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    • By sanajamal
      From the very beginning, historians and writers of Seerah have differed on the date of birth of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم. There are disagreements even for the ‘year’ of birth of Prophet Muhammadصلى الله عليه وسلم so, naturally we have different views regarding his ‘month’ of birth and ‘date’ of birth. Considering the fact that a wide majority of the historians have mentioned the ‘month’ to be Rabi ul awwal, one can safely assume that the month was Rabi ul awwal. Furthermore, it is proven from Authentic Narrations that his ‘day’ of birth was ‘Monday’.
      Abu Qatada Ansari رضى الله عنه reported that Allah's Messenger صلى االه عليه وسلمwas asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: It is (the day) when I was born and revelation was sent down to me.
      (Sahih Al Bukhari – Kitab As Sawm)
      The different views regarding the date of birth are:
      2nd Rabi ul Awwal: Ibn Abd al-Barr
      5th Rabi ul Awwal: Ameer ud din 
      8th Rabi ul Awwal: Ibn al Qayyim, ibn e Hazm, Az Zuhri , Ibn e Dihya
      9th Rabi ul Awwal : Muhammad Suleman Mansurpuri, Mubarakpuri , Shibli Nomani, Mahmud Pasha Falaki, Akbar Shah Najeeb Abadi, Moeen ud din Ahmed Nadvi, Abul Kalam Azad
      12th Rabi ul Awwal: Tabari, ibn e Khuldoon , Dr hameedullah , ibn e hisham, ‘Allama Abu’l-Hasan ‘Ali ibn Muhammad al- Mawardi, ibn e ishaaq 
      10th Rabi ul Awwal: Abul Fida, Abu Jaafar al Baaqir, Al Waqadi , Al Sha’bi– 10
      17th Rabi ul Awwal: Shia view; and they also believe that it was Friday 
      22nd Rabi ul Awwal: Also attributed to ibn e Hazm
      10th Muharram: Abdul Qadir Jilani
      Now, how can one find the true date out of the numerous opinions? The only sure-shot information that we have is that it was the Monday and the month Rabi ul Awwal. Few biographers of the Seerah have mentioned that a person named Mahmud Pasha Falki proved through astronomical calculations that the Monday falls on 9th Rabi ul Awwal in the year when Rasulullah was born. People who have written biographies in the past century have accepted his research and they normally quote the date of birth to be 9th Rabi ul Awwal. Furthermore, Allama Qastalani writes that the people of Zaych are in agreement that the eighth of Rabi ul Awwal was the Monday. 
      The presence of such disagreements on the exact day of his birth proves that birthdays were not important to the Arabs. Arabs were very well known for their great memorization skills. They used know the lineage of their families and other Arabs by heart; they used to know hundreds of verses of poetry by heart, a great feat of memorization. Documentation wasn’t very common. Hence, it is very difficult to conclude when exactly Rasulullah was born. 
      Why we cannot find the Exact Date Even from Astronomical Calculations
      The pagan Arabs would play with the calendar and amend it according to their wishes; which is referred to as Nasi. The pagan Arabs practiced Nasi in two ways. 
      1- Whenever it suited them, they would declare a prohibited month to be an ordinary month in which fighting, robbery and murder in retaliation were lawful for them. Then they would declare an ordinary month to be a prohibited month instead of this month in order to make up for the deficiency caused in the number of the prohibited months. Earlier writers of Seerah like Ibn e Hisham and commentators like Mujahid quoted that one year the Arab made Muharram as Halal, and they would consider Safar to be sacred (Haram), and the next year they’ll take Muharram to be sacred. They did so because three sacred months Dhul-Hijj, Dhul-Q’ada and Muharram were consecutive. `Abd al-Raĥmān ibn Zayd ibn Aslam, another leading commentator says that they would make two Safar one year and two Muharram next year. 
      2- The other way of Nasi was the addition of a month in order to harmonize the lunar year to the solar year so that the Hajj of Prophet Muhammad should always fall in the same season and they should be saved from the botheration and inconveniences that are experienced by its observance according to the lunar year. Due to the lunar calendar, the months shifted 11 days earlier each successive year, thus the people wished to perform the hajj (pilgrimage) ceremony - which coincided with different seasons - not on certain days of Dhu al-Hijjah, but on other days and months when the weather was mild and trade environment was suitable.  In order to ensure this, they used the nasi (adjustment) method. So, the way out was to add a month after every three years. In this way Haj was observed for 36 years on dates other than the actual dates. Then in the thirty seventh year it was again observed on the 9th and 10th of Zil-Hajjah, as they should have actually fallen according to the lunar calendar. It so happened that on the occasion when the Holy Prophet performed Hujjatul-Wida' (Farewell Haj). These dates by rotation coincided with the actual dates of Haj according to the lunar calendar
      Abu Bakra reported that (in the Farewell Address) Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Time has completed a cycle and come to the state of the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is constituted of twelve months, of which four are sacred; three of them consecutive, viz. Dhu'l-Qa'da, Dhu'l- Hijja and Muharram, and also Rajab the month of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha'ban.
      (Sahih Muslim - Al-Kitab Al-Qasama wa'l-Muharaba wa'l-Qisas wa'l-Diyat)
      Qur’an also mentions this act of delaying months in Surah At Tawbah. 
      Nasi (Postponing of the sacred month) is only an addition in unbelief, wherewith those who disbelieve are led astray, violating it one year and keeping it sacred another, that they may agree in the number (of months) that Allah has made sacred, and thus violate what Allah has made sacred; the evil of their doings is made fair-seeming to them; and Allah does not guide the unbelieving people.
      (Surah At Tawbah 9:37)
      Moreover, before the annunciation of prophet-hood, there was not any official calendar in force in the Arab land. The Arabs were accustomed to changing and altering the months as they pleased, and hence, sometimes they would make thirteen and fourteen months in one year. It is mentioned in Diya’ al-Qur’an that in a lunar year one extra intercalary month would be added to the existing twelve months. It is quite clear that before the annunciation of prophethood, such additions were made, however, we can never know in which specific year or years additions were made. (Diya’ al-Ummat, Justice Shaykh Muhammad Karam Shah al- Azhari (ra), Diya’ al-Qur’an, volume 1, page 202, note 60.)
      Considering the above mentioned facts, we can never be sure about the date of birth of Prophet Muhammad. The exact birthdate of the Prophet Muhammad has always been the subject of dispute amongst classical scholars. Nothing authentic has been reported in the standard source books of tradition, and this fact in itself shows that it was not held in the significance that later authorities did. The astronomical researches are invalid considering the practice of Nasi. The only way we could have been absolutely sure about it was if Prophet Muhammad would have told us that himself, which he actually didn’t. If we consider this fact we would be forced to leave all bid’aat (innovations) attached with 12th of Rabi ul Awwal. 
      Why 12th Rabiulawwal is famous?
      1- The two famous books authors of Seerah Ibn e Hisham and Ibn e Ishaaq both have mentioned it to be 12thRabi ul Awwal. 
      2- Perhaps those who decided to start milad took this day:  This also explains why Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, writing before the conception of the mawlid in the fifth century of the hijrah, stated that the most common opinion amongst historians was in fact the 8th of Rabīʿ al-Awwal, and yet Ibn Kathīr, writing three centuries later, after the mawlid had been introduced as a public festival, stated that the 12th of Rabīʿ al-Awwal was the most common opinion. Earlier historians like Ibn e S’ad didn’t even put 12 Rabi ul Awwal in the list of candidates for Birthday of Prophet Muhammad. In the earlier days 8th Rabi ul Awwal used to be accepted as the date of Birth. 
      Date of Death
      What we know for sure is that day of his death was ‘Monday’, as for the date we have different narrations. The famous one is 12th rabiulawwal. 
      Narrated Hisham's father: Aisha said, "I went to Abu Bakr (during his fatal illness) and he asked me, 'In how many garments was the Prophet shrouded?' She replied, 'In three Sahuliya pieces of white cloth of cotton, and there was neither a shirt nor a turban among them.' Abu Bakr further asked her, 'On which day did the Prophet die?' She replied, 'He died on Monday.' He asked, 'What is today?' She replied, 'Today is Monday.' He added, 'I hope I shall die sometime between this morning and tonight.' Then he looked at a garment that he was wearing during his illness and it had some stains of saffron. Then he said, 'Wash this garment of mine and add two more garments and shroud me in them.' I said, 'This is worn out.' He said, 'A living person has more right to wear new clothes than a dead one; the shroud is only for the body's pus.' He did not die till it was the night of Tuesday and was buried before the morning." 
      (Bukhari – Kitab al Janaiz)
      13th Rabi ul Awwal: Muhammad Suleman Mansurpure 
      12th Rabi ul Awwal: Mubarakpuri 
      2nd Rabi ul Awwal: Ibn e Hajr
      1st Rabi ul Awwal: Ibn e Jareer
      28th Safar: Sh’ia Historians (They also mention the day to be Monday)
      From the books of Hadith we can be sure that the year Prophet Muhammad died: 
      9th Dhil Hijjah was Friday (Bukhari – Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an) 
      “….It was Friday and the Prophet was standing at 'Arafat (i.e. the Day of Hajj)" 
      (Narrated by Umar bin Al-Khattab)
      We have four possibilities: 
      1- If Dhil Hijjah, Muharram and Safar all were of 30 days, Rabi ul Awwal starts on Wednesday and Mondays fall on 6th, 13th and so on. 
      2- If Dhil Hijjah, Muharram and Safar all were of 29 days, Rabi ul Awwal starts on Sunday and Mondays fall on 2nd, 9th, 16th and so on. 
      3- If any two months were of 29 days and one of 30 days, Rabi ul Awwal starts on Monday and Mondays fall on 1st, 8th, 15th and so on. 
      4- If any two months were of 30 days and one of 29 days, Rabi ul Awwal starts on Monday and Mondays fall on 7th, 14th and so on. 
      As for 28th Safar:
      1- If Dhil Hijjah and Muharram are 30 days it is Sunday.
      2- If Dhil HIjjah and Muharram are 29 days it is Friday
      3- If one is 29 and the other is 30 it is Saturday. 
    • By happy spirit
      He used to preach to his father much and forbid him from
      practicing polytheism, using soft, kind and logical speech: {42. When he said
      to his father: “O my father! Why do you worship that which hears not, sees not
      and cannot avail you in anything?”43. “O my father! Verily! There has come to
      me of knowledge that which came not unto you. So follow me. I will guide you to
      a Straight Path.”44. “O my father! Worship not Shaitân (Satan). Verily! Shaitân
      (Satan) has been a rebel against the Most Beneficent (Allâh).”45. “O my father!
      Verily! I fear lest a torment from the Most Beneficent (Allâh) overtake
      you.”}[Tafsir Al-Qurtubî] (Maryam:42-45)

      Unfortunately, his father’s response was harsh: {He (the father) said: “Do you
      reject my gods, O Ibrâhim (Abraham)? If you stop not (this), I will indeed
      stone you. So get away from me safely before I punish you.”{ (Maryam:46)

      Abraham’s reply was very polite, compassionate and kind: {47. Ibrâhim (Abraham)
      said: “Peace be on you! I will ask Forgiveness of my Lord for you. Verily! He
      is unto me, Ever Most Gracious.” 48. “And I shall turn away from you and from
      those whom you invoke besides Allâh. And I shall call on my Lord; and I hope that I
      shall not be unblest in my invocation to my Lord.”}(Maryam:47-48)

      Prophet Abraham (pbuh) continued to call his father and his people to Allah and
      monotheism, and to reject polytheism. His people, however, did not respond to
      Abraham and his call, and insisted on polytheism. {80. His people disputed with
      him. He said: “Do you dispute with me concerning Allâh while He has guided me,
      and I fear not those whom you associate with Allâh in worship. (Nothing can
      happen to me) except when my Lord (Allâh) wills something. My Lord comprehends
      in His Knowledge all things. Will you not then remember? 81. And how should I
      fear those whom you associate in worship with Allâh (though they can neither
      benefit nor harm)”}(Al-An’âm:80-81)

      Again he said to them: {When he said to his father and his people: “What do you

      They replied: {71. They said: “We worship idols, and to them we are ever

      . He said: {“Do they hear you, when you call (on them)?” 73. “Or do they
      benefit you or do they harm (you)?”}(Ash-Shu’arâ’:72-73)

      The response was a stupid one which was not based on any reason or logic, just
      on pure tradition. They said: {“Nay, but we found our fathers doing

      He answered them with pure monotheism. using convincing arguments, reason and
      insight: {75. He said: “Do you observe that which you have been worshipping,76.
      You and your ancient fathers?77. Verily! They are enemies to me, save the Lord
      of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists);78. Who has created me, and
      it is He Who guides me;79. And it is He Who feeds me and gives me to drink.80.
      And when I am ill, it is He who cures me; 81. And Who will cause me to die, and
      then will bring me to life (again); 82. And Who, I hope will forgive me my
      faults on the Day of Recompense, (the Day of Resurrection),” 83. “My Lord!
      Bestow Hukman (religious knowledge, right judgement of the affairs and
      Prophethood) on me, and join me with the righteous; 84. And grant me an
      honourable mention in later generations; 85. And make me one of the inheritors
      of the Paradise of Delight; 86. And forgive my father, verily he is of the


    • By happy spirit
      Every messenger was from the nation he was sent to and he spoke the same
      language as them

      Of the wisdoms of Allah the Almighty, is that every
      messenger sent by Him is of the same kind as those who will receive that
      message, Allah says: {And We sent not (as Our Messengers)
      before you (O Muhammad
      [sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam]) any but men, whom We sent Revelation, (to
      preach and invite mankind to believe in the Oneness of Allâh).{ (an-Nahl:43)

      Moreover, another wisdom is that the messenger speaks the same language as the
      people he is sent to, so that they understand his words and their meanings. The
      Almighty says: {And We sent not a Messenger except with the language of his
      people, in order that he might make (the Message) clear for them. Then Allâh
      misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the All-Mighty, the


    • By happy spirit
      Prophet Abraham was indeed a monotheistic prophet and this
      was manifested in all his conduct. Allah, therefore, says the following when
      describing him: {Verily, Ibrâhim (Abraham) was an Ummah (a leader having all
      the good righteous qualities), or a nation, obedient to Allâh, Hanifa (i.e. to
      worship none but Allâh), and he was not one of those who were Al-Mushrikûn
      (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh, and those who
      joined partners with Allâh).}(An-Nahl:120)

      He (pbuh) grew up among polytheists. Even his father was one of the idolaters,
      and carved and served the idols. Abraham argued with his father and people: {And
      (remember) when Ibrâhim (Abraham) said to his father Azar: “Do you take idols
      as âlihâ (gods)? Verily, I see you and your people in manifest error.”}(Al-An’âm:74)
      to know more visit our site and donot hesitate.

      The history of the messengers



    • By vipin
      i dont believe muhammed as prophet and hence i dont believe quran as word of god.
      please be friendly and polite in participating in this forum.
      consider these as opportunity to clarify my doubts.
      point 1. all previous prophets starting from moses to jesus were isrealities. muhammed is not isreal. so he is not a prophet.
      point 2. all prophets were prophesying. muhammed was not. muhammed heard from angel and then spoke it. a strange method. so he is not a prophet.
      point 3. all prophet were annointed. muhammed did not reveal his identity in terms of annointing at all. so he is not prophet.
      point 4. all prophets performed signs to prove they are of god. means did miracles or prophecised, and kept holy life. Muhammed lost his impression in dealing with ladies. he thought to marry a 6 year old girl but waited. also didnt perform any miracles. only sign he has is spoke something that normal person cannot think of. so muhammed is not a prophet.
      point 5.all prophets did not go for war but was speaking message and performing miracles. muhammed went for wars after war killed many people through his believers. which prophet went for war?? so muhammed is not a prophet.
      point 6. we christains believe jesus is the last prophet of kind of old testament. there is no more prophets after jesus. so muhammed is not a prophet.
      point 7. we christains believe any christian to be annointed. this annointing guide us to the truth so we dont require a priest or prophet to guide us to a truth. so we dont require a prophet. for that reason, why should God sent prophet like muhammed again?
      for these reasons muhammed is not a prophet of God for me?
      please take this as positive challenge only. not as insult to your faith or prophet in any means.