Saalih Ibn Humaid
O People, fear Allah as regards to your selves and to your families. Fear him concerning your deeds and to your wealth. Fear him with regards to what you eat and to what you save.
Allah says which translates as: "O Mankind eat from whatever is on earth that is lawful and good, and do not follow the footsteps of Satan indeed he is to you a clear enemy" (Al-Baqarah: 168).
Servants of Allah, earning provisions and seeking sustenance, is something that is commanded to be done by Islamic law - Shariah. It is something that is dictated by nature.
Allah has made the day for seeking livelihood and He has made for people by day prolonged occupation. He Subhanahu Wa Taala commanded them to walk among the slopes of the earth and eat of His provisions. He, Subhanahu Wa Taala connected in The Qur’an, the Mujahideen who fight for his cause, and others who travel through the land seeking His bounties. He says which translates as: "He has known that there will be among you those who are ill, and others traveling through the land seeking the bounties of Allah and other fighting for the course of Allah. So recite what is easy from it, meaning the Quran" (Al-Muzzammil: 20). The Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said in the book of Al Imam Bukhari: "Never has anyone eating a better food that what he has procured through his manual work".
Dawood (Alaihi Sallam), the messenger of Allah, ate only from the earnings from his manual work. Some of the Salaf said: "Some of the sins are not expiated but through seeking lawful provisions".
From the narrations reported about Issa (Alaihi Salatu Wa Sallam), that he saw a man and said: "What do you do?" He said: "I am worshiping,” He said: "Who is providing for you?” he said: "My brother" he said: "Where is your brother?” he said: "In the field" He said: "Your brother is more of a worshiper to Allah than you".
In Islam, worship is not only by standing on you feet – meaning standing the for prayer, while someone else goes to seek your provisions. Rather you go seek the lawful earning and also worship.
Being independent of people dear brothers, by earning lawful provisions is a great honor and strength, so much so that the Khalifa Umar Ibnul Khatab (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said: "I would not prefer to die in a position better that a position where I am buying for my family or trading".
From the words of wisdom from Luqman, he said to his son: "O Son avoid poverty by lawful earnings. For no one becomes poor but will adopt three characteristics
1. Softness in his religion.
2. Weakness in his mind.
3. His manhood and sense of honor will be lost".
Lawful earnings and sound wealth, safe guards the religion, protects one’s honor, beautifies one’s face, and results in a strong position.
It is obvious from all this that seeking lawful provisions is desirable. For Allah is Tayyib , which implies goodness and kindness. He does not accept but what is good and lawful. Allah Subhanahu Wa Taala commanded the believers as He commanded the messengers, when He says which translates as: "O Messengers eat from the good foods and work righteousness. Indeed I am knowing of what you do" ( Al-Mu’minun: 51 ). Allah also says which translates as: "O You who have believed, eat from the good things which we have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah if it is indeed him that you worship" ( Al-Baqarah: 172 ).
The greatest fruits of faith is the goodness of the heart, honesty, purity of the hand, and the soundness of the tongue. Good words are for good men and good men are objects of good words.
The most eminent objectives of the messenger Muhammad ( Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ) is to make good - lawful and to make evil - prohibited, and on the Day of Resurrection the good consequences will be for good people.
Allah Subhanahu Wa Taala says which translates as: "The ones whom the angels take in death being good and pure, the angels will say: " Peace be upon you, enter paradise for what you use to do" ( An-Nahl: 32 ).
In the book of Imam Tirmidhi, the Prophet ( Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ) said: "Whoever eats from good, and acts according to Sunnah and people felt safe from his evil, will enter paradise".
Also in the book of Imam Ahmad, Abdullah Ibnu Amri (Radhiyallahu Anhuma ) said that the Prophet ( Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ) said: "Four things if you have them, then do not be concerned about what you miss out in this life. Preserving the trust, saying the truth, well manners, and chastity and purity in what you eat".
Seeking lawful provisions and searching for it, is an obligation and a must for no slave's feet will be moved on the Day of Resurrection until he is asked about his wealth. How he earned it? How he spent it? It is incumbent upon every Muslim male and female to look and search for lawful provisions and chaste and pure work, to eat of the lawful and spend on the lawful.
A good example is Abubakar ( Radhiyallahu Anhu ) who had a slave who brought him some food, which he ate. After which the slave asked him if he knew from where he had gotten the food. Abubakar asked: from where did you get it? He replied: "I acted as a sooth-sayer for a man in the pre-Islamic period, and not being good at it I deceived him. Today he met me and rewarded me for that soothsaying. From this you have eaten. Therefore, Abubakar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) put his hand in his mouth and vomited up all that he ate .
In another narration he said: "If it would not have come out except with my soul, meaning except with my death, I would have still forced it out. O Allah I ask you to excuse me for what my veins has carried from this and what has mixed in my stomach". ( Bukhari ).
In addition, Umar ( Radhiyallahu Anhu) drank some milk, which he liked. He asked the one who gave him the milk: "Where did you get this?" He said: " I passed by the camels of Zakaah while they was drinking water so I took from its milk". Umar put his hand in his mouth and vomited it up".
Moerover a righteous woman advising her husband saying: "O husband fear Allah, and the provisions you bring us, for we can persevere through hunger but we can not stand and persevere through the punishment of hell fire". These are the righteous ones. They bring out whatever is unlawful or questionable our of their stomachs, though it was something they had taken unknowingly from food or drink.
However, generations came after them, earning unlawful provisions, filling their stomachs and the stomachs of their families with it.
O Muslims, do you know of the man whom the Prophet ( Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ) mentioned in a Hadith found in Sahih Al Bukhari : "He travels for long periods, his hair tousled, his feet dusty, raising his hands in supplications to the heavens saying, My Lord, My Lord, but he eats from unlawful earnings, he dresses from unlawful earnings, and he lives by unlawful earnings. He will never be answered" . This man has symptoms of humility, and poverty and his situation invokes pity, compassion, and the desire to help him in his need. He has lost his way, his journey is long, and he feels like a stranger, he has lost everything. He has lost connection with his Lord and has deprived himself of the support of his Lord. So his duas (supplications) are not accepted. He ate from the unlawful, dressed from the unlawful and his lived on unlawful earnings, so his ‘hands’ (meaning his dua [supplication]), were rejected.
I ask you by the Lord, what is left of the slave of Allah if he loses his connection with his Lord, his dua (supplication) is rejected and he is denied The Mercy of Allah. Some of the Salaf said: " If you stand up in worship like a pole, meaning for a long time without giving up. It will not benefit you, until you watch for what goes in your stomach".
What is amazing O brothers, is the acts of some people who avoid lawful provisions in fear of getting sick, but they do not have enough fear of Allah to avoid unlawful earning.
Servants of Allah, eating from unlawful means blinds the insight, weakens the religion, hardens the heart, darkens the mind, prevents the body from worship, entraps one in this life and prevents one’s dua (supplication) from being accepted. Allah does not accept, except from the righteous.
Unlawful earnings and provisions have bad effects on the individual and the community. It removes blessings and causes the spread of diseases, disasters, financial crisis, unemployment, oppression, and disputes.
O Muslims, Woe to the ones who eats from unlawful provisions, raises their children and family by means of unlawful earnings. Their example is like the example of one who is drinking out of the seawater. The more they drink the thirstier they become. They drink as the drinking of a thirsty camel. They are not content with little provisions, nor do a lot of provisions satisfy them.
They enjoy unlawful provisions and they use twisted means - usury, gambling, stealing forcefully taking, and they give insufficient measures and weights. They conceal deficiency in items. They use magic, fortune telling, they usurp the property of orphans and minors, they lie when they swear, they deceive, they plan, they forge, they betray, - all twisted - dark ways.
In the Hadith found in the books of Al Imam Bukhari and An Nasa’i , he ( Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: "A time will come on people, when a man will not worry where his earning come from, lawful or unlawful" , and in another narration he added: "Such is one whose duas (supplications) and are not accepted" .
O Workers and officers, businessmen, consultants, brokers, Muslim men and Muslim women, it is a duty upon you to seek what is lawful and stay away for the doubtful. Preserve the rights of people. Finish your jobs completely. Fulfil your pledges and your contracts. Refrain from cheating, and lying and delaying and fear Allah.
Lawful provisions are satisfying, brings ease, enlightens the heart, energizes the limbs and the body, rectifies and reforms the situation of the person, makes the body healthy, and Allah accepts the duas (supplications) of such a person.
Muslim brothers, the best ways is to refrain from unlawful and illegal things is to stay away from doubtful things, and to persevere through devout, pious ways and means, when hesitant.
In the Hadith found in the books of Al Imam Tirmidhi, Ibn Maja , Baiyhaqi and others, the Prophet ( Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ) said: "The servant will not be among the pious until he gives up and leaves things that are objectionable for things that are not objectionable and harmful".
In Bukhari and Muslim, the Prophet ( Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam ) said: "So he who guards against doubtful things, keeps his religion and his honor blameless, but he who falls into doubtful things, falls into that which is unlawful" . Narrated by AnNu’aman Ibnu Bashir .
Al Hassan Basri ( Rahimallah ) said: "The righteous people continues to practice piety and righteousness until they give up many of the lawful things out of fear from committing the unlawful" .
Abu Dardah ( Radhiyallahu Anhu ), said: "Perfection of piety is when the servant fears Allah even in something as small as an ants weight. Until he leaves and gives up some of what he sees as lawful out of fear that it might be unlawful. To put a barrier between lawful and unlawful things. Know that is Allah is merciful upon you and that doubtful things always makes the heart worried, unstable, concerned and in doubt. The pious and the devout people are the people who refrain from doubtful matters and partakes only of the matters that are sure and free from doubt".
So fear Allah, May Allah be merciful to you and I. Fear Allah in yourselves and with your families and guard yourselves from the fire; the fuel of which is people and stones and has angels harsh and severe, they do not disobey Allah in what he commands them, but do what they are commanded to do.
1) The importance of earning lawfully, its obligation and virtues.
2) The connection between pure earnings and the heart and belief.
3) Warning against ill gotten earnings and its effect on the community.
4) The importance of piety and abstaining from what is doubtful, and the situation of the Salaf in this regard.
Those Busy With Remembrance
Saalih Ibn Humaid
Fear Allah – O Servants of Allah, and give the greatest importance to His Commands and avoid that which He has prohibited.
O Muslims, Allah The Most High says which translates as: “So when you have finished the rites of Hajj then remember Allah as you remember your forefathers yet even more in remembrance. But of mankind there are those who say O our Lord give us in this life and yet in the next life they will have nothing. And from them are those that say O Our Lord give us in this life good and in the next good and save us from the punishment of the hellfire. For them there will be an allotted share for what they have earned, and Allah is swift at reckoning” (Al-Baqarah: 200-202).
Every nation has something that makes them proud. Their pride stemming from their limited ideologies and achievements. They have no great message or high aspirations. They follow neither a great earthly message nor a message from the heavens.
The nation of the Arabs was from this type, gathering after the Hajj in the marketplaces and social groups, to boast of their ancestors, and to claim greatness for themselves through their lineage.
Islam came and annulled theses ideas, enlightened the intellect, and it brought them forth in a new manner. It took its followers upon a path of might which cannot be competed with, and directed them to unequaled majesty. It brought to them the Book, and revelation was revealed to them, so there was then for them a remembrance, Allah says which translates as: “We have revealed to you a book, in it is your remembrance, Won’t you then think?” (Al-Anbiya: 10). “And verily it is a reminder/ remembrance for you and your people, and you will be questioned concerning it” (Az-Zukhruf: 44). In this remembrance and this book they were give the scale: “O Mankind We have created you from a male and female and made you into many tribes and nations so as to know one another, verily the best of you with Allah is the most pious of you, Surely Allah is All-Knowledgeable All-Informed” (Al-Hujarat: 13). The measure of true dignity, honor and pride is remembrance, piety and one’s connection with Allah, - his occupying himself with remembrance, gratitude and righteous actions.
If this is the situation, then who has the biggest claim to remembrance and gratitude than the people of Islam? Those whom Allah has perfected for them his favor and completed for them his Deen, and placed it as a guardian and a seal over all of the religions. Allah says which translates as: “Remember Me, and I will remember you, give thanks to Me and do not be ungrateful” (Al-Baqarah: 152).
Our duty, we the people of Islam, is that we ponder the concept of remembrance, so that its meaning becomes clear to us, and that we may perhaps fulfill its right. Allah says which translates as: “So when you have finished the rites of Hajj than remember Allah” (Al-Baqarah: 200).
Remembrance, O beloved brothers is encompassing, it cannot be constrained to certain areas, or placed in general precepts of statements and actions, ideas and beliefs. Remembrance is not an hour of calling out to your Lord; limited to the morning or the evening, in the Masjid or in a Mihrab (niche), and after which, the servant travels about in all places of the earth heedlessly, doing as he wishes and acting as he pleases. The one alive with the remembrance of his Lord, who is truly practicing his Deen, realizes that his Lord is watching him in every situation, wherever he may be. His path of actions and activities being in accordance with the commands of his Lord and his prohibitions, he acknowledges his human weakness, and therefore seeks the assistance of his Lord in everything that befalls and worries him.
Concerning this, Saeed bin Jubair (may Allah have mercy upon him) said: “Everyone who performs an action out of the obedience to Allah then he is one who remembers Allah the Most High”.
Ataa’ said: “The sittings of Remembrance are: Prayer, Fasting, Hajj, the sittings of the lawful and the prohibited, buying, selling, marriage, and divorce”.
The Muslim who remembers Allah, - awakes and sleeps, sits and stands, leaves in the morning and returns in the evening, and in him there is a deep feeling that the beating of his heart, and the rotation of his eyes and the movement of his limbs, - all are in the grasp of Allah and under his control. In him there is a deep feeling of faith, that the coming of the night and the approach of the day, the breath of dawn and the setting of the twilight, the movements of creation and the orbits of the planets … all of that is by the power of Allah and through his decree. Allah says which translates as: “Those that remember their lord standing sitting and upon their sides, and ponder the creation of the heavens and the earth with the thought: Oh our lord not for and foolish purpose did you create all of this, Glory to you, grant us salvation from the punishment of the fire” (Aal-‘Imran: 191).
A man feels no true pleasure in life, nor tastes any true happiness except a man who loves Allah, is loved by Allah, and loves for the sake of Allah. Such a man’s heart is tranquil due to his remembrance of Allah. He is happy about the good, which occurs to the creation and feels their pains. He helps others in fulfilling their goals, while his tongue remembers Allah saying: “O Allah, never has a blessing come to me or anyone from your creation except that it is from you alone, You have no partners, You alone deserve all praise and gratitude” (Al Nisa’i, Ibn Hibban, Abu Dawood).
O Muslim brothers, the angels of The Most Merciful glorify Him and yet feel no fatigue doing so, but man eats and sleeps, works and gets tired, but even with this; they are still in ‘competition’ with the angels. When they stand to perform their acts of worship and seek their sustenance, when they are planting and harvesting, toiling and struggling, in the name of Allah and from Allah and to Allah. The time mankind spends in these acts are equal to the time spent by the angels glorifying, praising and declaring the majesty of Allah. Why is this? Because they believed in their Lord and followed His Way, and realized His power and pondered over His Blessings, and recognized His Blessings of food, clothing, and housing, - the blessing of safety and security.
Those who remember Allah sincerely live for their Lord, praying, praising Him, struggling in His Cause, and acting for His Sake.
They have distanced themselves from the deceptions of this temporary life, and the attractions of this earth, and they have traveled on the path towards the pleasure of Allah, seeking His Face, remembering His Name at all times and in all situations. Allah says which translates as: “Say: verily my prayer and my sacrifice, my life and my death are for Allah the Lord of the worlds. He has no partner, and with this I have been ordered and I am the first of the Muslims” (Al-An’am: 162-163).
The situation comes to a point where their Lord boasts of them in front of his angels. Muslim narrates in his Sahih from the Hadith of Muaawiyah (may Allah be pleased with him) he said: that the messenger of Allah (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) came out upon a circle of his companions and said: “What made you all sit here? They said: We sat to remember Allah and to praise him for his guiding us to Islam and the favor he showed upon us through that. He (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said: I ask you in the name of Allah, nothing made you sit here except that? They said: Nothing except that. He (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) then said: As far as my questioning you and asking you in the name of Allah, then I did not do that out of contempt of you, But Jibreel had come to me and informed me that Allah the glorious and majestic boasts of you to the angels”.
As you know, O Brothers – this boasting of Allah to his angels about the pilgrims on the plain of Arafat, does not happen except by way of the remembrance, supplication and worship of the slaves to their Lord, and their good way of turning to Allah - the Lord of the Worlds.
The Muslim who remembers Allah, possessing a pure heart, submitting to Allah, and on the other hand he nobly toils, his feet dusty, and his hands straining in the arena of work, with no impatience nor weakness, with no humiliation nor pride, humbly working for Allah, and saying: “O Allah I seek refuge in you from incapacity, laziness, cowardice, decrepit old age, and stinginess. I seek refuge with you from the punishment of the grave and the trials of life and death”, and in the narration of Al-Bukhari “and the burden of debt, and the coercion of men” (as narrated by Anas and reported by Muslim).
O Brothers, here is a practical glimpse of the day of a Muslim who remembers his Lord, - a Muslim who follows the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam).
The Islamic day starts from the faint light of dawn, or a little before that, and it stretches the day’s length, turning through the late morning and afternoon, through the night and early morning, the Muslim awakes with the rise of dawn, starting his day with this supplication: “All praise to the one who gave my body health, and return to me my soul, and permitted me to remember him” (Reported by Tirmidhi as narrated by Abu Hurairah). “We have awaken upon the fitrah of Islam and the statement of sincerity and upon the Deen of Our Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and upon the way of our father Abraham turning to the oneness of Allah as a Muslim and he was not from those that commit shirk” (Ahmad, Tabarani).
During this, O Brothers – the veil of silence is torn, split by the beautiful sound of clear words and of pristine meanings and objectives, - the sound of the Mu’adhdhin calling to The Oneness of Allah and to success, in statements - all of which are remembrance, being repeated after him by the Muslims.
The Islamic day starts with footsteps of tranquility and peace, to the Masjid in the dark of the morning, so that the Muslim may stand devoted and fearful in front of his Lord five times a day; Allah says which translates as: “and establish the prayer for my remembrance” (Taa Haa: 14). “And establish the prayer verily Prayer prevents lewdness and evil and the remembrance of Allah is greater” (Al-Ankabut: 45).
This fearful Muslim says when leaving his home for the prayer: “O Allah place in my heart light, and in my sight light and in my hearing light and on my right side light and on my left light and over me light, and below me light and in front of me light and behind me light, and make this light great for me” (Bukhari, Muslim).
When his feet come closer to the Masjid then he calls out with another remembrance, for the messenger of Allah (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) has said: “when one of you enters the Masjid then he should send blessing upon the prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam), then say: O Allah open for me the gates of your mercy. In addition, when he leaves he should say: O Allah I ask you from your blessings” (Muslim, Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah). On the authority of Haywah Ibn Shuraih who said: I met Uqbah Ibn Muslim and I said to him: I have heard that you have narrated a Hadith from Abdullah Ibn Amru Ibn Al-Aas from the Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) that when he would enter the Masjid he would say: “I seek refuge with Allah the Great, and with His Glorious Face, and His Eternal Authority, from the accursed Satan. He said: Is that all? I said yes. He said: So when you say that Satan says: He has been protected from me for the rest of the day” (Abu Dawood).
Brother Muslim, when you ponder all of this, you will realize the secret connection between neglecting prayers and following one’s desires.
O Muslims, this long Islamic day is mixed with supplications for eating and drinking, traveling and returning, sleeping and wakefulness, tiresome and difficult times, health and sickness, supplications for this life and its worries, debts and its payments, seeking ones sustenance, relationship with one’s family, and the righteousness of children.
Supplications, statements of praise, together with utilizing the proper means and legislated efforts in this life, so that the Muslim can fulfill the duty of leadership as he should; Faith and practice, belief and method in apprehensive beginnings. Allah says which translates as: “Our Lord give us in this life good and in the next life good and save us from the punishment of the fire” (Al-Baqarah: 201).
I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan: Allah says which translates as: “Those who believe and their hearts are tranquil from the remembrance of Allah, Is it not through the remembrance of Allah that the hearts feel tranquility? Those that believed and did good deeds, paradise is for them and the best of Abodes” (Ar-Ra’d: 28-29).
O Brothers in Islam, those who were ignorant of their Lord, and forgot the remembrance, became nothing but a destroyed people, acted with no guidance, and tumbled through this life being driven by desires, they plotted great plots and did not hope for a reward from Allah, What fruits have they picked? What have they gained? Look to those who have struggled from the mentally elite of the east and the geniuses of the west. They have extracted everything from the earth inwardly and outwardly, they have learned from the science of space whatever they have learned, but their efforts were directed to nothing but weapons of mass destruction, creating fear and terror in the future. The nations of the earth run behind them, seeking that which will just suffice then in this miserable life, this is the misfortune of being heedless of Allah, this is the consequence of those forgetting the remembrance of Allah, even if they were the most intelligent of people, and no matter how civilized and technologically advanced they are, as Allah says which translates as: “And he who rejects my remembrance then he will have a constricted life, and we will resurrect him on the day of Judgment blind” (Ta Ha: 124).
What will be the situation, O Brothers, if all of these tiresome efforts and intensive struggles to achieve more provisions in our lives and secure for ourselves livelihood, were accompanied by etiquette with Allah, and a pure objective in seeking after his pleasure, and was accompanied with loving and desiring good for people? If this was to be, then that person would achieve the pleasure of this world and the success of the hereafter, and in the Hadith: Whoever had this life as his sole concern then Allah will disperse his affairs and place poverty right before his eyes, and nothing would come to him except that which is written for him, and whoever had the next life has his intention, Allah will gather for him his affairs, and place richness in his heart, and this life will come to him, falling upon (Ibn Majah, Tirmithi, Ibn Hibban).
So fear Allah – may he have mercy upon you - and fulfill the right of Allah and his remembrance.
1) The true measure of dignity and honor between nations.
2) The concept of remembrance and its comprehensive meaning.
3) The status of those who remember Allah and their virtues, and the reasons behind Allah’s boasting to His angels about the people of Arafat.
4) How a Muslim spends his day.
5) The hidden connection between neglecting prayers and following one’s desires.
6) The consequence for being heedless of Allah and His remembrance
The Prophet's Final Sermon
After praising and lauding Allah as was appropriate, the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said, the meaning of which is:
"[O people, listen attentively to me for I do not know if I will ever meet you again after this year, in this place.]"(1) [A man, tall like the people of Shanu'ah, stood and asked, 'So what should we do?' He replied, "Worship your Lord, pray your five daily prayers, fast the month (of Ramadan), perform Hajj to the House, give your zakat without any reluctance, [obey those placed in charge over you],(2) and you shall enter the Paradise of your Lord."](3)
"O people, all blood debts of the jahiliyyah are made null and void; the first blood debt so rendered is that of ibn Rabi`ah ibn al-Harith - who was suckled among the Banu Layth and killed by Hudhayl.
"All usury of the jahiliyyah is abolished and the first such usury that I shall abolish is that of al-`Abbas ibn `Abdu'l-Muttalib. [Your capital is your own; "do not do wrong and you will not be wronged."(4)](5)
"O people, time has revolved as is its fashion since the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. The number of the months with Allah is twelve, of which four are sacred, these are Rajab of (Banu) Mudar that is between Jumada and Sha'ban, [and three which are consecutive:](6) Dhu'l-Qa`dah, Dhu'l-Hijjah and al-Muharram. "That is the true and upright religion; do not wrong yourselves in them."(7) "Intercalation therein is an increase in disbelief; by it those who disbelieve are led astray. One year they make it profane and another year they make it sacred in order to tally (ostensibly) with the number that Allah made sacred."(8) One year they would make Safar profane and another they would make Muharram sacred. One year they would make Safar sacred and another they would make Muharram profane. This is intercalation (nasi`) [and it is from Shaytan].(9)
"O people, those having deposits should award them to those who entrusted them with them.
"[Woe to you! Be careful!](10) [You will meet your Lord and He will ask you about your deeds so](11) [do not revert to becoming unbelievers after me, striking the necks of one another. Shaytan has despaired that those who pray will worship Him, but not so in sowing dissension amongst you].(12)
"O people, Shaytan has despaired of being worshipped in your land till the end of time. Yet he may be pleased with you by your doing acts that you think insignificant. Beware of (harming) your religion through such acts [for he shall be obeyed in these and shall be pleased].(13) [Therefore beware of him (lest he harm) your religion].(14)
"O people, [fear Allah with regards women and](15) [treat them well for they](16) are as captives with you.(17) You took them as a trust from Allah and you are permitted access to their sexual organs by Allah's word. You have rights over them and they have rights over you. One of the rights you have over them is that they not allow others besides yourselves to set foot on your furnishings [and that they do not give permission to anyone you dislike entering your homes].(18) And they should not disobey you in that which is good. If they so obey, then you have no right to (chastise them). They are due their food and their clothing in kindness. [if you fear those of them who are fractious, then admonish them and refuse to sleep with them in bed,(19) and](20) if you strike (them), then do so without viciousness.
"[Listen well to me and live! Do not do wrong! Do not do wrong! Do not do wrong!](21) [The (requital) of a transgression should not be meted to any save the transgressor. The father should not transgress against his son and the son should not transgress against his father.](22) [Know that every Muslim is a brother to another Muslim and that the Muslims are brothers, therefore](23) no man should have access to his brother's wealth, unless with his goodwill.
"O people, I have left among you that with which, if you adopt it, you will not go astray, the Book of Allah [and the Sunnah of his Prophet];(24) live by it.
"[O people, of a surety, your Lord is one and your father is one. Of a surety, the Arab is not superior to a non-Arab, neither a non-Arab to an Arab, neither a red-skinned person to a black-skinned person and neither a black-skinned person to a red-skinned person, except through taqwa].(25)
"O people, what day is this?" They replied, 'A sacrosanct day.' He asked, "What land is this?" They replied, 'A sacrosanct land.' He asked, "What month is this?" They replied, 'A sacrosanct month.' He said, "Allah has made your blood, your possessions and your honour sacrosanct, just as this day in this land and this month are sacrosanct [until you meet your Lord]."(26) [And he repeated this over and over].(27)
"Let those of you who are present inform those who are absent, [for perhaps the absent would retain more than some of those present].(28) There will be no prophet after me and no nation after you." [Then he raised his head and said],(29) ["Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)?](30)" [They said, 'Yes!'](31) He then raised his hands and said [three times],(32) "O Allah! Bear witness [that I have conveyed (the message)!](33)"(34)
(1) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999
(2) Ibn Hibban #4563
(3) Ahmad #22260. cf. Ahmad 22161-22258
(4) al-Baqarah 2:279
(5) Ahmad #20695, `Abd ibn Humayd #856
(6) Bukhari #4406-5550-7447, Muslim #1679
(7) al-Tawbah 9:36
(8) al-Tawbah 9:37
(9) `Abd ibn Humayd #856
(10) Bukhari #4403
(11) Ahmad #20386, Bukhari #4406-5550-7447, Muslim #1679
(12) Ahmad #20695. cf. Ahmad #14366 and Muslim #2812
(13) Tirmidhi #2159
(14) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999
(15) Ahmad #20695
(16) Tirmidhi #1163-3087
(17) i.e. bound by the contract and rules of marriage, and the duties of being a wife.
(18) Ahmad #20695, Tirmidhi #1163-3087
(19) cf. al-Nisa' 4:34
(20) Ahmad #20695
(21) Ahmad #20695
(22) Tirmidhi #2159-3087
(23) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999. cf. Tirmidhi #3087
(24) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999
(25) Ahmad #23489. cf. Ahmad #8736-17313-21407
(26) Muslim #1679
(27) Bukhari #1739
(28) Bukhari #4406-5550-7447, Muslim #1679. cf. Bukhari #7078
(29) Bukhari #1739
(30) Ahmad #20695
(31) Ahmad #20407, Bukhari #4403-7087, Muslim #1679
(32) Bukhari #4403, `Abd ibn Humayd #856
(33) `Abd ibn Humayd #856
(34) The source narration is that of Bazzar #1141 (Kashfu'l-Astar) as quoted in ibn Kathir, al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah, vol. 7, pp. 652-653. It is also found in `Abd ibn Humayd #856.
The translation of the source hadith was taken from Trevor Le Gassick's translation to ibn Kathir, Life of the Prophet Muhammad, vol. 4, pp. 291-292 and modified where necessary.
Although the chains of narration are weak, the hadith is authentic due to supporting witnesses.
Sections of the hadith are found scattered amongst various books of hadith such as:
-Bukhari #67-105-1741-3197-4407-4662-5550-7078-7447, 1742-4403-6043-6166-6785-6868-7077, 1739-7079
-Abu Dawud #1947-1948
and many more.