A middle-aged to elderly woman from Sheba, known for her piety, wants to perform Hajj, but she does not have a Mahram (spouse or permanently unmarriageable relative). There is a wealthy, pious man in the town, who wants to perform Hajj with some of his female Mahrams. Can this woman perform Hajj with that kind man and his female relatives, as she will stay in the company of the women and the man will only watch over, or is she exempted from Hajj due to the lack of a Mahram to accompany her, although she is financially able to go? Please give us a Fatwa on this, as there is a disagreement over this issue among some of our brothers. May Allah bless you.
Al-wudu’ is either obligatory or recommended.
a- There are three things for which al-wudu is obligatory.
1- As-Salah (Prayers)
Allah (exalted be He) said: “O you who believe, when you intend to offer As-Salah (prayers), wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, rub your heads, and wash your feet up to (and including) the ankles.” (Al-Ma’idan:6).
2- Circumambulation of Ka’bah.
This is because the Prophet ﷺ said to a menstruating woman: “Do not perform Tawaf until you have taken a purificatory bath.” [ narrated by Al-Bukhari.]
3- Touching the Noble Qur’an:
Allah the most Exalted says: “None touch it (The Noble Qur’an) except the purified”(Waqiah:79)
Q-A man said that those who place their hands over their chests after rising from Ruku` (bowing) are committing an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). He tells people to let their hands down after rising from Ruku`. Is this view right or wrong? We hope that you could explain this to us with substantiated evidence. May Allah reward you best!
A: It is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he used to place his right hand on the left one after Takbirat-ul-Ihram (saying: "Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]" upon starting Prayer) and after rising from Ruku` (bowing). Also it is authentically reported that he (peace be upon him) said: Pray as you have seen me praying. Therefore, placing the right hand on the left one upon one's chest is neither a Bid`ah nor an error. In fact, it is Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet).May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
Voluntary charity is recommended at all times, especially when needed, and we have been encouraged to give charity in the book of Allah and the traditions of His Messenger ﷺ. For example:
- Allah’s statement: “Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan so that He may multiply it to him many times?” (al- Baqarah: 245)
- On the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Whoever spends in charity the equivalent of a date from pure earnings- and Allah accepts only that which is pure- Allah will accept it with his right hand and nurture it for its owner as any of you nurtures his foal –and a foal is the offspring of a horse – until it becomes like a mountain.” [ Agreed Upon]
- The Prophet ﷺ counted the person who gives alms in secret to be among the seven that Allah will cover with His shade on the day when there will be no shade except His shade: “...and a man that gives alms and makes this secret to the extent that his left hand knows not what his right has spent.”
- On the authority of Ka’b ibn ‘Ujrah (may Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet ﷺ said: “...and alms extinguishes bad deeds just as water extinguishes fire.” [ Source: At-Tirmidhi]