By Aisha Muhamm
Sobre el fiqh del ayuno( siyam) fuera de el mes de Ramadán voy a hablar:
¿Quieres hacer trinchera entre tú y el Fuego con una distancia equivalente a la que hay entre el Cielo y la Tierra?
De Abu Umáma que el Mensajero de Allah ﷺ dijo en Al Tirmidhi:
“Quien ayune un día por la causa de Allah, Él abrirá una trinchera entre él y el Fuego con una distancia equivalente a la que hay entre el Cielo y la Tierra”
Al Albáni clasificó este hadiz como aceptado.
¿Quieres alejarte del Fuego una distancia equivalente a setenta años?
De Abu Saíd Al-Judrí que el Profeta de Allah ﷺ dijo en Al Bujari y Muslim:
“Quien ayune un día por la causa de Allah, Él lo alejará su rostro del Fuego una distancia equivalente a setenta años”.
Libros: Al Bujari, Al Tabarani, Al Tirmizi, Muslim
Asuntos: El Ayuno, Las Buenas Acciones
¿Sabías que en el paraíso hay una puerta a la que se le dice “Arrayán”?
¿Sabías quién entrará por esta puerta bendita ?
Narró Sahl Ibn Saad que el Mensajero de Allah ﷺ dijo:
“En el paraíso hay una puerta a la que se le dice “Arrayán”, por la que entrarán los que ayunan el Día de la Resurrección y nadie más que ellos. Se dirá: “¿Dónde están los que ayunan?” Se levantarán y nadie entrará más que ellos. En cuanto entren, se cerrará y ni una sola persona más entrará”
Libros: Al Bujari, Muslim
Asuntos: El Ayuno, El Paraíso, La vida del más allá, Ramadán
El ayuno opcional (siyam tatawwu’) tiene grandes virtudes y una gran recompensa.
En un hadiz qudsi, que Al-lah esté complacido de él, relata que el Profeta Muhammad , la paz sea con él , dijo:
«Cada obra del hijo de Adam se aumenta, una hasana por diez hasta setencientas veces más. Dijo Allah, el Altísimo:»Excepto el ayuno,pues es para Mí y yo recompenso por ello. Pues deja su deseo y su comida por Mí». Y para el que ayuna hay dos motivos de alegría:uno cuando rompe el ayuno y otro cuando se encuentra con su Señor. Y el hedor de su boca es mejor para Allah que el aroma del almizcle».
Relatado por Muslim
Asuntos: El Ayuno, La mansedumbre, La Paciencia, La Piedad, Ramadán
¿Quieras saber qué es el yuno voluntario (ayuno tatawwu’) y qué son los días que es Sunna ayunarlos?
En este vídeo islámico gráfico hay todo sobre este asunto que tiene una gran recompensa:
No te pierdas veerlo y aprender algo sobre tu religión.
El fiqh del ayuno (assiyam)
El fiqh de la adoración en Islam
Imagine there is a sale in you favorite store for just one day, what would you do? You won’t waste time you, would go and make the best out of it. Ramadan is a sale month. Sale on good deeds and rewards. Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him said:” may a man upon whom Ramadan enters and then passes, before he is forgiven, be humiliated” (Jami` at-Tirmidhi). Don’t waste time, set your Ramadan goals, make your list and go. Here are some goals to help you not miss the sale:
please share it if you like it
By happy spirit
Measure of Zakat Al-Fitr
A Sa’[ One sa: 2.40kg barley] is to be paid for every individual, and it has to be from man’s food e.g. rice, dates, wheat, in accordance with the hadith of Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “We used to pay on the day of Fitr during the time of the Messenger of Allah a Sa’ of food” and he (Abu Sa’eed) said: “And our foods were barley, raisins, (cottage) cheese[ Aqit: dried, curled milk (cottage cheese) used in cooking] and dates.” [ Source: Al Bukhari]
Sa’ is estimated by Hanafis as = 3.25 kgs, and for the majority of scholars as = 2.040 kgs
It is also estimated as four handfuls of an average sized man.
By happy spirit
This is the best period to perform Al I’tikaf. This is in accordance with the hadith reported by ‘Aishah, who said: “The Prophet ﷺ used to seclude himself for worship in the last ten days of Ramadan until Allah Almighty took his soul.” [ Source: Bukhari.]
Anyone who intended to perform Al I’tikaf would observe Salatus-Subhi on the 21st of the month in the Masjid where he intended to perform Al I’tikaf and would subsequently enter into his seclusion. ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) reported: “The Prophet used to perform Al I’tikaf every year in the month of Ramadan; when he prayed Salatus-Subhi, he would enter the place of his Al I’tikaf.” [ Source: Bukhari.]
Al I’tikaf ends with the sunset of the last day of Ramadan. However, it is recommended to delay leaving the Masjid until the early morning of ‘Eid day, because this is what was recorded as being practiced by many of our pious predecessors.
By happy spirit
It is permissible for the sick to break fast in Ramadan. Allah Almighty says:
“... but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number of days (should be made up) from other days” (Al-Baqarah : 184).The sickness that permits the breaking of fast is the one that causes or leads to a more serious pain, if the sick were to fast.
It is permissible for a traveler in the month of Ramadan to break his fast, and it is compulsory on him to pay back the missed days. Allah Almighty says:
“... but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number of days (should be made up) from other days.” ( Al-Baqarah : 184).The same distance that permits Al-Qasr (reduction of the number of prostrations in prayers) (Salat) also permits the breaking of fast, provided it is known as traveling according to the customs of the people and it is a permissible form of traveling. If, however, it is a form of sinful traveling or a traveling done in order to be free from fasting, then it will be prohibited for him to break his fast.However, if a traveler decides to fast, it will be valid. This is due to the hadeeth reported by Anas ibn Malik who said:
“We used to travel (during fasting) with the Prophet ﷺ, and those of us who fasted neither abused nor looked down upon those who broke their fast, nor did those who broke their fast look down upon those who fasted.” [ Source: Bukhari.] However, this permission is upon the condition that fasting is not a burden on him nor a cause of pain for him. If it is, then it will be better for him not to fast. This is because the Prophet ﷺ in one of his journeys, saw a man whose fasting had become burdensome upon him (had been severely weakened) due to the severe heat, and as such people had gathered around him. Thereupon, the Prophet said:
“Fasting while on a journey is not part of righteousness.” [ Source: Tirmidhi.]3- Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
A pregnant or breastfeeding woman who fears there would be a burden on herself if she fasted may break her fast, and she must pay it back, just like the sick.The Prophet ﷺ said:
“Allah Almighty has relieved the traveler of fasting and some parts of Salah (daily prayers), and He relieved the pregnant and the breastfeeding woman of fasting.” [ Source: Bukhari.]However, if she fears the burden on only her child or fetus, then she must pay the missed fasts back and feed one poor person for every missed day. Ibn ‘Abbas said:
“As for the pregnant and breastfeeding women, if they fear the burden of fasting on their children, then they must pay it back (the missed fasts) and feed one poor person for every missed day.” [ Source: Abu Dawud.]4- Menstrual and Post-Partum Bleeding
But a woman who menstruates or has post-natal bleeding is obligated to break her fast, as it is prohibited for her to fast. If, however, she does fast, it will not be valid; andshe will still have to pay back the equivalent fasts for the period she missed. When ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) was asked why a menstruating woman pays back the missed fast, but not the missed prayers, she said:
“That (i.e. post natal and menstrual bleeding) used to befall us and we were ordered to pay back missed fasts, but not missed Salah (prayers).” [ Agreed upon.]