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Tafsir Of Dua Mentioned In The Last Ayah Of Surathul Baqara

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The following is what ibn Katheer (Rahimahullah) said regarding the Dua in the last ayah of Surathul Baqarah


"........Allah then said, mentioning what the believers said while direct ing His servants to supplicate

to Him, all the while promising them that He will answer their supplicat ion:

("Our Lord! Push us not if we forget or fall into error, '') meaning, "If we forgot an obligat ion or

fell into a prohibit ion, or made an error while ignorant of its ruling. '' We ment ioned the Hadith

by Abu Hurayrah, that Muslim collected, wherein Al lah said, "I shall (accept your supplicat ion). ''

There is also the Hadith by Ibn ` Abbas that Allah said, "I did (accept your supplicat ion). ''

(Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and

Christ ians), ) means, "Even if we were able to perform them, do not require us to perform the

dif f icult deeds as You required the previous nat ions before us, such as the burdens that were

placed on them. You sent Your Prophet Muhammad , the Prophet of mercy, to abrogate these

burdens through the Law that You revealed to him, the Hanif i (Islamic Monotheism), easy

religion. '' Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said that Allah

said, "I shall (accept your supplicat ion). '' Ibn ` Abbas narrated that the Messenger of Allah said

that Allah said, "I did (accept your supplicat ion). '' There is the Hadith recorded through various

chains of narrat ion that the Messenger of Allah said,

(I was sent with the easy Hanif iyyah way. )

(Our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear) of obligations,

hardships and af f lict ions, do not make us bear what we cannot bear of this.

(Our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have st rength to bear. )

We ment ioned that Allah said, "I shall (accept your supplicat ion)'' in one narrat ion, and, "I did

(accept your supplicat ion), '' in another narrat ion.

(Pardon us) meaning, between us and You regarding what You know of our shortcomings and


(And grant us forgiveness) concerning what is between us and Your servants. So do not expose

our errors and evil deeds to them.


(Have mercy on us) in what will come thereaf ter. Therefore, do not allow us to fall into

another error. They say that those who commit error need three things: Allah's forgiveness for

what is between Him and them, that He conceals these errors f rom His other servants, and thus

does not expose them before the servants, and that He grants them immunity f rom further

error. '' We ment ioned before that Allah answered these pleas, "I shall, '' in one narrat ion and, "I

did, '' in another narrat ion.

(You are our Mawla) meaning, You are our supporter and helper, our t rust is in You, You are

sought for each and every type of help and our total reliance is on You. There is no power or

st rength except f rom You.

(And give us victory over the disbelieving people) those who rej ected Your religion, denied

Your Oneness, refused the Message of Your Prophet , worshipped other than You and associated

others in Your worship. Give us victory and make us prevail above them in this and the

Hereaf ter. Allah said, "I shall, '' in one narrat ion, and, "I did, '' in the Hadith that Muslim

collected f rom Ibn ` Abbas.

Further, Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Ishaq said that whenever Mu` adh would f inish recit ing this


(And give us victory over the disbelieving people), he would say "Amin.'' .................... "

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