1. Delaying a ghusl until the time of a prayer is about to leave.
2. For a female not to pray an obligatory prayer after her menstrual cycle stops.
For example, her cylcle stopped before the period of zhur was over and the time ramaining for that prayer was enough to pray one raka’a of prayer. In this case it is obligatory on her to take a bath and pray zhur. The Prophet ﷺ said: “He who performs a raka’a of Subh prayer before the sun rises, has met (the time for) Salatul Subh. And he who performs a raka’a of Asr prayer before sunset, has met (the time for) Salatul ‘Asr.” [ agreed upon],
As-Sufrah is the pale yellow blood that flows from a female.
Al-Kudrah is black or very, very dark blood.
The Ruling of Al-Kudrah and AsSufrah
When a woman sees pale yellow blood or black blood, or sees usual wetness, then her situation is either of the following:
a. She sees it during the period of menstruation or right before the time of purity (from menstruation).
In this condition, the ruling regarding one who menstruates applies for her. This is in accordance with the hadeeth narrated by A’ishah.
She stated that the women used to use pieces of cloth similar to pads during their menstrual cycles. When they saw the cotton stained with pale yellow blood, she would say to them: “Do not be in haste. Wait until you see the whitish discharge.” She meant that it (the whitish discharge) is the sign of purity from menstruation.”
b. Or she sees it after purification (from menstruation).
In this situation, it will not be regarded or given any consideration. Neither wudu’ nor al-ghusl is therefore imperative on her. This is according to the hadeeth narrated by Umm’Atiyyah when she said: “We used to not regard Al-Kudrah and As-Sufrah as (being) important after purification.” [ narrated by Abu Dawud.]
1- Washing of the hands three times before al-wudu’.
2- Using As-Siwak.
3- Washing the limbs three times, except the head and ears, which are to be wiped once
4- Starting from the right.
5- Lengthening the ‘place of light’, meaning that one should wash above the elbow and the ankles when permforming wudu’.
6- Parting the beard with the fingers so that water can reach the skin of the face beneath it.
7- Rubbing water in between the fingers and toes.
8- Rubbing water evenly and thoroughly over the body parts to be washed and not just pouring water over them.
9- Being conservative with the use of water. The Prophet ﷺ said: “Verily there will be from my nation those (followers) who exceed the bounds in wudu’,” [ narrated by Abu Dawud] - i.e. they will waste water when making wudu’.
10- Supplicating after wudu’. The Prophet ﷺ said, “There is not one of you who completes al-wudu then says ‘Ash hadu a la ilah illallah wahdahu la shareeka lahu wa ash hadu anna Mudammadan abduhu wa rasulahu, Alluhamma ij-alnee min at-tawwabeen wa ij-alnee min al-mutatahireen’ except that the eight doors of paradise are opened for him, and he can enter from any door he chooses (on the day of judgment).”[ narrated by At-Tirmidhi.]
11- Praying two raka’a after making wudu’. The Prophet ﷺ said, “Whoever makes wudu’ like I make wudu then stands and prays two raka’as of prayer without letting his thoughts wander, his past sins will be forgiven.” [ agreed upon.]