah in a relatively small issues, to complete suckling the baby for 2 years or no..

002.233 Y: …. No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear. No mother shall be Treated unfairly on account of her child. Nor father on account of his child, an heir shall be chargeable in the same way. If they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent, and after due consultation, there is no blame on them. If ye decide on a foster-mother for your offspring, there is no blame on you, provided ye pay (the mother) what ye offered, on equitable terms. But fear Allah and know that Allah sees well what ye do.

 

The Moslem ruler/consultants qualities: Allah describe the criteria of those who suppose to be chosen for "showrah" .

 

Not important to be rich but knowledge and fitness:

002.247 Y: Their Prophet said to them: "Allah hath appointed Talut as king over you." They said: "How can he exercise authority over us when we are better fitted than he to exercise authority, and he is not even gifted, with wealth in abundance?" He said: "Allah hath Chosen him above you, and hath gifted him abundantly with knowledge and bodily prowess: Allah Granteth His authority to whom He pleaseth. Allah careth for all, and He knoweth all things."

 

fair:

005.095 Y: O ye who believe! Kill not game while in the sacred precincts or in pilgrim garb. If any of you doth so intentionally, the compensation is an offering, brought to the Ka'ba, of a domestic animal equivalent to the one he killed, as adjudged by two just men among you; or by way of atonement, the feeding of the indigent; or its equivalent in fasts: that he may taste of the penalty of his deed. Allah forgives what is past: for repetition Allah will exact from him the penalty. For Allah is Exalted, and Lord of Retribution.

 

"The one who can reason, relate issues, perceive intelligent يستنبطون "

004.083 Y: When there comes to them some matter touching (Public) safety or fear, they divulge it. If they had only referred it to the Messenger, or to those charged with authority (يستنبطون) among them, the proper investigators would have Tested it from them (direct). Were it not for the Grace and Mercy of Allah unto you, all but a few of you would have fallen into the clutches of Satan.

 

Devoted and Have a good understanding of the message:

016.043 Y: And before thee also the messengers We sent were but men, to whom We granted inspiration: if ye realise this not, ask of those who possess the Message.

 

Prophetic examples:

The Prophet (pbuh) used to consult/discuss issues with his companions, for example he accepted the Showrah opinion of his companion in Badr battle about the positioning place of the Moslem forces. He accepted too, to fight the Qurish Attack outside Al-madeenah, instead defending it, accourding to their consultants.

 

The companions' examples:

After the prophet (pbuh) death, they assembled in "Thaqift Bani Sa'adah" to have showrah to choose the first Khaleefah, Abu-Baker (ra). They did the same to choose the second Khalifah, Omar, among the 6 personalities Abu-Baker recommended to them.

 

New Examples:

Allah didn't forbids smoking cigarettes, while It's considered forbidden "haram" in Islam now a days, according to the general principle "don't hurt yourself and don't hurt others".

Who forbids it? a combination of most intelligent people of different branches of sciences including (medicine, politician, shrea'a,……)

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