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Lawful Earnings

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LAWFUL EARNINGS

BY

 

Saalih Ibn Humaid

 

First Khutbah:

 

 

O People, fear Allah as regards to your selves and to your families. Fear him concerning your deeds and to your wealth. Fear him with regards to what you eat and to what you save.

 

Allah says which translates as: "O Mankind eat from whatever is on earth that is lawful and good, and do not follow the footsteps of Satan indeed he is to you a clear enemy" (Al-Baqarah: 168).

 

Servants of Allah, earning provisions and seeking sustenance, is something that is commanded to be done by Islamic law - Shariah. It is something that is dictated by nature.

 

Allah has made the day for seeking livelihood and He has made for people by day prolonged occupation. He Subhanahu Wa Taala commanded them to walk among the slopes of the earth and eat of His provisions. He, Subhanahu Wa Taala connected in The Qur’an, the Mujahideen who fight for his cause, and others who travel through the land seeking His bounties. He says which translates as: "He has known that there will be among you those who are ill, and others traveling through the land seeking the bounties of Allah and other fighting for the course of Allah. So recite what is easy from it, meaning the Quran" (Al-Muzzammil: 20). The Prophet (Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said in the book of Al Imam Bukhari: "Never has anyone eating a better food that what he has procured through his manual work".

 

Dawood (Alaihi Sallam), the messenger of Allah, ate only from the earnings from his manual work. Some of the Salaf said: "Some of the sins are not expiated but through seeking lawful provisions".

 

From the narrations reported about Issa (Alaihi Salatu Wa Sallam), that he saw a man and said: "What do you do?" He said: "I am worshiping,” He said: "Who is providing for you?” he said: "My brother" he said: "Where is your brother?” he said: "In the field" He said: "Your brother is more of a worshiper to Allah than you".

 

In Islam, worship is not only by standing on you feet – meaning standing the for prayer, while someone else goes to seek your provisions. Rather you go seek the lawful earning and also worship.

 

Being independent of people dear brothers, by earning lawful provisions is a great honor and strength, so much so that the Khalifa Umar Ibnul Khatab (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said: "I would not prefer to die in a position better that a position where I am buying for my family or trading".

 

From the words of wisdom from Luqman, he said to his son: "O Son avoid poverty by lawful earnings. For no one becomes poor but will adopt three characteristics

 

 

 

1.
Softness in his religion.

2.
Weakness in his mind.

3.
His manhood and sense of honor will be lost".

 

Lawful earnings and sound wealth, safe guards the religion, protects one’s honor, beautifies one’s face, and results in a strong position.

 

It is obvious from all this that seeking lawful provisions is desirable. For Allah is
Tayyib
, which implies goodness and kindness. He does not accept but what is good and lawful. Allah
Subhanahu Wa Taala
commanded the believers as He commanded the messengers, when He says which translates as:
"O Messengers eat from the good foods and work righteousness. Indeed I am knowing of what you do"
(
Al-Mu’minun: 51
).
Allah also says which translates as:
"O You who have believed, eat from the good things which we have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah if it is indeed him that you worship"
(
Al-Baqarah: 172
).

 

The greatest fruits of faith is the goodness of the heart, honesty, purity of the hand, and the soundness of the tongue. Good words are for good men and good men are objects of good words.

 

The most eminent objectives of the messenger Muhammad (
Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam
) is to make good - lawful and to make evil - prohibited, and on the Day of Resurrection the good consequences will be for good people.

 

Allah
Subhanahu Wa Taala
says which translates as:
"The ones whom the angels take in death being good and pure, the angels will say: " Peace be upon you, enter paradise for what you use to do"
(
An-Nahl: 32
).

 

In the book of
Imam Tirmidhi,
the Prophet (
Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam
) said:
"Whoever eats from good, and acts according to Sunnah and people felt safe from his evil, will enter paradise".

 

Also in the book
of Imam Ahmad,
Abdullah Ibnu Amri (Radhiyallahu Anhuma
) said that the Prophet (
Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam
) said:
"Four things if you have them, then do not be concerned about what you miss out in this life. Preserving the trust, saying the truth, well manners, and chastity and purity in what you eat".

 

Seeking lawful provisions and searching for it, is an obligation and a must for no slave's feet will be moved on the Day of Resurrection until he is asked about his wealth. How he earned it? How he spent it? It is incumbent upon every Muslim male and female to look and search for lawful provisions and chaste and pure work, to eat of the lawful and spend on the lawful.

 

A good example is
Abubakar
(
Radhiyallahu Anhu
)
who had a slave who brought him some food, which he ate. After which the slave asked him if he knew from where he had gotten the food. Abubakar asked: from where did you get it? He replied: "I acted as a sooth-sayer for a man in the pre-Islamic period, and not being good at it I deceived him. Today he met me and rewarded me for that soothsaying. From this you have eaten. Therefore, Abubakar (Radhiyallahu Anhu) put his hand in his mouth
and vomited up all that he ate
.

 

In another narration he said:
"If it would not have come out except with my soul, meaning except with my death, I would have still forced it out. O Allah I ask you to excuse me for what my veins has carried from this and what has mixed in my stomach".
(
Bukhari
).

 

In addition,
Umar
(
Radhiyallahu Anhu) drank some milk, which he liked. He asked the one who gave him the milk: "Where did you get this?" He said: " I passed by the camels of Zakaah while they was drinking water so I took from its milk". Umar put his hand in his mouth and vomited it up".

 

Moerover a righteous woman advising her husband saying: "O husband fear Allah, and the provisions you bring us, for we can persevere through hunger but we can not stand and persevere through the punishment of hell fire". These are the righteous ones. They bring out whatever is unlawful or questionable our of their stomachs, though it was something they had taken unknowingly from food or drink.

 

However, generations came after them, earning unlawful provisions, filling their stomachs and the stomachs of their families with it.

 

O Muslims, do you know of the man whom the Prophet (
Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam
) mentioned in a
Hadith
found in
Sahih Al Bukhari
:
"He travels for long periods, his hair tousled, his feet dusty, raising his hands in supplications to the heavens saying, My Lord, My Lord, but he eats from unlawful earnings, he dresses from unlawful earnings, and he lives by unlawful earnings. He will never be answered"
.
This man has symptoms of humility, and poverty and his situation invokes pity, compassion, and the desire to help him in his need. He has lost his way, his journey is long, and he feels like a stranger, he has lost everything. He has lost connection with his Lord and has deprived himself of the support of his Lord. So his
duas
(supplications) are not accepted. He ate from the unlawful, dressed from the unlawful and his lived on unlawful earnings, so his ‘hands’ (meaning his
dua
[supplication]), were rejected.

 

I ask you by the Lord, what is left of the slave of Allah if he loses his connection with his Lord, his
dua
(supplication) is rejected and he is denied The Mercy of Allah. Some of the
Salaf
said: "
If you stand up in worship like a pole, meaning for a long time without giving up. It will not benefit you, until you watch for what goes in your stomach".

 

What is amazing O brothers, is the acts of some people who avoid lawful provisions in fear of getting sick, but they do not have enough fear of Allah to avoid unlawful earning.

 

Servants of Allah, eating from unlawful means blinds the insight, weakens the religion, hardens the heart, darkens the mind, prevents the body from worship, entraps one in this life and prevents one’s
dua
(supplication) from being accepted. Allah does not accept, except from the righteous.

 

Unlawful earnings and provisions have bad effects on the individual and the community. It removes blessings and causes the spread of diseases, disasters, financial crisis, unemployment, oppression, and disputes.

 

O Muslims, Woe to the ones who eats from unlawful provisions, raises their children and family by means of unlawful earnings. Their example is like the example of one who is drinking out of the seawater. The more they drink the thirstier they become. They drink as the drinking of a thirsty camel. They are not content with little provisions, nor do a lot of provisions satisfy them.

 

They enjoy unlawful provisions and they use twisted means - usury, gambling, stealing forcefully taking, and they give insufficient measures and weights. They conceal deficiency in items. They use magic, fortune telling, they usurp the property of orphans and minors, they lie when they swear, they deceive, they plan, they forge, they betray, - all twisted - dark ways.

 

In the
Hadith
found in the books of
Al Imam Bukhari and An Nasa’i
, he (
Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)
said:
"A time will come on people, when a man will not worry where his earning come from, lawful or unlawful"
, and in another narration he added:
"Such is one whose duas (supplications) and are not accepted"
.

 

O Workers and officers, businessmen, consultants, brokers, Muslim men and Muslim women, it is a duty upon you to seek what is lawful and stay away for the doubtful. Preserve the rights of people. Finish your jobs completely. Fulfil your pledges and your contracts. Refrain from cheating, and lying and delaying and fear Allah.

 

Lawful provisions are satisfying, brings ease, enlightens the heart, energizes the limbs and the body, rectifies and reforms the situation of the person, makes the body healthy, and Allah accepts the
duas
(supplications) of such a person.

 

 

Second Khutbah:

 

 

 

 

Muslim brothers, the best ways is to refrain from unlawful and illegal things is to stay away from doubtful things, and to persevere through devout, pious ways and means, when hesitant.

 

In the
Hadith
found in the books of
Al Imam Tirmidhi,
Ibn Maja
,
Baiyhaqi
and others, the Prophet (
Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam
) said:
"The servant will not be among the pious until he gives up and leaves things that are objectionable for things that are not objectionable and harmful".

 

In
Bukhari
and
Muslim,
the Prophet (
Salla Allahu Alaihi Wa Sallam
) said:
"So he who guards against doubtful things, keeps his religion and his honor blameless, but he who falls into doubtful things, falls into that which is unlawful"
. Narrated by
AnNu’aman Ibnu Bashir
.

 

Al Hassan Basri
(
Rahimallah
) said:
"The righteous people continues to practice piety and righteousness until they give up many of the lawful things out of fear from committing the unlawful"
.

 

Abu Dardah
(
Radhiyallahu Anhu
), said:
"Perfection of piety is when the servant fears Allah even in something as small as an ants weight. Until he leaves and gives up some of what he sees as lawful out of fear that it might be unlawful. To put a barrier between lawful and unlawful things. Know that is Allah is merciful upon you and that doubtful things always makes the heart worried, unstable, concerned and in doubt. The pious and the devout people are the people who refrain from doubtful matters and partakes only of the matters that are sure and free from doubt".

 

So fear Allah, May Allah be merciful to you and I. Fear Allah in yourselves and with your families and guard yourselves from the fire; the fuel of which is people and stones and has angels harsh and severe, they do not disobey Allah in what he commands them, but do what they are commanded to do.

 

 

 

Summary:

 

1) The importance of earning lawfully, its obligation and virtues.

2) The connection between pure earnings and the heart and belief.

3) Warning against ill gotten earnings and its effect on the community.

4) The importance of piety and abstaining from what is doubtful, and the situation of the Salaf in this regard.

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    • By Muslimah7

      Those Busy With Remembrance



      by


       

      Saalih Ibn Humaid


       
      First Khutbah:
       
       
      Fear Allah – O Servants of Allah, and give the greatest importance to His Commands and avoid that which He has prohibited.
       
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      Brother Muslim, when you ponder all of this, you will realize the secret connection between neglecting prayers and following one’s desires.
       
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      Second Khutbah:
       
      O Brothers in Islam, those who were ignorant of their Lord, and forgot the remembrance, became nothing but a destroyed people, acted with no guidance, and tumbled through this life being driven by desires, they plotted great plots and did not hope for a reward from Allah, What fruits have they picked? What have they gained? Look to those who have struggled from the mentally elite of the east and the geniuses of the west. They have extracted everything from the earth inwardly and outwardly, they have learned from the science of space whatever they have learned, but their efforts were directed to nothing but weapons of mass destruction, creating fear and terror in the future. The nations of the earth run behind them, seeking that which will just suffice then in this miserable life, this is the misfortune of being heedless of Allah, this is the consequence of those forgetting the remembrance of Allah, even if they were the most intelligent of people, and no matter how civilized and technologically advanced they are, as Allah says which translates as: “And he who rejects my remembrance then he will have a constricted life, and we will resurrect him on the day of Judgment blind” (Ta Ha: 124).
       
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      Summary:
       
       

      1) The true measure of dignity and honor between nations.
      2) The concept of remembrance and its comprehensive meaning.
      3) The status of those who remember Allah and their virtues, and the reasons behind Allah’s boasting to His angels about the people of Arafat.
      4) How a Muslim spends his day.
      5) The hidden connection between neglecting prayers and following one’s desires.
      6) The consequence for being heedless of Allah and His remembrance
    • By Muslimah7

      Islaam and the Current Challenges
      by


       

      Saalih Ibn Humayd


       
       
       
      First Khutbah:
       
      Brethren in faith! Fear Allaah as He should be feared, for whoever fears Him will receive His protection; whoever turns to Him in repentance will receive His guidance and pleasure; whoever humbles himself in His worship will be honoured by Him and whoever transacts honourably with Him will prosper.
       
      Fellow Muslims! Trials and afflictions are sent to awaken the affected nation to a serious and sincere review of its culture and civilisation, as well as a transparent assessment of its actions. This is because it is civilisation and culture that influence people’s behaviour and concerns. Indeed, there is a dire need for this self-examination in order to identify causes of weakness and defect. Monumental challenges and crises awaken nations and constitute major turning points in their history; they rouse them to strive hard for their progress and development.
       
      Indeed, past failures do not in any way kill the future of an afflicted nation; rather, they draw its attention to its potential and capability. Allaah says regarding the tribulation of the Battle of Badr that which means: “If a wound should touch you – there has already touched the [opposing] people a wound similar to it. And these days [of varying conditions] We alternate among the people so that Allaah may make evident those who believe and [may] take to Himself from among you martyrs – and Allaah does not like the wrongdoers - And that Allaah may purify the believers [through trials] and destroy the disbelievers.” (Aal ‘Imraan: 140-141).
       
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      What benefits are there of principles and systems that generate hatred and allow the humiliation of others? Of what use are policies that facilitate arrogance and haughtiness? Sincere reflection must be made upon the waves of violence that take place all over the world.
       
      Let it be known that if violence is allowed to prevail instead of dialogue and mutual understanding, the voice of the weak will not be heard and justice will have no chance; and even worse than these is that aggression and violence will be legalised. It is therefore a must that all types of aggression, hostility, hatred and racism, be brought to an end.
       
      Among the issues that need urgent review are the wars that have characterised this generation, in which many innocent lives have been lost and in which destructive weapons that not only kill but also cause impairment and chronic diseases to the living are wantonly used. What then is the benefit of a system which has as its product, aggressive and unjust wars that know no law or norms? Compare this to the injunction of the Qur’aan about the purpose of fighting a war which says that which means: “Fight in the way of Allaah those who fight you, but do not commit aggression. Indeed, Allaah does not like aggressors.” (Al-Baqarah: 190) Statistics speak of millions of casualties of these senseless wars all over the world. Therefore, a careful and sincere review of these policies and systems in the light of their effects will go a long way in solving the problems at hand.
       
      Brethren in Faith! The contemporary civilisation and philosophy are built on materialism. Faith has been restricted to things that are only perceptible to the senses to the exclusion of the all matters that are unseen; the concern is only for this world and its pleasures and all scientific discoveries are for the purpose of this mundane life alone. This pathetic situation is accurately described by Allaah when He says that which means: “They know what is apparent of the worldly life, but they, of the Hereafter, are unaware.” (Ar-Room: 7).
       
      Therefore, no attention is paid to spiritual development. This clearly manifests itself in the excessive attention that is being given to sports, music, dancing, drama, etc. Religion has no impact on people's behaviour or on politics and systems of life. Religion has become a mere ritual according to this contemporary civilisation and war has been set up between it and science, and between body and soul. In these ideologies, there is no place for Allaah - the only recognised deities are statues and images. When any of these people carry out religious rites, it is to follow prevalent customs and traditions and nothing more. It is in view of this that brutality and violence have become the order of the day because many people no longer have any respect for Allaah and have become heedless of the Hereafter.
       
      Brethren in Islaam! It is incumbent upon us to have a sincere and serious review of our own actions so that justice and truth will reign and falsehood be annihilated. The world is in need of a merciful system and policies that will promote justice and eradicate all weapons of mass destruction. It is in need of a structure that will have real respect for human rights and will guarantee for all people the right of self-determination, freedom and tranquillity. It is in need of a system that will put an end to colonisation and all types of hegemony and subjugation. It is in need of a system that will restore the rights of the oppressed and punish the oppressor appropriately, for fairness cannot be achieved through injustice nor can security be achieved through fear. The sense of revenge must give way to dialogue and mutual understanding. The countries of the world are in dire need of cooperation and unity in order to reside in peace and this is what the wise and sincere, who want the best for humanity, should call unto. If they fail to do so, then the weak will only continue to weaken further.
       
      Nevertheless, history has shown us examples of civilisations and nations that have risen and fallen as well as that of communities that have persevered, resisted the aggression of devilish nations and therefore survived and flourished, for all affairs belong to Allaah. He says that which means: “… And those who have wronged are going to know to what [kind of] return they will be returned.” (Ash-Shu‘araa: 227) and also: “And We had certainly established them in such as We have not established you, and We made for them hearing and vision and hearts [i.e., intellect]. But their hearing and vision and hearts availed them not from anything [of the punishment] when they were [continually] rejecting the signs of Allaah; and they were enveloped by what they used to ridicule.” (Al-Ahqaaf: 26)
       
      When one reflects over the crises that Islaam has undergone throughout its long history, it will be clear that despite the civilisation, light, justice and fairness that nations and communities enjoyed under the rule of Islaam, these crises significantly weakened the Islaamic civilisation in a way that has been a cause of joy for its enemies. However, these crises do have positive aspects; they have re-awakened the Muslims, afforded them the opportunity to examine themselves and created in them stronger determination and hope. Therefore, the multitudes of persecutions that afflict the Muslims today are but harbingers of a bright future for them. An example of this was what happened to the Muslims in the Battle of Uhud. It is in this regard that Allaah says that which means: “Those [believers] who responded to Allaah and the Messenger after injury had struck them. For those who did good among them and feared Allaah is a great reward – Those to whom people [i.e., hypocrites] said: 'Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.' But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said: 'Sufficient for us is Allaah, and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs.’ So they returned with favour from Allaah and bounty, no harm having touched them. And they pursued the pleasure of Allaah, and Allaah is the possessor of great bounty. That is only Satan who frightens [you] of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are [indeed] believers.” (Aal ‘Imraan: 172-175)
       
      Having established that whatever evil has afflicted the Muslims is the result of their own deeds, there is certainty that they possess strong spiritual values that are embodied in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam in which they believe and upon which they stand. These two measures are the criteria for identifying all points of deviation and it is by them that the Muslim nation will be able to rectify its situation and rise again against all the odds – by the will of Allaah.
       
      The Islamic Law is the Muslim’s source of strength and immunity during ideological crises. Despite the fact that invading modern trends have achieved great success worldwide, the Islaamic world and its societies, regardless of all their sufferings, are by the will of Allaah united in resisting this invasion. Islaam is the religion of truth and is firmly rooted among the Muslim societies.
       
      Although, the Muslims do not reject anything new which is beneficial, they refuse to subscribe to the notion that these invading trends are the only ideal way of life that must be universally adhered to. Muslims are open-minded people who welcome any progress that brings benefit for mankind; they are not enemies of science, technology or beneficial civilization. However, Islaam will never accept being subordinate to or melt into any other cultures or civilizations as many other religions and cultures have done, for Islaam is the protected and everlasting religion of Allaah.
       
      Moreover, it is a source of honour and pride that Islaam, through its creed, law and culture, has provided for mankind that which other civilizations have failed to. Muslims are therefore capable of overcoming their problems and settling their differences with the help of Allaah. They should therefore strive to understand the reality of their religion and the nature of their message so as to be able to fulfil their responsibility towards themselves and humanity in general, bearing in mind the saying of Allaah which means: “…Indeed, Allaah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves…” (Ar-Ra‘d: 11)
      First Khutbah
       
      Brethren in faith! Fear Allaah as He should be feared, for whoever fears Him will receive His protection; whoever turns to Him in repentance will receive His guidance and pleasure; whoever humbles himself in His worship will be honoured by Him and whoever transacts honourably with Him will prosper.
       
      Fellow Muslims! Trials and afflictions are sent to awaken the affected nation to a serious and sincere review of its culture and civilisation, as well as a transparent assessment of its actions. This is because it is civilisation and culture that influence people’s behaviour and concerns. Indeed, there is a dire need for this self-examination in order to identify causes of weakness and defect. Monumental challenges and crises awaken nations and constitute major turning points in their history; they rouse them to strive hard for their progress and development.
       
      Indeed, past failures do not in any way kill the future of an afflicted nation; rather, they draw its attention to its potential and capability. Allaah says regarding the tribulation of the Battle of Badr that which means: “If a wound should touch you – there has already touched the [opposing] people a wound similar to it. And these days [of varying conditions] We alternate among the people so that Allaah may make evident those who believe and [may] take to Himself from among you martyrs – and Allaah does not like the wrongdoers - And that Allaah may purify the believers [through trials] and destroy the disbelievers.” (Aal ‘Imraan: 140-141).
       
      When major incidents take place, they do not affect a nation alone but affect most nations of the world, for they generate numerous religious, economic, social and political reactions. What is therefore expected of the intelligentsia of the affected nation is a fundamental review of its policies and systems as well as the effects of these on individuals and nations. Moreover, all contemporary principles, systems and policies of this age require scrutiny and re-examination.
       
      There are indeed some current systems that are beneficial materially, technologically, medically, economically and educationally, but what effect have these useful systems had on those who propagate them? It seems as if the very propagators of these systems are themselves devoid of any compassion or mercy; they proclaim systems whose implementation is biased; they speak of freedom, democracy and human rights but their actions contradict their statements. Contemporary history is full of arrogance, ostentation, dictatorship, humiliation, oppression of weak nations and usurpation of their wealth. Justice and ration therefore demand that the afflicted nation should deal with other nations honestly, wish them well and review its policies towards them as well as to seriously reflect upon the basic factors that have caused people’s hatred towards it.
       
      What benefits are there of principles and systems that generate hatred and allow the humiliation of others? Of what use are policies that facilitate arrogance and haughtiness? Sincere reflection must be made upon the waves of violence that take place all over the world.
       
      Let it be known that if violence is allowed to prevail instead of dialogue and mutual understanding, the voice of the weak will not be heard and justice will have no chance; and even worse than these is that aggression and violence will be legalised. It is therefore a must that all types of aggression, hostility, hatred and racism, be brought to an end.
       
      Among the issues that need urgent review are the wars that have characterised this generation, in which many innocent lives have been lost and in which destructive weapons that not only kill but also cause impairment and chronic diseases to the living are wantonly used. What then is the benefit of a system which has as its product, aggressive and unjust wars that know no law or norms? Compare this to the injunction of the Qur’aan about the purpose of fighting a war which says that which means: “Fight in the way of Allaah those who fight you, but do not commit aggression. Indeed, Allaah does not like aggressors.” (Al-Baqarah: 190) Statistics speak of millions of casualties of these senseless wars all over the world. Therefore, a careful and sincere review of these policies and systems in the light of their effects will go a long way in solving the problems at hand.
       
      Brethren in Faith! The contemporary civilisation and philosophy are built on materialism. Faith has been restricted to things that are only perceptible to the senses to the exclusion of the all matters that are unseen; the concern is only for this world and its pleasures and all scientific discoveries are for the purpose of this mundane life alone. This pathetic situation is accurately described by Allaah when He says that which means: “They know what is apparent of the worldly life, but they, of the Hereafter, are unaware.” (Ar-Room: 7).
       
      Therefore, no attention is paid to spiritual development. This clearly manifests itself in the excessive attention that is being given to sports, music, dancing, drama, etc. Religion has no impact on people's behaviour or on politics and systems of life. Religion has become a mere ritual according to this contemporary civilisation and war has been set up between it and science, and between body and soul. In these ideologies, there is no place for Allaah - the only recognised deities are statues and images. When any of these people carry out religious rites, it is to follow prevalent customs and traditions and nothing more. It is in view of this that brutality and violence have become the order of the day because many people no longer have any respect for Allaah and have become heedless of the Hereafter.
       
      Brethren in Islaam! It is incumbent upon us to have a sincere and serious review of our own actions so that justice and truth will reign and falsehood be annihilated. The world is in need of a merciful system and policies that will promote justice and eradicate all weapons of mass destruction. It is in need of a structure that will have real respect for human rights and will guarantee for all people the right of self-determination, freedom and tranquillity. It is in need of a system that will put an end to colonisation and all types of hegemony and subjugation. It is in need of a system that will restore the rights of the oppressed and punish the oppressor appropriately, for fairness cannot be achieved through injustice nor can security be achieved through fear. The sense of revenge must give way to dialogue and mutual understanding. The countries of the world are in dire need of cooperation and unity in order to reside in peace and this is what the wise and sincere, who want the best for humanity, should call unto. If they fail to do so, then the weak will only continue to weaken further.
       
      Nevertheless, history has shown us examples of civilisations and nations that have risen and fallen as well as that of communities that have persevered, resisted the aggression of devilish nations and therefore survived and flourished, for all affairs belong to Allaah. He says that which means: “… And those who have wronged are going to know to what [kind of] return they will be returned.” (Ash-Shu‘araa: 227) and also: “And We had certainly established them in such as We have not established you, and We made for them hearing and vision and hearts [i.e., intellect]. But their hearing and vision and hearts availed them not from anything [of the punishment] when they were [continually] rejecting the signs of Allaah; and they were enveloped by what they used to ridicule.” (Al-Ahqaaf: 26)
       
      When one reflects over the crises that Islaam has undergone throughout its long history, it will be clear that despite the civilisation, light, justice and fairness that nations and communities enjoyed under the rule of Islaam, these crises significantly weakened the Islaamic civilisation in a way that has been a cause of joy for its enemies. However, these crises do have positive aspects; they have re-awakened the Muslims, afforded them the opportunity to examine themselves and created in them stronger determination and hope. Therefore, the multitudes of persecutions that afflict the Muslims today are but harbingers of a bright future for them. An example of this was what happened to the Muslims in the Battle of Uhud. It is in this regard that Allaah says that which means: “Those [believers] who responded to Allaah and the Messenger after injury had struck them. For those who did good among them and feared Allaah is a great reward – Those to whom people [i.e., hypocrites] said: 'Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.' But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said: 'Sufficient for us is Allaah, and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs.’ So they returned with favour from Allaah and bounty, no harm having touched them. And they pursued the pleasure of Allaah, and Allaah is the possessor of great bounty. That is only Satan who frightens [you] of his supporters. So fear them not, but fear Me, if you are [indeed] believers.” (Aal ‘Imraan: 172-175)
       
      Having established that whatever evil has afflicted the Muslims is the result of their own deeds, there is certainty that they possess strong spiritual values that are embodied in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam in which they believe and upon which they stand. These two measures are the criteria for identifying all points of deviation and it is by them that the Muslim nation will be able to rectify its situation and rise again against all the odds – by the will of Allaah.
       
      The Islamic Law is the Muslim’s source of strength and immunity during ideological crises. Despite the fact that invading modern trends have achieved great success worldwide, the Islaamic world and its societies, regardless of all their sufferings, are by the will of Allaah united in resisting this invasion. Islaam is the religion of truth and is firmly rooted among the Muslim societies.
       
      Although, the Muslims do not reject anything new which is beneficial, they refuse to subscribe to the notion that these invading trends are the only ideal way of life that must be universally adhered to. Muslims are open-minded people who welcome any progress that brings benefit for mankind; they are not enemies of science, technology or beneficial civilization. However, Islaam will never accept being subordinate to or melt into any other cultures or civilizations as many other religions and cultures have done, for Islaam is the protected and everlasting religion of Allaah.
       
      Moreover, it is a source of honour and pride that Islaam, through its creed, law and culture, has provided for mankind that which other civilizations have failed to. Muslims are therefore capable of overcoming their problems and settling their differences with the help of Allaah. They should therefore strive to understand the reality of their religion and the nature of their message so as to be able to fulfil their responsibility towards themselves and humanity in general, bearing in mind the saying of Allaah which means: “…Indeed, Allaah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves…” (Ar-Ra‘d: 11)
       
      Summary:
      A call to reflect on current events and how situations change
       
      The benefits of trials and hardships
       
      Major adversities are affecting the whole world
       
      The corruption and misguidance that has resulted from current principles and ideologies
       
      A criticism of western educational curricula and systems
       
      The evil outcome of wars and the devastation they cause
       
      The western system is a materialistic one, devoid of a spiritual component
       
      The dire need for justice, mercy and noble conduct
       
      The ability of oppressed nations to struggle and resist
       
      The effect of trials on the Islaamic culture
       
      Trials are a means of awakening the Muslim nation
       
      Islaamic principles are a protection against trials
       
      13) Islaam benefits all mankind

    • By Saracen21stC

      The Prophet's Final Sermon


       

      Source/Reference


       
       
       
      After praising and lauding Allah as was appropriate, the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam) said, the meaning of which is:
       
      "To proceed:
       
      "[O people, listen attentively to me for I do not know if I will ever meet you again after this year, in this place.]"(1) [A man, tall like the people of Shanu'ah, stood and asked, 'So what should we do?' He replied, "Worship your Lord, pray your five daily prayers, fast the month (of Ramadan), perform Hajj to the House, give your zakat without any reluctance, [obey those placed in charge over you],(2) and you shall enter the Paradise of your Lord."](3)
       
      "O people, all blood debts of the jahiliyyah are made null and void; the first blood debt so rendered is that of ibn Rabi`ah ibn al-Harith - who was suckled among the Banu Layth and killed by Hudhayl.
       
      "All usury of the jahiliyyah is abolished and the first such usury that I shall abolish is that of al-`Abbas ibn `Abdu'l-Muttalib. [Your capital is your own; "do not do wrong and you will not be wronged."(4)](5)
       
      "O people, time has revolved as is its fashion since the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. The number of the months with Allah is twelve, of which four are sacred, these are Rajab of (Banu) Mudar that is between Jumada and Sha'ban, [and three which are consecutive:](6) Dhu'l-Qa`dah, Dhu'l-Hijjah and al-Muharram. "That is the true and upright religion; do not wrong yourselves in them."(7) "Intercalation therein is an increase in disbelief; by it those who disbelieve are led astray. One year they make it profane and another year they make it sacred in order to tally (ostensibly) with the number that Allah made sacred."(8) One year they would make Safar profane and another they would make Muharram sacred. One year they would make Safar sacred and another they would make Muharram profane. This is intercalation (nasi`) [and it is from Shaytan].(9)
       
      "O people, those having deposits should award them to those who entrusted them with them.
       
      "[Woe to you! Be careful!](10) [You will meet your Lord and He will ask you about your deeds so](11) [do not revert to becoming unbelievers after me, striking the necks of one another. Shaytan has despaired that those who pray will worship Him, but not so in sowing dissension amongst you].(12)
       
      "O people, Shaytan has despaired of being worshipped in your land till the end of time. Yet he may be pleased with you by your doing acts that you think insignificant. Beware of (harming) your religion through such acts [for he shall be obeyed in these and shall be pleased].(13) [Therefore beware of him (lest he harm) your religion].(14)
       
      "O people, [fear Allah with regards women and](15) [treat them well for they](16) are as captives with you.(17) You took them as a trust from Allah and you are permitted access to their sexual organs by Allah's word. You have rights over them and they have rights over you. One of the rights you have over them is that they not allow others besides yourselves to set foot on your furnishings [and that they do not give permission to anyone you dislike entering your homes].(18) And they should not disobey you in that which is good. If they so obey, then you have no right to (chastise them). They are due their food and their clothing in kindness. [if you fear those of them who are fractious, then admonish them and refuse to sleep with them in bed,(19) and](20) if you strike (them), then do so without viciousness.
       
      "[Listen well to me and live! Do not do wrong! Do not do wrong! Do not do wrong!](21) [The (requital) of a transgression should not be meted to any save the transgressor. The father should not transgress against his son and the son should not transgress against his father.](22) [Know that every Muslim is a brother to another Muslim and that the Muslims are brothers, therefore](23) no man should have access to his brother's wealth, unless with his goodwill.
       
      "O people, I have left among you that with which, if you adopt it, you will not go astray, the Book of Allah [and the Sunnah of his Prophet];(24) live by it.
       
      "[O people, of a surety, your Lord is one and your father is one. Of a surety, the Arab is not superior to a non-Arab, neither a non-Arab to an Arab, neither a red-skinned person to a black-skinned person and neither a black-skinned person to a red-skinned person, except through taqwa].(25)
       
      "O people, what day is this?" They replied, 'A sacrosanct day.' He asked, "What land is this?" They replied, 'A sacrosanct land.' He asked, "What month is this?" They replied, 'A sacrosanct month.' He said, "Allah has made your blood, your possessions and your honour sacrosanct, just as this day in this land and this month are sacrosanct [until you meet your Lord]."(26) [And he repeated this over and over].(27)
       
      "Let those of you who are present inform those who are absent, [for perhaps the absent would retain more than some of those present].(28) There will be no prophet after me and no nation after you." [Then he raised his head and said],(29) ["Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)?](30)" [They said, 'Yes!'](31) He then raised his hands and said [three times],(32) "O Allah! Bear witness [that I have conveyed (the message)!](33)"(34)
       

      (1) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999
      (2) Ibn Hibban #4563
      (3) Ahmad #22260. cf. Ahmad 22161-22258
      (4) al-Baqarah 2:279
      (5) Ahmad #20695, `Abd ibn Humayd #856
      (6) Bukhari #4406-5550-7447, Muslim #1679
      (7) al-Tawbah 9:36
      (8) al-Tawbah 9:37
      (9) `Abd ibn Humayd #856
      (10) Bukhari #4403
      (11) Ahmad #20386, Bukhari #4406-5550-7447, Muslim #1679
      (12) Ahmad #20695. cf. Ahmad #14366 and Muslim #2812
      (13) Tirmidhi #2159
      (14) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999
      (15) Ahmad #20695
      (16) Tirmidhi #1163-3087
      (17) i.e. bound by the contract and rules of marriage, and the duties of being a wife.
      (18) Ahmad #20695, Tirmidhi #1163-3087
      (19) cf. al-Nisa' 4:34
      (20) Ahmad #20695
      (21) Ahmad #20695
      (22) Tirmidhi #2159-3087
      (23) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999. cf. Tirmidhi #3087
      (24) Ibn Hisham, Sirah #1999
      (25) Ahmad #23489. cf. Ahmad #8736-17313-21407
      (26) Muslim #1679
      (27) Bukhari #1739
      (28) Bukhari #4406-5550-7447, Muslim #1679. cf. Bukhari #7078
      (29) Bukhari #1739
      (30) Ahmad #20695
      (31) Ahmad #20407, Bukhari #4403-7087, Muslim #1679
      (32) Bukhari #4403, `Abd ibn Humayd #856
      (33) `Abd ibn Humayd #856
      (34) The source narration is that of Bazzar #1141 (Kashfu'l-Astar) as quoted in ibn Kathir, al-Bidayah wa'l-Nihayah, vol. 7, pp. 652-653. It is also found in `Abd ibn Humayd #856.
      The translation of the source hadith was taken from Trevor Le Gassick's translation to ibn Kathir, Life of the Prophet Muhammad, vol. 4, pp. 291-292 and modified where necessary.
      Although the chains of narration are weak, the hadith is authentic due to supporting witnesses.
      Sections of the hadith are found scattered amongst various books of hadith such as:
      -Bukhari #67-105-1741-3197-4407-4662-5550-7078-7447, 1742-4403-6043-6166-6785-6868-7077, 1739-7079
      -Muslim #1679
      -Tirmidhi #1163-2159-3087
      -Abu Dawud #1947-1948
      -Ahmad #11762-20386-20387-20407-20419-20449-20453-20461-20498-20695
      -Bazzar #3615-3617
      and many more.
       
       
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