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Bid'ah - Innovation In Islam.

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Wa sharrul Umoori Muhdathaatuhaa, Wa kulla Bid'atin dhaialah, wa kulla
dhalatin fin-naar" Al-Hadith (Sahih Muslim). Translation of the above
Hadith: Every innovation is a misguidance and every misguidance goes to
Hell fire.IMAM SHAFI'S EXPLANATION OF THE ABOVE HADITH:

Kullu bida'tin daiala: "Every innovation is a misguidance"? Doesn't the
term "every" include all innovations?" Such an objection stems from the
misinterpretation of the term kull ("every") in the Hadith to be all
encompassing without exception, whereas in Arabic it may mean "Nearly
all" or "the vast majority."


This is how al-Shafi'i understood it or else he would have never allowed
for any innovation whatsoever to be considered good, and he is
considered a hujja or "Proof," that is, reference without peer for
questions regarding the Arabic language. The stylistic figure of meaning
the part by the whole, or nechdoche in English is in Arabic: 'abbara
'an al-kathratf bi at-kulliyya. This is illustrated by the use of kull
in the following verse 46:25 of the Quran in a selective or partial
sense not a universal sense:


"Destroying all things by commandment of its Lord. And morning found
them so that naught could be seen save their dwellings". Thus, the
dwellings were not destroyed although "all" things had been destroyed.
"All" here means specifically the lives of the unbelievers of 'Ad and
their properties except their houses.ARE THERE GOOD OR BAD INNOVATIONS
IN Islam?

Prophetic saying as stated in Sahih Muslim is known even to common
Muslims, let alone scholars: "He who inaugurates a good practice (sanna
fil-Islam sunnatun hasana) in Islam earns the reward of it, and of all
who perform it after him, without diminishing their own rewards in the
least. " Tirmizi, Page 92.Imam Nawawi said in Sahih Muslim (6-21):


"The Prophet's saying 'every innovation is a general-particular and it
is a reference to most innovations. The linguists say, 'Innovation is
any act done without a previous pattern, and it is of five different
kinds."' Imam Nawawi also said in Tahzeeb al Asma'wal Sifaat,
"Innovation in religious law is to originate anything which did not
exist during the time of the Prophet, and it is divided into good and
bad.

" He also said, "al-muhdathat (pi. for muhdatha) is to originate
something that has no roots in religious law. In the tradition of
religious law, it is called innovation, and if it has an origin within
the religious law, then it is not innovation. Innovation in religious
law is disagreeable, unlike in the language where everything that has
been originated without a previous pattern is called innovation
regardless of whether it is good or bad.

"Sheikh al-Islam lbn Hajar Al
Asqalani, the commentator on al-Bukhari, said, "Anything that did not
exist during the Prophet's time is called innovation, but some are good
while others are not."Abu Na'eem, narrated from Ibrahim al-Junaid, said,
"I heard Ash-Shafi'i saying, 'Innovation is of two types: praiseworthy
innovation and blameworthy innovation, and anything that disagrees with
the Sunnah is blameworthy."Imam al Bayhaqi narrated in Manaqib
Ash-Shafi'i that he said....see more

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