Islam has 5 main obligations/pillars of faith, which each Muslim must accomplish in his/her lifetime. They are as follows: 1- Profession of Faith (Shahadah) is the 1st pillar of Islam, 2- Prayers (Salah) is the 2nd pillar, 3- Almsgiving(Zakat) is the 3rd pillar, 4- Fasting in the holy month of Ramadan-ul-Mubarak which is the 4th pillar of Islam and 5- the Pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj) is the 5th pillar.
Dua is said to be the acceptance of the variation between God and the human being existence. It is an ultimate connection between the Creator and HIS believer through which human can pour out all their concerns and ask anything they want with a firm faith. It is the link which satisfies the nature of human beings of being taken care of and dependency that require a constant favor and bestowal from his Lord who is the prime source of everything.
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By happy spirit
1- Knowing other brothers, loving each other for
the sake of Allah and strengthening ties of love; without which, perfect faith
would not have been easy to achieve. This is because, there is no path to faith
and paradise except by loving for the sake of Allah.
2- Freedom from hypocrisy and the hell fire. This is for someone who meets the
initiating Takbeer of every Ṣalāt for forty consecutive days. Anas , reported the Messenger of Allah ﷺ as
saying: “Whosoever observes Ṣalāt for Allah for forty days in congregation,
catching the first Takbeer, has gained two freedoms, both of which are written
for him: freedom from hell and freedom from hypocrisy.” [ Source:
3- Facilitating the reunion of Muslims and bringing their hearts together in
goodness and righteousness.
4- Solidarity among the Muslims and helping one another in issues affecting
5- Demonstrating the religious rites and its strength.
6- Unifying the hearts of the Muslims, as in the same row of Ṣalāt there is
gathered the White, Black, Arabs, non-Arabs, old, young, rich and the poor,
side by side, in a single Masjid, behind one imam, at the same time, towards
the same direction and with the same intention.
7- Infuriating the enemies of Allah. This is because the Muslims will not cease
to be powerful and invulnerable as long as they uphold the observation of
congregational Ṣalāt in the Masjid.
8- Eradication of misdeeds, and rising in ranks. It was reported on the
authority of Abu Hurairah t, who reported that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Should I direct you to that by which Allah
eradicates sins and raises the levels?” They replied: “Yes, Oh Messenger of
Allah.” Then the Prophet said: “Performing ablution when it is disliked, taking
many steps to the Masjids, and waiting for Ṣalāt one after the other. That is
striving in the cause of Allah.” [ Source: Muslim.]
9- Observing Ṣalāt in congregation is better than observing it alone by
twenty-seven degrees. On the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar t,, the Messenger
of Allah ﷺ said: “Congregational
Ṣalāh is better than that observed alone by
twenty-seven degrees.” [ Source: Al-Bukhari.]
- Congregational Prayer (Ṣalāt ) at Home.
It is not advised for any individual or congregation to observe Ṣalāt at home
while a Masjid is close to them. However if the Masjid is far away, and they
did not hear the call to prayer, then there is no sin on them if they observe
it in congregation at home.
By happy spirit
1- Entering the prayer while one is distracted; having their thoughts
elsewhere or being in a state which distracts himself or his imam; like holding
back urine, wind or defecation, being in a state of hunger or thirst, when food
which he wishes to eat is present, or looking at that which distracts him from
2- Useless movements; Meaning doing that which is contrary to being tranquil
and concentrating in Ṣalāh.
Ex: Moving without a need, playing with ones beard, clothing or watch,
cracking ones knuckles, or putting the fingers of one hand in between those of
the other hand,
3- Looking with ones face left or right without a need; with the condition
that the body does not turn away from the Qiblah; otherwise the Ṣalāh would be
4- Putting ones hands on ones hips; since it is the action of the Jews.
5- Covering ones mouth and nose in prayer.
6- Rolling up ones garment, sleeves or the likes.
7- Tying ones hair back, gathering it, or braiding it for men; as this would
resemble a man whose hands are tied up behind his back. This is because
when he prostrates, his hair would not prostrate with him.
8- Spitting in the direction of the Qiblah or to ones right side.
9- Looking up at the sky.
10- Closing one’s eyes, except for a need.
Stretching ones arms flat on the ground when in prostration