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"O You who believe! Have taqwa with Allah, and be among the truthful." (Surat al- Tawbah:119)


Many people understand truthfulness to mean truthfulness of the tongue through speech alone. In reality, truthfulness is a vast curriculum.


It is as much one of the characteristics of the Muslim's personality

both outward and inward, as it is his speech and action. From it are

the following:


A. Truthfulness in conveying the Religion:


That is, one must profess the correct belief built upon truthfulness with

Allah Azza wa Jall, not upon hypocrisy, deceit and patronization. This

is why truthfulness is mentioned in the Qur’an as the opposite of

hypocrisy. "That Allah may reward the truthful for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if He wills, or turn mercifully towards them..." (Surat al-Ahzaab:64).


Therefore, it is necessary to posses the outward Islam with the inward Imaan; it

is necessary to have the correct belief in Allah, the Last Day, the

Angels, the Books, and the Messengers. The outward guidance must conform

to the inward guidance.


Here, is one of the hidden plots of shaytaan who inspires the daa`iya to neglect some of the outward good

deeds under the pretense that his inner reality is not the same.


So he avoids this in order to avoid deceiving the people! This is a

huge mistake. The good deed which you perform outwardly is so because

of the righteousness and truthfulness in your heart as long as you do

not do it for riyaa' [show], reputation or in order to deceive the



B. Truthfulness in speech:

Truthfulness in speech expresses a dignified personality, manhood, insight and generosity.

No one would resort to lies unless he has a wicked nature, a wicked

nafs [self], and a weak personality. A good-natured individual

denounces lie and rebukes it, which is why all of the [previous

revelations] agreed upon the prohibition and admonition of lie.


How about the daai'ya then, can you imagine him lying!? I believe not,

inshaa Allah. Some of the daai'yas may come across ambiguously by

making certain statements which some people misunderstand, then later

they may find out the opposite of what they misunderstood. Then they

accuse him of lying. Besides, ambiguity may lead to the acceptance of

some minor lies under the pretense that it is helpful!! So be cautious!

If you are in a situation that would cause you to lie, avoid doing so,

and remember the words of Abu Sufyaan before Heracles when he was

asked about the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and he [latter

narrated to Muhammad sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam], "I swear by Allah, if I was sure that they would not have transmitted a lie from me, I would have lied about you."


[bukhari] This man, who was an idolater at the time, avoided lying

out of fear that his lying would be transmitted, or that he would be

insulted some day because of it. Re avoided lying even though he needed

to do so We know that the honor of today's duaat [pl. of daai iya]

has become a target for a barrage of arrows, and this is why it is

necessary for the daa'iya to close the door before the foul wind comes

in, so that he can be safe!


C. Truthfulness in deeds:

Meaning that a person's deeds have to be purely for Allah Ta'alawithout riyaa' or seeking good reputation, "Whoever hopes to meet his Lord, he should do good deeds, and not join any one in the worship of His Lord." and "...that He may try you; which of you is the best in deeds." (Surat alKahf:11 and Mulk 2)


bin Ayaad commented that, "Which one of you is the best in deeds"

means 'most sincere and pertinent.' He was asked, "O father of Ah! What

is most sincere and pertinent?" He said, "If the deed is sincere and not pertinent it won't be accepted,

and if it is pertinent and not sincere, it won't be accepted. It will

not be accepted until it is sincere and pertinent!" Included among

the subject of truthfulness in deeds is, possessing clarity and

avoiding obscurity or ambiguity. It was reported upon the authority of

Abu Dawud and Nisaa'ee that after a confrontation with a man, when the

companions refrained from standing up for him peace be upon him he

rebuked them, so they said, "O Messenger of Allah, we don't know what

is in your nafs, couldn't you signal us with your eye?" He (sallallahu

`alaihi wa sallam) said, "It is not becoming of a Prophet that he have a deceiving eye!!" [Abu Dawud, Nisaa'ee, Hakim, Ahmad from the hadeeth of Anas in which it is, "A Prophet does not wink."]


Tirmidhi reported that 'Abdullah bin Salaam, may Allah be pleased with

him, said "When the Prophet, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam, came to

Madina the people came out and said, 'The Messenger of Allah has come!

The Messenger of Allah has come! The Messenger of Allah has come!' So

I came forward among the people to look at him (sallallahu `alaihi wa

sallam), and when I beheld his face I knew that his face wasn't the face of a liar. And the first thing that he (sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam) said was, "O People! Spread the salaam, and serve the food, and pray while the people are asleep, you will enter Jannah peacefully." [Ahmad, Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah.]


truthfulness of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) spread from

his heart to his tongue...to the extremities, it became manifest in

his honorable face...(peace be upon him). Everyone who beheld his

bright vision saw truthfulness and was assured that his face was

absolutely not the face of a liar!! We are in need for the type of

duaat who transmit truthfulness with their speech and deeds so much so

that truthfulness becomes a natural disposition swimming through their

veins, emerging through their outward behavior, so that when the

people see them they say, "These are not the faces of liars!" We are

also in need of duaat who are beautified with moral excellence, who

stay away from selfishness and agitation, who persevere through their

tranquility, who are moderate in their manner of speaking in all

circumstances in such a way that the people are able to look at their

characteristics and say, "These are the characteristics of Prophets!"


Surely truthfulness in carrying our dawa is a cause for people to accept our religion, and we should not be

like the actor on the stage who shows the people the opposite of what

he really is. In this case, the reality of such a daa'iya is quickly

revealed and the people rush away from him.


It was reported that one of the Salaf [pious predecessors] used to affect

people and bring them to tears while admonishing them, to the point

that you could hear them crying loudly. Yet someone else may have given a

better speech in the same gathering and may have been more

knowledgeable, but he could not affect their hearts nor bring them to

tears! So his son asked him about this one day and his response was,

"The weeping of the mother who lost her beloved is not like the weeping

of the one who is paid to do so."


Therefore the first mean for the success of the daai'ya is: His truthfulness in

carrying his dawa, his seriousness in it and truthfulness in words

and deeds must be his method and characteristic of him. Elegant sweet

words are not most important - even if they are required - more

important is truthfulness, that he is in harmony with himself, and his

speech comes from the heart.


Long ago it was said:


"If a word comes from the heart it will land in the heart... and if it comes from the tongue it will not even pass the ears!!
From "Moral Code of the Daa`iya" by Shaykh Salman al-`Awdah  


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