By happy spirit
When the person intending Ihram has finished bathing and cleaning himself and has worn his Ihram garments, and (a male) has taken off any fitted garments, he then makes the intention to commence An-Nusk, either for Hajj or ‘Umrah. It is recommended to state clearly the sequence ofNusk the person intends to perform. For instance he says, when he wishes to perform at-Tamattu’, i.e. ‘Umrah, after which he becomes released (i.e. free and disengaged from the obligations of ihram) before starting Hajj: “Labbaykal-Laahumma ‘Umuratan mutamat-ti’an biha ilal Hajj: “O Allah, I have answered Your call and here I am to serve You through ‘Umrah, after which I will become released (from the obligations of ihram) until I start Hajj,” or “Labbaykal-Laahumma ‘Umura”: “O Allah, I have answered Your call and here I am to serve You through ‘Umrah.” Then at Hajj he says: “Labbaykal-Laahumma Hajjan”: “O Allah, I have answered Your call and I am ready to serve You through Hajj.” And the person who intends Hajj al-Ifrad (Hajj alone) says; “Labbaykal-Laahumma Hajjan”: “O Allah, I have answered Your call and here I am to serve You through Hajj”; while the person who intends to merge Hajj and ‘Umrah together (Qiraan) says: “Labbaykal-Laahumma Hajjan wa ‘Umurah”: “O Allah, I have answered Your call and here I am to serve You through Hajj and ‘Umrah.” This is according to the hadeeth by Anas t, who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say: “O Allah, I answered Your call and here I am to serve You through Hajj and ‘Umrah.” [ Agreed upon.] However, if one does not pronounce anything, the intention he made in his mind is enough.
By happy spirit
Had-y is The animals driven to the Haram (at Makkah) for sacrifice, whether as a means of getting closer to Allah, or since it is obligatory as the haajj is performing either Hajj tamattu’ or Qiran, or for the reason of Ihsar (obstruction or prevention from completing Hajj or ‘Umrah or both of them when they are performed together.)
Types of Had-y
1- Had-y for Tamattu’ and al-Qiran
It is compulsory for the pilgrim observing Tamattu’ or Qiran Hajj to offer a Had-y, and this is either a sheep, one-seventh of a camel, or one-seventh of a cow. If he cannot afford it, then he fasts for ten days: three in Hajj and seven when he returns home. This obligation is in fact for those that are non-residents of Makkah. If he is a resident then neither a Had-y nor fasting is compulsory on him. Allah said: ”… and whosoever performs the ‘Umrah in the month of Hajj, before performing the Hajj, he must slaughter a Had-y such as he can afford, but if he cannot afford it, he should fast three days during the Hajj and seven days after his return, making ten days in all. This is for him whose family is not present at the Haram Masjid (i.e. non-resident of Makkah)” (al-Baqarah: 196).
2- Had-yut-Tatawwu’: Voluntary Hady
This is offered by the pilgrim on Hajju-Ifrad (Hajj alone) or ‘Umrah voluntarily; or what is offered by a pilgrim on Hajjut-Tamattu’ and Hajjul-Qiran in addition to the obligatory one; or that which one who is not performing the pilgrimage sends to Makkah as an offering to be slaughtered as a means of getting closer to Allah. The Prophet ﷺ sacrificed a hundred badana (camels for sacrifice.) [ Source: Al-Bukhari.]
Voluntary Had-y and that of Tamattu’ and al-Qiran: It is permissible for its owner to eat from it; rather it is recommended to eat of the voluntary Had-y as was practiced by the Prophet ﷺ, as he ﷺ ordered a piece from every camel (which he had slaughtered) to be cooked, and he drank from its broth.” [ Source: At-Tirmidhi.]
3- Had-yul-Ihsaar (Had-y due to Hindrance)
Al-Ihsar is an obstruction or prevention from completing Hajj or ‘Umrah, or both of them when they are performed together. Whosoever assumes Ihram for Hajj or ‘Umrah and was prevented by an enemy from entering the House (Ka’bah), or was afflicted by a condition that made him unable to enter the House, he must slaughter the offering in the place he was hindered, and then become disengaged from his Ihram. Allah says: “But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Had-y animal.” (al-Baqarah: 196).
A Had-y of hindrance is a sheep, one-seventh of a camel or one-seventh of a cow.
By happy spirit
1-Severe punishment for whoever intends evil in the sacred precincts, whether he performs it or not.
Allah, the Most High, said: “And whoever inclines to Ilhad (evil actions) therein or to do wrong, we shall cause him to taste a painful torment.” (Al-Hajj: 25).
The word Ilhad in the verse above refers to every act of disobedience towards Allah. On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas t, the Prophet ﷺ said: “The most disliked person in the sight of Allah are three” and he mentioned among them “A Mulhid (evildoer) in the sacred precincts.” [ Source: Bukhari.]
2-Prohibition of killing or blood-spilling therein.
Allah the Most High said: “And when we made the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) a place of resort for mankind and place for safety.” (al-Baqarah: 125).
Whosoever enters Makkah will find safety therein; that is why the Prophet ﷺ said: “It is not permissible for any of you to carry a weapon while in Makkah” [ Source: Muslim.]
The Prophet ﷺ also said: “It was Allah who made Makkah a sacred precinct, and not the people; it is not permissible for whoever believes in Allah and the day of resurrection to spill blood in it and to fell[ Ya’did : to fell.] a tree in it.” [ Source : Bukhari.]
3-Prohibition of the disbelievers and polytheists from entering the sacred precinct (Haram).
Allah, the Most High, said: “O you who believe! Verily, the polytheists are impure. So let them not come near al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) after this year.” (At-Taubah:28).
And the Prophet had already ordered, while in Mina, for an announcement to be made that: “After this year, no polytheist should come for pilgrimage nor should anybody perform circumambulation of the Ka’bah naked.” [ Source : Bukhari.]
4-Prohibition of hunting, cutting of trees and picking up lost objects while in the sacred precinct.
On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas t, the Prophet ﷺ said: “Allah made Makkah a sacred precinct, for it was never permitted for anyone before me and neither is it going to be permitted for anyone after me. It has only been permitted for me for an hour of a day. None of its green plants are to be cut[ Yukhtala khalaha: to cut its viable plant.], nor its trees be felled[ Ya’did: to fell], nor its game be startled and no lost object[ Al-Laqtah: a lost object which is found, but whose owner is unknown.] is to be picked up by someone, except who wishes to notify the public (of the lost and found object).” [ Source: Bukhari]